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Full text of "The Thousand and One Nights: Arabian Nights' Entertainments"

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600036847Y 



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LONDON: 

C. KNIGHTS CO. 






LONDON: 

C. KNIGHTS CO. 





600036S47Y 



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i 



THE ARABIAN NIGHTS 
ENTERTAINMENTS. 

A !CEW TBA.\Sl,\TIO.V FSOM THE AaAJtC. WTTE yi^rt^i- MTKs. 

Bt EDWARD WILLIAM LaX1_ 



ILLCSnjkTED BT HAST HCmUD ISCtATTSOi OS W<MC~ 
FROM <«IGIXAX. DES^ES BT WILLIAM RllTET 

IX THREE VOLUMES 
VOL UL 



L ' > I ■:■ .« 
CHAELES KMOSI aNI' «. . 



FRMstkr Vbuu Olan I^ j»«^ 





CONTENTS OF THE THIRD VOLUME. 



n 



■ 



CHAPTER XX. 

SUnjoT E*-Sindibiilorili*$nuidEv.'UndiUaoriliel^i<l I 

Pint VoyagnoT Es-Sin^LAduflheSe* S 

S«coDd VoTI^ IS 

Tliinl Vujrag* S5 

Fointh Vojrage ST 

Rftl. Voj^e 42 

SixUi Vofagt M 

Seventh VoTsge 73 

Coixhinoii of the Sion of Ei-SindiUil of ilie Sea Hid lU^idlUd uf ih« 

idod ..... 78 

Now* 80 

CU.lPTEIt XXI. 

Starr ofiheCitjr of Brat* 118 

Note* 153 

AWnct of the Story of the Kiiig uid hh Son and the Danucl and thft 

Sami WcMcn 158 

Mt.ni. b 




n CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XXII. 

timE 

Story of Joodar 1B3 

Notes 233 

'Otbeh and Reiya 238 

'Ekruneh and Khiitejineh 243 

Anecdote of Two Lover* of the Tribe of the Benee 'Odhrah 247 

Another Anecdote of Two Loven 252 

CHAPTER XXIII. 

Story of JulIan&roftheSea 255 

Story of Bedr Maim and J6harah 271 

Note* 305 

CHAPTER XXIV. 

Story of Seyfet-Mulook and Bedeelel-JemtU 308 

Notea 372 

CHAPTER XXV. 

Stoiy of HauD of El-Baqrah 384 

Notes 518 

CHAPTER XXVI. 

Story of Khaleefeh the Fisherman 327 

Notes S68 

Anecdote of a Man of Baghd&d and hi* Slave-girl 572 

CHAPTER XXVII. 

Story of Aboo Seer and AbooKeer 380 

Note* 615 

CHAPTER XXVIII. 

Story of 'Abd Allah ofthe Land and 'Abd Allah of the Sea 617 

Notes 640 

CHAPTER XXIX. 

Story of Ibriheem and Jemeeleh 643 

Notei , ". 668 



• 



COMTBNTS. ^^^V ni 
CHAPTER XXX. 

Story of Muroor 671 

Na4M 738 

Ctmtt-viom 733 

Rmiio 7M 

Ikpri - 719 





LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IS VOLUME 111. 



I Tld. 

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ragiilBli liiloiitatiiiii tU-SiwIibU'* Coni|au>iorw . . . . 
TIm hfpc-tubatn lialniuis t» Xa-KixUltld'a Starjr . . . 
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ThcOM Mail of Ihc Sr* on b^iiidJI^l'n iliiiiiltlBn . . . T. WiixUMI . . ii 
tU-S\,Mt.iili.imattl»OUWai,vtlh»fi«m ..... Uabiiikt Cuut . AJ 

GiUliHiiut Cooia.iuiU JkcUKix , . , UO 

Rl-Ikian)) p'(n>ni n •Iniviiix bj Colw>#l CliiwiKy) .... Ninini.iA ... 03 

IUwl-]iiRic Id Sixth Voyage WiiiHrKB . . . «l 

Ka-KiidiMiI uii the ItkR Cidern .... OB 

Hckd-piK* Id Smnlli VojrtgB I.imdeli,* . . . n 

1W Rlajitual uimMiiiK llw Tmr Gkav .... 76 

Tai1-)HM* 10 IIm StoTf iif Ib-Siiiililail nf Uir Sn mkI b^inili- 

Iriil oT tlw Luul Fsi.nvicE ... 79 

(l(ad..]nK* lo Note* III Cha|il>T XX LisiDKUii ... SO 

flK M '-g ul wr Mast Amh Cook . 89 

fl iw uiait li, vt Rukb'CmmidnwiiiK liillx libniy uriln Rirpi 

AiiMieSMWir) LANftKiA* . . . M 

Tnt-i>iK«t>iN(iMloCaa{itcrXX Lamdiu.* . . .Ill 

Hnd-|Hr«loClaiitn\'XI Ghat . . . . IIH 

JliniM i»ui3i( TtDn) onrarSalpyiiUn'* Bollta fiiULinu . 130 

Han of U*h the KOI dT ShnldU Mm. Wiu.uu* . 1S3 

tt o i m umu vt Bom HAumirr Civuikc . 128 

TW *8fra(t ID An Pillar L.tKOEi.UL ... 130 

TW RdhwlMr Jinn otncamr hy Siilcimta'i Pcfws , . , UunK Jacrkok . lU 

DIkuli ut«n*):ni by Rd-Diiiiiryi.} F>i,in(MK . . . )3A 

T1u> Tm DxiHrlt in ilir C>lT or ItiMc ....... Lawoclu .tilt 

ToTCtWBm* Kv«)H .... 110 

MwoilunaiiilSiaDf Kl-Korku WiilHrwi . . .118 

TWil-pice*ts ClH]>(n XXI Jackwh. . . . tSI 

R(ad.fiw*l<iNiilaluaii{>««>XXt. ....... Lakdri.u . . . IS3 

Pavilion ...'.■. •> Williimtioh . t^i' 

TMuunr Analnting hi* Puaninur Iwrora Iki Hiuhimil . T. Wil.u*u» . . Ifll 

Tmuig Prinni mvlBmiirpbianl into a Womiui ..... CiK4v .... ISS 
Voaat Prince ratoml, and fDnitj*d lo hit Brldi .... Rutin .... l<!ft 

OoUnnilb aiiil tl^hlirn ill thr Storm tVuiMrta . . Idl 

The Man who nrm laiigh«d tat Iht twt at hil Ufe .... Mark Cum . . 1119 

CcBimlMl DodT Jaowi-i . . . nS 

niiiul ShiryVh Haiiir Clamxr . ISO 

T»iI.pi»r»toNot™t.. CJi.iiiw XXi. , - K. KvAM . . . !« 

n(w|.|iif«iQChapTci\.\II. . ...... Wumriit . . . IS3 

Jaoilaral lIwKlioiior llw Idiiid T. Wii.i.iatu ■ . 191 

Haglif>.bee acco^tin^ JoxW .......... NlollotU t IM 

JcDilar InuliiiK lix Mult lu tin Jew Gmat . . . . IHI 

J«Dil>raraBiiixtlKMa||hnl>i>t euKrfUvl.aki X. A. Cook . . I!>3 

JoMluainl ibe Ua^nabtcraMius en their Jmrne; . . . ■ QlAt .... IBS 

The irole (leKtuUi^ into Om Kwil BMTiif . . . . IM 

IneaataiitA WutMrM ... MA 

JaadwdntMoinigiboSaiibkncaal'hit Mnlhar .... Lahuuu . . . 2nl 

BUin».Ha^ . . . . Gskkn . . . 3U; 

BaAimyi^etSiHi Poui.tiiii . '113 

BDcaoipniMl uf AraU Jackioh ■ ■ ■ %i* 

Tin Jlmc aprmrliic in At T«o BmhRi in llie l*rnaii . . Urkui . . . .118 

TheRiiMvruihadiwrirf Jnodar'tPalMM M. A, n'lauwt .133 

Tlw Klue* Oaughw FiLUwici: ... 118 

Ktax* . . . . »U 
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. 133 



lfa^*»l.*c. 

T*a.iii«*lnCbapi(9XXII. . . ■ 
Hnul-piTC* to NolM In ChapUi XX II. 



Haux . 

LuKOKU.* 



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^t^ti — ■ — .- J — J J. p,|,„r| . . 



tUdm^tnXXm. .... 

Tillfaili mrtii'M Am 

JidlMir'* MfhriiM caaMOf lonli Aim th* Sm 



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n*PiHlfi*{&teBM 

Ik Kiac'i Wile Ji ih»iitii» B«li Uttirn . . 

QiiHn LUt and Ba4r BUm neliaihK M • VFmaam 



r XXIII. 



HMd-iMMtottaHitoC 

HadfantoClspMrXXiv 

TWTbd ffoMpaJraDcii^aaililSukirmiii'iTreupi . . . 
IV K'am 'A'fim (ad Ui W«n«r » At Tn« ..... 
IV Tva nnpnA 

ZfariHi 

7W KM^'A'ftn cnnrnwf SrffH-Muloak 

CoMlMlm cTdw UikImiiU uid TnHlbn 

AtaBUSn 

QoMi nd bn r^ptivn 

Ap» 

9ao«tliKtaa*liintfmrTj\atfttlDtUtK.\Moim . . . . 

TW CoOci rUas from Ab Sai 

Aniikl ■( 'BBiiiMjrdi 

fb*Hl pihniiiii Pmm 

TW GImwI iUm br Sk'od 

Srrfd-Mala^inlVflMlrn 

HMJfaMhcuTTintSrjrf d-Malouk , . . 

AnmcaTTliWitffStTfd-Hdoiii 

lUtuo t* Cliqrta XXIV 

Hod^plMatnNotMtoCaBilMrXXn' 

Til* Sbajrlh nliti^ tb* Storjr . 

Tlw MaolMBi IfMui nwUnc dvSlDt; oTSvW rt.Huloii hrfon 

tbtKios 

TwH^'M U Nmb (o Qi^Mir XXIV 

(bwl-piBcatoCha|itaXXV 

MatkM . . . . 

Ifaitm wttttjti lo Um Ship 

"tlm H>slau lunimniiinK di* Cuiifl* ......,, 

T.liw faniriu frtm tin "rimnil ftf rtii MimntnJn . . . . 

^|aan tlajriiiit Iht Hd^ud 

OuMtU balliiHit 

RxuniafllwSmDSiriKi 

Qhwi'* SiMfr cnryini htm li) llx- ln|i ef llir l*lilaiw 

Hi— tlnat to mm hi* Btlotnl 

TW MttTMg* • 

||UMB(Bkl>ighMrariii*S»lH 

C«N^ kiiM)B« M Ih* Donr oT Uaaui'i Huut 



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Qmui ukfa^lMVOoTiiit Media Mid WtfcwdCliililnB . . Nicitoiu . . . t1» 

TbiFli|(h«dr0>naiVWifr Ukat . . . . »l 

ZabafMiapiU^iBHloI^aHu'iHMhn Ghai .... 437 

Qwu'«dkUH on bMriwnT 111* Flight of hi* Wife . . . Lahdklu . . . 4M 
IlaMD apprawfalBg dM PaUa of ^ $cT«n SuM> .... WiUHm . . . Ui 

'Abd KI'KuiUaiN oo dw ElffilMiit tUuiKi Cuuk . 4M 

11wBltflMiilattlwRnlMBC0ar*wCavR» Hakkiet CuaiK . 44V 

T|imn rr^ *7 u-^— — .y— ... p. j- "—[r -^ I'l'tr . . . Jmiuox . . .451 
^MBii opou it« Sbmilden of tiiE Rfn-i'I IU)tiiu)i . . . . (Jun .... 45.1 

8fai;»aniT«>Iftni»tiwl>laiHl>of Wlk-Wlk WiiHPNN . . .134 

Hannanulngblomlf Hamt Amh Coon . 4i<0 

LukI of Uw Wild Beuto jAtxum . . .403 

tlnoatb IxirliliiK lii rim immv^r of Ijonn Foutuut . , , 4n 

TVQocoidifplapii^&e WiimriilirfLirr l^WBii .... (iKIT .... ITS 
TIm Two Childnn cuimiiitlpd b> di<- Old Wunuui . . > • Majos .... in 

Tlir Two CUIdttB ncDgnUiug ihcif Pnllwr Nirjioua . . . 4W 

Mnii n.iiRa in Pnioa 1\tOXr»oi' . - . 4M 

tbnD nwlmg lbs I'ftpR found od lii( Ttce Rta,M« .... 4A9 

Hmu irttliiif (l>r DUputr brinmi ilig Two Royi . . , , M. Jaccumi ■ . 493 
Tlv V^li of GUa «nd CUiiia-vuc bUlog upuii A* 01(1 

Woman Jackmk . , . ini 

9a«mdiKDi«riiigbiin«lf lohi* Wife TiioHnraK ... 4OT 

Hib Snoi 'K Aim ■uacaownl t>y iiintni of Ihc Itixl . . Umkh .... A03 

AiKidwt 'Eftw* pw Mii tii^ himwlf to Pami WiiuiiiHt . . • MS 

BaulcwithlhcTtwpof Wik-WHk Wuiwira . '. . 3Sr 

Tkt Kiiw Qa^ooii apprciAchiiii; l_Iaun . Laaimuj . . • 911 

TUKkiihMaof Abil Rl-KuditiNO Harriet ClaMk .414 

TuNpeo* to Cb*f«« XXV (irkr^c . , . . SIX 

Houl'^'m tuNniHtir CIttptct XXV Lakurua . ^ .419 

Hnd-fBiMi to Oupia XXVI Jacemm ... 907 

Ttw iWc Ain Jackmh . . . SSI 

Klalnfrl. ul tI.(Shop«f Ihf Jrw T. WniJAM* . .993 

KUtcfdi «Taji|»<d ill luB N'ci RARiin' Clakkk . 939 

Tlw KhklcriWi Uul Juflv ditcovrrliiH tka Fiibnniuui . Whihi-rii . . .141 

HcniliMk)Uil[iiijtth(i t^ah Folkaiid . . . 945 

KbalctM widi JMrir And Ibr Kiuiucl Fuucard . . . UO 

KUeehbinteducelb, DiFKIalnTch KVAKI . . . . 334 

KhalMMpwcfaiUDK tlm Clirit QtAY .... d&7 

KlialMffh on Umi Ont T. William* . . 398 

Kh>l«ifth thrown ftnin ttw Mule Etaki .... 563 

Khalwrdi taken u Ibr (CluUvf.^li Bhamiton . . . iGi 

Tul-pin»U>CI>A)OnX\\I. jAcistoN. . . . 567 

Hnd-pitM to Nota le Cliiftn XXVI Rvahi. .... 9IIH 

Vtong Hax mIm-ii in ■ Mnqiic HAnBiKT Ci.aUkR . 379 

RJTfc-K«ir— MixmlJtcliI WniHrKH . . . 873 

GanlDM<ut)i.HiT«r<.rKI-tIbnllFh Gbat .... 378 

Tail-piKs to KoMi h. Chapin XXVI liAiriH . . . . »7» 

BHd-pinMloChaplnXXVtl.— AlKundria jAtnucv . . .480 

DoMof AtiKi Kori'i Shujjuaitvd lip IrfsUBLM . ■ M% 

Abo* Shi ibiiv iiiji ■ PnHFnuf r in tbc GaUkh TiinxpiDH . . . AM 

TIh GallwD moond ai a City ......... BaitiH .... Mft 

Sbo|>nftbf> Djrn Grat .... 301 

Tbr Oubcr Sick Gkat ... 303 

TWHadi RvAMi . . . . 3trT 

nanwb (dailing Ibc QuHii'a bait .S.Wiu,lAMh . . 6nl 



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Tht DyW iT'iiill In ihr Kiiij 

Tlw King makliig liir iig» lo out Aboo 8«t iuta tbc So 
Aboo Se<t firptjiii^ dw N«l ,*»•.•«■ 

Almuxlriii 

lUt-plMe Id Cluplcr XXVH 

Hfad-intcr luM.ilMloCbapU'r XXVII.— Aboo Kcci . 

Hcnd'pimtoCtafitnXXVin ' . . 

iUkrr'. Shop 



'Alid Alluh nr Itm I.*iii1 nrryitiea itiukrIprFruit . , . . 
'Al-I AlUli cT x\» Lax.d tai AbJ AlldJi or thr Sea . . . . 

Tl.fTwoAt"l Alliili.iii tiirS™ 

'AM AlluUof tl'c UnJ iiillu'lIauKor'Abil AUahoftlwSn. 
Tuii-gnM* to Cliii)<trr XX VIII. ..,(..... 

Hni<l-|iiMf lo NolM lo Clioiiwi XXVIH 

T^il-pirr* hi Nulm III Qmiiln XXVIIl 

Hi**l-im™i"Ch»t*'-^^'^-— ^"•^""'•^"P ■ • • ■ 

Ibrlhorm nrcrmtiiijr Itii- Itnlniriv . 

Widon' tlridtio, El Bnaab. (Fnnnaiikftcli bjrCoI. Climui!}) 

Ibrlliwm Hi IlifSlmji nf tbr T«iliii 

IbrlUiMm tuidiiig ■! tlic Giidcii .>•>■*•'. 

Aiilrliifn*, Har«*,itc. 

JcDi«Uh Daiiciiij . . ■ 

IlvibMiyarmlnl tij Oiv Ollicrniif llm WiW 

lUI-piM* lo Oiapto- XA'IX 

Htad-pieef luKolv*t(iCliii|>lxr XXIX 

Tkil'^iice* lo NnUa b) Cla|ilur XXIX 

Hu>l-]<ira( lo Ciiitf^FT XXX. ......... 

Mutwifwilvil b; bit N«ighbnun . . 

Ths JianB *p]Mariiift to BUaroof 

ne lltnjwiu 'AIm d!ff*ntn| A* Pwgil* 

ChiistiaiiiilrlrTltii^ MaarenruHl 'Aln- . 

Munmf f ii iiif Aliiii . 

liuraarriMnnng dw brokrn Jnr) lu dm KiiiK 

ttatnc/t Ti*«iiv Itw Sjura 

The PrinctM (vcnin^ Masrauf 

MBuo»rbidiUi>«bn«dlWbuWift 

llwi *Ubx PlnuRb 

Abu-i^'ld4t •|i]inuiim In Utiaoat ........ 

Plonijhniaa Innging (ha Bowl of LtiitiU ...... 

MmiottmUrittgiiteCSly , 

TImOuiIo 

The Dmrl ■..•..»....«,« 
Tbf Vfnta oincamr bjr llir PriiioR ....... 

Fitimtb Kl-'Umli nunsiaiiK 

ntinidiG].Y>inlih»inh1inRlitTitlrbFf(ffcMBunor . . . 

DM(li«rFiliiMbEI'-Omb 

Tul.pieteloClMiiHaXXX 

Hn<i-pi*C( to Nuln Id OwplFT XXX 

THl.piMctvNnloa to Chapter XXX 

BMd-|n*o* In Cnicliuiiui 

Htad-pioa Id RfrMW 

HMd-piwa to ludn 

Fin^ Dmic«_MotlD, - PnlfC bo M God aIiiiif." .... 



Havi Akh Cocn; 

M. A. WlLUAUS 

WnL . . . 
Jackiun . . 

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Jacuiok . . 
Jaciliov • . 
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LAHIXt.lil . . 
HlNRtm-CLAIKE 
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Bl. A. Wii.u(xit 

BvAN> . . . 
H-tlRIKtClAIUII 

puijiaiid . . 
IUkrikt Cjarxie 
Itirnn . . . 
Kd<jekt . . . 



set 

867 
86fl 

ma 
8Ti 
873 

vn 
no 
tm 

6M 

«n 

«9S 
700 



TionuTos TiioxruMi 701 



HARHItr CUHK* 

Gubch . . . 

E. M, WI1.UIW 
Am. LxvDt.n» 

UlHlC. BoKD , 



70e 
TOO 
118 
719 
718 
TJl 



Maui A. WiuuMn 733 



KVAHI . . . 

KtlEA Cmrt . 

QuADTIXt. ■ . 
Jl'llBT E. DUDLir 

ISUOK.. . . 

Whbxxki . . 
MaR¥ Cliitt 



m 

7!S 

7aa 

79a 
73S 
749 

701 



9 



THE 8TORV OF ES-SINDIBA'U OF THE SEA 



was a man in poor circumsUiDccs, who bore burdens for hire upon hix 
Wad. And it hnppcncd lo liiin Uint be boru one day a licuvy bur* 
dcii, and iJiat thiy was excessively hut ; so he was wcark-d by ibe 
load, and perspired profusely, the heat violently ppprossing him. 
In this state he passed by the door of a merchant, the ground before 
which was swept and sprinkled, and there the air waa temperate ; 
Mid by tbc side of the door was a wide masfabab. The porter 
therefore put down hU burden upon that ina^tiibah, to rest himself, 
and to scent the air ; and when lie hud done so, there came forth 
upon him, &om the door, a pleasant, gentle gale, niid an extiuisite 
odour, wbcrcwitb tho porter was delighted. He seated himself 
upon the cd|;c of the mftftubab, itnd beard in that place the melo- 
dious sounds of stringed instrumentN, with the luti^ among them, 
and mirtli-exciting voices, and varieties of distinct redtAtions. He 
heard also the voices of birds, warbling, and praising God (whose 
name be exalted !) with diverse tones and with all dialects ; * eon- 
nating of turtie-iloves and hezars* ami bliickbirds and nightingnlcs 
and ring-doves and kcoraw^ns;' whereupon be wondered in his 
mind, and was moved with great delight. Uc then advanced to that 
door, and found within the house a great garden, wherein be beheld 
pages and slavits and servanta and other dependiuits, and such things 
aa existed not cisewhero sarc in the abodes of Kings and Sultans; 
and after that, there blew upon him the odour of delicious, exquisite 
viands, of all diiTcrcut kinds, and of delicious wuir. 

Upon this he raisi^d his eyes towards heaven, aikd said, P)xtoIIcd 
be tby perfection, O Lord 1 O Creator 1 O Supplier of the conve- 
niences of life I Tliou supplicst whom Thou nnlt witliout reckon- 
ing! O Allah, I implore thy forgiveness of a.!l ofitmces, and turn 
to Thee repenting of all faults ! O Lord, there is no animadverting 
upon Thee with respect to thy judgment and thy power ; for Thou 
art not lo be questioned regarding that which Thou dost, and Thou 
art able to do whatsoever Thou wilt ! Extolle<l be thy perfeclioa ! 
Thou enrichcst wliom T\w\i wilt, and whom Thou wilt Thou impo- 
verishcst I Thou mngnifiest whom Thou wilt, and whom Thou wilt 
Thouabofcst! There is no deity but Thou! How great is tliy dignity! 
and how mighty is thy dominion ! and how excellent is thy govern- 
ment 1 Thou hast bestowed favours upon him whom Thou chooscst 
among lliy scnmnts, and the owner of this pUce is in the uUnost 
affluence, delighting himself with pleasant odours and delicious 



THE STUKY OF ES-SINDIU.VU OP THE SEA. »c. 



Bujuty and suielincoo. So, upon this, Es-Situlibad the Porter was 
em^aofiied, and he said within hiiiu>eir, hy Allah, itib place is a 
portion or Paradise, or It i» the palace of s King or Sultan 1 Then, 
putting hmisclf in a rrKpectful pwture, hu MiUilcd the lust-mhly, 
prayed for them, and kiavcd tlte ^ound befoTC thvni ; after wliicb 
hL■s^>ud, han]j;ing down his head iu humility. Uut themaaterofthe 
house gave him pennision to seat himself. lie therefore sat. And 
the master of the house had caused him to draw near unto him, and 
now began to cbcer him with conversation, and to welcome him ; and 
he put before him sonH; of the voriotn excellent, delicious, exquisite 
viands. 80 EtcSiiidibid the Porter advanced, and, having wiid, In 
the name of (jud, tlie Conipassioiutte, tlie Merciful,^-ale until he 
was satisfied and satiated, when he said. Praise be to God in every 
eaie 1 — and washed his hands, and thanked them for this. 

The master of the house then said, Thou art welcome, and thy 
day is blessed. What is tliy name, and wlint trade dost tliou follow ? 
— O my master, he answered, my name is Ks-Sindibad the Porter, 
Mcl I hear upon my head men's merchandise for hire. And at lliis, 
tjfiB master of the house smiled, and he said to him. Know, O porter, 
diat thy nonte is like mine; fur 1 am Es-Sindibad uf the Sta : but, 
O porter, 1 desire tlmt thou let me hear the verses that thou wast 
reciting when thou wast at the door. The porter therefore was 
ashamed, and .-mid lo htm, I conjure thee by Allah that tliou be 
not aiigrj- witli me ; for fatigue and trouble, and paucity of what 
tile hand posscsselh, tench a man ill miinners, and impertinence. 
His host, however, replied, Be not asbamtid ; for thou hnsl become 
my bijother : recite then the verses, since they pleased me when I 
heard them from thee as thou rccitedst them at the door. So u|}on 
tliis the |>orter recited to him those verses, and ihcy pleased him, 
and he was moved willi delight tm hearing them. He then said tii 
him, O ijorter, know tliat my story is wonderful, and I will inform 
theo of all ttiat happened to me and befell inc before I attained this 
prosperity and siit in this place wherein thou seest me. For I at- 
loiniit not this prosperity and tliis place save after severe fatigue 
and great trouble and many terrors. How often have I endured 
fatigue and toil in my early years ! I have performed seven voyages, 
and connected with each voyage is a wonderful tale, that would con- 
found the u)iii<l. All that wliielt I en<hired happenetl by fate aud 
destiny, and from that wliicb is written there ia no escape uor flight. 




TBK FIRST VOYAGE OF ES-SIKDIBA'D OF TBB 9BA. 



Know, O mastent, O noble persons, tliat I had a fatliffr, n mor- 
cbant, who was one of the first in rank among the people tuid Ute 
merchants, and who poMcssed nbundant wealth an<l ample fortune. 
He (lied when I wait a )^outt^ child, li-avinj; to mr wealth and build* 
iug* and fields ; and when I grew up, I put inj- hand upon the whole 
of tl>c property, ate well and drank well, associated with the youn^f 
men, wore hnndsotnc apparel, and piisai-d my life with my friends and 
compaiikins, feeling confidenl that this course would continue and 
profit me ; and 1 cvitxc<l nut to live in this manner for a lengtli of 
lime. I then returned to my reason, and recovered from my heod- 
IcnuesSi and found that my weullh had passed away, and my condition 
bad cluingcd, and all [ilie money] thai 1 had pondesaed had gone. I 
recovered not to see my situation but in a state of fear and confu- 
sion of mind, and remembered a tale thai I had heard before, the 
talc of our lord Sulevmnn tlie sun of Daood (on both of whom bo 
peace !), respecting lus »ayiiig, Three tilings are better than tluco : 



6 THE FIRST VOYAGE OP ES-SINDIBA'D OF THK SEA. 

the iay of death is better tlian the day of birth ; and a iiving dog is 
better than a dead Uon ; and the grave is better than llic palate.' 
Then I atxmc, and collccti»] what I luid, of cfTL-etx and upparel, and 
oald thum ; af^er wliich I «old my buildings and all that my hand 
possessed, and amassed three thousand pieces of silver; and it 
occurred to iny mind to travel to the countries of otlipr people ; and 
1 remembered one of the sayings of the poets, which was this : — 

In [iroponicm to onv't labour, rinlni-nrca ore ^n«d ; and he nha veokrth 

cmincmcc poiirtii ilccplcia nijihti. 
Ilr divFth iu th« ica who ■eekcth fer pvarla, niid aucccedeth in acquiring 

lunlahip sill) goad rurlU[i«. 
Whow Hck*ih miinenco witlioiii Uboiiring for it, loneth liii Uf* In ihe tcarch 

of vanity. 

Upon this, I resolved, imd aioM and bought for myself goods 
iuid com modi tie:! and nterchandise, with tiuch utiier things as were 
required for travel, and my mind had consented to my performing 
a sea-voyage. So I embarked in a ship, and it descended to the city 
of El-Basrah, with a company of merchants, and we traversed the 
sea for many davif and nighLi. We had pusscd by island after island, 
and from sea to sea, and from land to land ; and in every p\Mx by 
wliich we passed we sold and bought, and exchangi.'d mcrchiindtsc. 
We continued our voyage until wc arrived at an island like one of 
the gardens of Paradise, and at that island the master of the ship 
brmighl her to anchor witli us. He cast tlie anchor, and put forth 
the landing'plank, and all who were in the ship landed upon that 
island. They had prepared for themselves fire-pots, and tliey 
lighted tile fires in them; and iheir occuputions were various: 
some cooked ; othen washed ; and others ainuscd themselves. 
1 was among those who were amusing themselves upon the 
•hores of the island, and the passengers were assembled to eat 
and driiUc and play and sport. But while wc were tlius en- 
gaged, lo, the master of the ship, standing upon itn side, called out 
witli his loude:itt voice, O ye passengers, whom may God preserve ! 
come u]) quickly into the sliip, hasten to embark, and leave your 
merchandise, and flee with your lives, aud save yourselves from 
destruction ; for this apparent island, upon which ye are, is not' 
really an island, but it is a great Rsh that hatli become stationary in 
the midst of tlic sea, and llie sand hath accumulated upon it, so that 



THE FIRST VOYAGE OF ES^INDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 7 

It bath become like an tvlimd, and trees have grown upon it Kince 
ttmcA of old ; and when yc lighted upon it the dre, it felt the heat. 
Bind put itself in motion, and now it will descend with you into tlie 
sea, and ye will all be drowned : then seek for yourselves escape 
before destruction, and leave the merchandise !—Tlie passengers, 
therefore, hearing the wonls of the inasU-r of the xhip, hastened to 
go up into the vessel, leaving the merctiandise, and their other goods, 
atitl their copper cooking-pots, and their fire-pots ; and some reached 
the ship, and others reached it not. The island had moved, and 
descended to the bottom of the sea, witli all tliat were upon it, and 
the roaring aea, agitated with waves, closed over it.* 

I was among tlie niunbei of those who remained behind upon 
the island ; so I sank in the sea with the rest who sank. But God 
(whose name be exalted !) delivered nie anil saved me from drown- 
ing, and supplied me with a great wooden bowl, of the bowU in 
which the passengers had been washing, and I laid hold upon it and 
got into it, induced by the sweetness of life, and beat the water v^th 
my feet as n-ith oars, while tlic waves sported witli me, tossing mo 
to the right and left. Tlio master of tJie vessel had caused her sails 
to he spri'ad, an<l pumued his voyage with those who had embarked, 
not regarding such as had been submerged ; and I ceaacd not to look 
at that Vessel until it was concealed from my eye. I made sure of 
d«atruction, ajid night came upon me while I wa-t in this state ; but 
I remained so a day and a night, and the wind and tlic waves aided 
me tmtil the bowl came to a stoppage ivith me under a high island, 
whereon were treea overhanging llie sea. So I laid hold upon a 
branch of a lofty tree, and clung to it, after I had been at the point 
of destruction ; and 1 kept hold upon it until 1 landed on the island, 
when 1 foiuid my l^s benumbed, and saw niarka uf the nibbling of 




8 



THE FIRST VOYAGE OP ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



fish upon Uicir hams, of whicii I ha4i Iiih-ii in»ciuible by reaaon of 
the riotonco of Uie aiiguiiOi and fatigue that 1 was auffering. 

I threw myself upon tlic island like one dead, and was uncoti- 
teiutu of vay cxistvncv, and drowned id my stupefactton ; and I 
ceasfid nut lu rtMnain in Uiis condition until the next day. 1'he sun 
liaving then rben upon roe, I awoke upon tlie island, and found tliat 
my feet were swollen, and that I had become rc<luced to the state 
in which 1 tla-n was. Awhtle 1 drsggt^'d myself along in a sitting 
posture, an<i then I crawled upon my knees. And itierc were in 
the itland fruiia in abundance, and itprln^ of swet-'t water. I there- 
fore ate of those fruits ; and 1 ceased not to continue in this state for 
many dsy» and nights. My tipirit hod then revived, my soul had 
returned to me, and my power of motion was renewed ; and I bi^in 
to meditate, and to walk along the shore of the island, uniuKJng 
myself among the trees with the sight of Uic things tliat God (whose 
name be exulted!) had created; and I bad made for myself a staff 
from tliose trees, to lean upon it. Thus I remained until 1 walked, 
one day, upon the shore of tlie island, and there ap|>eared unto me 
on indUtiitct object >n the distance. I imagined that it was a wild 
beast, or one of the beasts of the sea; and I walked towards it, 
ceasing not to gaze at it ; and lo, it was a marr, of superb appear- 
ance, picketed in a pari of the island by the Kca-shore. I approached 
her ; but she cried out agaiiut me witli a great cry, and I trembled 
with fear of her, and was about to return, when behold, a man came 
fortli from beneath the earth, and bo called to roc and pursued me, 
laying to me. Who art thou, and whence bant thou come, and what 
is the cause of thine arrival in this place ? So I answered him, O 
my master, know that I am a stranger, and I was in a ship, an<I was 
ttubmerged in the sea witli certain others of tlie ]>atfsengcni; but 
God supplieil me with a wooden howl, and I got into it, and it bore 
me along until the waves cast me upon this island. And when he 
beard my words, he laid hold of my band and said to me, Come 
with mo. I therefore went witlt him, and he descended with me 
into « grotto beneath the earth, and conducted me into a large sub- 
terraneau chamber, and, having seated nic at tltu upper end of tluit 
chamber, brought mo some food. 1 was hungi^- ; so I ate until I 
WOK satiated and contented, and my soul became at case. Then ho 
asked me re*|H-eti»g my case, and what bad happened Ut me ; 




wherefore 1 acqumtcd Lim with my whole aBair from beginning to 
end ; and he wondered at my story. 

And when I bad fininhi^ my tulc, 1 said, I conjure thcc by 
AUah, O my master, that thou be not displeased with mc : I hare 
acquainted thee with the truth of my case and of what hath hap- 
pened to me, and 1 desire of thee that thou infonumcwhotliou art, 
ukI what til tlie cause of thy dwelling in this chamber i\mt is beneath 
the earth, and what is the reason of thy picketing this mare by the 
8ea-«ide. So he replied, Know that we are a imrty disper§ed in 
this island, upon its sliores, and wo arc the grooms of the King El- 
Mihraj,* having under our car« all hi« horses; and erory month, 
when moonlight citminenceth, we bring the swift mates, and picket 
Uieni iu this island, every marc that has not foaled, and conceal our- 
selves in this chamber beneatti the carlli, lliat thi:-y nuiy attract the 
sea-horses. '* This is the time of the coming forlli of the aea-horse ; 
and afterwards, if it be the will of Ood (whose name be exalted !), I 
will take tljee with mc to the King El-Mihny, and divert tliee with 
the sight of our counin-. Know, moreover, that if thou Iiadsl not 



10 



THE FIRST VOYAGE OV »»-SlNDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



met wilh us, thou hadst not seen luiy one in thU place, tind woiildst 
hare died in misery, nonv knowing of then. But 1 will be tlic 
mcftiis of the preservation of ihy life, and of tby return to thy 
counlry.^ — I tlierefore prayed for him, mid thanked him for liis 
kindness and bcneRcencv; and whilv wc wt-re Uiu» titlkiiig, the horse 
cnmc fortli from tlie sea, as he had said. " And shortly after, his 
companions came, each leading a mare ; and, seeing me with him, 
they inquired of me my story, and I told them whut 1 hud related 
to him. lliey then drevr near to me, and spre&d the labW, and ate, 
■nd incited me: so I ate irith them; after which, they arose and 
mounted the horses, taking mc with them, having mounted me on 
H mare. " 

We oommcnoed our journey, and proceeded without ceasing 
until we arrived at the city of the King Et-Mihriij, and they went 
in to him and acquainted hira with my story. He therefore desired 
my presence, and they took mc in to him, and stationed me before 
bim; whereupon I saluted him, and he returned my f^alutation, and 
welcomed me, greeling me in an honourahle manner, and incgitired 
of me rfitiifCtinjf my ease. So I iiifonncd him of all that liad hap- 
pened to me, and of all that I had seen. From beginning to end ; and 
he wondcreii at that which liad befallen mo and happened to me, 
and said to me. O my son, by Allah thou hnst experienced an ex- 
traordinary preservation, and Iiad it not been for ilie predeKtincd 
length of thy life, thou badat not escaped from tlieae difHculties ; 
but praise be to God for thy safety! Then he treated me wilh 
beneficence and honour, caused me to draw near to him, and begun 
to cheer mc with conversation and courtesy ; end he made me his 
supenniendeni of llje sea-port, and registrar of every vessel that 
came to the coast I stood in his presence to trnnssct his afTairs, 
and he favoured me and benefited me in every respect; he invested 
mo with a handsome and costly dress, and I became a person high 
ill credit with him in intercessions, and in nceompiisliing the afikirs 
of tile people. 1 ccjiiwd not to remain in bis service for a long lime ; 
and whenever I went to the shore of the sea, 1 u:ted to inquire of 
the merchants and travellers and sailors respecting the direction of 
the city of Baghdad, tluil perchance some one might inform me of 
it, and [ might go with him thither and return to my country ; but 
none knew it, or knew any one who went to it. At this I was per- 



THE FIRST VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



tl 



ptexe<l, Slid I WM wear; of llie length of mj abitcDce froin lioine ; 
and in Om stmo I continued for a length of time, until I went iu 
one day to the King £UMihraj, and found nitit lum a party of 
InciiaiiK. I saluted them, and they retiimvd my salutation, and 
welcomed me, and aske*! me respecting my countr; ; after which, I 
questioned them as to their country, and ihey told me that they 
conMixtcd of various races. Among them are tlie Shikireeyeh," 
who are the most noble of ilieir races, who oppress no one, nor offer 
violeuce to an^. And among them arc a chus c«]led the Brah- 
mans, a people who never drink wine ; but they arc persons of 
picwmrc and J03' and sport and merriment," iuidpu»se«scd of camels 
and horses and cattle. They informed nie also tiiat the Indians " 
are divided into aeventy>two classes i'° and I wondered at tliis 
extrenvely. And I saw, in the dominions of the King EUMihraj, 
an island, among others, which is called Kdsll," in which is heard 
ttie Ix-ating of tambourines and drums throughout the night, and 
the iittanden and travellers informed us that £d-Dejjitl i« in it." I 
saw too, in tlie sea in which is that island, a Gsli two hundred cubits 
long, and the fishermen fear it; wherefore the>' knock some pieces 
of wood, and it flceth from them : '* and I saw a fish whose face was 
like that of the owl." 1 likewise saw during that voyage many won- 
derful and strange things, such that if I rchited them to you, the 
description would be too long. 

I continued to amuse myself with the sight of those islands and 
tiic thiikgs tliat they contained, until I stood one day upon the sltorc 
of the sea, willi a staff in my hand, iis was my custom, and lo, a 
great vessel approached, wherein were many merchanu ; and when 
it arrived at t)ie harbour of the city, and its place of anchoring, the 
master furled its sails, brought it to an anchor by tlie shore, and 
put forth the landing-plank ; and the sailors brought out every- 
thing that was in that ri-ssel to the shore. They were slow in taking 
furtli tbu goods, while I sloo<l writing their account, and I said to 
the master of the ship. Doth aught remain in thy vessel i Ho an- 
swered. Yes, O my master ; I have some goods in llie hold of the 
ship : but their owner was drowned in the sea at one of the islands 
during our voyage hither, and hU goods arc in our chnTge ; so wc 
dosirc to sell them, and to take a note of their price, in order to 
convey it to his family in the city of Baghdad, the Abode of Peace. I 



10 



THE FIltST VOVAGE OP KS-SINDIBA'D Of THE SEA. 



met willi m, thou badst not scca any one in this place, nnd wouldsi 
bare died in miMiiy. nonv knowing of thee. But J will be the 
means of the preite nation of ihy life, and of thy return to tby 
country.— I therefore prayed for liini, niid thanked liim for his 
kindness and beneficence ; and whib? we vri-ic tliu* talking, tbc horse 
came fortlt from the sea, as he hud said." And shortly after, hi* 
companion!! came, each Icadmg a mare ; and, seeing nie with bira, 
(bey inquired of me my story, and I told them what 1 liad related 
to him. Tlicy then drew near to nie, and spread the table, Jind ate, 
and invited me: so I ate nitli them; afler which, they arose and 
mounted the horeies, taking me with them, having mounted me on 
a mare. '* 

We commenced our journey, and proceeded without ceasing 
unlit wc arrived «t the city of tlie King EUMibr/ij, and tliey went 
in to him and acquainted him with my story. He therefore desired 
my presence, and tliey took mc in to bim, and stationed mc before 
him; whereupon I saluted him, and be returned my salutation, and 
welcomed me, greeting nie in an honourable manner, and inquired 
of me respecting iny cane. So I infonncd him of all that bad liap- 
pcned to me, and of all that I bad seen, from beginning to end ; and 
he wondered at that which had befallen mc and happened to me, 
and said to mc, O my son, by Allah tliou hiwt experienced an ex- 
traordinary prei«ervatlon, and had it not been for tbe predestined 
length of thy life, thou badst nni esrjiped from tJiese ditRcultics; 
but praise be to God for thy safety 1 Then be treated me with 
beneficence and honour, caused me to draw near to him, and began 
to cbccr mc with conversation and courtesy ; and bo made roe his 
superintendent of the sea-port, and registrar of every vessel that 
eanie to the coast. I stood in his presence to tranxact bis ndairs, 
and he favoured me and benefited mc in every respect; be invested 
me wiib a handsome and costly dress, and I became a person high 
in credit with him in intcrcrssions, and in accomplishing the afliurt 
of the people. 1 ceiiwid not to remain in bia serviec for a long lime; 
and whenever I went to the shore of the sea, I u«e<l to inquire of 
tlie merehants and travellers and sailors respecting the direction of 
the city of Bughdfid, tliat perchance some one might inform me of 
it, and I might go witli bim thither and return to my country ; but 
none knew it, or knew any one who went to it. At this 1 was per- 



19 THE P1B.ST VOTAGE OF ES-SINDIB.VD Of THE SEA. 

therefore said to the master, What was tlic namv of tltnt man, the 
owner of the gooda ? He answered, Hiit name was Es-SindibacI of 
tlic Sea, and he was drowned »ii bis voyage witli ua in the sea. 
And when I heard hia words, 1 looked at him with a scrutinizing 
«jc, and rccogtiiscd him ; and I cried out at him with a great rry, 
and said, O master, know that I am the owner of the goods which 
tbou hast mentioned, and I am £s-Sindibad of the Sea, who 
descended upon the island lix>m tJtc ship, with the other merchants 
who deMiended ; and when the fiah that we were ujjon moved, and 
thou calledat out to us, some got up into the vcMel, and the rest 
sank, and 1 was among those wlio sank. But (lod (wliosc name be 
exalted !) preserved me and saved me &om drowning by means of a 
large wooden bowl, of tliosc in which the passengers were washing, 
and 1 got into il, and began to beat the water with my feet, and the 
wind and tlie waves aided tne until 1 arrived at this island, when 1 
landed on it, and God (whose name be exalted!) assisted me, and 
I met the grooms of the Kiug £1-Mihriij, who took me with tin^m 
and brougiit me to litis city. They tlien led me in to the K.ing El- 
Mibrfij, and I acquainted him witli my story ; whereupon he 
bestowed benefits upon me, and appointed me clerk of the harbour 
of this city, and I obtained profit in his service, and favour with 
him. I'hereforc tiicw; goods that thou liasl are my goods and my 
portion. 





-•i 



THE 8KCOND VOYAGE OP ES-srNDlBA'D OF TItE SEA. 

Know, O my broUiers, that 1 was enjoying u most comfortable 
lifo, and the most pure huppincss, lis ye were toiJ yesttvdny, until it 
occurred to my mind^ one day, to travel again to tlie latidit of oUicr 
peopio, and I felt a longing for the occupation of traffick, and tliv 
plcasun? of seeing the countries and iskndB of the world, and gain- 
ing my suhtistence. I resolved upon that uffnir, and, having taken 
fortli from my money a large sum, I purchased wiUt it goods and 
merchandise suitable for travel, and packed them up. Then I went 
to the bank of the river, and found a handsome, new vessel, witli 
Kails of comely cajivass, and it had n numerous cri-w, and was super- 
fluously equipped. So I embarked vay bales in it, as did also ft 
party of mrrchants besides, aiid we set sail that day. The voyage 
was pU-asant to us, and wo censed not to pass Eioni sea to sea, and 
Trom island to island ; and at every place where we cast anchor, we 
met the merchants and the grandet-s, mid the sellers and buyers, 
and we sold and bought, and exchanged good^ Thus we continued 
to do until destiny convoyed us to a beautiful island, abounding with 



16' THE SECOND VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'J> OF THE SEA. 



trees bearing ripe &i]iUt, where flowcrH difTiMed Uii-ir fragrutoc, v,-illi 
binU wiu-bliiig, and pure rivera: but tbere was not in it an inliabi- 
Unt, nor a blower of a fire." Tlie master anchored our vessel at 
(hut island, and the mcrcltaiiU with the other passengers landed 
there, to amuse ihemsetvex with the »^Iit of \U trc«s, and to extol the 
pcrfe<^lion <)f (iod, th« One, the Omnipotent, and to wonder at the 
power of the Almighty King. I also landed upon the island with 
the rest, and sat by a spring of pure water among the trees. I had 
with me aoine food, and I aat in Uiat plac« eating what God (whose 
name be exalted !) had allotted me. The zephyr was sweet to us 
in that place, and the time was pleasant to me ; so slimiber over- 
came me, and I reposed there, and became immersed in sleep, 
enjoyinfr that sweet zephyr, and the fragrant gnle«. I then arose, 
and found not in the place a human being nor a Jinnee. The vowel 
Iiad gone with the passengers, and not one cif them remembered me, 
neither any of the merchants nor any of the sailors : so they left me 
in the island. 

I looked about it to the right and left, and found not in it any 
one save myself. T was therefore affected with violent vexation, 
not to be exceeded, and my gall-bladder almost burst by reason of 
tJw severity of my grief and mourning and fatigue, I had not with 
me aught of worldly goods, neitlicr food nor drink, and I had 
become dc-solate, weary in my soul, and dcqiairing of life ; nnd I 
snid, Kot every time doth the jar escape unbroken ; and if I escaped 
the first time, and foimd him who took mc with him from the shore 
of the island to the inhabited jiart, this time fur, far from me is the 
proa]>ect of my finding him who will convey me to inliabited lands ! 
Then I began to weep and wail for myself until vexation over- 
powered mc ; and 1 blamed niyfictf for that \vhich I bad done, and 
for my having undertaken tliis voyage and fatigue aller I had been 
reposing at rase in my abode and my country, in ample happiness, 
and enjoying good food and giK>d drink and good appnrcl, imd liad 
not been in want of anything, either of money or goods or mer- 
chandise. I repented of my having gone forth from tlie city of 
Boghdiid, and set out on n voyage over the sea, after the fatigue 
tliat 1 had suffered during my first voyage, and I felt at the point 
of destruction, and said, Verily to God we belong, and verily imto 
Him we return ! And 1 was in the predicament of the mad. After 



THE SECOND VOVAGE OF ES-SrNDlDA'D OP THE SEA. 



17 



that, I arose and Mood up, and walked about tlie island to tho right 
and left, unable to sit in o»c place. Then I clinib<^ up a lofty 
trcv; and begun to look from it to th« right and left; hut saw 
Douglit save sky and water, and trees and birds, and islands and 
sands. Looking however with a scrutinizing eye, there appeared 
to mc on the island a white object, indistinctly seen in the distance, 
of i-iiomiDiu si:Ke : so I desnMid<^d from tlic trrc, and went towards 
it, and proceeded in that diiecti<»i without stopping until 1 urrivvd 
at it ! and lo, it was a large white dome, of great height and taige 
arcundermoc. I drew near to it, and walked round it; but found 
no di>»r tu it ; and I found that I bad not strength nor acti\'ity to 
eliinb it, on account of its exceeding smoothness. I niAde a mark 
at the place where I stood, and went round the donie measuring iu 
circuniference ; and lo, it was fifty full paces ; and I meditated upon 
some means of gaining an entrance into it. 

The close of the day, and the setting of the sun, had now 
drawn near; and behold, ilic sim was hidden, and the sky became 
dark, and the sun was veiled &om me. I therefore imagined that a 
cloud bad come over it ; but this was in the season of summer ; so 
I wondered ; and I raised my hcuA, and, con Icinpla ting that object 
attentively, I saw tliat it was a bird, of enormous size, bulky body, 
and n-idc wings, flying in the air; and tiiis it was tliat concealed 
the body of the sun, and veiled it ftxnn view upon the island. At 
this my wonder increased, and I remembered a story which travel- 
lers and voyagers hod told mc long before, that there is, in certain 
of the islands, n bird of enormous size, called the rukh', that 







18 THE SECOND VOYAGE OP ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



feedcth its young ones with clcplianu. I was convinced, therefore, 
that ihv dome which I hud ae«n waa one or ihe eggs o( the rukih'." 
I wondered at the works of God (whose name be exalted!); nnd 
wltile 1 was in this stAtc, lo, that hini alighted u|>on the doint, and 
brooded over it with its wings, stretching out its legs behind upon 
the ground; and it slept over it — Extolled be the perfection of 
Him whit sleepelh not ! — Thereupon I arose, and unwound my 
turban £rom my head, and folded it and twixted it so that it became 
like a rope ; and I girded myself with it, binding !t t%htly round 
my waist, and tied myself by il to one of die feet of (hat bird, and 
made tlie knot fast, saying within myself, Perhapa this bird will 
convey me to a land of cities and inbabitauts, and tliat will bo 
better than my remaining in this island. I passed the night slvep- 
lesH, fearing that, if I slept, the bird would fly away with nie wlien 
I was not aware ; and when the dawn came, and mora appeared, 
the bird rose from its egg, and uttered a great cry, and drew mc 
up into the sky. It ascended and soared up so high that I imagined 
it had readied the highest rej^on of the sky; and after tliat, it 
dcscendi.^1 with mti griulually until it alighted with me upon the 
earth, and restv<l upon a lolly spot. So when 1 reached the earth, 
I luLttily untied the iKtnd from it^ foot, fearing it, though it knew 
not of me nor waa sensible of ue; and after I had loosed my 
(urban from it, and chsciigagcd it from its foot, shakJiif; lis 1 did 
so, 1 walked away. Then it took souicthing from tlic fiicc of the 
earth in its lalons, and soared to the upper region of tlie sky ; and 
1 looked Hllcntively at that thing, and lo, it was a serpent, of enor- 
mous size, of great body, which it had taken and carried off towards 
the sea ; and I wondered at that event." 

After this, I walked about that place, and found myself upon 
au eminence, bcneuth which was a large, wide, deep valley ; and by 
its side, a great mountain, very high ; uo one could see its summit 
by reason of its exetissivo height, and no one had power to asirend 
iu 1 therefore blamed myself f^ir that which I hud done, luid said, 
Would that 1 had remained in the island ; since it is better than 
this desert plncc; for in the island arc found, among various fi-uits, 
what I might have eaten, nnd 1 might have drunk of its rivere ; but 
in this place are neither trees nor fruiu nor riven ; anil there is no 
strength nor power but in God, tlie High, the Great! Verily 




rvcry lime that [ escape from a calamity, 1 fat) into another ihnt is 
groitcir ari^ m^>^^^ fcvprc- ! — 'Hk-ii I nnwc, mill cniboldcncd myself, 
and H-ulke<l in lliat valley : aiul I beheld ilx ground to \k c»mposvcl 
of <liainoiid», with wbicli they perforate mineral* anci jewels, and 
with which also they perforale porcelain and the onyx ; and it is a 
•tone »o Itnrd that neither iron nor mck hart^ any effect upon it, 
nor can any one cut nlT* aiiglit from il, or hn'ak it, unless hy means 
of the lead>»tone." All that valley Wii» likewise occupied by ser- 
pents and venomous snakes, cverj- one of tJicm like a palm-tree ; 
mikI by reason of its enormous size, if on clepltiint came to it, it 
wonld stvallow ii," Thojw serpcnU appeari-d in the ni^ht, and hid 
themselves in llie day, fearing lest the rukh' and the \nilturc ehotild 
carry tlicm nlT, and af^er that tear them in pieces ; and the cause of 
tiat I know not. I remained in that valley, repenting of wliat I 
had done, and said within myself, By Allah, I hnve hastened my 
own destruction ! ']1ie day departed from nie, and I began t» walk 
ftlong that valley, looking for a plaec in which to pass the night, 



so THE SECOND VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIB.VD OF TUB SEA. 



fearing those scrpcnto, anil for^ettiug mj food and drink and sub- 
Ristenctf, occupied onlj by care for my life. And tlicrc appeared to 
me n ciivc n»tr by; no I walkod thither, Ami I fouitd its entrance 
narrow. I tliercfore entered it, and, seeing a large stone by ita 
moutti, 1 pushed it, and stopped with it the mouth of the cave while 
I wn.t within it; ajul I aid vritliin inyM-lf, I nin nfe now tliat I 
liave t-ntt^rnl Uiif place; an«l ulien daylight shineth u)>on mc, I 
vrill go forth, and see what destiny will do. Tlien I looked within 
the care, and beheld a huge serpent sln-ping at the upper end of it 
over its eggs. At this my flesli ({linked, nnd I raised nty head, and 
committed my case to fate and destiny ; and 1 passed all the night 
tdeepless, until the davm arose and vhcnie, when I removed tlie 
atone with which 1 bad closed the entrance of the cave, and went 
forth Iroui it, like one intoxicated, giddy from excessive sleepless- 
ness and hunger and fear. 

1 then walked along i\\e valley; and while I was thus occupied, 
lo, n great slnugbleied anininl fell before me, and 1 found no one. 
So I wondered thereat extremely ; and I remembered a story that 
I had heard long before from certain of the merchants luid travel- 
lers and persons in the habit of journeying about, — tliat in tlic 
mountains of the diamonds are experienet-d great terrors, and tliat 
no one can gain access to the diamonds, but that the merchants 
who import them know a stratagem by means of which to obtain 
them; that they take a sdieep, and slaughter it, and ttkin it, and 
cut up its flesh, which tlicy throw down from the mountain to the 
bottom of the valley : so descending (resli ajid moist, some of these 
stones stick to it. Then tlie merchants leave it until midday, and 
birds of the large kind of vulture and the aquiline vulture descend 
to that meftt, and, taking it in tlieir talons, fly up to thi^ top of the 
mountain; whereupon the merchants come to them, and cry out 
at them, and tliey fly away from the meat. The merchants then 
adviuicc to that meat, and take from it the stones sticking to it ; 
after which they leave the meat for the birds <ui<l the wild beasts, 
and carry the stones to their countries. And no one can procure 
the ditunonds but by means of this stratagem. — Tlierefore when I 
beheld tliai slaughteri-d animal, mid remembered this story, J arose 
and went to tlie sUiughlercd buut. I then selected a great number 
of these stones, and put them into my pocket, and within my 



THE SECOND VOVAOE OP ES-8INDIB.VD OF THE SEA. 21 

clothes; and I proceeded to select, and to put into my pocltL'ts and 
my girdle and my tuilxin imd within mj clotlirs. And while I 
was doing tlius, lo, niiothtrr grtiat Nliiughti;ri>d atiimnl. So I bound 
myKcir to il with my turban, and, laying myself down on ray back, 
placed it upon my bo«om, and gtaspcd it finnly. Thus it was 
raised high Atm-e Xlie ground; and beholti, a vulture descended 
upon it, seized it with ita taloiis, nud flew up with it into the nir, 
with mc uttjichL-d to it; and it cc^oscd not to soar up until it had 
ascended with it to the sammil of the mountain, when it alighted 
with it, and was about to tear off some of it. And lhiTeui)oQ a 
great and loud cry arose from behind that vulture, and something 
made a datt<-ritig with a piece of wood upon the mountainj wlicrvat 
tlie i-ulture flew away iu fear, and soared into tliu sky.** 

I tlierefore disengaged royself from the slaughtered animal, with 
the kiood of which my clothes were polluted ; and 1 stood by ila 
side. And lo, lh« invrchont who hud cried out at tlic vulture 
ad^'onced to the slaughtered animal, and saw ine standing there. 
He spoke to mo not ; for ho was frightened at me, ond terrified ; 
but he came to the slaughtered Wast, luid ttirned it over; and, not 
fintiiug anything upon it, he uttered a loud cry, and said, Oh, my 
di.i.ip|ii>ititinent ! Thcrre is n» strength nor power but in God ! Wc 
seek refuge with God from Satan the accursed ! — He repented, and 
struck hand upon hand," and said. Oh, my grief 1 What is llii* 
affair f — So I odranccd to him, and be said to me, AVho art thou, 
ani! what is the reason of thy coming to this place ? I auswered 
him. Fear not, nor \>c alarmed ; for I am a huniiin hiding, of the Ijc^t 
of mankind ; and I was a merchant, and my tate is prodigious, and 
my story extraordinary, and tho cause of my coming to this moim- 
tain and tliis valley is wondrous to rvlntv. Fear not ; for thou shall 
receive of me what will rejoice thee: I luive with me abundance of 
diamonds, of which 1 will give thee as much as will sutficc thee, 
and every piece that I have is bettor than all that would come to 
Ibce by otlivr means : therefore be not timorous nor afraid. — And 
upon this the man tlionked me, and prayed for mv, and conversed 
with me ; and lo, the other merchants heard me Ltlking with their 
companion; so they came to me. Each merchant had thrown down 
n slaughtered animal ; and when they come to us, they saluted me, 
and congratulated me on my safety, and took ine with thein ; and I 



I 



SS THK SECOND VOVAOE OP £S-S]N'DiBVD OP THE 8EA. 



acquainted tlicm wJtJi my whole stoiy, rvbitinj^ to them what I bad 
suffered on my vo3rngc, and tcHing tlinii tho cause of my arrival in 
this valley. Then I gave to tlic owner of tW idaiiglitered nnimal 
to whicli I liad attached myitelf sn aliiintlance of what I hftd brought 
with me ; and he was delighted with me, and prayed for me, and 
thanked me for that; and the other merchants said to me, By 
Allah, a new life hath l>e«ii decreed tliee ; for no one ever arrived 
at thin pinee hcfore thee and escaped from it; hut praise be to God 
for thy safetj'! — They passed the next night in a pleasant and safe 
place, and I passed the night with them, full of the utmost joy at 
my safety nnil niy escape from tlic valley of serpents, and my arrival 
in an inhaliiti^d countiy. 

And when day came, we arose and jonmeycd over that great 
mountain, beholding in that valley numerous serpents; and we 
eontinut^il to atlvnnc*' until we arrived at a ganlcn in a great and 
beautiful isUuid, wherein were cainphor-treeii, under cAch of which 
trees a hundred men might ahade themselves." When any one 
desiretli to obtain some camphor from one of these trees, he maketfa 
a p(-rf»niliou jn the upper part of It with something long, aivd 
catcbeth what descendeth from it. The li<jtiid camphor floweth 
from it, and concrcteth like g)im. It i« the juice of tliai iree; and 
nfier this operation, the tree drietli, anil beeometh firi^wood. In 
that inland t<io i» a kind of wild beast called the rhinoceros," which 

pastureth there like oxen and buffaloes 
in our country; but tlie bulk of thiit 
wild beast is greater than the bulk of the 
camel, an<I it vatetli tlie tender leaves. 




Si THE SECOND VOYAGE OF ES-S!NDItJA'D OP THE SEA. 

the woond vojagc ; luid to-morrow, if it be the will uf God (wboec 
name ha exaltedl), I will relate to you tlie erents of tlic third 
voyage. 

And when £«-Si»dibid of the Sea had Daislied hi« story to Ea- 
Sindibud of the Land, the company wondered at it. They aupped 
with him ; and be gave orders to present to £>-Sindibdd of the 
Laud n hundred pirc<-« of ^Id ; and tlie latter took tliem, and went 
hi* way, wondering at tlio things that li^Sindibad of the Sui luid 
suScred. He thanked him, and prayed for him in his house ; and 
when the niumiitg came, and diffused \Ut light and ithonc-, Es- 
Sindibdd tlie Porter arose, performed the moming-pmycrs, and 
repaired to the house of Es-Sindibad of the Sea, a* he bud com- 
nuUkdod hiiii. He went tn to him and wislied liim good momiug, 
and £s-Sind!biid of the Sta wcli:oim-4l liim; and he snt with liim 
until the rest of his companions and party bad come ; and after they 
had eaten and drunk and enjoyed themselves, and were merry and 
happy, Ea-Stndibad of the Sea began tlius : — 




36 THE THIRD VOYAGE OF E&^INDIBA'D OP THF. SEA. 



were iRiiny mcrcliaiiU and otlier passenger)^ people of worth, and 
comely uid good persons, people of religion and kin<)n<!S3 and 
probity. I ther<>fore embarked with them in tliat vessel, nnd we 
departed in reliance on the blessing of God (whose name be 
exalted !), and his aid and favour, rejoicing in cxpcetalion of good 
fortune and Mifety. We oeiued not to procved from sea to sea, 
and from inland to tjtland, and from city to eiCy ; at every place bj 
which we passed, diverting ourselves, and selling and buying, in the 
utmost joy and happiness. Thus wc did until we were, one day, 
pursuing our course in tliv midst of the ronrii^ oea, agitated with 
waves, when lo, tJie masu-r, standing at the side of the vessel, 
looked at the different quarters of the sea, and then uLipped hiit 
face, furled the sails of the ship, cast its anchors, plucked liiit beard, 
rent hja clothes, and uttered a great cry. So we said to him, 
O masttT, what i» the news i Aad he answered, Know, O passen- 
gent, whom may (iod pcr»er*-e ! that the wind hath prevailed 
ogainsl us, and driven us out of our course in tlie mtdirl of the sea, 
and destiny hath cast us, through our evil fortune, towards the 
Mountain of Apes." No one liuth ever arrived at this place and 
escaped, and my heart is impressed with the conviction of the 
destruction of us oil. — .\nd the words of the master were not ended 
before the »}>«» had come lo us and surrounded the vessel on every 
side, numerous as locusts, dispersed about the vessel nnd on the 
shore. We feared tliat, if we kiUed one of them, or struck him, or 
drove him away, they woukl kill us, on account of their excessive 
number ; for numbers prevail against courage ; and wc feared them 
Ic9t they shoukl plunder our goods and our commodities. Tlicy are 
tJie most hideous of beasts, and covered witli hair hke black felt," 
llieir aspect striking terror. No one undcrstandcth their language 
or their state, they shun the society of men, have yellow eyes, and 
black faces, and ore of snnall size, the height of each one of them 
being four spans. They climbed up the cables, and severed them 
with their tcetli, and they severed all tlie ropes of tlie vessel in 
every part; so the vessel inclined with the wind, and xtopjicd 
at Uicir mountain, and on their coasL Then, having seized all tlie 
merchants and the other passengers, and landed upon tlie island, 
they took the vessel with the whole of its contents, and went dieir 
way with iU" 

They left us upon the island, the ve-sscl became concealed from 




our ship, who vu a fat, stout, broad-sbouMorcd man ; a person of 
strength and vigour; bo he plea^d him, and ho ncixed him as 
Ihc hutdier si^ixcth the Bnimnl tliiit he is oh»ut to slaughter, and, 
having thrown him on tlie ground, put hi.t foot upon hi^ neck, 
which he thus hroke. Then he brouglit a long »pit, and thrust it 
into hia throat, and spittod him ; after which he lighted a fierce fire, 
and placed over it that spit upon which the master was spitted, and 
ceased not to turn him round orrr the burning coalit until hiK ihsli 
waa thoroughly roasted; when he took liim atV from the fire, put 
bim before bim, and separated his joints as a man separates the 
joints of a chicken, and proceeded to tear in pieces hU flesh 
with his nails, and to cat of it. Thus he continued to do until ho 
had eaten his flesh, and gnawed his hours, and there remained 
of bim nothing but some bancs, which be tbr<!w by Uic side of the 
pavilion. lie then »al a little, and tlurow himself down, and slept 
upon that mastabab, making a noise with his throat like that which 
is made by a Umb or other beast when slaughtered ; and he 
slept uninterruptedly until tli« morning, when be wcntlm way. 
As soon, tliercfore, as we were sure tlint he was far from us, wc 



THE THTEO TOTJ^GE OF Q-SGnDim&'D OT TH£ 



I 



hid Wa Jivu rJ in the k*, or tint tbc apn kai <bIcb h; far m 
wMfc beOcT than ibe roMMg of a am npoafcanngnBkl Bf 
AlIah,iUidntkaavife«>l Bt »^t Q«rf pailfc ffMilt m 
pmaB^ miOten mmtmnmgOt war fowmh^mGvi, 1km W^ At 

Gmt ! We £r m sonaw. cod bo <ne kn^vetk of ■§; aad tkve 

M BO ncmpe br as firaa tUs phee ! — We tka «dk lad west §mik 

optH tlw b^hI. Id n» iori 

IV Im; nd it hirf heeoae • %kt nMlcr M as ta fie, i 

oar leak AobU W fowted witk in. BiA 

^apWe IB whEk toUevsnehca; aad the < 

So vr utiuid to ns psvnoci, ax nMoi vt the ns^Ks w a^ 

frar. aad st tben a little wUle; and la, At etaA nntUti W^ 

acaUms, and that hlarlr aaBCoacked oa^ lad, cooiBg aBoaroi, Wbb 

to tm Da 0*cr, ane iAw aaoAcr, as oa ite fcoMT ocoMB, a4 le 

fedn, oBta OM ploaaed Um; vlnnvpoB ha anwA ki^ ^ fid 

widikiMaabadidwitb tkeiBMterefikedi^thedaf Wfa«. He 

roaatcd h am . a i wT ate hjai apaa tkal ir n rah a h, end cemii ij not to Jwrp 

tfcat aigki,i»aki»gai>Me wiA kialhiiwl liki i 

nd wkn Ae day OHK^ kc I 

Upon ikb we ameM^ tafrtkir aad eoBffeaed, aad aid aaa W 

Molka, B; Allak, if «c cot onnrina iato ^ ■■ Md & drawBcd. 

it wiQ be better Aan our dyiaf baiat; fir lim mute at ke>^g pvt 

lo death U abaopaaUe! Aad oaa rf aa aid. Mtm m^ «ai^ 

Verilj we wiU eoauive a ttnti^cim ^ainw Uai aad k3 knu, aad 

be at caK frim BpfvdMnwa of bos parpOR, aad rBmc ife Uoa- 

liaa froBi Ui np[in' ■rinn aad tTmoiT. — So I tmi to tk^i, H^, 

Omybrathen. IfweMast kill Inai, «e wiQ 

and te m oire aome of ibia fire-wood, aad aakr far a^Bih^ tift>, 

eacb to bear three BK9 ; ** after wludi we wffl < 

lo kill t'r"*, aod enbarfc on the rafia, aad 

to whataoever place God ikalt dedre. Or we wiQ 

pUoe iratO a ahip shaB paM Igr, wkis wc wiB ewimA im it. Aad tf 

«v be aot able to idll fatal, w« ii3l inbaA {«■ aor nfti^ ^rf pat 

oat to aea ; and if we be drowaod. wc daB be pe eat i wd boB keia^ 

naated over the fire, and bva betng ibofihtemd. If we eaeape^ we 

Mtape; and if we be drtiwiked, we die ■■nyn." — To lUa thcr aU 

irpBed, By ABah, this is a i^ opiaiaa and 





so THE TEIIBD VOYAGE OF tS-SINDIBA'D OP THE SEA. 



And wc ugrccd upon lliis matter, and commenced the work. Wc 
removed Uic pirccs of wood out of the pavilion, and constructed 
rads, attached llivin to the seashore, and stowed upon them some 
provisionii ; after whicli we relumed to the pavilion 

And when it was evening, lo, the earth trembled with ua, aud 
the block came in to us, like the biting dog. He turned us over 
and felt U8, one after another, and, haTing taken ouo of us, did with 
nim OS he liod done nith the others before him. lie ate him, and 
idept itpuh tlii; iiiux^abah, and the noise from his tluroat was Hke 
thunder. So thereupon we arose and took two iron spits, of those 
which were set up, and put tliem in tlie fierce fire until iliey were 
red-hot, and became like burning coals ; when we grasped them 
firmly, and went with llieni to tliat black while he lay asleep snor- 
ing, and we thrust Uicm into his eyes, all of us pressing upon them 
with our united strength nnd force. Thus wc pushed them into his 
eyes as he slept, and his eyes were destroyed, and he uttered a 
great cry, whereat our hearts were terrified. Tlien he arose re- 
aolutely from that moatabah, and began to search for us, while we 
fled &om him to the right and left, and he saw us not ; for his sight 
was blinded ; but we feared him with « violout ft^ar, and uiode sure, 
in that time, of destruction, and despaired of safety. And u]>oa 
this he sought tlie door, feeling for it, and went forth from it, crying 
out, while we were in the utmost fear of him ; and lo, the earth 
shook beneath us, by reason of the vrheinence of his cry. So when 
he went forth from the pavilion, we followed him, and be went his 
way, searching ft^r uh. Then he returned, accompanied by a female, 
greater than he, and more hideous in form ; and when we beheld 
him, and her who was with him, more horrible than he in appear- 
ance, wc wore in the utmost fear. As soon as the female saw us, 
we hastily loosed tlie rnfls that we had constructed, and embarked 
on them, and pushed tlieni forth into the sea. But eacli of ttte two 
blacks Iiad a mass of rock, and they cast at us until the greater 
number of us died from the casting, there remaining of us only three 
persons, I and two othei's ; and the raft conveyed us to another 
island." 

Wc walked forward upon that island luitil the close of the day, 
and the night overtook as in this state ; so we slept a little; and we 
awoke &om our sleep, and lo, a serpent of enormous size, of large 



THE THIRD VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 31 



■ 



body and wide belly, bad suiroiuided us. It approachL'd one of us, 
and swallowed him to his shoulders : then it EwalloMcd the rest of 
him, and wc heard I«.s rilw breaic in pieces in its bellj,- ; after which 
it went it» way. At this we wondered «xtrentely, and we mourned 
for our cnnipanion, and were in the utmost fear for ourselves, say- 
ing, By Allah, this is a wonderful thing ! Bvery deatli that we 
witness is more horrible than the preceding one ! We were re- 
joiced at our escape from the black ; but our joy is not complete ! 
There is no ttrcitgth nor powtrr but in God ! By Allah, we have 
escaped Crom the black and from drowning ; but how shall wc escape 
from this unlucky §erpent ?— Tlicn we arose and vralkrd on over the 
island, eating of its fruits, and drinking of its rivers, and we ceased 
not to proceed till morning, when wc found a great, lofty tree. 
So we climbed up it, iind slept upon it; 1 having ascended to the 
highest of its branches. But when thi^ night arrived, and it was 
dark, the serpent came, looking to the right and left, and, advancing 
to the tree upon which wc were, came up to my companion, and 
swallowed him to hi«i shoulders ; and it wound itself round the tree 
with him, and I heard his bones break in i>icces in its belly : then 
it swallowed him entirely, while 1 looked on ; after which it 
descended from the tree, and went its way."— I remained upon that 
tree the rest of the night ; and when the day came, and the light 
appeared, I descended from the tree, like one dead, by reason of 
excemive fear and terror, and desired to cast myself into the sea, 
that I might be at rest from the world ; but it was not a light matter 
to me to do so ; for life is dear. So I tied a wide piece of wood 
upon the soles of my feet, crosswise, and I tied one like it upon my 
left aide, and a similar one upon my right side, and a similar on« 
upon the front of my body, and I tied one long and wide upon the 
top of my heati, crosswiiee, like that which was under the soles of my 
feeL Thus I waa in tlie midst of these pieces of wood, and they 
eockiscd me on every side. I bound them tightly, and tltrcw myself 
with the whole upon the ground ; so 1 lay in the midst of the piecea 
of wochI, which encloi'Ml me like a closet. And when the evening 
arrived, the serpent approached as it was wont, and saw me, and 
drew towards me; but it could not swallow me when I was in that 
state, with the pieces of wood round me on every side. It went 
round me ; but could not get at me ; and I looked at it, being like 



32 THE THIUD VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SF.A. 

ft dead ituui, hy reason of the violence of my fear and terror. The 
serpent re tiri-d from me, and returned to tnc; and thus it ceAM^ 
not to do : every time that it desired to get at me to swrUow me, 
tlie pieces of wood tied upon me on every side prevented it. It 
continued to do thus from sunset until daybreak arrived and tlu 
light appeared and the sun rose, when it went its way, iu the 
utmost vexation and rage. Upon this, therefore, I alrclclied fortJi 
my hands and loosed myself &om those pieces of wood, in a state 
like that of the dead, tltrough the severity of that which I had suf- 
fered from that serpent. 

I then arose and walked ulong the istiind until 1 came to the ex- 
tremity of it ; when I cast n glance towanlx the sen, nnd helield a ship 
at a diKtance, in the midst of the deep. So i took a great branch 
of a tree, and made a sign with it to the passengers, calling oul to 
them ; and when thej saw inc, they said, \Vc must sec what this is. 
Perhaps it is a man. — Then they approached me, and heard my 
cries to them. They therefore come to me, and took me with them 
in the ship, and asked me respecting my stale : so I informed them 
of all that lind happened to me from beginning to end, and of tlie 
troubles that I had suffered; whereat they wondered extremely. 
They clad me with some of their clothes, attiiing me decently ; and 




84 THE THIRD VOYAGE OP ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



have come to us ; whin'cforc we dcnre that this stranger sell them. 
Mid take chmrgc of tlic price of tltcm, luid we will give him some- 
what of it in requilnl of \m trouble and his sale of them. What 
shall remain we will take with u» until we return to tlie city of 
Baghdad, when, if wc find liim, wc will give it to him ; and if we 
find him not, we will give it to his family in Baghdad. — So the 
elerk rL-jiHed, Thy words are good, and tliy notion U excellent. And 
when 1 heard the words of the maaicr, nientioniug that the bales 
were to be inscribed with my name, I said within myself, By Allah, 
I am Es-Sindibud of the Sen." Then I fortified mj'self, and waited 
till the mt;r(!liaiits liad landed and liad luueniblcd eonversing and 
consulting upon aifairs of selling and buying) when 1 advanced to 
the owner of the »hi[>, and said to him, O my master, dost Uiou 
know what manner of man was the owner of ttte bales which thou 
haat committed to mc that I may sell them ? He answered me, 1 
know not his condition ; but he waa a man of the city of Baglidad, 
called Es-Sindibfid of the Sea ; and we had cast anchor at one of 
the islands, where he was lost," and wc liurc had no tidings of him 
to the present time. So ujion tliis I uttered a great cry, and said 
to bim, O master whom may God preserve ! know that I am Ks- 
Sindibid of the Sea. I wa» not drowned ; but when thou anehoredst 
at the island, aud the mercUaDts and other paxitengers landed, I alio 
landed with the party, tjiking with me something to eat on the 
shore of the island. Then I enjuycd myself in sitting in that place, 
and, slumber overtaking me, I slept, and b<-c^anie inimcmed in sleep; 
afterwhich I arose, and found not the ship, nor found I any one with 
mo. Therefore this wealtli is mj wealth, and these goods arc my 
goo<U. All the merchauM also who transport diamonds s.-tw me when 
I was upon the motmtain of the diamonds, and they will bear wit- 
ness for me that I am Ks-Sindibiid of the Sea, as 1 uiformed them 
of my story and of t!ie events tliat befell me with you in the ship. 
I informed them tliat ye had forgotten me upon the island asleep, 
and that I arose aud found not any one, and that what had befallen 
mc befell me. 

And when tlie merchants and otiier passengers heard my words, 
tbey asKmbled around me ; and some of them believed me, and 
others disbelieved me. But while we were thus talking, lo, one 
of the merchants, on his hearing me mention the volley of diamonds. 



36 THE TlltRD VOYAGE OF ES-SINDtBA'D OF THE SEA. 



that ae* [which vrc narigatcd, namely tlte Sra of India,] many n-oii- 
ders and strsngc things that cannot bo numbered nor calculated. 
Among the things tlint I saw there were n fish in the form of tlie 
cow," and a creature in llie form of (lie a» ; and I »w a bird that 
Cometh forth from a sea-sliell, and layelh its egg* and luilehetb them 
upiMi the surface of the water, and ne%'er oomcth forth &om the aea 
iijKHi the face of the earth." — After this we continued our vt^ragv, 
liy permission of God (whose name be exalted!), and the wind aod 
voyage were pleasant to us, until we arri«-od at El-Basrah, where I 
remained a few days. Then I came to the city of Bagbd^ ai>d 
repaired to my quarter, entered my house nnd saluted my family 
and companions and friends. I rejoiced at my siifoty and my return 
to tny country and my &unily and city and district, and I gave alma 
and presents, and clad the widows and tlie orplians, and collected 
my companions and friends. And I ceased not to live thus, eating 
and drinking, and sporting and making merry, eating well and drink- 
ing well, associating fnmiliarly and mixing in socicQ* ; and I foi^t 
all that had happened tn me, and the distresses and horrors tliat I 
had sufTcred. And I gained during tliat voyage what could not he 
numbered or cidculated. — Such were the most wonderful of tJic things 
that I behold during that voyage ; and to-morrow, if it be the will of 
God (whose name be exalted !), thou shall come, [O Sindibad of 
the Land,] and I will rclnt« to thee ilii^ story of tlic fourth voyage ; 
for it is more wondcrfHl ilinn tlie stories of tlic preceding voyages. 

Then Es-Sindibiid of the Sea gave orders to present to the por- 
ter a hundred pieces of golrl, as usual, and commanded to spread the 
table. So they spread it, and the company supped, wondering at 
that story and at the events described in it ; and after the supper, 
they went their ways. Es-Sindibiid tlie Porter took the gold tluil 
Es-Sindil>:id of the Sea had ordered to be given to liirn, and went 
his way, wondering at that which he hiwl h<>ard, and passed the night 
in his house ; and when the morning came, and dilTused its light 
and shone, he arose and performed the morning-prayers, and walked 
lo the house of Es-Sindihi'td of the Sea. He went in to him and 
saluted him ; and he rcceired him with joy and gnyety, and made 
him sit hy liim until llic rest of his companions had come; when 
the servants brought forward the food, and the party ate an<l drank 
and enjoyed themselves. Then Es-Stndibttd of the Sea beg.in to 
address them, and related to ihem the fourth story, saying, — 




Km 



i- 



TM f O UK T H VOTAOK Of U-MXOIBa'D OT TVi tU. 



Know, O mj bmihert, tkat vhen I t tOu aei to As d^ of 
Bigbdtd, and met mj e ampani oos aid bt fiani; ami wj 
■ad TO esjojing the atnnvt plcarare aod h« ppiiR» and ' 
had forgotten all xiatt I had experictwcd, br raaoo of the a lm a diafg 
of tny gains, and had becoue !■■■■>■■— 1 in span and Dnth. aad the 
•ocietjr of friends and conpuriooa, lending: the boa '*^ig^*'' Ble, 
m; wicked sou) n^^gerted to mo to ttaTcl affsin to the cooniriea of 
olhei people, and I fdt a lomgii^ for aaxriitins with the diftitM 
nee9 of met>, and for acUing and pia*. So I reaolred vpoa lUm, 
and purchased predoos good*, MntaUe to a aco-Toyage, and, hnng 
packed up manj bales, more than usual, I went trnn the dtj of 
Baghdad to the city of EUBasnh, where I flnbrk*** nj hales in a 
■hip, and joined myself to a party of the duef men aS El-Bsoih, 
and we set forth on oar royage. Tbe tcsmI proceeded with no, 
conlidinK in the blcsanif; of God (whose name be exalted f), am tbe 
roning >ca agitated with warn, and the voyage was jletmat to ns ; 



38 THE FOl'RTU VOYAGE OF ES-S1NU[BA'D OF THE SEA. 



and WO ceased not to proceed in tliU nunacr for k period of iiigIiL« 
mhI days, from island U> island and fVom sen t» t^n, until k contrary 
wiitd arose agaiiiNt us one day. Tiie inaitter therefore cii»t the an- 
chors, and stayed tho ship in the midst of ihe sea, fearing lluit she 
would sink in the midst of the deep. And while wc were in this 
state, supplicating, and humbling ourselves to God (whose name Ite 
exalted !], there arose against us « great b-nipoit, whicli rent ihe 
sails in strips, and the people were auhincrf;i;d with nil their bales 
and their commodities and wealth. I was suhmei^;ed among tlio 
rest, and I swam in the sea for half a day, after whicli I ahitndoned 
mvBelf ; but God (whose name be exalted !) aided me to Uy hold 
upon a piece of one of the plnulct of the ship, and I and a party of 
tlie merchants got upon it. Vfe continued sitting upon this plank, 
striking the sea with our feet, and the waves and the wind helping 
us ; and we remained in this state a day and n nif^ht. And on the 
following day. shortly before the mid-time between sunriso and noon, 
a wind arose against us, the sea became boisterous, the waves and 
the wind werct violent, and llie water cast us upon an island ; and 
we were like dead men, from excess of sleeplessness ajid fatigue, and 
cold and hunger, and fear and thirst. 

We walked along the shores of that island, and found upon it 
abundant iK^rlis; so we ale some of them to stay our departing 
spirits, and ti> sustain us ; and passed the uext night upon the shore 
of the island. And when the moniing came, and dilTused its light 
and shone, we arose and walked about the island to the right and 
left, and there appeared to us a liuildiug in tJie distance. We 
therefore proceeded over the island in the direction of that 
building which we had seen from a distance, and ceased not 
to proceed until wc stood at its door. And wlulc wc were 
standing there, lo, there came forth to us from that door a party of 
naked men, who, without speaking to us, seized us, and took u» to 
their King, and he commanded us to sit. So we sat ; and llit?y 
brought to us name food, such ns wc knew not, nor in our lives had 
wo seen the like of it; wherefore my stomach conscntt^l not to it, 
and I ate none of it in comparison witli my companions, and my 
eating so little of it vas owing to the grace of God {whose imnit? be 
exalted'.), in consequence of which 1 have lived to the present time. 
For when ray companions ate of thai food, their minds became stu- 



THE FOURTH VOYAGE OK ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 

pificd, and they ate like madmen, and tJicir states became changed. 
Titftn tba people brought to them cocoa>niit-oil, and gave tlicm U> 
drink of it, and anointed them with it ; and when my coinpaniuiis 
drank of that oil, tlivir cycx becunv tilnicd in th<-ir face*, und they 
proceeded to eat of tltat food contrary to their usual maimer. Upon 
this, therefore, I mu ccmfounded rcapi?cting (heir cose, and grieved 
for them, and became extremely anxious by ren«on of the violence 
of my r<:ar for myself with regard to the»e naked men. I observed 
tliem attentively, and lo, tbcy were a magian people, and the King 
of their city was a ghool ;" and every one who arrived at thtnr 
country, or whom they saw or met in the valley or the road;>, ihcy 
brought to their King, and lliey fed him with that food, and 
anointed him with tJiat oil, in consequence of which his body became 
expanded, in order that he might cat Urgely ; and his mind become 
atupiGed, his (acuity of reflection was destroyed, :uid he became like 
an idiot. Then tlicy gave him to ent and drink in abundance of 
that food and oil, until he became fat and stout, when tlicy .-daugh- 
tcrcd him and roasted him, and xervcd him as meat to their King. 
But as to the cora{Muiions tif the King, they ate the flesh of men 
without rotuting or otherwiiie cooking it. So when I saw Otcm do 
thus, I was in the utmost anguish on my own account and on account 
of my companions. The latter, by reason of the excessive stupefac- 
tion of their minds, knew not what was done unto tbent, and the 
people committed them to a person who took them every day and 
went fortli to pasture them on tJiat island like cattle. 

But at for niyK^if, I became, through the violence of fear and 
hunger, infirm and wasted in body, and my flesh dried upon my 
bones. So when tliey saw me in this state, they loft me and fot^ot 




40 THE FOIIRTII VOYAGE OP ES-SINDIBA'D OP THE SEA. 

tnr, and not one of \lvnm rviiieiii1)cr«d roe, nor dtd I occur to their 
minds, until I contrived a stratagem one day, and, going forlli from 
tliat place, w«lkt-d along the island to a distance. And I saw a 
herdanuui uttiug upon something elcv»U-<l iii tlic midst of the seu ; 
and I certified my»clf of hi»i, and lo, he was the man to whom tlioy 
had cominilti^d my compaitiona that he might pasture them ; and 
he hiid willi liini many like them. As soon, therefore, as that man 
bchc-ld roe, he knew that I was in possession of tny rcitson, and that 
nought of tliat which had iifflicted my eompiuiions had aiilictcd me. 
So ho made a si<^i Co me from a distance, and aaid to me, Tuni boek, 
and go nloiig the ruiul that i^ on thy right hand : thou wilt so reach 
the Kings highway. Accordingly I turned back, as this man di- 
rected me, and, seeing n road on my right hand, I proceeded along 
it, and ceased not to go on, somoTinicx ruiiiiitig by reanon of fear, 
and sometimes walking at my leisure until 1 hud taken rest Thiw 
1 continued to do until I was hidden &om the eyes of the man who 
directed nic lo the way, and I saw him not nor did he see mo. The 
sun had disappeared from mc, and d»rkni*»! upproachird ; wherefore 
1 sat to rest, and desired to »lcrp ; but slerp came not to mc that 
night on account uf the violence of my fear and hunger and fatigue. 
And when it was midnight, I arose and walked on over the iitlaiid, 
and I ceased not to proceed until day arrived, and the morning came 
and diffused its light and shone, and the sun rose over the tops of tJie 
high hills and over the low gravelly plains. I was tired and hungiy 
and tliirsty : so I began to cat of the herbs and vegetables tliat were 
upon the islun<l, and continued to eat of them till I was satiated, 
and mj departing spirit was stayed ; after which I orvic and 
walked on again over the island ; and thus I censed not to do all 
tlic day and tlie next night; whenever 1 was hungry, eating of the 
vegetables. " 

In this manner I proceeded for the space of seven days with 
their nighu ; and on the morning of the eighth day, I cast a glance, 
and beheld a faint object in the distance. So 1 went towards it, 
and ceased not to proceed imtil I came up to it, after sunset ; and I 
looked at it willi a scrutinizing eye, while I was yel distant from it, 
and with a fearful heart in consequence of what 1 had suHered ilrst 
and after, and lo, it was a party of men gathering pepper." And 
when I approached them, and they saw mc, they htistcned to me, 



48 THE FOURTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



for the Ikrour of God (wko«c name b« vxaltcd!}, praising Ilim 
aD<l glorifjriiig Hiru. I then arose from the presence of tUc King, 
and diTened niysolf with a sight of his city ; and lo, it was a ilou- 
Ttshiiig city, abounding with tiihahiUDts and wealth, and with food 
and markcU and goods, and Kellers and buyers. 

So I rejoiced at luy arrival at that city, and my heart was at 
ease ; I became familiar with its iohabitaota, aud was magnified and 
honoured by them and hy their King above the people of his domi- 
oions and the great men of liis city. And I saw that nil iu great 
men and its small rode excellent and fine horses without saddles ; 
whereat 1 wondered ; and I stud to the King, Wherefore, O my 
lord, dust thou not ride on a saddle ; for therein is case to the rider, 
and additional power ? He said, What kind of thing is a saddle ? 
This is a thing tliut in our hves we have never aoen, nor have wc 
ever ridden upon it. — And I said to him, Wilt thou permit mc to 
make for thee a saddle to ride upon and to experience tiie pleasure 
of it t He answered me, Do so. I therefore aaid to him, Furnish 
me with some wood. And he gave orders to bring mc all that I 
required. Then I asked for a clever carpenter, and sat witli him, 
and taught him the construcliuii uf the saddle and how he should 
make it. Aflcrwnrds 1 took some wool, and teased it, and made 
felt of it ; and 1 catuied some Icntlier to be brought, and covered 
the aaddle willi it and polished it. 1 then attached its straps, and 
its ^rth: af^ur wlilch I brought the blacksmith, and described to 
him the form of the stirrups, and he forged an excellent pair uf 
stirrups ; and I filed Iheui, and tinned them. Then I attaclied 
fringes of silk. Having done tliis, I uroKe and brought one of the best 
of the King's horses, girded upon him that saddle, attached to it the 
stirrups, bridled him, aud brought him forward to the King; and it 
[4ea8ed him, and was agreeable to him. He tlianked me, and seated 
bimwlf upon it, and was greatly delighted witit that saddle ; and he 
gave nie a large present as a reward for that which I had done for 
him. And when his Wesecr saw that I bad made that saddle, he 
deaired of mc one like it. So I made for him a saddle like it. The 
grandees and dignitaries likewise desired of me saddles, and I made 
for them. I taught the carpenter the constructiOD of the saddle ; 
and the blacksmith, the mode of making stirrups ; and wc employed 
ourselves in making these things, and sold them to the great men 



THE porrra voracE or es-sixdibi'd of the sei. 43 




Kmv. O 



anul I m one dsr witli dhr Kiag, is dke i 
and vfa3r I ns uttimgt ifa* KibK' 

dt tJWB tart btOMB I ftBJllM 
MQflBC flVft <N 1B« MH W6 O^VlC P"^ Witt BSC^ BflP OK VV 

xoder ibee to <i«pait from ovr d^ ; wai I doiie of tltee tbal tkaa 
obey aw in SB ft&ir, and rqect aoc tkat vUch 1 i^aB «f . So I 

aot r^ect tbat »UA tfaoa diA agr, nee Am kvt ifccva favov 

■iiiHiiiiiiiM mil liiBiiimi III nil. Hill (paw In tnGodflllMve 
bHSMB tmm at ihj aoTw^*.— Ami hi ■■ mil, Hiimi li mij 
tlM nuaf m to » bmidfel, Io«tlf , (iign* w^ pniiHid af 
trealUi and lovdnos, aod tboo dull become a d«c&i «^ ai^ ^id 
I «r3t lodge tli«ebj ne ia nypahce: tbocfin appsae ae sot. aor 
refect iibat I lay. Aadwben i beard tke ra* of ibe iu[ag,I«aa 
abaAeJ at Iubi, awl was akat, — '"—'■g Uai ao — a»i.r, by 
fcaa oB of Uie excrnfiog baahfalnt w wrtb wbidi I n^niedban. 
So be said, WbmfMr, diMt tboo aot tepljr Co ac^ O a; aon ? A^ 
I aasvend Urn, O a; waltr, it w tibiae to ce^aaad. O Caf ef 
tbe age! Aod opootbti be teat iaawAiSdj aad caaed Ae Kafw 
and tbewitnoMS to come, and wwricd ate fa ethw it b toa ■ iiaaa iif 
BoUe raakfOf b^ Baeage,pn^Ba«gabaad^wltbaadfaf taa e^ 
of gnat ongnit of saiiosag hmnaeM aaa baaa^, oaaer af dwell- 
tngi aad powtainni and bwibfiop. Tbca be gtn aie a preat, 
lunilMnne hnoite, rtiading afaae, and be gate ae atzraDts aad atba 
depeodants, and aaagnfd aw wppBia and t*— -t* Tbaa I beeaae 
in « state ot tbe otBMM ease and jar and bappoMaa, Sa^cttag d 
the fatijtue sad a£9ictian and advent^ that bad bap pcne d to ae ; 
and 1 aid witbin mjself, Wben I art fbnb on a^ v^TagT m mj 
maatrf, I will take ber witb ao. Bat evcqr event ibat la jfTiVi 
tiaed to happen to aan aoat in c iii a Uy tak» plarr. and no cae 
kmnretli wKu will beEUl bim. I bnd ber and dw Io*vd ae witb 
a great afiectioD, coocotd ndated be f e m aw and ber. and we Gred 
in a noat delt^tfitl manner, and annt coaribrtriile abode, and 



ceaaed not to enjo; thii tale (sr a lengtb of tine. 



+» THE FOURTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBAT) OF THE SEA. 



Then Qod (whose iismc b« exulted !) deatrojcd the wife of my 
neighboar, nnd he vras a companion or mine. So 1 went in to Iiim 
to console bim for the loss of hia wife, and beheld him in it most 
evil state, anxious, weary in soul and heart; and upon this I eon- 
sok-d him and comforted him, sayinj^ to him, Mourn not for thy wife. 
God will happily compensate tliee by giving thee one better tlun 
shei and thy life will bo long if it bo the will of God, whose name 
be exalted ! — But he wopt violently, nnd said to me, O my compa- 
nion, how can I many flnoUicr after licr, ca how can God compen- 
sate me by giving me a belter than slie, when but one day remaincth 
of my life ? So I replied, O my brother, return to thy rea-ion, and 
do not announce thine own death : for thou art well, in prosperity 
and health. But he said to me, O my cuinpnnion, by thy life, to- 
inoiTOw thou wilt lose ine, and never in tliy life wilt thou see mo 
again. — And how so ? said I. He answered me. This day they 
will bury my wife, and they will bury me with her in the sepulelire ; 
for it is our cuttom in our country, when the wife dieth, to buiy 
with her her husband alive ; and when the hiisbond dieth, thoy 
burj- with him his wife alive ; that neither of ihcm may enjoy life 
after the other. I therefore said to htm, By Allah, this custom is 
exceedingly rile, and none can endure it ! — And while we were tlius 
convening, lo, most of the people of the city came, and proceeded 
to console my companion for the toss of his wife and for himself. 
Tbey began to prepare her body for burial acconling to their cus- 
tom, brought a bier, and carried the woman inil, with all her apparel 
and ornaments and wealth," taking the husband with them; and 
they went forth with them to tlie outside of the city, and came to a 
place in the side of a mountain by the sea. They advanced to a 
spot there, and lifted up &om it a great stone, and there ap{>earcd, 
beneath the place of this, a margin of stone, like the mai^n of 
a «^ Into thb tbey threw down that woman ; and lo, it was a 
great pit beneath the mountain. Then they brotiglx the man, tied 
him beneath bis bosom by a rope of fibres of the palm-tree, and lei 
him down into the pit. They also let down to him a great jug of 
sweet water, and seven cakes of bread ; and when they had let him 
down, be loosed himself from the rope, aitd tlicy drew it up, and 
corend the mouth of the pit with that great stone as it was before, 
and went thnr ways, leaving my companion with his wife in the pit. 
^So I nid within miF*Sielf, By Allah, this death is more gTie%'Dus 



46 THE FOURTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



But a short time had elapsed after that when my wife fell 
sick, and xlic remained so a. few days, and died. So the greater 
number of die people a:<!<cinbled to console me, and to coiihiiIc her 
£imily for her death ; and the King also came to console me for tlie 
loss of her, as was their custom. Tlicy tlien brought for her a 
n'oman to wash licr, nnd they washed her, and decked her with the 
richest of her apparel, and ommnpnts of gold, and necklaces 
and jewels. And when they Imd attired my wife, and put her 
in the bier, and carried her and gone with her to that mountain, 
and lifted up the stone from tlic mouth of the pit, and cast her into 
it, all my companions, nnd lliu fiimily of my wife, advan«-d to bid 
me farewell and to console me for the loss of my life. I was crying 
out among them, I am a foreigner, and am unable to endure your 
custom 1 But they would not hear what 1 said, nor pay any r^ard 
to my words. They laid hold upon mc and bound mc by force, 
tying witi) me seven cakes of bread and a jug of swe«t water, accord- 
ing to their custom, and let mc down into that pit. And lo, it was 
a great cavern beneath that mountain. They said to me, Jjoon 
tlij-sclf from the rope*. But I would not loose myself. So they 
threw the ropes down upon me, and covered the mouth of the pit 
with the great stone Utat was upon it, and went tlicir ways. I be- 
held in that cavern many dead bodies, and their smell was putrid 
nnd abominable ; and I blamed myself for that which I had done, 
saying, By Allah, 1 deserve all that happenetii to me and befalleth 
niel 1 knew not night from day; and 1 sustained myself with 
little fuofl, not eating until hunger almost killed me, nor drinking 
until nty thirst became violent, fearing the exhaustion of the food 
and water tliat I had with me. 1 said. There is no strength nor 
power but in Ood, the High, the Great! Wlint tempted mc to 
marry in tliis city f And every time lliat I say, I luivc escaped 
from n ohiamity, — 1 &1I into a caUmity that is more mighty tlion the 
preceding one ! By Allah, my dj-ing ihis death is unfortunate ! 
Would tliat I had been drowned in the sea, or had died upon the 
mountains I It had heeu better for mo than this evil death ! — And 
I entuinuod in this manner, blaming myself. I laid niji-»elf down 
u]»in the b«u)e-s of the dead, begging aid of God (whose name be 
(^xallrd I), and wished for death, but 1 found it not, by reason of 
the m>\-crity of my sufleiings. Tlius 1 remained until hanger bttmt 



TUK FOOBTH VOYAGE OP ES^INDIBAD OF THE SEA. 47 



mv stomAcb, and Unrst inflamed me ; wbea I ist, ^ti tA far die 
bread, uid aU a liUle of it, and I swallowrd after it a tittle water. 
Tfa«B I rase and stood up, and walked about tbeadea of tbrcann; 
and I fuoDd that it mm spadoos nkwrnji, aad witb vacant ca arit iaa ; 
but uptm its bottom wen mmenaa dead bo&a, aad maea tnaw, 
that had lain there &om old tunes. And iqno this I made far bt- 
•clf a place in a side of tlw cawn, nmoCe bva the &aJt eotpaes, 
and there I slept. 

At let^th ray provision became greatly dniriniAed. Ittle re> 
inriTii"g with me. Donng ca^ day, or in more dan • day. I haJ 
oaten but once, and drunk ooc dnui^t, feafing tke r Kh aoit ina W 
the water and faod that was with na befare mj death ; aad I enaad 
not to do tints until 1 was sitiii^ one day, and while I sat, mrdrlat- 
iag upon my case, thinkn^ what I •bo«kl da wfaca my faod nA 
wster were exhanstod. loi Uh umm of rack was rrmowiJ fina iia 
pbee, and the light bcMoed down opan me. So I said, Wlat am 
be the natter! And behold, the people were sanding ai the top 
of the pit, and they let down a dead man with Us wifa wiA hnn 
aliTe, and she was weeping and cryii^ out far herself i and (hey kt 
down with her a hufc qnanti^ of fiiod and water." I bw A* 
woman ; but she saw not me; and they corered the movth of the 
pit with the stone, and went their wi^v. Thai 1 1 
in my hand a loi^ hone of a dead man, I went to the ' 
struck her upon tbe middle of the head ; w hereup on Ac faO daws 
•enariesa; and I struck her a second and a thud tiaM^i 
Sol took bcr bread and what dse ^e bad,iad Ij 
abundance of ornaments and nmarel, BeeUMm 
■iiify,»l«. And having taken the water and food that was with he^ 
I aat in a place that I had prepared in a side at the csrcn. 
wliGTcin to sleep, and proceeded to cat a litlla at that faod, aa 
much only ss would sustain me, lest it should be e^Batad qoattiy, 
aad I should die of hunger and thinL 

1 remained in that cavesa a length of tnae} aad w Wus i ei tkaj 
bttried a corpse, I kiQed the penoo wlw wia boiied with it afisv, 
and look that person's faod and drink, to snfaat opoo it. nntil I waa 
•feeinng one day, and I awoke fomi my sleep, and hokn) 
make a otnsc in a side of the caren. So I said. What i 
be f I then aroso and walked towards it, taking with ■( 




bone of a dead num ; and when it wss sensible of mj presence, it 
ran vnj, and fied from me ; and \o, tl was a wild Wast. Bat I 
SaHowed it to tlic upper part of the cavern, and tliereupon a lig^iit 
a[^>eared lo toe from ■ naaH spot, like a star. Sometimes it ap* 
peared to mc, and sometimes it was coocvalod £rom me. Therefore 
when I saw it, I advanced tovrardu it; aitd the nearer I approached to 
it, the larger did the light from it appear tome. Soujiontliis I was 
convinced that it was a hole in that caTero, communicating with the 
open country ; and 1 said within mjsclf. There must be some cause 
for ibis : either it is a second mouth, like that from which they let 
ne down, or it is s fixmre in this place. I meditated in my mind 
a while, and adranced towards the light ; and lo, it was a perfumtion 
IB the back of that mountain, which the wild beasts had made, and 
thnngh which tbcy entered this place ; and they ate of lite dead 
bodies until titej were satiated, and went forth through thia perfo- 
ration. When I saw it, therefore, my mind was quieted, my soul 
was tranquillized, and my heart was at ease; I made sure of life 
after death, and became ns in a dream. Then 1 munaged to force 
my way through that perforation, and found myself on the slinre 
of the sea, upon a great mountain, which formed a barrier between 
the aea on the one side, and the ixhmd and city on the other, and to 
which no one coutd gain acces*-" So I praised God (whose name 
be exalted !), and thanked Him, and rejoiced exceedingly, and my 
be«rt was strengthened. I then returned through that perforation 
into the carcm, and removed nil the food and water that was in it, 
that I had spared. I also took the clothes of the dead, and clad 
myself in some of them, in addition to those 1 bad on me ; and 1 
look abundance of the things that were on the dead, consisting of 
vaiieties of necklaces and jewels, long necklaces of pearb, orna- 



50 THE FOURTH VOYAGE OK ES-SINDIBATJ OF THE SEA. 

ihou stctt, vmn nubincrg«-<l ; but I placed it upon a great plank, 
one of tlic plankit of ilie sliip, niiil (k-wttny and fctrtune akM mr, so 
that I landed upon this mountain, where I waiu^d for some ntie tn 
pass by and take me with him. — And I acquainted tbcni not willi 
tlic rvcuts tluit had befallen me in the city, or in the cavern; fearing 
tJtat tticre iiiighl be with them in tbt' ship some one from that city. 
Then I took forth and presented to the owner of ilie iihip a cornti* 
derable portion of my property, saying to him, O my mast/ir, tliou 
hast bevn the means of my e«cnpc from thU mountain : therefore 
receive from me this ns ii recompense for the favour which thsu hast 
<lnni.^ to me. But he wouUl not accept it from mc; and he said to 
me, W'c take nothing from any one ; and when we beliold a ship- 
wrecked person on the shore of the sea or on an island, we take him 
with us, and (bn\ him and f^vc Kim to drink ; and if he be naked, 
we clutlte him ; and when wc arrive at the port of safety, wc give 
liini something of our pn>perty ax a ]>rc3ent, and act Inwards him with 
kindness and favour for the sake of Qod, wltoKe name be exalted ! — 
So upon this I oflV-retl up praymt for tlie prolongation of his life. 

We ceased not to proceed on our voyage from island to island 
and from sea to sea. I hoped to escape, and was rejoiced at my 




TOE FOCBTH VOYAGE OT ES-SINOIUH OF THE SEA- 31 



HJiety ; but ctcit tinic tbat 1 reflected ttpoa ^ abode bi the cbvbb 
with mT mfir, tnv rouon left me. We poniml oar cMoae" aalfl 
wv uTiTcd «t llie Island of the Bell," whence we pcD tgeJe d *d the 
Island of Kek* in six da}m. Then we aaat to de KiifdaM «f 
Ki^ whidi 19 adfuent to Indi*, and in it are a Mine of knd, lad 
|daca where the Indian canr fnnrrth, and cxcdkHtoaifbar; tad 
iu Kin^ is a King of great dignitj, wttoae ■*■"■'■■■" exUtdctb orcr 
the I&land of the Bdl. In il i* a aty called the City ef the BJ," 
which is two dajrx* joomej in extenL — At length, ^ the |mvi- 
dence of God, we arnfed in nSetj at the atj at E^fiank, wWs» 
I boded, aod remabed a few dajs ; after whick 1 OBT In tk atj 
of Baghdad, and to my qoarler, and cnlered wtt bnac^ art n^ 
familv and my companian*. and made inqntna ig»p«ttiag tbem; 
and they rejoiced at mv nfr^, and cmigratubtcd mc I xmd all 
the cotmnoditiea that t had hcooghi with bkbi i^ ■wguDnes, pve 
alma and presents, and dad the o rp hn M and the widean; and 1 he> 
caate in a stale of the atnio»t joy and hap fin ea a, and r e t nmt d tn 
tay fbmer habit of an wriat i ng with *■—■*"* and tamgmiatm aad 
brothers, and jndnlnit^ in ^wrt and nwni i i rt. — Sodi win ^ 
most wunderfiil (^ the ercnia that bip peoed to me in iW csane of 
the fourth Toyage. But, O my brother. [O Stafbid of ibe Lnd,] 
sop thou with me, and obscrre thy cmtooi hj rrin;; tn mm lo- 
mocrow, when I will inl(»ni thee what h ap pened to ne md ' 
beJell me during the fifth voja^ ; Ibr it was more woadeditl 
extraordinaiy than the pnccdiog n^i^es. 

lie then ^«e utdcn to pieaent the pocter with a b undl ed | 
of gold, and the table was s|ncad, and the party siqiped ; after 
wMch they went their ways, woodeiing extremely ; each Mocj boi^ 
more extraordinary than the preeeding cue. Ea-SindihU the 
Porter went to bi6 house, and pamed the n^^ » the Mmmt joy 
and happiness, and in wonder ; and when the monB^ c^ae, and 
di fl ns cd its light and abooe, be arose and pufanwd die morni^ 
prayers, and walked on until be entered the borne of E*-Sindifaid 
of the Sea, and wished liim good wmnnjinr \^ Es-Sindibad of 
the Sea welcomed bim, and ordered Inm to at with him until the 
rest of bis campadoRs came. And they ate and drank, and en- 
joyed ihentehrca and were mefry, and con*ennlioa flowed rao^ 
among them. Then Ea-SinAad of tlv Sen bepn \m namiire, 
saying thus : — 




TUB FIFTH VOVAQK OF ES>SIHDIBA D OF THE SEA. 

Know, O my brothers, iKai whcu I returned &om the fourlli 
royiip,', luul became imuKTscd m sport and merriment and joy, and 
luitl fui^ltcn all Uwt I Itiul cxpvTicncnl, and what bad befallen mc, 
Mil) what 1 had xiiflcrtid, by reason of my cxcewive joy at tbv gain 
and pnilit nnd bcorfits that I h«! obtained, my mipd again sug- 
gmlml lu ti)c to travel, and to divert myself with t]ie siglit uf tlte 
cuuniriea uf oQwr people, and the islands. So I arose and medi- 
inted upon that subjt-ct, and bought pn.-cious good», suited for a 
iwik-voya|:e. 1 packc^l up the bales, and deported &om the city of 
Baghdad to the city of EI-Bafrah; and. walking along the bank of 
ttitf rtwr, 1 mil a great, hai»dsoin«, lofty reuel, and it plt»se«l mc ; 
whrreforr 1 purcltased it. Its apparatus wu new, and I birrd for 
it a niastvr and xaikm, owr whom I set my black sUrvs uud my 
pages as superintrndeuts, and 1 vmharkcd iu it my bales. And 
Ihrrv came to tne a eompany of mervhnnts, who also rmfaorked 



THE FIFTH VOYAGB OF E&-StNDIBA'0 OF THE SEA. 53 



their bales in it, and jMiyed inc birv. We set sail iu tlic utmost joy 
Mid happiness, and rejoicing in the prospcvt of juifety and gxin, and 
c«aAcd not to puraiie our voyi^e from isJand to island and from sea 
to sea, diverting ourselves with viewing tlie islands and towns, and 
landing at (hc^m und itclling and buying. Thua we cuntiniied to do 
until W(! arrivvd one day at a large island, destitute of inhabitanta. 
There was no person upon it : it was deserted and desolate ; but on 
it was an enormous white dome, of crest bulk ; and we landi^ to 
amuse oivselvcs with a sight of it, and lo, it whs a great egg of a 
rulth'. Now when tlie merchanUt li^i landed, an<I were diverting 
themselves with viewing it, not knowing that it was tlie e^ of a 
rukh'. they struck it with stones ; whereupon it broke, and there 
poured <iown from It a great quantity of liquid, and the young rukli* 
appeared within iL So they pulled it and took it forth firom the 
shell, and killed it, and took from it abundance of meat. I was 
then in the ship, and knew not of it, and tliey acquainted me not with 
that wluch they did. But in tlie mean unii' one of tlie passengers 
said to me, O my master, arise and divert tliyself with tlie sight of 
this egg which we imagined to be a dome. 1 therefore arose t» 
take a view of it, and found tho merchants striking the egg. I 
called oat to them. Do not this deed ; for tJic rukh' will come and 
demolish our ship, and destroy us ! But they would not hear my 
woTch^ 

And while t]iey were doing as above related, behold, tlic sun 
became concealed from us, and the day grew dark, and there oun^ 
over us a cloud bv which the sky was obscured. So we raised our 
heads to nee wluit had intervened between us and tlie 9un, and saw 
that tlie wings of tho rukh' were what veiled from us tliv sun's 
light, so that tho sky was darkened. And when the rukh' came, 
and beheld its egg broken, it cried out at us; whereupon its mate, 
the female bird, came to it, and they flew in circles over the sliip, 
crying out at us with a voice more vehement than thunder. So I 
called out to the nuisler and the uiIoi», and said to them, Push off 
the Tesscl, and seek safety before we [>erish. 'I'lie master therefore 
bastetted, and, ihc merchanis having emburkt-d, he loosed the ship, 
and we departed from that island. And when the rukh's saw that 
we had put forth to sea, they absented thcinscivcs trom us fcv a 
while. We proceeded, and made speed, dexirJng to escape from them, 
and to quit their country ; but lu, tln-y lud followed us, and they 




TUB FIFTH VOYAGK OF ES-«IMOI»At> OV TBB 9BA. 

Know, O niy bn>lhcr>, tliiit wlu^n I i%turiK-i] Tront the foiu 
voyage, aiid became imniem-d in spurt and iiicrriint-nL and joy, a 
hjid forgotten nil tliat I bad experienced, and wbat Imd befalleu n 
and what I hod suffcrL'd, by reason of my vxccssivc joy at tlio gd 
and profit and tKrnclits thnt I had obtained, my mind ngtdn » 
gcntvd to me to travel, and to divert myself with the siglit of t 
countries of other peoplo, and the islands. So I arose and me- 
taled upon that subjis:!, and bought precious goods, suited tat 
aca-voysgc. 1 packed up the bales, and departed irom the ^tjr 
Bjighditd to the city of El-Ba^mli ; and, walking along the bank 
tiiv river, I nw a great, handsome, lofty veMcI, and it pk-Mt-d m 
wberefortr I purcltadi-d it. lu apparatus W«s new, and 1 hired 1^ 
it a master and sailors, over whom 1 set my blai-k slaves and l 
pages as superintendents, and I embarked in it my bales, 
tJtrre came to me a compnnj of merclumta, who also emiiark 



54 TIIK FIFTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THK SEA. 



iiow approached ua, each of them having in its claws a liuge iiiaxx of 
rock from a mouiituJii; and. (lie male bird threw the rock Uiat 
lie had brought upon us. The master, however, stt-crcd away tho 
ship, aud tlie mass of rock inisHtrd hc-r hy a little space. It 
desceudcd into the sea bv the iihip, aud the ship went up with us, 
and down, bjr reason of tlic mighty plunging of the rock, and 
we beheld the bottom of the sen in coiisuquencc of ita vehonient 
force. Then the mate of tite male rukh' threw upon us the rock 
tliat she had brought, which was smaller than the furnier one, and, 
OS destiny had ordained, it fell upon the stem of the ship, aiid 
crashed it, nuiking the rudder fly into twenty pieces, and all that 
WHS ill the ship iK-caine suhmergt-d in the sea." 

I strove to save myself, inijielled by the sweetness of Ufc, and 
God (whose name be exalted!) placed within my reach one of the 
planks of tlie ship ; so I caught hold of it, and, having got upon it, 
began to row upon it witli my feet, and the wind and the waves 
helped me forward. The vessel had sunk near nn island in the 
niidtt of tlie sea, and destiny cast me, by permission of God (whose 
name be exalted !), to that island. I therefore landed upon it ; but 
I wu at my last breath, and in tlie state of the di>ad, from 
the violence of the fatigue and distress aud hunger and thirst tliat 1 
hod suffered. I then threw myself down upon the shore of the sea, 
and remained lying there a while, until my »oul felt at case, and my 
heart was tranquillixed, when I walked along the island, and saw 
that it resembled one of the gardens of Paradise, Its trees bore ripe 
fruits, its rivers were flowing, and its birds were warbling the 
praises of Him to whom belongeth might iind pennaiience. Upon 
that island was an abun<lanec of trees and fruits, am) varieties 
of flowers. So I ate of the fruits until I was satiated, and 1 drank 
of tliotte rivers until I was satisfied with drink ; and 1 praised God 
(whose name be exalted I) for this, and glorified Ilim. I then 
remained sitting upon the island till evening came, and night ap- 
proached; whereupon I anise; but I was like a ula'in nitui, by 
reason of tbtr latigue and fear that I had experienced ; and I heard 
not in tliat island a voice, nor did I see in it any person. 

I slept there without interruption until the morning, and tlien 
arose and stood up, and walked .iiuong the treen ; and 1 .law a streuin- 
lel," by which sat an old man, a comely person, who was clad from 



-^3 



-^.■' 



i.iii :. 



■1' 



y-t-^ :-J 



tl«f waisl downwards with a covering made of the leaves of trees. So 
I said within mj-self, Perhaps this old man hath landed upon this 
island and is one of the shipwrecked persons with whom the vessel 
fell to pieces, I then .ipproached him and tutlntcd him, and he re- 
turned the salutation byaaign, witlioutspi-aking; and 1 said to him, 

sheikh, what is the reason of thy sitting in tliis place f Where- 
upon he shook Ilia head, and xighed, nwA made a sign to me with 
his hand, as thou;;h he would say, Carry mo upon thy neck, 
and transport me from this place to th« other side of the streamlet. 

1 tlicrcforc said witliin myself, I will act kindly with this person, 
anti tnin»port him to this place to which he dcsireth to go: perhajM 
I shall ohlitin for it it reward [in h<^aven]. Accordingly I advanced 
to him, and look him upon my shoulder.*, and conveyed him to the 
plaee that he had indicated to me; when I said to him. Descend at 
tliinc case. But he descended not from nty sliotddcrs. Ue had 



SG THE FIFTH TOVAGE OF ES^lNDIliA^> OP THE SEA. 



twisted his legs round iDy n«:k, and I looked at them, and I •saw 
tbac tbcy were like the hidc' of tlic buSalo in blackness and rough- 
ness. So I WHS fri^fhtont-d k( him, and desired to throw liim down 
from my •houlders; liiit he prcjuifd upon my neck with his feet, 
and squeezed my throat, so that the world became black before my 
&CC, and 1 was unconscious of my existence, fidling upon tlie 
ground in a fit, like one dead, fie then raised his legs, and beat 
nie upon my back and my Kboulders; and 1 suffered violent pain; 
wherefore I rose witli him. He still kept hist seat upon my slioul- 
ders, and I bad become fati^cd witb bearing him ; and he mmlt- a 
sign to me that I should go in among the trees, to the best of tlie 
fruits. When I di.tobeyed him, he iiilllcted upon me, with his feet, 
blows more violent than those of whips ; aud he ceased not to 
direct me with his hand to cvcrj' place to which he desired to 
go, and to that place I went with him. If I loitered, or went 
leisurely, he beat mc; and I was as n captive to him. Wo went 
into the miiUt of the island, among ihct trees, and be descended not 
from my sboulden by night nor by <Iny : when he desired to sleep, 
be would wind his legs round my neck, and sleep a little, and then 
be would arise and beat me, whereupon I would arise with him 
quickly, unable to disobey him, by reason of the severity of that 
which I suffered from him ; and 1 blamed myself for bavin;; taken 
him up, and having hiul pity on him. 1 continued with him in this 
condition, enduring the most violent faliguc, and said within myself, 
I did a good act unto this person, and it bath become lui evil 
to myself! By Allah, I will never more do good unto any one as 
long as I live ! — I begged of God (whose name be exalted !), at every 
period and in every hour, that I might die, in consequence of the 
exceanvc fittigue and distress that I suffered. 

Thus I remainc<I for a length of time, until I carried him one 
day to a place in the island where I found an abundance of pump- 
kins, many of which were dry. Upon this I took s large one that 
was dry, and, having opened its upper extremity, and cleansed it, 
1 went with it to a grape-vine, and filled it with the juice of 
tbo grapes. I then stopped up the aperture, and put it in the sun, 
and left it for some days, until it had become pure wine ; and every 
day I used to drink of it, to help myself to endure the fatigue tliat 
I underwent with tliat obstinate devil ; for whenever I was intoxi- 



THE nrra votage of es^sinoiu'd w the sea. 57 



rated oT tt, DT nwr^ w rti— gth e D ra - So, Mna^ nr obc mt 
drinlcin^, he mule a nga v> me wtdi tm ImmI, as tboi^ he wodd 
airr. What » this F And I aewrnd Urn, Tim h taacAtBr 
afiRv^lc, that innsoratrth the bntrt, and dilaieth the mliid. This 
I na whh hoD, and daoad anaag the tms; I waaeKkOoatod I9 
intoxicatian, and dapped mj htmit^ and ai^ aad vis iOffcL 
TberHbnr wfacn hr brhdd me hi thaa state, he Bade a sgn lo lae to 
haBd nnn tor paDpkiB, tnt he Bight dnnk nun it ; an) 1 Maeed 
htm, and gave it to him ; whereupon he dxank what '■»■■— ^ oi it. 
and threw it npcn the ^Dond, and, bctag mond with 
bqpn to ahake upon mr ibimlden. He then beam 
and dfvwned in inioxicaaan ; aD hit p ''t* t _ and the nwriea ^ his 
wdra, became relaxed, «ad he htpn la Iran hvm side ta mde 
■tpa D^ ahooUmk So whni I knew that Ik wtm dmaki aad that 
he was xneaaaaous of existence, I pat mj hand to hia fcet. and 
hioaed them from mj Deck. Then 1 >tooped wiUi han, aad m 
down, aad threw him npcm the ground. I acaocd; befiercd that 
I bad liberated raj^clf aad carapcd from the staic in which 1 bad 
been ; bat t tarrd hitn, k»t be should ari«e bam bis iatoxieatido, 
aad tonncnt mr. I ihercfow took a gnmt ibbm of stoae from 
among the tiees, nad, cnmisg to bim, suuck him upon his bead as 




rm^ HI. 1 



58 



THE FIFTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDFBA'D OF THE SEA. 



he liij iLtleep, to thai hix fleiih became luingled will) bis blood, &d(1 
L« was killed. May no mercy of God be on liim ! " 

After thAt I w<ilki-d nbout lliv island, with a happy inin<l, and 
csnic to the placv wht-rc I wii.t before, on the shore of the sea. And 
I remained upon that island, eating of its fruits, and drinking 
of thp water of its rivers, for a length of time, and watching to see 
son>e veuol parsing by me, imlil I was Kitting one day, reflecting 
upon the events that had befallen me and happened to me, and I 
said witiiin myself, I wondtr if Ci<wl will preserve nic in safety, and 
if 1 shall rclum to my country, and meet my family and my 
companions. And lo, a vessel approached from the midst of the 
roaring sea agitated with waves, and it ceased not in its course until 
it anchored at Uiat inland; whereupon the pas^itngers landvil iher«. 
So I walked towards tliem ; and when they beheld me, tliey all 
quickly approached me and assembled around me, inquiring re- 
specting my state, ftn<l the eausc of my coming to that island. 
I tlierefore acquainted them with my case, an<l with the events that 
had befallen me ; whereat thoy wondered extremely. And Ihcy said 
to mC| Tills man w)io rode upon thy sbouMcrs is called the Old Man 
of the Seu, and no one ever was beneath his limbs and e^apcd from 
him exce[>ting thee; and praise be to God for thy safety! Then they 
brought me some food, and I ate until I was satisfied ; and tliey 
gave me suniv clothing, which I put on, covering myself decently. 
After thisi they took me with tliem in tlie ship ; and when we had 
ptoceeded days and nights, destiny drove us to a city of lofty 
buildings, all the houses of which overlooked llie sea. Thai city is 
caller) the City of lite Apes; and when tlie night cometh, tlie 
people who residv in it go forth from the doors that open upon the 
sea, and, embarking in boats mid ships, pass the night upon the sea, 
in their fear of tlte apes, le^t they should cumit down upon them in 
Uie night from the mountains." 

I landed to divert myself in this city, and the sliip set sail 
witliout my knowledge. So 1 repented of my hiiving landed there, 
remembering my companions, and what had befallen then) from 
the apes, first and afterwards; and I sat weeping and mourning. 
And thereupon a man of tlie inluibitanis of the city advanced 
lo me and said to me, O my master, it secmeth that tliou art 
a stranger in this country. I therefore reiilied. Yes: I am a 



THE FIFTH VoVAGE OV ES-S[.SDIBA'D OP THE SEA. S& 



stnagcT, aud a poor man. I wax in a xliiji which anchored at 
this city, and I landed from it to divert myself in the city, and 
rotumcd, bat mw not the ship. — And he aaid, Arise and como 
with us, and emhark in the boat ; fur if thou rt-mnin in the city 
during the night, thu aynn will di^tmy tht-u. Su I rejdicd, I hear 
and obey. I aro«c immediately, and embarked with the people 
in the boat, and thry pushed it off from tJic land until they had 
propcilcd it from tlit- sliurct nf tli« s(^a In tlio dixt^ico uf « iiiIU-. 
They pasaed the night, and I with tliem; and when the morning 
came, tbcy returned in the boat to the city, and laiidcd, and each 
of them Went to hi.-« <KCUpiition. Such hath l>een always tlieir 
rustoni, every night; and to every one of ibom who remaineth 
beliind in the city during the night, the apes come, and they destroy 
btm. In the day, tlic ape* go fortli from the city, and eat of the fmits 
in the gurtlenit, and sleep in the mountains until the (■vc-niug, wlu-n 
they retom to the city. And tliis city is iu the furthest parts of the 
eountry of the blacks. — Among the mont wonderful of the events 
tliiit happened to me in the treatmi-iit that I met with fi-um its inha- 
bitants, was this. A person of the party with whom I jiassed the 
night said (o ine, O my master, thou art a stranger in this country. 
Art thou skilled in any art witlt which thou mayest occupy tli>-9ielf f 
^And I answered him, No, by Allah, O my brother : I am 
acquainted witli no art, nor <lii I know huw to make anything. I 
was a merchant, a person of wealth and fortune, and I had a ship, 
my own property, laden with abundant wealth and goods ; but it 
was wTi'cked in the sea, and idl that was in it siuik, and I escaped 
not drowning but by the p^-nnission of God ; for He provided ine 
with a piece of a pliuik, uptm which 1 placed myself; aud it was the 
means of my escape from drowning. — And upon Utis the man arose 
andkroughtmeacottonbag, and said to me. Take this bug, miil fill it 
with pebbles from tins city, and go forth with a party of the inha- 
btlanbt. 1 will associate thee with tliem, and give them a charge 
respecting thee, and do thou as they sliall do. Perhaps ihoii will 
accomplish that by means of which thou wilt be assisted to make 
thy voyage, and to return to thy country. 

lliea that man took me and led nie forth from the city, and I 
picked up snial) pebbles, with which 1 filled that bug. And lo, a 
party of men came out from the city, and he associated me with 




thvm, tn^in^ tlicm a cliar^ respecting me, and saying to tliem, Tliis 
i» u nlraiigrr ; xu titkv him with you, and Ufxcii tiini the mode uf 
galhprin]f. Perltapit he: may ^ii llic mcanK of .sul»i-itence, and ye 
will obtain [from t'od] n reward and rccomju-nsc. — Aiid they re- 
plied) Wo hear and ohey. Tht^y wcicoiJifd me, and took nic with 
thvm, and proceeded, each of them ha\-ing a bag like mine, fillnl 
with pebble* ; and wc censed not to pursue our way until we arrivi'd 
at a wide valloy, wlu-rtin were many lofty trees, which no one cimld 
climb. In that valley were aUo many npeK, which, when they saw 
us, fled from us, and ascended those trees. Then the men bcgna 
to pelt the apes with the stones that they had vnih tliem in the 
bags ; upon which the ape* began to pluck off the fruits of those 
trees, and to throw tlicm at the men ; and I looked at the fruit* 
which tlic opes threw doM-n, and !o, they were cocou>ntits. There- 
fore when I bcljcld the party do thus, 1 chose a great tree, upon 
which were niaity apes, and, a<lvancing to it, i>rocceded to pelt tliosc 
apes with stones ; and tliey broke off nuu from the tree and threw 



THE Pinm VOTAOK OP ES^INUIBAH OF THE SEA. fil 



them »t me. So I collected tbem as lltc re«i of the partv did, and 
the stcmes were not exbsitiled &um my Iiag until I had collected a 
great quotftity. And when the panj' had ended this woric, thej 
^tbered tc^tfaer all thai was with thrin, and each of them carried 
off as many of the nats as he could." We then returned to the 
city during the remainder of the day, and I went to the man, my 
companion, who had associated me mtl) the par^, and gave him all 
that I bad collected, tbanldi^ hiro for his kindness. Bnt be nid 
to me. Take thc»e and sell them, and make use of the pric«. And 
afterwards he gnre me the key of a place in his hoaK, and said to 
me. Put here Hunf nuu that thou hast remaining with thee, and go 
forth every day with the parly aa thnu ha»t done ihi* day; and of 
wluit thou briogest, separate the bad, and sell them, and make use 
of their price : and the rest keep in thy posaesuon in this place. 
P^.'riinps thou wilt accumulate of them what will aid thee to make 
thv voyage.— So I replied. Thy reward is due frnm God, whoae 
name be exalted ! I did as he told me, and continued every day to 
fill the b^ with stones, and to go forth with the people, and do 
as they did. They used to commend me, one tu another, and to 
guide me to the tree upon which was abundance of fruit ; and I 
ceased not to lead llii^ life for a length of time, 90 that I collected 
a great quantity of good cocoa-nuts, and I sold a great quantity, 
the price of which became a large sum in my possession. I bought 
everything thai I saw and tliat pleased me, my time waa pleasant, 
and my good fortune increased tliroughoul the whole city. 

1 lemaiued in this state for some time; after which, as I was 
■tanding by the sea-side, lo, a vessel arrived at that city, and cast 
•ncbor by the shore. In it were mcrcliants. with their goods, and 
tbey proceeded to sell and buy. and to exdiange tlieir goods for 
cocoa-nuts and other things. So I went to my companion, informed 
him of tbo ship that bad arrived, and told him that I desired lo 
make the voyage to my country. And he replied. It is thine to 
determine. 1 therefore bade him farewell, an<l thanked him for 
his kindness to roe. Then I went to the ship, and, accosting the 
nuster, engaged with him for my passage, and embarked in that ship 
the cocoa-nuts and ol)i«r things that 1 had witli me, after which they 
set sail that same day. We oontinued our course from island to 
idand and Cram sea to »ca, and at every Island at which we cast 



ea 



THE FIFTH VOVAGi; OF ES-SINDIBA'J) OF TlIK SEA. 



findiiir I sold some of those cocoa-nuts, and exchanged; and God 
compensated mc with more lliaii I hud before possessed and lost. 
Wc ptuwcd by tin Islaiicl in which are ciiinnmoii «iid pepper," and 
smnv persons told us Unit they had seen, ujm)]] every hunch of pep- 
per, a large leaf that shadcth it and wardcth from it tlie rain wlicn- 
cs-er it mincth \ uiid when the rain cc;asL>th to fall upon it, the leaf 
turneth over from the bunch, and linngetli down by its side.** 
From that island I took with me a large quantity of pepper and 
cinnamon, in exchange (or cocoa-nuts. Wc passed also by the 
Island of El- Asirat, " which in that wherein is the Kamarcc aloes- 
wood. And after lliat, we passed by anotlier island, the extent of 
vrhicb is five days' journey, and in it is the Sanfec" aloes-tvood, 
which is superior Ui the Kaniaree ; but the iiihahitnnls of lliis island 
nn; wonw in condition and religion tlian llie inhabitants of the 
Island of the Kamarec aloes-wood; for they love depravity and the 
drinking of wines, and know not the cflll to prayer, nor the net of 
prayer. " And wc cjtuie iifter thai tii tiie penrUfisheries ; where* 
u]>on 1 gave to the divera some cocoa-nuts, and said to tliem, Dive 
for my luck and lot. Accordingly ihey dived in the bay " there, 
and brought up a great number of largo and valuable pearls ; and 
thoy said to mc, O my master, by AUali, tliy fortimc is good ! So 
X took up into the ship what tliey ha<l brought up for me, and we 
proceeded, relying on the blessing of God (whose name be exalted I), 
and continued our voyage until wc arrived at El-Basrah, where I 
landed, and remained n short time. 1 then went thence to the city 
of Baghd&d, entered my iiuarter, came to my house, and saluK-d tny 
family and companions, who congratulated me on my safety. I stored 
all the goods and commodities that I liod brought with me, clothed 
the oqibans and the widows, bestowed alms and gifU, and made 
presents to my Ciniily and my eonipniiions and my friends, (iud 
had compensated me with four times as much us I had lost, and I 
{orgpt what had liappened to me, and the fatigue that t had suffered, 
by reason of the abiindimee of my gain and profits, un<l resumed my 
first habita of familiar intercourse and fellowship. — Such were the 
most wonderful things that happened to me in the course of the 
fifth' voy^e: but sup ye, and to-morrow come again, and 1 will 
relate to you the events of the sixth voyage ; fur it was more won* 
dcrful than this. 



THE FIFTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



63 



ITien thvy xpn-ad the table, ami llio jiarly supped ; and when 
they had finished their supper, Es-Siiidibad of tlie Sea gave orders 
to present Ks-Sindibml the Porter with a hundred pieces of gold : 
so he took thcin and departed, wondering At t]nt ail'iiir. He piuutcd 
the night in his abode, and vihen tlie nioniing canie, he arose and 
performed the mornin^-prayors ; after which he walked to the 
house of K«-Sindibad of the Sen, went in to him, and wixhed him 
gotKl morning; and Es-Sindibdd of the Sea ordered him to sit. He 
therefore sat with him, and lie ceased not to convene with him until 
the rest (rf liis companion* eunie. And tli(;y conversed togellier, 
and the ser^'anljt spread the tal}le ; and the parly ate and drank, and 
enjoyed themselves aud were motry. Then Es-Sindibtid of the Sea 
bf^an to relate to them Uie story of the sixth voyage, saying to 
thero, — 





THE SIXTH VOVAOe OF ES^tNOIBA'D OF THE SEA. 

Know, O my brothers and my friends and my compnnions, that 
when I returned from thai fifth voyttgd and fot^ot what 1 had suf- 
fered, by reason of nport and merrimenl and enjoyment and gaycty, 
and VfiH in a utale of Itie ulninitl joy and happiness, I continued 
tlius until I was sitting one day in exceeding d<?light and happiness 
nnd gayety ; and while I sat, lo, a pnrty of merchanU camv to me, 
bearinj; Lite miirlcs nf travel. Ami upon this I renu-inliered tlie Anyst 
of my return from travel, and my joy at meeting my family and 
companions and friends, and at entering my country ; and my soul 
longed Again for travel and commerce. So I determined to set 
forth. I bougitt for myself precious, sumptuous goods, suitable 
for the sea, packed up my bales, und went from the city of Ilagh- 
diA to the city of El-Dasrah, where I beheld a large vessel, in 
which wcr*' merchants and great men, and with them were precious 
goixj*. I therefore embarked my bnles with them in llii» ship, und 
we departed in safety from the city of El>na».rah. We continued 
our voyage from place lo place and from city to city, selling and 



TIIE SIXTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINUIBA'D OF THE SEA. 65 



buying, and diTerting ounelvci with viewing; diflcKnt countries. 
Furtune and the vuyngv were plcn»nt lo ux, and nc gained our 
BubsUtence, until we wcrv prueeeding one day, and lo, tlie master 
or the ship vociferated and colled out, threw down his turban, 
slnppcd hi» faee, plucked his beard, and fell down in thv hold of 
the ship by reaxoti of the violence of his grief and rage. So all the 
merchants and otlier passengers came together to him and said to 
him, O master, what is the matter ? And he answered tliem, 
Know, O compiany, that we hare w-sndcred from our course, bavii^ 
passed forth from the sea in which we were, and entered a sea of 
which we know nut tlie routes ; and if God appoint not for us some 
means of effecting our escape from this sea, we all perish : tlierefore 
pray to God (whose name bo exalted!) that He may save us from 
this case. Then the master arose and ascended the mast, and de- 
sired to loose the sails ; but (he wind became violent upon (lie ship, 
and drove her back, and her rudder broke near a lofty mountain; 
whereupon the master descended firom the mast, and said. There is 
no strength nor power but in God, tlic Higli, the Great ! Ko one 
is able to pre%'ent what is predestined ! By Allah, wc have fallen 
into a great peri), and there reniaincth to us no way of safety or 
eacapc from it !— So all the passengers wept for tltemselves : they 
bade one another farewell, because of the expiration of their lives, 
aad their hope was cut off. The vessel drove upon that moun- 
tain, and went to pieces ; its phinks were scattered, and all that was 
in it was submei^d ; tiie merchants fell into tlie sol, and some of 
them were drowned, and some caught bold upon that mountain, 
and landed upon it. 

I was of the number of those who landed upon the mountain ; 
and lo, williin it was a lni;ge island." By it were many vessels 
broken in pieces, and upon it were numerous goods, on the sliorc of 
the aea, of the things thrown up by the sea from tlie ships lluit had 
been wrecked, and the passengers of which had been drowned. 
Upon it was an abundance, that conrouiidcd the reason and the 
mind, of commodities and wealth that the sea cast u[>on its shores. 
1 ascended to tlie upper part of the island, and walked about it, and 
I betield in the midst of it a stream of sweet water, flowing forth 
from beneath the nearest part of ihe mountain, and entering at tlie 
lurthetit part of it, on the opposite side [of the valley]." Then all 



06 THE SIXTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THU SEA. 



thv othrr peiMcn^rs went ovor tliat mouiiuii) t(> [th« inWri<)r of] 
the iMliirid, un<l <lbi{ierse<l tlteniselvM about it, and their reason was 
confounditl at that which ihcy beheW. Thej became like madmen 
b>' reason of what they saw upon ittc islaud, of commodities mid 
wealth lying on the shore of the sen. 1 beheld also in the midst of 
tlic abovi^mt^itioncd stream on abundance of various kiuds of 
jewels and minerals, with jacinths and large pearU, suitable to 
Kings. They were like gravel in the channels of the water whicli 
flowed through the fields ; and all tlie bed of tliot stream glittered 
by reason of the great number of minerals and other thii^ that it 
contained. We likewise saw on that island an abundance of tlie 
best kind of Sanfcc" aloes-wood, aiid Kamaree aloes-wood. And 
in that island is a gushing spring of crude ambergris, which fioweth 
like wax over the side of that sprii^ liirough tliv violeucv of tlic 
bcAt of the sun, and sprcadeth upon the sea-shore," and the mon- 
sters of the deep" come up from the sea and snnllow it, and 
descend with it into the sea; but it becomelh hot in their stomachs, 
tlierefore th«y ejiM^I it &oni their mouths into the sea, and it eon- 
gcaletlt (Ml the surface of the water. Upon this, its colour and its 
qualities become changed, and the waves cast it up on the shore of 
tlbe sea : so the travellers and merchants who know it take it and 
sell it. But OS to tlie crude ambergris that is not snallowed, it 
iloweth over thi^ side of tluit fouiitaiu, and congt-aletli ufKifl Ok 
ground ; and when the stm abineth upon it, it raelteth, and from it 
tJie odour of the whole of that valley beeometh like the odoar of 
mu^. Then, when the sun witJidrawetli from it, it coogealeth 
again. The place wherein is this crude ambergris no one can enter ; 
no one can gain access to tt : for the mountain surroundcth that 
Rland." 

We continued to vander about the bland, diverting ourselves 
with the view of the good things which Ood (whose name be ex- 
alted!) had created upon it, and perplexed at our case, and at the 
things that we bvheltl, and afTecied with noleni fear. We Itad cnl> 
lected upon the shore of the sea a small quantity of provisions, aud 
we used it sparingly, eating of it every day, or two days, only one 
neal, dreading the exiiaustion of our stock, and our dying in 9ot- 
row, from llie violence of hunger and fear. Each one of us iliat 
died we washed, and stirouded in some of the clotiies and linen 



THE SIJCTH TOT AGE Ot BS-aXDOA'D OP THE SEA. 67 




wluch the «• CMt apon the dtoK of Oe 
until «gre«i nmilRr af nshadfied, aad Aerei 
waaS p«rtT( who wett irMkra«) far a cxiliek < 
Afirr this, wr rrBuiaml a short poiod, sad all bi; i 
compwtioDs died, oae after another, and each of ihcai who fied ve 
boiicd. Then I waa aloae ob Aat wimi, aad then MMued with 
top bat tittle o( the pww T Mw u , after then had bM« mnA, So F 
wrpt br wjadt, and »d, W««ld that I had Aed beftce a^ earn' 
Mjuou, and that ther had wa^todae aadbnied mat Thetviana 
■tivngth nor power bnt in God, the ^%fa, the Great ! — Aad I r- 
inaiDeds ahcvt time Imi^n; after wbich I anoe and da; far a^jalf 
a drrp grrnn un the ifaorr of the tdand. and cud withia Bjsd( 
When I bO ack, and kwnr thai death hath cane to aae. I wiU Se 
down in lUa gtxn, aad die in it, and the wind «3I blow the and 
upon Bte, andcofcrme; aol AdbeeoaebiiiMd ntk.** i: 
niToelf lor ibt Utlk aenar, and air goiag txth bam mj < 
IDT citj, and mj rajnging to tocvt^ e o na tf i ea , after what 1 had 
wJ i er e d in the &nt instaaee, and the sccoaid and the third and the 
bmA and the fifth; and when i had itot perfixBod onei td mj 
ro f ag a vilkoai idfartig b it bomn and diilw ■aie noaM e 
Mane and man difficnlt than the bocras pmwidiag. I befimd 
■ot that I could cacape and ari« BBjaeU; and f gpcate d' 
faig aca-To y agca, and oTbit- irtuining In line Gfewhen I 
want at wealth, hot had ahamd^ae^ ao that I canid 
what I had, nor spend half of it dnnaj; the teat at mj fife; 
enoopi ibr Miat ana naita thaa twanffu 

Than lataJtataJin mj mimi, ami nd, TUa nm vnat hnf« « 
hegianing and an etid, and it aaast hare a plirg at agrtm into an 
Taliahil i il eoiuUiy. The ri^l plot in miy afiBDOB will be fame id 
eonalniei far m5«elf a small raft,'* of aafidatt aie far Me to Mt 
upon it, aad I win po down and caM it 1901 chia rivo; and depart 
on it. If I find aaJetr. I un •■&, and eacape. In- perPUHMn of God 
(whoM name he exalted!); and if 1 fiful mi «^ of aai^ aj«^ it 
w3] be better far aie to die in tUa nwr than ia this place." — And 
I ai^cd Ibr mrselil Thro I aroae and west and coQeetcd piecea of 
wood that wrrc upon that islaBd, of Sanfee** aad Kamaree aloca- 
WDod^and boond them ^pon the Aon of tbeaea with acaaeof Hm 
npt* of the iUpa thai had bean wtcckcd; and I bno^ aa^ 




68 THE SIXTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIIU'D OF THE SEA. 

Strait planks, of Uic planks of the ships, find placed them upon those 
pieces of wood. 1 mndo the ra(^ to suit the widtli uf the river, less 
wide than tliv latU-r, and bound it well and finnly ; and, ha\'ing 
taken with me some of those minerals and jewels and goods, and uf 
the Urge pearls that were like gravel, as welt as other tilings thiit 
were ujion the island, and some of tlic crude, pure, excellent am- 
beigris, I put them upon thnt raft, witli all lliat I had collected 
upon the island, and took with me what remained of the pro\-i8ions. 
I then launched the raft upon the river, made for it two pieces of 
wood like oars, and acted in accordance with the following saving 
of one of the poets : — 

Deliart (Voni s place wh«rvin ia oppr«Mioii, and Icnni llic houN to tell It* 

buitdcr'n fnts ; 
For thou wilt find, for the knit tluit ihuu quittctC, anoUieri but no soul wilt 

thou tiiid (u n-placr tliiiic own. 
Gritva nol on account of nocmmiJ colamilioi ; lincc rvrrj alBictiaD itill hare 

iu end 1 
And lie who*c deatli is dccrred to Uk« plaM iu one land will out <li« in an; 

land but Ibnl. 
Sond nol 111}' niCMriignr on an cminil of importonoe; for the wul hath no 

faithful minister uvc ilwlf. 

I departed upon the raft along the river, me<litaUng upon what 
might be tlic result of ray case, and proceeded to the place where 
the river entered beneath the mountain. I propelled the raft into 
that place, and became in itit«n»c darkness within it, and the ntt 
continued to carry me in with the current to a narrow place beneath 
the mountain, where the sides of ilie raft rubbed against the sides 
of the channel of the river, and my head rubbed against the roof of 
the cIianiR'l. I was unable to return thence, and I blamed my»elf 
for that which I had done, and Kiiid, If thiii place become narrower 
to the raft, it will jtcarcely pau through it, and it cannot return : so 
I shall perish in thb place in sorrow, inevitably 1 1 threw myself 
upon my face on the ntA, on account of the narrowncw of the 
channel of the river, and censed not to proceeil, without knowing 
night from day, by rcsHon of the darkneitt in which 1 was involved 
beneath that mountain, tc^etber with my terror and fear for myself 
Ie«t I sliould perish. In this state I continued my course Along the 
river, which sometimes widened and at other times contracted; but 




tito iotnuin of the darknen wcBiicd vat excMsirely, And slumber 
OTercame me in consequence of tfae riotencc of m; dutnss- So I 
' Ur upon tuT face on die riit, which ci'asrd uoi lo bear ne aloag 
while I tlept, utd knew not whether the tiin« wu long or short." 

Al length I awok>r, and found injsrlf in the light; and, opening 

mj eyta, I beheld an cxteoaJTe tract, and the raft tied to the shore 

of an island, and around me a company of Indians and [people 

like] Abysanians. Wlicn tbcy saw that I had arisen, they rose 

^and came In me, and spoke tt> inc in their Ungiuge ; bat I knew 

'not wliat they said, and imagined that it was a dream, and that this 

occurred in sleep, by reason of the riulcncc of my distress and rex- 

And when they npokc to me and I imderstood not thnr 

Lipeedi, and returned tliem not an answer, a man amooj? them ad- 

f.Tancod to me, and said to me, iu the Arabic lauguagr. Peace be on 

thee, O our brother ! Mliat an thou, and whence hast thou come, 

what is the cause of tliy coming to this place ! We are people 

nof the aown lands and the fields, and we came lo irrigate our fields 

and our sown lands, and found iht-c asleep on the raft : so we laid 

bold upon it, and tied it here by us, waiting for tJicc to arise ai thy 

leisure. Ti-U us then what is the cause of thy coming to thia place. 

— I replied, 1 coiyim thee by Allah, O my master, that thou brii^ 



70 THE SIXTH VOYAGE OK ESSINDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



tne tome food ; for I Bin hun^' ; luid after thai, &sk of me con- 
cerning wliat titou wilL And tliereu[>on he basiened, and bixmghl 
me food, and I ate until I was satiated and was at case, and my fear 
subsided, my satiety was abundant, and my soul retttmcd to me. 
I therefore praised G<id twli<>»e name be exalted !) for all that hnd 
occurred, rejcHcing at my having come forth &x>m that river, and 
havingcome to these people; andlnct^uninled tlirm with all tltut had 
happened to nic Grom beginning to end, and witli wliut [ Iwd expo- 
ricucvd upon lliat river, and its luurowness. They then talked 
together, and said. We must take him with us and present him to 
our King, that he m<ty Requnint him with what hnth happened to 
him. Accordingly they tonic me with them, and coiivc!ye<i with me 
tlie raft, together with all lliat was upon it, of riches and goods, 
and jewels and minerals, and ornaments of gold, and they took mc 
in to their King, who wii» the King of Sariindecb," and acijtanintcd 
him with what had huppened; whereupon he siduted mc and 
welcomed me, and asked me respecting my state, and n^^pecting 
the events thnt had hii{)peiicd to mc. I therefore acquainted him 
with alt my story, and what 1 Iiud experienced, from first to last; 
and tlie King wondered at this narrative extremely, and congratu- 
lated nie on my safely. Then I arose and took forth from the raft 
a quantity of tlio minerals and jewels, and aloes-wood and crude 
nnihergrix, and gave it to the King; ajul he iicccpted it fi^om me, 
and treated me with exceeding honour, lodging me in « place in hie 
abode. I associated with the best and the greatest of the people, 
who paid mc great respect, and I quitted not the abode of the 
King." 

The island of Sarandeeb is under the equinoctial Hue;" ils night 
being always twelve hours, and its dny also twelve hours. Its length 
is eighty leagues) tuid it-t broitdih, thirty; and it cxtendcth largely 
between a lolVy mountiiin and a deep vxlley. This mountain is seen 
from a distimce of ihree day*, and it cotitaineth varieties of jacintlis, 
and diflerent kinds of minerals; and ti'ees of all »orts of spices, imd 
its surface is covered with emery, wherewith jewels arc cut into 
shape : in its rivers also are diamonds, and pearls arc in its valleys, 
lucendcd to the summit of the mountain, and diverted myself with 
» view of its wonders, which are not to he descnhcd; and after- 
wards 1 returned to iJic King, and begged hiin to give me per- 



THE SIXTH TOVAGE OF ES-SIN'DIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



71 




miuioii to return to m^ country." He gave me [>ermU8noa alter 
great pressing, and bestowed upon me an abundant present &oin his 
treasuries ; and he ga%-e mc a present and a sealed letter, sajiiif to 
mf. Convey these to the Khalcvfeh Uaroon £r-Rasheed, and girc 
ny salutationit from us. So I replied, I hear and ahcy. llieQ 
for me a letter on skin of the khawee," which is finer 
dian parchntent, of a yellowish colour; atid the writing was in 
altramitrine. And llic form of what he wrote to the Khalccfeh was 
this:— Peace be on lliec, from the King of India, before whom arc 
a thousand elephants,** and on the battlements of whone palace are 
a thousand jewels. To proceed : we have sent to thee a trifling 
present: accept it then from us. Thou art to us a brother and sin- 
cere friend, and the affection for jou that is in our hearts b great : 
therefore (avour us by a reply. The present is not suited to thy 
dignity ; but we beg of tliee, O brother, to sccept it graciously. 
And peace be on thee ! — And the present was a cup of ruby, a span 
high, the iiisido of which was embellished with precious pearls; and 
■ bed covered wtlh tlie skin of the serpent that swallowcth the 
elephant, which ^in bath spots, each like a piece of gold, and who- 
soever sitteth upon it never becometh diseased;" and a hundred 
thousand mithkuls of Indian aloes-wood ; and a slave-girl like tiie 
sliining full-moon. Then he bade mc {orcwell, and gave a charge 
respecting mc to the merchants and the master of the slup. 

So I departed thence, an<I wc continued our voys^ from island 
to island and from country to eountrj' until we arrived at Bagft- 
dad, whereupon I entered my house, and met my femily and my 
brethren ; after which 1 took the present, with a token of service &om 
myself for the Khalccfeh. On entering his presence, I kiiecd his 
band, and placed before him the whole, giving him the letter; ai>d 
he read it, and took the present, with which he was greatly re- 
joiced, and he treated me with the utmost honour. Ue then said 
to me, O Sindihad, is that tme which tliis King hath stated in his 
letter F And I kissed the ground, and answered, O my lord, I wit- 
nessed in his kingdom much more than he hath mentioned in his 
letter. On the day of his public appearance, a throne is set for him 
upon a huge elephant, eleven cubits high, and he sitteth upon it^ 
baring with him his chief officers anil pages and guests, standing in 
two ranks, on his right and on bis left. At liis head Mlandctli a 



72 THE SIXTH VOYAGE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OP THK SEA. 



matt Iiaving m his hand a golden javelin, and behind Iiiin n man in 
whose hand is n great mocc of gold, at the lop of which is an 
emerald a span in length, and of tho thickness of a thumb. And 
when he raountctli, thore mount at the same lime with him a thou- 
sand horsemen clad in gold and silk ; and as tlic King procordclh, 
a moil before him proclainieth saying, This is the King of great 
dignity, (if high imthority! And he proceedelh to repeat his praises 
in tcmia tliat 1 rt-metnbi-r not, at the end of his paui'^yrick smying, 
Thi« is the King the owner of the crown the like of which neither 
Sulcynian nor the Mihraj posse«scd ! Then he is silent; and one 
behind hini proclaJnietli saying, He will die! Again 1 say, He. will 
die! Again I say, lie will die! — And the other auth, Extolled lie 
tile perfection of the Living who dieth not ! " — Moreover, by reason 
of his justice and good government and intelligence, there is no 
Kidee in lii.t eity ; and all the people of his country distinguish tlie 
trulli from falsity. — And the Khaleefeh wondered at my wools, and 
said, How great is this King ! His letter hath shewn me this j and 
as to the greatness of his dominion, thou hast told us what thou 
host witnessed. By Allah, he halh been endowed with wisdom 
and dominion ! — Then the Khaleefeh conferred favours upon nie, 
and commanded mc to dejiart to my abode:. So I came to my 
hiiusie, and gave the legal and other alms, and continued to live in 
the sfuue pleasant cireuiustances as at present. I forgot the arduous 
trottbles that I had experienced, discarded from my heart the 
anxieties of travel, rejected from my mind distress, and betook my- 
self to eating and drinking, and pleasures and joy. 

And when Es-Sindibad of the Sea had finished his story, every 
one who was present wondered at tlic events that bad Iwppcned to 
him. He then ortlered his treasurer to give to Ks-Sindib&i of the 
Land a hundred pieces of gold, and commanded him to depart, and 
to return the next day with the booQ-companions, to hear his 
seventh storj. So Uic porter went away happy to his abode, and 
on the morrow he was present with all the boon -con ipaniotis ; and 
they sat according to ihcir usual custom, and employed tliemselves 
in eating and drinking and enjoymcnl until the end of the day, 
when Es-Sindibad of the Sea made a sign to them that thoy should 
hear his seventh story, and said,— 



i •• 




rac sETnrTR votauk or ts-st%Dn»*D or tbk isa. 

WKeB I rdisqoidied nfw^ng, and tke a&bs of eaBtnefce, I 
wd witkbt my^lt Wkat ha& hjf penrf to me Miffitrtli me. And 
mj timn ww cpcat in jaj wai pleacarea. Bat «lule I 
one day, the door was koockcd : k> tbc door-kcrper openrd, aod • 
fage of ibe KhaWfiA atei«d and nid, Tbe Kbaledrh ftr-nfit-'ft 



the*. I diefeftre went with Urn lo U> 



■■d kmeil the 



ground bclan tumadMRtted Ium, whtrtiipc he wcltoMgd me mw 
treated nr witk boaoor; aad be mid to ne, O Sindibad, I bare an 
•Bur tor tbrc to peribna. WBt xbtm do it f— So I Idmrd bia batid, 
and said to Um, O mj lord, wbat aSnr hub the watf-r for the 
alin to per fa r m ? And be aa«we»d toe, I deaite that then go to 
Lbc King of Sansdeeb, and convej to him our letter aod our pre- 
aast ; for be M-nt to bi a preaeot and a Icttar. Aod 1 trembird 
thereat, and rtrplied, Bj AlUb the Gnat. O my lord, I have taken 
a baaed to royaging ; aitd wben a mrage on the sea, or aay other 
tiairet, » mentkned to ne, mjjointa tremble, in cc — c g o fncr of 
m. a 



74 THE SEVENTH VOYAGE OK ES SISDIBA'D OF THE SEA. 



what hath befulbti me odJ what I have experienced of troubte» 
and horrors, and I have no desire for that whntciver. Moreover I 
have bound myself by nn oath not to go forth from Baghdiid.— 
Then I informed the KItalucfoh of nil that imd befallen me from first 
to laitl; «n(t hi; wondered exceedingly, and said, By Allah the 
Great, O Sindibad, it liath not been heard from times of old that 
such events have bcfuUeu any one us have beftillvn thee-, and it is 
incumbent on thcr tiial thou never mention the niibjeet of travel. 
But for my sake thou wilt go this Ume, and convey our present and 
our letter to the King of Sarandceb ; and thou shalt return quickly 
if it be the will of God (whose name be exalted!), that wc may no 
longer have a debt of favour and eonrteay to t!ie King. — So I re- 
plied that I heard and obeyed, being unable to oppose his com- 
mand, lie then gave me the present and the letter, with money 
for my expenses, and I kissed his hand and departed from him. 

I went from Bagh<Uid to tlie tea, and embarked in a ship, and 
wv proceeded days and uighUi, by the aid of God (whose name 
be exalted ]), until we arriyed at the island of Sarandceb, and with 
us were many merchants. As soon as wc arrived, we landed at the 
city, and I took the present and the Idler, and went in with them 
to the King, and kissinl the ground before him. ,\tid when he saw 
me, he said, A friendly welcome to thee, O Sindtbiid t By Allah 
the Great, we have longed to see thee, and praise be to God who 
hath shewn us thy face a second lime ! — Then he took mc by my 
band, and seated me by his side, welcoming me, and treating mc 
with (imiiliar kindness, and ho rejoiced greatly. He began to con- 
verse with me, and addressed me with courtesy, and said, What 
was the cause of thy coming to us, O Sindibad ? So I kissed bis 
hand, and llianked him, and annwercd him, O my lord, I have 
brought thee a present and a letter from my miiKter the Khalei-feh 
Huroon Er-Itasheed. I then oflered to him the present and the 
letter, and he read the letter, and rejoiced at it greatly. The pre- 
sent was a horse worth tt-n tliousand pieces of gold, with its siuldlu 
adorned with gold set with jewels; and a book, and a sumptuous 
dress, and a hundred dillerent kinds of white cloths of Egypt, and 
silks of Es-Suweys*' and El-Koofeh and Alexandria, and Greek 
caqtetK, and a hundred menns of silk and flax, and a wonderful, ex- 
traordinary cup of crystal, in the midst of which was represented 



THE SEVENTH VoVAOE OF ESSINDIBA'U OF THE SEA. 75 



tb« Hgiitc of a Lion witii a nuut kneeling before litm aikI havii^ 
drawn an arrow in his bow with his utmoil force, and abo the table 
of Sulc^nnnn the son of Daood, on whom be peace !" And the 
contents of the IctbT wrrc as follovs : — Peace from the King Er- 
Rtuhced, iirengtiieuod by God (who hath gi%-e» to Iiim «ik1 to his 
ancestois the rank of ttte noble, and wide-spread glorv), on ihe for- 
tunate Sulian. To proceed : thy letter hath reached us, and we 
rejoiced at it ; and we have sent the book [entitled] the Delight of 
the Intelligent, and the Bare Present for Friends;" together with 
rarieties of royal rarities; therefore do us the favour to accept 
tbcm: and peace be on tliec! — Tht-n (lie King conferred upon mc 
abundant presents, and treated mc vritJi the utmost honour ; so I 
prayed for him, and thanked him for bis beneficence ; and some 
days after that, I begged his permission to depart ; but he per- 
mitted me nut sarc after great pressing. Thereupon I took leave 
of him, and went forth from his city, with mercbaots and other 
companions, to return to my country, without any desire for trarel 
or commerce. 

We continued our voyage until we had passed many islands ; 
but in the midst of our course over the sea, there appeared to ua a 
number of boats, which surrounded us, and in them were men like 
denK haring, in their hands, swords and daggers, and equipped with 
coals of moil, and arms and Kin-s. Tliey smote ti^ and wounded 
and slew those of us who opposed litem, and, ha\ing taken the ship 
wiih its contents, conveyed us to an island, where they sold us as 
slaves, for the smallest pncc. But a rich man purchased me, and 
took me into his house, fed me and gare mc to drink, and clad me 
and treated mc in a frii-tidly manner. So my soul was tran<)uillizvd, 
and 1 rested a little. Then, one day, he said to me, Dost tliuu not 
know any art or trade ? 1 answered him, O my lord, I am a mer- 
chant: I know nothing but traffick. And be said, Dost tbou know 
the art of shooting with the bow and arrow ? — Yes, I answered : I 
know that. And thereupon he brouglit me a )>ow and .irrows, and 
mounted me behind him upon an elephant : tlicn be departed at 
the close of night, and, conveying me among some grcAt trees, came 
to a lofty and finn tree, upon which he mode me climb ; and b« 
gave me the bnw and arrows, saying to me. Sit here now, and 
when Ihe elephants come in the day-time to this [^acc, shoot at 




thorn with tho turrows : perhaps thou wilt strike one of them ; and 
if one of them foil, conic to me ami infonn in<'. He then left me 
Mid departed; and I wub tcrrifiod und friglilenod. I remained con- 
cealed in liie tree until (he sun route ; whi-n Llie cleplinnts caitiv forth 
waiiderini; tibowt amonp the trees, and I ceased not to <U>charge my 
iirro<!Ts till 1 shol one of them. 1 therefore went in the everting to 
my muster, and infonned him ; and he was delighted witJi nie, and 
treated me with honour; nod he went and removed the sUtn 
elephant. 

In ihia manner I continued, every day shooting one, and my master 
comif^ and removing it, until, one day, I was sitting ia the tree, con- 



THE SEVENTH VOYAOE OF ES-SINDIBA'D OF THE 3F.A. " 



cealed, and suddenly etephauu innuinerable came forUi, imd 1 heard 
the sounds of their roaring and growling, which was such that I 
imagined the cailh trembled beneath them. They all surrounded 
the tree in which I wa^ titling, their circuit being fifty cubits, and 
a huge elepliant, enonnoualy great, advanced and came to tJie tree, 
and, having wound his trunk around it, pulled it up by the roola, 
and cast it upon the gmund. I fell down senseless among the 
elepiunts, and Uie great elephant, approaching me, wound hii 
trunk around roe, raised uie wi bis back, and went away with me, 
the other elephants acctHnpanying. And he ceased not to proceed 
with me, while I was abscut from the world, until he had taken me 
into a place, and thrown me from his back, when he departed, and 
the other clephanu followed him. So I rested a Ultle, and my 
terror sulioided ; and I found myself among the bone* of elephants. 
I knew therefore that this was the burial-place of the elephants, 
and that that elephant had conducted mc to it on account of the 
tcclh." 

I then aroM, and joumcrcd ■ day and a night until I arrived at 
the houxe of my master, who saw me changed in complexion by 
fright and hunger. And he ymt rejoiced at niy return, and said. By 
Allah, thou hast pained our heart ; for I went and found the tree 
torn up, and I imagined that tlte eleplianta had deniroyed thee. 
Tell me, then, how it happened with thee. — So 1 informed him of 
that which had befallen me ; whereat he wondered greatly, and 
rejoiced ; and lie said tu me, DonX ihou know that pUce ? I an- 
swered, Ves, O my tnitster. And be took me, and we went out, 
mounted on an elephani, and proceeded until we came to that 
place; and when my master beheld those numcious tcctli, he 
lejoiced greatly at the sight of them ; and he carried away as much 
as bo desired, and we returned to the bouse. He then treated mc 
with increased favour, and said to me, O my son, thou hut directed 
us to a means of very great gain. May God then recompense thee 
well ! Thou art freed for the sake of God, whose name be ex- 
alted ! These elephants used to destroy many of u* on account of 
[our seeking] these teeth : but God hath preserved thee from ihem, 
and thou hast profited us by ihe^ teeth to which thou hast directed 
ua.— 1 replied, O my master, may God free thy neck from the fire 
[of Hell] ! And I rc<jue»t of thee, O my master, thai thou give ine 



78 THE CONCLUSION OF THE STORY OF ESSINDIBA'D 

p«mussioii to dppsit to my country. — Yi-s, said he: thou shall hiire 
that pcrmiMiou : but we linve a fair, on the occanion of wbicb the 
merchants coniv to us ati<l purcha.w the teeth of these elephants of 
u». The time of the fair is now uear ; and when they hare come 
to us, I will send thcc with them, and will give thee what will con- 
vey thee to thy countrj*. — So i prayed for him and thanked him ; 
and I remained with him Ireaied witJi reiij>ecl and honour. 

Then, some days after this, t)ie niercliants eame as he had said, 
and bought and sold and exchauged; and when they were about to 
dejMTt, niy master came to mc, and raid, Tlic merchants ar« going: 
therefore anse that thou mayest de]>art witli them to tlty country. 
Accordingly I arose, determined to go with them, nicy had 
bought a great quantity of those teeth, and packed up tJieir loads, 
and embarked them in the ship ; and my master sent me w-itli them. 
He payed for me the money for my passage in the ship, together 
with all that was required of mc, aiul gave? me a largi* qiuintity of 
goods- And we pursued our voya^'c from island to island until we 
had cro«se<l the swi an<l landed on the shore, when the merchants 
took forth what was with them, and sold. I al«o sold what 1 had 
at an excellent rale ; and I purchased some of the most elegant of 
things suited for presents, and beautiful rarities, with cverylbing 
that I desired. 1 likewise bought for myself a beast to ndc, and 
we went forth, and crossed the destrrU from country to country 
until 1 arrived at Baghdad ; when I went in to the Khaleefeh, and, 
baving given the salutation, and kissed liis hand, 1 informed him of 
what had happened and what had befallen me ; whereupon he 
rejoiced at my safety, and thanked God (whose name be exalted!); 
and he caused my story to be writt^-ii in letters of gold. 1 tlien 
entered my house, and met my family and my brt^thrcn. — lliis ia 
the end of the history of the events that happened to me during my 
voyages ; and pruse be to Ood, the One, the Creator, the Maker ! 

THE CONCLUSIOK OP THE STORY OF ES-SIXDIUA'n OP TIIK SKA 
AND BS^IKDIIIa'u OV TUE LAND. 



And when Es-Siudibdd of the Sea had finislied his stor^-, he 
ordered his servant to give to EU-Sindibad of the I,,aiid a hundred 
pieces of gold, and said to him, llow now, O my brother ? Ilaal 



OP THE SRA AND ES-SINDIBA'U OF T1IE LAND. 79 

thou beard of the like of these affiictions and calAinides and dia- 
trcflMs, OT have such troubles as have befaUen roe be&lten any odd 
else. Of hnth any ooc else Buffered such hardships as I have lufieredf 
Ktmvr then (hnt tfacK pleiuurcK nrc a eompenjation for the toil 
and huuiiliiitions that 1 liare experienced. — And upon ihb, Ks> 
SindibdU of the Land advanced, and kiased his hands, and said to 
him, O mj lord, by Allah, thou hast uoder^oDe great horrors, and 
hast deserved tlicse abimdant favours: continue then, O my lord, 
in joy and security ; for God hath removed from thee the evib of 
fortune ; and I beg of God that He may continue to thee thy plcs- 
nures, and bless thy days. — And upou tliis, E^-Siiidibad of the Sea 
bestowed &vout8 upon him, and mode him bis boon-companion; 
and be iiuilted him not by night nor by day as long as they both 
lived. 

Praise be to God, the Migfaiy, the Omnipotent, the Strong, the 
Eminent in power, the Creator of the heaven and the earth, and of 
the land and the seas ■ ** 




Zi^ 



."mT^ 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



Bi:ru>iG I consicUrcd tliv cuinputition of llii* Bltny, it appeared to mt tttUilf 
incredible that one pcnon, or cvan two or llirc«, could have rnntjiiwod Uic gntalcr 
portion ot n irrici of tales lo numcroun and to varied na lbo«i! of the Tho>u>and 
and One NigliU, llul my apitiiun vai changed when I found thnt nFarly cverj- 
onc of (he moit wondcrfiit incidenci occurring in the voya^ei uf Ki-SindibJid ul' 
the Sea wu dtacribcd in other Arabic work*, uiid when 1 eoniidcred tlini, fheie 
«ark« licing profenKdly neieiuille, it voiilil hv iiiiri'iiHuniLlili- to fiiierlaiii Ihe »light- 
nt ciupicion that their niithara hnrrowcd ft'om a tnlc of fiction. Tlini I diicovnred 
that one of the titlei nhieh »eenicd to linvc required in ii« compojer the jirenleil 
poKcr of imnBinoiion did in reuliiy retnilrc very Utile of ilii» faculty, and thai the 
mciil of lh« cuLiipusitioii luy not >o much in liii' iimller, m in lli« indiiii<*r, 1 <lb- 
toinri rIio n eonfiniiTilloii iif I)e Huiy's opmlon (which »i>iiiei tcsriird men have 
doTilitcd), thnt the nfoTv of the voynj[i?> of K<-Sindili4d ia n " roiiinn rraiinent 
*rahe d'origine," and not " the Book of Es-Sindihid " mentioned in the p&»Kge 
««lntiiig to llie HvtAc AfiiAni'li in llie f!u1d«n Meadows of F.l-M««'oodee. M«y 
not moat of the Inlci of thr Thniiiand nnd One Nlghla have hern enrnpnaed in th« 
■»me mnniier na the one which I now endeavour to i!|-.nlrn[c! If »o, there i> 
nothing improbable in the opinion thai neatly the nhoic Ktict was the work of 
one nuthur. 

Ot ihv n^c in viUich ihtH itory was coinpoted. I can oflVr no cerlniii evidruec : 
but I aoe no rcatnn In think it cldvr than ni(<at of the l&tra in the preteiil work. 
Il i» evidently founded upon the i>XBggci«led [^lorta cffl variety of tnvelln*, and 
otnioat dl llicac roporia I And reklcd in llic "'Ajitib d-Maklilonkit " of El-Koic- 
nccnre nnd the " Khareedet cl-'Aj/iib" of Ibn liUWurdee. The former author 
flourished in the latter half of the thirtecnih century, and the lutter died about the 
ndddlc of the fourteeiil)). I am unnhle lu iliBcuvifr wh<;tlier ihe " tmvelUrt' lie*" 
hero alluded to Ktie hern r^ordr<l h} rnriirr writirv ; but conxiilering the popu- 
larity of the IWQ vnrka above mentioned, I think it moil profaiablr ibnl they were 



KOTBS TO cBAma 



SI 




Kvnl. 

la LagUs' cJiiin, and tW Calcaits tSUm at iW fini am ^m In I S^h^ 
(bpwterbcalM "Q-HatAU.'- TW ily il:p a* Am ^m^ wiJrf -E»- 



kn* at «B«lc If lb 
«l lb alt ttBti tW pMtR; I 
iwyitli.il.r. fen "D-Hiad" Md "Ea-AA;-* the 



WO* 



«r«iiiki>ih«inai- 



(WrfWoMnl 



-B». 



SaJjfcid" if a awat afcict not aiftiqauilly owaai h 




«at. 



I 



8S 



KOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIRTH. 
No» 3. 



Seo Not« 30 t« ihc Iiitroductuin. 



N(m:<. 



See Note 10 la CliB{it«r xviiL 




Note 5. 

The "l(Mnw&n," nior» common);, and I boliovc mora proiwrly, culled "kai^ 
win," !« Ilir MoiLii-curlow, or churndriiin <rdicneniu> of I.iniiiriu. The folltnring 
«xtnicl from the Encyclopicdiii Briuimicni. «it. •' Cliarndriui," appean lo be a (pxid 
■ccouiit of tills bird. " Hararlqiiiiit iiirumiit ut, lliut tliiH bird ia uln) met irith in 
Lower Egypt, m t1i« acuria gruve«, npar iho villag^n or Abuilt [Aboo $>er] and 
Sflckbura [SHkkAraliJ, nour th« ncpiildirM of the Ancient Rgyplianx, anil in tbe 
dciort*. Thi^ Ambinnx call it Kcrvon [karav&nj. It hai a ilirill roicc, lomo- 
wliat reefiubling tbnl of the Uoclc woodpecker, nbich it ruic* nnd loiccn inccca- 
tivrl}-, utltring agreeable notn. Tlic 'I'uiks and Ggvptians value it much, if tlic; 
cim g>t it alive ; and kei'ji it in a i-agt for Ibc vakv of its liiigiu^. Iti fltub ia 
hard, and of a very good tnhle, inclined to aromalic It is a very vurncious bird, 
catching arid devouring rata and mice, nliich abound in E^ypt ll widonj drtnkt; 
and when taken young, and kept in a cage in Egypt, Ihcy give it no vatf r fur 
•cveral months, but feed it witli frrali ni*at maceraled in wotcr, which it dcvoiin 
very greedily. It i* found in dewHs, and u therefore acciutomcd to be without 
water." 

Note 6. 

!■ the latUT bemixtich of thi* vene I follow the Brealau edition. 

Note 7. 
^■Tlie day of d«ath la bettsr than thr day of birlli, lK<caua<i notlijng !■ vant^ 
aftar the day cf death, and tbt' contrary i> the caic with rcipcct to thtr day of 
birlli. And a liting dog in better than a dcnd lion, bfi^auno the mcpi of the lion 
end uiih lii» dcalli : >o Ibc living ilog i* bclirr ihnn be, bccatiap advHnlage may 
br Imped for from him- And the ktbvc that hideth the poor man i> hrtlor Ibon 
the palace, in which a man is in want." (Slnrginnl note by my lUcykb.) — The 
lirvt aaying i> from Ecclvtiiaiile*, chap, vli, ven« I ; and llio iccond, from the tame 
book, ebap. Ex. v«r*e 1. The third laying, in [.anglii' ediijon, and In the Calcutta 
edition of the first two hundred Nigbti, !>, " the grave ti better than poverty :" 
but I do nnt know any Boying of Solomon in the Bible agreeing with cither 
rtadlng. 



84 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIKTH. 



Ha Hdili that nuinetiiiiei a fonl ii producvd having a wBtvr-Iione for It* tire fiiiJ a 
Innd-innrc for it* dnni, and llial it h of vxtreino fxcrllfncc nnd beauty ; and he 
tncntioni an Jnatiiiici' (timilar lo wliut 1* ri'lateil in thi^ Thousand and One Nijchis): 
the wnlcr-hont?, tii ihi* cs\»p, wah lilnck, uiih wliiln iipot* like pircoi of nilvcr. Up 
aliiu ttnltti that it is found in l)ic Nile ; and it ii evident Ttom tliii, that the wcll- 
knuirii IiipiiDpotsiniiii i> llie nnimol Ihiu tncarrtictly d«icribed, mid which h<u *u^ 
gnled tiM fotilc here related. 



NuTB II. 



HcTO Rgnin I nbridgp n little. 




Nora 12. On lAt ttland of Ike Mihrlij, and tome other hlandi in l/it Stai ef 

China and India, 

I •halt li«r« endeavour lo delerniice Ihe posiliont of mvctbI idandt in the Seu 
of China and India, iiicliidjnt'i among tbi^te itlandu, that of the Mihriy. After 
having eomnicncrd with niio uf wliicli the jioiition it must earily a>c*>rbLined, I 
Rhall pus on to nthen which are nirntionrd in thi- •lory thnt [ ain ill t ml rating, nnd 
on mibwqui-iit occBiioni I ihal) refer the render to lhi» note. 

In the " Acruiiots uf lodiu niid China by two Mohnmrnodnn Travellers in thd 
ninth Onliiry," we are tulil (in jiuge 3 uf ibe English Iruiislaliuii) that nmung llie 
islands of (hi- Sen of [F,l-] Hurkend [u nftine gi»i-u both to thi^ Sea «f Cliinn nnd 
tu a part of (hnt of Indiii], Inwnrda Snrnndocb [or Ceylon], one " in called Ranint, 
and w under several princes; being eight or nine hundred Icnguea in dimcniion. 
f AftcrwurdH, in pago CI, this island is mentioned by tlie name of Kuliini, and la 
•nd to be (ighl hiiiidred IcugnvH In com/icut.] Here," it is added, "sri; guld- 
niiiM, nnd pniiicukrly those calli'd Fuisur (or FanlVir!); as alito an excvtleiit sort 
of Csiinphire." — It jtpprnr* benci^ btyond a doubt, that the iHlnnil onllfd by tlie 
Arab geo^raplicni " ltilminc>n," " lUmin," " lUmor," Sec., Ie Sumnira, tlie Java 
UinoT of Marco Polo, dcarrihcd by him (bonk iil. cbnp. xvi) ns two ibotisand mllri 
in circuit (which oppean to he near tlic Inilh), and lu contnining eight kingdoms, 
governed by so nmiiy kings; one of which klngdomn Is culled by him Fanitir, or 
FMnfur,* and tiaid tu cuiilain the best kind of cumi>lior, iniicb •iipnur In (luality 
lo any oilier. Tliis kingdom, and five of the others, Mnrco I'olo visited ; and he 
Mmalned in one of the purl* of the I'lniid five monlln : liii authority therefore, 
which \» in grncrni good. \* in lliii CMe eopecially *o. — I'~l-Kniwrenee <nys that in 
ihe island of ItAmin,f in (he Sea of China, are a naked people, whose Ufigua|te is 
not luidentuod ; for it ii like whistling. He adds that they slum mankind, that tbo 
lieigbt of one of ibem is four spuiis, that on iboir dices i* red downy liair, and that 
they climb up Ircet; and he states tlint in it nm the enniphor-trec, braul-wood, 
and llie Indian cane, and likewise tlie rlnnoceroi, and huflikloes without tails. 

Th* next inland of nbicli I shall consider the pusiiiun is iliut which is called tn 
the work* of ihe Arab geographers "Zinij," " Zfilij," " ZAbij," " llinij," " Killij," 
" FUij," " lUneh," Ac. TTie name of this Island, which nam* I* alio employed 
to include come other islands dependant nn ibc principal one, is written in tlie 
"Accounts of India and Cblno," above quoted, "Zaha{[c" (pngc 10), nnd "}!ii< 

• ItasMviilTi), nolt un. 

I la mjr MH of llm B Wintn [t|ui sa}illul II It seven hundnxt iMpiri Mnitl. "BiOlBM." By 
B-ldrwn liuoitiad "lli< Itluidof ltr-n*inn " In qunilai fmn ilw lalwi wilier, I make aKOf 
Jatitm's trsnilKlDD. 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



«s 



P*K*" (9*S* ^)> '" ^'^ plocM probably for "Ziblj." In tlie InUer pla«« wf are 
Iitrninncd, Uiat *' lh« ptOvlnM of ZapnfCR in nppooilc lo Chinn, anil a iiionth't mH 
diatant tIwMA«m hy *««, «r Icm, if ibc wind bn f«ir. The King of t!ii> country," 
it u added, " ii cailtd Mfkrage, and ihcy ny !l i> nine hundred leagues in circuni' 
Tertttft, Mid tliU thii Kins b maitct of many itlondi which lie round aboui ; tliui 
titia kingdom ii above a ihouioiid teagUM tn exlont. Among these inlands th<?Te ii 
«n« called Svrbfu, wliicli h wA to b« four hundrtd [eagii#» in cln-iiit, [nearly tho 
efavuit of J«v»,») and that alio of Rafimi" [above identified with Snmnira]. — 
From thciiD deacripiioni of the aize of tlie great island of the Mihtij, nod ili litii- 
»lion with rcipect lo China and Sumntm. it seems evident lo me that it can be 
DO Other iiiand than Borneo, ax Sir William Jonei and others have rrpponcd. Rl- 
Kaiwemee aays ibat Ihv Ring of tha Island of Rti} (or Z&bij &c.) a called EI- 
Mihr^J : that in thi> island is a monnlniii wliere are hiigv serpenU, foine of wliich 
will iwoUow the elephant ; and that it contains alio the namphor-trcc, which la of 
enormout lizc. EI-Karweenee desmbei this Jilnnd a» "on the confines of China, 
ih* furlhvAt of the countries of Indin." 

" In lliis same kinRdoni [I continue iht* onlract from the ' Accounts of India 
and rhinn ' ln-gun in the prccfding pdragrajih] i» the Island of Cnla. which is in 
the mid-pas>at;c bptwern China and the country of the Arahs. Tlils Ixlnnd, Ihey 
My, ii foiincom leagries in circumference ; and hither they bring all sorts of mor- 
chandiie, wood'aloes of several sort*, comphirc, undal-wood, iTory, the lead called 
Cabalti, rbuoy, red-wood, every kind of «pice. and many other things too tedious 
to WiimcnU. At present the commerce ii most usually carried on fmn Oman 
['Omia] (o tbia ifiland, und from tliis island lo Oman." (Page O.) In my MS 
of Hm El'Wardfe, thin island is called " Kulleh." This geographer descrihea it 
aa IB the " Sea of India " (which is a very vague sppcllntioii;. and tays, " II ia a 
great ialond: in it are (rttt and river* and fruit*. A King of the sons of JAbvli 
■he Indian dwrllclh In It; and In it ar« mines of tin, and cam phoi^ trees, f one 
tree of which ihadrth • hundred men, and more : in it also is tlie Indian cane ; 
and among itt wander* ocw such thinRi thot the dcifriber of them would incnr din- 
b«Li#f." El-IdrMM4 (III Cliniole. 9th Svclian) describes this inlatid. mentions the 
loulars, and girea an uccounl uf the mode of uhlxinlTig the camphor 
lo that ill B»-Sindib&d'« Second ^'Avagr. lie adds, that in the neigblioui^ 
hood of the iiud island arc those of JAheh, Sclahil, and lletcg ; each about two 
leagues from another; and states tliut tliey all obey the Mine King, named 
J£beh. — From these notices of tituatioii, alee, and the existence of tin-mlnea, i 
am indued lo think that this island is the one called in our maps Hanoi, the rich 
tin>minrs of which ar« well-known ; ] though Renaudot placei it near the point of 
Malabar, and doc* not coniidcT tt a* an iiland. from page 15 of the English 




* Ii HiRi pmiaMi tbsl isihli laUuid sppir laoH ihux one nimr. *nd i*f1ii|h <t»i tt " i>tli>h,"lfl 
llw sutluiit Itic Ai>b sv4«T>p)iEii. " Jtbah" vit l^e Ililr of lli> KliifvtMit Iiluirl nf Jtbi>h lu irlll 
b* asM lo ttit ntll psrsfriplO tttprrfnTP Ihlt Mnmi may have hid siiothor name. I^fta thsr nf Ili« 
HUirtJ- ''Id Ibr latuvd ot Jitnh,'' aai* El-K>4^n«i^ce, "li a luouTitAln wIickuii la ktu tgivxi bm 
fc^ Bllhl tnm afu ^ and br liar, s amukf : ruiic vu ip[iriur)i l(. [In Jbts an Uilili-clntil iiilcanvu] 
In II alas an alun-xHd snil Ihe tianans ami Ilka rwoa-nul snil •nfMi-cuir, lu Inhaliluiilj an • 
UintT r**^- In Iht fbrmodani. no Ikst Uiilram* an In Ihelr buKiini." 

t IMoU Iti* trutk st tBU. ll hai bran Htri iboia Ibal fsdi^iIidi vaa ainonit Iht arlicln irckfil 
10 Ihta laland. 

t na» Ibt Bban ■■• viMm. I hait bt*n (itllllnl hjUndlng Ihii I.anglAi. In a nnln on s pauacs 
la lbs Pmud To^aar. has *ttnm*d i h« una* lapt^ii^tn. I[p hat kIu Dtianri^d, ihcii (ba name f Inn 
iBlUBklBDdliTtiiaAntiainaT baa eemipUon ot tba Malay KanI ''lirljiii|r.' al)pi1fyiof "Un," 



86 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



trsndiition of hi* Itcmnrki on t)i« " Account*," it kppean (hut in page 10 of the 
latl«T, •■ C*liibar" i> put for the name which in the citracl at th« commcnct^ment 
of Ihii pmgiDph is iniitcn " I'ala," Now in lliis page of Ihc "Act^uoiits," ihe 
pUcc ihiii namrd is shiiI to hnvv bpcn (!f|ifii(tniil on " thv Kingdom uf 7.H\>age," 
llial a tract near the jioinl uf MBlnbar ihoiiltl he no in extremely improbnlilc ; and 
it y aflcrivard* (aid, a* I have ihcwn above, that it was in thut Kingdom. It ii 
ttaled ill the wmc work (page 9), that from Mascat (or Maika)) to Kuucammall, 
In the cour«e Ui China, i» a Tiioutli't Mil, irllA thr mind afl. [Tlio name of Ih* 
latter plncc it writlcn hy V.\- Idrcrai-e (2iid Climnle, 7th Section) " Koolnm Mrlee." 
It ia cvidmlU the KoiiUm of Marco I'clo (who »ay» Ihnt it wai n rcjort of Arabian 
and Maiiji, ur Soiitheni CliiticM, tncrchanti), nnil llie Cuutun of our mspit, in 
Malnbnr, or MalaynU, nrurly [iini>t<r itritith nitlci from C3]i« Coinoriii.] [|«re 
the ArntH, wb arc told, in ih* vnyng« to China, look !n walr; then tlmy cntvrcd 
the KQ of El-llarkcnd, ond having lailcd acroi* il, they touched at l.ijnbalu* 
[^bcfore called (in page ■!} " NajnbiiUni " (nupponcd to be the Nicoboi Iilaiidi)], 
and, after aboul u niuDlh'9 voyage fiom Kaiikom [i. e. Koidain], arrived at Caii 
[in tlii; trunslulion Calnhar]. It is added, thai from llii-i place lo one culled 
Briiinia in li-n day*, in the cuiirvu to China; llinl ti'U dnyn t^irlhrr in the name 
coune i« Kndrunj(c ; len dnys further, Sencf [or Sanf], whence " eomci ihc 
aromatic wood we call ilud al Scticfi" [cl-'ood et-Saiifee) ; ten dayi furihi-r, San- 
darfulal; and a month further, China : aUogcther. from the place in ijueilion (o 
"Canfu" (or " Khinfoo," olio written by Arab geographer* "Klifinkoo," supposed 
to be " Kuang-chcu-fu," called by ui " Canton "]. the chief ]iort of China, Iwo 
month) and l^n day*. The latter part of (he voyage, it npitoariL, wm tndinuii : it 
WM probably ci^:lulolll^ for the aakc of Irallick ; and eight whole day* were con- 
iiimrd in firming aoinc rock' nnd xlionU called the Gates of China. 

I next coniider the pcnitinn of Sanf. Iti diitoncc from the luppoied Canton 
ha* been ttoted above, a> one month and (en day*. £l-)drecsce <2nd Climate, 9tfa 
Seclioii) calls it a Clitnete iilnnd, or pcnInauU (the term generally rendered "i*- 
land" a vtry vague), and atlerwarda (IbI Climate, 10th Section) he make* il only 
fonrtrcn days from Khtnkoo (or Canton 'f) ; but hi« authority I iliink of nkiich le«i 
weight than tlint before cited. He alatei alio, thai fVoin Snnf to Meliy or Malty 
WBi a voyage of twelve dnyi, among lilnndii and rock*. — Thrie indication* of ila 
position, and the luiertion of El-Idreeiec (lit Climate, 9th Section) and othen, 
that it prodntPH the beat kind of aloes-wood, lead me to conclude that il U the tract 
coiled in our mapa Ttinmpa. Mr. Mamden ha» nbewn (In nole 1172 tohii tr«n»- 
lation of Marco Polo) that ihe beat kind of nlnci-wood i> ihal of the moiinuun* of 
'i'liompa. on the lonth of Cochinchinn, about the l.tlb defiree of north latitude. 
This il called K&lambak and Kalambak. The reiembiaiice of Ihc name* 
"Tsiampa" and " Sauf " 1 also think of lome weight ; especially as the AralM, 
having no p, »ub«tiliite, fur tliat lett«r, f or b. — The author of the K&muoa aajr*, 
that the Sanfce nloo-wood (or alo«t-wood of Sanf) ii inferior to the KamArrr; 
but the contrniT itDMment, being more fully cxprctted, 1 think more entitled 
to credit. 

Tlie position of Kainit,* which produced the Katn&ree aloes-wood, is more 
dtfficidt to dutermiiie. In the "AccountK of India .ind China," which mention 
iUdoM-wood, the itlnnd (or penin*ida)of I>amdrt i«*aid(inpi^ M) to be divided 

• t niia Ihn nurnc Ihu m the (ulborit)' sf thi KAmoM. 
t Wrltirn In Oir Innilnllon of Ihii wDik '■ Koniu-." 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWBNTIETH. 



» 



■ 



from ih* kjngdom of ih* KlthrfiJ (or Donieo) "b; a putag* of ten or Iventy 
ilayi' tftil, wilh a very laaj ga\e." Thix Hill hy no mpani allow u« to idfutify It 
with Cafe CoBinrin, m Mime Etimpenii wrilicri havn dnuc. EI-IiItcpkv uiyB 
(I*t Clininir, 9(h SrctJon), Itinl il In iicdr Sniif, MpnrulFil only liy threp milca; Init 
pnlutpt " mile*" may be a midakc for " day*." 1 can only cocijecliire \\\M it ii 
eitlier a part of the Ualuyun p«ninmla, or an the oppoiite %lic of the Gidf of 
Siotn, adJAcKit U> Tduinpa. 

I lunr KTMt to th* IllihrAj imi his Iiluiid, which is described in tho "Accounts 
of Inil!> and China" ([injcetil) a* " titrcmely ftrlile, and i<> very populous tliat the 
lOBiu atmcHt croud one upon Ihc othc-r." In the next page it is said tbiil the palace 
of a brmer ^(ilirij wm "tlill lo be teen," in (he time of llie autlior, "on a rii*cT 
■a broad as the Tleri* at BagbtUd or al El-Ba^rub. " And it U added, " The tea 
inttrevpt* the ooiinc of itt valrra, and tends tliem back ogain viih the tide of 
flood; and during the tid« of ebb, it itreomionl fresh water a good way into theaeo. 
Hm rim ia let into a (mall pond dote to the King's palace, and every morning the 
cdSoer who hw ehsi^ of kis houMliold bringi an tugot of gold wrought in a pnrli- 
niar ManiMr> wluch is unknown, and (browi it iiun the pond in (he presence of the 
Kia^ The tide riling nith the flood coders it with ninny others, it« fellowg, and 
^■dw tonccoli it from right ; but Ion water discovers them, and tliey npjicar plain 
b)r the bconu of the >un. The King comet to view (hem al the lamc time that b* 
repairs to an iipartment of state vthicb looki upon (Ida pond. Tliii custom is very 
acmpulouily observed, and thus they every day lliruw an ingot of gold into this 
pond, OS long as the King Uvea, nor (ouch the same upon any account. When lh« 
King difs, his succciisor cnusen them all to be taken out, and nut one of llivm is 
■ver milled. Iliey count them, and mell them down, and this done, the snins 
pnnwniog from this great quantily of gold are distrihutvd (u those of the royal 
bouwbotd, to (he men. to (be women, and (u the children, (o the superior aiid (o 
the faaferior officers, euch receiving a pari, in proportion to (be rank he bears, and 
Bccordiag to the order Mtablishcil among them for this distribution; and the 
•Diptus is glvpn away to thr poor, and to the infirm. Then they reckon up the 
numWr of ingots, and what (bey weigh, and say. Such a one reigned so mnny 
yean, for he tcTI so many ingot* of gold in (he pond of the Kiiigi, and they were 
distributed, after his death, (o the people of his kingdom. 1( is a glory, wilh (betn, 
to have rtigntd a long while, and to have thus mutdplied (be number of these 
if^ots, to b« given away at their dcnlb." — Nearly the some account is given in 
other Arabic works. — " The huspilality, power, and inngnifieence, of the King of 
Bureeo, Rdia Siripnda, Is nirntinnod by PigaTclta (I'urchas's Pilg. v. 1, b. 2.), 
Us^tllan's fcilaw-lravellcr, and (be first literary circuninavigalor. He reigned, 1[ 
b aMd, over many other kinga. islands, and citie*, and tliut wliich was hii place of 
lenience contained 33,0(H1 houses. Muiimilian of Transylvania, who give* nn 
aocovuit of the seme voyage, enlarges on these circumstances; but odds, 'rqui 
peTe3tig<(i el ewles aunt.' We are not (o wonder, thcrerora, that (he monarch in 
the taxi was so desirous of improving (he diminutive race."* 



Nors 13. 

The " Sh&klreeyeh," called in the Dreslau edition "Sckilribeh." and by El- 
Idrcesee " SikirMjrth)" arc eridcntly the " Kshatrlyas,*' the iccond caste of tlic 



• Hair, n. U and U. 



S8 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



Hindoo!. I)y El-Idrceare, ns well lu in the 1'houuind and One Niglita, ihry ara 
cnllod ^t Jlrit cnatc. lU- my* (l«t t'liniulc, 10th Section), "They nre the moit 
nob!c ; it i> from among Ihem, only, thut ihi- KiiiR* ure chosen [which ii ttu*]. 
All llic othcn," lir iiil<I«. " proitrale thviiiBelvM before theiii; but they ilu no! 
priMtratu llieuistilvut bvfiirv any otiun." 

NOTB H. 

Itiii iittt uf the I)r£limaiiB I luppoar to be durirvJ (torn the miuio aiid ilancti 
■t nfligiuiu cereiiiunio*. 

NoTC 15. 
In tlw Cttiio edition, " Jcwb " (Yabwd), which ii 



So in the Bredau editioii. 
dewly a miitske. 



NoTB 16. 



In the BtmIou edition, "forty-two Met*." So a1«o inj-ii El-ldTcncc. 

Hots 17. 

Thtu written in the Btetlau cdidon, the Calcutta edition of tlic fint two hundred 
Nighb, BnJ in Longlii' edition ; in the edition of Cniro, "Ktbil." It is evidently 
the Inland eulled by El-Kaiweenei- thnt of " B*rt&il." He deacnbei it u in the 
8m of India, Rod near to the hkiid* of Kz-ZcnJ (evidently a mtitako for ZAng, 
1. e. Borneo), and uiy*, on the authority of Ibn EIFakech, " There are in it « 
people who«e focei nrc like the ihieldi mode of coula of leather, and tlictr hair !• 
like the taili of puk-honet; and in it ii the rldnocero>. lu it also are inountainB 
whence are heard by nighl Ihe lounda of the drum «i}it tambourine, and diiturbing 
eriet, and diiiigreetible luiij-htor; nnd the aailor* (ny that Ed-D(jj&)* in in it, and 
that he will come forth fVom it. In thia iiland, moreover, cloves are sold, and in 
thi« manner. The mcrchonla land there, nnd put thdr goods and eomm^itie* 
upon the shore, and baring returned lo their ahipi, pan* the night in them. Then, 
when lliey arise iu the incrming. they come lo their coinmoditirs, and liiid by the 
*id# of eooh lot of giMid) a quantity of clovei. If the owner of Ihe goods approTC 
of thin, lie tnknth It, and leaveth the goodi ; hot if he take the good* niid the clore), 
the ihip cannot deport until the taker of the goods reatoretli them to their place. 
And if any one desire an addition, he leaveth the goods and the eluves, and an sA- 
ditton to thete la made fur him. One of the merchants hath related, that he went 
up into thia fatand, nnd snw there n people bcordlean, of yellow complfxion, whoie 
face* were like the focea of the Turks, nnd llieir ear» were perforated, and their 



• or IU.I>rUlt, ilM vtiiri CI-M«Hti *a-11tv]JiU <lh* PilH, « LrlriK. Cbrlall. tlw JlDllcbrld of Iht 
MuUdii. tbi IcUi7>lnit l> Htlr'i ucDutiL " tlo li lu lio uDt-cynl, uil mulwd OB tlw tMchcxI Mllh 
\b» lenm C. [at K-l F. R., •ifiMfain Clfii !<ii Kibil. ui Ijifidcl. Thtjr h; ihai Iks Jen cJva blm 
thff lumt of ' M«*L^ Bpn DAiId.' uid prtLen'l he [» lo (omf En trip ■■■[ 4nT*i end id b> lata bath gf 
Itnd 4nd H4, «nit Ih^I ht <rlll rvalnre the km^rlim lathvin. Anvrdjng to thn tradition* of Mn^m- 
tiu4. hd Ii lo hppcir Aral Iwlwcrm El-'&ili anil lij^la. or vf onHaji to elberr. la Ih* piurtttn ot Kliii. 
lialmi <h>r m that ha la la Mde OD wiawi IhU tKKlU b* fellootd i/j 'o.eoe Jim of lipahtn, and 
cnllniit OH «anh tanj ivj*, of irlildi oiw wfD ba oqual In langth lo a Tvat. ajiolbar to a mqalb, 
■BOibaT to ■ vrA. aod ihc i«i vl!) bt nnifDati dt)n -, thai b« la lo laj waiU all plana, but hIII not 
ontal Wfkkiboi El-Madfvntb) riblih air tobcfuaidtd 19 anifaU; and thalar lanirtb hr wUI bo tlalu 
tf Jaaua, vba la In •ntouaUr blm at Iht ftlo of Lud, 11 Ii aald Ibal UolianuDitd fomold Hvrral 
lJUKMM>i W ItwaiUBlin of abiHil Iblrtji but ana of (raUacnola Ibao Iht real."— PnlliolDar]' IMi 
awuMk fNIlM It.— Cm alao BDlr, p^e u. 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 89 

hair WM like tliat of wamrn. They ditappeartd from hit •iglil, nnd the nierclinciU 
tStrc that continued b long time ftvqiionling the nhorc ; hut nn c\ove» nero 
brougbl out to lb«m; to they knew t!ial lliii via on account of (hciT looking at 
UwBi. Thvn, aftw wme years, ihcy mumed their former liabil." — Cltncs, ii 
■bould be ohirrvcil, grow ontj: uitliin llie tropin: but lliey arc not the grgwUi of 
either Bonieo or Java. (Sao Mandeii, M. Vih, \i. ^dl.) the Klniid of BarlAil 
or Klaal I ittpptuo lo ham Wen not fnr from !)orn«o. Hole iiiggcil^ (p. 3N), tliat 
the roariug of llie travel amidal its hollow rock* might, not improbohty, bare re- 
ef inbl«d the Bouiiil ufdninit; and anenvardi (page 41) lie r«matk<. " Bartliolonit'iii 
Leonardo dr ArgniHolH, n Iviariicd diriiic, eiiiployed by tbc )tr«i>id>'nl anil ouuiicil 
of lh« Indifi to wriw « lilntory of Iho discovery Hud coriqiie»t of the Moluccas, 
obsecvra, that near Itniidn is ' a drnrrl and iininlinbilcd iiland, railed I'oelscttnn, 
ittfomoui for atronger reiuon* than the Acvoccrauiiinn rocki. 1'licrc are criei, 
whiitlei. and rosringi. in it at alt time*, and dreadful ■pparitioiu arc seen, ftc. ; 
kiid long npvliencc has nheicii tl>al il t> iuhabilcd by Devils.'* May il not b« 
RiMontUy MUp«ct«d," fae adds, " that lliis i* the snm« inland as Kiail ; and thai 
llic Spanltti writer, like the ArRbiaii, approjirinlcd to Ibc nitpcrttiliiin of liJa own 
ComilTy a Imlitional report of India ?" — 1 tliink the render mutt answer, " Yei." 

N«T« 18. 

Tbn* in llw Citeulta edition of tbc first two hundred Nights, and !n Langlba' 
vditioli : in Ae Cairo edition, instead of llje words ''that Ed-Dcjj£l in in it," we read, 
" iImI llwy [the inhubilftnts] aro a people of iiuliwtry and good judgment," — 
Ncceaary illuttrations of this ponngo hare been given in tbc note immediately 
preccdit>g. 

Norm 19. 

TTic word* " mid the fiahermeii fear it," *c., ari< inserted on the Bulhority of 
the Calcutta editjou of the lirst two hundred Nigbti and LungUV edition. Kl-Kaz- 
irecoee iD)-a, " In the Sea of China is a iish more iban throe hundred cubits long ; 
fear is entertained for the ship on aceouul of it; and it is rnutul by the inland of 
Wi^-VVilt;t and when Ibe people know of il« pnMing by, ihcy call out, and bent 
wltli wood, that It may lies away ut their noi"C" : when it raiieth in fin, it is like 
an cnnrmou* sail." llin aamo writer aim, and Ibii El-Wanlee. say, that in Ibe Sea 
of El' Kulxum ii an cnormom fish, that beateth the ship with ila tail, and tiiiketli 
^ it : its length is about two hundred cubits. 

N«Ta 20. 

Tli« two authon just eited slate, thai in the Sea of Kl- KuUum i* also a fub a 
enblt long, lh« body of which I* llko that of a fish. Mid it* face like tlie faca 

NoTB SI. 

Tlui i* a eominon phrasa to expreas utter dctulatioii. 



• R(* flmm'i CnllKHan of Vtyttn, toI. I. p ■«•. 

t -Wl^-Wtt'lsusppaUiiluUDiniiliiyfil iiy Iht Anhi In Jni^nale s number of bisnits adlveni 
Uthil *( III* MlhHiKet Bomcg). In Ihn riitthni patli ut Ihr »» <>r'1ilni. AilbMt Manili an nol 
tit uoilUiKd In nf a(l|ID*li 1 delei ibe tnMclkiu of kiuc SiCnudu of ilifin flvsn I17 Anb wdtsn. 




NoTB 22.— 0> lit RaW. 



Thi» eaormoui bird lint already bc<'n mcnliancd, and tomt idea of iti riie. in 
the o]iiiiiun uf llie Aiubs, hu« been cuiivcyvd by un aiivcJute in piigc 600 uf thv 
tccond volume of Ihin wurki but It la time to give Buiiie fiirtlicr ncrouiil «f It. — 
Ibn El-Wordcc mcntionti, among the iahu)d« of lli« S<<it of China, the [flnnil of ihe 
Riikb', anil nyt, "llic rukli', by (he iianio of which thi> iilund it knonn, ii an 
enomioiu and ritrBordiuary bird, of terrible appearance; *o much »ii tlial it i> aaiil, 
that tl)c length of one of itt viagt a about ten thouaoud futhoint I" Thli h« 
relate* on the aulhonly of a loologicfd work by El-Ijiini Ibii El-Jooxee, who had 
bvvn viiiled by on oyc-witneu of the bird, 'Abd Ei-Rahni&n £1-Mnghrabee, alio 
•umamed tlic Chineic, on account ofliii long roidencc in Cbinn, the pi-non iiien- 
tioiied in the onccdole above rderrcd lo. 1I« then nBir&te* two anccdales, one of 
wtiich is that juil mentioned, and another which would illustrate tlie incident 
to which tliii note lefen, but which more particularly agreca with on adventure in 
Et-Sindib&d'a Kiftli Voyago ; therefore ! defer tbc iiuertion of it. 

Of tliia bini, Mareo Polo heard during hii travels. He aayii, " The people ot 
tile itdaud [of Madagiwcftr] rejwrt Ibal al a certain ien»on of tlic year, an exuaor- 
dinaij kind of bird, which ihi'y ciiU a rukli', niaken ila appearance from the 
MUthem region, tn fonn il la aoid to menible the eagle ; but it is incomparably 
greater in lize; being lo lai^e and itrong as to acixe un clcpliont wilb it* lulona, 
%ni lo lifl it into the air ; from whence il leta it full lo the ^niiind, in order that, 
*b«B d«ad, it may prey upon tliv carcaie. Ptnona who hav« toon thia bird luivrt 
tliat wli*D th# wingi arc apraad Ihey nivaaiire liilevii pace* fn ezl«nt, from point 
to point ; and that th« f^atlivra arc eight pacra in tmglli, and thick in proportion." 
Ha aii» (hat tome meiwcngera sent to the blond by the Grand Khiin broiif;ht 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



01 



Wk with iktoi " a featlier of th« rukh' pmitlvcly afflrm^d to have mcuniKd 
nuiMjr (p«n(, uid ih* ^iul)-p«rt to have boon tvo palmx in cireumfcKnce." 
(Hondcn't Tratiil. p. 707.) 

I lisd liltli^ doubt lliat the condor Btiggmtod [lie inoTintrouH detcriptioni 
of tht rukli', at icvcrul wrilrn havp n-murki-ili und mnorig tht'sr, liiHliup Habor, 
who My* in lil« " Jourtml," " Li«ut«naiit Fisher (bot uii« vf ry \»le]y M Dogra, 
which mcauired ihirtpni feet between the tipi of Itii extended wings, nnd hod 
tsloni eight inchci lonji. Hi? wai of n deep binck colour, with b bald head 
and neck." But Mr, Hiirve]i, in bis dcsigni illustraliTe of Es-Siudibtid'i VuyagM, 
hu lakcii tJit^ Urarded vuilure aa tliv archetype of tb« rukh'; jiutlj ob«?ri'ing to 
mc, thnt the tuloni of the condor arc not to formcil ai. U> enable it to carry cIT with 
thim any weighty animal , and pointing otit to me, tJial a bearded vulture " killed 
in the French rxpcdilian to Egypt, and measured in ihc pmciice of MM. Monge 
■nd Bertliollet, ia wid by M. Larrey l<> have exceed«d fourteeu ruritiaii, or up- 
ward* of finern EngUth, ftiet," h-oin point to poittl ofiU expanded wing*. (Soo 
" GardcDi nnd Atcnogeric of the Zoological Society Delineated," vol. it. p. 181.) 
— ITie rukV, however, may be purely imaginary. If so, it may he > fabulnii* ape- 
dei of a fabuloui gcniii : but I ralhtr think that it is the same as the 'onka and 
•ecmurgli, wliicli Arab nnd Persian writer* have described in the like mon«lron» 
manntT. Kl-Kazweence ttatn, that the 'anka is the greatest of bird*; that it 
Carrie* ofl* the elephant oa the kite carries off the mnuar ; that, in con*eqnence nf 
it> carrying off a bride, (Jod, at the prayer of a prophet named Unndhnlah, 
baiLUhed tl to an inland in the Circumambient Ucctiii, unvinited by men, tindi^r the 
Equinoctial Line : thai it live* one lliuutnnd and *i<vrn hnndr^it yearn, &e. He 
alto *tal«ii, lh.1t when the young 'anka has grown up, if it he a female, the old fe- 
male bird htimi licrwlf ; and if a nialc, the old male bird doc* so. 'Hiis reminds 
u* of tlie phcmii. 

The dndgn of the bird and Ibg alephanti at the head of this note is copied, by 
pdTiuiaion, from a very beautiful Oiiental coloured drnwin}; In the libmty of the 
Royal Analic Society, bearin}; the folloviiiig title, in Pmian, "Tofwver Seemurgh 
yi Hukh'" (i. e. " Picture of the Seemiirgli or Kiikli': " but (he words signifying 
"or Itiikh'" ar« added in |)enci]). Beneath thi* titJa is written, " The Simurg, 
or Roc of the Arabian Night*." 

NoTt 23.— n* /1*rial t'oyagr. 

I acarccly hoped to find any narrative, related aa a fact, tliat could have tug- 
f[nUd the description of this wonderful adventure ; but I have succeeded In doing 
ao. HI- Kazweeiiee, in bis account of the Sea of Peiaio, rcbic* the following 
•necdiOite.* 

" TTte anthor of ths ' Kilih el-'AjAib' f saith, A man of Itfahin related to m; 
that h« was burdened with debt* and tlie expense of supporting hi* family ; ao he 
quhUd Ifbhin, and misfortunes so encomposicd him ihni he weiil to sea with 
MOW metchanta. Tbe waves, inith he, bent ns about until we ennie to the well- 
kaomi whirlpool (datdoor) of the Sea of Penia; wlierenpon the mcrehonts came 
to^tber to the master, and said, Dust thou know any way of etcnpc fur us front 
this prodicanMnt ! H« answered, O people, verily no ship escapeth from this whirl- 

> ^U sfiKdol* u 4Un rvlHisd by Ibn Ei-Vu4r*, who quot*' it fmn CI-Kuwhuh. 
I ■cnnl AnUe ODtki bcu Uiu lllle |lti> Bwk uI Wunileii). 



9i 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



pod MTC nich ru God (nhoic name be cuIukI !) willclh [lit ejcapcl : but if one of 
jrau will liberally give liimwlf for hit coiiipuiioiis, 1 will use my enileai'oum. 
Ppiluips God (w1i<itu tiAiuv W FXAltvd '■) will uv* u«. — So I Miiil, U p<!0]1Ic^, vte tut 
•U lu ■ place of detliuctlmi, ami I am a innTi wcnrird l>y misery. T uiehed fur drulh ; 
and ih^rt wm In Ihv uliip a porly of men or iHrnhiiii ; I thrrelorv utid tu tliviii, 
Swfftr thnt }'« uill diacliargr my drl>U, nnd bcI with bcnnUcdicv in my children, 
Mnd I will rBiMom ynu with mpcll^ And I lAJd to the muler, WImt dn*l thoii 
commnnd me lo do? H« aiwirertd, That ihou itnnd upon thii iilniid (for thrre 
wai near unto (lie wliirlpool an inlunil, lliv rxli>nl of wiiicli was aix days' j mi rue j 
«Lt!i their nighti). aiiA that tlioii craiir not to bpnt tliit drum.* So I replied, 
I will do it. Accordingly tliry iiworf tn m« K-vcri! oath* that llicy would comply 
with ilio condition llinl I had impoicd upon them ; nnd they gave nic of water and 
food what would iiillice me lomc day*. And I itood on the ihore of the iilntid, 
and hc^an to brat the drum : whereupon 1 beheld the wdIcr more, nnd they born 
the »hip nIonR, while 1 looked at it, imtil St wu out of my niihl, I then went to 
Atid fro upon the ttland, Hiid lu, I beheld an itland on which wai on eiiormou* 
lTt«, tucb lliat I hai'c not vecn any gr«al«ri and u|»)n it wai tomelhinR like 
D Iar)-e roof. And nl llie clour of the day, 1 heard a j,'reul, Tehemeiit, linrih voinsf 
and 1o, a liiigf hird, than nhieh 1 have not wrn any greater, came and alighted upon 
ibe ruofoii ihut tree. So 1 hid niyDclf, fearing 1«M h« «1iuu)il innke me hit ptry. 
ntilil the light uf morning appmachcd, when lie »1iook bin wingK. uiid llcw away. 
The next niftht, he came and alighted ognin upon bin neiit, and again I wa* (n 
deipnir of my life, atid «u content to meet dcflruction. I nppronrhed him ; bnt 
he ihewed no ho«IJIity lu me, and (lew awny in Ibe morning. And when the 
third night came, I sal by him without contitmintion, until be iiliook hit wing* at 
duyhrcEik : and on bin doing »o, I laid bold upon bii legs, and he Hew awny with 
me with a must riipid flight until the daylight rote, whm I looked towards 
the earth, nnd unw not aught uvc an abyu of water. Upon thin I wa« about lo 
quit my bold of hit Icgi, by ictuon of the violence of Ihc p«tn that affected me; 
but I constrained myself lo have patience, and, looking again nt the earth, 
I bi^held the villngi'i [or lowna], and the people looking at it [at tlie bird], and 
I beheld the dwellingi. Then it approached the earth, nnd teime down upon a heap 
of itrnw ill a threshing-floor belonging lo one of the villnget, after wliifh it left me, 
and soared ilitti the sky, nnd became absent from inc. And the people collected, 
and convoyed mn to their chief, and, haiing biougbl to me a man wjio understood 
my language, tliey (aid to mc, UHitnce art tliouT So I related to them my whole 
ator^', whei'ciipon they wondered at mc, and ihcy nifrored me to remain with thnm, 
and the chief gnve orders to prciciit me with monej-. I remained with them «omc 
day»; and haTiiig wnlked one dny to the sca-shote to divert niynclf, lo, I met the 
■hip of my companions, who. when they bchelil me, haatcned tn mr, oxking 
ma reqwcling my ewe. And I atiswered them, O people, verily I gnvc mytclf 
mwKf for the tak* of God (who*e name be exalted '.) nnd iie delivered me in 
■ wondarfiil way, and made me a lign unto men, and btruod me with wealth, and 
brought mo lo the place of destination before yon. — Tliia u a wonderfid story, nnd 
it i« not [a com] farctgii from the grace of God, whose name be exalted '. " ] 

• Tin wcti ii "iluhul" tPtniuik. IdBij lopf of EI>Kuincn», (tastttin i*, and inihslol Iln 
ElWsrrln. abkt, li fit (or d*i. 

( I msd "btdaln'' urilhottl Ihttcantn, ■■ hidil") forn word nblth 1> witrtm •' liuiliwwiir In mji 
MH. orn-KsiwHiu*. uidHhlFh b iinfrilikln Is Ihe Imncrtpt sf (lili inveiliite In my npy vf IWi El- 
Warlw. 

1 In sIb lb* Ihlid (aniraiih a( HaU I In Du pnsMil i 



NOTES TO CKAPTE:!! TWENTIETH. 



OS 



Not* 24. 

nieugb 1 bcUtre tlttt there i* n» koown oibiunte vith vhkh ike dioaioad cu 
be ncf or jnmtiJ, txeeptixig JU Mm MbaUnce, I think it not improbable lliat llie 
Caslrm l^idkriei nujr be •eqioiiHtd will) mmm or*, rrally, or *iqipoMd bj tlm 
tab*, Mionof l«ail,bf which >i mqr be irviiM, and ih«t ibii i> aluit ii bw» ciB»d 
" the l«Mt-«tan«," or " the ilone of Itki." It ii ««1! knom that thote ifiaMOad* 
which arc unfit fer any other purpoie thtoi that of cutting aud grinditif othcti are 
broken in a tteel mariar. 

Sm aboTi^ the tfaird pangnaphoTNote 13. 



Nat* 26. — Ti* VaBtf of liiamomit. 

El-Kax«e«ncr, after dcicnbing the diuDOnd,— aiding, " tt breaketh all other 
sloac* excepting [that of] lead (cl-nirub*}; for if it he ittuek with tliit, ibe 
diamond breoketh." — relatei aa ibllovs : — < 

" To th« place In which tbe diaiDOiid fa foond, no one can gain aoceM. It ia 
a Tallej iu tbe land of India, the bottom of uhkh t!ie nght reachetb not ; and in 
it an TtnamoMi ««rp««t> which nn toe ateih bui he ditOtt and Uwy bare a «bi»> 
■HT-diod* far NX monlbi^ and a wtiMer-ahode [wbote thcjr hida ihematlve*] fix 
ibe like period. Et-kkeodec [eltlwT Akntandn ibe Orat oc (lie fitat Zo-kKw 
B*]mt] conmanded to take aorae mimn and to throw ibeiH Into the TaOey, diat 
ibc acfpcnto might tee in then their forai, aud die in consequence. It u aaid 
alto thwt be watched tot the time of tbetr abaeatii^ tlieoateh-ea [oc rettrii^ into 
llieii w inter -^WTten}, and threw down ptoCM of IBtat, aitd diamwidt Uuck to 
tlicae : then the bird* came from lb* Ay, and took piaeea of that meal, and 
brought ibcm up oat of the ralUy; wherfopem PJ-Iakender ordeted bla cob- 
paoiotu to follow the birdt, and to pick np what Ibcy eosilj could of the nwal. 

The valley ot Tollejri of diantond* we alio find drimbed by other wrilera, and 
among tbe*e by Marco VtAa, in his account of the kinsdoni of Murpbili or Moimil. 
Urn, obaerrea Mr. Manden, " >• no other than Mnchli-patan, or, ai it ia more 
ca nU BO u ly aam»d, Matull-patam ; the nunc of a principal town, by a mittake not 
luraiiMl, bring ubtiituled fee that of the coanttj. ... It hclongi to what wm at 
ooe period termed llie kingdom of Goloceida, more andeiuly named Teluigana, . . 
Go^pond^ of which UaBulipalam ii the principal a ta por t, ia cclebeatad fe (b* 
f a JiW tie* of diamnndi. In the oMronomicnl obtemtteiM of Mr. Topping, printed 
fat IMrTmple'* Drimtal Rcpctloty. mcntian it made of the famou* diamond-mint* 
af Golcooda, at a place named Malrellcc, i»ot for fl'om Eilorc. Vol. i. p. 135. 
Cmmt Credericke, wbo waa at Bijanagar in 15^7, mentiaiM that the diamond- 
■■mea were nx days' Joamej from that tity."I — Ea-StadiUMl'* adrenturc in the 
*allay tf diamond) haa been omply illuitrated by ih* leanMd writer fhxn whom 
the aborc rematki are borrovcil, and hv Hoic; and 1 iball ^itole tome of tbctr 
libailiiatiiaii, after ituetting an extrift from Marco Polo'i IVavcli. 

" In the mDuntaini of this kingdom " [of MurphSi], aaya the Venetian Tra* 
•aUar, "it it that diamond* are fotmd. During ibe rainy leaaati the water 



• D-XaT<)**M*B7i.lBU(MNaal«(ktnrMW.iliMMabH*tia«kJal*rMa. tnOmJUUt 
It. akmr. 

» »« i«t I. ». B. t U(n«r.'> Man rt)it,n- **» — *»*■ 



M 



KOTKS TO CHAPTER TWRSTtETH. 



deicenda in violent toTTtiiCi nmongsl (he mckx nnd ctvcmii, nnil when Ihrio huva 
■ulnit]v<l, the people go (u iear«li fvr diainoiiil> [n the beds of the rtvcn, where 
lh>y find ninny. MfMcr Mnrcn «na (i>M thnt In the auiuinrr, wlipn ihc lient ii 
rxcctaiB and there m no rain, they uecnd the mniintnins with gii'Hl fstigiio, w 
wrll u with considcTBhli' danger from the numhcr of •nnko wllh ahich llicy mra 
infHtcd. Near the lummil it ii loid there ore deep Tntleys full of caTcmi and 
futtvunded hy prvcipiccMi, umongit wliieli tlie itiuniotidi an found, nnd here many 
eagles nnd wliiK utork*, attracted Ity the «niik«s on which (hey feed, are ac- 
cuitoiued (0 make llieir ncata. The pennnt who nrK in qiic«t of (he dianiundi 
take llieir slsni) near the ninu(hi nf the cavcma, and from thence cut down tevonti 
pieow of lleth, which the eagles and itorka piinuc into the vnlleyn, and cniry off 
wldi thtm In th<! top* of the rocki. Thither the men Jmmcdialcly ascend, drive 
the birdi a*ay, and recovering the piecei of meat, frequently find diamonds (tick- 
ing tg them."* 

Mr. Mar*d«n, in a note, alludes to the adventures of (U-SitidlbAd, and says, of 
Ihv Arahiaii Tales, " Tliese tales, an appears from the mciitJon ol' person* nnd cir- 
cumstances in the coiimc of the narrative, must have been composed cUirfiy in the 
thirteenth century, and one of them in particular la fixed, hy an ostronomieal ob* 
servntion, lukeu by a siugulur personage, to (he year yiUS," But surely ihii dut«, 
cv«n if it were the lama in every MS. (which ii tiot th« ca»f f), would prova 
notliing more than that the talo in which il occurs vas not compmed hefart this 
period ; or rather it should lead ni to infer that the tale wai composed 'on// ■^er, 
«* il prufcsne* (o relate era nta of ancient times. — Mr. Mariden afterwards Iran- 
*crib««, from Hole's ingenious work, part of a quotation ftuni Epiphnnius; upon 
wliii'h he remarks, "Thus it ni>p<iiit« incontroverlably, that so early a« the fuurtk 
ccntuQ' of our era, the tale [of the vnllcy of diamond*, nnd of iho mode of procur- 
ing the prrcloui (tone* fWim il,] wo* current, divested, it is Inic, of the cxtroordi- 
nory incident of the adventurou* mitor's eicnpc, but in confonnily with what wai 
related to our author [Marco I'olo] ; with the exception of the scene being laid in 
Scythia or western Tanary, where, in fact, dlaiuondu are not found. The qiic*tion 
of locality," headda,**]* howerer determined by another oriental navigator, Nicolo 
di Conti, who Tinted the coast of the pcninnila in the finccnth century." He 
then give* a quotation from lhi> navigator, differing little from the itory of Marco 
Polo giv<n above, and that of Epip1i»uiua afterwards alludi-d to, but making the 
alte flfUen day*' joiirney from Bi^iniigat (or Kjaoagar), towards tlic north. '-Hole 
observes (In page 00), thnt a story somewhat reietnhling this of the vullry of 
diamonds is recorded in the travels of Benjamin of Tudela (Engl, traiial. p. HI) ; 
and that the translator suppose* it to hare been borrowed from the Thuimand and 
Due Night*. " I, however," he adds, with belter jiidgnient, " rulher nia|>ccl, that 
the acconnl of Benjamin of Tudrta aud of Es-Sindihid were derived from some 
common origin." 

KoTR S7. 

My sheykh rcmnrki, in a marginal note, that many men strike their hands 
together when (hry are enraged ; that persons dnp their hands also (o call n ser- 
vant, >B the Franks ring n bvU ; and likewise to testify joy ; and that some of ttic 
performera of zikn do so. On nrioug oocMions uf rejoicing loo, or for amnse- 



< MaiMlen't Hsirvfsle, pp. «1! sail MK 



I Bt* nl. I. p*«t !». (KM* M-l 



IBM, Mdtoeotiia iiimw, with 



NOTU TO CHAFTER TWBMTIETB. 






KvntS. 

Ib lb CUeWu rdidoD rf tb fint tB« knlnJ Kiftdi, mJ is T -f^lW 

Uw «y Rnicn, ** Boba ;' bm I d* Mot kavs id; bUb4 •> mmti. Fraa A* 
iM»|ih<ii ini« liiin mmtipoeJ, «ad iW lUaoecnw lAcrMaiA^ aad* Wiap Uai 
i<brfU«, 1 AnACMttkitSntfnktlMHtaAMML (Sm Ik Ma«d p«» 
pi^ rf Nato IS, te Ik* prani toW Sm ^» Ac fasA ^^iffc «r ib 
naa Mir.) Mr. Hi toi a^* AM At f | hin h ii <■« bm gnw «7>Wr 
•otWH>iHk<if tlwBMi miUMAt tmtat Vadt tt «ifhg «w pa tet d I7 a 
ma IB SwHin Md Bof»M; bt f iriiif 1 W agflSm the fat nawk Mlf M 
Smwtn; far 1 bdWn ihMOfattM gnm la&»MMh (TA* Rm h BnM. B« 
dte ehMTTOt Aat At cufhoMMa rf Oina mat laftM, " Am mtj ^i d at if 
iha UBwIgrtiMpwriag ia fHi, Mdlhgaah^a— J r^j—Ut I'wbu tint ••• 
b Mt » be CMfcndcd «ilfe Om mmfknf nm af ' ' --■■■■ 

Jaa tmmAMt far in gKM «m, hu h af ■ gnai antmly £nact ha iha 



Svn 10. 

Ia Iha Ura «i£tMD ( uuu w hu mI j ), •* tufcrria : ~ ■ 
•bMbAd." 

Nars to. 



TWmrd -'abk- I kor* mdmd "At 
tka kcch," or 



lamiariraMi'' b< 



[31. 



8» b Ae 
■ Ai 



«€ A* 



if Ota I 



Et-EaswccH* nja, la kia 1 
e«m4 baadk, tka c«n af «ladiii 
hoTB. UkatkflnMa: a(idAaaipi/iB| 
it Iha fat* ef a h^wmoML. Tlat bBMch," ka 
i«rteKk«>«rbfia.' Hai 
1 asd M^iML-El-UMaM gtaaa a I 
will iililiili 'in-' "■■- -. lillii rifirti ifit ■ fill I 
i M n*» i l K%ki%aBdiW«di«wirfLa«^; iif i rMlj r At kt. Ha a^iw Am 
ta WW iktaufw a' kona^ «h(n cM, a* aeea Aa %v*a <f smi, lardiv fee^ ^o- 
faet^pMKMfad Is wUm; tad mm wiA imm ot aada gltda^ af kl|k 
T^tpidhaawiiHwiilhihat— IwkfiiMwiilii 
piecitMUtaba ■ tkai^wd fi ten af gnid. 




>nfc|»«Ua«w. 



.►.m. 



IMI 



96 



NOTES TO ClUrTER TWENTIETH. 



Notr. 33. 

" Th« ocoounl of the rliinoccroii, and itji combnl irith the *lephant," uyi Hole 
(pp. 61 and 63}, iifl«r allowing for (in« or two trtflin); addition!, agteea wjih wliU 
b MJd liy Pliny (Vol. Hist. L. viii. e. 20), .Elian (Not. An. L, xrii. c. <■*), nnd 
Diodani* Slculii> (I., ili. c. 3]. 

NOTB M. 

Sod iIio KpmciiiAtion of tha tMinurgh or Tukli' and the dcphuit* tn page yO. 

NoTK 35. 

ThM* word*, " and God ii all knowing," &c. are an ajHilogy of the writer for 
Rialing met) lie*. 

Nora aa. 

In tlio CalcutU ndtlinn of the tirtt (wo hnndrpd Nlghtti, and Jn Langlj«' edition, 
"llto ialandi of the wild, downy [crcnlurta]." 

Not* 3T. 

In the two editions jiiat mentioned, they arc ilcncribcd u mi downy i^rratiirca. 

Notn 3S. The hland of Jprt. 

What is cnlled in my tranalntion (tVmn the Cairo edition) " ihe ffountain ot 
Adti," in named in tlie edition of Ilrciiaii, " the Itland of .\pp* ;" and Ibn El- 
Wardee give* llie following account of it. — " .\nionp the islsnds of the Sea of 
Chinn in the I*land of .Vpei. It ia large, and in it are ninnhy forcitu, and nume- 
roiu a]>e> : and the apes liaie n king (herv, lo whom Ihcy lulimit tlieniiielvei : ihey 
carry him iijwn ihvir •lionldeni and their neckn; ami he gori^rnelh ibe isltuid to 
(hat none opprfftaoth another. Tliose, however, who com* to Ihcin in (liij)*, Ihey 
torture with hidng and acrntchlng and itoning ; but (he people of tbn two Iilniida 
of KharUla and Atnrtlin ' employ ilratagcnii afpiinit them and hunt llicm, nnd kII 
them for a high price. 'ITie people of LU-Vrmeu desire them much, and take 
them 01 guards of [heir sliopi, likt' iitavt* ; anil ihoy are endowed with cxlrvm* 
ncutenesi." — El-Idreeaee (Ul Climnte, ith Scecion) givc« a similar aveouni ; but 
stales that tliii Ulond in two day*' royngc IVom that of Su^n^rs (or Socofra). 
There ia, however, a conlniiicty iu hi> text ; and thnuj;h what i> aaid of the Inha- 
hitanti of Khnrt&n and Martin acema to favour the opinion that the island iu 
<|U(!stian is nut fur from Arabin, I lliiuk that it is Sumatra. It is very pro- 
bable that dilTFrFnt navigators iifleii de«ignatvd the Mime iiiliind by dillerent 
name*, and ibus misled the geographer*. El-Idreeiee also dcHcribes the apes ai 
of a Ttddith colour. (See the note immrdiatoly preeiding thia.) Creature* In 
the blond of lUmin (or Sumatra) four spana higli, and witii rrd downy hiitr on 
ihdr ftwi^ bare alrtady been mentioned (In ih« aecond parogrnph of Notn 13 in 
(he present aerie*), on ih* authority of El-Kazveenec, who llkewiae inys, ''The 
•iiilon relate Ihat when the wave* of the Sea of Cliinn nre tumulluaus, thcrn 

• TtKH im ulanda. nri El-ll>t«ai«. belunj) U Iht piariiwc af Sbi^r lla the nldUla «f Ike ioulb- 
cul <aul of AnbUI. 



KOm TO CBAMKK mjiTIKTB. 




»M*a». 




■ri rf Loch iU^ ■• «« * «r* 

Sm Nate as W CWpur U. 



n> 



)VX 



i<(»MI I 






;«iiii rim tmmmi.' 

B^. L M.. 

VOL m. 



» W II I J ■<! 



^ 



ikaiit, »r 1 



•M^ia 



98 



HOTES TO CHAPTER TWEXTIETH. 



*■ UljmM Md hu friand* TfTc mere rcclsMU in Hmr moft tnm Polypliarae, 
baiHiffirrrioeariyiii theHmcBUBMrb^AtiiiiilMtMaiid hu gigtntic ■tundMli."* 

NoTi 43. 

El-KaivMtiM nyi, duU w»oiq[ Ac creMwta of iW Sm of CUm «re "two 
cnoniKiiu (crpFUti, llul CQCae fonh npcn the bad, and oa* ef Qum «iU twatlov 
the buflUo or th» ritphnlt aod •lad iiaM roand > tn* oc rock, ud *o brf*k in 
piMM lb boMi «r tlM «DinMl in lis MIj. " 

Kcm 44. 

The nunc of iIm iilind u ihin writteo b LangUi' fdhkn and by EI-IdncMS t 
In the CHlro raition, " EK-ScUhiiab ; " in Dm CtlraUa vdidoai of Oi* fim two Inia- 
dred Ni^hu. ■' Es-SrUmi; ; " uid in itt* BrMlau •dUton, " E1-^>UmuIi." It bu 
been m-rntioned in & {imoet note (Note 12 in the ptoent (cries, fourlb paragraph); 
and from wlist >* ibne niJ, I soppoie it (o be near Jara. In mf copy of El- 
I^UWMBM, It* naiiw U «TitI«n E*-Stliini(. He tay, " Fron it ar* biOu|4it 
Mtadai-wood, xpjkrnard, and mnpbori t ■ • ■ ■ and in it ia • (pring (hal ipouteth 
up, ibe watrr b>»1iDf[ froen il, and acaa il ti a lake, bto whidi il deKendelb : wbal 
rtrmsineth of the qrinUed waMr in the daj- becometli ahite Mooe, and nlul rc- 
matni'th of It la iba nlglit baoomMli black aUin*." El-ldmat* ( 1*1 Climate, Sih 
S«ctlan) ddicribci in it a ecnutantlf and ne«*diiiflj aclir* Tolcano. Saeb a rol- 
cano there ii in the idand called in our mafa ■■ SM^Mwa." 

NoTB 46. 

Tli» word* " «lier« aandal-wood ii abundant" are inantad on ibe authority of 
Iho Cakutia edition of the 6ru two hundred Night4, aad Lan^fa' adidon. 

KoTS 44. 

Hera b added in my «ri|;iMt, " asd I waa nbcaargad at the blasd, with th« 
ml who werv subiuet^ :" btit Ihii waa dvting the Fint Voyage. 

Note 47. 

Here tli* ma«t«r «ay». that oiany were drowned at that iiland, and £>-Sindib&d 
of the Sea among thcni : bill ihi* again nttn to the Fini Voyage. 



NoiK 18. 



»E»-Sind" i« Weilem India. 



Nna 49. 

El-Kaiwwnee and Ibn El-Wardee relate, dtat in the Sea of El-Kuliumi it a 
li*h in the furui of a cow. whioh btingeih forth ita young mid atickJeth tike a cow. 
TTw Calcutta edition of the flr«t two limidrvd Nights, and Ijingl^*' edition, nien- 
lion theao paitieular*, and add, '• and shields are nmdc of il* eViri," The same 
tditioni oIm hare neotion " liih twenty cubits lung, a tortoiMt Iwraly cubJU Mldv, 



) Ih ei'lditMM, Iiifiuda(caniititR,"al«TM.- 



ITBeEMtM. 



NOTES lO CHAPTBR TWEXTIBTH. 



99 



and fi^ in Uic rorm of cwdcIi." TIm two Arab writm quoud abort n*, Ibat ■ 
(lie Sea of El-KtiLtiun b m fhli Iwtnty cuUu loag, Ott bwk vf wfajeb is [Hw] 
eXMDrnl tortoiar-dwll, Mtd it brinfcl^ fonb joonjt Mil cocUelh like bumaa bring*. 
El-KssVMiM* alw itlMn^ Ibi in ib« Sea of ChiM •» ■■ lortoiM* ncfa tMNiy 
cubiu ill dnconifeRMc.* Etcb of tben." he «ddt, "bjuch • iboMMBd •fp: 
•tJ Ills i> bund at tbc iibod of Wik-Wik." f— But (kwa an tM aaalL Brmt 
toNottS. 

■* The ■cvmM ef iInm anaMb," obttr tj Ilole (pp. 90 tt Mff .^ "■«»•(•» 
b* aUiibnlad I0 a licfnlioai cxubcnacc of bocr in tin Arabiwi taUux. He 
Miglit bar* MOi in £lUa (HtiL An. L. ktL c. tru.) tbat tiwln h n «b«Be tbeU* 
«•!• fifteen eobitt in length, antl MCddttiy lage la coici a boBM, vera to be 
tend MV Hie blud of TaprabM*. FUiv (NaL Hi«. L- ix. e. z.) mA Slnb» 
(Oeo^ L. XT.) mnitlan the MMt eaKaaHttaec: they UkcwiM tm th^ fwd* 
dooiti nd Mfi tbal atn uwd lo rav a then n m a baaL DjoJmm Siealni wd^ 
to tlMv taatiMonr, aied hmw oa (8. UL c IL), mi lb* Britfc af m tnrtwtoi. ifaat 
tfca CbeloMplMgl (or AdMA-aabn) dtnTcd ■ ibreefaM tdraatig* tnax Aa ur- 
, «Ucll •aeMteaally mppCed Uicni rilii ■ teat to ifaeir faouam, ■ boat, Mtd ■ 
, . I have been oAnati that boat^ nwie of okfcer, and eatewd aith 
D^ reatmblhn the "tfet Atn of a UHoitet aie faniwdy wed br paaiag 
> ia diflemri part* oT ladia. Uajr va net a^poa* ibiA toawa le obaerra- 
M faaffeah ea Mflw. or aiHy niveptcantMiMi of ihe aatirca, aitU in llib 
Banjrotlm ttapccn theTegngcnorHtifDiijrt Bean ef a iwJIw mihbCbh 
r la h« foBd in Walo, «hcre they hc caBal Cwaefei. Thiy agpiai t* ba A» 
'•una ast^ia of Pliaj, and are Mippaaed to hafc dcritad ihair iWHa ftwii hala^ 
careiad wiA ten* oa hidea. Thief are mcntiatted lifcewiM by Fa ear aad Locaa. 
^TIm fiifa Eke a oow najr be iMeoded for the hinm|iiwa«^ «hoaa tkia, aa 
Fln^ a b a t ff M ^ ia aeafeely to be peectnucd br any wmw 11 af, Md ihataAica 
J, mUb gnat probaUlity, bare been oatd aa a oaacng fat haeklBa hf 1 
[SytUi. it ia aaid, are nadt of the h^pifiia»M' bide ^ tb Ni 

II "iitiiiii ihiilil iifiliihiili iifitiniiiri iiibltimiiit— MCliaiBui I 

«hich)k andaiMther «f erooedile't Ude^] . . . Ut ohaarvaa, that tbaae aai^alififa 
[hiiliKiiiiilj IB men, at in (be oeca% «t an iha laad. . . . The Manatee, at 
ICaa^ ^rtf likewba with E»«iadMd'a aeoMM, «ri b ta ba bod a tba 
rilaarftb^ Aa FUUppiae, and tba CcoMrf idM^: iImcUm iia jaa«. Ska tha 
[aial aad psrpoiaai aad the donal patabnaaea of the latter wwU MKmKj a^- 
JfMt ta AnUaa aaaan the idaa ttm emmL" 

KonM. 

A craatara with ibe bead of an an in the Indian Saa ■* inrnlifaiid ^ Fl^ 
L (KM. HiK. Ua.e. iiL— See HtOa, ^ M) ; a aaO a oAaa widi dw ba^ af 
[botaai, aadofbolbr bat «hat codU h«*a piu,iiliiil the idaef tW ■'bvdtet 
fecncdi ftnb from the «a Jia H " ailfaa it wire the nMlihii. I «ai —tJt t* 
'CMJactata. 

NotkM. 
•'GboU." hira,m^dptil> merely a eawfcaL Saa nlaaa i. page M 




1 1* t>a Bt-Wa^K ">'% oMa^ ^ teir 4 



100 



NUTEK TO CHAFTiiH TWENTIETU. 



NoTK £3. Thr Camdbal* teka tbipify andfatttn MtH, end titit tat IXevt. 

The adventure uf Eii-!>in[]ibii] aX (lie 8i», e.nA ha% companions, among Ihrne 
cannibal* appeiir* to b« mninly foiiinlcil on ilic rullowiiig niivoiluto, rvlalril bj' llni 
Cl-Wardro and lU-Kaiwconcc In trnnalating il, I avail mj-icif of ihc namtivn 
of both ilitic writrra. 

"Among (lie inlBtida of ihc Sei of the liciij (or EtliiupiaiiB) i> llie Island vf 
SektAr.* Yiuikfiob Ibn Ir-ljAk, tlie tnrtUer, muiIi, I nivl «ilb a man Laving manjr 
■crnlchci on lit* face, and uikcd him r«>pccting ihcm, and he laid, I ncnt ii]wn the 
•ca, and ibo wind drove me to the liland of Sekifir, and we fould nut depart &om il 
on account ut' tin- violrnce of ibe wind. And there came to ua u pcuple wbotie facet 
w«rv like till' farvK of dngi, anil ihcit bodies like the boilien «i men ; and one of 
thoiii camr furward to iia with o tXaff, niiil u parly came behind in, and drove n* 
lo their nbodfi, HJitrc vrc »w tculln and Irgn and arms of mm. Tlicv then took 
III into n hmiie in which i*ni a lick man, and brongbl ns &iiila and ullier fuod, 
whcrcupun that man said. 11iej feed ^on that ye may become ful. and bini among 
you who Ib fal tliey eaL So I tie littlp, that I might not grow fai ; «ud every one 
of my compnnioni who becsnir fnt (hey ate, until only I and thM nian rrmained ; 
for I was lean, and be wni ill. And that man laid tu me. A fotival of IheJn hatli 
arrived, and ibi-y all go out to eelpbrale It, and are abBeiit ol it llirre days : so tf 
thou eaiitt mnke thino etCMpr, do w : but aa for mr, a* Ihou aeeet, I am unable lu 
move, and eimnoi flue : »ec tlien to thyself. I therefore rrplird, Mny <iod compm- 
wte thee with I'amdiie ! 1 went forth, and jounieyed by night, and hid mjielf in 
the day. And when they relumed ftvm their IViittval, Ibi-y learclied (at me. and 
followed [iiy track, and overlook me a* I lay ben«iith n Irte j but they quitted 
me." — 'JliiB ia not the whole of tile auecdulv; but ihi! remuiiiing portion I reserre 
for B mbiieqiienl note ; nt il illiiatrnl«s im incident in (be FiMi Voyagr. 

Uarco rolo'n actrount of the inhabitant! of the Andaman lilondu, which he 
call* " AnKamnn." remarkably ngreci with what ii uid above of tlie canni- 
bals of Seka£r: and though thin island ia deacribed ■< in the E^tbiupion Sea, we 
might almott conclude, from hii stalement, that, if the anecdote which I have 
Ju*t given be not entirely a Action, it* narrator was cn*t upon one of the Aiida- 
mana. "The inhabitanti [of Angaman]," uyi the Venetian traveller, "ar« 
idohuen. and are a most brutish and Mvage rac«, liaving head*, oyee, uiid inrth, 
reeembling (boie of tin' canine fjiefifi. Their di*po*iti«na arc crnd, and every 
pcraon, not being of their own luitioii, whom llicy can lay their bniida upon, they 
kin and eat,"t— Our author might pcrhopa also have beard of an iiloiid in the 
Sea of India, called the Island of Kl-Ka;r (or the Pavilion), on which, aa related 
b^ EI-Kaiwcrii«R, ix a vldUi pavilion, and whoever cnl«r« tKia, tl*fp and iiurnrifri- 
iiJy ovncmnc him, and the inhabitant* tako him. — But wrcral dtcunotancet 
eonncicled with the odvrnium of Es-Sindiblid on the island of the coiniibala teem 
rather M (mint out Svmnira a* ifae acene; and 1 tliiuk it moat i>ruhnblc that ibiB 
i*land i( meant bj" Sck*ir."! Holo obi>ervo> (pngv III), " Notwiihilanding the 
itrikiug nmitarily between the inhabilnnt* of Ihc Andanuuia and Es-Sindi bid's 

* Hm mtMcnjili}' of llili ouaa li douliifut . U» ilgiu wblch Hould Di il Ulnj omtilnit 

( Utt*J«^ tiuslMln. puja HIV. 

I la U>r piUMB whkh dntrltei SOuii u lu ihc 3« uf llic Xrnj, i rnvriil '"'f puhitd luivt yut 
'■ ^wL'tof - JWhij" (1 nim* nl lloram), iipen nhioh SuuuiIM <> tsld !d b*» usn i)*p«ad«il. »m 
iha ttalnl vuvpipk a( Kw II In iba priHai ihIh. TUIi ciioi Id litaxtlpilDB mr—n, iMfesd ■ 

H,|g luit bnankdc ia ant mt ithlcTi t tuvt tlitirti Ui j runwi agit, Ko. ir. 



KOTES TO CHArTER TWEVTIETU. 



101 



W 



twrfiT it morr pnbaUc iImI b* «M »»»ct«4 m dw 

iiUiliMiiifrrriiTli it ntliiii wi iliii Ji ■■« iwlniiiiij ■jrli iu tn^Uiuteia 
M^ I Mil !■ !■ wdcr to Ml tboi. Tb Hnlw—ilm tmcjloi in thr tmA 
cMtor dnerihe iW» « OMiOak Ml ihw tf Ibt kfa«ddK of 6«ti . 
to tUi 4aj^-* la Iwy ' (S^mbb), m^ MwJirnii. ■ ia a nwirf 
to *ri MM Mm ^MtraoHa laadi* dM wyMkcrflMka. .. . lUIn 
giD ■■n haiaiiMi Md hjBuii ailh liiii ihilihw. In iili lii liiw iif !>■ iiaMiii. 
aad An bram [bo;] hon: ni lif Uvi bca Eitta, dwi «*«■ hftn: ami nf 
thei beo tuv. dw> Mia ha^ iflfe iM bM falta, mJ ibMM iW cCai hM.*~ 

TW faadvycb Mfifad iba cMfawMW af E^HpAU ww ^ mfftm to 

ta« bMI SSMd «ilb h^l, bMbaM, bdkboM, dtfM^ « opOK i a of -fcUl 

an oS^ ■«< in nrioo* M^Mriaa cf ibe Evt fa tUi yp»w>, Ihaa^ man 

ft^Mlif to iadwc • pl(MW»> JMaJwliM Hale NMfb (>•«■ tan, ^ 

-Dmi>bDwiM ta SoMOa b Ibe r«« tS^ mj*, • la ihm tavmtrj iiitn h » 

kialarieci.«bm*r a GttU baioc a-M. Mfcrtk ■ mm to ton IM, al i 

Ma^^tobfatobawMMrrkM^--— -Daqto," alto, ba 

d«M tlHt Aa 'fbaftitoiHa arSnute 'uakc im rf • Mt^ bab 

caU Gai|a or Bto^ vbieb, if inl toeJ in mj U^mc; axaito Hi 

AoM tki torte b liter « T«i7 wU BMMr. acmdbig to Ai 

fa flOMT li itofMoii atooi n toaa ^ wa^, Mban aair^a ^h i^na ^Bto sa^' " 

na lam - b«4.-* ar - bi^- b ifffiad b; A. .\nbi baib to bM9 mJ I 

Aa fatoar, froto tha Aeto ifaw dtambcd, apyi Mi to ba bar* 

■HV BftW Decs WBOnBt df utf MtO PC ^ttPg pRipCfn €■ **^^ I 

ktij I la* wtdi -Be bi«r.--— It ii Mnsh uili— ij to ^U, i 

NmsU. 
- E»S.dihU-* Madfaf d|ht Affi [ar ama ^ «a l«lto1 kA* W fa& 

|Kt«<dH CMrtwilMC ^MwiA I I II , ,f 

..■■ .-^ «■■■.— t..—.- fj.^ -. .^ inii|iitiiiiffli 

pMdB*r » af Smmh.- ( BaK mC» U».) 





i nan toa vrtog V 

'Hubs Mtfa 

<cnp<miM in aajr of tba Eaatora 
tobepvrtd: bat tfa bnU «f Iba 
irircintn m ifa 

["■I UMd a^fM4 •■ be Mt toy 

I wfan An Mton ■ ■ 




' naav «M aat enact 
«>A AateivK^aa a c^ 

Aaan*Aajrk4fC^. 



-•-—yj.** 



irf*a- 



■ M-R 



lllfc- 



I CH^mm TwcvnzTH. 




i*aa 



• Jiki 



Indi* 




>&. 



or-** fetairt Avftr I tei 1 



19 An 



• * 1W< 

111-- TtoMhgr 






bkan 



b^ 






tChf 



KOTGS TO CBATTER TKESTIETIL 



103 



Ibo Q-WvdM. afur Utu^ ginn tW brief oMk* mHA I han v»Mi ta 
Note S3 b tW |mwM (oiM, KipMiiv Uw UanaoTtb* RdUi', MddwfcUiAR 
■ liUh ii ru niiniii nn ifcr ■m^mTT if '^H £p-B«^aiB EHfa^frf**. iil lii 
two MKdoCn tf iIm an. bodi of >likh m tDcMsd aM^ A* hntorical uKitolH 
rftb«C:w»»aiiow«rih<TlMM«alwJO»»S%to. Oni« fi«wr I h«*« givM • 
liiiMkitiMi ill !■!> l¥m rf ilii iirnail nlamt nt Jtm — r^ TW tHMr I oniturf 
&«« Atf 1 M^ >M Mk^ta Ik* wiMMMi or Ea^aAU to vUil lUi Mto. 
and tlw oDt aboM nAriMl IB. nlUfc It ii givcB ta tba BI-WHiM** nek m U- 
krvx 1^ Mvlf in lb* ^ vdtib in A* ItaMBd md Ow X^|^ a UA 

" He ^J dm b* BMd* a TopK* ia lb* Sea oT CImm, «ri tSe «M Ara>* I 
la a pMi; k^v, »U« U>D<1. >b<T« the people W the ihi^li"M** I 
mat iie wnj, ta^Ht vilb i^n uei ^d npM mtt mttm'ikhM, mii ha «■• widi 
rtnn Aad b*r m« npaa dw iJail a Ja — , wUtt^ «f cmomh aia^ flWa^ 
gHMaio^ a«m iku a boadnd c^ib U|k. Sa ae}- WH M>nrfi il a^ 
ifiaiia^adii,Midk^it ntantBaf^nUi'. Hmjt l«fM la Mft* h vllfc dtt 
■seaoMlwidi HMM afmck a^ wUi voo^ ma it UAr, ami airiaij &a 
j«n^ rakV, wfakh «M liU a >(■ MODOuni ; aad iWjr mi^ Wd rf a liaAtt 
ctlnwimg, mn4 poIUic; w l w wp M ht beoaa ifai»iTiifa» Aa wwf ; mJ 
Aa faaaim ar Oe leMfcen >» Bot MBflata. Ahr Aa tWy kOad At Uri. 
aMl cartud ivn m nadi a the; cooU «/ ili tmk, Tbj alw est cf iW k«w 
ponin of thr frulMT. hm iW aalmaitj af the ^ aH I pat, nd dip a tid. AaJ 
aaeortLDW-hofMMdiWM>^had«aokadaf&altA,a«d««a>. Aaa^ 
Ant van «U nan *U«Ula kadi; nd wba* ihay aaa* a tfe aMMc ^T 
fand tlua llMtr baardi l»d Woaa Uaefc ; tad M ««a aT ifct patfl* «ba laa la- 
eaaa ipap rft« tbat : whatiatw Af ^l, that the Mick mAmUA A^adnad 

OadbdUnamat. A»d wbm Aeion nae, aad ibapaaple MtabAa A^ai4 
^vwpiaeecA^wiifa ihca, l», tbe rakV [dHoUUtd] ^paacbid. caan^ 
do»»iawawa«dawd.baTbightodawafrni—tofaaawaai«, Bbaa^ec^ 
aaaa houM. a^ Mgen- Ibaa die iUp^ AmI «bai iicaae aatr *e 4ap^ H Ae 
1J7, il catf d»a» lb* rtaM upea bw, ad ^m tbaaa «ba sen a bn. BU ih 
iftip na («ift ia bn caqna i m Ae fit brfMa Aa Mm^ «W^ U aaa Aeai^ 
MdHtfaBanaaMedaawtUiAltcaaaadMiaAeaa. Oa<^«tfeM- 
mtai, dtcrecd m nCe^. md Mirmd la ftaa dtMacdaa.' 

Tb afaM* UMcdala ii aba nUted by Ed-Dtataii, «ba &< 
D'Hnbtkl, te lb* jtar gf (be n>gbl 9M (a^ 1«M^ 
Bob naialiBn, jodging frm a Latn traadariaa af it by Badat (I 
TaLfl. p. 6M), wbicb Hab ba ^Miad. 

Kan 83. 

The««rd«Ucb I kave 
■ppBtd Id a watcr-vbed fa 
btlk BccdMefitioMi brt set w ia Oa t«« 
Vt BoM Mppaw dui ibcic *a« so 

tUipait. 




IM 



TD CBAmA TVEVTtKTK. 




B tW ptnMt Mrin, 



bcK h« withgM hMM* is Umv fas*. 
Mar «4 1W7 MiciMMd wm; mJ 

m; bMl eMUHtt; and b 
DMKnora pvuuuM Ittcwy mm 
nJ fcdUi I 

the tieei. a dMca «f a 
Hw* I p r t wm i kt ham 



Wil W«m awof dHm 

■d wfcd mr ta rB«. So I 

ia, Md (• On* In dan from 

M^hnw&UiAvpMiii. I 

tk* MM, Md W M* «r Acir bnk*. 

Hi ^T^ and D0 MOMtt^ 
I to UiB. Sloop. And h* 
■toopvd ; ■hmapoB hb kgi bccarae looKDcd boa mt, and I llwrw Mm down 
6«ni mj Mtk. aftd dtyMtcd. and God (and na bf U* gtan. Aad ikMc 
MMdM wwt Had* hf Ua." 

EUK«c«««DM aho MMkw, ia Ao kUlB«li(arMBdMto) <rUt vork. dwc 
in tW niaad in which b a f»aflt widi fccM Ik* &a bets of d«f[ik that k tlw 
■dnd «Uefa ia Md to ham h*M ibt m«— rflW adwlyit ifcore Rfat«d,''tb»n 
iiapM|dem Aefimncfntn, like the haadNacrtcxiMSi^ wdthnv i* no be*« 
in Am tep." He addl, "Tbcy Aig ih t i J iw along: and <lvrn ihtr Had a 
nas tralUng, die; Ir^ opM Ui Mck, tnd fcU A»k l(f« 190a llxl wilkj^ Boan: 
Md if ill* UitUT itriv* to tbrow down ih* nkan upon hk neck, hr Ktalchecb him 
IfM Ui be*, and bt carfarth hfan ai on* d* oi iu i li i Ui hti baaaL" 

Bat n Molh w phec, in hU acconM tt anwala «f the water, he gifet a ■onw' 
wteCfecBt aeooint oT ■■ die Old Man oT dwSca:" m Ml»n^" TW nter- 

Baa ftMHUeth • man. nrtag (hat he haA a tail Onecf Acsn «aa foond f« 

ov tin* driad, Md vaa ahAm to thcpMp)#,a«dUifttK«Matw«lMMdaaeribcd 
iL Ii w ndaud, tht from llw Sra of Syria, iwitiaMa. ihtrc eooMlli Dq> ft«m the 
water to the abode ofniMi [a cnatmc inJOiafaiai of aiMn, having a wUtc bond, 
ami Ihqr MaaM it the Old Man of tbe Sm, and K rcaMtnMh aaoM daj^ wiihoul 
4mmn^ati tni when the praple lec it, iIkt rejoioc in expectation oT plenty- It 
b aiM reki*^ AM a water-iaui vai bra^ht to on* of ihe King*, «b« dtdrad to 
know hk eondiiien : to he mamed a woman to him, and they Iwd a eon who 
a n d ifW eod ikc lanpiagra of both hii pwmtk And ii «w uud to (he una, What 
Milh Ihy blhcr I To which he Mi>wer«l, He nuth, THe taibof >U[other] acimaU 
artMithr lower pkTt of tbcirbodin: liow then i) il that the taiboftltMe am upon 
their becar'— Tlib ItopoMant obMrration of the WMrr-mfin doM not nmfirm whnl 
i* aMd btftira, that thb ereobirc haih n wliitr bMnl: but tlie aborr acctiunt wu 
appanndy finindad «a tba bcl of the exbibiticiii of the drifJ waters nun. 

Ii U n«l yghiy prafcabh thai tUi dried Old Man of Ihc Sen wiu ooe of the 
■pM nkmlkned in a faraaar note. No. SS In i)if imwut actin ! And don not tliia 
WMi^ien th* opinkn that Sumatra la the iiUiid of Uii> n«ature t Ea^bdibliil'* 
next Bdventaro after Mi eac^ fiont the Old Man of itie Sea alio appean to me to 



• tW p>»Mm * <*• irapw It mnitloiH* Vf ElKummM. bvinotlix 
lua taea iBMitii !■ tVi rat at Dm ftniHt by HM eapTlii. 



Ita n-W*M«^ I think H 



^ 



KOTBS TO CHAPTER TWESTIETH. 



lOS 



OMfirai tUi opinioii. I tn« with Hob in ihe Utter of lite l«a Mtij«tiin* wKicb 
he thm lUtM (m <rdl M In ihv inTfTmcf hr iboicr dnm.) — '* I would wllUai|^j 
wofpatt Ihe plrriM *oif the *»' io br >n kdditka of tlin liwuUtor, not tomiMwiifd 
b; At otipna] ; or dial il «•■ ([iplied to E^Siiiditkid'i pmccntM mcfdy m 
■ CPOMn t of bta laiolar aboil«, or nnul appearance by tbe wa-iiile. — If rilW of 
ifaoe eonjtelum," 1i« addi, " b« atlowfid, n mtj proiwuBce Ura, wltboat any 
bedudoo, to be an Omramg Oatam. Il U la be obaffvcd, tlutt he never tpeak^ 
butvxpman liii nwniiif \tf ftttiei^Uiou i be Ikn on fmiu; ttw akin oT hit Wf^ 
mtiiiblea ibat «r a oo> [or buffalo] ; anil hia inndiBg ilvmi round Es^indibAd'a 
neck n Mmriunit iritb tin pUalwIit; of limb belonging to Uial Uiinul : oven hi* 
dnining Uie cnlahailL in imitatioe of Ea^SiMdiUd, ii dMraderinie of oui buniiU- 
■dng copj-BU."* 

Tw« auriM (iiniLaT (•» that of Ci-Sindihiil and tli« Old Man o( ihe Sea orcur in 
two otbtr Eartern ranaiw**. One I have met villi la the rmiancc uf Sf\( Za-U 
YeMn. Tao of Scyf * campaitluna ars rtbud to haT« lalUo Into the poser of th« 
timulcn obore mctitioii«d, vhocn tbry intosicolFd, and (bua they effected ihrir 
libKation. Thia rnmanec, I wa» toM tn Cairo, la niuch older than the Tbowmid 
and Un« Ni^fata. — Tiie a4btr >tai7, vbich >u poiMed mt to me by Dr. W. C 
Tajlor, II in (be AdrentDxea or C^nunipa. Sm papa 73 — 81 «r the IraRilatiaa 
by Franklin, «be ahtwi^ ia a note, ibe pmaleiice nfa b«lief in ifaeexiilmceuf lli« 
monatcn in qntslion, ithcai hia aslhor ealU ■■ Duwit Pi.> iti," Ihat ii, " incn wiili 
rifnder and pliant I<^" or. ai be rclideni the woriU, ■' men vith leathern feel." 
1 £nd tlwBi deuribed in Kicbardioa'* Dictionary (JohiiHin'i edition), ai, " a 
people in India, who, accordii^ to Caitelliu, have Ir^-^ tliin and ilnclilo, Uke 
leathetD ttrapa : thej' (intend to be lame, and tni|>uTtui>r Itavdlrrt to carry then 
on their backs : which prortt tUtl to Mch whMc compnaaion inducci them lo <«bi- 
ply ; ai th* nllain* twist ihtir leg* round their ncckt, and initaolly ■Itaiiglf them." 
And here 1 may appTopri«I«4y add an f:iiract from Nu, 47 uf ihr Furpigii Qiiartirly 
fUriew, before referred to.—" la the itory of Siodbul, mnny of the inridcnla which 
arealtributed to tb« Greeks were undotibtcdiy borrDWcd by tlicm from I'cnin; and 
the Gtbiilona dcducUon a«nr«dly eprung from an hinturical (net. 'Iliui. ai iiul«d 
M> a forrner ocCMioo, the Old Man of the Sea, Hiiiiply «ignitii'K iho rlii«f (tar) of 
(be lea or lake (yanjpl, t. r. at the coait ; — and there i* nn j^catcr pervcruon in 
dte tnnalatioo than is that of ifacykh, uied nometiine* on chief, lomcticnci at old 
nan, or cUer, (so too oar eoldermannj ai in patriarchal eountrici. The ume coin- 
pound word. MT-yangl, is obrimi^y tlie iinmc prrecrrKl by Arrian, and (}u>iitiia 
Cnniu% n ZaianpR, a Scytbo-IVriiic iribr. TUiii MiigiiUr idi'iilily ih extablidird by 
Ibe (act that the Avari, or ibephcnU, of our Itiiliaii frniitirr, Si'yllis iilni, arc in 8 
vo^ar Itaitilion repreuiitcd oi riding "I"*" the cnii<[ucicd inhabitant! ; wLilo the 
bnikiil, nanlionfd (if «« rcmembri rightly, by Hi'n;doiuii) as lh« appfndagc of 
(be ScyUuaii triba, at once cxpUiiu tlie phnnUiy of the leather lc|!a of th«p man- 
beetriding Ancknta." (ra};e» IIS and Mti.) May not tlie name of the Old Man 
at the Sea bate originiUed hence and Wen traiuferrrd by the Araba to a kind uf 
Apfk which they imagined a mant That Ihey q>p1ied (hii nniiiu lo nn ape 1 
caanoi doubt. 

Note Hi. 

Tlie Gty of ihc Ajws appuin to be in tiic fttaad of Apo, which I mppoM l« 



vou III. 



Ul aad IM. 



106 N-OTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIBTll. 

hu SumiitRL Jin (buv*, Mute 38. IT Es-iiiiicliblid'B adKiiliiret during 1ms Fiftlt 
YoyM^f w«r* rouii<Ir4 on lh« Mip«rIoni'« and r^jiort* uf a ainglr iiavi^atMr, uid 
kjITccd «ilh ihc flcroiiTit of lh> Uticr In ilir order of (iv«ntii, thrrn uniild atill 1>r. 
her*, iiolliiii^ iiicoiwiittnl irilU what immrdinicly prcrpilri ; m n pcnon miRlil be 
HvernI '■ Aays aiid iiiglila" in piiuiiig from one part of Sumaira to unotlier. \Vh«t 
followi, too, it rtpcclBlljr ajiplicublo (u ihii inlnnd. 

NoTB 60. 

Hole nifntioni (['dgf IS"), on tlip aiilliorili- of Grottitr's Ddrrijition of Chinn, 
« aiinilar modv uf gathcrinjc tea, uid to be praetiacd in thnt country: and 
Cliiiiiuo druwiii^ conlinning tli« account. 1 havf myifir tikrwi9i> ipfii paiultng* 
in ancient Kgypiinii lonibii rvprrMiitliig llie niadn of gathrring fruit by nii-anx of 
lame maiikcy*. See an fiigraviiig of one aftlieui deiigni in tlicininliinLIc woik on 
tiie Ancient Egyplinns by Sir Gardner WPklnran, ml. ii. page ISO. 

Note 67. 

Thi>, M) Ilulu ubnprvvH, nil^lii ho any nf iIir bilaiidi ncftr the (trait* (•( Siinda. 
The citninmon is inenlioncd only in one uf llic four editions that I hiivc of the 
or^tnal. In the Brcilau edition, for "dnnamun" we have "cIotm." 

Note 68. 

El-Katveericc lay* oftlic pcppcr-vinc. that icfini lAe lun beeemei Aof upon ihv 
bimehM of pepper. Iravrs fu!d over pucli bunch, that it may not be burnt by th« 
fUn i snd when lhi< «iin it wilhdrnwn frunl it, (he liraif h un iil>o, that it may 
r«oe!n the wpliyr ; but I remumbor to have weu, loincvthere in the work uf El- 
Mt«eioe, an account agreeing wltlt tliat nf our atitlior, 

Note 89. 

Ill I^nglfs' edition, tliiii {> called llie hlnnd of F.l'Knniilrer-, and in the «ome 
edition, nllcr nieiitionlii); llir ulmn-itoiiil, it i« ailded, " it* inlinbiUinu prahihil foi^ 
iiicDtioH and winn." 'I'liii ii alio added in the Calcutta nliiiun of the lint two 
hundred Niglits, vliieli doet not tnentioii the iiiLiiie uf llie iKtuiiil. 1lrtii-r it It 
evident tbul the name ohuuld be Kanidr (ret|iec(iiiK which see Note 12 in the prc- 
Kcnt iH'r]«i) ; r<>r in the " ,\ceoimM nf India and China" (before quoted), the umo 
Tcniark b made (page 61) of the inliabitnnt* of the idiuid or country >o called. 

NoT« 70. 

I Tud *' SMifec" for " Secnee*' (or *' Chinc«"). See again the note juit 
rtAvred to, fifth paragrapli, liul ifvliBt 1 have tliet^ mid, rcapccling the poaitiun 
flf^anf, he rurreci, an Arab writer mijjlii rcgorti tliit country a> a part of l'hiii&, njid 
I have ihcwn that RI-ldrewM colla il"&Chii)«M island" (or penlnHuln). In 
Langlvi' edition, the Sonfet aloov-wood i* mentioned u the product of ihc Itloiid 
«f"Ei-I<;amirce." 

NMt 71. 

la the BroUu edition, ih«M remark* are applied to tbe inhabitant* of the 
IiUnd of the KoiniLfcc aloea-nood. 



KOTES TO CHAPTER TWKMTIBTK. 



lOT 



NoTsTX 

Tin word vWli I mdcr "Uy" ii "UHuh." It fmcnily iJgaECw a bk* or 

pod ; but u alM mpptUd to • bay \rt. gr. •• BM«t Far'oau," or " Phanofa'a B*;r.'' 
in ibf H*d S<«), and ia • trmiit of ■ riTer. There i> ■ pMjI-fiibciy " in tlic gait 
vt ■ bajr that lira brtwrm Mubu- [tbr KiatlwmiiKHl part of lodiaj Bud iIif iilxed 
h 4>f Zeihn [or Cejrton]."* in Uie nmnc uf lU-SiiuliliU'i boioewuil toj'^c. 

Xonia. 

Or ralW a pfmnaula, aa tbr irqael will titew ; for it «6 w«fd » apfwan tLat 
, llw Toa*! wn wnckcd tipsa ibe nm of CcjIob, tbol^BK •• H<4> ivBaria, it 
' would W M Miy nattw m find iIm p«denlar tpol k«N faciBiid. TW aailMr 
[■Mac^ in tba uk, to Ime iriTCR tbe rcini lo hii in^^na^da, ^d •csraH; 10 Wra 
I Ct tf ba J it on anjr Mcama nniil Um tneobao, bjr noM^ of tbe Uaad of SMin<>«bt 
er Ca^loN. 

Tie inuoduMkm of tbr wocdi brr* tnarttrd b«tw««n ciolcbMi b JwuiScd Vj 
mhat liillowa to the uxt. — In the old reman, llic tUtwm of awed walat lafa mw 
i ttoaed ■ laid to nm out of llie tea. But in tUi paangc^ I dnik ffallait4 hat wi- 
Iht win of hi* original ; in tit* Caleoua adttion ef lb* ftnt two b«adn4 
^ Hitbte. and t> L«iigU«' edition, tlie •<>«••*, or tiier, i* dtntibrd aa oaainf fiMk 
Flmn tbr *t a ti dr. Hole mcotiorii mbnarinr tjiriagi of frrah walcr in the Per- 
' van O-ait, near EtBal^reyti, on the antberit; of Ire* and Oiatdin. 

KlTTE 75. 

So in htt^i^ cditioD. In tbc Cairn edtia*, * flihrw." at la a former in- 

Mmk«. Ilf rfading of th* Btatlau rdilion it - good alort-wood." — Vbat b nid of 

the abuuUnM of jcacb in ihia place i* founded ii|Kin mub. Hareo Palo obMrvea 

I (Boole iiL chip. 10), ihal the adoitd of Cejlon "ptodueea waan hiaulifal and 

' •alaable ruhics tlun arc found is asjr other pan of tbe worid, and likewiie tap- 

, phirea, lopajiei, unc^byiti, gametic anJ mmf «lher ptdn u a and ewtl; tu met," 

A^ bb hatMd ttandator. Mr. Maradea, aid^ " Mr. Cotdinar rt mitiat w^ at tbe 

pred u ttbm wf Ceylotv the rubf, nnrraU, lap«t, amcthjet, tappUic. cat'eeya or 

apal, dtuiamon-MoDr or garnet, agate, aarduaut, and aonw otbrn." .^ncimt 

antbnn aba giiv limilar accotmti of the natuni lichem of ibi* iiluid, called by 

i Ibaw " TaproUne." 

KoTt 76. 

Tbrai^ aa opewDg, we aiajr >IIppoe^ la ibe ■wMtahi —In the old rtiibti , 
ihM tpring b tailed ■•••ort effooslaln of pilch or Mf lauu ;" and H«le KBMlfcl 
i(pieM 168—171), "Tho fooataia ef pitcti and biliunaii U not lo ba c t jae trt 
■gainat. Slniibr onn txifted on the kanhi of the Eupbiale* at a plam eaDcd Bt 
or Ail {propfrljr, Hert]^, Bboat fire daja' joomr^ ftom ancirat Babjiton, aoJ tws 
■ fron modem Bahjrkni or B^dad.' . . . If we are to m^dit Barthetonarw it 
Afgininb, re mutt ooonder Ea.StodIbdd aa laeniy atntlns s weft-known matter of 
bel : for he anum v, ilul in Ceflon were ' ifKiiiKa of liquid Utnmen lUcker 
than our oil, and »otne or pur* hiliaa.' " EUldroctce (tat Oiinatr, ckat of Tth 

• Minla-i Mara Moi. MB> «». 



lOft 



NOTBS TO CHArCKR TWENTIETH." 



SkUoii) «*y>, tlinl miiliorgrlh i» n aiitntaiieg wliicU flow* from sourcw «t lli« botlom 
«r tlie tta, lu naplitha flowt fioiii tli« louiCfi of Hcct. 

NoTK 7". 

In llic ori](in[tI, " d-hawfiiili'* (plural of lidichcli"]. My ihcykh. iii s margiiiBl 
tioip, cxplniiu lliitt thii term is ajijilinl lu " eticli creatures u the rrocnitilo and 
buUiiio iind tcirilio [Uings llmt voum forlli fioin the aca : bitl a« to I'uiniiiun tinli." lie 
■Jdj, " they arc not >o culled." Tlie sulliur wetiin to liurtf irid'ndcil to itltwlc to 
llip wlialp, of wliliih F.I-^uwccnKP, (torribilnjE il iinitrT the niinic of " lial," fnyt, 
that tatait at Ilia Zonj (or Ethiopiniii] catch it, and take fuilh fvam it oinbctgri*. 

Nore 78. 

It b aiitd in my oHgiiial, " unci no on« ran atiernd ihal motinUin :" lint ttc 
arc tuM thai E»-Stn<lih£d and his cunijiniiioiK iHiL It ibuuld ratliirr htiva been said, 
" uid iiu rUIji can apprunch it in irnfciv." 

*' Tn tvKord to the ambci^pi) which the wnvc» thrciv on ihc bench, it may be 
pbaervvd," My> Hol*(p«g« 171)' " '^"^ ' ''" Muhainiiuutiiii linvi'ltcr* fof lh« ninth 
oanUltT) liMDifiini M parllmlitr apcclc* of ii whlcii wnt lV«t|iii>ntly cant liy tliv urn 
en llic Barborinii and Indian ciuutii; which iwnm in great luinpi, and, when iwol- 
lou'td by cerlajn fish of ihc whale kind, destroyed ihein.'t Krnaudut, in liia 
«b*nvHtioni<, **}■■ ihni ' tbcso iniiliara tlionght with Minn of (br uncirnti ibnl it 
grew like ■ plant at the bottom of lUe len ;' und ihot Diiothet' ouettcd, ' it roic in 
■pringli ] like pitch nn<I bitumen.' lie quotes nnuther who ohtetvea. tlinl ' oiiv sort 
ef it vna black like pitch, ton, und often iil-wenled, beciiiiiie, lu the inhabitants 
report, wliutc* and otlicr fixbcH, ami evrii hlrdx, twallow It m oUvn as l\ity we il 
floatiuf; on the (urfiire.'i^ThcHt> circnrnitanMs, which the author of the tule 
■night hai'C heard hut tint ilini numbly unibntood, ■ug)(^*l'<l poxibly tbv Idea iti lhi> 
text of tbo lupporittd inKliinior|ilic»is ihcic inflaminntmy inbalniieei underwent by 
heinii lodged for u short period in the stomach of a Hsh. Ambeigrli ia inid 
to abound cliiefly in thoie neat ibal ure inhiibiled by the apermuceti-whnk', and ia 
often fuiind in the body and tlie rxc[i.-int'nt> of thul animal. Yet iiiuny nuiuraliat* 
■grt* In epinlon with the Mobaiiiniadan Iravollir, and iinJiglne It tu he a fosiil or 
vvgeUbl* mhitRncc, wliich, wbfn devoured by the whole, ihrotvg ii Into a ■lull' nf 
torpidity and »ickncn."^EI-Kiiiwc«nce lujf. some perion* njtert thnl nniliergriii 
conies from a spring in tlie sea, like bitumen ; othen, that it ii a kind of dow ; 
and others, that it Is from an animal nf tliH water. He adds, that it Is nut denied 
that the sea thrown it up on the hhore ; and slate*, that the ten of the Zenj (or 
Eihiopiani) throwi up lotp; iniuiu, the largest being a tlioiuaiitl mithkilU ; j| that 
U w often found in the belly of the sea-lish; 8i>d tliat the fish which eat* it die*. 
— It u mostly found un the msltrn shorts uf Africa, and on the shorei of the ad- 
jacent iilnnda, !>ir Gardner Wilkinson haa just ^hvwn me a cyhndrical lump of 
arabergrii liavt inches and a ijuarter in length, niid ono inch and a half in dia- 
mttcr, which he found on the weitrm shore of the Itrd Set, at Jvllel ei-Zeyt. 
He WB« informed by the Arabs that similar, but smaller, himpi were oftvn found 
there. 



• Oaioflh* t«a tnnllin » fnin rlttd tn IhrH nnm. 
I About tosll* pinuidl and 1 bilf. Afilltrtuist' ii(i(hl. 



I Idtm, poft M 



KOTtS TO CHAPTER TWENTIF.TII. 



lUO 



Sen my work od the Modern 



Ni>r« 79. 

Tlitt b not unfVf^naBlly tow m ttnulai ciuc*. 
E^piioni, T«L ii. ehap. xr., fifM ptrasropb. 

Note SIX 

Hrr*, Hnil allorwiwdt, I r*»l"kRlrk" fiir " fiilk," m In a rnnner iiia'anre. In 
hutglh' cdHion, and (lie Calculta cditian of ihc Aral iwa hiiiidrrd Nif>tiU, wKut In. 
ollrd a boat in llic pditton of Cairo a Mmctiniw termed a boat and tomctimci 
a raft ("kd*k," and "rtm**," for " KmcHi"). 

Note 81. 
B«<«iit«, kjr Iwlog drowned, he would die a niarlyr. Se« Nulv 88 lo Chapinr iii. 

KoibSS. 
Itrrc ag«in 1 read " Sonfec" for '* Scciiop," ct Chlnrae. 

NoTt 83. 

In the KMnaaoo or Seyf Zii-l'YrtcnH ineiiuuiied before, I find a nmllar »tory of 
a niMemiMaii linr, and ■ vnyuge ujiun it, whieli n:ny linvc iugi;e*icd IhU incidimt 
I* oar aolJiot; or pcrhup*. u Hole obicires, the idea mav have been tnken Tntin 
the bet iImi the rii-n Zrndaroixl jxuaeii tind«r thn rtuUi from Ifpal;&ii to Kirru&n.* 

NOTB 84. 

The wecdi ** who v»t ths King «f Saraiidecb" (i. f. Cej-lon) are [n the Calcutta 
e^ilinu of iW lint tno liiiiidtrd Nigliln, and in Laiigl^' cditinii ; hut not In tlia 
cditwiu of Cairo and Bmlnu. 

NoTt 85. 

For the nmoinder of ihi* vo}«j[g, and the whole of the next [which it the lul), 
I KJlow Ibe tcil of Ihc Cjileuttn edition of the lint two hundred Nigliti. and occa- 
aiooally flat of l^ngttt' ediiiuii ; for in tlie Cairo «<litiun, und in iliul of Brealau 
ulto, Om lallrt part of l)ie Sixlli Vojuge it lew iitnply relutvd, and the Seventh b 
diugilhll very dlfferrni froini tltai in the old vcrtjon. I tlictcforr think it butter 
to tubjoiu a traiulation of the Seventh Voyng* lu related in tlie Cairo edition to 
ib« prrecnl mH(« of notea. 

NoTK 86. 

TiiDoih tliia ii fnr fnim the truth, Diodonu Sieutus and I'tolemy bare mid the 
HMcef tbti ialond, tlic nncleiit Tapr«bane. See Dote, page 176. 

Noit 87, 

Ei-Sindibid'i brief dcacription of Sataudecb (or Ceylon) luu brvn amply 
ISuatraled by Hole, pngei 178 — 187. lU Jewels I have already noticed; and 1 
•hall only add a few wunl« mpectin|{ iu jtreai mniintnin, called by the Ataba 
" Kr-Uilwvii i" and by Ruropgann, " Adam* I'cak.'' I'lie Arahe lay, llwt when 

■ Sn (IM ibt iblid pHitnj'h «f 9(«t> I id tk* pnHiit mm. 



no 



NOTBS TO CHAI'TUR TWESTIEIH. 



OUT tint [>»zeatt were cnit down fi'om I'nrndlic, Ailam Tctt upun lliii niountain; tiu<l 
E*r, n»nr Juddah [cmmnonly culled JidJcli). ll"? porl of Mi-kkcli. Thvy ulito my, 
Ihnt on th« lumiiiil of thi< said nioiiiiljiiii in thi^ print nf Adnt))'* foot; tinil tliut, 
when <m« of liu fi^«t wu <ni thi« iipot, (he other tnu hi the kil 

NottSfl. 

Thb word I find oTity in Langl^s' pditioii, mid what nnlinxl i« memit hy it I 
kiiuw not, Holf »lnl''< ()>"ge 193). mi ihr smlintity of > gvnlleniBii who lung 
TGfided in the Knsl Indiri, lliul " the ikin of ihe hog-deer, a hcnulifid Biid uncoiii- 
mop miimal round nt i'riiice's inland in l)iu tlraiu of Siuiidfl, it of a joUonith 
colour wh«n alivp, and niiglit eauil}' b« ilrennl m yellow purkhinent" 

Nott 80. 

^C «l«phftnti of Ceylon nT« lald tu V l]i« bott In th« world. Sro Hule, 
pagalM. 

Noic 90. 

The hcltrf In Ihc fuiAtivo propcrtiei of a ferpent*! i>lcin i* ■ niptnlitiou 

of tttieienl timca, nnd itill ptcvailitig, u •hevn by Hole, pogvi 304 niiit 20i. 
El-Kaxveenec >ay«, " In ()i« ara of tliv Zviij (i>r Elhluplaiia) !■ iho i>1and of 
Ed'P&da (r. r. Vocif* ration), which ia u while iilHiid,* wIuhk^i: ure heiird viwiier- 
■liuii and dainonr. Nu une ufinHnklnd dwi'llflh in Ii; hnl lomoliuio the uiilon 
hare entrrvd il, and drunk of it* wftt<'r, which they liavr found «wett nnd gouU, 
nd having the odour of cnmphor ; and ihcy tay, ■ We knotr not its extremity ; but 
nenr it are greul moutilnin>, wherein bururlh by iiiglil a ^vat ttrr,' They have 
related alau, ihut un itt shori.'' H lerpviit appvsieih once every ytar, nnd ihc King* 
qf the Zi-nj lind dfiiOi in Uking ii ; und wli«n ihey hiivr liiken il, ihcy cuok tt, 
and mak*, of it* akin, bed*, upon which the peraon who in nfllicted with elcphaa* 
liiuD*t aillctii, mul 10 becoineiU ciired of hia diicoie : nnd [liul [ikin] ii found in 
the treiuurieii oF Kings." — Serpent* thut pwallow the flvpliant )uiv« been niebtioned 
iu Note 12 (3rd parnf^aph} and Note 43, in the prvwnt leriM. 

This rvroniony !< cuiislstrnt with what we read in Ike " AoDOODb of India and 
Giina," pngc 31. " When n King dic^H in lh« hland of 8u«ndM)i. lliey lay hii 
body on a cur, in lueh a mnnner that hi* head hang* backwardn till it a1iiiu»t 
touchen the ground, and liis hair is upon the earth ; nnd thii cnr is followed by a 
Toninn with a hromn in her hiuid, therewith to iweep duil on the fare of the 
dccenaed, wliil^ tlio criri out with a loud voice, ' U nienl behold your King wlio 
wai yeitcrday yonr mailer; but now the wnpirt he excrcispd over you is vanished 
and gone. He ii reduced lo the itnte you hrhuld, having led the world ; and ihu 
arbiter of death hath witlidtoitn hit *oul. Reckon lhrr«foT« no nior* upon iha 
uneerlain hopes of lift.' " 

N«s 02. 

£a-$uwey> u the town commoixly called by lu " Siifi." 

* Ika El.WHAt«Rlictailmnua«Dunlsflh<ili1iDdandlt> w«id*tii tui«vi btrr, "la II !• a 
rllT bf vhiTf iiiiitr. irheftin it na fnhnhlunt.'* 



mfm TO cH&rrcB twentieth. 



Ill 



Xara 9S. 



'■■n.eTJ>W 

, «^— TV 
•a rvnJrrvd 
naed in cMlier 




fMntalvetti. 



NmM. 

n; book IsnaftUi tide; haiiaiWddw «r 



Smc «. 




XmM. 





iM^ 



IIS 



NOTRS TO CHAPTEB TWENTIETH. 



rmborked wiili ihem, niiii mniic inf ulf familiar wiih Ihcm, mid we »et furlli In 
uTcty nnil licnltli on our vayagc. Tlic wind iras Cur to iis unlil we anivcd nt n 
city callnl [In- city of China. • nnd we vm in lli* utnirul joy nnd hnppincu, con- 
vening tiigMher on travel imd i'oiiiiinrrn. Bill while wc were in lliia «t»tc, n 
■tomiy (find aroM from tlir qiiailvr n-linuil uf llic iliip, nnd Ihcrc rdl upim n« n 
violent rain, by whieli wa were wi-lled, nnd our Uoloi b1h>: wherclbrc »r eoverrd 
llie lialri wiili frit and cnnvim, fcurinn tlial the goods would lie ipoilcd by ihr 
rain ; and wk begun to «u[ij)licute Gcid (wliose iidiiu' he e xnlwd '■) nnd to humble 
oiiraelvta Iwroro Hint, Ihat lit! inlglil rviiiove the nffliction that hud bcrfalleii u: 
And ihrrcnpon ihc mantor of the thip nrnie, and ti)ch'cned hia i^rdle and Itiekcd 
up bu ciotliei. and arcended the mnil. Then he turned hi* vytt to the riiht and 
kft, »ft*r which he looked nl tht jicojjle of the iliii", iiiid »lnppptl hia face anJ 
phiched hii heard. So we tjiid, O miulitr, whni in the newt? And he uti>w«r«il 
in. Seek ye of God (who>e name be exnllei! '.) escape fiom the peril iriW whicli we 
liit'e fulleii, and weep for yonnclvei, and hid one another farewell ; for know that 
the V iti<l liHth prevailed agninnt ub, and call ii> into the fiirlhrtt of the icoi of the 
world. The inniitwr then deacended from (lie inAaUhend, and 0|>cned hii cheat, and 
took forth fWim it a cotton bng, which he iintinl, nnd he took out of it lomcdiut Ilka 
uhcB. moittcned this with wnler. and, haiing waited over it ■ little, li« *inclt it; 
after which he took forth from that cheil a imalt bonk, and read in It, nnd inid to un. 
Know, O ye paviicnKerii, llial in ihiii hook in a wonderful property, indicaling that 
whoaoever amvelh nl this region, he will not eicape ftom it, but will periih ; for 
(hia legion ia called the Clime of the Kings,) nnd in it ii the tomb of oiir lord 
Suleymin the Min of Diood (on huih of whom be peace '.), i !ii whieh nre urpentji 
of cnormniu «iio and of l«rribk< Mppeurnnce ; uiid whxbinever (hip oirivclh nl ihii 
region, there eomeih up to h(<r from ih« sea a gveiit fitli, which swallowelh her 
with a]l ihnl nhe rnntniiielli. 

So when we heard theio wordu fVoni the mailer, wc nrondervd exlmn^ly at hia 
nccounl; and he hud not finivhed hin ipecch to uj, when the ship begnii to riio 
with on from ihe uiiter. nnd then to detceiid. and we heard H (rretil cry, like the 
loiid-prnling thunder, whervnl we were itnick with terror, and hcrjimc a> dend 
men, making mire, at thai lnonleM^ of dettruclion. Andlri,acreat fijihuppnwiched 
the ihip, like a lofty moimliiin, Hiid we were terrified at it. Wc wept for ounielves 
with a violent n-ecpinj;, and prepared for death, nnd wore Kicking at that great 
fnh, wondering at iia tetrihle furmolion, when lo, nnolhcr great fish approached ua ; 



• Id t^r llfnIiiU kHIIoii, ilili rity It nol mcnrlansd. 

4 Id iIic UiTitiu idliiDii, -'ihiCiimtorilK' Klnt.'* 

t ThF le.«(ticd *ition4 IhH IkTiuhniB arr (tlvldf4 le opinion rr«|i«vtLnf tli4 tllnurnii of th« tomb of 
Salornan Itie kun ft EUvlil, ftoTitr uy, IIiaI n In In JoFiit^lf^m, ■n'l 11i4t h« ;inc1 hU f^ilivr HIV r»iiEli^d 
In oav lomli. *Attti*, Hint \t it on Mic bIioeb af Iha I.4bff t>f Tlbffrtiu. Uul ■ aUumviil prafna«ll> rr«Ui>ir 
DO hlfli vulTiodlr Hirtwi vjLh iliH ki our uxr. Tilt fbllovljif: !■ an tljtlrKul of thv Prq^lirt't reply, on 
HiU lubjcici. Id ii(uriili>n |:ul to tilm by Hnie Jtki, ■■ livin In Itic hlitor^ «t Et'T*t*nY.— Ttif IcmD 
of ^ultymlin it la Iha mu1>l of ji n^n. uhlcb fonnt pan of Ibe girmt h*. In a paUc* fKcaralnt In a mck- 
TUJi pAla« codUlpj a throot. oa vhlcb ^liklcyin&n la pEnrf^, with Ihp tojalilagaa tola Anpir. apiwtrinii 
uiIlouiiIi he acre tllll allic. vnilRied hy twolve giiinllani, rikI" an<l i*T- Ka«M balh aiTlvcd il 
hl> Iiim). fif»iii(iij inn prriorn. 'Affiii aiiil Buluolitja [wliow «l»enlu™ uc AiUjr nlatcd lu • uleof Ibc 
T^kouHiid afiil tint ^~JRht^ m«D1tnnFil 01 tlir fIuh of roy nola 10 Cha|il«f lis]. 'AITKii voni to iwl: 
fix III' ml af siilrjnnan, and Iwk Hiiluililra ii hit ninii«nlgn. Wllh Htrtm* paint they anlvfil al 
tilt tpirf alioTp mcnliontil. an4 'Affftn wa< iboul lo rarrj aIT Ibo itnir, ulitn a llimiiltilmit tliiirk nnd 
COMUincd li)m. So BulwlliT* rflumed, Suliyman tru boinc on bit Ihtnni ><i I)ili plvo, all" lit> 
dHih, »j iht Jinn, |I>sV«#'i " nraeljiii ii Titan." prlnlnlfor Ih< Oiknlal Ttiin«lallon FuuiJ. 
lam* I p^ Mat IT.) 



VortS TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



US 



ADil tre had DM beheld AUglil more mniHtroui tlion it, nor onythinji grcalar. Upon 
ifait, therefore, we bade one another fareB-slI, ucepinK ti>t oiuraclvi>ij. And lo, « 
third great fidi opprouched, nnd it wiu greater tlinii tliu tito llmt hud come to u< 
Mon iL So ve bc^cuniv witliuiil iD^raur;' «iid witlioiil undprttnnding, and our 
miad* >*r« Unpinud by tli« vialonee or aitt le*t and urror. Then thcie llire* 
gtcM fidici bcgnn to compMv tlio ihip, And the third fiih darted down to iwnlluw 
tlie thip nith all th^t woi in her. But lo, there aroH a ^real vind, wliFrvupoii l)i* 
ship rwe, nnd fell upon a gnat nrt, and went lo piecei ; all the pUnk* were trpo- 
Atod, *nd hII llio bolet, and th« matvhniit* and othnr [iaM»ngpr«, wero lubmerged 
tn the MO. I ihcrvroK palled ofTkll the ctothri that were upon me rxecpting ou« 
^nncnl, and ivam a little, and reached one of the pUnkn of the thip. and cati^Iit 
hold of iL Theti I got upun it and bcilrodc it, and the wavei and (lii> wind 
(ported wttli niv upon itie face uf the water, white 1 kept gratpiiig tlinl plonk. 
T\w WAVM tarried nic up nnd duwii, and I wn* in a stale of thn nimt violent di»- 
trcu and fear and hunger mid (hint. I beiraji to blame myKlf for thnl which I 
bod done; mj- soul wai weary after eiyojing enic, and I mid lo mpclf, O Sindi- 
bid ot tbe Sea, tliuii iqienledst not i and ci-erir lime thou nifTeml troubles and 
MgWi ;•( rcpmlMt not uf voyagtiif- U{iiiti the sen ; and if thou uiyeit that (liuu 
TftatMt, ibon licit i niffcr tlien all that tliou uicvlot with ; for thou d^«f rveil all 
lliat boppcncth tn ihee. All llib, I added, !• d(ierr«d la befall me by God (whoM 
imme be exiJted !j that t may relinqiiijli my cnvoloutnew; and thin llinl I (iifler ii 
occaiiunrd I'j niv covetouineM; for 1 hod abundant wealth. — Thrn I returned to 
iny reanvii, and Mid, Vtrily, la this voyage, 1 turn iinio (iod (whoie name be 
exultrd !] sincerely repenting «f tixrol, and I wlU iifvcr H(;tun iu iny lilV mention 
it with my tonj^, not ia my mind. I eouMd not to hninbU myielf before God 
(whnne name he nulUd !), and tn w(«p ; and aAerwurdii I rvflerleil in my mind 
upon my former itatc of eiue and liapplnaia and (port and merriment and joy. 
Tl»u I continued (he lirvt day and tlie Mcond day, until t landi<d upon a great 
ialaud. wherein were nuny trccj and river*. So I ate of Ibe ftnitt of tliow tree*, 
nnd drank of the water of thoic riven, until I wa» revii'ed, and tiiy hoiiI returned 
to nit, und my energy wai slTenRlbened, and my boiiom expanded. 

I ihrn walked iiliing the iiland, and I beheld, tn iti oppoiile aide, a great rirer 
of iiweet water, running wilh a tirong currenl, whereupon I rrtncnibered the uflkir 
of the raft* npon which I wju before, and tnld within myMtf, I lun^ make for ma 
■ raft like it, and pcihapi I may emcDpc from thia prcdicnnient. If I w escape, 
ny dnlr* U attaintsl, and I turn untu (iod (wlime name be cxalled ]) repenting 
of tmnl; and if 1 ptriah, my heart it relieved from btigue and diitreu. Then I 
■nwe and tolleclcd pieeei of wood from ihuM Vrtm, conaiiiling of high-priced 
•nadat-wood, Ibe like of nhieh extitclh noli hut I knew not what it waa. And 
«bm I had collected thole piece* of wood, 1 made (lilft witli twig* and herb* 
tif the island, twitting them like rope*, and boiuiil witli tlwui llx' raft; and I *aid, 
If 1 be prrierred, il will be by God'* help. I embarked upon the mft, and pro- 
cNdtd apon ll ^uug (liat rirert during the lint day and the *econd day, and the 
lUrd day after niy depurlure thence. I Iny down, nnd aic not during ihii period 
Mijrillfllg i but when I ihinted, I drank of that river; and 1 wui bke a giddy )oung 

* Hmb Im I Uta donv In Diliit |«i>i^a In iha Vftistit of E>-VindtbM. (ulnud out la XalHlOud 
■ Ml I mMWoi* -imir IM ■■ bHl.- 

f laib«CMraaAClaa,Mit»«llatha«IinunDt Breaku.thr (oUunluclibBtvUcA, "unUI I |iuad 
tielh (NO) lla Ktnm»r «r lb* Iihinil. ud tmnic r« fnm !i. ' 

T«L. m. 4 



114 



NOTES TO CHAPTUK TWENTIETH. 



bird, by ttMon of the viuleiioe of my fatiffuc and liungFr niid fear, until the rftft 
ecnvej-ed tii* to a high niimnOim, beneath wliieh the river cnlcred. So when I 
•aw tliia, 1 f*i>n"il for niyiclf, on nceount of the ditlms lliat 1 had mtirricd bcfora 
oil thp romtrt lircr, uiid I ilctiipd Id utoji ihi* rufl, mid lu gel ufT fcoin It to th* 
dd* of Ih* moiintnin ; but llii- curreiil uvtrjiowi^rcd me, Btid iln'W the raft, with 
mc upon it, and dncrtided with it bviuHtli the nioinitniii. On beholding tlili, 
thprrfure. I niadu >itri> of dentriK'ticm, nnd naid, Tlirrc ii no (trcngth nor puwer hut 
in Ciud, <h« High, the (irenl 1 The rnfl criucd not lo proceed for a thort diilancr, 
*t\tt which it poMcd forth into a wide place, and lo, it wu a grent vnlley, llirough 
which the water roared, making a noise lilte thtiiider, and with a rapidity hie that 
of the nind. I gnaped the mft with my band, frariiig lent 1 tliuuld fill from upon 
it, ihe wnvei toMitig >ne lo th* tight and loft in the inldit of lUpi Hlrejini. Tlic mft 
continued to ileiieetid with the ciirTont nUrng fh.il valley, and I could not prevent 
it, nor wai 1 able to brinf; it to the land, until it alopped uitli me by a cily of 
grand appearance, well built, and containing a nuineroua populaliuii. And when 
the people bvh«ld ine upon tliat raft, dMCcnding in lh« inidtl of the rii-er trjlh tho 
cuntnit, they e<tiit a net und ropft upon mo nnd the raft, and drew forth iho roA 
from th* riviT lo the Und. 

I fvll doivn in the mldit of them like a dead man, by rennon of cxceuiva 

hunger nnd BleeplemncM ond fear; end there cnme to mc from among the oucm- 

blaj;c on o^ed man. a nheykh of high dignity, who welcomed nir, and threw over 

ine on ebundunce of comely apparel, wiili which 1 covered myself decently. Then 

h« took ine and cuiiduolod iiiti into the butli, brought lue reviving bt-VCTagrti and 

exquisite BccnU, und, after we had come forth from the biilh, look intf to hit house, 

and led lue into ili and hik f,itiiily rejoiced at my coming, He Healed nir in an 

elegant plaee, and prepared for me some rich food - no I ale until I won saiiaied, 

and praijed God (wlioie name bo exalted!) for my escape; and after thnt, hi« 

pngei brought (o me hot water, and I washed my hands ; and bis female slaves 

bruuglit to me drying-tuvrelH of ailk, with wliicli I dried my hands, and wiped my 

mouth. Then llint aheykh arms Inimedintcly, anil approprialeil to me h place 

alone, in a part of hit house, and made hii paj;es and hi* female alaveA to serve me, 

«nd to perform my wants und nil my uU'aira. 'I'bcy therefore paid constant atlcn- 

tlnn to nip, nnd In lliis manner ) ceaied not to remain with him in the mansion of 

nilortAinmcnt three dnya, enjoying jjood tatliig and good drinking and sweet 

*C4tnIa, imtil my aoiil relumed to mc, and my terror tuhaided, and my heart wa« 

enloMd, and my mind was at ease- And on the fourth day, the (heykli came to 

me Olid Baid to mo, Tliou ha«l cheered us by thy company, O my son, and prniac 

be lo God for thy safety 1 Wilt thou now arise and f;o with me to the banlc of 

the river, and go down into the uiorkrl and lell ihe goods and receive their price I 

Perhupi (hou wilt buy for thyi>i<lf with it iiometiiiiig wherewith ihou mayest 

trnffick. — So I wo* silent for n little while, and said wilhin niyxelf. Whence have I 

goodi, and what is the cniue of these word» ? .And the ahekyh laid. my wii, be 

not anxious nor be thoughtl'ul ; but arise and go with u* to the market, and if 

»e tee any one who will give thee for lliy goods a price that will content tliec, I 

■ill receive it for ihee ; bul if what will content Ihce be not offered Ibr them, 1 

will deposit them lor tliee in my mugii^ines unlit the days of selling and buying 

arrive. So 1 mediUited upon my cnae, and taid to mytvlf, Cotnply wilh hln desire, 

ibat thou inaycst see what these goodi nre. .\nd I Miid to him, I bear and obey, 

O mj QQcte the *b«ykh, and what thou doeit nill be attended by bleuing, and it 



NOTES TO CIUPTKB TWEKTIETli. 



vdnpoHtbU tooppoMthtw in aught. I llieiiuvutwillihimtu the market, nnd found 
that h( faad unbtnind tli« rail uii witicli I chuip, and wliicli was of laiidHl-wuoil, 
and be comniuiixictl the crier !□ Biiiioiini^c it for mIc The n)frchiiiita rnnii', and 
cftnwd IbB bidding foi ihc vnod, and incrcurd llicir niTrr* for it until iu price 
•inaunl«d to ■ ihotuond • piccri of g»ld ; vhercuputi liicy ccucd to bid more ; 
Bid ih* tiieykh, looking Uiwards nie, raid, Hear, U my aon : lliis ii tile price of 
Aj goodt in (ueh Aayt ai llio prewnt. Will iliuu lli«ii ti^ll them fur iIlib price, or 
«ilt ihcM vut, and thall I pM Uivm for th«(i In nif magaiin«i until the trim- ooin« 
•4ieii ibrir price nil! Im greater, and then ull them for ^im! — I AiicwemI him, 
O my mutn, iIk- alTiir la lliine ; *a do what tlion dexlrMt And lis (aid, O my 
»nn, trilt ihou tell mo ihi* woml for a hnndrrd pirt-RH of gM nhnvc whnt the mor- 
cliaiiti jiav* ollirrtd for ll! — Yen, t aniwercd him: I hare lold it lo thee, and 
r«eeir*d th« jiricr-. And upon thii he ordered hi* yoiin^ men to tmnnpoil that 
wood to hli rnagaiinca, and I returned willi him to liii home, where we <at, nnd he 
eotmted to me the whole price of the vtuuA, hrowghl to me bngi, nnd, hnving put the 
money into thcin, locked thmn up with a lock of iron, uf which he gare nie llic key. 
And adrr a period of aomo day* and night*, tlin alieykh taid, U my ton. I ivill 
propoM to thee «oincthinjc, and 1 hope that thou nilt comply with my dciire 
ratpecling it- So I Mid to him. And what la that alTiur? And he anawvrcd ■»«, 
Know Ihitt I have become a man of grenl age, and I have not a male child; hut I 
hare a daughter, amall in age, elegant in form, having abundant wealth, and love- 
Bneaa; therefore I dcilre to marry h<rr tu thee, and tliuu ibalt reside with her in 
OUT cmitiUy : tlion I vtill put thee in poHoaion nf nil that I have, and irhat mj 
hand pniifMilh ; for I have become >n old man, and thou wilt nipply my place. 
And I »«* aileni, ond apoke not. And he said to me. Obey me, O my »on, in thai 
wbicb I uy to thee ; for my nish to thee it f;ood, and if thou comply with my 
demre, t will marry thee to my dnuglitcr, nnd Ihon shall be a* my urn ; and nil 
that my hand hath, and whit 1 pusiPM, ahall be thine ; and if thou deiire to 
(rattlek, and to return tu thy eninitry, no one will prevent thee: thia i» lliy pru- 
perty, under thy diapoial : do therefore with it what ihou nilt nnd whnl tiioii 
thooaeit. So I replied. By Allnh, O my Uncle the Hlieykli, thou bust become ai 
my father : I luiv» stifFi'red many horrora, and have neither judgment nor know* 
ledge rfninining : it la thine, therefore, to detcTmine in all that thou dolrcat M do. 
And upon thii the klieykh ordered bin page* to bring the Kudee and the witiioae*. 
Accordingly they brought tliem, and he mnrrird me to liis dnugbler, made for uti a 
grand entert^iment and a great featt, and introduced me to her ; and I fuun<l her 
to be endowed with the iitmoit Imiiutj* and lorelineia, with handitoine llgnre and 
Juat (taturr, and upr>n her wai an abundance of varioua nrnaiiienti iind attielci of 
apparel, minernli. and omametiis of gold, and nceklacet nnd prcrioiia jewels, the 
taluc of which wai not leal Ibnn thouiuida of ihousandi of piecei of gold, and no 
one could pay their price. When I went Into her presence, the piruaed me; alftc- 
tion fur euch other f nmied, and I roniained with her for u length uf time in a itate 
of the ulmoit delight and enjoyment. Her father wa« then wlmitted to the mercy 
of God (nhoM name be exalted!), nnd wc prepared hla body for the grave, and 
bwitd him. and 1 put my hand upon hia property ; all hii young men became 
■nine, and under my authority in my aervice, and the nicrchniiti intUted me in hia 
office^ for he wa:i their chief, nnd none o( them piirchaaed nught but with hiaknuw- 
l*dft and by hi* perndMlon ; b« being their iheykh ; and 1 beoania In hia place. 

* In <Ih nmtati #41tiiin. " Irn rhnvund," 



lU 



NOTES TO CIIAPTEB TWEKTIETH. 



bird, by rfuon uf ih* viaknce of my fatigue and hunger and fpur, until tlie ran 
eonvvyed mo la a high mountain, bmcath wliirli (lie rivor cntprpil. So when I 
WW Ihi*. 1 TcDrcd for mytcir. uri account of ihv diiilrriix llint I hnd iiiifri.'rfd brfon 
on the fonHcr tivcr. and 1 di->in>d lo "top ihc rnft, and 10 gel off from it to th« 
tide of tlie inuuiitHJii ; but l)<a current overpowered me. nnd dren the rafl, ntth 
me upon it, and di-Knidcd with it beneath the moiintjiin. On beholdiiif- iIilh, 
llierrfiiiv, i in.-ide iiire of dutniction, nnd snid, 'ITii're ia no itn-u^li nor pow*r but 
In God, the Hiffh, the Great t Thernfl ceaicd not lo proceed for « short divtanco, 
after which il paised foilh into n wide place, aud )o, it wks a great v.iJley, through 
which the waUr ruurcd. innldng a niilar' likv thunder, nnd wil]i r rnpidily Kkc that 
oflbo wind. I f^titHpcd tlw nift with my band, fenrinK lest I tboiild full from tipoii 
[l, llip wave* toning nic lo (he rijiht and left in the midii of the ulTcam- llie raft 
rontinued to deaccnd irilli the current nlung that valley, and 1 could iiol prvvenl 
it, iioE was I able to bring; it (o the land, until t( ttopped uitli me by a ctly cf 
grand apjiearancp, vr«l] built, and cnnlolning > niimrroiu popnlation. And wbett 
llie jMWidf bi-hcid mc upon tlint raft, denccnding in the midtt of the iiver trith the 
CurTeiit, tliey cAat a nel and rope* upon me and the ntt, and drew forth tbc raft 
fhiin ihe river to the land. 

t fell down in the midsl of ihem lilie a dead man, by muon of exceuive 
bungrr and ilceplesanen and feari aiid ihere came lo inc froui among the uiiem- 
blagf an ogvd man, a Kheykli of high digiiliy, wlio welcomed ino, and tlircw ovm 
me nil abundance of comely apparel, with which I covered my«f If decently . Tlien 
ha took mr and conducted me into the bnth, brought me revit'ing brvrrngf* and 
•xi}uI«iU' iirrnb, and, after w-c had come fortli IVnm tho hitlh, look me to hi* home, 
•nd led me into it ; and bis fnniiiy rejvqecd at my coming. lie scaled ma in «d 
elspLnt \i\iw.p, nnd prepared for ine >ome rich food : m) I ole until I was Mliated, 
and praised God (uhono numii be cxnlted!) for my encape: and after thai, hia 
pagea brought U> inv hoi water, nnd I wiuhcd my bunds ; ond hi« feniale darn 
brought to mo drying-towela of nilk, with which I dried my hiindx, and wIjikI my 
moulh. Then that aheykh urate immedtulely, and appropriated to mo a p)ac« 
slune, in u |)ur{ of liia huune, iind made hit png« nnd liii feniale ilsvei to terrc TM, 
and to perform my want* and idl my nffairn. Tlicy tliiTefore paid constant atten- 
tion to me, and in thii mnmicr I ccaicd nol to remain with him in the mfumlon of 
cniertninraenl three daj*i, enjoyinf; good eating and good drinking and tweet 
tociil*, until my soul returned to me, aud my terror lubiided, and my hrarl w«t 
calmed, and my mind wa« at i;a«#. Aud on Ihe fourth day, the iheykli come to 
me and *aid to mn, Thou hfuil rlicered ni< by Ihy company, my son, aail praise 
be to God for thy lafcty I Wilt lliou now ariae and go with uie to the bunk of 
the river, and go down into tlic market and ti^ll the good* and rcci'lve their price ! 
Perhapi thou wilt buy for Ihyielf with it «omrthing wharenith thou mayeat 
ttafiiek. — So I wuj silent for • little while, and «iud within myieJf, Whence have I 
good*, and wliat i> the cauac of iheic wurdi ! And the ihckyh nid, O my ton, be 
not uxiout nor be thoughtful ; but arise and go with u* to (lie markrt, mad if 
w* aee any one who will give lh«a for thy goods a price thai will content llieo, I 
will rrcrive it for thee; bnl if what will content tliee be nol olfi'ted for Qion, 1 
will deposit lliem for thee in my mngnzlnc* until ihc day* nf tilling and buying 
anive. 8o I meditated upon my cose, and laid lo myielf, Comply with hiidcsii^ 
thai thou niaycsl ace vhat theie goods ore. And 1 laid to him, 1 heoi B^d obey, 
O my uncle the ■lie)kb, aud what Ihou dottt wUI be Uteuded by bleaaing, and il 



114 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



bin!, by naian of the violcnw of my Migup fltnl liimgtr and hv, until ih» raft 
conveyed nic to a high u»iuiiUiii, benpnlli wliich llic river entered. So when 1 
nv this. 1 feurt-d for nituclf, on Recount of tlie diitrcu that I hod iiiffercd before 
on the foniiiT river, tind I di-nired to itop the raft, and to pel off from il to the 
•ids of the iiinuiilMiii ; lint tlic rutrent ovetpon-ered me, and lircw thp nift, witb 
me itjion it, and ilMppndcd irith it Leuentli tiie niountaiii. On behutdiiig lhi«, 
thnvfnre. I mnde aure uf dcslruction, and aiud, Tberr in no alTViiglb nor ponor but 
in God, the High, the Groat I Tbr raft erased not tn proceed for a iihort diMancc, 
after wliicli it panned tbrlh into a widf pliioc, nnd lo, it wnt a prat vnlley, through 
which the walor runn-d, tnnking a iioiac like ihniider, and with ■ rapidity like that 
of thii u ind. 1 grasped the riift »iih my hand, fearinft leit 1 ihould f4ll ttum upoti 
it, the ifovei toiling me to the riglit and leVi in the midst of the (trcnm. The nUV 
foutinut'd tci deseeiid with the ciLrr^iit nluiig thai valivy, and I could nut pm'<<nl 
it, nor vrim i able lo brlnf!: il to lb* land, until it itnjiped with me by a city of 
grand appr-nrnnce, well built, niid containing a niimecoiii population. And when 
the people beheld me upon that raft, deicending in the inidsl of the river with the 
eurrcni, they wmI o net and ropei upon me and the lafl, and drew forth the raft 
from the river lo the land. 

I fell down in the midil of tlioin like a dead man, by reaaon of exeenivv 
Intitger und sleeplrtnieo mid feiir ; and thrrn came lo me from among ibe aaaem- 
blag* an Hg«d man, a theykh of high dignity, who welcomed mc, and threw over 
ma an abundance nf comely apparel, with which 1 covered my aclf decently. Then 
he look me and conducted me into the bath, brought me reviving beveragu and 
ncquiiitc tecRia, ond, after we had come forth from the bnth, took me lo his hou(c, 
and led me into il ; and bia family n'jotced at my coming. He seated me in an 
elegant place, and prepared for mc some rich food : so I ate until I was inliatcd, 
and prained Gvh] (whoitit name be exalted!) for tny escape i und after tliat, bit 
pAgM brought to mc hot water, ond I trashed my hand) ; and bit fcinnle Rlavea 
brought to me drying-toweU of silk, with which I dried my handa, and wiped my 
iDouth. Then that slieykh nroae immediately, and approprlnled to me a place 
alone, in n pari of hiit houM, and nisde lila]>aj;e« and hii fv male slaves to serve mc, 
and to peiform my tvanti and all my afliiin- Thry therefore paid cnnaiaiil atten- 
tion lo me. and in tbia manner 1 ccaaed nut to remain with him in the mannion of 
cnlertainment three dnj*. enjoying good eating and good drinking and nwcet 
tc«ula, nnlil niy toul returned to me, luid my terror subaided, and my heart wai 
ctlmMl, anil my mind wa* at ormi. And on the fourth day, the ibeykh came to 
me and Mud to mc, lliou host cheered uh by thy company, O my ton, and prois* 
be lo Gml for thy aifcty ! Wilt ihou now nrise and go with nic tn the bonk of 
the river, and go down into the market and sell the goods ond receive their price? 
Fetbnpi ihou wilt buy for thyself with it lomething wherewith tliou mnyeat 
tralSek. — So I was aileul fur a liltle whlli', and aiiid within myaclf. Whence have 1 
goods, and ubal Is ibe cau»c of thcac uotds 7 A nd the aliokyh laid. O my aun. hu 
not aiuiou* nor be Uioughtftd ; but aritc and go with u« to the innrket, and If 
«c sec any one who will give tliee for thy goads a price that will enntenl thcr, I 
•ill receive it for thee; hui if what will content thee be nol offeied for Ihem, 1 
will drpusit Ihem for thee in my innguinc* until the day* of aelUng and buying 
turivc. So I inedituled upon my caac, and said lo myself, Comply wilh his desire, 
that UiDU tnaye^t see what these guuds arc. And I Mid lo him, I hear and obey. 
O my uncle the ilieykh, and wbal thou doest will be nlleiided by hlvuiug, and it 



KOTES TU CHAPTER TWBNTIBTII, 



112 



itimponiblB too]>po«oliio« in aiiglit I llirn w«ntw3tlt Iiim to tlieRiarkH.miilfuund 
that lie bnd uiibiiiind llie raft on whifii I cnmc, nnii which w«( of taiidal-wood, 
mid hp coimniiiioncd the crier to Biiiiotintp it for inlc. The niPTchanta cnmv, and 
opened iho bidding Tor tlie wow). »iid iiitronpied their oflVr* for it until it» price 
unouiilcd to a IbouiKiid* i>i«cci of gold ; wlivrcujioii (liry ctaiied to bid more; 
asd Ule ihFykK loiiking tavnrds mr, nnid, Ilcnr, () my xon ; thin ii llie price of 
iby gieodt In Mich itny* ai the present. Wilt ihon (lien icll Ihem for thin prior, or 
«nt lliou wail, and th.til I put them for time in my mn^taxinni iinlll llii< time coins 
whm tiifir price "ill be greater, nnd then letl Ihem for thee! — I nniwercd him, 
O my mailer, the aflair ii ibiiic r to do wlinl thou desireit. And he said, O my 
aam, wilt lliou mU me ibii wood for n bitndrtfd piccei of gold above whnl the mer- 
chant! Iiave ollered fur it I — Ye>, I uii9w«r«d liim : 1 linv« lold it to thee, and 
r«cri<red the price. And upon llili liv ordered tii> young men lo transport that 
wood lo liis maguxinix, and I rtliiniod willi lilni lo bi« llou«e, wlierc we aal, ntid be 
counted to mo ibt wholr price of llie wood, brought lo mr liaga, and, hariiig put the 
money into them, locked them up with niock of iron, of whidi he gave iii* ihr ki'y. 
And after a period of boiiie dnys and nights, the iheykh «nid, O my »on, I nill 
propose to thee something. >nd i liope that (hoii wilt comply with my doire 
(tapcclinj; it. So 1 laid lo him, And what i> that all'airt And he amwcred mc, 
Know that I bave become a man of great age, and I linve not n male child : but I 
liaTC • datigfaler, amall in a^e, elegant in fnrni, having abuiidunt wealth, and lore- 
linea; thnvfom I desire to marry her to thee, and thou khalt reside wilh her in 
onr country : then 1 will put thee iti pomcfsian of oil ihal 1 b.ivc, nnd what my 
hand poismelh ; Iot I have bccuine an old ntan, ntid (bou wilt supply niy plnee. 
And I nat kileiit, and i|iok(i not. And he *nid to me. Obey me, U my »oii, in lliat 
vkich I i»y to tboe ; for my «i»h to tlioe in good, bthI If thou comply with my 
dadr*, I nill niarry thee lo my dniighirr, and llinii ihall bn aa my ton ; and all 
Ikal my hand hath, and what f posiein, iiiinll hd tliine ; and if thou de*im lo 
traflick, and to rclutii to thy countrj*, no one will prei-eni thee: this is iby pro- 
|iCT^, under iby djspoutl : do ihcrcforc with il what ibon wilt and what tbnii 
ehoMML So I replied. By Allah, O my uncle (he sheykh, ibou hai.t become as 
mj firifaer : 1 have suflered many horrort, and have neither judjni'ent nor knov- 
Ip^e remain iti g : it la thine, thrrcfore, to detunnlne in all tlial Ibou <li!Birviil to do. 
And upon this the sheykh ordered hi* pngo to bring the KAdoo nnd the ttitiiessf*. 
Accordingly Ihey brout;ht Ihem, and he mairieil mc to his daughter, made for ui a 
grand enicrtainment and a great feast, nnd introduced me to her ; and I found her 
to be endowed wiili ihe nlinoxt beauty and lovetineu. with handsome figure and 
jusl alature, nnd upon her wna an abiuidaiii^e of variouii oniamentt and urticles of 
■pturrl, minernli, and omninenta of gold, and necklace' and preciouw jewel*, the 
value of vhich nas not Icn than thonionds of thousands of pieces of gold, and no 
anc could pay their pric«. Wlieii I went into her pretence, she pleased mc ; nflfec- 
tioo for each other enaned, and I remained with her for a length of time in u state 
of tbe tiiinosi delight anil rnjoynient. Her futher was ibcn admitted to the mercy 
of God (■rhogte name ho exalted!), and we prepiireJ lii!i bmly for the gravf, nnd 
buried him, and I put my hand upon hit property; nil Iuh joung men became 
mine, and under my aiiliiorily in my service, anil the mcrthatils inilnted me in hia 
office, for he was llieir chief, and none of them purchased aught but with his know- 
ledge and by bis penniaaiun ; he being their sheykh ; and I became in hi* place. 

* In Ih* nnislsit 4ri<llrtn, " Ivn EhotiAjinit." 



114 



HOTBS TO CHAFTKK TWENTIKTM. 



bird, b}- TMUon uf tlie violpnta of my fotigur nnd hunjrcr and fear, until the raft 
conveyed iiit^ to « hl^h iiiountnin, beneath which tlie I'lrtt cnlrred. So when I 
»aw lliiis 1 f»Br*d for mT*i-lf, on ncctpuul of the dialtiii that 1 had aufliTi'd befoio 
on Ui# former river, and I deiired to bIo]) th<^ rufl. and (a pet i>W from it In llia 
ride of tlic mounliin : hut th« ciirrt'iit wvcriiowercd mv, mid drew Ihi' rnfl, with 
mc upon it, nnd descrndi-d with it WnvfiCh ibv moimlitin. On beholding thii, 
thrTcforr, I made «lire uf d«*tructioii, and anid, Tlicre in no llrcliKth nnr power but 
in (iod, (h* High, the Great I The rafl oemcd not to procpcd for a ihorl diitancc, 
ftft*r wliich it piuacd forth into a wide place, and lo. it woi a great valley, through 
which ibc water roared, mukiniT a noiie like tliiinJrr. and nitli a rajiidity like that 
of ibe vind. 1 !;riupe(! the ruA wiili my li»iid, fvuritif; li'el I nbutild lall fVoin upon 
it, the waves lusslng in<- In tlii? right anil \f{t in the iiiidMl nf thn Mrvain. Tlic raft 
conliiiii#4 to di^ncvTid with the current along that volley, and 1 eonld not prevent 
it, nor was I able to bring it lo the land, until it ntoppcd «iih me by a city of 
grand appearance, well built, end cunlainiiig a iiuineraus popiilntion. And when 
the peoplu bt'held me u|>oii lliaC ruft, dt-tce tiding ilk (ho niidxt of ilie rivpr with tha 
current, Ibey Uext a net and >•>]}<■» upon mt and Ihr rail, and drew forth die laSi 
ttom the river to thi' Iniid. 

I fdl down in ihc midit of them like a dead man, by rcflMni of cxconiva 

hunger and ulceplciineii) and fear; and there cnmc lo mo IVdri nninng the auem- 

blaj;e an a^d man, a sheykh uf high dignity, wlia wclcamcd me. and tlirew ovn 

me an abundance of comely apparvU with which I covered my lelf decently. Then 

he took me and coiiiliicl^d nie into (he bnib, bruughi me reviving beveragn and 

exijuisice irvnl*, and, uft*^ we had cutne forth from tlie bath, look me to hi« bouHe, 

Hnd l«d ma intoilj and hia faniily rejoiced at iny corning. He sealed me iii aa 

elegant place, and prepared for me »omc rirli food : no I ate unlil I wa> aatialed, 

and pmiied God (wIimc name be exalted.') for my ocape ; and after that, hi* 

pngei brought to me hot water, and I washed my handi ; and hii female ulavca 

brought to Tne dry tug-to wrls of lilk, uith wliicli I dried my liunds. and wiped my 

mouth. Then tliot nhrykli armc iinmfdiau<1y, nnd appropriated (o me a place 

alone, in a part of hii houH, and made bii pages and hit female atav^s to terve tne, 

and to perform my wants and all my afiiiin. Tbcy Ihetvfore paid conitanC attm- 

tinn to nie, and in lhi» nianntir [ ceaaed not lo remain with him in the monilon of 

4^IorIainmcnt three days, enjoying good eating and good drinliing and awcct 

■centi, until my loiil returned lo me, nnd my terror mbaidcd, and my heart waa 

calmed, and my mind wan at eaie. And on the fourth day, the ahpykli came lo 

me and said lo me, Tbou haul fheerctt un by tby company. O my ion, and praise 

be to God lor tby tufely j Wilt tbuii now arise and fa villi m« to tlie bank of 

tliv rivet, and go down into Ui« market nnd sell the gouda and receive their price t 

Pethapi thou will buy for thyarlf with it aomething wherewilli tligu mayest 

Itaffick. — So I Kfl» lilriil for a Utile while, and tald williiit mywlf. Whence have I 

goods, and what is ttie cause of thcic wordu J And the thekyh aaid, O my wii, ba 

not omiouii nor be thoughlful ; but ariic and go wilh iia to ibc market, and If 

wo aw any one who will gi»» ihee for thy goods a price that will content lliee, I 

wUI raceiv* il fur thee; but if what will content thee be not oflbicd for them, I 

will depoiit tlirm fur thee in my iiiagaiiiiies until ibe days of selling and buying 

arrive. So 1 meditated upon my catr, and taid to inyielf, Comply wilb liiadeaira, 

lliat thou mayctt Me wlutt these goods are. .\nd 1 said to him, I hear and obey, 

O my uncle llie ihcykb, and what thou dorst wilt be attended by btc*sin)[. and it 



NOTES TO CHAPTKB TWBKTIETH. 



115 



itimpoMible tooppoMllivoin ait(;lit I tlicn wtntwidi him to the market, and found 
■kit h« bad unbound (h« raft on v)iic}i I camp, and wliich wai of landul'wwid. 
and he eommlMioncd the crier to onnoimci! it for ntr. Ths mnrchantx onnic, niid 
Ofipiwd tliu hiddin); for (lie nuod, utid incrciucd llictr ntFen for it iinill iu prica 
amounted to ■ ihouiuiiil * piri'i-t of gold ; whereupon they ccMcd lo bid more; 
and lb« ilieykh, looking toward) me, tiiid, II«ar, O my ion : liut ii the price of 
thy goudi in »icli duya na the preai-nL Wilt ihou then tell them for thii piicr, or 
wilt ihou wait, and fIi.iII 1 put Ihem for thcc in my magnilnict until ttir time come 
•Iwn llioir pricp will be grealcr, and then h11 tliem for thee? — I aT)*w«r*d hini, 
O my mailur, tlic nSitir ia Ihtiie : lo do whot thou deiirot. And lie wid, O my 
•on, will thou «el! me ihii wood for n hundred piece* of ([old nbove whni the mer- 
ehanta have offered for it T— Yvi, I nnawered liim : 1 have >old it to thee, and 
neeiTcd l]ic price. And upon thii lie ordered hi« young men to transport that 
vood to hit magazines, and I returned with htm to hi> house, where we tat, nndhe 
counted lame th*r whole pricp of thewond,hroiiglit lo me hagri.Bnd, havinj; put the 
money IbIu thorn, locked ihcm iipnith aloek of iron, of which lie gave me the key. 
And after a period of some days and niKhti. the aheykh mid, O tny >on, 1 will 
propow to thee lomeliiin^. and I hope that thou wilt comply wilh my d<^nro 
rapeeting it. So 1 (aid to liiin. And what ii that ofTair! And he nniwercd mt. 
Know that 1 hare berome a man of great age, and I have not a mole child ; but I 
hare a daughter, nnall in age, elegant in form, having abundant neahh, and love- 
linew; Iherefor* [ deiirc lo marry her to thfe, anil thou "hall reiide wilh her in 
our country : ihcn I will pul th^e in pouenion of all that I hnre, ond whnt nty 
band pOBciieth ; for I hare hccome au old man, and ihou wilt supply my plaee. 
And I wan uleiii, and tpoke not. Ami he said lo me. Obey me, O my huu, in ihat 
which I tuy lo thee ; for my wifh lo Iheu ia good, and if Ihou comply with my 
it^at, I will niarrj' ilico lo my daughter, ond thoii ahalt be as my aon ; and ill 
thai my band hath, and what 1 pnaacsi, bhnll he thine ; and if thou doair« to 
traflick, nod to retum lo thy country, no one will prevent thee; this t* thy pro- 
perty, under ()iy diapoul : do therefore wilh it wlial iliou wilt And wliHt Ihnu 
choofMt. So I replied. By Ailoli, O my unele the tlieykh, thou hml become a* 
my father ; I hai-c suffered many liorron, and have neither judgment nor kiiow- 
Mge remaining- it ia tliEne, therefore, lodelemilne in all thai thou deiireat lo do. 
And upon tliia tlic iihcykh ordered hia pa^ei to bring the Kadee and Ihc witnr»ei. 
Aoml4ingly they brought Ihcni, and lie married mc to hit daughter, mode for ua a 
gtwtti entertain ment and a great fe^tt. and introduced me lo her; and I found her 
to be endowed wiili the utmuat beauty and lovellnera. with handiame figure and 
jnit atalurr, and upuu her wm an abundance of vuioua oraainenli and artii-leit of 
apparel, luinertda, and ornamenta of gidd, nnil necklfli-ea nnd |irecioiia jewels, the 
value of which wo* not Icia than thotiaonda of ihouannda of piecca of gohl, nnd no 
on* could pay their price. When I went into her preimee, ahn pleaacd me ; aflec- 
lion for each other ensued, and ( remained with her for u length of time in a sial# 
of the utmoit delight and enjoyment. Her father was then admitted lo the luerey 
cf God (whcM name b« exnlled!), and we prepared hia body for ihn gravr, and 
buried him, and I put my hand upon hia properly; nil hi» joung men became 
mine, and under my aulhorily In my aerviee, nnd ihv ]nerelinitti malaled mc in hia 
office i for ho was their chief, and none of tliem pnrchaaed anght but with hit know- 
ledge and by hia pennisaion ; he being iheir alieykh ; and I hccBmc in hia place. 

■ In Ih* BfhIiii rdllion. " ten ihrniund." 



116 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWBNTISTR. 



Now when 1 imxcd wiiU ilie peo^ilc of tliul city. 1 ruiind that llieir aUlo be- 
cftini* rhungpd rvi-iy moiiili. ntid ih^rc iip[>i't(n><l upon Ihcm wlugw,* wliciewiilt 
iha}' lltw ID lliv iipiwr rvgliin ofiliv tVy, and tlirrc n-mniiicil not lichini] in th<i city 
any but ihi.' i-hildrrn nn'l Iho woinnii. So I «iid nithin myaclf. Whrn the lint day 
of tlw moiiili rntiii-th, I will n«k nnc! of ihcm. niiH pcihnpi they will conTcr me 
with ihfm whiihor they go. And when Ihi- fint ilny of iluit month cnmp. tlicit 
apprarnnccB bccnnir altered, and their fottni becntne chanf^ed, and I Went in to line 
oflliem, and mid tu liiin, I eonjiirf thot> l>y A Huh liiHt ttiuu tonrvy me with thee, 
in order thul I may dlvi;Tl iny«ctf and reluni wiili yon. Ilu r<-|>!ied, This ia^ft 
thing that Minnoi lie. Rut I conwd not to lolicil him imlil he t^ranlcd tliat hranr. 
I o^^ed nilh ihcm, and caught liold of tliat man, and he sonred with mc in ilic 
air; hut I acijuaiiiied not iiiiy uiiv uf itiy family iiur any uf my young tnen nur any 
of my eompotiiotifi : and ihul ninii ruiitlimtd tu fly, uiih nie npuii his eliuiildvm, 
until he hmu tu high with inr into ihc iky that t heard the prntie* of the an^li in 
tht! vnnil of the Wuvmii. So I wondered ul llint, imd mid. Extolled be the pcrfcc- 
lion of God ! and praJM be la Ciod .' And I lind not liniilied the word* of pnii«e 
when there came forth a firf from heiiv«n, uiid it slmual burnt them. Tliey there- 
fore bU descended, nnd, hnvinj; cusl iii« upon a lofty mountain, dpjKirtcd in the 
utUKNtl rage nguin«l mv, and llii>y went and li'ft me. Thut I became nlonp upon 
that mountain, and I blamed myulf for that wliich 1 lind done, and uid, lliere 
ia no ttronglh nor power hut in (iod, the Higli, the Great ! Vctily, every tun* 
that I eacfipc from a coloniity, I fall into a cahuiiily tliut a tnighticr than the 
fonner one '. 

I remained upon iliul inountnln, nnd knew not whither to go, nhcu lu^ Iwo 
young nifn paaxvd ulong, likf two moon*, each having in hii hand a lod of gotdi 
vn which ho Icanrd. I advanced to them, and »aluted tliem, and they returned my 
uliLlatiuu 1 und I itald In them, I conjure you by Allah to Icll me who yc are and 
wliHt in yonr huninciu. And ihey aniwcred me. We are of the ncrvonti of God. 
vhotc nflme be exalted ! Then they gave me a rod of red gold ihut they hud willi 
them, and went their way tuid l«n mv. And I proceeded along ihci top of that 
mounlajii, leaning upon the rod, nnd reUccting upon the case of IhcM two young 
men, and lo, a iierpcnt came forth from hencatli the mountain, having in iti mouth 
u man whom it luid swallowed tu his niiddlt', .tiid he wm crying out and haiiug, 
Whoioevcr will deliver me. God will deliver hito from every ditfleully ! I therefore 
attvaiiced to that strju-nt, and >lruek it with the rod of gold on its heoJ, wlieresl it 
threw the man from ita month. And upon ihU the man cnmc to me and wiid. 
Since my tlcliverance from this serpent hnth been eflccled by lliy nieunt, I will 
not henceforth <{uil th«<e : thou Wt become my c«m[UUiion on thla mouuUiu. So 

I replied, Tliou ul wrkom*. And we proceeded along the tnuuiilain. And lo, 
a party of |ie»pte cRinc townidt la, and I looked at Ihcm, and among them wa* 
the man wlio bote me upon his shoulderm and flew wiili mc. Tlicreforc 1 odi'anecd 
lo him, nnd excua'd myMlf to liiin, addrvtung him cunrtcouity, und xiying to him. 
O my fViend, Mend) *cl not ihuK utic to oiiotlu-r. 'I'hi^ man replied, 'riiuii wuuldil 
hare d««lrayed n* by thy wuni» of praiae npun tny buck. And I rcjiiinvd, tie not 
diiplcoicd with mc ; for I had no knowledge of ihc motler ; but 1 will never again 
•peak- So he conieiilcd lo take mc with him, making a conation with mc that I 

* In the nmltu *d^iiDii It tihffn «li1. " anil thtlr ftiHtbc?unoe^aUf«l, tnd (liey ntiuinnt Ibe form* 
oTMrit" Tin tmrnt U r*blal qf llil»lill*iit* *< Hib llluda 4( wail *'"( iMnm mi»it<i)l>od, III fnfr m, 

II ibto lulumcV u '111 Ik inn lu Uic iWiy allfauo ut Kl-Uifnhi ami ibrx lilundi. I luppou, em 
auihur httt htrv in irlait. 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTIETH. 



ir 



■bouU not mratioa God aur pnur Htm upaa lib lock. He fhtn look in« npw mi 
8«« a«aj wU m* m b«Cpr«, until he oonivysd ■»• lo my riM»d*, when mir *ir« 
Qwt ma Bad tatattd mo, and coBgralulatcd iM on mj thtj ; M>d ab* »aid lo me, 
B «wr> </gctag flsfdi agaia wUh Acm pceptc^ uid be not fnmiliitr n-jth thi'in : fiir 
ibajr M« the bNthen of the deril*, hicI thejr know not the cclciirntion of God, 
«hoar Draw br eMllcd ! I raid to btr, Uow did thy taihet live n-iih llicm T Aud 
(be Muwcred mi', My biher vm not of l]i«m, nor did he u (hvy ; and it is my 
o^ukn, litiM nay fathtr U dfad, thil thou nhouldtt icll nil that vr. have. naA \Mr- 
Atm goods with tbc price, and voftffe back lo thv coniiln- and ihy family, and I 
«3I ^ with dioe ; for I have im need of residing hrrc in thii city after the lou of 
my mother and my fialher. 

So upon thn I betook myadf lo Klllitfi the commoditin of the ihaykh, one 
thio^ aJW Biiothcr, and to watching for lomc one who nould ict forth on a voya^ 
Groin that city, that I mi^ht go with liim. And while I woi to doin^, to. a rai» 
pony of m*ti ia th* dty dealrtd lo perfonn a voyng*, hut fonnd nut for ihemtelvts 
« ahtpi whnWim titty bought wood, and ninilc for them a grval iihip; and I 
mgagttd bf ■ poMBge with theto, and paid (bcm llxe whole of the hire. I then 
enbuked my wife, and all lliat we had, in tliv uliip ; and, tiuring the othrr po»- 
NmiaaB and the «aUte«, we proMtdcd, and ociivcit nut in uiir course over the tea 
ftVM Uand to itUnd, and from %ea lo urn ; and the wind and the vuyoge were 
ploannt lo m until we arrived in lafcty at the city of El-Bajrah. I nijuuTiied not 
UicR ; bat tngafed for ■ pawagc in another rtsid, to which 1 tTan«fkrr«d all llist 
1 b«d wilb rar, and I went on to tlie city of BaghiUd. Then I entered mr quarter 
and came la my boii*r, met my family niid comp&niuut uud frionihi, aiid itowrd 
nil the fooia that I hud with me in my magaxincs ; and my family cnlculnltd the 
prrioJ of my ahoence from tliem during ilic kituiIi voynj>e. and found It to bo 
•eceo and twenty yean ; *o tliat they hnd given up all hope of my return. 



[1 am prond to expre» hero my thanks to Colonel Cli«>ney, far hit liberality 
and kindncM in allowinjt Mr. Hatrr}- to copy, for the llluiitTalinn of llie ^'oynitex 
of Ei-Sindibid, aome beautiful and iutnudng dmwinga nelecud from lil« vnlualite 
portfolio. The*e form the tubjeat* of the engraving* in pages 3, iA, and 03,] 




.\ 



t:fL 



iA t. 



CHAPTER XXI. 

COMMENCING WITH PAWT Of THE FIVE HUNDRED AND SCXTT-SIXTH 
NIGHT, AND ENDIMO WITH FART OF THE FIVR HUSDRED AND 
91VBKTY-F.IC1ITH. 



THE STORV OF THE CITY OF BRASS.' 

Trerf. waft, in oldcn lime, nnd in an ancient age and period, in 
Damascus of &yn&, a King, one the KIialccfehH, named 'Abd El- 
Mclik the son of Marwln;' and he was sitting, one day, having 
with liim tlie great men of his empire, cotuisting of Kings aiid 
Sult&ns, when a <liBCiusion took plaee among tln-m, roflpecting the 
traditions of form<rr nations. They called to mind the stories of 



THE STORY OP THE CITY OP BRASS. 



119 



I 



our lord SuIcthiAu the son of Daood (on both of wbom be peace 1), 
and tlti; cloiuioion and uuUioritv which God (wIumc nunc be ex- 
ulted!) had bcstowcsl upon him over mankind and the Jinn «nd the 
birds and thi- wild bextts and other things-, ' and they said, We have 
beard from tliosc who were b«-forv us, Uiitt God (whose perfection 
be extolled, and whu«c nanl(^ be exalted!) bestowed not upon any 
one tile tike of tlint which lie bestowed upon our lord Soleyin^, 
and that be attained to that to which none other attained, so that 
he used to imprison the Jinn and t]ie Marids and the De\'ils in 
bottles* of brast, and pour molten lead o\-er them, and sral tltis 
cover over them with his si^ct. 

Then Talib [the sod of Sahl] related, that a man embarked in a 

aliip with a company of others, and llwy royai^ to the island of 

Sicily,* and cc«srd not in their course until there arose against 

them a wind which Iwre tlieni away to one of tJtc lands of God, 

whose name be exalted! This happened during the black darkness 

of night, and when the day slione forth, there came out to them, 

from caves in that land, people of black complexion and with 

naked bodies, like wild beasts not understanding apeecli. They 

had a King of their own race, and none of them knew Arabic save 

their King. So when they saw the ship and those wlw were tu her, 

he came forth to them attcnd<-d by a party of his companion!*, and 

saluted them and welcomed ttiem, and inquired of them respecting 

their religion. They therefore acquainted him with their state; 

and bo said to them. No harm sliall befall you. And when ho 

asked them respecting their religion, each of them was of some one 

of the n-ligion» prevailing before the manifestation of el-IsUm, and 

before tiw mimion of Mohammad, may God favour and preserve 

faim ! — wherefore the people of the ship said. We know not what 

thou aayeat. ' Then the King said to them, There hath not come 

to OS any one of the sons of Adam before you. And he entertained 

them with a banquet of the flesh of birds and of wild beasU and 

«f fish, beside which they had no food. And after this, iho 

people of the ship went down to divert themsflvcs in the city, and 

they found one of the fishenneu who had cast bis net in the sea to 

catch fish, and he drew ii up, and lo, in it was a bottle of braas, 

stopped with lead, which was sealed with the signet of Suleymfin 

the son of Daood, on both of whom be peace! And the fiabemian 




120 



THli STORY OF THE CITY OF BltASS. 



came forth and broke it; whereupon there 
proceeded from it n blue Mwoke, whicli united 
with tilt! clouds of Iiiraveii ; aud wc heard n 
horrible voice, saying, Repentance! repent- 
ance! O Prophet of God!— Then, of that 
smoke time was forme<} » person of terrible 
aspect, of terrifu: inake, whose head would 
reach [as higJi as] a mountain ; and he disap- 
peared from before their eyes. As to the 
people of tile ship, their licurts were nlinosl 
cradiciilt^d ; but llie blaekit tliought nothing 
of tlie event. And a man returned to the 
King, and asked him respecting this; and 
tlie King aiiswerc<l him. Know that this is 
one of the Jinn whom Suleyinui the son of 
D£oad, when lie was incensed against lliem, 
imprisoned in these bottles, and he poured 
lead over them, and threw tliem into the sea. 
Wlien the lisheniuin castcth his net, it gene> 
rally brtngeth up these bottles; and when 
tliey are broken, tlierc cometh forth from 
them a Jiimee, who iinagiueth that 8uley- 
min is still living; whemfore he repentcth, 
and saith, Repentance ! O Prophet of 
God! 

And the Prince of the Faithful, "Abd 
EUMelik the son of Marwfin, wondered at 
these wonls, and said. Extolled be the per- 
fbctton of God! Suleymun wait endowed 
with a mighty dominion! — Aud among 




' A.' 



(^' 




TUB STORY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 



ICl 



those wbo were present in tlut aaoemhlj was Kn-Nabigitali £<lh- 
Dhubyaaee ; and he said, Talib halh spoken truth in tliat which 
he haih related, and the proof of his veracity ts the saying of 
the Wi»e, the First, [thus versified]:' — 

And [oonaider] Sulcjrmiii, wb«a the Deity Mud to bim, Pcrfomi th« office ti 

KhaW<Alv and gwivrn «J(h cU^gtMc; 
Ani whoao obcjttfa thcc, iioMmr him tar ApLag m ; and whoM dbobqMlt 

|]lM, tropruoD hiro for ever. 

He used to put them into bottles of brass, and to cast tlteni into 
the »ea. — And the Prince of the Faithiiil approved of these words, 
and said, fiy Allah, I desire to sec scHnc of these bottles ! So 
Talib the son of Saht replied, O Prince of the Faithful, thou art 
able to do so, and yet remain in thy country'. Send to thy brother 
L'Abd El-'Azeez the eon of Marvi-an desiring liim to bring them to thee 
from the Western Country,' that he may write orders to Moo«* to 
journey from the Western Country to this mountain which we hara 
mentioDcd, and to bring tliee what thou dc^irest of these bottles ; 
r. jbr the furthest tract of his pro\'iQce is adjacent to this mountain. — 
And the Prince of the Faithful approved of his advice, and said, O 
Talib, thou hast spoken truth in that which thou hast said, and I 
desire ttiat thou be my messenger to >Ioosa the son of Nuseyr* for 
this purpttte, and thou shall liave a while ensign," together with 
whnl tliou slinlt desire of wealth or dignity or other things, and I 
will be thy substitute to take care of thy fanuly. To this, Talib 
replied, Most willingly, Prince of llic Faitliful. And the 
Kludecfch Kttd to him. Go in dependance on tlie ble:taing of God, 
and his aid. Then he gave orders that they should write for him a 
letter to hU brother 'Abd £l-'Axecz, his viceroy in ^^i, and 
another letter to Moosa, his vic«t>y in the Western Country, com- 
'mukliiig htm to journey, himself, in search of the boltU-s of 
Suleyman, to leave his son to govern the country in )iia stead, and 
to take with htm giiid<^, to expend wealth, and to collect a large 
number of men, and not to be remiss in accomplishing that object, 
nor to use any pretext to excuse himself. He sealed the two 
letters, and delivered them to Taltb the son of Sahl, commanding 
him to hasten, and to elevate tlie enagns over his head ; and he 
gave him ridtcs and riders and footmen to aid him in his way : he 
gave orders al*o to supply his house with everytliing requisite. 
v«t. 111. a 



\^ 



THE SroHY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 



So "filih went forth on his way to E^-p** He proceeded with 
his companions, traversing tlie districts from SifTU until thvy rn* 
tercel Misr;" wlirn the Governor of Efypt met him, nnd lodged 
him with him; luul he tn-ati:^ him witli tlie utmost honour during 
the period of his stay with htm. Then ho sent with him a guidv 
who aceompniiicd him to Upper Eg^pt undl they csmic to the 
ERici;r Moosa the son of Nu^eyr; imd when he knew of hi» ap- 
proacli, he went forth to him and met him, and r«joiccd at his 
arriva] ; and Talib handed to him the letter. So ho took it and 
read it, and understood its meaning; and he put it upon his head, 
«nying, 1 hirar snd obey the eummand of the Prince of the FnithfuL 
He determined tu sunimon his great men; and they prevented 
themselves; and he inquired of them respecting that which had 
been made known to him hy the letter; whereupon they satd, 
O Emecr, if thou desire hun who will guide thee to thai pinee, have 
roooursc to the sheykli 'Ahd Es-Samad the son of 'Ahd Ei-Kuddoos 
Ef^amoodce ; " for he is a knowing man, and hath travelled much, 
and ho is acquainted with the deserts and wastes and the seas, nnd 
their iiihahitnnts and their wonders, and the countries and their 
districts. Haw recourse therirfort- to him, and he will direct thee 
to the object of thy desire. — Aceonlingly he gave orders to bring 
him, and he eame hefore hini; and lo, he was a very old man, 
whom the vicisMtudcs of years and times had rendered decrepit. 
'I^e Emccr Moo«ii saluted him, and said to him, O sheykh ' Abd Ef< 
Snmsd, our lord tlie Priiite of the F.iilhful, 'Ahd Kl-Mclik the son 
of Marwiin, hath commanded U!^ llui^ and t)tu.i, .-ind 1 possess little 
knowledge of that land, and it hath been told me that thou art 
actpLainlcd with th«t w>untry and the mutes. Hnst thou then a 
wish to accomplish the affair of tht- Prince of the Fuitliful ? — 'VIk 
sheykh replied, Know, O Enieer, that this route is ditficult, far 
extending, with few tracks. The Emecr said to him, How long a 
period dotli it require? He answereil. It is a j»umi-y of two years 
and some monltis going, and the like returning ; and on the way are 
difGcultiea and horrors, and extraordinary and wonderful tliuigs. 
Moreover, thou art a warriour for the defence of the faith, and our 
country is near unlo the enemy ; so perhnpj' the Christians may 
come forth during our absence: it is expi'dient therefore that thou 
leave in thy province one lo govern it. — He replied, Well. And he 



THE STORY OF TilE CITV OF BRASS. 



m 



left his son Haroon aa hia substitute in his province, exacted an 
oatit of fidelity to liim, mid comnitindcd th<r troops tltnt they should 
not oppuite him, but obey him in nil thitt he should order thctm to 
do. And they beard his words, and obeyed him. lliii son Haioon 
WM of great courage, an illustriotis hero, and a bold champion ; and 
tbt shcykh 'Abd E^Samnd pretended to him, tliat the place io 
wbich were the things that the Prince of the Fnithful deMrvd wu» 
four months' journey distant, on the shore of the SL'a, and that 
throughout the wliole route were hahing-placrs adjacent on« to 
another, and grim and spring*. And he said, Ood will iissuri:>d]y 
make this aflair easy to ua through the blessing attendimt upon thee, 
O Viceroy of the Prince of the Faithful. Then the Emeer Moosa 
said, Knowett thou if any one of the Kings bttvc trodden this land 
before ua ? He answered him, Yes, O Emeer : this land belonged 
to the King of Alcxundria, Diu-ius the Greek." 




104 



THE STORY OF THE CITV OP BRASS. 



After tliU they departed, and they continued on their journey 
until they arrived at a palace ; whereupon the sheykh snid, Advance 
with us to this polace, which prencntcth a Wson to him who will be 
adnionUhed. Su tlic Kmtrcr Moo«a advanci^l thither, togetiier ivitb 
the sheykh 'Abd Es-Samad and hia chief companions, tili they 
Cftcne to ita ciitrancv. And they found it open, and having lofty 
angles, and steps, aniony; which were two wide stops of coloured 
marbles, the like of which hatii not been seen : the ceilings and 
wallx were decorated witli gold and silver and minerals, and over 
the entrance was a sinb, whereon waa an iitscri]>tion in atieient 
(}re«k; and the sheykh 'Abd Eii-^aniad said, Shall I read it, 
O Emcer? The Emeer answered. Advance and read. May God 
bless thee 1 for nought hath happened to us during this journey but 
what hath been the result of the blessing attendant ujwn thee, — So 
he read it ; and lo, it wa» poetry ; and it wa« tliis : — 

Here wu a people whom, aRcr their work*, tliou ihalt see ir«pl over for their 

lost duniinioij ; 
And ill lhi8 palact li lli* last Infoniialion reipoding lord* culleclcd in the 

duit. 
Ocaib liutli destroyed thi-in and diiunitcd them, and la the duKt they have 

luat wliut tliey amaued; 
A« though llipy )iHd only jml down thvir loads to mt a white : quickly have 

Ihcy deputed! 

And the Emeer Moosa wept until he beciime insemible, and he 
said, There ia no deity but Qod, the Living, tlie Enduring without 
fiulurc ! He then entered the palace, and was confounded by its 
beauty and its construction ; and he looked at the figures nnd 
images thai it contained. And lo, over the second door were 
inscribed sonic verses. So the Enieer Muosa said. Advance^ O 
sheykh, and read. Accordingly he advanced and read; and the 
rentes were theite: — 



IIov many ompnnies have atighled in the taLeniaclee" since timea of uld, 

and laketi their dejiarlun'! 
Convider tliuu then whni the nccidciiti of fortune have dune with othen nhcn 

they liu«'i> Wfnllrii them. 
Ilicy hnvc ihsii-d Iuf;cther wliut they have collected, aad ihey have left tlie 

pltaiiirt tlicreof, and dejiurled. 
Whn pKJuyiiieni* ihey liadl iiijd wliat food did they eati and lliaa in the 

dual ihey thoinaelvM w«r# eal«a! 



THE STOKY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 



125 



And »gun the Erueer Moo«ta wept violently; the world became 
yellow before bis face; and be said. We have been created for 
a great object!" 

'J'heii they attentively riewcd the palace ; and lo, it was devoid 
of inhabitants, dcntituCe of household and occupants: its courts 
were desolate, and its apartments were deserted ; and in Uic midst 
of it waa ft chamber covered with a lotly dome, rising high into the 
air, around which were four hundred toinhs. To tlicae tombs the 
Emeer Moosa drew near, and behold, among tliem was a tomb con- 
Btxucted of marble, whereon were engraved these versea : — 

How uftm have I *lood [ta fight] ! and haw often (kin I and l« liuvt many 

lliisg* have I been a wllncu ! 
And bow olVii have I mlvn '. uiid liow oflm drunk! and how often have 1 

hurd tilp BUIigD of bfuulrutia ilamsrls '. 
And bow nfUii haw I urdi-Tedl aud liovi often forbidden! and how nmny 

■tnuifc fbrtceum ore >ocn, 
Which 1 haTC baicgtd and tcorchrd, and fVom which I 1iav« laken the lov«Iy 

ffiuiJpj)' uniiunriilsl 
ItuI in my ignnrnucu I tnuntgrvaiocl lu obuiiii thiii^ wished for vliicli proved 

at lout to h« frail. 
Then coniidcr oltenltTcly thy cose, O man, before tliou ihalt drink the cup oT 

d«3th { 

For aAcT a little wliilc (hall the diut he pouivd upon thcc, and ihou wilt h« 
lifelca. 

And the Emecr Moosa, and tlioec who were witli him, wept Then 
be drew near to the dome-crow iietl chamber, and lo, it had eight 
doors of sandaUwoud, with nails of gold, ornamented with stars of 
silver act with various jewels. And over the first tloor were in- 
scribed tlicsc verses : — 



What 1 havf luft, I lcl\ nut from f;eneroe!ly ; but through the *viilvnc« and 

dcetee oprntting upon man. 
Lonj; liinc I liird, happy and enrejied, defending my a*ylum like a fUro* 

lion. 
I was n«TtT quirt, nor would I bectow ■ muttnrd'Wvd, by TMWin of my avarice, 

thou)i;h I wcrf cuKt into lIi* Arc. 
Thi» did I nntil 1 wai amittcn by the decree of the gluriuui Deity, the 

Creator, the Maker. 
When my dcnlh nna appointed eoon to take place, I could not prevent it by 

my nuineroiiD ■irata^uu; 
Hy iTOopt that I hod collected avdiod not, and none of my friend* aided me, 

nor my n«ij;hhotir. 



liW THE STORY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 

Througlioiil my whoir lir« wm I weaned in my Joiirnoy to the grave, now in 

eauv, aitil iiuw in ditnciilty. 
So, whrri tlie |iiinc> liavc become lodcn, ihoutdat thou DCcuniuUte dcen£r upon 

dccnir,'* 
It itfll all p<M4 bvloco (lie in^irniiig to onolher, nnd they niU have brought 

thee K ramrt-dTivci- uid a ([rnre -digger : 
And on the itoy of ihy judgment, lone (bnlt thou meet Ood, laden wilh (in 

and Griincs and heiivy hiinlcni. 
T1i«n let not the world deceive tliee with jti beauty ; but (ce what it bnth done 

to Ihy bmily and neighbour. 

And wlien the Emeer Moosa heard lljese vent^a, he wept iijD:aiD so 
violently that he became insensible ; and after he liad recovered, he 
mtercd thv chambtn- covered with the dome, and bclivid in it a long 
toinb, of terrible appearance, whereon waa a tablet of iron of China ; 
and the «ho}'kh 'Abd Ei^^amad drew nciir to it, and read its 
inscription; and lo, on it was written, — 



In the name of God, the Etnrial. the Bverlasllng throughout all i^b: hi the 
name of God, who bcgeilcth not, and who ii not begotten, and iinlo nhom there ii 
none like : in the uaine uf tiud, the Mighty and Puwvrful : in the name of the 
Litiiig wlio diutli noL — To Jinwopd : — O tliou who arrivest at lliit place, be adnio- 
niihed by the miifortunei mid colnmiiiei tliut thou beholdest, and he not deci'ivi>d 
by tlie irorld and its benuty. and iti faliiiy and CRlnmny, and its fuUsey and finery; 
fi»r it i» a flatterer, a cheat, a traitor, lis lliiiij^ are borrowed, and it will lake the 
loan from the borrower: hikI it is tike the (confuted vislmii uf the steeper, and (he 
dream of the dreamer, ax though it were the uirAb" uf llie pinin, which llie ibiraiy 
imagineth to be waler: Ihc Devil ndornelh it fnr tiinn until deslh. These are the 
characterintiei of the world: eoofide not therefore in it, nor incline tn it; for It will 
betray him who dcpcndcth upon it, and who in liii nffuin rclicih upon iL Fall not 
in iti mnTM, nor cling tu tti ikirts. For I poiaeMcd four thousand bay hones in u 
stable ; and I married a lliouiiniid damiieli>, of th<> dungblerx of King^ bigli-bonomcd 
virgiiiK, lik# moons; and I wa> blessed with n tlioiiinnd ehildrcn, like stern lions ; 
and I lived a ihousaiid years, hnppy in mind and hcnrl ; and I aniaMed riches 
tuch M the Kin^i of the regioui of the carili were unable to procure, and imagined 
that my cnjoyinent* would cuntiinie wilhuul failure. But 1 wni not awsrc when 
there alighted among lu the lenniiinlor of delights and tlie gcparator of compa- 
nion*, llie dcsolalrr of abodes and the rnvagcr of inhnbilod innn>loii>t, the destroyer 
of the great and ihc >mn11 and the infniiti and the children nnd the ninlhen. W« 
had resided in this palace in seciLrily until the event decreed by the Lord of all 
crtaturea, the I.oi'd of Ihc lieavens and the I.iiril of the eurihs, befell u>, and 
lb* lliunder of the mnnifetl truth oualled us, and ihert died of u« every day two, 
till a great company of in hod pi'rishcd. So when 1 uiw thai deiitniclion had 
enlvrrd our dwellings, nnd had alighleil Hinoiig ub, and diowncd ui ill the lea of 
deatlii, 1 Hiinunoned u wriler, and ordered hiiii lo write llieie versci and admoni- 
tionn and Icuons, and caused lli^ni to be engraved upon llicic door* and tiiblets 



THE STORV OF TlIE CITV OF BRASS. 



127 



«nd tooib*. I had ib unf tamfttmrng > **™— "j ilwuund bfMl«% cespcMd of 
Wdr iBcti, vtlfc iftMi, Mul ecMli of maS, ••d Am^ rrorit, mad Mnog ii an . 
and I ordcnd tWm ta datlw dwfMclTe* viA tlic kmg coal* of mul, tai to ka^ mi 
die keen iWDrdi, and to plan in ml the tcniUe Unco, and bovM dw hj^h 
Uaodcdhanaa. Tbm. <rit«i di* ctmi ^pmi«d bjr the Locd «f aU otMnt^ dw 
LarirfiW aaMk a^ ii» hamM, bWI w^ I Mli, O eo^aalw tf Imr* «^ 
aaUiaf%MBj«;ccmt dial wUehhMkhABtiiHafroM dMMiffciqr Ki^t Bh 
Iba Midwii and troop* vcn unabb to 4o ms ■■d t^T t**^ Hmt ihall •« tnatfj 
agaiinl Ub h«in •faots mm kalh acchM. the Igfd of tbe door ikai haih iw 
Aaot^xtftrt So I Hsd, Bring to ne t)i« weaUt. (Aad it vaa -—I'-'itH ■■ a 
'^— "-^ fiU^ in aadi of wUdi wore a t ha iaa d bmdrcd-BO^ta of red gold, aaid 
in tliem wtn nriolaea of paaria and jenK and ifc wa vaa ihe Ifta ifaMlJIji of 
»Ut« nlrcr, with wiawgaa wid M dw Ki^taf (ha eartk were oaaUe to paeon.) 
Aad iWydid »: and wIm *ay had braa^ tW waaltk brfota hm^ 1 aaU to 
Aa^ Can ;e delirer me bf BMai* afaU tbtc rithw^ and poiAaaa far toa (haro- 
wilhaaeday dnriiiK «hkfa I BBTimainaliTer Bsl tli^ eooU not da •*. Tkajr 
nugMd diawwItM U bu and iwoiBj, and I tuhNittad to God viA patioM ta- 
dBTMiM «l bt* a&d aBiedon nadi lU laek toy aeol, and Bad* mt to daell ia m^ 
gn%t. AiidirdKna*kaaK«aBBCai7MaK,IaMKUi dwaOBorSbaddUlW 
■oaor-A'dliwCnator." 



Aw) upom tin midc tablet were a\»o insciibeti these Tcrtes : — 



ShBMlii* ifcoB Onk apoa me after the len^ af ■; agn and the ricMbidc* 

ti iay* aad eirciiMlawew. 
I aM ibe ion of Shrddld. vho keU ilcoimioo aTrr — -^iH and nch tract 

of die wbalcevlk. 
AH &e ■tobkn troofa bacaa* tlbjea nto bm. aad £*b-SUn tnm ICr 

nsto 'Adnia. " 
!■ gkrjr I rtifixd, ahu wn tlwit Kinei, the pcopk ef Ihe ctoA faariBg toj 

dowoiein; 
Aad I hdwU tkr ttfta anid araiin ia mj power, and n* the ceHMBM lad 

their inhabitaata ibcad me. 
When I nwoitfcd, I habdd mj imy eam ^ mnf a milfaM Uidlea apgo 

Pfighiag rt iadii 
And 1 poaaaatod ««akh Obi taidd net be cakalated, «bkb I t t aa— ii d ap 

ag^ i n a f i rwnr ^ 
Daunaimaf to dcTote dK whole a( toj popcft; Ibc the pntpMe of extendiag 

Ibe ten* of BIT HCi. 
But the Deilj «e«y aooght aare iha r Mm t hwi af hia pipun ; aad thoa I 

becanr arpnalad ftoai is; bcthr*«. 
Dnth, the dininiur of m a nlria d. came to bm, aad I waa riwarad fran 

pandcsr to die toaaaiaB of oaMcnpt : 
Aad I faoad [(he WBoaifiMa <f] all vjr paat acdoot, for sticb I aM 

pieced;- aadlnadafcl' 
TbM niaa ihpalC int dtoa b# apoa • brink ) aad bcaran of calaMtito I 

Ul^Mdrntbakdaiighl! 




And agun the Kmeer Moosa wept until lie became insenuble, in 
consideriDg the fetrs of the people ; after which, as they were going 
about through lh<; tliflereiit apartments of the palace, and ^-icwing 
«tt«nliv«1y its chambera and itjt places of diversion, they came to « 
table upon four legs of alabaster, whereon was inscnbecl, — 

Upon tliin Ublc Iiav« «»!«» » tlioiitani) une-oyril Kirigi, iitkI h thoiitaiid Kiiiga 
Mch Mund in botli eye*. Alt of iheni Iinve quitwd tlie world, uiid luktii up Uislr 
abode in ibc burial-graund* and the grnve*. 

And the Emeer Moosa wrote all this. Then he went forth, and 
took not with liim from the palace aught xavc tlic (able. 

Tli^ !!oldierx proceeded, with the sheykh 'Ahd E«-Sainad heforc 
them shewing them the way, until all llic fir^t day had passed, and 
the second, and the third. They tlien came to a high hill, at which 
they looked, and lo, upon it wa« x. horseman of brass, on tlie top of 
whoKC !>pea was a wide and glistening head that almost deprived 
the beholder of sight, and on it was inscribed, O thou who conieat 
unto me, if thou know not the way that Icadoth to the City of 



THE STORV OP THE CITY OF BRASS. 



129 



Bnas, rub the liamt nf l)ic lior^icmnii, and he will turn, and Uicii 
will tiop, and in wbxUocvcr directiun be stoppetli, thither proceed, 
without feAT and without difficulty ; for it will lend thee to the City 
of Brius. — And when tho Eineer Moosa had rubbed the hinid uC[ 
llic horMinan, it turned Ukc the blinding lightning, and Taovd n 
ditfetent direction from that in wliich they wen- travelling. 

The party therefore turnwl tliilher nnd journeyed on, and it 
was the right way. They took tliat route, an<I continued their 
countc the same day and the next night until they hiul Iniversed 
a wide tract of country. And as they were proceeding, one day, 
tliey came to a pillar of black $tone, wherein was a person aunk to 
his arm-pit-s and he had two huge wings, and four amis ; two of 
them like those of tlie »ons of Adam, and two like the fore-legs of 
lions, with claws. He had hair upon his head like the taiU of horses, 
and two eyes like two burning coals, nnd he had a third eye, in his 
fbrclkcad, like the eye of the lynx, from which there appeared sparks 
offtre. He was black and tall; and he was crying out, Extolled V^ 
the perfection of my Lord, who hath appointed roe this severe 
affliction and painful torture until the day of resurrection ! When 
the party beheld him, their reason fled from them, and they were 
atupified at the sight of Ins form, and retreated in flight ; and the 
Eineer Moosa said to the shcykh 'Abd Ea-Samad, ^\'hat is this t 
He answered, 1 know not what he is. And the Emcer said, Draw 
near to him, aivd investigate his case: perhaju he will discover it, 
and perliaps tliuu wilt learn his history. The sheykh *Abd Es- 
Samad replied, ^laj God amend the state of the Emeer! Verily 
we fear him. — Fear ye not, rejoined the Emeer-, for he i» witli- 
hcld from injuring you »n<l others by tliv state in which he is. 
So the dieykb 'Abd E^Samad drew near to him, and said to hun, 
O thou person, wliat is thy name, and what is ihy nature, and what 
hatii placed the« here in tltts manner i And he aiun-ered him, As 
to me, 1 am an 'Efrect of tlie Jinn, and my name is Diihisli tlie son 
of El-Aamash," and I am restrained here by tlie majesty, conRned 
bj the power, [of God,] tonn^^ntcd as long as God (to whom be 
atcribed might and glory !) willeth. Then the Emeer Muusn .-(aid, 
O sheykh 'Abd E^Samad, ask him what is the cause of his confine- 
ment in this pillar. Ue therefore asked respecting that, and the 
'Efrrct answered him. Verily my story is wonderful; and it is this: — 




'f'hvru belonged tn oiie of the sous of Iblees an idol of red c«r- 
itclion, of which I was made guardian; and tlicrc used to worshi]) 
it one of lUc Kings of ilio sen, of iliustrioiis dignity, of great glorjf, 
leading, among kix troops of tlic Jan. a million vmrriours who unota 
with Eworda before him, and who answered hi.t prayer in eases of 
(iiffieulty. These Jiin who obeyed him were under my command 
and authority, followuig my words when I ordered tln-m : nil of 
them were in rebellion against Suleymnn the son of Duood (on 
both of whom be peace !), iind I used to enter the botly of llic idol, 
and comniaad them and forbid them. Now the daughter of thut 
Kin^ wax a fri-((uenl adorer of the idol, assiduous in the worthip of 
it, and she was the handsomest of the people of her age, eiulowed 
with beauty and liireliiic<9, and elegance and i>erfection; and I 



^1 



THE STORV OF THE CITV OF BRASS. 



131 



deMribed hor to Sulcymiin, on whom Iw jwace ! So he sent to her 
father, »Hj-ing to him, Murrj- (o me lh;f daughter, and break lliy car- 
nclion-idol, «nd iKrar witness tliat there is no deity but God, and that 
Sulej'uuln is the Prophet of God. If thou do so, thy due stwll be 
the same as our due, and thy debt as our debt. But if ihou refuse, 
t bring against th«c forces with whicli thou ha>t not power to con- 
tend: tlicrcforv prirpanr an answer to tlw ((uestion," and put on 
the garment »f death ; for I will eoine to titee with forces tliat 
diull fill the vacant rt^ion, and leate thee like yesterday that hath 
puBcd. — ^Vnd when the messenger of Suleym&n (on wlioni be 
peace !) came to Itim, he was iiniolent mid contumacious, and mag- 
nified himself and was proud. Then he nid to his Wezeers, What 
uy ye respecting the afEiir of Suleymaii the son of DAood ? For 
he hath sent demanding my daughter, and commanding me to break 
my carnelion-idol, and to adopt his faith. — And they replied, O 
great King, can Suleyman do unto thee that, when thou art in the 
miidit of this vast sea i If Iw come unto tbee, he cannot prevail 
ngstnst tbe«; since the Marlds of tlie'Jinn will light on ihy ude; 
and thou shalt seek aid against him of thine idol that thou wor- 
shippest; for he will aid thee against him and will defend thee. 
The right opinion is, tliat tliou consult thy lord (and they meant 
by him the red camclion-idol), and hear what will be his reply : if 
he counsel thee to fight him, fight him ; but olherwi^;, do not. — 
And u]>(>n this tbc King went immediately, and, going in to his 
idol, after he liad olTerei) a tacrificc and slain victims, fell down 
before it prostrate, and began tu weep, and to recite these Tcrscs:— 

O ny Ion), reril; I know thy Oigiiily; and twiiulil, Suleyio&n dMintb lo 

bn«k tkt«. 
O my lord, vrrily I to«k ihy dvf'niee: Mmmand tlien; fur I am ohtdicnt to 

iky commuid. 

(Then ttiat 'Efreet, the half of whom was in tlie pillar, said to the 
aheykh 'Abd Ef-Saroad, while those around him listened). And 
thereupon I entered the body of the idol, by reason of my igno- 
ranec, and the paticity of my sense, and my solicitude respecting 
, the afiiur of Suleyman, and recited this couplet : — 

As fur ini^ I Mn not la fnr uf litm : fur I uti Hi.'i|iinintod miiIi twijilijiii;. 
If lie with to v<gc war wIlL m4, 1 will gn forll). and 1 will tnaleli lili wo) 
fiwH lum. 



ISM 



THE STORY OP THE CITV OP BRASS. 



So wliun tlie King lieard my reply to liim, his heart nits strength- 
ened, and lie determined to wago war witli SiUcymMi, the Prophet 
otOod, — on whom be pciict-t — aiid to fight ngaiiist him. Accord- 
ingly, when the messenger of SuleymSii ciinic, lie iiillicted upon 
him » painful bcuting, aiid returned him a shaiueful reply ; and he 
lent to threaten Suteyiii&n, saying to him, by the messenger, Thy 
mind halti suggested to Uiee desires. Dost thou threaten mc with 
false words i Kitlior come thou to me, or 1 will go to thee. 

Then the mcBscnger returned to Suleymun, and acquainted liini 
with all that had occurred aiid happened to htm. And when the 
Prophet of Gud, SuleyniSn, heard that, [it wns as though] his 
resurrection look jilnce," his resolution was roused, and he pre- 
pared his forces, con^ting of Jinn and men and wild beasts and 
bird* and replilcH. He commaiidcd his Weatcer Ed-Dimiry5t, the 
King of tlie Jinn, to collect the Marids of tlie Jinn from every 
place: so he collected for him, of the Devils, six hundred millions. 
He also commanded A'saf the son of Barkhiya [his W'ezcer of men] 
to collect his soldiers of mankind; and lh(-ir nuiiiher was one mil- 
lion, or more. He made ready the aceoutreuieiiLs and weapons, 
and mounted, with his forces of the Jinn and of mankind, upon tlic 
carpet," with the birds flying tiver his head, and the wild beasts 
beneath the carpet marching, until he alighted upon his enemy's 
const, and surrounded his ishuid, having filled tlie land with the 
forces. He then »ent to our King, siiying to him, Behold, I hare 
arrived : therefore repel from thee that which liath come down, or 
else submit thyself (o my aulliority, and acknowledge my mission, 
and break thine idol, and worship the One, the Adored <Tod, and 
marry to me thy daughter according to law, and say thou, and those 
who are ivilh lliee, I testify that there is no deity but God, and I 
testify tliat Suleym/ui is the Prophet of God. If thou say that, 
peace and safety shall be thy lot. But if tJiou refuse, thy defending 
thyaelf from mc in this island shall not prevent thee : for God 
(whose name be blessed and c.^altcd !) hath commanded the wind to 
obey mc, and J will order it to convey me unto tJicc on tJic carjiet, 
and will make thee on example to restriun others. — So the mes- 
senger came to him, and communieatt-<l to him the message of the 
Prophet of God, Sn)eym&n, on whom be peace! But the King 
said to him. There is no way for the accomplishment of this thing 



VV^»-,"^ 




that he icquiretli of rae : therefore inform him that I am coming 
forth unto him. Accordingly the messenger returned to Sulvymi'm, 
and gave hitu tho ri-{>ly. The King tlien sent to the people of his 
counirj', and collected fur himself, uf the Jiim that were under lus 
authority, a million ; and to these he added others, of the Marids 
and Denis that were in the ishiiids of the sens and on the tops of 
tlie mountains ; ilft*^^ which he made reiidy his foriT-», and opc^iicd 
the armouries, a]id dlstrihutcd to them the weapons. And as to 
the Prophet of God, Suleyman (on whom be peace 1), he disposed 
his troops, commanding the wild heast« to form themselves into 
two diviHiunii, on the right of the people and on tlunr left, and 
commanding tiie hirds to be upon the islancb. He ordered them 
also, when the assault should bo made, to tear out the eyes of their 
antagonists wltli theu- beaks, and to beat their Eoecs with tlieir 
wings; and li« ordered the wild beasts to tear in pieces their horses; 



134 



THE STt)RY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 



and the^ replied, Vic hear and obey God and tliee, O Prophet of 
God! Then Sulevmun, llie Prophet of God, set forhimscif aioucb 
of alabaster adomed with jewels, and plated with plates of red gold, 
and he placed his Wezeer A'saf the sou of Barktiiyu on the right 
side, iiTid liis Wezcer Ed-Dimirydt on the left sido, and the Kings 
of mankind oil hU right, nnd the Kings of the Jinn on his lefl, and 
■the wild bpastM mul the vipers and serpents before him. 

After this, they came upon ua all together, and wc contended 
with Uim in b wide Uact for a period of two days ; and calamity 
liefell us on the third dnvi and the dceree of God (who.io name be 
exalted!) was executed among us. The first who charged upon 
Sulcjman were I and my troops; and I said to my companions, 
Keep in 3'our places in the battle-field while I go forth to thi'm and 
challenge Ed-Dimirynt, And lo, he came forth, like a great 
mountain, his fires flaming, and his smoke ascending ; and he 
approached, nnd smote me with a flaming fire ; aud his anx>w pre- 
vailed over iny firo. He cried out at me with a ])rodigioiis cry, so 
tliat I ima^ned the heaven had fallen and closed over me, aiid the 
tnoUQtains shook at his voice. Then he commanded his com- 
paoiotts, and thoy charged upon us all together : wc also charged 
upon them, and we cried out oue to another : llie fires rose and the 
niioke ascended, the hearts of the combalanis were almost cleft 
asunder, and the battle raged. The birds fought in the air; and 
tlie wild beasts, in the dust ; and I contended with Ed-Dimiryat 
until he wcnricd nic and I wc^iried liim; nfVcr which I became 
weak, aud my companions and trooi)swcre enervated, mid my tribes 
were routed. The Prophet of God, Suleym&ii, cried out, Take ye 
this great tjTant, the ill-omened, the infamous ! Aud the men 
charged upon the men ; and the Jinn upon tlic Jinn; defeat befell 
our King, and we became unto Suleyman a spoil. His troops 
charged upon our forces, with the wild beast* on their right and 
left, and the birds were over our heads, tearing out the eyes of the 
people, sometimes with their talons and sometimes with their beaks, 
and sometimes they beat with their wings upon the faces of the 
combaiaiitA, while the wild beasts bit the horses and tore iu pieces 
the men, until the greater portion of the party lay upon the fiiee of 
the earth like the Irunks of palm-trees. As to nir, I flew Q'om 
before Kd-Ditniryal; but he followed mca journey of three mouths, 



-.^^ 



i 



■Wfc. -'. 



until lie overtook me." I luid DiIUmi <1owii tlirougli dliguc, mid he 
rushed upon me, and Iiuide me n prisoner. So I said to him, By 
llim w)io hnth cxiJti-d thee and abaxed mc, pil}> me, and take me 
bcfuie Sule^'Rian, on whom be peace ! But when I came before 
Suleyman, ho met me in a most evil maitncT : he caused this pitlar 
to be brought, and hollowed it. and put roe in it. and sealed me 
with his signet ; ii(U.t wliich, he chained me, ai»d Ed-Ditnirvi'ii cm- 
vcjcd me to lliis place, where he set mc down as thou seest me ; 
and this pillar is mjr prison until the day of resurrection. He 
charj^ed n great King'* to guard mc in this prison, and I am in this 
condition tortured as ihuu seest me. 

'rite party therefore wondered at him, and at the horrible nature 
of his form ; and the Euiecr Mooaa said. There is no deity but 
Godt Suleyrain was endowed with a mighty dominion! — And the 
shcykh 'Abd Ka-Samad said to the 'Efreet, O thou, I ask thee con- 
cerning a tiling of which do thou inform us. The 'Efreet replied, Ask 
concerning what thou wilt. And the slicykh snid, Are there in this 



ise 



TIIK STORY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 



place any of llie 'Kf^£^eU confinod in bottles of brnas from the time nf 
Sulcyniiin, on wliom be peace f IIo answered, Yes, in the Sea of 
EUKnrkar," where arc a people of the descendants of Nooh (on 
whom be peace !), whosi; countrii' the deluge reached not. and thc^' 
are separated there from [the rest of] the sons of Adam. — And 
where, said tlie sheykh, is the way to tlie City of Brass and the 
place wherein are the bottlesT What distance is tliere between us 
and it? — The 'Efreet answered, It is near. So the party left him, 
and proceeded ; and there appeared to them n great black object, 
with two [seeming] tires corresponding with each otiier in position, 
in the distance, in that black object ; whereupon the Eineer Monsa 
said to the sheykh. What i.t tliis great black object, and what are 
these two corresponding fires ? The guide answered him. Be 
rejoiced, O Emeer; for Uiis ui tlic city of Brass, and this is the ap- 
pearance of it that I find <lescrlbe<l in the bonk of hidden trea.tiircs; 
that its wall is of black stones, and it hach two towers of brass of 
El-Andalua," which the beholder sectli resembling two corre- 
sponding fires ; and thence it is named the City of Brass. — They 
ceased not to proceed until thi*y arrived at it ; and lo, it wtu lofty, 
strongly fortified, rising high into the air, impenetrable : the hclglit 
of its walls was eighty cubits, and it had five and twenty gates, none 
of which would open but by means of some artifice ; and there was 
not one gate to it that had not, within the city, one tike it : such 
was iJie beauty of the conxtruclion and ardiitccturc of the city. 
They stopped before it, and endeavoured lo discover one of it* 
gates; but Uiey could not; and the Emeer Moosa said to tlie 
sheykh 'Abd Es-Samad, O sheykh, I see not to this city any gate. 
The sheykh replied, O Emccr, thus do I find it dcccribcd in the 
book of hidden treasures; tliat it hath five and twenty gales, and 
that none of itsgutev may be opened but from within the city. — 
And how, said tlie Emeer, can we contrive to cuter it, and divert 
ourselves with a ricw of its wonders ? 

Then tlie Emccr Moosa ordered one of bis young men to 
mount a camel, and ride round the city, in the hope that he might 
discover a trace of a gate, or a place lower than that to which they 
were opposite." So one of his young men mounted, and proceeded 
around it for two days with their nights, prosecuting his journey 
with diligeacc, and not restiitg; and when the third day arrived, lie 



THE SrOHY OF THE riTY OF BIUSS. 



187 



came in %ig}\t of his com [i,-in tuns, luid lie wns axtoundod at tlwt 
which ho bt-held oi' the cxli-nt of the city, and it* height. Thon he 
said, O Emecr, the easiest plam iu it is tliiw place at which ye have 
alighted. And thereupon the Emeer Moosa took I'lUib the son of 
Salil, and the shcykh 'Abd Es-Sainad, and they ascended a moun- 
tain o|>po»itu the city, und overlooking it; and when they luid 
ascended that mountain, they ttaw a city tlian which eyc« had not 
beheld any greater. Its pavilions were loftv. and its domes were 
^billing; its mansions were iu good condition, and its rivers were 
running; iiN trees v^ere fruitful, and its gtirdens bore ripe ]>roduce. 
It was a city witli impt-nvtrublc gates, empty, still, without a voice 
or a cheering inhabitant, hut the owl hooting in it* (luartera, and 
bird.t skimming in circles in its areas, and the raven croaking in ita 
districts and its great thoroughfare-etrcels, and bewailing those 
who bad been in it. The Kmeer Moosa paused, sorrowing for i(« 
being devoid of inhabitants, and its being dt'itpoiled of people and 
residents; and be said, Extolled be the perfection of llim whom ages 
and times change not, the Crwitor of the creation by his power! 
And while he was extolling the perfectitm of God (to whom be 
ascribed might and glor^!), he happened to look aaide, andlo, there 
were seven tahletx of white marble, appearing from a distance. So 
he approached them, and behold, tliey v? ere sculptured and inscribed ; 
and ho ordered that their writing should be read: therefore the 
slieykh'Abd (■U-Sivnmd iulvnnced and examined them and read them; 
and itiey I'onlained admonition, and mutter for example and restraint, 
unto thoae endowed with faculties of discernment. Upon tlie first 
tablet was inscribed, in tlie ancient Greek character, — 



O wn of Adam, Iiow h«t<dltMi8 art tliuu of tlie cuv of him who liatli been hfUtn 
thc«I Thy yvan and ago liav* diienvd tlioe fmni coiisidciing Imii. Kiiuwrnl 
ihnu nul ibut tlic cup of deuih will he tilled far thct.', and thnt in u ihart time thou 
will driiik itT I,ook tlicli Ur tliysi-lf bvfore riilfririg ihy grave. U'liriv iiru IIiobO 
who poucutd tliu GOiuitrleB mid abused th« H-tvaiiU of God nud Ivd iiniiica '! Di-uili 
bath conic uiMin tlieni ; und Ijud is ihu iFtmituilor ut deligbta snd ilio •i-|uiiiilor <if 
companiuiii and tlic dcvnstnlor of flnnriiihing dwollingi; )o He hatli truiupurled 
Ifacm from Uio amplitude of puiocex to ibe itrMbicn of the gnmit. 

And in iho lower part of tlic tablet were inscribed these verses : — 

Where arc tli* Kiiij;* and the pcoplcn of tbc earlb f ITiuy bave quilUd that 
which they have built and proplsdi 
TM. III. I 



188 THE STOHY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 

A&d in tlM grarc Ui«j «• ^Mgti for UtMT fmt mt&am: ibere, after d«- 

Mruclioa, ihcy bavc become putrtd caqMMt. 
IFIiBn M* tbe tmopi! The; rapcned not, not profited. And where u that 

wUch lliejr coBectcd Bnd heaidedt 
The dleoM «f die Lord of the Throne mrpriMd them. Neither ticha noe 

leftigc ee«(d dM*n ft«ai tL 



And the Emcrr Moosa fainted ; his tears ran down upon hu cheeks, 
aiid lie said, By Alluli, indiBV-rcncc to tlic world U the most appro- 
priate and the masl sine irourse '. llieu he catued an ink-c«sc and 
a paper to be brought, and he wrote the inscriptioB of the ftntl 
tablet; after which he drew near to the second tablet,** and the 
third, and the fourtli ; and, having copied what wm iuscribcd on 
them, he descended from the mountain ; and the world bul been 
pictured before his cjc*. 

And when he came back to the troops, they passed the day 
devising means of enterii^ the city ; and the Emevr Mooxa »aid to 
his Wczccr, faUb the son of Sahl, and to those of bis chief officers 
who were around him, How shall we contrive to enter th« city, 
that we may see its wonder* ? Perhaps we shall find in it something 
by which we may ingratiate ourselves with the Prbice of tlw 
Faithful. — Tilib the son of Sahl rephed, May Ood continue the 
prosperity of the Rmeer 1 Let us make a Liidiier, aiii] mount upon 
it, and perhaps we shall gain access to the gate &oni within.— And 
llie Emecr said, This is what occurred to my mind, and excellent 
is the advice. Then ho called to the carpenters and blacksmiths, 
and ordered ihi-in to make straight ^oine picceti uf wood, and lo 
construct a Udder covered with plates of iron. And they did so, 
and made it strong. They employed themselves in constructing it 
B whole month, and many men were occupied in making it. And 
they set it up aitd fixed it against the wall, and it proved lo be 
equal to the wall in height, as though it had been made for it before 
that day. So the Emeer Moosa wondered at it, and said, God 
bless you! It seemclh, from the cxcvUeiice of yotir work, aa 
though ye had adapted it by mcnsurcnient to the waU. — He then 
■atd to the jNTOple, W'hich of you will ascend this ladder, and mount 
upon the wall, and walk along it, and contrive means of deacending 
into the city, tliat he may see how the coac is, and then inform us 
of tile mode of ojtcning tlic gate ! And one of them answered, 1 



THE STORY OF THE CITY OI' BRASS. 



1S9 



will ascend it, O Eme<er, and descend and open the gate, llie 
Emcer therefore rcplic-d. Mount. God blvss tliee ! — Accordingly, 
the man ascended the ladder until he reached tlie top of it; when 
he stood, Mid fixcsl his eyes towanit tlic dty, clapped his hitnds, 
and cried out with liis loudest voice, saying, Tliuu art heautiftd 1 
Then he cast himself down into the city, and his flesh became 
miubed with his bones. So the Emccr Moosa said. This is the 
action of the rationaL How then will the insane act ? If we du 
thus with all our companions, Uiere will not remain of them one ; 
nnd we shall be ttnsbte to accampUsh our afiiur, and the aiTair of 
the Prince of the Faithful. Depnrl ye ; for we luivc no eoncem 
with this city. — But one of them said, Perha|>s another than this 
may be more steady than he. And a second ascended, and a third, 
and B fourth, and a fit\h ; and they ceased not to ascend by that 
Uddei to the top of the wall, one after anoUier, until twelve men 
of them had gone, acting as acted tlic first. Tlicrefore the sheykh 
'Abd E^Samad said. There is none for this affair but myself, and 
the experiencwl is not like the inexperienced. But the Emeer 
Hoosa !SJd to hint. Thou shalt not do that, ni>r will I allow thee to 
aseend to the top of this wall ; for shouldst ihou die, ihou wouldst 
be the cause of tlie deatli of us oil, imd there would not remain of us 
one ; since thou art tlie g\ii<le of the party. The sheykh however 
replied, Perhaps the object will be accomplished by my means, 
tfarougli the will of Gud, wlio»<r name l>c exalted! And thereupon 
all tlie people agreed tu his ascen(ljn)r. 

nien the sheykh Wbd E»-.Snmad ariue, and encouraged himself, 
and, baring said, In tlie name of God, the Compassionate, the 
Merciful! — be tuccnded the ladder, repeating the praises of Ood 
(whose name be exalted !), and reciting the Verses of Safety," until 
he reached the top uf the wall ; when he clapped his hniuls, and 
fixed liid eyes. The people therefore all called out to him, and said, 
O sheykh 'Abd Es-Samad, do it not, and cast not thyself down I 
And they said, Verily to God we belong, and verily unto Him we 
retuni! If the shi-ykh '.\bd K»-Samad fall, we all perisli! — Then 
the alteykh 'Abd I'ln-Saniad laughed immoderately, and sat a long 
time repeating the praises of God (whose name be exalted !), and 
reciting the Verses of Safety ; after which he rose with eiiergj', luid 
called out with his loudest voice, O Emeer, no harm shall befall 



140 



THE STORY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 




you; for God 
(to whom be 
nscribeJ might 
and glory!) 
lialh avrrtcd 
Irom me the 
effect of til 
iirtifice aiiii 
frauduletice of 
the I>ei,T], 

through tlic l)li-ssiiig reaultmg from 
the uttvriLiicc of the words In the 
name- of GmX, the Compaasioiuitc, tlic 
Merciful — So the Emccr aiid to him, 
AVhat hast thou »mii, O sheykh i He 
answered, Whoii 1 readied tl»e top of 
the vr«ll, I bc^held ten damsels, like 
moons, who made a sign with their 
bands, as though they would say, Come 
to us. And it seemed to uie that 
beneath me was a sea (or great rirer) 
of water; whervuiKjn 1 deniri;^d lo cast 
mysiOf down, as our companions did: 
but I bebeld them dead; so I «ilh- 
hvld mviielf from them, and recited 
some words of the book of God (whose 
name be exalted!), whereupon God 
averted irom mc the inlluence of those 
damsels' artifice, and they departed 
from me; therefore I cast not myself 
down, and God repelled from me tlie 
effect of tbeir artifice and enchant- 
ment. There is no doulit that this is 
an enobantment and an artifice which 
tlie people of this city contrived in 
order to repel from it every one who 
should desire to look doi^Ti upon it, 
an<) wish to obtain aa-ess to it; and 
dead. 




these our companions arc laid 



* 



TllE STOBY OF THE CITY OP BRASS. 



HI 



I 



He then walked utong the wall till he came to thi^ two towers 
of brass, when Up khw that tlicy hat! two gates of gold, witliout 
lodis upon them, or any sign of the means of opening them. 
TIjcreFortf the sheykh paused as long as God willed," and, looking 
attentively, he saw in the middle of one of the gtites n figure of ft 
horseman of brass, having one hand extended, as tliough he were 
pointing with it, and on it was an inscription, which tlie sheykh 
read, and lo, it contained these words : — Turn the pin that is in 
the nuddle of the front of the horsenmn's body twelve times, and 
then the gate will open. So he examined the horseman, and in 
the middle of the front of his body was a ptn, strong, firm, well 
fixed I and be turned it twelve times ; whereupon the gate opened 
immediately, with a noise like thunder; and the sheykh 'Abd 
Es-Samad entered. He was a learned man, acquainted with alt 
languages and eliarartt^rs. And he walked on until lie entered a 
long piisnge, whence be descended some steps, and he found a place 
willi bantUonie wooden benches, on which were people dead, and 
OTer their beads were elegant shields, and keen swords, and strung 
bows, and notched arrows. And behind the [next] gate were a bar 
of iron, and barricades of wood, and locks of delicate fabric, and 
strong apparatus. Upon this, the sheykh said witliin himself 
Pcrhapis the keys are with these people. Then he looked, and io, 
there was a sJieykli who appeared to be the oldest of them, and he 
Was upon a high wooden bench among the dead men. So the 
aheykh 'Abd l-^-Saniad said. May not the keys of the city be with 
this sheykh ! Perhaps he was the gate-keeper of the city, and these 
were under his authority. — He therefore drew near to him, and 
lifted up his garments, and lo, the keys were bung to his waist. At 
the sight of them, llieslieykb'Abd Es-Samad rejoiced exceedingly; 
bis rcaaon almost fled from him in consequence of his joy ; and he 
took the keys, approached the gale, opened the locks, pulled the 
gate and the barricades and other apparatus, which opened, and the 
gate also opened, with a noise like thunder, by reason of its great- 
ness and tcrriblenes*, and the enormity of its apparatus. Upon this, 
the sheykh exclaimed, God is most great ! " — and the people made 
the same exclamation witli him, rejoicing at the event. The Emeer 
Moosa also rejoiced at the safety of the sheykh "Abd Es-Saniad, and 
nl the opening of the gate of the city; the people thanked the sheykh 



14« 



THE STORY OF THE CITy OF BRASS. 



for that which he had done, and all the troops hastened toiiitvrtho 
gate. But the Emeer Moosa cried out to them, saji'iiig l» UiiMn, O 
pc<oplc, if ttU of us enter, wc shall not be secure from some aecidtint 
that may hapjicn. Hidf shall enter, anil half shaill remain behind. 

The Emccr Mousn then entered the gate, and with him half of 
tlie people, who bore their weapons of war. And ihc party saw 
tbeir compHiiiona lying dead : so they buried them. They itaw also 
the gate-keepers and servants and chamberlains and Heutcnanta lying 
upon beds of silk, all of them de^id. And they entered the market 
of tlie city, and beheld a great market, with lofty buildings, none 
(if which projected beyond anotlier: the shops were open, and the 
scales hung up, and the utensils of brass ranged in order, and the 
khans were full of all kinds of goods. And they saw Uie mereliunls 
dc«d in tlieir shops: their skins were dried, and their bones were 
carious, and thev had become examples to him who would be ad- 
monished. They saw likewise four markets of particular shopa 
filled with wealth. And they left this place, and passed on to the 
silk-market, in whicli were silks and brocades interwoven with red 
gold and white silver upon various colours, and the owners were 
dead, lying ujion skins, and appearing almost as though they would 
speak. Leaving these, they went on to the market of jewels and 
pearls and jacintlis; and they left it, and passed on to the market 
of the money -cimngfrs, whom tliey fouTui dead, with varieties of 
silks beneath tliem, and tlieir shops were filled with gold and silver. 
These they left, and they proceeded to the market of the per- 
fumers ; and lo, their shops were filled with varieties of jK-rfumes, 
and bags of musk, and ambergris, and aloes-wood, and nedtl," and 
camphor, and other things; and tlic owners were all dead, not 
having with them any food. And when ihvy went forth Irom the 
market of the perfumers, they found near unto it n palace, deco- 
rated, and stJongly constructed j and they entered it, and fnuiid 
bitnnera unfurled, and dravm swords, and strung bows, and shields 
hung up by cliains of gold and silver, and hehneti gilded with red 
gold. And in the passages of that palace were benches of ivory, 
ornamented with plates of brilliant gold, and with silk, on which 
were men whose skins had dried upon the bones : the ignorant 
wrould imagine tlieni to he sleeping ; but, from the want of food, 
they liad died, and tasted mortality. Upon this, the Bmecx Mooaa 



THE STOUY OP TUB CITY OF BBASS. 



148 



paused, extoUing the perfection of God (whoe« iuim« be cxxltcd !), 
and his hoLineMi, aiid coiitemplatiog the beauty of ttiat pnUt-v, and 
iu >troi^ coostnictioo, and its wonderful i&brication in the most 
beautiful form and witli the finiit^iit architecture ; and most of ita 
dvcontJon was in ultramarine. " Around it were iiucribc-d these 
vencs : — 

CoitildcT whftt thou bcholdeit, man ; and be on th; guard before iLou 

llcpnrlfal ; 
And prepare gimd provision, tlmt ihou mayesl ei^oy it ; for every dwcllnr iii a 

bmiBv xhult dt'i-arl. 
Coii«idrr n pcapls whn dccornted their obodci, and in tho duit have become 

pledged ioi their octiuni. 
They built ; but their building* availod n«( : and treuurcd ; but tliclr wealtli 

did not savp Oiem whi;ii thv Cvnii had expired. 
How ofltrii lliry hnprd for nbal wn> not di>cTi^cd Ihoui 1 But they poMcd to 

the gtnvn, Riid hope did not prutit tlipm ; 
And from their liigh and gloriuiu atutv tbcy were removed to the narrowncM 

of Uw Mpnlchre. K.vi\ i* ilmir ubod^I 
TIWB ditn came to tlioni a crier, after they were buried, tajing, Where are 

■ho llimnc* and the crowns and thi^ appartt ! 
Where ore the focci which were vvilt'd aiid curlaiued, and on which, for their 

beauty, proreibs aere coiupowd! — 
Aad the grave plainly oniwcred the inquirer for them, A* to the chccki, lb* 

reae it gone from thcm- 
Loag time they ate aiid drank ; but now, after plcuont eating, they them- 

•ehrea have been eaten. 



^ And the Eineer Moosa wept until be became senseless; and 

afUrwards, liavinp given orders to write these verses, he went on 
into the interior of die palace. There ho beheld a great hall, and 
four large and lofty ehambersi each one fronting another, wide, 
decorated with gold and ailver, and nith various colours. In the 
midst of the hall was a great fountain of alabaster, over which was 
a canopy of brocade ; and in those chambers were places [one in 
each chamber] containing decorated fountains, and tanks lined with 
marble; and channcU of water Unwed along the floors of those 
^^ chambers, tlie four streams meeting together in a great tank lined 
^^ with marbles of various colours. — The Gmeer Moosa tben taid to 
r the sheykh ' Abd E^Samad, Enter these chambers with us. So they 

I enlert^ the first chamber; and they found it filled with gold and 

^^ with while silver, an<l pearls and jewels, and jacinths and precious 



144 



THE STORY OK THE CITV OF BRASS. 



nincnls. They found in it also choU fiill of red and yellow aud 
wliili; broc-adea. Aud tiiey wenl thence to tlie nccond chamber, 
and opened a elofiet in itj and )o, it vtas filled witli arms and 
WcapoiiH of war, consislin;; of gilded hcltnct«, and Davidoan coals 
of mail, iiiid Indian nwonly, and lanoea of KhaCl Hcjcr, and mocos 
of Khuwureitni, and otlier instruments of war and battle.** 'Hien 
they passed tlience to the third cliaiiibcr, in wliich they found 
closets hn\-iiig upon their doors closed locks, and orer them were 
curtains worked with various kinds of embroider)'. They opened 
oue of theitfi elosetM, anil found il tilled with weapons decorated with 
varieties of gold and ail wr and jewels. And they wenttliencc to tlic 
fourth chamber, where also Uicy found closets, one of which they 
opened, and they found it full of utensiUi for food and drink, con- 
•Liting of various vessels of gold and silver, aud saucers of crystal, 
and cups set with brilliant pearls, and cups of camelion, and other 
things. So they bf){an to take what suited tliem of those things, 
and e«ch of tJie xuldiers carried olTwhat he could. And when they 
determined to go fortli from those chambers, they saw there a door 
of wij" inlaid with ivory and ebony, and adorned with plaies of 
brilliant gold, in tlie midst of that palace. Over it was hung a cur- 
tain of silk worked with various kinds of embroidery, and upon it 
were locks of while silver, to be opened by artiUce, without a key. 
The sheykh * Abd Ea-Samad therefore advanced to those locks, and lie 
opened them by his knowledge aud boldness and excellent nkill. 
And the party entered a passage paved with marble, upon the sides 
of which were rriU** whereon were figured various wild beasts and 
birds, all llieac being workinl with red gold and white silver, and 
thw eyos were of (Marls and jacinths ; whosoever beheld them wa« 
confounded. Next tlicy came to a saloon, on beholding which the 
Rmeer Moosa and the sheykh 'Abd Ef-Samad were amazed at its 
ctMistruction. 

Hiey then passt<d on, and found a saloon constructed of polished 
marble adorned with jewels. Tlie beholder imagined that upon its 
floor WM rtmning water, and if any one walked upon it he would 
■Itp. Tho limeer Moosa therefore ordered the sheykh 'Abd Ef- 
^nad to throw upon it something that they might be enabled to 
walk tin il i and hi> did tltis, and contrived so that they passed on. 
AikI tliey found in il a great dome oonatrucied of stones gilded 



THE STORV OF THE CITV OF BRASS, 



145 



I 



with red gold. Tlie part,v li^d imt 1)tihcld, in all that they had 

»c«n, an^'thing more beautiful thnn it. And in iho iiii<lst of that 

dome WM • grcnt dome-crowiied structure of alnhtixtvr, nround wliich 

were lattice-windowx, decoriitcd, nnd ndonicd with oliIoDg emeralds, 

Buch 03 nont! of the Kings could procure. It) it was a pavilion of 

brocade, raised upon columna of red gold, and within this were 

birdK, the feet of which were of emeraldfi ; beneath each bird was n 

net of hnlliant pearls, spread over a fountain ; nnd hy the brink of 

the fountain wax phured a couch adorned nith pearls and jewels and 

jacinths, whereon waa ■ dMnscI resembling the shining sun. Eyea 

had not beheld one more beautiful. Upon her was a garment of 

brilliant pearls, on her head was a crown of red gold, with a fillet 

of jewels, on Iier neek wa,* a necklace of jewels in the middle of 

which were refulgent gems, and upon her forehead were two jewels 

the light of which was like that of the sun ; and she seemed na 

though she were looking at the people, and obs(.T\-ing them to tho 

right and left. When the Emeer Mooaa beheld this damsel, he 

wondered extremely at ber loveliness, and was confounded by her 

beauty and the redness of her checks and the blackness of her hair. 

Any beholder would imagine that she was alive, and not dead. And 

they said to her, Patce be on thee, O damsel 1 But Talib the son 

of Saht said to the Emeer, May God amend thy state 1 Know that 

this damsel is dead. There is no life in her. How then cnn she 

return the salutation ? — And he added, O Emeer, she is skilfully 

embalmed ; and her eyes have been taken out after her dent]i, and 

quick*ilTor hath been p»it beneath them, after which they have been 

restored to their pl.icc-ii; %n they gleam; and whenever the air put- 

tetfa litem in motion, the beholder imagineth that she twinkletli her 

eye«, though she is dead." — Upon thia the Emeer Moosa said, Ex- 

toDed be the perfection of God, who hath subdued his sen'anta by 

death ! — And as to the couch upon which was the damsel, it had 

step«, and n]>on the steps were two slaves, one of them white and 

the other blatk : and in the hand of one of them was a weapon of 

steel, and in the hand of the other n jewelled sword, that blinded 

the cye« ; and before llie two slaves was a tnbl<-t of gold, whereon 

was read an inscription, which waa tliis : — 

Id tb* name of God. llie CompaRioiialc. the &lpmftil. Prnin ht to God. ihe 
Crealor of man ; and He i* Ihp l.nn) at lardH, and tlir Tiuiiw of eoiiiiF*. In the 



ml. III. 



146 



THE STORV OK THE CITY OF BRASS. 



nama of God, llic Gr«r)Mtiag, l)i* Eternal ; in the uuar ol God, llic Onlaincr of 
ftl* anil d«Mln}'. O t«« of Ailnni, how ignorant art Hnxx iii the loug iiidii1grnt« 
of hope ! anil hoir unmindful nrt thon of th« arrivnl of tli« firrilnitinvil (wnoi)! 
Knowot tboii not that dcnili liutli cnllcil Cur tUt*, and holli adranccd to *eize tU; 
toui i Br ready llien fuc drpartiirt^. luiil m>k« proviiion in the iroTid; far thou 
will quit ll luou. Wlipt(> IB Adam, lli( father of mankiodf Wlierr an* Nuu^i and 
hia oflipritif-f Wlifn" iif" llif «ovcii>ign KIitm and Coaan? Wliirre are ihe 
Kuifni of India and tU''ErAk ? Where arc ihc Kingi of the MRioM of tlm rnrlli t 
Wlwre are the Amotckiui t Where ore the mi/hly monarchul Tlic numiou 
are void of their ptcience, and they have quilled ihoir familie* and honm. Wlicre 
are ihe Kingiof tlie foreigncn and llie i\rabiF Tli»y have all died, and become 
roUon botiM. Wh^re are the lotdi nf hif;1i di>gn-r ! Tliay h»i* all dinL Where 
arc Kiroon and Himin ! " Where is Sheddiid the inn of 'AM ! Wliert arc Ken 'in 
•nd Ihe Lord of ihe Stake* f" God halh cul tlieni off, and ji is He who culleih 
(hort the lives of mankind, and He hnih miidt? Ihc mauiioti) lo be void of their 
pretence. Did they prepare proviiiuii fur tlie day of Tcsiinctliuii, and make 
tbemacltes ready to reply to llie Lord uf men ! — U thou, if ihou knntr me not, I 
will acquaint tliee with my name ))t>d my de«veiil. I am Tedniur," tlie daughter 
of the King of ihe AmalekiUv, of Hinw wlin nilcil thr cniinlrlr* nilli rqitilf. I pmt- 
Ifmid vhni none of the King* pouritcd, and ruled wilh jiiiticc, anil acted impar- 
■blly (owardi my nihji-cts : f gave and hnlovred. and I iivcd a long Ilmi^ in the 
tnjoyment of happineu and an ra.n' life, and emaiicipntrd feniulc iind mule tiaves. 
Thui I did until the aunimoiier of death Mitio to my ulMiile, and diimlen wriirri-d 
beforr' me. And the coie wa* tliis : — Seven yean in luccciiion came upon us, 
during whieh no water descended on u« from heaven, nor did any gran grow for 
at on the face of [he earth. So we ate what food we had in our dvrellingi. and 
after ihut we fell upon the beaati and ate iliein. and ilinnr remaiiied nothing. 
Upon tlilK, therefore, I cnii>ed llie wealth to lie hroiiglit. nod meled it with it niea- 
■urc, and >enl it by truity mi-n, who went nbout Willi it through all ihr diitncla, 
not leaving unviiiled a single large city, Id seek for some food. But tliry foimd il 
not; and they returned to ua with the wealth, aflcr a long absence. So thcrcnpon 
we cxpoaed to view our riche< and our Ireasurci, locked llie gates of the fortreuea 
in our city, and *tiliiiii(led otme1ve« to the decree uf our [.ord, comniilling our cue 
lo our MMler ; and ihu* we nil died, ttx iliou beholdcal, atid left what we had built 
and «liat wu lind ireatiired. Tliin J* the uory : and after ill* lubetance thera re~ 
nwiieth not aught tare the veatige. 

And they looked at the lownr piirt of Ihe ublct, and taw inscribed 
upon i( these verses : — 

Child of Adam, lot not Iu>p« make gam* of titer. From all that lliy handa 

have treasured ihou ihsit be removed. 
I >c« thee deiirans of the world utid iu embellish menu ; and the jiatt goncra- 

lio(i) linve purfiied ihr taiiiir coiime. 
They acquired wealth, both lawful and forbidden ; but it ni|iclled not fiiie 

when the term expired : 
I1i«j^ led troopi in nnillitudiM, and eullecled richet ; and Ihey left their wealth 

and buildingi uud departed 



THB STOKV OF THK CITY OF BRASS. 



H7 



Tft llw narrow gravn, and Uid dowu in ihc duit i •nd then lli«> luiv« tv- 
UmuimI, plvilgcd fur timii sclioni i 

A* If ih^ company of IrHvellvra liail pul down t1i«ir baggage during niglit in a 
hoiuc wlicrn wks no fiioil fur g<it»i», 

And il* ««ner hnd lald to llicin, O [wople, [lirrc if not any lodging for you in 
iL So they packed after nligliling. 

And thty oil tlicrciipon became fearful and limid : neither lialling nor jour- 
neying wo* picaiant unlo them. 

Then prepaca good piovinon that trill rejoice thee lo-morroir ; and act noi 
•wre Bgreubly with the frar of thy Lurd. 

And upon the tablet were also iiiacribed these words :" — 

Whoao wriveth at our city, and mterelh it, Cud facililuting hi< entrance into 
It. lei litin lake of the weulth whut he can, but nut touch anylhiiig that !*• on my 
body ! (bt it I* tlia covcriii)^ of my poru>n, and ili< attiro wltli whicli I am fitted 
fbnh &un> the world. Tlicreforr let him fear God. and not ici^ic aitght of [I ; for 
he would destroy himarlf. I have caiiied ihii to be nn admonition from mc unto 
Hm, and a charge which I give iiim in cunlidmce. And peace be on you! I b»g 
God, nonvrcT, to tare you frum the evil of trials tuid lickneoi. 

Tlic Emecr Moosa, when ]ic heard these words, again wppt so 
violeutly that he became inxetisihle; and ufler he had recovered, 
be wrote nil that he saw, aitd was admoiiLshed by what he witnessed. 
He lluMi said to his compuiiiuiis. Bring the saek^," and fill them 
with pari of these ridics and these vessels and rarities and jewels. 
And tlitfreu]>oii, T&lib the bon of Sahl said to the Eineer Moosji, O 
£niecr, shall we leave this damsel with tlic things tliut are upon her? 
They arc things that have no equal, nor is the like of them at any 
time found, and tliey are more llian llie riches tliou liast taken, and 
will be the best present by which tiiou iiiaycst ingratiate timelf 
with the Prince of the Failliful. — But the Eniecr replied, O thou, 
henrdest ihrni not tliat which the daniscl hath given as a vhai;ge, in 
the ijucriptiuii upon this tablet? Moreover, and especially, she 
Iiath given it as a charge oScred in confidence, and wc are not of the 
people of treachery. — The Wezeer Talib, however, said, And on 
account of these words wilt thou leave these riches and these jewels, 
when she is dead ? What then should .the do wiUi these things, 
wliich are the orniinicuts of the world, and the decoration of tlie liv- 
ing ? With a garment of cotton might this damsel be covered, and 
we arc more worthy of tlic things than ahc. — Then he drew near to 
the steals, and ascended them until he" reached Uie spot between 



,^ 



SJ^i 




'■k'A 



the two nieu [tile aUves before mentioned], when to, one of tltese 
two »notc him upon his back, aud the other sniotc him witli the 
svrord tliHt v,-iu in his hnnci, and tttruck olf his head, and liv full duw-n 
dead. So tlie Einccr Moo«i suid, Mnv UckI not n^gard w-ith ineccv 
thy resting-place ! Thure wim, in these riches, a sufficiency ; and 
coretousnesa doth doubtlessly dishonour the person in whom it 
cxistcth ! — He theroupon gave orders for the entry of the troops, 
wlio accordingly entered, and they loaded the camt-ls with part of 
those richeit and mineral*; nflvr which the Kmcer Muosa com* 
manded them to close the gate as it was before. 

They then proceeded along the sea-coaat until they came in 
light of a high mountain overlookhig the sea. In it were many 
caves, and lo, in these was a people of the blacks, clad in hid*^ and 
with bumuscs of hides" upon ttieir heads, whoso language was not 
known. And wlicn they saw the troops, they ran away from them, 
and fled to those caves, while their women and their children stood 
at the entrances of the caves. So tlic Emecr Moosa said, O sheykh 



THE STORY OF THE CITY OP BRASS. 



148 



Abd E^Sanuul, what arc llw-se pcopk- ? AiiJ li<: Miixwcrcd, Tlii^sc 
U1 the objc-cU uf tlie iiKiuiry of llie Prince of the Faitliful. Th<^y 
therefore alighted, and tbc tents were pitched, and the riches were 
put down ; and they had not rested when the Kin)f of the hlacks 
L'unie down from th« niutintaiii, Hiid dn-w nour to the troops. He 
was acquainted wttli the Arabic language ; wherefore, when he ciiine 
to the £iiie«r Moosa, ho saluted him ; and the £ineer returned 
his salutation, and treated him willi honour. Then the King of the 
blacks said to the Einccr, Arc ye of miinkind, or of the Jinn ? The 
&nccr answered. As to us, we are of mankind ; and as to you, there 
U no doubt hut Uiat ye are of the Jinn, because of your seclusion 
in tliis mountain that is separated from the world, and because of 
the greatness of your make. But the King of the hlacks replied, 
Nay, we are a people of the race of A<lam. of the aons of Ilam the 
son of Nooh, on whom be peace ! And as to this sen, it is known 
by the iiinnc of Et-Karkar. — So tlie Pinieer Moosa said to him, And 
whence obtained ye knowledge, when there hath not conic unto you 
any prophet divinely inspired in such a country as tiiis? He 
uuwere<l. Know, O Emecr. that there appcarcth unto us, from this 
sea, • penoti diffusing n light whereby the surrounding tracts are illu- 
minated; nud he proclaimeth, with a voice which the distant and 
the near hear, U sons uf Ham, be abashed at Him who sceth and is 
not seen ; and say, There is no deity but God : Muh.immad is the 
Apostle of God. And I am Abu-l-'Abbl* El-Khitir."— Before 
that, we used to worship one another ; but he called us to the wor> 
ship of the Lord of mankjiul. — Then he said to the Eineer Moosa, 
He hntl) also taught us some words to say. — And what, asked the 
Eineer, are those words? He answered. They are thc*e: — There 
is oo deity but God alone : He hath no partner : to Him belongeth 
dominion, and to Him bclongeth pmise : He giveth life and killeth ; 
and Ho is able to do everything. And we seek not access to (iod 
(to whom be ascribed might and glory !) save by these words, nor 
know we any otiiers. Also, every night of Friday" we see a light 
npon llie face of tlie earth, and we hear a voice saying, Perfect ! 
Holy! Lord of the Angels and tlie Spirit!" Whatsoever God 
willeth eometli to pass, and what He willeth not comelli not to 
pass 1 Every benefit from God is a gratuitous favour ! And there 
is no streugtii nor power but in God, tlie )ligh, the Great ! 



IM 



THE STOKY OF THE CITV OF BBASS. 



I'lic Emect Moosa tfa«n said Uj faim, Wc arc the aaaociatM of tlw 
King of El- Islam, 'Abd EUMelik tli« wd of Marwau ; mid wc- have 
corns on account of the bottles of brass lliat arc here in your sen, 
and wbcrcin ore the de^iU imprisoned from tlic time of Suleviniii 
the HOI) of Doood (on both of whom be peace !). He hath com* 
maiuled un to bring him iwnie of them, that be may ace them, and 
divert himself bj- llic view of ibcm. — And the King of the blncks 
replied, Most williiiglj. Then he fea^ited htm with fish, aiid 
ordered tlie divers to bring up from the sea some of the bottles of 
8ulejm^ ; and the; brought up for them twelve bottles ; where* 
with the Enicer Moosa was delighted, and tlic sheykh 'Abd E»- 
Saniad also, and the soldiers, on account of the itccoinplishment of 
the aflair of the Prince of the Faithful. The Emeer Mooa there- 
upon presented to the King of the blacks many presents, mid gave 
him large gifts. In like manner too tho King of the blocks gave to 
the Emeer Moosa a prest-iil coniiistiiig of ivcmdcrs of the sea, in the 
form of human beings, and said to him. Your entertainment for 
these three days shall be of these fish. And the Emeer rc!)>lied, 
Wc must carry with us some of them, lluil Ihe Prince of the Faith- 
ful luiiy see tlicm; for thereby will his heart he pleased more than 
by the bottles of Suleyinan, 

Tlieu ihey bade him farewell, aud they journcj-ed hack until 
ihey Clinic to the loud of Syriu, jmd went in to the I'riucc of the 
Faithful; whereupon the Emeer Mooxit actjuiiiiitcd him with all 
that he bad seen, nud all that hiid occun-eti to him witli re»j>rct to 
tlie verses and histories and admunitions, and told him of the c.ise of 
f Alib the son of tiidil. And the Prince of the Faithlul said to him, 
Wouhl that 1 hud been with you, that I might have beheld what ye 
beheld 1 He then took the bottles, and proceeded to open one after 
nnolher, and tlio devils came forth frvrn them, siiyiiig. Repentance ! 
O Prophet of God ! We will not return to the like conduct cvc-r !— 
And 'Abd El-Melik tlic sou of Marwiii wondered at tliis. But as 
to tlic damsels of the sea, with the like of which tlie King of the 
blacks feasted tliem, tliey made for tltem troughs of wood, which 
tliev fdled with water, and into these they put them. They died, 
however, in consequence of the intensity of the hnU AHcr this, 
tlie I'rinee of the Faithful caused the riches lo be brought before 
hiai, and divided them among the Muslims. Aiid be said, God 



THR STORY OF THE CITY OF BRASS. 



101 



hath not bestowed upon any one the like of wliat He lipstowcd upon 
Sulcymnii the son of D^iood. Tlicn the Emccr Moosa begged the 
Prince of the Faithful that he might .ippohit his son in his place as 
Governor of the province, and that he might himself go to the 
noble Jerusalem," there to worship God. So the Prince of tlie 
Faithful appointed his son to the government, »nd he himself went 
to the noble JcriiMdem, and he died there. 

Tim is the end of that wliich hath eome down to ux, of tlio hii- 
lorj of the City of Brass, entire. And God is all-knowing." 








(^{ 




NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTY-FIRST. 



NOTC I. 

Tri* eitr, wlricb, we are lalJ in (be bdr, dcrind ili luuno fron it* harin)! loa 
(»w«r* of br«u (or >-clIo» coppn), u not to b« identified viih that whicli ii ra<»- 
(ion«d in the Slorjr of Aboo Mo^aminiul th« Laij ; ai lh« latlct wa* in a diSercnt 
part af the wotM, though it wm liko ih* fatmer \m bariqg no viiibl*' gM«. Th« 
StJiry of tha City of Bnn ipptan to have be«rt nggciud panl}- hv n tni'iition 
relottd by Et-Tabotcc,* and partly by Bccotinti, or octtial observation, of th« 
Mcimt lemptpi and toanbi of Bg^tpl, with ihtir nucriplkiiui, ulaton, nutmmica. 
tK. And brrr I may million, that th« trrm "na^boot," tmployfd tn tignify 
•' a hiimMi bf infc mnxrtitA by the wratli dt Gcd into ■lone," ii eommnnly njipliFil 
in Egypt to an aticicnl ftalu*. IIpiks lh« Arab liarf bM«nw bmiliar with llm 
idea of dtie* wtiote inhabtlanti ore prtrifttd. Qui ikii iftnark would havr bpcn 
xtMTt appraptiate a* an {IIiwlTabou of " llie Sloty of llic Fint of the Tlinv Lndic* 
of Bagltdid;" bribe inkabiliuiti ofibe (Sly of llnmarr not ductibcd at prtriAed. 

Natl 2. 

'Abd El-M«11k the Kin of Manria wu the filUi Rhalcafth ef the hoiiae of 
Unwlyah, and reipicd a. d. «SS— TOfi- 

NoTC ». 

Namrly, reprilcn, and (h«,viiid. Sot vol L page 35. 

Koi* 4. 

Tlic word trndercil " boiilw " i« the plural of " ^lunl^uni." For a d«MTiption 
of tbe vessel ibiiii called tco Note 3 to Chapter ii. 



puU* L tliap, ilil. 



' Chnniiiut d* Tkburi" [prinlfd ta Oa OrtmMl TMniUtim fund). teoM I. 



KOTEs TO ciurteK 



us 




The readoig wWdt I b«t 



Here, b nj oripn^ W aot a A> I 
aughi of Uiii lel^ioa.'* 

ICnm 7. 

Our antlMr lia* crrrd te 
with 'Abd El-Mefik t}«! mb «f 
Ntwmin Ihn D-MamllBr, 
gatioB of rl-idim. IW ncm^ iIh^ 
10 Salomon b^ God ("ik* Wka, A* IIb»^ m 
•hoaU read, — 





of naokiii^ *ai widiMd tk*« I 
And bring ■ndcr the iina; feel huce 

wHti ilak and pOUn. 
Wlwoo <^r(lh, Rvnd Um far Ue obM&encc, w k falh ofc q ^ tW, dlnct 

Ume^glil: 
Aad wboM cfftmA dw«, p^A Ua wrmiy : m prafaihil A* ^nrt. . . . 



Sm i1» oiigiaiJ in De Sw^'a ChiwnaMhJi Anbc, 3ad« ed^ Imb* il jf **^^ 
«r tht Anbic l*in uxl Ui UH^itiM nd mmm, p^ US aid 441.— Bmm it b 

cridHd, ■* ibb greM Kbol«' faa reHHrked, dHt dM kgead* ndMiog in SdoMa 
ahkii m md in dw ^Ht-i*, Mptdidl; ia Cbapten H ud 38, vcfc cntnM 
■ia<mg the Ar»b) bcCcn MihiiniMiii 

Hvn «. 

"Tb VcMern CooMiy " U Natdi«n Africa, «m of F^jjiL 

Sot« 9. 
In mj oigtiul, crronoooUy wriiMii " Nifr." 

NotK 10. 

" That it, ' a whiw nHngn to take with lh««.* It i* alio mi, in th« nlgar 
dialect, 'The *nBgD of oxli-a-oiM b iibiU ' wben bt liuli nat in ibt pcrfbnnanM 
of hl> aflatn."t White eniignii 4c. ^*Tt uton panictibrly dltiiikctiv* of lh« 
nrah of the 'Abhim Khalccfcha; a*d bUek, of the 'AbbiMc* thcmMlvM; but 
thcM aba gave nhiit tnugut to their {oremon 



• nttktinimjn 
vol.. lit. 



I Itiu(iul Dsii ti) ms tlinkh. 



IM 



NUTKS TO CHAFTBK TWeNTY-PIKtlT. 



Note II. 

By " Mijr " nc must here iindcntaDd Kl-Fiutil, nuw vulgarly called " MafT 
•(•'Atcckah " (or old Mnjr) ; lu Cttiro was not )-ct fonndfiJ. 

NOTK 12. 

" 'Abd lii-Sumnd " tigiiifiea '■ Sorvnm of ihe Ctnmal ;" nnd " 'Abd El- 
Kuddnoa," " Sen'oiit of the Holy." The ■iimnine wtitlen in my ori)[innl " K}' 
Samoodcc " i) doubtful : in the BrciUu edition it ii " Hl-Miumoodee." 

NoTB 13. 

In my originid, " D4i'An.'' — Thp Br«tlau odiliun dcncribeo prepnrutiana made 
for encountering the hoi and dry winda of the dc*CTl : but no nientioii is nfti-r- 
vard* Tiiiuir of thrac diiHcxiltica. It nlf) relnlra, that the party wondered from 
th(< right way bt'furci they arrivtid al the <ir«i of the vondecfol objects which thny 
beheld in their journey. 

NoTt H. 

" Tliat l«, ill tlio (abemaclM of th* world, or in th» Inbcmulet of lh«ir 
Hulk"* 

Kdtk is. 

" For wonhip, and what nill follow it."t 

NOTB 10. 
Tlii* Tcrae, onultcd in my original, t have inaorlcd ttom tlic Brralau cditiou. 



Ste NoM DS to Chflpl«r x. 



NOTR 17. 



NOTR IS. 



Thi« ii douhtlciB a miitakc, for " K6ah the ion of lUm," or Ciuh the aon of 
Ham. 

NoTB 19. 

" Eah-Sh&in," which genvrally applle* to Syria, or its capital Damaaciix, hcrii 
•I^ilie* the noTthcm porta of .\rabia, oppoiod to El-Yamrn; mid "rrnni Miar 
«nlo 'AdnSn," from thf coinitry of Mijr (i. e, Egypt) to that of 'Adiiin, onrestor 
of tliv Naliiridlzvd Anibii. My kheykh rcmurlii, thnt lhe«c vcnei ore ■ niodern 
forgery, u i* ■hewn, among other ibiiign, by the fAcI (liat 'AdiiAu lived long after 
KA»h. The talc prcacnia numeroua anachronimui tbroiiglitnil. 

Note 20. 

" Everyman i> given in pledgi^ fur that wliich he thall have wrought." (Kur-Ao, 
ch. liL T. il.) TlitU iti, UK Salerxptoina ihv words, " Every man is [iledgvd unto 
God for lux bohariour: and if he does well, ho redeem* hia pledge; but if ovil, 
ho forfeit* iL" 



* M*i(ia*l iww bj IDS '•ttflih. 



I Una. 



NOTBS TO CIIAPTBE TWENTY-PIKST. 



1S5 



NOTK 21. 

'Dihisli'" lignifiM "uraa«d;" and "Mtniuh," "hiiviiift weak oyM, with a 
frajucnt flowiog of i«an." 

NoTt 22. 



TltM !■, pnpare to riiiiwct OchI, on the day of judgment 

NoTK 23. 



rlliii ii ■ common phroie, and mny bo rcndcrecl, " bit fury, or ptuaion, roee," 
or, " he vu violently moved." 



Sm NoI« 115 to Chapter xi. 



Son Si. 



Note 23. 



Fnod Ihii point to the end of the next parngTaph i» from the edition of 
Brcmlou; very little of it being in the Cairo edition. 

NorK 26. 

By the word rendered " King," I suppose a King of the Jinn to be mcnnt. 

Note 27. 

Tliie name I mippn*e to be iniuKinary, iinleii it be a niiital.c for " Kookou," 
which wotd, ill ikrnbic characicrk, diHen Iillte from " Karknr." ]f the " Kookuo " 
of Ll-ldree(ee he the " Koiikn " of our modem maps (ihc chief town of Bomnu), 
ifaa IBB io question may bv the grefit Inke " Tchad." 

Note 28. 

" F.1-Anda1ui" ii the nnmo by Kkich the Arabs cull, not mcnlj Allddlllll^ but 
the whale of Spnin. In the tradition related by Ut-Tnbnrce, and tHadvd to in tb* 
£nt of thcie notes, the City of UrniB )■ snid to hnve been built in n dpaerl, beyond 
■ city named El-Andalus. But according lo lliia tradition, the whole city wo* 
connnicted of boM. God, itt «c are told in the Kur-fin, ■ made a fountain of 
molten hntai to flow for Sulrymin ; and the tradition i elates, that the Jinn, having 
tniMported tkii fountain to the place above mentioned, biiill there a ^renl city, 
twelve milei iu length and the same in breadth, in which he deposited lii> bonk* 
B>d treaauree. The Iradilion also narrates soiiie purliculois of the expedition of 
UooM the ion of Nufcyr to lliia city; itating its remit, however, lo have been 
UMiKceHfuL 

KOTB 29. 
I have made a correction here on the authority of tbo Brctku edition. 



• Ch(fLmJv, V. II 



158 NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTY-FIRST 

Note 30. 

Ill my original, the inscriptions of three more of the tablets are given; and in 
the Breslau edition, those of all the seven : but they are so much alike, that I have 
thought it sufficieut to give only one as a specimen. 

Note 3t. 

" That is, the verses which cause safety to their reciter ; as the saying of Him 
whose name be exalted ! — ' And wherefore should we not put our trust in God !' 
[Kur-&n, chap. liv. v. 15.j — ' Say, Nothing shall befall us but what God bath 
decreed for us.' " * [Idem, chap. ix. v. 51.] f 

Note 32. 
Tliis phtase means " a long time." 

Note 33. 
" God is most great!" it the usual Muslim cry of victory. 

Note 34. 
See Note 67 to Chapter v. 

Note 35. 
Literally, " green lapis-lazuli ;" but this is doubtless a mistake of a copyist. 

NoT£ 36. 

Respecting the coats of mail and the lances here meotioned, see Note S to 
Chapter viii., and Note 2 to Chapter vi. 

Note 37. 
See Note 7 to Chapter xiii. 

Note 3S. 

The word here rendered "veils" is the plural of "burko'," which generally 
tignifieB "a woman's face-veil;" but it is also sometimes applied to a door-curtain. 
The curtain which is suspended over the entrance of the Kaabeh is thus called. 

Note S9. 

In this sentence are some errors in my original which the Breslau edition has 
enabled me to correct. — The greater part of the description of the palace given in 
the edition of Cairo is wanting in that of Breslau. 

Note 40. 

Respecting Kfiroon and Hltmlin see the twenty-eighth chapter of the Kur-&n. 

* ferarE^rul nDt« by my iheykb. 

t flee mj work dd the Modrra ^xpUinl, vol- L ch. xL second puagn^ih. 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWKNTV-PIRST 



187 



The rarain b Uic Korali of Ike Bible : tli« Uit«r wit the Mtt nuniiin' of the 
Pharaoh wbo ojiprantd the Uraelite*. 

Nmk II. 

" K«ii'iii" id the Canaan of the Bible; uiil "the Lordof th« Sioku" i*anappel- 
iBtiod giwn (in the Kur-in, chop, xxxiiil. v. 1 1) to thv Pliarnoli above mcnliontd. 
The vonU bearing thit DDeaniiig Sale rcndm " thccontriverof tlirittikcs;" Aiiilhe 
gives Ibe feflowuij note upon ihetiL " For tliejr ay Pharaoh u«cd Ui tie ihoic he 
haJ ■ iHiiid to pvaiA. hj the hondt and feel, to four slakea fixed in the ground, 
uid n tonnenled ihna. Soiive iiilerprcl the wordi, which muy aliio be Iraiiilatvd, 
The lord «v iHster of ibe Hakei, fiipirativel)-, of the lirm cmablidinicnt ni Pharaoh'* 
Ungdom ; beccuM llie Anba lU their tenta with itakci ; but tbcy may pouibly 
tmend that prinee'i obtfinacy and bardneM of heatt." 

Note 42. 

Here are errors here in the Cairn and Breilau edition*. I have followed what 
appean (from Tr*buticn'« Iranslulion) lo br iht reading of Von Hammer'* ilS. — 
''T«dnutr*'h lb««riginalandpreHentriBiiie of Pslmym. which. BccurdingtotbcArab^ 
iiu IHiMd aiWr iti Queen Trdmnr, the dnughlvr uf IJaaoi'in llic sou of I dheyneh. 
Onr author, bowercr. can hardly be nipfKMcd lo have here meant this Qii<>en ; the 
riUHtkn and gnnd remains of Ibc city bearing her name being so wdl linown. 

Nora 13. 

SonwWDrdt in my oriftinni, iinmediaiely following the venet, I umil, u tliey 
arc simitar to (be niar.y exhortations wluch h«e« oomrred before, and are not iif 
•etlcd in the Btnlaa cdiliaii. 

Hon -M. 

He word rendered "Mcks" (namely " aadil") I* alto applied (o other rtcep- 
UdM for pravirioDS, 8,-c., two of which form a camcr> lond, one being attached on 
•adtaUcoftbe animal. 

NOTB «. 

It b «U, JB my otixinol, thnt he meended the tXcpt " until bo waa between the 
two ealnniH, and reached the spot helwceii the two men." Th»c columns nut 
beingr ebcwbere menlioned, I have omitted the words here relating lo them. 

NoTB 16. 

The "bunun," alto called "bum'^w," 1* a hooded cloak, generally madir et 
irUte wmOcii atuf) and inottly wuni by liie people of Northern Africa, llie 
pMfdu of Kookoo are detcrlbeil by F.l-](irve«ee* an wearing tkini. Revert to Note 
27. 

Note 47. 

Or El-Klui4''- Accurdiiig to my sheykli, ihiidoe* not apply to ihe Prophet [oe 
Saint] nMiitlOBed In volume i. page 22 : but I know not whom el>* It can mean. 

• Finl Olmite, lUrd Sntioo. 



158 AHSrUACT OF THB STORY OP THB KING AND HIS SON, Sc 

NoTK 4a. 

What the Miiriiini term " thr night of Frida)'* U th^ night immcdiutif prrerd- 
ing the day of Fridnjr ; m they chua each night with the day which immediately 
followi it. 

NOTH 40. 

By "th« Sprit" ia here uieant the Ang*l Gabriel. 

Nan iO. 



Ji-rt»alcm \» here railed In my nriginal, luid bjr the Muilbnt genenlly, " EI' 
Kudi," wliirli HigTiifiP* " liulinoM.'* The Mu'lira^ Ulw llic Chri>tl(Uu and Jews, 
ngtrd it with grcitt veneration. 

NoiB &I. 

The next «iory in my ari^inal ii that of " the King and hi« Sun uid t^e Ditm- 
ecl and Ihc Seven Wexeen," *hich ends with pan of tlic lix hundred and lixth 
Night. It ii limilar in ila rrame-wurk to Ihv BuklilyaT Nlimch, ni obierved by an 
orientnlial *lio (in the Asiatic Juurnul, N. S. I'ol. xxx.. Nu. 130) lini f^iveii a auut- 
mary of it* eonleiit*, coiiipri»ing nnmcron« nhort lnle« «e1ecWd from it, (raimluled 
front a manutcrlpt of n poriion of the Thouiond nnd Ona Night* in the Itrltiah 
Muicum ; in wliich mnriuacript the iloty ii rtlalcd ntnrly si in the (^oim edition.* 
It ii dUq related nearly iu the same manner in u fragment of the Thouiand nnd 
One Night* brought from India ; and from that fragment, Ur. Jonathan Scott 
maile ■ tmnalutiun, whlcl] b included in hi* " THle«, /tc. from the Arabic 
and Ptnian." t The «tory in my original, na well na in tliii mnniitcripts above 
mentioned, abound* uilh indecent pnunge* nnd incident*; hut among the ihort 
tnlvi of wbicb it ia enmpMcd nre acime nf coniidemble inCcrcat, nnd tome olliere 
which I think nol entirely univorlhy of being presented to the Engllih readt-r. I 
*h»ll Ibervt'ore fultuw ibe example of llie I'lrtt cil' the IruiiBlotori menliancd above, 
and, dittingiil Riling by inverted coininfu the puriiomi which will be fully rendered, 
or only curtiuled nfn few objeclionBhIe words, give an 

Aiitract of Ike Slorii of ihr King and h'u Son mid Ike Damlel and 
Ikt StrnH It'ezeeri. 

There wu, in ancient time^, a certain King, of great power, who had reigned a 
long time, but hod nut been bleweil with a hou. At If iiglh, liowpver, after be had 
cnrncttly prayed for an heir, bit wifir, the daughter uf hit uncle, bore him a mule 
child, wilb a fiice like Ibe diac of the moon in iU foiirleenth night. Al the age of 
five yeotv. the boy wni emnmilted to the cnrc of n ange named Es-SindiliAd, and lis 
bMoma unequalled in science, and polite learning, and intelligence, and hornemnn- 
»hip. IJut one day the »Bge diicovered, by observing the stars, that the younn 
man woi threatened »it]> denlnietion, if, during the next aeveii tlnys lie ihould 
■peak one word. The King tbcrcfore, by the Mgc'i advice, delivered him tu n 
bioale slave, to be diverted with music in the panlion of llic women, and to be 
kept there until the expiraUon of that period. Nov there were in the pavilion 

• Tlili UK HubiDuKtil rtnin Biiighi1*il. II lBh>i>|t«i lolht csHmIIihi of Mr. RMIi, 
) T*ii Rvmoo'i MS. Ukivlu tvnUlu Ibb ■lui)'. 



I 



t - i- " 



forty )irivat« chanben, in cnch of which wtrc Ua ilave-giri*, cvcnr one of vhom 
bad a mttficKl iMtrumttil, aod when anj^ one of them played, the pavilion danced 
at the mdoilioiu tanndi tbixt ihr produced ; and around the pavilion ran a river. 
tke bankt of wlitrh were plantrd with all kinds of Ihiit-tcaen and >wett-H[ii«!ling 
flowrn. But here llie favourite cruncubitir of the King brcutie viulvrilty eiiam- 
ouird of htf aon : Ihe young man wm iiidigiianl at hcaHiig from her the avowal of 
btr fatthu ; and ahe hi cuniiv<(iii.'nc'e cniiiplttlncd lo hi« f;itlii^r, reverting the Iru* 
tiatt of ll>« nno. Th« King thereupon wu furioiuly cnragod, and, having lum- 
rooiud Ma Wexccn, ordered thcin to put hu ion lo death. The Wcirrri. however, 
feared th*t he would afterwardi repent, and blume them for not hnvin^ diasuodcd 
him : *o iIk; drtermined to diverl him. if poiiible, from hii purpoic. This they 
tBd«at«und ht do by nJating to bEm nimietvua abort lain : and the guilty damiel 
tsdnvouifd to ooiutteract UmIt fnfluMlcs by aIniiUr ineaiiti. 

Tlic Pint Wnecr, m an inatanee ofibe strali^tiu (but not of th« wickedneu) 
of wonMn, begini by relating thai, — 

A certain King mw a beautiful dani«e1 ijpnn the roof of her houxo, uti waa 
captiraled by her cbarma, imd, learning thai aht! wiu tlm wife of hi> Wizerr, ha 
mil tbit miniiter to exaniine tlie ilote of one uf the proviiii'en, and went to jmy htr 
a tUl But be received from her n rrprDof ■ which coiifnnndcd hini. lie ijiiictcd 
Iwr altode abruptly ; Icnving hi> >ca!-rinj; by miitakr, In hla confiiiion. beneath Che 
caUon Dgsinil which he had been reclining ; and when the Wecevr returned to 
bb ho«*e, he huppeued to put his hand hniealh the ciithion, and there found th« 
Kiag'* aral : to h« aqiaratcd himwlf (rttia hi* wife for the ipaec oT a whole yoar, 

■ "A rfpnerwrmucblikalhiiiRliladiBIlM Otttmrntw, Hat. V.tlorB.1.' <*>IWk Jaunal, 
v. a. nL in. p. If «.) 



ICO ABSTKACT OP TUB STORY OF THE KIKO AND HIS BON, lie. 

not «vcii >p«Hktng (o )\tT. She knew not Ihe CBUte at hii tuiger; anil nt length, 
when the wu« woarin) by hit cniidiict, ihc complained to her father, who nent in 
to ihn King, and ■' findbji the Weieer in hit prrai-nce, niiii ihe Kiilce uf the army 
hoforr him, neciined tlic Weieer in thme wnrdu; — Mny C!od (whotti name be 
exiilte<IT) uDiend ihv drciiniHtsiioo of \he King ! t hnil i Imniitiftil garden, which 
1 piniilvd Willi Illy linnil, niid I cxjiciidcd upon it my wcaUh, until it bore fruit, 
and iu fnili woi ripe, when I rih-c it to thii thy Wexcer, uiid lie ate of it what wai 
plcaianl la liim, aStet whieli lie ubun<lun«d it ; eu itK fluwen withered, uiid ita 
heniity dr|iartcd, uid iti itnle dltu^iher changed. — And thereupon the Wezeer 
(nid, D Kiiij;, thii penon liath tpuktn truth in tliat wliieh lie hntli ttud. I 
guarded it, and Mr uf it ; hnl I went one day to it, nnd law the footstep of the linn 
there ; to 1 ww afhiid of liirn, and withdrew myictf fiom it. — The King iherofni'c 
underMood ttiRt III* fcHitatep which the Weieer had found uoi the King'i leat tlint 
lie hod left hy miatnkc in the home ; and upon this lie mid to the Wexcw, Hetum, 
O Wezt^er, to thy ^rden. and thou wilt he aufe and aecare ; for the lion drevt not 
near it. It hath been told nie thul the lii^n i-Hitie thither ; but he did It no injury, 
by the honour of my fatli^r* and niy nncculnrii ! — So the Wciesr, on hearing lliit, 
taid, I hear and ohey. He returned to hi* houie, and icnl to hi* wife, niitdo peace 
with her, and eonlided in her h«ne«ij-." 

Tlie tame Wctcer then relulcn llie iloryof the Huibond and llicPaitol.* The 
Damncl next tells a thort tale of a father who periithed in Htlempliiig lo tave hii 
jon fiMm drowning, and another liile nnlii for tmniilation. Tlieu Ihu Seeond 
Weieer relate* a «Iory of a na«iy trick jJaycd upon a merchant by an old woman, 
and a tnl* i wliieh i» an follow* ;— 

A woman received virit* &om two men unknown to her huahand ; one of ih«>m 
wftt the trcaiurer of the King, nnd the other wu ilml oIHcct'ii young man. And 
one day, when the latter wai with her. his mniter knocked at the door : ao ahfl 
look the young man, and put him down into n c 1i hi iibfr beneath a trap-door; after 
which, she npnicd the door, and Ihe mauler entered. " Iliil In, her liinthaud 
knocked nt her door; whereupon he jaid lo lier, Who i> thii? She antwered, My 
huihand. And he uid to her. What shiill I do, and what ihnll ho my r««ource in 
lid* coae T Sh« answered hiui, Ariie, draw ihy 8word, and stand at the entrance of 
Ihe piuiage : then abuae me and revile nie ; and when my huKband eumcth in to 
thee, depart, and go lliy vrny. He Iherefure did so ; and when her hmhand eania 
in, he taw the King'* Ireaiurer itonding, with hia drawn sword in hii hand, rcril- 
ing hi* wife, and threatening her; and the ircaiurer, on neeing him, woi abaihed, 
ilid thtathed liia iword. and wrnl forth from the home. So the man uiid lo hit 
wife, What is the cause of this T And she answered him, How bleaaed is this hour 
in which thou liaat come t Tliou hsnt delivered a believing >oiil from tlimghter. 
And the cnae waa no other than Ihia: I no* •pinning upon the houie-top, and lo, 
a young man came in unto me, an nutcnit, diatraeted, jianling in fear of slaughter ; 
and thii man, with hi* drawn iwnrd, was lioatening after him, ttrifing in pursuit of 
him. So the young man threw liimiclf upon my protcrtinn, kiaaing my hands and 
niy feel, and »aid, O my mislreta, deliver me from him who desire th my alaugliter 
uiyustly ! Wlierefiire I hid lilin in tlio elianiber here beneath the trap-door ; and 
when I saw that thix man had entared, with hla aword drawn, [ denied the young 



■ In nuplc' 11. 0' tut pr**«nl vork- 

t '- Uni or IM iliiDiadfSK" (Aitilic Jeota., M.S. au.ltr.) 




man la him on hia dcmAnding him ofmc, and hr began la T«vile me and threaten 
m* a* ihou unraL And prniio bi^ In fiod ulio linlli «cnl thee iinlo mr ; for I mm 
pnplexni, havinit no oni- wiih me to wkuo me — Her hmhand ihcrcupon utiii in 
bCT, ExodUnlly hall lliou d'lnn, O woman I Thy rcwiird ii due from God, nnd He 
will noNnpniM tliee well for thy d»d. — Then her )iu.ibii[id vriil to the rhnmhrr be- 
■MAlh (he tnp-door, and culli-d llir ymiiig mni), •nyiiig ti> him, Come up ! Ko hanii 
(liall be&H ihoi! — Sa ht camn up from ihn chninlirr, lint in a einte of fear; And 
the nuui uld to him. Cheer (hyiclf. So harm ihiill bcfnil thee. — And he wbk 
gricred for thnl which Imd bcfallm him, while llic young mnn prayed for him . 
Tbui llipy bolh went furlh, itiicl know nnC of t!ie ilnitafi-rni wliii-h (liis woiimn had 
cOBtriTfd. " 

On the third day (for on mcli day one Weieer trie> hi« influence), the Damul 
relatci "* (h« Story of tli« Envious \t't'£eer and the IViticc and the (ihooleh."* Then 
<Im Third Wejif^r tntrrt, nnd niuY-.il>'i ih* two following aiii-cdutet : — 

" Tbrre wnt a hunlimnii who hunted llie wild lienati in thadewrl, and Mifday 
he entered a eave in a mountain, iind found in it a hollow which wu HUrd with 
hoaey. So he collected name uf ihnl honey in n wuti-r-skin llint he hiid with him : 
Uttn h» earriod it upcn hi* ulioulilrr, nnd conveyed it to the city, hniing with liitn 
k hoond lliat waa dttac nntn hiin. And the liuntiman slopped nt ilic ihop of an 
eilmaii, lo whom be offered tlie lioncy for *ale, nnd llic thnitnian, Hgrt«ing l« buy 
h, opened the wntiT-skin and «niplied fruin it the honey, to wo it. But there 



• »ttilr ■• loltl In Ch>vt4r U. in Ibla aerk. 

V 



i(>2 AWrUCI OP THE STOKV OF THE KIK(i AND HIS SON, tr. 

ilropprd f^m Ihc ^in a teip tf balMy, and ■ bM peliM«d down iipon il ; and thr 
uilriiftii Iisd a cat, and It >pnu>f[ upon iho bird; and tlie huntman't dog law it, 
and •pranf upon lh« cat and killed it : and tlw oilman (prang upon Lhe buiil«nia>'f 
dog and killed tl : and llie huntiinaii sprang Bpoa ihc oilman and killrd Iilni ; and 
tbp oilman vru of one vllla^, and lb* huntMnaa «f mollin, and llie people of 
lliFtv luv vitU^ri b»rd of tlui crent ; »« tli«; took liwlr weapon* nnd lamt, and 
tose Bgainat each other in anfer : the two ranki met, and xhe •vnrdi rtoied not t« 
be brandlalied about unong ifaen ttnlil there died of tlietn n great mulUtudc, llie 
number »f ulmni none knoweth liul God. wliote name be exalted I* 

" tl halh been told m* alio, O King, among tlie itoTie* of llie artiliee of 
women, that a woman'i hiKband gave tier a piece of (ilver to buy mm* rice, and 
•bo lunk it of him and went with it to the rie»-draler, wlto gave her the rie e, and 
brgmi In juke wiili lier and cgle lier; and he uid to her. Rice is no* »w*iH unl*M 
with lUjiar; and inhnu driicc it, come in. So ihc woman dent into hk ihop, and 
lie taid to hit >lave. Weigh for her a dirhera'i worth of ii(|^r. And he gave him 
H wink ; whereupon tlie iluve look the houdkerchief from the woman, and, lisving 
emptied il of tliK rice, put in (he place of it diut; and iiutead of tugar, lie put 
■tones ; after wliirli, hr lied the handkeTrhi«f, and left it b; her. Therefore when 
the woman went forth from him, *h« took her haiidkerdikf and deported to her 
abode, thinking that what wai in her handkerchief waa tk« mdni^ai; and oo arriv- 
ing at licr abode, ihe put tlie handkerchief bcforr hrr limband, who found inildnd 
and (tonei. So whrn ihe brought the eouliinR-put. her hutband laid In her. Did 
we uil thee that we hail aught to build, thot ihou liosl bruught uj iliiM nnd ilDne>!t 
And on her teeing this, nliv knew that (he ctHve of tlie dealer hud cheated hn; 
and having bronghl tha eooklng-pnl in her hand, ulic Mid to her huibaiid, U niun. 
in conu(]uence of the trouble of mini) llinl lintli b«riiUen nir, I went to bring the 
eierc and hroUKht (he coaking-poL Iler hutlMnd inid (o her, And what halh 
trouhted thy mind! And ihe omwered him. O man, the piece of ailver that I had 
wilti ine dropped from me in the market, and I wni luliHiiied before the pwjile to 
•eareh for it, and it wa« not a light matter (u me tlial the piece of ulrer ahould go 
from me; wberefore I eoilectrd the diiiit from the place where It fell, ond de*l(»d 
to (ill it; and 1 wai going to bring the lievc and brought (he cooking-pot. Then 
*hc went and bioiighl (he liere, and gave it to her husband, aayitig tn hini. Sift 
tbou il; for thy light it more clear than mine. So the Tnnii a.it lifting tlie <luit 
until hi* face and hii beard wcro covereil with ji, and he pi^rcrivcd not her artifice, 
and diacovered »nl llinl which had happened to her." 

On the fuiu'lh day, (he Damivl again preaenti heratlf to tlie King, and relateo 
an iniianee of the pcilidy of men-I 

A King of former timei had an onl}' ion, whom he cantmcttd in marriage to 
the daughter of another KJng. But the damiel, who wai endowed with grMl 
beauty, hod a counn trim had tought her in marriage, and had been rejected; 
wherefore he lent great preiciili to the Wezeer of (he King Jint nwntionod, 
TVquMtiug him (o employ lume ittnlogem by which to dcitroy bi> raattcr'* mq, or 



• Ntljr van oeeailoa«l b; ertoU u triAinn u iliat hen nliM han tmtn mnmon ansaf lh« 
Anta U> iIh pnwnl daj. Two IrdiH In Lnier l^iit.caDtd But anil llulin, uiit tn la ijTU. 
cnlM K*T< Hid Ttimn. h«rc rendefrd IfLcrntctm prat •((■till by uvti mn. 

I SnllMHNii^iialtW tb*r«ilaCpi(t Ill«in nol. li. 

1 Tb* Oni paninpli of ihit •11H7 ii htn nnuMmiUlf ibiUccd ; tb* ml, tht li(U>- 




I* ladnct Um lo rvtlnqululi the iluiiivl; tnd the W«i«er ronirntcd. Tli«n ili« 
ftAv of the damxet >cnt 1« tW King'* «(iii, inviting him to come nnd introduce 
hioMdf to hu daiighttr, lo Inlc li<>r aa hJK wifi* ; niul tlie fntlmr of ()i« young iiMin 
Mnl Um with the tfcochcmui V/cxeti, ntl^iidod liy a thomnnd lioracmcn, nnd pro- 
fiiM with rich |>mrnti. And when ihcy were proceeding over (he dcanrt, the 
Wewcr nmeoibiTrFd that there wi» irnui unlo Ihem > spring of water, cnlled Et- 
Zakra,* and whotoevcr drunk of it, if he wrrc a nutn, Im become a woman, lie 
Aerelbrc ordered the troopi to alishl near it, and indnci'd thu IViiice lo go thither 
with him ; and when Iticy arrived >l that t;irlng, th« King's sun dinmouDtnl Ironi 
hia waner, and waflied hi* hnndi. and drank ; und la, he hacanie n woruun ; 
•rhnwnpon he ened oul and wept until lie ruinitd. The WcMcr nikcd him ivliui 
bad befallen him ; lO the yning man iiiforiiit'd hiiti ; and on hvaririg hii word*, the 
WetMT affected to be grieved fur him, and w«pt. Tliv King's mm then lenl tlie 
WetMr tack 111 hia fathor, lo infomk him of thin event, dtlermining not to pruceed 
nor 10 return until bli affliction should be removed from him, or until he ghould 

Uc rcmaiacd by that fountain during a p«riod of lliree dnyi with (heir nljthti, 
ndlhrr eatiaf nor drinking; and on t1i« fourlli night there cumu to hitn a horse 
maa vitli a crown upon hu head, a]>|>earirig like one of llio tvm uf the King*, and 
Ibi* h«fwinan Mid to him. Who brnughl thee, O young man, unlo thia place t So 
A* young man told him hi* story : and when ihe honcmon heard il, he pilled him, 
■ad oaid la him, The VTcxr^r of ihy father a the penon who lialh thrown thee into 
tU* calaailj ; fov no one of mankind knowcth of ihii spring cxcqiting one man. 



• " Ba-Uiin' lifsUlu " Ibc btlKhl.*' " ibt irlindid." Ac. 



16i 



ABSTRACT OP THR STOBY OP THP. KISH AND HIS SON 



Then the lioruniau onleri-il him lo niounl wiUi liiiii. Hr theKforr iiioiuil«li aiid 
tlic tioracinan uui) to )iiii>, Ciiin* with mc to my nlxulc; Tur thou ml my gur*l ihU 
lii|;!it. Tlw joung man ivpliod. Inform mo who tliou *i( before 1 go nllh lli««. 
And the Iionemnn uid, I am ion of a King of liie J4n, and Ihou an Mn of a King 
uf inAnkind : and now be of good beurl and cli«crful eye on account of that which 
thiill diupcl thine nnxiclj- niid thy grief; for it i> uiit« mo oaty. 

So the yiniiig iii&ii [irud'odi'd wllli liim IVom l)i« commMicvinciit of i!ie dny, for- 
Miktiij; Kin tmupx and >o1dieni (niiom the Wencr hod left at their halliojc-plnce), 
and crnied i]>il to (ravel on wilh hh coiiducloi until midiiiglit. wlien the ion of the 
King of the Jinn tnid to him, Kllowe»l lliou whnl njiuw w* have traveraed during 
■hi* |Kriod? The young man nniiBrered him, I know not And itjo iion of Ihe 
King of llie Jinn Buid, We have Iravorsed anpncc of a yrar's journey to him »!io 
Inivellvlh with diligence. Ho the yoiing «nan wondnad thereat, and mki'il, How 
thHll I rcttini U> my family .' The otlicr aiiiwercd, 'lliu u not thine afTnir: it ii my 
nfflijr ; mid wlien thou thult have rccuvered from ihy miifortune, thou ihnlc return 
to thy IJiiiiily in len time than the Iwiukliog of an eye ; fur to uccoinplish ihat will 
be to me easy. And the young man, on hearing llievti wurd« from ihv Jiiint^*, 
almost flew wilh exc^aairc deUghl -. h» ihniight that th« CTont w«a n rrmilt of con- 
fined dreama, und cnid, I'lutullcd he the perfcclion of Kim who is able ta rentore 
the wriiehed, nnd rende* him pnnperouit They ceuaed nol to ptocued iinlil 
■iiuriiing, whi-n (Iiey urrived at u vetdani, bright land, uilb lull iriieH, And warbling 
bii^n, and g»itlen> of turjinniiing benuty. nnd fiiir [lalRcei ; and thereupon the Min 
of llw King of the Jinn ftlightcd from hi« courier, commnnciing the yonng nmn 
also tu diimomit. He (licrefure diimonnled, ond ihe Jiniiee look him by (be linnd. 
and Ihey «ntpn'd one uf iIkhul' |iidiic<>», where ibe young nmn beheld nn exalted 
King nnd a Sullen uf grviit dignity, and he remained with him that day, eutiiig and 
drinking, uulil tlir ii|iprunch uf night. Tlivn thu «on uf the King of lh« Jinn aroiw 
aud monnlvd hi* oouncr, nnd tlic Hon uf the King of men monnl^'d with him, and 
thty went forth and proceeded during the night with diligence until morning ; and 
lo. they citmc Cu a htnck Innd. not inhabited, nbunnding nilh hluek tvcki aud 
tlones, ui though it were a put of llell ; whereupon lliu ton of the King of men 
■aid lo the Jinnee, What ia the appi'Ilaliun uf lliis land? Aud he aiuwered. It ii 
CHlted the Duxky Land,* and hclungvth tu one uf the Kings of the Jiini, whose name 
ia Zu-1-Jen&hcyn:f none oflht^ King* can aCtiick him, nor duth any one enter his 
(erritory imless hy bis pcrmlnlon : so ttop in thy place while I ask hin pcrruinion. 
Accordingly the young man itopped, and the Jinnee wim abuciit from him for n 
«hDe, and then rclunu-d lo him ; and IJiey ceaicd not to proceed until they cams 
to a (pting flowing from black inuunlaius ; when the Jinnee nuid to the young man, 
Alight, lie therefore alighted from hia cuuner, and tlie Jinnee said lo him. Drink 
of thin ipring. And the young man drank of it, and immeillattily became ugoiii 
a mole, as he was at fini, by the power of tiud (vhoie name bo exalted I) { whereat 
he rejoiced with great joy, not to be exceeded. And he »uid to the Jinnco, O my 
hrulher. what is the name of ihis spring/ The Jinnee answered, It ia eallcd the 
Spling of the Women : nu woman driiikelh of it but she heeonielh a man i tiurefurc 
pndaa God and thank Tlim fur thy restoration, Hud mount thy courier. So the 
King* son |>To>trated himself, thanking God, whose nam? be exalted! 



* B-An| (dDahnUL 



I Tbi Two^Winftd. 



AND THE DAMSEL AND THU SEVEN WEZEBRS. 



169 



TiiGii he moTintcd, uid thcf journeyed nilh dill^cnct during ihe tt»t of ibe day 
until they had returned to the laiid of tlmt Jinnee: nnd llic young man jioMCit iiie 
ntghl in hU abudu in the most conirorlnblc mutincr; after wliicli they Btc nnd 
dmik until ihir iivxt iil);lit, wlivii tliv »oa of the King of tlK> Jiiiii >iud lu liim, Dost 
■liou detirr lo rclum to thy fumily thj* nighlf The joun^ mnn uinncrfd, Yvi. 
So the ton of ibe Kinj; of tiie Jinn colled one of Jili latlicr'i ilavef, whoic nunc 
<ru Rlilii, Blid uid to hiin. Take tiiis young mun hence, and curry liim upon tliy 
diouU«r>, vid )at not t)iu iIhwu uvcrtukv Ijiin beforr hu u villi hia falher-iu-Iaw 
arid hi> wife. Tiia ulave replied, I hear nnd olwy, and with feclingi of Iuv( tiiid 
honour will I du tl. Tlicn thii nkve abaentcd hiniaelf from him for a whil<>, nnd 
approached in llie form of nn 'Efrecl ; nnd wlieti (he young man inw him, hi* 
Tcwon fled, and !ie wiu itixpilied ; but the- ion of tlic Kiii); of the Jinn laid to him, 
No bami ahall beFall tJice, Mount tliy courser, and on it ascend upon his shoulden. 
— I1i« young nioii howi;vcr n-plieii, Nuy, I will muuiil aluiir tipuii his shoulders. 
Mid ItiAirv the counrr with Ihvu. Hl' tlicu alighlcd from the coiuier. and mounted 
upon the stave's ahouldeni; and tlio aoii of thv King of lliu Jinn suid lu him, Closo 
thine eyes. So he ctoicd hii eyes; nnd tlie slave flnw with him bi'twecn heaven 
and eurtli, and ceased not lo lly along with hini, while the yomif; man was uncon- 
(clous ; and the lutt third of ihf itighl cnnie nut before lie was on the top of the 
palace of hia falher-in-hiw, whvrvnpou the 'Efreel wiid to him, Alight. He there- 
fore alighted : and he siud to him, Open tliine eye* ; for thi« it (be palace uf thy 




166 ABSTRACT OF THE STOKY Of TDK KING AND MIS SON. Ire 

bllicr-iii'kw anil hit daugblcr. Tlirn lie left him and dcpsTUd. And oi toou u 
ih* day ahoiip, nnd tin? nlnrm of ilie young man lubiided, he dvtcrnded from Ihe 
roof uf the palace ; and when his fatlicr-iii'liiw bvhcid him, )ia row tu him and met 
hiin, wundvring at teeitig him deitcend fruiii the tup of tliv pulucv, and hv taid to 
him, Wit »rii utlmr men roini; tliruu^h the door* ; but tliuu cumMt down Iroin tlie 
«ky. Thv yuuiig nijin rej)llvd, Wbiit Oud (wliom' ]>errec(iuii bo exlollvd, and whotK 
iinmtt bo exulted i) deiiired liHtli huppeiml. And wh«n lh# nun roiw, hia fothsr^in- 
law ordered hi« Vi'rtvvr to iirepiire gre«l hnnqudlx, and iJie w«dd<ng wa* c*le- 
brat«d; the young mnn remained there two monthi, and then de(Hirt«t with hii 
wife to the city of his fntliei. Kut oi to llie couiin of the duniel, be perished by 
rtami of hla jviiIouBy and envy. 

Nest, the Foiirtli Wetcer rcUles a nlory of a balh-lceepor and lii« wife and a 
young man : hut thii. muil he pamed over. lie then tclla a (lory of which ihc fal- 
lowing; is ■ rery brief ubittncl : — 

A young and beautiful and virtuoiui wife wni corrupted by nn old woman, and 
Mnt her to bring a young man who was cnamotirod uf her. But the uld woman, 
being uiiablv lu find tht> lover nl lh*> tiiiip appointed, brought Mother iiian, whom 
>h«' kntiw not, and thin linppcned to he the dninael') hntband, who hail been on a 
journey. She conducted him into the laloon. and when the wife cumc in, and her 
eye feU upon her huili^nd. ahe ijuickly bad reruune to a itrntngcm. Pulling olT 
her IfhiifT* from her foot, iihe anid lu bvr buibniid. Not lima it our mutual vow 
olwervrd ! How ii it tbut thou deecivesi me, and acleit with me in thjt manner! 
When I benrd of ihine nrrivnl I tried thee by nieons of thia old woman, nnd I have 
cauacd tliec to foil into that againal which I cautioned ibee, and hove certiliedmy- 
letf of thy oondnct, and that thou bnal violaivd the vow (hat was between me and 
lliee. Brrure now I imagined that tbou waat chuale, unlit 1 beheld ihee with mine 
eyt with thit old womai), and foimd that thou frcij urn teal womi<n of had eharacler. 
— Then ahc bej^n to heal him with the khulF upon hia head, while ho declared him- 
teir to he iniiucent uf tbi' oflVtii'c, ond twore to her that be had never deceived her 
during the eoiirac of hia life. IJiit the still beat liini, and wept and cried out, 
aaying, Cumc to me, Mnallmt! So he held her mnikth with hia hand, and aha 
bit It; and be humbled himielf to her, kiising her hands and lier feeL And after 
*hc hftd continued tome time lunger slapping him, she mode n upi to t)ic old tro- 
mon that >!ie should withhold her hand from him. The old woman therefore eamc 
to her, and pinereiird to kias her handa and her (vei until aha made tliein both sit 
down ; when llic hnihand kisied the uld woman'* hand, and tidd to lier, May God 
recumpente llipi' with vvvrytliing guud, for Iby liuTing delivered mc from her! 
And th« old woman wondered at tin- artiiice of the wife. 

On the ftrUi day, the Dum«el cornea In lo the King with a cup of poison in ber 
hand, thresleninjt to destroy liersclf with it if he gratify not her tevenga; and she 
relates n story of which an abridgement is lure inserted. 

A mUiin ainoruuB goldsmith saw upon a wall of n chamber in the house of a 
friend a picliitv of a moat beautiful damtpl, and wa* sniitteii by it wilb lo violent a 
psMltm that he fiiU tick nnd woi nt Ihe point at denlnicliuii. But lenniinj; that the 
domacl of wiioni it was a portrait was a Mnging-gli'l bcluiigiiig to one uf tlie Wc- 
atwrs, vti was in the city of KashinecT, he encouraged hlmaelf, and journeyed 



' Se«ilMllniDel4B>ili<f«t Dfpveaiiln vsliiDMlL 




tluth«r, (V>j(n Pi>r»i«, mher* lie reridcd. On liU nrrivnl tlicre, lie inc|nircd of a pcr- 
fuxntr mpccling tbc chamctin' of tht King, atid woj inforrnvil tlint hr nu a jtiat 
memareh, faa^iig nothing in llw world excepting piicliaiiter*, >mi tliat cvcty 
mchftntar or tnchflntrcM vlio fell Inio hia hand ho cmtl luln a pit outiide the city, 
and Wn to die of hungrr. Then ihr |,'oldimith quciiionpd ih« pprrtiiiiet' reiipecting 
ihe Kins'i Wrwen; uid tW Inttpr li>f"rriifd him of the chnraclrr of cnfli Weiaer 
oatilhf infntioiiedthetinglnK-eirl, nndhe tnld him ihnt Bh« wm with luch a Wcieer. 
So lh« goldtniilh waitrd after that lomc dnyi, (ill h«- hnd contrived a stmtagcmi 
and daring • night of ruin and lliiiiidn u[id ^tonny «indj, \\* took with hiia « huiid 
of n>bb<n, and rrpxir^d lo thr miuiMon of ihw Wpirer who niu the nwn«r of the 
dunscl. Hf allnclitd m ladder with fp-n]>pling-iruTiit, niiil awi'nded to lhi> TiHif of 
tb« paUcff, and thence he deicended into its court, where he hclivld nit Ihe femola 
dtTM ilMpinf , Mch upon her runcli : and ho saw n enudi nC nUhriHler, whereon 
«■■ a daaitel like the full tiioou. \lt HpproHched her, and seated liiinsidl' nl her 
head, and r«iniivcd iIik covniiij; rconi her. It iviu n covering of gold uMlT; and 
al hn liaad wo* n enndic, and at her feet a candle, each in a condlraticit of brillianl 
goU, and thci* two condiei were of ambeigrii ; and Iwncnlli (lie ciuhioil Irai a box 
of nlrtr, containing all her oruument<, cuvered, and placed at lier head. And 
lh«r«upon he took forth a knife, and itiiirk her upon the hip, making n inanlftst 
wound. So the daniael awoke in terror ; hut when nho mw him, ilie feared lo cry 
out; ahcrcfomhe woa tilenl, imagining that he deiircd to take the orii amenta. 
She then laid to him. Take the bnx and what i« in it. The ■toiighlcr of me uill 
not proRt the« ; and 1 lhrt>w inytrlf upon thy ptotectlon and thy generosity I — Tlie 
mtm llwrribrc took the box with it* content!, and di-parlcd. 

And on the fotlowing morning lie took the hoi in which were the nrnamenla, 
•ad, going in willi it lo the King of tlie city, kiieed tfae tTuuiid before liiin, and 



168 



AOSTRACT op the story op the Klsa AND Ills SOK 



mU to hkn, O Kiitf, I an a nan who vooU fliw llw* good eoum*!. I am of ilie 
countrj «f KIiuriltAii, and h*«« eon* ■ ntagtu nslo ihy nu^Miy, «n account 
or ill* (unw or 111)' piod qoalitin Hid ibjr Justice to thy mkjt^ta: wh*r*fur# I 
dlalml to be unilcr thy baniMf . I Miind at tliii cily at Ac cIom of the day, and 
Ibund tbe itale ctootd : h> I ilppt outadc il i aod while 1 mat brIirreQ tlcvpiog and 
waking, la, I nv four wanm, one «t Ihaiti lidinf opoa a broom,' and one of i)ivm 
riding upon a (an. I thetttorv know, O Kinjt, thai tbcy were enchafitrtMc* who 
would enter thy city: andancafiiitmdrewaoia'toine. andktcktdineitithher fuot, 
■nd heat mc with the tail at a fint thai wia in her hand, and pained ine : to pamon 
•Fixed me bjr ratten of the Unw, and 1 alnich her with a kniSc llul via with ine, 
wmuiding her hip, «• *bc tumed bcr back in ffigfat And wbER t vmindcd her, 
aha led away bebro hk. and then Ml Iran bcr ihia box with il> notents ; and I 
look it and cfiened it, wherropou I taw in it thaM pcoeiOB* or na m w ita. ThiTrrure 
lake tlion it ; Tut I have no need of it, ai I am ■ wandmr abont the motintainii, 
and have rtjeded the woiM from my heart, md fonakan il with what it con- 
taiiMth, aeeki&g to behold Uw lace ef God, wlwae name be exalted i—lVfl bo left 
llie bos befon the Kinj^ md d«|Mffted; md when he had gone Torlli, the King 
opened the box, and, haraig taken out all tl>c orsankmt* from it, tiegnti lu 
iiini iliein iivcr, uiid found anouf Oiwns « ne^Uaeo wbkli be had bestowed ujwn 
the Wexcor, the matter of the damacl. So the King lummOQed (be Wezecr ; and 
when he came before him, he aoid lo hint, Tim ii llie ueckloce that I prcaeiitcd to 
tUcc. And 01 uKiu a* the Wexoei uw it, he knew it, aod tuiid tu the Kinj{, Via; 
and I pTcacnIcd It in a ninging-girl in my abode. The Kin); thrrcfore wld tuhlin, 
firing; to me tlie dnmicl immediately. And he broajiht her ; nnd when iha came 
before the King, he said lo her muter, Uncover hei liip, and >ec if there be 
a wound upon it, or not. Accordingly the Weirrr uncovered it, biiil saw upon it 
kwound inllicted by u kliift ^ an In- laid Ui tin- King, Yi'a, O my brd: there i( a 
wound upon it. -Vnd ihi^ King thereupon wid to the Wczccr, Tlilt i* an onohonl- 
rou, 01 the devotee lold inc, without doubL Then he goi'c orden lo put her Into 
the pit of the enchonlcn ; and they *eut her tliitlier ihiit day. 

Therefore when llie uight csme, and tfae goldamith knew (hat his >tralagem wa* 
accompti«hrd, lie wvoi to the j^uird of the pil, hnving in hi* hand a putte couliuuiiig 
a thnuMnd |iieeo* if gold ; and he lal vilh the guard convening until the expiration 
of the fiml third of thi' night, when he inid to him, Know, O my brother, that thiu 
dumicl il innocent of thii ciinie which they have Inid lo lier charge, and it woi I 
who cuuicd her lo fait into the calamity. And he related to him the ilory from 
beguiling to end ; uftiT wliicli he wid lo liiiii, O niy brother, Take (hii pune ; far 
In it are a thunannd piece* of gold ; and glvi:' ine the dHniiel, that I may journey 
witli lier to my country ; for ihvte piccea of gold will be ninm proiilnblfi In thee 
than tlie impriionmcnl of llie dniotel. Obtain our recompense, and wc both will 
offer prayeni in thy favour for proipcrily and Mfe^. — And when he heard hi« 
words he wondered exlrrnicly ut thix Ktraingvm and lla aocoinpliihineuL He tben 
took the purse with iti content*, and left the dnniMl to hini, binding him not to 



■ Ib •■MiHoriliia liars ■■ Ac Aitoiic Juumtl ())■>. voL in. p. in\ oalf ena veoun U no- 
UmmA, ak* !• Htd IS ban puMd ibioujtti ilie pilitiiDil)''* loom •■ li* ilcpl. i wnJ « • iltrt tiM. 
bcb tHdiBI D( Ui* pauv •txni a rgiloui tfmnwTil t( Caittm (nil WeiWrii ni|iei>HiJari>. in 
Srotf* traniUdan. hia ar rhu vonwn la ilMOi^Iwd lu mniiTitf d u^mn a hjuliA, JLDVibpr u^ion « mn. « 
OM upnn 1 black bitch. in4 lfi> iDunh upon ■ Imparl. 



jtND TUB OAMSKI. AND THE SEVEN WEZEBRS. 



169 





mnaiii iritli het Jn lilt city a lingli^ hour. So tha 
iroldBinith look her iiiiiui-iliati'ly, iiiiil il'^pnrlvd, mid 
bo joiirn(>y«il uitli diligence iinlil he arrived ui liu 
country, having attiuiird lii> dciirc. 

The Fifth Wczcer then ciilcn, nnd teUtct iho 
folloniii)' ilaiy of " thv Man who iicvn Iniij-hcd 
for tlio tt»i of hi* lifu ;" — 

" TImTO WU « IIIHIl, of tllOtO pUSieMl'd of linilHril 

il liirhi'i, who hnd weallh niid neTvaiila nitil (.Invas 

.ji.l other puHciaioni, and he departed from the 

world to rt^ceive the mwcy of God (wlioae iiirnie 

Iw rxnllrd!), Irnviiig h }-ouiig «oii. And wlieii 

the xon griiw up. hi' l^ink lo caUiig niid drinking, 

and the heating of instnimenU of muijc nnd 

■oDfia, oJid vsu liberal and gave gifti, and rx- 

pciidtd (he richen thai hia father lind left la him 

imlil nil the wenlili had gone. He thpii lidimk 

iiiinielf lo the lalc of the male black ilnvrx and 

the female ilavei and other poasutioiia, and ex- 

pn»d«d M lliKl he liad of hia fiiiher't wraith and other things, ntid became 

XI poor ih*l he u'oikrd with tlii> luboiirer*. In (liia iliitc he remained for a 

pniod of Jtn; and wliiie he woi oitting nn* day boiit^Hth n w.-JI, uailing to aee 

«h0 wcold hire him, lo, a man of comely countenance and appnrel tlr<-w near to 

htm wwl nluled him. So the yotith aaid to Iiim, O uncle. Iioil ihou known me 

before now ! Tliv mail niiKuered him, I have nut known iheo, O my •»». ul all ; 

but 1 ttt (he Imvo* uf affluence upon llifc, though lliou art in thit cundiuon. The 

young man replied, O uncle, what fnle hikI deatiny hove ordained halh come lu 

pw*. But hall thou, O uncle, O comety-faeed, nny biiaincae in which to employ 

meT — And llie man aaid lo him, O aiy aun. I deairc lu employ thee in on eoiy 

ribWBnm. The youtli axkcd, And what ii it. U nndcF And the man an«wer«d 

pUm, I bavc with me len iheykhi in one abode, and wc have no one lo perform 

ottf WMtU. Tliou iholl receive fmm ui, of food and clothing, what will tnflicr thee, 

■nd ibalt >erT« ua, and ihou aholt receive of ua thy portion of benclila oud money. 

Pcriiapa. ^au, God will restore In ihee ihine affluence by our meani, — 'Ilie youth 

Iheraibrc replied, 1 liear and obey. The thcykli llien wld l<> him, F have a coil' 

diljon to impoie upon thee. — And what a thy condition, O uncle! ukcd the 

yotith. He aniwered him. O my >on, it is. thai thou keep our iccnt witli rc«|wcl 

Le the ibiitg* thai ihuu itialt kfu ua do ; and when thuii *p«>l ua ueep, ihal thuu 

hvk w not reaptcilng ilie cauae of our weeping. And tlie young man replied, 

'W(ll,0 uncle. 

"So th* iheykh laid to liirn, my aon, come niili lu, relying oa the Mviuing 
«f God, «ho«c nunc be exalted! And tlic ynung man foltowi'd llic tihcykh until 
ihc taller conducted him to Ihe baih. when he took liini into it, nod caused the 
ilurdeneil dirt (o be remcrved from hii pcnon ; after which ho iciil u man. who 
^bniufikl liini a comely garment of linen, nod he clad him wiih ii, and went wiili 
llilil lo hil abode and hia atiociato. And when the yonnj; man enti*icd, he found 
it to be ■ high mannon, wilh totly nnglei, ample, with chamben facing one 
Mother, and Mioons ; and in each tnloon woi a fountain of water, and binU were 



170 



ABSTRACT OF THE STOKT OP THE KIKO AXD HIS SON 



waHiUiig over It, aiid then *ere windowv omlooking, on e*cn- ii>il«, a bratitiful 
ganlfii vithin lliitt ntnRtinn. Tlir >li(!ykh conducted liim inlo one of the chnmbon, 
asd he found ii dcciMiilcd wiili colouri^d mnrblcB, uid fuund ita cdling dccoruled 
■illi ultramarine aiid brilliiiiit guld, tiiid il nu8 ({nrfiT) villi rarp«ta oftilk ; and Ii« 
foiinil in II tvn iiliojrkli* tilling facing one nnolher, Hearing llin ganii*nt) of mourn* 
ing, weopiiifc and wailing. So the young man wondered ai thdr cue, and tru 
•bmM to i|iie>tjun the ihcykh [who hud brought him]; but he remembered tint 
eondUon, and tlirtvfnra willihvld iiii tongue. Then the slicjkli committed to tiie 
jonng mnn a elicit contnining thirty llioiiuiid pieces of gold, layiiiR to hiiti, O my 
•oil. exjiend upon ut out of thii chett. and upon lliyMlf, ucconling lu what ii ju«t, 
and bp thou fiiillirul, mid luke cfiro of thui whnrcviitli I hnT«nilniM«d ihro. And 
tin young inun replied, I hrnr and oUey. He continued to exjiend upon iht-m for 
• ]Miiiod of dayH and nighli ; aftar which, one of tlicm died ; nherciipou liii com- 
panion) took liim. and wofhed him and ihioiided him, and buried liim in a garden 
behind the maiinion. And di-atli cenied nut tu take of ihcm one al^vr nnulher, 
unlit there remained only ihr alieykh nlio had liir«d t)ie young man : w lio r«- 
IlIailll^d with Ihi' ynting man in tlint mnnrion, and there wa* not wilh tltcm a ihird, 
and they remained thiiii foi a period of yenm. 'Ilicn tlie iheykli fell lick; and 
when ihe youiij; ninn deipnired of hii hfe, he addrcHcd liim with courle*;*. and 
wna grieved for him. nod said to him. O uncle, 1 have >crved you, and not fail*)) 
in yoiit service one hour for a period of Cntelve yeari, but acted faitlifully lo you, 
and icn'ed you according tu my power and ability. The nhrykh replied, Tm, Q 
my Bun, ihou lionl Rrrved us tmlil th«M alit'ykliH tiiivi> been taken unlo God (la 
whom hti lucribed mlglit and glory '.), and sir mual ini'vilnUly dir. And the young 
man iiiid, (> my tnaiter, thou nil in a dale of peril, nnd I dciire of thee thai tliou 
inform mi> uliat bull) been th<- cnuw of your wreping, and the continuance of 
your wwling and your mourning and your lorrov. lie replied, my ion, thou 
hajit no concern with llint, ond require me not to do what I am unable to do ; for 
1 have begged God (whutu name be exalted I) not lu afflict any one with my 
ufflictiun. Sow if thou doirt tu he tafv from that iillu uhich ne liavu fHllrn, op«n 
not thai dooT (and lie pcitnt»d In it with hi* hand, and cnulJoiitil him ngnlniit il) ; 
and if ihou dciir* tliiil whnl bath bcfnlkn ii> ihould hvfnll Ibcc, open it, and Ihou 
nill know llic cause of Ibat which thnn hnti beheld in our conduct ; bul thou will 
repent, when repentance will not avail ibee. — Then Ihc illn<-u Incrcnicd upon the 
ahefkh, ond he died : and Ihc young man wnslied him vrilh hii own hand, and 
Jirwidwl him, and buried liim by hit companiuiiii. 

" H* r(:main«'l in Iboi |iluce, wliicli wilh il" c<mteiilii wsi »e»ltfd ; " but not- 
wilhilanding thin, he wa> uneaiy, rrllecling upon the cunducl of Iho thryklii. And 
■hile lie «a» medilnling one day upon ilic word* of the ibcjkb, and liii charf[e to 
him UDI lo ojH'U the door, it occurred tu hin mind thul be might look at iL So he 
went in Ibai direction, and uparehcd until b* ssw an clcguiit door, over which ihe 
ipidcr had woven its wcbt, and upon it wtro fnur locka of Died ; and whrn tie he- 
held it, he r«meinbered llie nclion againut which the ihcykh bad cautioned him, 
and departed from it. His kouI deiired bini to open the door, and be mlralned it, 
dwing a period of Mveii diiyii ; bul on the eighth day, bii «oul overcame bim, and 
liu aaid, I must op»n tlwt door, and stc what will bnppcii lo m« in couHijuvnce ; 
for notliiiig will nftl whftl tiod (wlioie name be exalted !) dfcr<'Clli and pr»dM- 



• ThM I). Mall now (IDud ts Ita daon. 



AND THE DAUSEL AND THK SEVEN WCEZEftS. 

I eTtnt *ill happni but by hit wjU. Atiemiiiigly he mom and opentd 
Iks door, •Aar bo bid hnilccn Uic locli ; and «h«n he had opened Ibe door, he 
■iw s nMTow {Mwag*. alon^ wfaicb h« walkiid lor the spnce of Uirre hour* ; and la, 
be came fortb apoo the bonk of a (rrral rirtr. At t)ii* t)ic j'Ouiig mnn wundrrrd ; 
and be nlLed ahum t'**' bank, loiAlag ti> the right nni) left ; and hvholil, a gTMil 
«igU iwd dwewidfd from iho Ay. and, taking up the young man vith iu utoot, 
il Sew with Ubb bMwecn hcB*en and rarlb, until it cuuvi-ycd him (o an iilaQd m 
Uie Hiidrt of llie MB. and it threw him dawn U|H>n it, mid df|iart«d from him. 

"So th« yminf man was prrjilrxccl at hincoDc. n»l kiiowb;; vhilKrr lo^o; but 
wbila W vu littiag imc day, la, the nail of a rciicl nppcnrcd to him ii|>oii the ica, 
like the Mar in the «ky ; wherefore the h«ul of the young mim bccume intent 
npen tbc vcuci, in the liefie that hia cac^w might be elTcctvd iu iL llu continued 
hMkiog at it unlll il cam* naat (inl» hun ; and when It arrived, he beheld a iark 
of trarj aad cboay, the oan of vhich were of nitndal-woud ond aioes-wood, mnd tha 
whole of it wai encased with platci of britliimt gold. Tbcri- wrrc nliu iu it tm 
daMwIi^ rirgins. like moona ; and when thr dflnuidti tuw hini, they landed to Man 
Awn iha bark, itnd kimeil hia handH, lutying l» Idiu, Thou ail lite King, tiie brida> 
^tvon. Then ihcre advanced to him a damai'I vtlio wu like the ihining sun in 
Ae dcM iky, having in her hand a kerchief of silk, in whicli were a royal rube, 
■■d a eromrn of gold Kt with varietita of juciuthi ; and, having advanced to htm, 
die dad blm and crowned him ; alter which tlie damarl* carried liiin upon their 
•rma ta llkat bark, and hi' found In U v«rl«li«« at carpet* of nlk of diveni colours. 
Tlwy than (pcead tlic taili, and jirocecded orer the nhyses of the ««.— Now 
what I proceeded with them. >ayi the young miui, 1 fell lurv thai tlii* wna a 
drean^ and knew Dot whiihvr tli«y wvre gvlug h ith ma. .\nd when they cune ill 
(agbtaf tlie land. 1 beheld il filled with truuiis ihe nuuilwr of which none know 
bnt God (wboae perfection be extolled, and vhoM name b« exatleil '.), rind in coiita 
of maiL Tliey brought forward to mo Hie marked horwa,* with uddle* of gold 
*«t with rarielin of pearU and precioni alone) ; and I toiik a horse from among 
llwa*, and inoiiiiWd it Tlic fmir otlicn procecdi'd iviih nie ; and when I mounted, 
the enoigni and baniMTS wer« »vt up over my he>u). the dnimi and ihe cynibnli 
were beattn, aiid tht> trooia diaponed lhem<e1vei in two diriiiflni, right and left. I 
wavered in opinion oi to wlicthef 1 were uleep or awake, and ceaied [iot to ad- 
vaaee, not beliering in the reality of my atately procenaiun, but iinugiiilug that it 
waa a raeult rf coufnud drvani», unlil we came in tight of n verdant meadow, in 
which wcro polaota and garden*, and tree* and riven and lluwcr*. and birds pro- 
dairning the pctfcction of God, ihe One, tlie Oinniputent. And now tVivre cuine 
(ijrlh OR army from among thoic pntacei and gardent, like the tiirrvnt when it 
poarelb down, until it filled that intuduw ; and wliuu the trnnpi drew near ta me, 
they haired ; and In, a King advanced Stom nmnng llicm, riding alone, preceded 
bf aont* <if bi> chief officcn walking. 

"TW King, on approaching the young mun, alighted from hia couner; and 
the yoang man, iceing him do no, allgliled nUu ; and tliey Kihiled each other with 
tha nsMt «nirteou< Hlulatiuii. Tlieu ihi^y niouiit«d Ihvit hone* again, and tlic 
Kiltg aaid b> ill* yoting man, .\ccuinpimy nil for thou art my gucit. So tba 
yoong nan proceeded with him, and they converted together, while the atately 
traina in orderly diapoiition went on before them lu the pajuce of llie Kb^ when 

• llMMi ni*iU4 ea HMBOI of Uuu ncdUnir. ind la ■Ma' ilitir brftd- 



172 



ABSTRACT OP THE STORY OP TMF. KINO AND HIS SOM 



llia^ alifjhled, and all of them mtcred the p«lnce, lagcthcT with (he Kinx am) the 
foiinK mail, lliv J'ouli); man'a hand bring in [hv hand of the Kin;;, who (txTPUpon 
■«at«l )iliii on n thrnlui <if |[ohl| niul apftli^d liiinadf l>y him. Anil wlirn ihr Kiiif; 
rnmoi-ed (he lilhdm* from bin tacr, lo, thi« mtjipourd King wnn ii dnnmel, like the 
•hining mm in llie elmr iky, a Indy of beauty and lovvliiieii, and f leganire nnd 
perfection, nnd coiie^it and nmuruun diBiimulatiuii. 'Hit yuuni; man bt'lii'ld tiut 
afflueucc and KTrnI prtniperlty, nnd wondered al the licnuly and lovclinciu of the 
donwd. Then the danmsl wiid In him, Know, O Kinfc, that 1 am the Queen of 
thia land, and nil thcac irnopa IhnI thon luuC lecn, includinfC every one, urhcllwr of 
cutalry or iiifiintry. ore women : there are not among lliein any men. The men 
among us, in tliin land, lill nnd sow and reap, einpli^in|i Ihemwlves in the ciil- 
tintion of ihv IhiiiI, tiiid the building und n-puiring of th« lowiia, and in attending 
to (lie nifjtirs of the jieoplfl by the pnr«iiil of everj' kind of art and trad* j but n* lo 
the women, they are the governon und ningitlratoi and >uldi*ra, — And th* young 
man wondcrrd at thin extrtmcly. And whitv tb*y were thna converoing, (he WeKccr 
entered; and to, mhe wni a Kiny-hnired old voman, having a numcroua retinue, of 
venemblo nnd digniHed ti|i|iearaiic« ; and Ibe Queen asid (u het, ilring to in the 
Kid«« and the nitneuen. So the old woman went for tlial jiurpoae ; and t!ie 
Quem turned lon-atdi the younjc man, conversbg with him and clieetiiig liim and 
diapelling bis fenr by kind Bordo, nnd, nddtemiing him courtcuuily, a)ie said tu 
bim. Art ihon content for ni« to be thy wife 1 And tliereupHii lie arate and kwaed 
the KTol'l'd biTore her ; but ahc forbade him ; and hn rrpliei^ O my niUtreaa. 1 
am teji t)inn thn airvanti who lorre thee. 8hci ihen aoid to him, Secit tboii not 
(heic lervnnti and loldicr* and wealth and trcoaiires and hoordi ? He ajinwered 
her, Yes. And (be said lu liira. All tbeii^ are at thy disputnl ; thou ahull mukv 
me of tbetn, nnd ^ve nnd benlciw as leenieth fit [o thee. Tlivn ilic puiiiled tu a 
cloaed door, and anid to biiu. All llieie tbingi thou ahalt dlapuae of; but ibia door 
(Imu >1ib11 not opi/n ; for if thou open it, IIkiu will repent, when repentonec will 
not avail Oiec. And ber word* wero not ended when the Weieereh.l (Kth Ihc 
KAdoc and the witncaiieii, unlercd, nnd all of Ibem were old women, with their hair 
■preading over their ahoulden, and of venerable and dignilied appurance ; and 
when llioy eaine before the (jiiven, the ordered llieiii lo pcrforni liie ceremony <it 
the innrTia)(c-conlmRL iin Ihoy married her to the young man ; and the prepared 
(he Imniiui'l) and colleclfd the lmo|>>; and when Ihey had eaten and drunk, the 
young man loi>li her n» hi* wife; nnd he resided with her seven yearn, pauing tha 
most del>i;hlful and mtwl comfortable und moil agreeable and moil aweel life. 

" Uul be nieditaicd one day upon opening Ibr door, and aaid. Were it not that 
there are within it grtaX trenaiirea, belter than what 1 have teen, the bad iiul pro- 
hibited me froin opening it. He then arose and opened llie door ; and lo, williin 
It waa the bird thnt bad carrii'd bim from the >liore uf the great river nnd depoiited 
him upon the ialand ; and when the bird beheld him, it euid to him. No welcome 
to B hce that will never he liappy 1 So when be iww it, and heard Ita wonK he 
fled from it; hnt it followed bim and earried him oif. and Hew with bim lie- 
tween heaveiv and earth for the <]iactf of an liour. and deposited him in the place 
from which it had carried him away ; ntWr which it diauppnued from him. Ue 
thereupon ant in that plsei-, and, reluming to Ilia reavun, he reflected upon what 
ho bad lecTi of Hllbiencr and ^lory and honniir, and lbs ndiiig of the troop* b«fora 



• S** KM* 13 U irhtpid Tl. 



I ■' ir*H(r>ll " tl l]U IMlIHUI* tl •• WOMT.' 



AND TMB nAMSEL AND TUB SEVEN WEZBRRS. 



173 



him, and commmding •nd raibidding ; and tio «ppt nnil walled. Ho rcniM'n«d 
npMi the iborc of the gml livvr, wlii^rc lliat liinl tinil |itit him. for ihc space at 
two manlhi^ wuhing Uiat hn Ril^ht nUrrn to hU wife; hiit whila liti vriis ciiip niglit 
aw*kp, Mounting anil meditatinic. » >p«ikcr ipokc (a.nd he hcnrd hli voin?, but 
taw nol hii pcnon), caJlinjf out. Hour grrat were tlie delif^liu! Fur, far from ihee 
n the rctutn of what ii pnat ! And tiUMr niHiiy ihercrurr will b« the «ght ', — So 
when the young man benni it, hv dotpiiired of ni««tiiig H^iiiii llint IJuecn. and nf 
llir T(>liim III lilin uf Ib« nttltirnce in which he hod been living. Hr then entered 
llie mnnnioli where the iheykhi had resided, and knew ibal they hnd experienced 
■ be tike of that which had happened until biin, Und ihHt this u'lis the cause of their 
weeping ninl tlicir mourning ; wherefore he cxciwed tlieni Ibflreiipoii. (irii-f and 
aiixiely c-ime upuci ibe yuung man, arid he entered hia (Thaiidii>r, and erased not to 
we«|i and moan, rcUniiniahing food and drink and pleomint icent* and laughter 
until be died ; and he wn« buried by the side of the sheyklm."* 

On lh« iQXth day, the Damsel prewiils herself btTore the King with n drawn 
knife in <>er hand. Ihrcuti-ntn^ tu »lsb b^nrtf if he peraiat in apurlng hii ion, and 
lelln a tale of » Kin(.''a noii who wa« enamoured of the wife of a je»b)in nic reliant, 
and CUued hinundf tn be ennreyed into her abode in a chest. Shu shii relates a 
itoty of a alaic who inveigled bis master's wile by pretending tn undei-ntand tliu 
laagn^cc* of birds. Then enters the Sixth Weieer, who tclU two hnmnroti* but 
grou itoriea. Tliu fanner of ihew i» «imlhir to the " Story of the Lndy of Cairo 
and ber Four CJnlli\nt«" in Seolt'a version : in some ri'Bpeela more linmorom, hut 
ill utIiirTV IfM *o, and related in siieh a manner thni t niiiHt omit it. 1'be latter 
diflirr* little, cxceplinj; in its aboniiimbte gtoisiieBK, from n tale fnmjliar to U4 from 
chUdiiDod ; it is the tale of tlie Three Widieii. — On the aeventh daj', ihc l>aitl«vl, 
for the but time, tries the influence of ber tiilcB upon tlie Kinj. Having lighted n 
great firt. and declared to him her detcrini nation to cnut hemelf into it if he ai-enge 
her not HiHin hi" «on. «ho relate* to him three talc* ; but tliey are of little interest, 
and therefore here but ilij-hily noticed. The first ii limilar to the <tory of the 
Maid and the Magpie, 'Ilie wife uf a King, while bathing, left a valtuibic necklace 
un'ler the care of a biily woiniin ; and while the latter was praying, a bird rarried 
off the necklace, and hid it in n creviee in n wall of lli« {utloce. The King aecntt'd 
■he holy woman of the thefi, and torturcil and impHiDned her ; but attcrwardu dift- 
eoeered liis error. — Tlie second tale i» of Iwu pigeons, n male and a female, who 
stuvd np Mime wliiut and hurley in tlicir neil lur tlie days of winter. Uuriug tlie 
tuiDnMr, (lie grain*, drying, appeared Wn in iiiinihrr ; and tlie male bird necuied 
hi* tnata of hating eaten of tliem, and killed ber. In the winter, however. Ihc 
ICnuiM recovered their original nxc, and he wni convineed thai he hud killed her 
UDJunly. and pined away until he died, — The third tale in of n King's dangliler, 
tiaioed Ed-l>«(tna, a daiiiael of iineiinutled beuiiiy, who (like •cvcral lieruincs of 
Anb aad at Europrnn romance*) refused to marry any man that could not ovei^ 
coiu* her in ihiglc combat. Each suitor whom sh« ranquixbed nbe despoiled of 
his horse and anns and apparel, and branded on the farrbeud wiili ihe wurds, Thi* 
ii the freedmnn of Ed-Uetma, A Persian prince, named linhntni, engagvd lier, and 
was un tlic point of OTrrcuming her, when she displayed her lace, and he was so 



■ Tht *()tfBtnir «f ■ farblEMffp dtvr ii an tuctdenl dnerll>til tn rnnaj Arsb t^H- Out t do Dot tt^ 
nmiBlbtt anyiMleOuAtrmmbin ihe slfore k nasrlr ss llul of '* ih* Tilled Itorat llti>dl«nt;''rnpRlliif 



nt 



ABSTRACT OP THB STORY OP THE KINO AKD HIS SON 



Mafuuiidiid by her bcautj, that hi* «ncq;[y roiled hini, oud lie <ru uohonvil and 
branded. But urtetwnrda, by a ilrDlagum. hr iiii-rigti<d her iu her garden, and, 
with her coiiirnt, carried her off. — Add lh(> ri-liiiivii of llivtr (mIcs, ihe Sercnih 
WrxeiT riLtrn. and uarmtft the iiliirj of llie Old Woman nnd the Son of the 
Mcrcluiril, of which thv rullowiiijc i> nn abslinct : — 

Tlic ton of a wtultliy mncliant jourtiejed to Buglidiid, and sclcf led for hii ««- 
dencc a nuij;nificciit nuiuion ; but its dgui^kfrpcr itifarmed him liial erery one vrho 
lodged in it remained there nu more than a wvck, or Ivronteki, and tame not forth 
froniil witfaunt bfiogdllivrsiek itr Atud; in cnn*e((iitnceuf whicb tla monthly r«nt 
WM only (rii pircn* of gold. On hearing ihi*, ihe young man rrfleclfd, and, b«v- 
iiifC fought refuge with God from Sntan the accuned, and diimiued npprcbcniion 
fioiii hia iiiind, he look up bia abode in il, and euid and bought; and some dayi 
paned over hini oilhuut tliur« befalling him onythitig uf tlie kind nienlioned to him 
by (liut dour-ki-opk'r. " Bui aa lis wan aitting one day U the diiur of lliv liuuiw, tli«f« 
paved by him a gray-hoircd old woman, tike the vpecklcd, black and white, MP- 
|>cnt ; she was uttering many cjuculdtions exprciiive of the perfection and bolincM 
of Uod. and removing the tlunes and other liurlfnl tilings ftvm the wuy ; * and, 
Meiiig tlie youlli sitting ut the ilui^r, kIiv liiuLvd at him, and wondered nt liix eaae. 
So lie mid til her, O woitian, doil thnti know nii^, or iloal Iliuii lioiiht of niv, whether 
I be, or hv not, some one whom thoii knowcsl? And wbcn sbc heard hi* wordi, 
she walked ijuivkly up to him. aiid unlutnl biiii, saying lo lum. Hour long bait 
thou bucii nnidiiig In ihia liuuau f Hv unswrrvd hvr, O my invthur, a period of 
two month*. And nil* toid, At thin I wonder ; for I, O my *on, kiii>w tbce not, 
nor doat tbou know me, nor did 1 doubt of thee wUctbcr tliou wcti mnnv on* 
known tu ine or nut; but [ winiiK'red because nu one but thyself inhubllclh ihia 
liouio without tnmirig fotlh from it cithrr dead or »ick ; and 1 doubt nul but tliat 
tlUMi, () my noil, nri Rxpiming thy youth to peril. IIiuI thou uul awended to the 
top of the [lavilion, noi looked from ibc mandbarolif that i> in il ? — Then tliv old 
woman went her way ; utid when she hud partod frum him, the yoiiih mediulcd 
ujion her wurds, nnd laid williiji him«olti I li»vv not a»eendvd lo the ti^ of the 
piivlUon, Hiid know nul that there iaiiiltamandlinrah. And IbcrGupnn be (iitcred 
immediately, and bognn lo tttarch about the corners of the hounc, imiil lie anw in 
a corner of it an cleganl duor, over which Ibe spider bad wo^'cn its webi among 
tlic trees. So wbeii he law il, he said witliiu biiunelf. Probably the spider hnth not 
wovvn its webi over this duur bill beeautu di'iiili in within it But he placed hit 
leliance upon [llieeflicucyuf uttering] the miyiiig of God (who»i' niimebeexulled!), 
tny, Nolliiiig (hull brfall u* but wlint Gud h.tih decreed fur uti-X He then opened 
that door, and ucendcd a flight of cirgani itoin uniil lit eamc lo the lup, when 
he nv a mandbarah, andbeacotcdbimulfiniltuicit and divert himself, and bchdd 
ail elegant, clt'iin uliude, <m the tup of whiuh uiu • tufty miiV'aulf overluokmg ihe 
«)ioU' (i( llnghdnd, mid iti tlinl muk'.id wni n diniiurl like a Hoorvi>y*b. 8he took 
potMntion of liis whole lienrl, and deprived him of bii reason and nnderslanding, 
occuioniug him the malady of Kiyoob, nud the grief of Y>akoob.|| When the 

+ Itui^h 4cl1qiiB Km umimjtlhp cbtaclvtlaUct ofllip plmis. {MsnliiJj ruitc Ir; my klitykh.) 

t '-MkJHjlLB(*h''1ci]tmDiiiiExprvncuncfd "niuii|*ish"JbrfchiKiiEAn.ululDBiijru1h«r uiiUnen, "a 
bclvaliR.* Tin nsiDc U lu* (mcnltf iiTpIli.0 U sii itutiniiiil lui Itie cmiilluii «f aulr il>llc», on 
Ihr (niiuiil'lloor ot t bijiur. bavliiK * wlik. vowdm. crstt4 ulDdav. oi Iwonlmlbwa of ttil* tklnd. cuio- 
fuaillBC * i(>*of ihetaun 

t Km ntni*. Xou 31. pi(> IM. | >n Noi* ID lo Cbipur (ill, 

I Tlie licLneu of Job. and fbe |ri(( sT Jamb Ih Ihc Im* oI JtHyh. 



AND TH£ DAMSEL AND THE SKVBN WKZKBRS. 



I7i5 






youth. tbtreTam, beheld h«r, and 
vievcd her «x««ly. he nid itithiii 
himicif, Prohabljr itie prapk sny 
that DQ one dwvIlAlh in Ihia innii- 
■ion widiMil d}iag or f*i]ii>^ kirk 
on accmint of ihia domul ; nnd 
wouM that 1 kiie* hov mi- dcti- 
Tcnnce ■laj' h« vfltctf d ; for my 
fftaon h&tli d«pnrti-d." 

He lh<rn doaciindtd, nnd veateil 
himiclf B|[ain Bt Ihe door; and In. 
the old *oma» piued by aa bcfoiv. 
So wlwn ih( jnufh «inr hn, h» t<>w 
apon hi* frrt, grrnlrd her tint «il)i 
MdotallMi nod compUnicnti, nnd 
Mid ID her, O my mplhcr. I wni 
in proificrity md health until tliun 
kdrnt^M Die to open the door, atnl 
I hav« teen itiO man^harah niui 
apcmd it, and, looking (Vom it, I 
bclwM what itupilicd me. I imn- 
gtn« nou that I Bin about to pcriili, 
and t kcuw thai (here i* no phy 
•iriaii for ni# exc«ptin^ thee. — Atiil 
«li«n ah* Wan) him, thr laughed. 
&nil r^plird, S'i> hunn tholl br£ill 
Iher. if it be Uic will of Gwl. So 

yonth arDW nnd entered ihc 

Mid brought out to her, in hi* ilecve, a hundred piec«i uf gold, 
«1ii(h Im gave to livr; and >1ie desired him to go to ihe silk-iuHrkel, to in- 
quir« fer tli* »h(i|> of Ahu-I-Fetl) the ion of Keyd&iu <lhe liMabmid uf the 
dainwl]^ and to pnrchRM* of faini iLe iiKiHt b«utiill\il fuce-veil in liiK pOHtp<*inn. 
Accordingly, on the fiillnwing inoriiing, he ]turi'haied the veil, for whieh hn 
gave fifty pieeni of gold, and he relumed h.ippy to hit reijdenee. The old 
woman then c^me tgain, nnd he gnve her ilie veil ; whereupon Jbe took > 
)!«• onal. and btinat with it the fdg« uf the veil ; nflrr wliicli. the folded it up. 
and went «ith it to llic hoiiuft of Abn-l>Fi'i).i. Bring iicqiiitiTiied wlih llie mulher 
af the domwl, *hc obtained adminion by pretending that the dcnrcd to perform 
the ablutian otid to pray ; and while the damKl wo* inadvertent, «hc put the veil 
iind«r a million of the maltreo upon which the hiuhand usually lat, and departed. 
And M the clmc of the day, Ihe merchant r-ame linme. and Kaledhiniwlf upon Ihe 
maitma ; and nfUr he had eaten, he rvelined upcm i)ie eusbinn, and to. the edge 
of ibo teil apprnmt from beneath ii. So when be naw it. he knew it, auil euu' 
ceired an evil nipieion of the damwl He therefore called her, ami ^aid to her. 
Whence came to thee ihU veil t And »he more to him that no man had come to 
te but himctlr: (thereupon he wjw wknl, fearing to be puhliekly ditgraced ; for 
he wBi aMUttoined to lit with the Khaleefeh. Ho chcn uid to the daniieJ, It 
bath been tuld me tliut Ihy mother ia lying aid, from a pain in her heart,* and 




■ Ur» "111 hEi itomafh," 



176 



AUSTHACT OF THE STORY OF THE KIKO AND HIS SON 



Ibat all Iho womon are nrith her, wcop'mg for h«r : to I Amn tbM to go furth lo 
1i«r. Accordingly *hc went to hct mother ; but when >hc cnten-il tht liniiar, tht 
foiin<1 hn mother well ; nnd >ocrti afU-r, ihc pott«n cAine lo her, biin|rin|: nil lier 
ihingm from Ihc merchaul'i buuiv. )Ier iiiotlier ihererorc wked b-M uhnt hod 
happ«rip(] lu li«r ; and ilic (lenir<l having ofiended j nnd tli^ mvllitT xeiil uud 
mourned far (he H-poratioii tj bet daugblcr fmin thai man. 

Then, Kmic day* aiU-t tliia. l)ic old woman came tu the danucl, imd aaKited 
her, exprtMiiig the lunging (be liad feU lo Mr ber n(puii, nud BiLid lu bcr, M'bat i> 
the nwtttT with lliee, O my dmighMr, O my bcloi'ed? 'llioil bn*t dixliirbed my 
Diilid. — And abo wcnl in to the damicl'i mother, and laid t« her, O my aiiil^r, 
whni i( the newi, and wbiil ii the itlory of (he dnmsvl wilb tier biiaband i for it balb 
been luld me thai be lutb divnreed bcr! Wliat {iHtricv Iben batb tliv euitimilted 
ibal rtqiiirvtii all this? — The daniicri mother replied, I'crhapx her liimbiiiid will 
reluTii to Iier by means of the blearing attendant upon tlicc : %a pray for hur, O my 
•ItUr ; for iboii foiual inui-li, und url up all Ihy niRbl [in prayer]. — And after thi>, 
the old vnman repiiircd lu llie yuiiiig ninn, aiid deiired liini lo make ready for tlie 
reception of thi- damiiel. Slie then rciurnvd tu the damm-l'a mother, and laid to 
ber, O my utter, wo ore celabralinji b wcdding-fotlivity : to ttnd iJie doinsi'l ivKh 
nie, lliRt the may divert bcrarlf. and thai her anxiety and gnef may lii^ dispelled : 
tbeii I will bnng her back Ii> tliee oa 1 look ber from thee. Tlin dnniacl'* niulhrr 
therefore nroie. niid elud ber in (be richesl of her ujipurei, adorning liur witb the 
bent of her omanivntu and attire, and the duintel went forth wiih tlio old woman. 
Ker mother went with her lu tlie door, and churged Ibv old woman, uying to Iter, 
Beware of BuH'erinji iiiiy iimn of llie crealun"« uf Guil (wbme iinine be ctAited !) lo 
Bit ber^ for thou kno«e>t ihe itation of her buibnnd wiili ibe Khnleefeb ; and cle~ 
liy not; but return with her im noon as [ujuihlv. So ihv old wuiiiaii tuok her to 
the iFiidfnee of the young miin ; the damsel inin^ining tlint it wim the butue where 
ih* wedding was celebrated; und when the datniel entered the lionic, nnd <nw ilie 
young mun, the wiu amo^ied ut hia beauty, and easily consented lo hi* inking her 
as his wife.* — But she wiu evenltnilly tuken litiek In her mother's liouie, and 
restored tu her fornirr liiiahnnd by nieuns of ii slrntagein coiiltii-Dd by ihe old wo- 
man, and tliti* pnt in pruetice. 

The yoinig ninn repaired to tlie shop of the merchant Abu-1-F«l|i and seated 
himii-lf with him ; and lo, llie old woiti.-iu passed by the shop, having in bw hmid u 
■Iring of heads, with which she wus telling bi-r ejaculations in praise of God ; 
wherFiipon the young man arute and pulled her by her cluthes. and began to revile 
her and abiwe her, while iihe, addieuing him with iMinrtetiy, siu'd to him, O my 
toll, llioii urt rxeuHcd, So the people of the inniket auembli'd urc-tind them, 
laying. What is ilie matter ? And the young man answered, O people, I |iurehawd 
of this merchant a reil fur fifty pieres of gold, and my slave-girl wor.: il for one 
hour, and ul fumigating it ;t "i^d thori' Hew forth ii x|Nirk, which hunied its edge; 
vhereferv w* delli-cred it to this old woman, that the niiglil give it to some one who 
hbould dam it, and return it to us; but from that time wc have never seen her until 
now. The old woman then auid, This yuutb both spokm truth. Yei, I took it of 



< I am pufpDwlr *E>mu'Hhii unblihful lirn lu my orUlnsI -. but trkhoiii nishtDC Ihe Ktoty impro. 
bsblip, or tdeapaliunl with MutUmLiv. llic Aiiiucl may Iw lupLrifKil lu lisw nuicd^ albit ber dltotev, 
a nrinetvnl period locusClclm Itcsllj lo Fsntrul s oeo in>[Il>«c,— See lb> (uuilb pars(npli of Nole 
SB hi Chlplel 1>. 

I TtiU ■• («wnl1)r iliinr Kltb tbs luie* nf alim-wwit plsetd on biirblng ehunal la • (tostt- A tsrji 
sfVfcaUt sesiiE b Ibiu Impulvd lo Um vtlL 



AND THE UAMSKL AND THK SEVEN HEZHBRS. 



177 



Um, •ail trtmt wiili it into one of die liotuc* that I am nccuilomcd to riitcr, and 
Irft it by miitDkc in somf place in one at tliow liuunci ; btil kiiuw iiol nlirra it i*; 
and bting a poor wuninn, I fmicd iU owii«r, Mttil did nut fiicc liini. — So when tlio 
■iCKluuit Alui'Ut'clh licurd lltii, ill^ Iw^getl God'a Tiirgivencss i>f Ins faults and (ii>> 
padoB, and nid to tlic old woman, Uuit tiioii enler our abode f Slie answend him, 
O my teoi, t do Hutcr (him- ubudt, mid tlje sbudes of uthen. fur (he nuke of Blni»( 
Mict ftMn that dny, no one lintli {[ivcn me liitti]gj of the veil. The incrchiint mid 
to her, iloM thou allied any one renpecting it iti oui home 1 She answered, O my 
maakr, I kfiiI to the house njid inquired; hut tlmy mid to me. The inerchaiil liutli 
divatced ibo lady of Ihr liuuse. So 1 returned, and oaked not niiy oiip iifU'i' lliiit 
to tlia pf o anl dny. — And (hrreujion t1it> TnwcliHnl iouked luwuida tlie young ninii, 
■ndaaid lo him, 1^1 lliiaold wuni.'Ui go; fur the veil i» lu my ]icit«ci«iiia. .^iid he 
look it fafib froai the ihop, and gave it to the domer b«forc the people who wcra 
pmrat. Then he nciit lo the d^miel. gave her tome money, und took her again 
■■ hia wife, after lie Imd made ahiitidniit excujci to her, and hegged Uod'« forpvc- 
n««. iMrt knowing shot the old woman had done. 

The uine U'cieer tlien tclU the >tor)*ol' the damsel kept by an 'Efrcel !u a bos, 
neady ai reluEed in the liitruductiun lo thia work ; aiiil (he King tliereujKiu detar- 
nni«a« llul lii* wilt nut kill his *uii. On the ■ighlh day, the King's ion, being no 
loigrr witlilield from apeaklng by tlin forraren danger, goca in to the King, and, 
in mMl eloquent wordii ]>raitea liln father and hi« Wnaccrt and the loidi of hia em- 
pire, and llianka iham. And tiic Kin^ >ay> lo his Weierit, If I hud kilted my ton, 
wmld the crime have been on me or on llie dainiel or on the iniliucior Ei-Sitidi- 
bidr* Uul Ihe pcriunt pmeut are kileiil. .\iid K«-SiiiJibfid sayi to the youth, 
Gtre llie aniwer, U my son. So (hi^ Kinj,-'* aon my, — 

" I hare heard that a gue»t alighted at the house uf u cvrtuin incrchant, who 
iheieupon >«nt hin tlnve-girl tu pureltiuic for him from the mackfl (ome milk in a 
jar. And Hhe took tlic milk in her jnr, dctiring to return lo the liouie of her 
naatcr; but while ilic was ou lier way, there paMcd over her a kite flying with a 
serpen! in its talons, and pmsing it with them ; and there di'up]ied ii drop of puiiori 
ftiim the serjieul into tlie jar. wiiliout Ihv girra kiiuwinf; it. ^o whvn hIi^ came to 
the home, (he iniuilri took fVoin her the milk, and drank of it, he and his guests ;t 
■nd Ihe milk had not leitied in tlieir klomaelis before they all died." 

See then, O King (oddt the youth), wliose was the fault in this ewe. — One of 
llw pvraon* prvirnl rayt, I'hc fault nna on (he part of those who drank the milk. 
ABolhtr wy*, Tlie fault una on the purl ol the daruavl, who left ihv jnr uiieovered. 
Hut Ei-Sindih£d denre* the young man U> give liia npiiiinii, and ilie latter layi, 
ney liai'c ened : the fault was not on tli« part iif the dnnmi'l, nor of tliiT jicopic 
who drank; for the terma of their litea Imd i-xpiied, with their meana of suli- 
nsteiKe, and their death was deetvcd lo be effeclcd by mwuis of that cvcnL— Upon 
Ikia, the person* present wonder extremely at the youth, and declare him to be 
uoc(|ua]Ud in wisdom. lit, liuwevcr, lepliet. that a blind ihcykh, und a boy three 
years old, aitd a boy flee years old, wrrc wi>er ihnn he, us "hewn by three tlorie^ 
which be relniei, 'Ihe first ia this:— 

"Tliero was a eerlain mtrchant, who possessed great tichea, and had travelled 

* FM b^ttaOMd ■wu ttte ntwii sT tutnulwini the r™('> <!"* ">* p«<Uan lit th> immm, tat dsu- 
M aet lo tpaX ^rlni; tba t*T«a cUyi . w the fvuas Rum cmiM nac wttaout dUutc4J<itH. 
ctffUMUmsiir 
t It HiBu ibat tit had larltfd one or mure of bit frimdi u> meet lu> Jim gum. 

toL. III. •! a 



17a ABSTRACT OF THE STOUY OF THE KINO AM) HIS SON 

TRUoh lo all citic*, ftni), denrinfi ngniii to jmirn«y ta n city, lie iiiquirrd of iUhc 
ttlio linil come from it, iui<i »nid lo them, Wlint mtrcliandisp a pwdnrlivc of greal 
Rnill ihcTP r And llicy miswrrrd liiin, Sainldl-woc)d ; for il I* there mlil at a l!»«r 
price. T\\v iiifrolinnt tlierofmr piirdinsfd »niiiln!-«'o(ici willi alt the money ll>nt lie 
liod, and jaiinic)*C(I tn lliat vily. Now whi'ii )iv nrriifd llivrf, it van llic cicsc of 
tbe day; and lu, there waa an old woman driving suinr s\\fe\i brlon^inf^ lo htri 
and on hot *evlng (lip m^rcliant, *lie uniil tn 1i!m, Wlio art tliou, O maul II* 
Hn>«ror*iI lior, I nm ft mcrrlioiil, o inmiccr. And the laid lu liim, Itcnurv of the 
itiliabiUiits of tlip city ; for ilit'y iirw clip«t« and ihicv^t : llwy dciyivc ihc itratiget 
lliut ihcy inny ovcrcxmo htiii and cat wlint he hath Hith him: and 1 liavr I'ii'Mi 
tlieo good advice. Tlieii ihc departed from him. .^iid when ih* iiioriiing roiiif, a 
man of tlii^ iriliHliitiiTil* ol the city met him, and saluti'd him mid laid to liim, 
O my niasKT, whrrici- hasl ilion ciiiiip t H? •ii8Wijr*d him, 1 liavs come from >u<li 
n etiy. And llic mnn aaid. What mcrchandiic haal thou bronKhl ffith thee f lie 
Biiawcred, Sundal-wood ; fnr 1 liarc heard that it i) of value with you. Uiil the 
miui of the city gaid, lie hath rired who Ddrticd lliec lo du lu; for wf liiirn nut bo- 
tiuatb ihv cuokiD^'-jKit aiiuhiri^' but ihnt ^.1ndul■w<>u(l, and lUc vhIiic of iiU wilhus 
ilir »amt< as ihal of cmiitnon flrc-vmid. And whiiii the mcrclianl heard the wurda 
of tliat man, he aiglicd ami Te|irnleil ; tmt wnveri'd helwern hclicrins and diubc- 
lieving. He then alijjhted at one of ihe KhJlni ol ihe eiiy, and made u fire oF naii- 
dal-wuod beneath the cookinR-pnl. So wTieii Ihnt man unw !iim, he said lo him, 
Wilt lliou acll tliis anndal-wciod fur n idi* of whatioever iby aoal ahalt dcHircH 
Tli« mcrcliunl nnawcrpd him, I avll it thee. Tlic man tlivrcfurv rvmovcil dll Ihe 
Mndal-wcoil Ihiit tlic nicri'liitnt liail, mid dcpuniled il in hii owti abod«; and the 
idler pnrpnxed Ui tnki* gobl.J Am! un the fulluwin^ murnin^', llic nicrchimt walked 
in llic cily, nnd lUcrc mpl Uiin n bine-eyed man. of (hu inliabilonl* of tlint eity ; 
lliis man Imd lott one eye, and he laid hnid iijioii the ntertbnnt, anyinj; lo liim. 
Tlioii art tile pcrwii who deprived mo of ( my eye, and I will never let iln-c go. 
So llio merchant denied tliai. and rqdied, I'hia cannot be ettablithed. And 
the people coller.led urnitnd them, and atked llii- unc-«ytd man lo grant th« ntlicr 
a delay until tlie inorioH', when the latter ilinuld (five him the price of Ills eye ; [| 
whcrcfin'e tlie nierchant appointed a person to he hi> fjiinmnlee, and so lliey let 
him go. 'rtten ihc merchant went away; and his shoe oiu rent in contcquencc of 
the dragfjing of the oiic-vycd Tnaii. lie therefore Hupped hI the shop of a cobbler, 
and gnvo il tn him, tuyiiig to him, Kcpair It, and tlinu shall receive of me 
irhat will please thee. He then drparled from him; and lo, there were aoJiie 
people aitliug playing : and he seated himtelf with them, by icaion nf his anvirty 
ond grief, and ihey asked liini lo piny. So he played with them, and they overoainv 
him, and, having done >n. gave him his choice, either to drink up the sca.^ «r clac 

* T^t |U b expltlufU In tb< KimiHm.u Inking trjua] rn hiu Titiuldi. HrliTnudd hplng ■ poui^cF *nit 
Dnn iMnl i snA mon ftniplr. Il !■ cij>lnLiLcil *» l)*^iiti f*-!!' tlT»« lUc mirtau™ uf n mvti tKi> liMiiln ot 
i)nUrmi7 ilir. Afmldlng lom)- >lic>kli. >l i» aliuul Ihc laii-j nfhii, jun uf luc tnlcUb u[ Ctliu; anil 
miHcsurniljf nn matty equsl lo t!» EjiKliib [linu uii ivu ililiili. II i> tbi nwnun implortil in 
Biciinit oiiti anil «li>( ihlngi trtulml d; Ihe 1i« lu Ik alxn u ■iuii, ftc. 

t In the orlflniJ II U nia, - WIU Ihou hII iliii Kmaslwoinl. Nrh ft* (ui *bu Utf loul ihiU dt- 
■livl*' — Bui Lhi* b vrjontnufljr viprrvinl: lh» nglii imiDnc li *lirvin an*r 

I IUk ■gain l> MO tint iu Uit orlcliut ohicli vldi, " rquii In qiianiltj u «lui Iho \nijti Inok :" 
■•iuil)>. tht wnoil. 

I Uienllr. - 4«>lrgjT>i ." bui ihl> Kuuimai ID mi labi a1 tirianc* anh iht •sfad, 

I Hh Unit II lu Cluplfr *. 

1 TlirwDi4hr»midenit "tni''alH>linlnn"(lu^rlTrt. " 



AND THB DAMSKl. AND THK SF.VP.N WBZKF.KS. 



179 



' 



to dlibarn lb* ttlinlt^ of Iiin wi-altVi ; wlicrciipnu ha am»e niiil uud In them, Allow 
me a ie\af iintil tn-mormtv. 

" He went usay, giicrcd fur thul u'iitcli he )iud tJoni^, uii<I nut llliowilig wlint 
noiild bf the rvtiili uf hii cam. So he sal in u [ilncr. mvdiuiiin^, tunnvvfiil, 
iDKioui ; mid lo, ihv uM wuinui) |ini>9i<il liy liiin, oni), luukiiig luirnnU hlni, hhc 
luid to hlin, PriilmWy thi; [irnpU uf ihc city hnvn ovcrconin tlice; for 1 »pp ihcc 
ttixioiia tin nrcoinit of that which hnth bcfulkn ihcc. He ihefpforc iflnted to lux 
all that had happened IVom fini lu ln>t ; ami ihe mid to him. Who U liu who* halh 
cheairrf tb«(- iit Ihv KfTiiror thv MiiiitHl-wiKHl; (or wiili um tlu-raliw uf every |iiiuiid 
of Modal-woml Ja ten piitcr* nf gold! lint 1 will conlrivc f>ir the? n jilnn, by 
iiiMn* «r wliich I hope thy ctclivcrnnce may hi? rffl-ctcd ; and it ii thii : llint ihou 
fo lownrdj tuch d g>l«; Tor in lliut plnce is n blind shcjkii, v/lio is ileprifcd uf the 
me of l)u legt> and he 'a witir, luiowiii|f, >dd, ikitlul. All the jivoplc visit hiiiii 
■akiiig lilm rr*pvclhig wliat lb<'y will, und lif jiuiiilrlh out lu tht-iii whut wili he 
nAtiiMc for ihrm ; for he in afrqiiainlcd with nrlificr and cii el inn I in cut and 
trickiiiK- He in a iharpcr, and the iharpen meet nl hi> nhodn hy ni;;UL 'I'hcrrrarc 
(foihouthiihcr, and hide liijsdf fromlhincoiletiders, •" that Ihoumajert hear llipir 
words uiid they may nut irv thee i for he will iic(|uniiit tlit^m with the ease in 
which one ovrrromi^tli and that in which unrt is oi'vcconie. Pruhahly tlitni wilt 
hiai from him tlic inciilion of a tubteifiige thai may deliver thee finui ihliic 

" So the merchant departed from her to the place of which >hc had told Uiin, 
aod hid hiiiuclf. He then looked nt tli« sheykh, and scaled himiclf ii<ai iiiilo 
him ; Hid lliota hul not r1n|iced mure ihtiii a khurt time when ihire came hi> |>aily, 
who rtwrtcj to him ti* their judge. Oii th<ii coining before Ihv *hrykh, ihey 
iduicd tiim and each other, iind Healed ihi'iimelvrn nroond him; and n-hi'n llio 
merebant law tlicfli. ho found hii four oti'ciidcni among tiic number of thoic who 
were preteiit. Tlie ahcykli cniised loiue food to he placed hcfore tlivin. and lliey 
ate 1 hUrr which, each of them related Lis tiory of the evetils llmt hnd happened to 
him during the pMt duy. The buyer of the suiiilal-woud udvuiieed, and jiifornicd 
iho theykh k>r that which hnd happened to him that day ; that be hnd hnnght aan- 
dal'WOod of a man for Im than iti value ; and ihat the sale had been leltlid 
bctwecD tbenn on the condilion of his fjivinj* llie measure ol' a ^AA of H'hatnoever 
Ihr kriler should deiire. (.'pun this the abeykli Kuid to hiin, 'Hime udveiaury hulli 
oTvieooie thee. Tlio man aikcd, How can he overcome me? 'I'hc thoykh leptied, 
If be uy to thee, I ivill lake the mcaniTc in gold or lilvcr^wllt lliou gxxc h him? 
The muD nid, Ye*, I will give it him, and 1 ihnll be the gainer. ISut the ihcykH 
rejoined, And if he laj to lliee, I w-itl lake the ineaRiirt- of a if&li of fleas, half 
male* und half femalv* — what will Ibuu du ! Sn the man knew ihut lia was ovet^ 
come. — Then the nne-cycd man advanced, and >ald, O aheykh, I low to-day 
N blue eyed man,t who U a utrangrr to Ihv country, and I HHiiailed hlni and laid 
hold upon him, uying to him. Thou liut deprived me of my eye — and I let him 



" I htrv na/t "mm ilhft-ll«dh«*" InjitfiKl of "mlhn hiillm." vhlrh <1idii]e1 bp mxdptrd "(All tlilk 
htl3x muIlRlI finin lilm wi.o ." 

f Hr itKr^h hb rtrnuTliTA, In a Eiinnfliibl noLir, lljol the imr^^r^ in4n Ithfpirttriui riftcrltinJi 4Pil 
hr buoOdfA, iiiit A'h^a iyia^ ii« iu|i[«tfrO lu Kavc b«p bLuC'r^rd, i'lH Ihtt Ihlt tuppnBjnnn itnni unt 
ttrtatj- I Uilnk. hovf vpr. rhjil \n rrniline wIiaI TfllWwt in Ihfi 1«ii h* mqy hutt 4l1rrvd lLi« cipLiiInn, 
■Il4acglcelt4 M rsrrcti hin iiou; tor ix i^rnma rhal rltv mir-ofcd lunn iirofrrrfil 4f«ln>t Iftc vliivi ilir 
lctiM|v*lh]ivlnir htoUii hl< vyc 4nd|iiii \x ui liia uwn \\ma. 




not go iintit a pnrly lincl becomo giinrinCeei thnl hr tlioiild return to mo still 
Biliefy me toi niy rye. But lli« aliejkb r«|>tird. If he Retire lo ovotcomg llivp, lie 
vill uvercume ihee. — And how, «iiid tlic inui, will ha do w I Hr antwered, He 
may *iiy lu ilivc, Ptill i<iit tliinc rye, nnd 1 will pull oiit my <yr, nnd vr. vill weigh 
ejirli of [Ix'iii ; iiiiii If my eye be ccjuol in wcigiiC lo thmc, thou ait v»rodou< 
in ihnt which thou huit nucrled. Then ihou wilt ow« hini the liiie fen hi> eye, 
and lliuu will be blind; bul lie will «v(^ willi hi> other aye, — So the man knew that 
the mvrrhsul might overcome him by iii^ajia of thii tiiblerfuiiv. — Next, the cobbler 
advancrd, miA »aiil, O theykh, I uiw to-diy a mun nliu gave mr his shoe, nnd 
■aid to me, Repnir it. Wh^ronpon 1 anid lo him, Witt thou not give am the re- 
niiineTKlion ! And he anaweri^d me. Repair it, nnd thmi thnlt receive of me what 
will pleuc thee. Now uoUiihk will plcnse nie but nil hia wcnlih.— The ihrykh 
however replied. If he deiiie tu lake hia aboc from ihee and not give ihec unght, 
he may take it. — And hun n>l auid ihc cobbler. The aheykh nniwered, He may 
■ay lo ihee, The enemies of llie Sulldu are defeated, nnd hi* opponenta liave be- 
come weak, and hi« childceii nnd hit nnxilimiea are nuilllplied. Art tlion pleased 
or not! — If thou tay, I am picnied, — he will lake hla thoe fVom thee nnd depnri : 
and if tlinii tay. No — he will take hia ehoe and bent nitli it thy fnee nnd the linck 
of thy neck.* — He therefoiv knew thnt he wai ovi-rcome. — Then ndeuneed tlic man 
who played with the merchant for r wager, and he aaid, O aheykh, I found * man. 



* Oownl inrtliy !• * ncccuar)' mull of Iki ronililnllnn of Uu>lini aoricl)-, ani! Manlld la Ibr 
iiiliaeiiin of Uailim fiovamminr i far ihf Uuthm lynk^i !■ aot abtolutc -. he c«nniiE ba « dnv*^ : ir 
be tiwtoffnH rttttlo limit*, pmrTHwd by lli« Kur-An and (ha Tradilloiii of Ihc Pnphirr. iit- litrifiu 
hli ttmut^ rnnd u I.tiig M9 h9 Impt wllhfn IhnH llmlli, hit aabjHli iLtr bounfi, ]>y itE thM Ihry hold 
■■fT«4, la ajknavrlrddr and nulnlmln bla authnrlly. 



ABSTRACT OF THR STORT OP THB KIKC9 AKD HIS SON, tn. IJJl 



I 



■nd laid a wn|[*T with him anil oi-nrarac lum : wlicrtvpon I (nid to him. If thou 
drink up tliii >M. I wiU give up (li*^ uhulp uf my wealtli lu tlivt< ; nnd iriliuu diink 
it nM, gh* tlioii up the whole of tliy wphIiIi iii me.*— The nhrykh wjiliinl, IT h* 
dwba 10 mwrcomo lh«*, hr m»y ovciconir ihcf. Tho mnn >al<). Anil hnw mi? 
And the ihc]kh nmwrrcci, lie mny loj' lo ihcc, Hold for inc ihc niciulh of the ni-ii 
with thj hand, and hand it lu nic, and I will driiik il. And thou nilt not be able: 
Mt be will overcome thtc by niMna of ihiii aubterfiigc, 

" Wlirii the nierctinni thercfOTe heard ihHi,liekn(ff nliateiibttrnigMtonxpIo; 
■gnJn«t hia iitF^nilerH. Then ilt«y nro** and letl the theykli. and llie inerchant de- 
pnried lo hi* lodging. And when the inorning; nrrivfid, the man who lind Uld the 
bet with htm raiiir In hiin." Thl^ nincliant propoaed to him whnt ihe thrykh lind 
■aid, and t)ie niiui rrlcoicd Iiiniicif by pnying him n liundrcd phcet of gold. Then 
came tlic cobbler; and the mnchant look hia Ehoc witliout giving remunerution. 
Next came the uDF-cytd man; and li« woa obliged lo conciliate the nierchxnt hj 
giring him a hundreil piece* of gtild. f.nJilly ram» the hiiyer of llie laiidal-wood ; f 
ud itiia nuui ath> woa conipnltcd to relcaie hiin«lf by paying the morrhnni a 
hundnd jiiccca of gold, and returning Ihe nood. The merchant then lold ihc 
nodal-wood >i Iw deatrcd, received it* prire,. aiid journeyed back lo liiit own 

The tal# Tolating to the hay thrrn ytnn old ii tinworthy of trnnalalioTi. The 
alher Inilancc of prccocioiu intelligmcc ii thui relnicd: — 

" Foiu niaivhanU were ■harere in a nuiii of ii ihoiiannd piecea of gold, which 
ihej had mixed tog«lher, and put into one piir«e ; «nd ihey wciil with it to pur- 
chaaf m«Tc})andiie, and, Anding in ihcir wny a bcniilirnl garden, they enl«ed it, 
•nd kft Ihr purse with a woman wlio wiu Ihc keeper of lliat gurdcn. Having en- 
ured, they diverted themiclvci in a tract of the garden, and ul« nrid drank 
and were happy ; and one of tlieiii mid, I have with me lame |>ert\ime. Come, let 
V* vstli OUT heada wiih thin rnniiing water; and pcrl^imc ourselvea. — Another 
tatd, We want a comb. And another >aid, Wc will ask the keeper: perhapn fi\» 
kalh with brr a eomb. And upon this one of them arose and went to Ihc keeper, 
■■d laid lo her, Give me the purse. She replied, Wlieii ye ail present yoiinelves, 
or iky OOMpanleina order nm to give it thee. Now hia companions were in a 
place where the keeper could lee them, and she could hear their words. And the 
man laid lo hii coinpaniulln. She i« nut willing tu giie me aught. So ihey aaid lo 
her. Give him. Atid when ihe heard their worda, >hr gave him the purae; and he 
vent fcirlli fleeing tVoiii them. Therefore when he had wearied ihein by the letiglli 
of hia ahaanc*, they came to the keeper, aud laid to her, Wherefore didit ihou not 
give him the comb ! And ahe replied, Hi' demanded uf intr nothing but the purae, 
and 1 ga,re it not lo him aavo with yniir perniia'ion. and he hulh departed hence 
aad gone liii wny. And when they heard llie wordi of the keeper, ihry tlapped 
ihctr bcca, and acixed her with their hand*, inying to her, We gave thee not pcr- 
nlailea MTO lo give the comb. She replied. He did not mention to me a comb. 
AbiI lh«y aniud ber and took her up lo Ihe Klidee i and when Ihey pmeiitcd 



> aanplar asaai*"" Ibc r«iiIllioti thai (hi loiei ahill iId vliii ihe talnerahtll aAervaMa 
dOBntHi wh eoiiiulnf la 1h* modifaiien ot Oie oilier, Tlia pdidij ii g«n>n1l|' loniDihliii rlOI- 
Tiilaaa, 

f Ho* Ii (Doihtr rrret In ihtetlrlniil, innllur Id thi flm ihii I linvepo[nieiI out In ihlt (1017. It 
ti aatf ilui ibc baj*t had 4fTt*<4 lo irlvir, Cut vafli fU -tt itnrinrv'HUi, a *aX at tompitilni; the. u ftiltl 
m alltrf , 



188 ABSTRACT OP THE STORY OF THE KINO AND HIS SON, *f, 

ihcmnftlvn Wforv him, lliey lUiri) to liim iho ciuoi wheroupon he baund ih* 
k«cp«r to miorc Uic punc, and bound a number of bcr debtor* to be MMwertble 
(ar her. 

" So she «rt>iit furlli perplexed, tiot knowing hvr way ; and thvre in«t her a hay, 
whow agv w«H rtveyciim; und «hvn I hi' boy *nwh«r, iluin jurpleMpd, hf raltl liihfr, 
Whnt i> ihp moltcr, O my molhor f Bui iihc rrtumcd him not nn nniwer, dcipininf; 
him on uccoutit uf the mnalhicsi af hia Ugf. Aild lie trpcutrd hii queiliun lu licr n 
linl Slid u secuiid Hiid ii third Irini-." So at length >he tuld liiin what hnd imppvnrd 
lo hiif. '■ And till! Ikij' wi<t Ui her, Oivo mo a [nrce of •Qirer that I may Uiiy "iiiiie 
tirtrtinent Hiih it, and 1 will t«ll thee *om«thing by which thine uviiiutlaiioci may 
be cflvcted. The keeper therefore gave him ■ picec of dlvrr, luking liim, What 
halt thou to uyT And the boy nniwcred her, Itelum to the Kddce, and iny to 
him, It wai agr«nl hi-luct!n lut^ ond them that ( thuiild not gite tlieiii tlie pur«* 
■avo in tho prewnco of .ill the four. So the kei-pvr ruinrtied lo lhi< Kidve, 
and laid lo bjm aa the boy hnd (nld heir; upon nhich ihv KAili'd m-Ul to the Ilirre 
men, Wm it (hua aflreed between you and hnr? Tlicy nniwcrfd, Vci.. And the 
Kidec laid to them, ilKnR to me yoni companion nnd tnkc tlic puric. TJiua the 
koppvr wttnt fortli tne, no injury befalling her; and ilie went her way."* 

The KingV ton i« thrii highly applauded by all present, and embraced and 
kieard by liis father, who deiirei him to decide upon the pmiinhnienl of tlie Dnmnel ; 
to kill lier, or lo do what nUt he may chooM with ber. Tba young man rt^liH, 
" Banlxh hct trom the city." 

* *' It UalQfrulBt 0P4u^ that (hIi fiuT I* ciJilaf thr AKunifT'^^atnl Xoy. Ea (he rclun oT Jvuffh 
If. rHBMRhanU w* ha** frulin. tnd tol t Kuanlliii af > (arilen * kH|W[ of «i Inn, mid Ibc llnli 
bar. I™ n*" aid, li tho lairjmi. iniUnn Kit, bcalnnlnf hii Jcarnnl litioun. anil moFh idtancrd In 
nputalion, It la Hlil. )i> thM hut- ■< mir <" VT "<•> <« Tor. wi] we htvt no hlfhcT nulhaiKf for it 
Ibaa a roLlKllori c^ uivcdaU* J liul ll U vomnltilnfi lotnA II iHut wandcTlliE — atvIIiie an ownrf to Tai 
fnm iunaiivc lul)." rAiiallc Jiminai. N.S. lol. iii, p. IM.) 




I ItlTlH 



^"^ 



CHAPTER XXII. 



COHHENCINO WITH PART OF TUB SIX IIIJNDRED AND SIXTH NIGHT, 
AND BNDINO WITU PABT OF THE HIX HUNDHBO AND TWENTY- 
FOURTH. 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



A MKRCKANT, whose name was 'Oinar, had It-fl Usiie consisting 
of tliree soiis ; one of wdom was named SiUijn, and the youngest 
was named Joodar,' ond tlic middle one was named Sclocm. Uc 
reared them until they hcoimc men ; but he loved Joochir moru 
lluui hix two brcithera; and when it hecaiiic niiinift-t>t tliat he so 
li>v«d JtKxIar, Ji-aliiu.Hy seized thciii, and they halted Joudar, and it 
[iras erident to their father that they hated their brother. Now 
their father vrm of great age, and he feared that, wlieii lie died, 
Jotxtar would iniffer trouble friim bis brothers: so lie jiummoned 
several pcrtonn of [its Eaniily, and some of tlie Kadee's dividers of 



184 



Tin; STOHY OF JOODAH. 



property, aud sonic uf the men of scivncc, and xuid. Bring y<; lu me 
□ly weftlUi and my ntuirs. Accordingly Uiey brouglit to him all 
the weallli and the sluf& ; and he said, O men, dividu this wealth 
and tlicse stufTii into four portions confonnably to thi' Inw. Tlicy 
tliCTcforc divided the proptTlyj nml he gitve to each son a portion, 
iind himself took a portion, saying, ThiM wa* my properly, and I 
liave divided it among them, and tliere remaineth not to them aught 
to claim »f me, nor aught for one to claim of another : so when I 
die, discord will not ensue among them ; for I liavc divided among 
them tlic inheritance during my life, and this property that 1 myself 
have taken shall be for my wife, the mother of these children, that 
she may have recourite to it for her subsistence.' 

Then, after a short period, their fatJier died. But neither ot 
the two envious brothers was content with that which liieir fjitiier 
'Omar had done : on ilie contrary, they demanded more of Joodar, 
and siud to htm, 'lliu wctilth of our father is in thy possession. He 
therefore referred his case with tliem to the judges, and the Mus- 
lims who were present at the time of the diviaion came and testified 
of that which they knew, and tlic judge forbade their injuring one 
another ; but Joodar lost a considerable sum of money, and his 
brothers lost in like manner, hy reason of the litigation ;' and they 
left lum a while. I'hen they plotted against him a second time, and 
he referred his case witli them to the judges ; so tlicy lost a consi- 
demblc sum of money again, on account of the judgeit. And they 
censed not to seek his Imnn, appeiiling from Ijranl to tyrant, they 
losing and he lating, until tliey had given all llicir wealth as food to 
the tyrants, and the three became paupers. The two brothers of 
Joodar then came to their mother, and, mocking her, took her 
money, and beat her and turned her out. Slu^ tlicrefore came to 
her Mm Joodiir, and said to him. Thy two hrotliers liiive done untu 
me tltus and thus, and taken my money. And she began to curse 
them ; whereupon Joodar said to her, O my mother, do not curse 
them ; for God will rc(|uitc cuch of them for his conduct. But, O 
my mother, 1 have become poor, and my two brothers arc poor, and 
contention occajdonelh the loss of money. I have contended vrith 
them much before the judges, and it profited us not at all: on the 
contrary, we have lost all that our lather left us, and the people 
have defamed us on account of otir giving testimony [one against 



batkafAMtoJ 



•- ill I -'■ 



I 4n nnw acn^Bt owteiM win bmr. Hrf 
mAt/aigml nBKklfe^iktMMI 
df sollKwilk ae, mJ tkc cnW <krbiwd 
tmAm. IW Ikon ftr Me, uid God «il 
aai «f tkf sabostewv: «ad do tkon Inve 
ftan God ibe reeBRpeoae of tbnr vondoct, 
1 ikr ajiif «f tke poet : — 

» 4i^ Imw Um. Mta tMk Ibt Uw tlw if «M. 



I 



Ak 



— Aai he jmrnntitd to aootli tlic mind of lus notlMT until ^ 

B» Acs f oc ii red for hinadf > net, and he used to ^ to l)i« 
rmr nd the Uus, and to evm* pUc« in which wss water : cm; 
da; he mm lo eoBie phoe ; aad be euned one dav t«a, uid our 
da; twco^, mi one day lUr^ [mufii],* which he vxpcndod tt|KHi 
fak Bocber. md be ate weU and divnk wclL But his twv brathert 
■cidttr worked nor sold nor bought ; nun luid dntnictioa Mid 
omtaldif akaiitT cnund tbcir abode, and the^- had consumed 
wiial lbc7 had taken from their mother, and become of the number 
at the wretched paupers, and naked. So sometimes Ihey vmuld 
cone to their mother, humblini; thcmsclrrs to her excesmvcly, and 
jwfplaiwitiy to her of thcii hunger ; and, the motherV heart being 
coupunanatc, she would give them some stinking bread ; and if 
■oy food cooked tbe day before were there, sdte would say to tbcm, 
Eat it quickly, and go before your brother coweth ; for it will not 
be agreeable to him, and it will harden bis heart agmiiut nic, and ye 
win disgrace me with him. Wliervfure tliey wmild eat in iuute and 
go. Bui they came in to iheir mollier one day, and she put for tliem 
•one cooked meat and some bread, which they pToceedrd to eat ; 
and lo, their brother Joodar entered. So his mother was abaslird 
and confounded at the sight of him, fearing that he would be 
incensed agaiost her, and site hung <lonn her head towards tbe 
ground in her abashment at her son. He, however, smiled in their 
bees, and said. Welcome, O my brothers! It is a blessed day. 
What hath happened that ye have raited mc on iKia blessed day ? 
(Ob. lit. i ■ 



I 

I 
I 



186 



THK STORY OF JOODAR. 



— And lie cuibracvd them, and loved them, and suid. It wtia not my 
wish that ye ithotild leave me desolate, and not come to me, nor 
visit me nor your mother. Tlicy therefore replied, By Allah, O our 
brother, we longed to sec tticc, nnd nothing hindered us but abash- 
ment in consequence of what liuth happened between us and tliee ; 
but wo have repented greatly. This vraa the doing of the I><-vii 
(may God — whose name be exalted ! — execrate him !); and we have 
no hlesunf^ excepting tliee and our mother. — Joodar rejoined, I have 
no blessing excepting you two. And his motbcc said to bim, O my 
son, may God whiten tliy face,' and may God increase thy pros- 
perity! Thou art tlic superior [in generosity'], O my son. — He 
tlicii sHid, Wuleome to you both ! Keside wilb me ; for God is 
bountiful, and good things with me are plentiful. — He became 
reconciled to tlicni, and they passed the night with him, and supped 
with him, nnd on the following day they breakfasted with him ; after 
whicli, Juodur took up the net, and went fortli relying upon Provi- 
deiu:e. His two brothers also wont, and were absent until noon, 
wIk-ii they returned ; uiid tlicir mother put before them the dinner ; 
and in the evening their brother came, bringing meat and vegetables. 
In this state they continued for a period of a monilt ; Joodar catch- 
ing lish and selling them, and expending their price upon his mother 
and his brothers, and the latter eating and frolicking. 

Now it ha])pened one day that Joodar took the net to the river, 
and east it, and drew it, and it came up empty ; and he east it a 
second time, and it came up empty. He therefore said within him- 
self. There are no fish in this place. Then he removed to another 
place, and there cast the net ; hut again it came up empty. And 
be removed to another place, and ceased not to change his place 
from inonnng to evening ; but caught not a single mimiow.* So lie 
said. Wonderful ! Arc the fish exhausted from tlie river, ot what 
is the cause! — He then put the net upon his back, and returned 
grieved and vexed, sulTering nnxivly for his two broUicrs and his 
mother, and not knowing wherewith to give them to .sup. And he 
came to an oven, and saw ibe people crowding to take the bread, 
with money in their hands, and the baker was not looking towards 
thcni. Upon ihis, he stopped and sighed ; and the baker said to 
bim, Wrk'onic to thoe, O Joodar ! Dost thou want bread ? — And 
he was silent; but the baker said to him. If thou have not with 




thee inonc}', uJic what will suffice thcc, and llioti shall have « dcldv. 
So Joodor said, Give mc bread for ten niisfs. The bnkiT replied. 
Take these ten nuitfn t><-flid<!!i, and to-morrow bring mc fi»h for the 
twenty. And Joodar said, On the head and ihc eye. He therefore 
took the bread and the ten nusls, and bought with these some mcnt 
and vegetables, saj-ing, To-morrow the Liird will dispel the trouble 
of my eaw:. He went to his abode, aiid his mother eooked the 
food, and he supped and slept ; and on the following <lay, he look 
tJic net. His mother said to him, Kcmain and breakfast. But he 
Kplietl, Breakfast thou with my two brothers. And he repaired to 
the river, an<l cast the net in it a first lime, and a sc^cond, and a 
third, and dianged his place ; and he ceased not to do thus until 
the time of afternoon- prayers ; but nothing fell to his lot; where- 
fore lie t<wk up the net, and went away vexed. Now his way was 
none other than that which led by the baker; and when Joodar 
come to him, the baker saw him, and counted out to hiui the brttad 
and the money, saying to him, Come, take and go. If there U no- 



188 



THE STORY OP JOODAIl. 



d 



tiling to-day there will be to-morrow. — And Joodnr desired bt 
excuse himself to him j but the l>iikcr said to him, Oo. Ko excuse 
is neccssarj'. Iladst thou caught nnything, it had been with thee ; 
and when I saw tlice cnipt}'-linnde<l, 1 knew th.it nothing bad hctidcd 
thee ; and tf to-morrow iiutliing b<-tidc thee, come, tjike bread, niid be 
not abashed. Thou sbalt have a delav. — Then, on the tliird day, he 
went from lake to lake until the time of afternoon-prayers ; but 
saw not in ihcm aught. So he went to tltc baker, and received 
from him the bread and tlie moncjr. And thus lie continued to do 
for n period of seven diiys. 

He then became straitened in mind, and said to him.ieir, Go 
to-day to the Lake of KAroon.' And when be had arrivc4l Uiercr 
he was about to cast the net, and was not aware of it when there 
iip]>roiic}ipd him a Maghrabbe" riding upon n mule, and wearing 
a magnificent dreo, and on the back of tlie niule wan a pair of 
embroidered saddle -baiifs, and everything that was on the mule was 
embroidered, 'flic Mnghrabee alighted from the back of the mule, 
and xiiid. Peace be on tJiee, O Joodar, O sou of 'Omar ! So Joodar 
replied, And on tlice be p«u;c, O my master tlie pilgrim !" And 
the Maghrabet- said to him, O Joodar, I have an aBair for tliee to 
perform; and if thou comply with my denin-, thou wilt obtain 
abundant good forlune, and be on account thereof my companion, 
and perform for me my affairs. Joodar tl;erefore said, O my master 
the pilgrim, tell me what is in thy mind, and 1 will obey thcc: I 
have no opposition to shew thee. And the Maghrabec said to him, 
Recite the Fateluili." So he recited it with him. And after tltis. 




THE STORY OF JOODAIt 



189 



the Maghnibec took fortli and gave him a cord of dlk, and said to 
him. Bind my hands behind me, and make my bond very tight; 
then throw nic into the lake, and wait over m« a liltli- ; and if thou 
»cc mc put forth my hands from the water, raiding them liigh, Wforo 
I appear, cast tbuu Uie net upon me, and draw me out quickly ; but 
if tbou !tee me put forth my fci^t, know that I am dead. In this 
case, leave me, and take the mule and the Niuhllii-hd^, and go to 
the market of the merchants:" thou wilt tind a .Itw, whose namo 
iH Shumcy'ah ; and give thou to him the mule, and he will give thee 
a huixlrcd pi«cv« of gold : so tukc them, and conceal the secret, and 
p> thy way. — He therefore bound his hand* tightly b«hin<l luni, tlic 
Maghnibce saying to him. Pull tightly the bonda. Tiien tlic liitlcr 
mid, Push mc until thou shalt have thrown me into the lake. 
Aeo)rdiiigIy he puxhed him, and threw him into it; whereupon he 
sank ; and Joodar stood waiting for him a comtiderahle time ; and 
lo, the feet of the Maghrabce came forth. Therefore Joodar knew 
tliat he was dend, and lie took the mule and lell lum, and went to 
the market of the merchants, whcro he saw the Jew sitting upon a 
chair at the door of the magazine. And when he saw tlie mule, 
tlie Jew said, Verily the man hath perished. Then he said. Nought 
caused hiin to perish s)ivc covetouaiu-ss. Ami he took from him 
the mule, and giive him a hundred pieees of gold, charging him to 
conceal the secret. So Joodar took the pieces of gold, and went, 
and look as much bread as he required of the baker, saying to him, 
Take tins piece of gold. He therefore took it, and caltulnted what 
wa» owing to him, and replied, I have yet to give thee two days' 
bread." Joodar then went from the baker lo the butcher, to whom 
he gave another piece of gold, and he took the meat, saying to 
Uie butcher. Retain the rest of the piece of gold in account. He 
bought also some vegetables, and went ; and he saw his two brothers 
begging of his mother something to vat, and she was saying to 
them. Wait until your brother sIiaU have come ; for I have nothing. 
So he went in to them, and Miid to them. Take, eat. And they 
fell upon the bread like ghools. Then Joodar gave to bis mother 
the rest of the gold, saying. Take, O my mother ; and when my 
bnithen come, give to tlicni, that they may buy and cat during 
my abaence. 

He passed that night, and when he arose in the morning, he 



190 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



tout the ni-t, and went to Uie Lake of Kiirooii, and, stopping there, 
he was about to cast the neL And lo, another Mnghrabee ap- 
proached, riding upon a mule, and more bedecked than he who had 
died ; and ho had with him a pair of saddle-bat^, in which were 
two little boxe*: in each side of it wcm a little box. And he said, 
Peace be on thee, O Joodar. So Joodar replied. On thee be peace, 

my master the pilj^im 1 And the Maghrabee said, Did tJiore 
come lo thcc yesterday n Mnghrabcc riding upon a mule like this 
mule t Upon this, Joodar feared, and denied, saying, T saw not 
any one — fearing that he would say, Whither is he gone? — and if 
he answered him, He was drowned in the lake — perhaps he might 
say. Thou drownedst him. It was therefore impossible for him to 
do aught save tu deny. The Mnghrnbec then snii) to him, O poor 
man, this was my brother, and he halh gone before me. Joodar 
replied, 1 have no knowledge of him. But the Maghrabee rejoined, 
Didst thou not bind his hands behind him, and throw him into the 
lake, and did he not my to thee, If my linnds come forth, cast upon 
me the net, and draw me out quiekly ; hut if my feet come forth, 

1 shall be dead, and take thou the mule, and give it to the Jew 
Shiuncy'ah, and he will give thcc a hundred pieces of gold? And 
his feet came forth, and thou tookcst the mule, and gavest it to llie 
Jew, and he gave thee Ji huridn^d pieces of gold. — So Joodar said. 
Since thou knowest this, wherefore dost thou ask me i The 
Maghrabee answered, It is my desire that thou do with me as thou 
didst with my brother. And he took forth and gave him a cord of 
silk, saying, Bind my hands behind me, and throw mo in; and if 
the Hkc of that which befell my brother befall me, take the mute, 
and give it to the Jew, and receive from him a htuidred pieces 
of gold. He thei-efore said to him, Advance. Accordingly he 
advanced, and Joo<lar bound his hands behind him, and pushed 
him; whereupon he fell into the lake, and sank; and he waited 
for him a while, and his feet came up. Therefore Joodar said. 
He is gone to perdition ! If it be the will of God, every day 
may Maghrabecs eoine to me, tuid I will bind their Iiands behind 
Utem, and they shall die, and a hundred pieces of gold from each 
one who dicth will sufEee me. — He then took the mule, and went 
away; and when the Jew saw him, he said to him, The other hath 
died ! Joodur replied, May thy head long survive! And the Jew 




said to him. This is the rccoiupcnsc of the covetous. And he took 
the mule from him, and gurc bim n liundrcd pieces of gold. So 
Jowltir took l1ii-in, and repaired tu his mother, uiid gave lliem In 
b«rj whereupon she said to him, O my son, whenee came unto thee 
tbia? He therefore iaforrocd her; and she said to him, Oo not 
■gain henceforth to the Lake of Koroon ; for 1 fear for thcc with 
respect to tin; Maghrabccs. But lie replied, O my mother, 1 
tlitow th«m not in save with tlieir own eonsenl: aud bow shall 1 
Kit Thifl is m trade from which there accrueth to us every day a 
hundred pieces of gold, and I return quickly: so by Allah I will 
not drsist from going to tlio Lnkc of Knroon until all traces of the 
MaghrahccH cease, and not one of them remaineth. 

Then, on tlie third day, he went and stood tlierc ; and lo, there 
came a Msglu-abcc riding upon a mule, and having with him a pair 
of saddlc-hags ; but he was more bedecked than the two former 
otiea; and he said, Pcuce be on thuc, O Joodar, O son of 'Omar! 
So Joodar said withhi himself, Wlience do they all know mcJ 
Then he returned his salutation. And the Miighrabec said, Hare 



192 



THE STORY OP JOODAlt 



uny Maghrabccs passed by this pkcc ? Joodar snsn'erod liim, Two. 
Tlic Miiglirabi;o asked him, Wliithcr went they ? — I bound their 
hands behind tliL-m, atinwi^ri^d .Iitwhir, mid threw iht-m into this 
lak«; K(i tliiry were druwned; nnd tlio aaini.- end in for thee iilsu. 
And the Maghrabcc laughed, and said, O poor man, everj' living 
being hath his destiny. He then nliglitcd from the mule, and said, 

Joodar, do nith me ns thou didst witli both of thvni. And lie 
took furih the cord of silk. So Joodar said to him, Turn round 
thy hands that I may bind them behind thy back; for I am in 
haste, and my time is gone. He therefore turned rouud his hands 
towardji him, and Joodar lied them behind his bock, nnd pushed 
him ; whereupon he fell into the luke, and Juodur Mood wnitJug for 
him. And lo, the Moglirabee put fort)! to him iiis haiiilx, saying 
to him. Cast the net, O pour man ! Aecordiogly he cast Uie net 
over Mm, and drew it; and behold, ho was grasping in llis hands 
two fishes, the colour of wliich was red, like coral ; in each hand a 
fi^i; and he said to Joodar, Open the two little boxes. So he 
opened them for him; and he put in each little box a lish, and 
covered the mouths of tlie boxes over them. Then be pressed 
Joodar to ht» hosont, and kissed him on the right cheek and on the 
left, and said to him, May God deliver thee from every difficulty 1 
By Allah, hadst thou not cast the net over me, and drawn me out, 

1 had not ceased to grasj) these two fishes, submerged in the water, 
until I had died, and I had not been able to come forth from tlic 
water. — And Joodar i!ai<i to him, O my master the ]>ilgrini, I con- 
jure thee by Allah that thou acquuint me witli the iiiloir of tlie two 
who were drowned before, and with tlte truth of the history of 
these two fishes, ajid with the ailEair of the Jew. 

The Maghrabcc tliervfore replied, O Joodar, know that the two 




THE STORY OF JOOOAR. 



VJS 



wbu werr drowned bL-t'ore wuro my broUient. One of thcni wu 
luinei! 'Abd Ks'Sctain, and titc other wan named 'Abd £1-Aliad ; I 
am nained 'Abd Es-Saiuad, and tlie Jerw U our brother ; !iis name 
is 'Abd Er-Ralic«ia : lie is not a Jew. but a Muslim, of tlie Malikee 
iccL" Our father tauf^kt us tbc arts of solving mysteries and 
openii^ hidden tren«urca, and enchantment; and we xtrovc imtil 
the ^lArida of the Jinn, and the 'Efreeta, served us. We were four 
brothers, and the name of our fatlier was "Abd El-Wadood; and 
our fatlicr died, Icaying to us an abundance of things ; whereupon 
VIC diridpd the treasures und richer luid tAliiiiianit until we came to 
the hookj, which al»o we divided. But there eii«uc-d among us a 
dlMenaton respecting a book entitled The Stories of the Ancient«, 
the like of which cxisteth not, nor can any one give its priee, nor 
can its equivalent be made up in jewels ; for in it are given accounts 
of all the hidden treasures, and the solutions of niysterit-s. Our 
father was in the habit of making use of it, nnd we committi-d to 
nieiDory a Uttlo of iu contents, and each of us desired to possess it, 
that he might know what was in it. Now when a dissensiou 
occurred between us, thi^re was present with us our fiilher's slieykh, 
who had rrared liini und taught him enchantiiiont and divination, 
and he was named tlie Diviner EUAbtan ; " and he aaid to lu, 
Bring ye the hook. So we gave him the book ; and he said, Ye 
are tlie suns uf my son, and it is impossible that I should nTong any 
one of you. Then let him who desireth to take this book go and 
strive to accomplish the opening of the treJisiire of Ksh-Shuniurdal," 
■nd bring mc the celestial planisjihere, and thi; kohl-pot, and the 
■Bal-ring, and tlie sword. For the seal-ring haili a Miirid that 
serrclli it, wliose name is Er-Raad EI-KuHif ;" and whoso possL-sseth 
tfai* seal-ring, iteitlier King nor Sultan can prevail against him ; 
and if he desire to poeseBs the earth, in all its length and breadth, 
h« will bo able to do so. And as to the sword, if it be drawn 
against an army, and iU> hc^iirtrr shake it, he will rout the army ; and 
if he say to it, at the time of his shaking it, Slay this army — there 
will proceed from that sword a lightning, which will slay the whole 
army. And as to the celestial planisphere, whoso possessctb it, if 
he desire to behold all tlic countries from the east to the west, ho 
will behold them, and divert himself with viewing thi-m, while 
he ftiltvtli: wiiatwcver quarter ho dcsiretli to see, he will turn the 
fas. ni. 3 c 



194 



THE STORY 01" JOODAR. 



btcv of the plauisphcrc towards it, aud, lookiug iti the pltuiispliere, 
bo will see that quarter and iu inhabitauts, as though all were 
before him. Moreover, if ho be inceDsed ngainst a city, and turn 
the laec of the planisphere towards the sun's disk, desiring to burn 
that city, it will be burnt. And as to the kohl-pot, wltosoovcr 
appHeth kohl from it to his eyes, he will see the treasures of 
the earth. But 1 have a condition to impose upon you : and it is 
this ; that whosoever is unable to open this treasure, he shall not 
have Any claim to tlic book ; mid he who openeth tlii« trcuurv, and 
briiigeth me these four reported tilings, shall be entitled to take 
this book. — And we consented to the condition. 

He then said to us, O my sous, know that the treasure of Esli- 
ShiuuardiU is imder the duniiniun of the sods of the Ked King, and 
your father informed me that he had striven to open thut treasure, 
aud bad not been able ; but tliat the sons of the Red King had fled 
from him to a lake in the laud of Eg>-pt, called the Lake of Karoon, 
where ihcy withstood his aulhoiity ; and he pursued them to Cairo ; 
but could nut prevail against thctrii ou account of their descending 
into tliat lake ; for it was guarded by a lalismau. He then rutunted 
Dvercoinc, and could not open the treasure of Esh-Shamardul by 
reason of tlie sons of the Red King. So when your father waa 
unable to prevail againtit them, he came to me, and complained to 
mc. I therefore made (or him an astrological calculation, and saw 
that this Irvastu'e could not be opened wive by the good forlime of 
a young man of the sons of Cairo, named Joodar the son of 'Omar ; 
for that he would be the nicuns of the seizure of the sons of die 
Red King. Also, that the said young man would bo a fisherman, 
that the meeting with him would be by the Lake of Karoon, and 
thai the charm would not be dissolved unless Joodar should bind 
behind his back tin; hund» of tlie person whose lot it was to aceoin- 
pltsh this, and throw him into the lake ; whereupon he would coo- 
tend with the sous of the Red King; and whosoever should have 
the fortune lo do so would seize the sons of the Red King. But he 
saw that he who should not be forlunalc would peilsh, and his feet 
would appear from the water; and that he who should he safe, his 
hands would appear; and it would be requisite tlml Joodar should 
cast over him the net, and take bira forth from the lake. — Upon 
this, [two of] my brothers said, We will go, though we perish. 



THK STORV OF JOODAR. 



195 



And I said, I will go also. But as to our brother tvliu in in 
ihe garb of a Jew, he said, I have no desire. So we agreed with 
him that he should n-pair to Cairo in the disguise of a Jewish tncr- 
chant, in order lliat if one of us should die in the lake, he might 
receive the mule and lh« Nuldle-hugs from Joodiir, and give him a 
hundred pieces of gold. And when the fu'st came to thee, the »on!i 
of the Red King slew him ; and tliey slew my second brotlier ; but 
ihcy could not prevail agaiDst nic : so I seized them. 

Upon this, Joodnr sjiid. Where arc they whom thou seizcdat? 
The M^hrabee replied, Didst thou not see them ? 1 have impri- 
soned them in the two little boxcs.^ — Joodar said. These are iishes. 
The Maghrabce howercr replied, These are not fishes : verily they 
are 'Efrects in the form of fishes. But, O Joodar, know that tlie 
opening of the tn-osurc cannot be accomplislicd save by thy good 
fortune. Wilt thou then comply with my desire, and go with me 
to the city of Fis and Miknas," niid open the treniiure ? If so, I will 
give thee what thou shalt deaire. Thou hast become my brother by 
a coTcnant before God, and thou shalt return to thy family with a 
COtnfort^-d heart. — Joodar said to him, O my master the pilgrim, I 
have in my charge my mother and my two brothers, and I nin he 
who providcth for them ; and if 1 go with thee, who will give them 
bread to wit? But the Maghrabce replied. This is a vain pretext; 
and if it he on account of the money required for expenses, we will 
give tlice a thouxaiid pieces of g<ild which thou shalt give to thy 
mother tliat slie may expend it until thou tlialt return to thy coun- 
try ; and if thou go away, thou shalt return before four months. 
And when Joodar heard the mention of the thousand pieces of gold, 
he said, Give me, O pilgrim, the thousand pieces of gold, and 1 will 
leave them with my mother, and will go with thee. So tlie Magh- 
rabee took forth and gave him the gold, and he took it and went to 
his mother, and ncquainied her witli that which had happrncd 
between him and the Maghrabce, naying to her. Take tixcsn thou- 
sand pieces of gold, and expend of them upon thyself and upon my 
two brothers, while I journey with the Maghrabce to the west, 
and I shall be absent four moiitli.s and abundant good fortune will 
betide mo : so pray for me, O my mother. She replied, O my son, 
thou wilt render me desolate, and I fear for thee. But he said, 
O my motlier, no hann will befall him whom God preserveth; and 




^^t-J.J-- 



thf Mnghrnbpc is n good man. And he proceedotl lo praise to her 
hi* Kliitr. So nh<! replied, Muy (Sod incline hi* heart to thee ! Go 
with him, O my son, I'c rliaps he will gi\"e thee somethins- 

He therefore bade farewell lo his mother, and went; and when 
he came to the Maffhrabce 'Abd E;>Samad, the Utter sniit to him, 
Hiist lliou consulted thy mother? lie answered, Vm, ami she 
prayed for nie. And the Maghrahee said to him, Mount behind me. 
Sohe^t upon the back of the mule, and they journeyed from noon 
imtil the time of afternoon-prayers, when Joodar was hungry, and 
he saw not with the Mnijhr.nbee anything to be eaten ; wherefore be 
said to him, O my master the pilgi-im, probably thou hast foi^ttcn 
to bring for us anything to ent on the way. Tbe Mnghrabee said, 
Art thou hungry t Jooihir answered, Yes. And upon this the Magh- 
rabee alighted from the mule, with Joodar, and said, Put down the 
pair of saddte-hags. So he put it down. Then the Maghrabcc »iiid 
to him, What thing dost thou dt^sirc, O my brother? Juodar an- 
swered him. Anything. The Magbrabee however replied, I conjure 
thee by Allah that thou tell mc what thing thou desirest. Joodar 



THE STORY (iF JOODAK. 



197 



aaid. Bread aud clieese. But Ute Mn^hnbcv replied, O poor nan, 
brrad and cbe«se are not suitable to Hty condition: therefore de- 
DtiiDd something pood. — In my eaiiination, iiaid Joodar, at this time 
CTcni-thing is good. And the Maghrahee asked him, Dost thou 
like hrnwnrd chickens?" lie answered. Yes. And the Maghrabce 
aaid, Do»t tJiou like rice with honey ? He answered, Yes. And 
tlie Maghrabee said, Dml thou like such a dish, and such a dish ? 
— onti) be had named to him four and twenty different dUhes 
of food. Tlien Joodar &aid within hiniM-lf, Ik he mad ? Whence 
will he bring mc the dishes of food tlint he hath named, wlien 
he hath neither kitehcn nor cook ? But say to him, It is enough. — 
So he snid to him, It ix enough. Dost thou make me desire the 
dishes when 1 shall see nolhing? — The Maj;hrahee however replied, 
Welcome to thee, O Joodar ! And he put his hand into the saddle* 
hag, and look forth a dish of gold containing two browned, hot 
chickens. Then be put his hand a second time, and took forth a 
dish of gold containing kebiib." And he ceased not to take forth 
From the pair of saddle-bags until he had taken forth the four and 
twenty diahes tiiat be bad mentioned, entire and complete ; where- 
ujKHi Joodar waa confounded. He then said to him. Eat, Opoor 
man. And Joodar said, O my master, dost thou put in this pair of 
saddle-bags a kitchen and people to cook ? So the Maghrabee 
laughed, and replied, This is enchanted, having a servant : were we 
to demand every hour « thousand dishes, the servant would bring 
them and make them ready instantly. Joodar therefore said. An 
excellent thing is this pair of naddle-hngs ! Then they ate until 
they were sat irficd, and what remained they threw upon the ground; 
after which the Magbrabec rcjilnced the dishes, empty, in the 
saddle-bags, and, having put in his hand, look forth a ewer ; and 
tlicy drank, and performed the ablution, recited the afternoon- 
prayers, and replaced the ewer in the pair of saddle-hugs. 'I'he 
ilaghrabee then put into them tJie two Uttlo boxes, placed th« 
saddle-bags on the mule, and mounted, saying, Mount, that we 
may journey on. And he said, O Joodjir, knowest thou wlial space 
we have traversed from Cairo unto this place ? Joodar answered 
him, By AlUih, I know not. And the Maghrabce said to him, We 
have traversed a space of a whole month's journey. — And how so ? 
asked Joodar. The Maghrabce answered him, O Joodar, know 
that the mule whicli is beneath us la one of the Marids of the Jinn, 



198 



THE STORY OP JOODAR. 



Uiat will tritvel in a da; a year's journey ; but for thy »akc it pro- 
ceeded leisiiruly, — They then journeyed on until siitwtTt; and when 
they halted in tiie evening, the Maghralxre t<x)k forth from the 
saddle-lwiys the supper; and in the morninij; he took forth the 
breakla&t. Thus they continued to do for a period of four days, 
jounieytiig until midnight, and alighting and sleeping, and pro- 
ceeding in the moniiiig ; an<l all tliat Joodar desired he demanded 
of the Maglirabci-, who produced it to Iiiin from the pair of enddle- 
bagH. And on the fifth day, iliey arrived nt Va» and MikniiM. 

They entered the city ; and when they entered, every one who 
met the Mjighrahei- saluted him and kissed his hand. Thus he pro- 
ceeded until lii^ came U> a door ; whereupon he knocked at it, and 
lo, the door opened, and there appeared from it u damsel like the 
moon, to whom he said, O Rahmeh," O my daughter, open for 
us the pavilion. She replied. On the hend and the eye, O my 
bther. Aud she entered, wriggling hor sides," so that Joodar's 




THE STORY OP JOODAH. 



199 



reAsou fled, and he said. This ia noue oliier tliaii llie daughter of a 
King! Then the damsel opened the pavilion, and the Maghrabec 
took tic pair of saddle-hags froni the back of tlie mule, and said 
to it. Depart: God hlesa thee! And behold, the ground elove 
asunder, and the mule dewcnded, and the ground became again as 
it wna. So Joodiur saud, O Exccllt-nt Protector ! Praise he to 
GucI, who delivered us u])»n itsi back ! — The Maghrubee however 
said. Wonder not, O Joodar ; for I lold thi-e that the mule is an 
'Efreet : hut como up with us into the pa\-ilion. And when they 
entered that pavilion, Joodar was amazed at the abimdance of the 
rich furniture, and at what he beheld in it, of rarities and articles of 
jewcU and minerak; and aftvr they had Heated themselves, the 
Maghrnbce ordered the diiniKel, sjiying to her, O Rahmeh, bring 
■ttcli a wrapper. She therefore arose and brought a wrapper, whieh 
the put down before her father; and he opened it, and toolc forth 
from it a dress worth a thousand pieces of gold, and said. Put it on, 
O Joodar. Welcome to thee !— So he put on the dress, and be- 
came like one of tJie Kings of the We»t ; af^r which the Miighrabeo 
placed the saddle^haga before him, and, having put his hand into 
them, took forth from iheni dishes containing varieties of viands 
tmtil they composed a table of forty different dbhcs, when be said, 
my lord, advuKe and eat, and be not displeased with us. We 
know not what viands thou dcsirest : therefore tell us what thou 
wouldst have, and wc will place it before ihee without delay. — 
Joodar replied, By Altali, O my maater tlie pilgrim, I love all nands, 
and hate not aught: tiien ask roe not respecting anything; but 
bring all that occur to thy mind, and I have nothing to do but to 
caL— Then he resided with him twenty days. Every day the 
&tagbrabcv cliul him with n drews, and the fuud was from the pair of 
saddle-bags; the Maghrabee not buj-ing anything, either of meat 
or bread, nor cooking; but taking forth all that he required Irom 
the saddle-bags, even the different kinds of fruit. 

After this, the Maghrabee, on the one and twentieth day, said, 
O Joodar, arise with us ; for this i.t the day decreed for tiie opening 
of the treasure of Esh-Shamardal. So he arose with him, and they 
walked to the extremity of tlic city. Then they went fortli from it, 
and Joodar mounted a mule, and the Maghrabee mounted a mule, 
and they ceaaed not to journey on until noon, when they came la a 
river of running water. ITtere 'Abd Ea-Samad alighted, and ho 



200 



THt STORY OF JUOUAR. 



s>id, Alight, O Joodar. And hv nliglited ; nnd 'Ab<] E»-Saniad 
*aid, Quick ! — making a aigii with his liand to the two sUvcx [whc 
BOconipauied liim] ; whereupon they look tlie two mules, and each 
stave departed by ouc way, and tlicy were absent a little while ; 
aAcr which, odg of them approached with a tent, which he pitched ; 
and the other approached with a mattress, which he spread !u the 
tent, phiclng around it eiishions and pillows. Then one of them 
went and brought the two hltlc bcixes in which wtre the two fishes; 
and the other brought the pair of saddle>l>aga. Upon this, the 
Maghrahee arose and said, Come, O Joodar. So he cante, and 
seated himself by his side ; and the Maphrabcc took forth &om tlie 
saddle-bags the dishes of viands, and they dined; after M'hich, the 
Mnghrabee took the two little boxes, and rcuted a charm over them, 
whereupon those who were within them began to say, At thy scr- 
rice, O diviner of the world ! Have mercy upon us ! — They prayed 
for help, while he recited his charm over them, until the two little 
boxes burst, and became broken in pieces, the fragmcnta flying 
about, nnd theic appeared from them two beings with their hands 
bound behind them, snying, Quarter ! O diviner of the world ! What 
dost thou desire to do unto us ? — 'He answered, My desire is, either 
to hum you, or thai ye promise me to open the treasure of Eah- 
Shaniiirdal. And they replied. We promise thee, and we will opeJi 
for thee tlie treasure ; but on the condition that thou bring here 
Joodar the fisherman ; for the treasure cannot be opened but by hi« 
good fortune, and no one can enter it excepting Joodar the son of 
'Omar. So he said to them, Him whom ye mention I have brouglit, 
and he is here, hearing you and beholding you. They therefore 
promised him to open the treasure, and he released them. Then be 
look fiirlli a tube, and some tablets of red enrnehon, wliich he placed 
upon tlie tube ; and he took a perfuming- vessel, put in it some char- 
coal, and blew it with a single pufi^ wherewith he kindled it; and, 
liartng made ready the incense, he said, O Joodar, I will recite the 
chaim, and tlirow on the incense, and when I have begun the chami 
I cannot speak ; for the charm would he frustrated ; and 1 desire to 
acquaint thee how thou shall act to ntLiin thy u-isli. So Joodar 
replied. Acquaint me. 

The Mttghrabee therefore said, Know that when I have recited 
the chaim, and thrown on the incense, the water will diy up frotn 
the bed of the river, and there will appear to thee a door of gold, of 



THE STORY OP JOODAR. 



SOI 



th« site of the c'lty-gate, with two rings of metal. Descend to tlie 
door, and knock it lightly, and w:ait a while : then knock a second 
time, with more force than the first time : after tbnt, give three 
knocks without intcnniwioii, ona after another. Tliereunon thou 
will hear a speaker nay, Wlio kiiocketh at llie door of the iroasurea 
and knowctb not how to solve tlie mysteries ? And do ttiou answer, 
I am Joodar the fisherman, the son of 'Omar. Then he will open 
to thee the door; and there will come forth to thee a person with 
a aword in his hand, who will my to thee, If thou he that man, 
stretch forth thy neck that I may smite oS* thy head. And stretch thou 
fi>rth to him thy neck, and fear not ; for when he ruiseth his hand 
with the sword and gmitcth thee, he will fall down before thee, and 
after a while thou wilt see him a hody without a soul, and thou wilt 
not suffer pain from the blow, nor will nught befall thee : but if 
thou oppose him, he will slay thee. — And after that, when thou hast 
annulled his tidiunan by obedience, enter on until thou seeat another 
door, which knock. There will come forth to thee a horseman rid- 
ing upon a horse, and having upon his shoulder a spear, and he will 
say, What hath brought thee into this place, which no one cntereth, 
either of mankind or of the Jinn ? Aad he will shake at thcc the 
ripear: but open to him thy bosom, and he will smite thee, and will 
fall down instantly, and thou wilt see him a body u-ithnut a soul. 
If thou oppose him, however, he will slay thee. — Then enter the 
third door. Tliere will come forth to thco a son of Adam having in 
his hand a bow and arrows, and he will shoot at thee with the bow : 
but open thou to him thy bo!:oni, and tic will smite thcc, iin<l will 
full down before ihce a body without a soul : hut if thou oppose 
him, he will slay thee. — Next enter the fourth door. There will 
come forth to thee a huge lion, who will rush upon thee, opctriing 
his mouth, and shewing thee that he desiretli to devour tlicc : yet fear 
thou not, nor flee from him ; but wlien he Cometh up to thcc, give 
him tliy haiid, and when Ite hiteth at thy hand he will fall doiva 
instantly, and nought will befall thee. — After this, enter the fifth 
door. There will come forth to thcc a black slave, who will siay to 
thcc, Who art thou I Answer him, I am Joodar. And he will say 
to iJiec, If thou be that man, enter the sixth door. — Advance there- 
fore to tliat door, and say, O 'Eesa, tell Moosa to ojicn the door. 
Tlicroupon the door will be opened, and do thou cuter. Thou wilt 



nu III. 



9 o 



202 



THE STORV OF JOOD.VIL 



find two serpents ; one of them on the left, and the other on die 
right. Knch of them will open its mouth, and ilicy will dart upon 
thee instantly : hut stretch tlinti forth tn theni thy two hands, and 
each of them wil! bite at a hand : if thou oppose, however, they will 
kill Uiee.^Then enter on to the seventh door, nnd knock it. [The 
semblance of] thy moilier will come forth to tliee, and will say to 
thee. Welcome, O my son ! Advance, that I may salute thee. — 
But do thou reply, Ki-ep fur from mc, nnd pull off thine uppnreL 
She will lliereupon say In tlice, O my son, I am thy motlier, and I 
have a claim upon thy duty for suckling and rearing thee. How 
then wouldst thou strij) me of my clothing ? — Do thou, however, 
say t« her, If thou pull not off thy clothing, 1 will slay thee. And 
look on thy right side: ihou wilt «ec « sword suspended on the 
wall: HO take it, and draw it upon her, and say to her. Pull oiT. 
Then she will endeavour to beguile thee, and will humble herself 
unto thcc: yet pity her not; but every time tliat she puUcth off to 
thee anything, sny to her. Pull off the rest. And ccosc not to 
threaten her with slauffhier until she pulleth off to thee all that is 
upon her, and fallelh down. — Upon this, the mysterious contrivances 
will have become dissolved, and the talismans annulled, and thou 
will l>e secure. So enter : thou wilt find the gold in heaps within 
the treasury : pay no regard, however, to aiiglit of it : but thou wilt 
see a private ehambcr at the upper end of the Irejwury, with a cur- 
tain DTcr its entrance. Remove the curtain, and tliou wilt see the 
diviner Esh-ShamanliJ lying upon a coneh of gold, having at his 
head something round, shining like the moon ; and it is the celestial 
planisphere. He is also equipped with the sword, hung upon litii 
ude; and upon his finger is a ncul-ring; and upon liis neck is a 
chain, to which i» attached a kohl-jml. Bring therefure the four 
repositcd things; and beware of forgetting aught of the things ttith 
wliicli I have octjuninled thco ; and act not contrary to the direc- 
tions; for llmti would.>t rcpont, and ftiar would he entertained for 
ihcc. — Then he repi^ated to him the chiu^e, a second and a third and 
A fourth time, until he said, I have it in my memory : but who is 
able to face thc«e talismans which thou hast mentioned, and to 
endure these great horrors? The Maghrubec replied, O JoiMlar, 
fear not ; for tliey arc bodies without souls. And he proceeded to 
tranquillize him. So Joodar said, I rely upon <>od. 



J.\\ 



r,^* 

»^;^ 




Tlieii llic Moglirubcc 'Abd E^-Sauiiid threw on tUv incL-nsr, Muj 
continut^d n while reciting the cliunii ; and lo, the water had gone, 
and the bottom of the river appeared, aiid die door of tiie trea«ure. 
Joodnr therefore descended to the duor, and knocked it ; and he 
heard a speaker Kiy, Wlio kiiocketh at l\w door* of th« treasures 
and kiinwetii not how to aolve the niysterieit ? So he answered, I 
am Joodar the son of 'Omar. And upon this, the door opened, and 
the person came forth to hini, and drew tLe sword, saying to Iiiui, 
Stretch forth th; neck. Aceordingly, he xtretched forth his neck, and 
the person smote him, and fell down. In like manner did Joodar 
at the second door, and so on until he had aimulled the taliunanx 
of [six of] tlie seven doors, Then [the semblance of] liis uiotJier 
came forth to him, .-uiying to him, Salutation* to thee, O my soul 
And he said to her as the Maghruhee had dirceled liim ; but after 
she had long remonstrat^^'d with liini, and done nearly all that he 
had commanded lurr, she said to hun, O my »»□, is thy heart stone f 



S04 



THE STORY OF JOODAB. 



Is not this unlawful f — And he replied, Tliou hast spoken truth. 
So wlionhchnd uttered these words, she cried out and said, Hchnth 
ened : thcrefort; bent yc him ! And there fell upon him blows like 
the drops of rnlu : the nervaitts of the treasiiir« assembled around 
him, and they inflicted upon him a beating that he forgot not 
duniig his life ; after wliicli they pushed him, and cut him forth 
outaide the door of the treasure, and tlie doors of the treasure 
became cloi^d ax they were before. So when they cast him outside 
the door, the Mugiirabec took him up instantly, and the wat«n 
flowed M before. Then 'Abd Ks-Samad the Maghrabee recited 
over Joodar a charm, until he recovered from his intoxication, when 
he said to hiiu, Wlut bust tliou done, O poor man ? JuodM thcrr- 
fore told him what had happened; whereupon the Maghrabee 
replied, Did I not say to thee, Act not contrary to the directions? 
Thou bait done ill unto me and to thyself. But now thou must 
remain witli me till the nest year, until tlie like of this day. — 
And h« called out immediately to the two slaves ; who forthwith 
struck the tent and carried it away, and, ntter (hey bad been absent 
B little while, returned with the two mules; and the Maghrabee 
and Joodar each mounted a mule, and they returned to the city of 
Fas. 

Joodar remained with the Maghrabee, eating well and drinking 
well, and every duy the latter clad him in a rich dress, untU the 
year had ended, and that day arrived ; when the Maghrabee said to 
him. This is the appointed day : so repair with us. Joodar replied, 
Well. The Maghrabee therefore took him out»de tlie city, and 



4 




THE STORY OF JOOUAR. 



aoi 



thpy saw the two slaves with the two mules, and rwle until they 
am'n^d al the riyer ; whereupon the two slaves pitched the tent, 
and spread tJic ruruiturc in it) and the Maghrabee took forth the 
table of viands, and they dined. After this, ttie Msghrabcc took 
forth the tube and tlie tablets, as on the first occasion, kindled the 
fire, made ready his incense, and said, O Juudar, I desire to churge 
tbee. He replied, O my master the pilgrim, if I have forgotten the 
bcttting, I may have forgotten the charge. So the Maglirabee said 
toliiro. Dost thou retain the charge in thy memory? He answered, 
Yes. And the Kloghrabee said. Keep thy self- possession, and 
tmAginc not that the woman is thy mother ; for slie is only a talis- 
man in the form of thy mother, and her desire is to make thee err ; 
and if tiie first time thuu Citinest forth alive, tliis time, if thou err. 
they will cast thee forth slain. Ue replied. If I err, I shall deserve 
their burning me. Then the Maghrabee put the incense, and re- 
cited the chann, and the river tlried up. So Joodnr advanced to the 
door and knocked it ; whereupon it opened, and he annulled all the 
taltemana until he came to [the semblance of] his motlier, who stud 
to him. Welcome, O my son ! But he replied, How should I be 
thy son, O accursed? PultolT! — And she endeavoured to beguile 
him ; but be insisted ; and when she had done as he commanded 
her, she became a body without a soul. He therefore entered, and 
saw the gold in heaps, but payed no regard to aught of it. Then 
he c*mc to the private chamber, and beheld the diviner Esh-Sha- 
mardnl lying, having the sword on his side, and the seal-ring upon 
bis finger, an<) the kohl-pot upon his bosom, and he saw tlie celestial 
plaiiisf^erc over his head. So he advanced and loosed the sword, 
and took the seal-iing and the celestial planisphere and llie kohl- 
pot, and went forth ; and lo, a set of musical histruments soimdcd 
in honour of him, and tlio servants [of the treasure] began to call 
out, Maycst thou cnjuy that which thuu hast obtained, C) Juo<lar 1 
The instruments ceased not to sound until he went forth fi-om the 
treasure, aitd came to tlie Maghrabee, who thereupon ceased firom 
the recitation of the charm, and the fumigation, and, rising, pressed 
him to his bosom, and saluted him ; and Joodar gave him the four 
repoaited articles. So the Maghrabee took thero, and called out 
to the two !>ls\'es, who forthwith look the tent, and restored it to its 
place J aficr which they returned with the two mules, and the 



806 THE STORY OF JOODAR. 

Magbnbeo and Joodar mounted them, and entered t]ie city of Faa> 
The Me^hriibi-^ iheti brought the pair of aaddlc-bags. and pro- 
ceeded to take forth from it the dishes containing the various viands 
until a complete tabic was before him, wlien he said, O mj- brother, 
O Joodar, eat. He therefore ate until he was satisfied, and the 
I^f aghrahrc emptied the remains of the viands into other dishca, and 
put back the empty dialies into the saddle-bags. 

Then the Maghrabcp 'Abd Es-Siimad said, C) Jiaidar, thou 
quitledst tliy land and tliy country on our account, and hast 
accomplished our affair ; wherefore thou hast a claim upon us for 
some object of desire; so demand of us what thou wishest; for 
God (whose name be exalted!) givelh thee, add vfe arc [merely] 
the means. UiTqiiire then what thou wilt, and be not abashed, 
•ince thou deserve»t. — He therefore replied, O my master, I de«ire 
of God, and then of llici-, that thou (five ma ihiit pair of saddle- 
bags. And the Maghrabec Kaid [to hix alavcj, llring Uic pair of 
saddle-bags. Accontmgly he brought it; and he aid to Joo<hu-, 
Take it ; for it i» thy due ; and badst thoa desired something else, 
we had given it to thee. But, O poor man, this will not profit tbee 
save in food, and thou hast wearied thyself with us, and we pro- 
mised thee that we would restore thee to thy country with a comforted 
heart ; wherefore thou shah cat from this pair of saddle-hags, and 
we will give thee another pair of aaddh^hag^, full of gold and 
jewels, and liave thee conveyed to tliy country; so thou ahalt 
become a merchant, and clothe thyself and thy family, and not 
stand in need of money for thy expenses. Eat thou and thy family 
from this pair of saddle-bags ; and the mode of acting with it Is 
this : that tliou put forth thy hand into it, and say, Hy the great 
names tlial have influence over thee, O servant of this pair of sad- 
die-bags, bring me such a diidi ! Thereupon he will bring thee 
what thou dcmandest, even if tliou demand every day a thousand 
different dishes of food. — Tlien be caused a idave to come with a 
mule, and filled for Joodar a pair of saddle-bags, one half with gold, 
and the other half with jewels and minerals, and said to him, 
Mount this mule, and the .ilave will walk before thee ; for he will 
Kcquikinl thee with the way undl be conveyelh thee to tJie door of 
Uiy house ; and when thou hast arrived, take the two pairs of 
nddlc-bags, and give him the mule, and be will bring it back. But 



* 




, '^I*p"fj»j4( 







let not any one know thy secret. And nmv we commit thee unto 
God.— So Jowlnr replied, May God iiicrciuie thy prnsperity 1 He 
put the two pain of smldle-bngR upon the back of the mule, and 
mounted ; and the slave walked before him. The mule followed 
the eUve that day, and all the following night ; and on llic second 
day, in the morning, he entered tlie Bab fii-Nnsr," and beheld hi* 
mother sitting and saying, Something for the *ake of God ! So hi» 
reason lied, and, having alighted &om the baek of the nmle, he 
threw himself upon her; and when she saw him, she wept. Then 
he mounted her upon the mule, and walked by her stirrup until he 
arrived at the houHe, when he set down his mother, took the tw9 
pain of saddle-bags, and left the mute to the slave, who took it and 
departed to his master: for llie idave wiis a devil and the uiulv wa» 
a devil. 

But as to Joodar, the fact of hia mother's begging waa grievous 
to him ; and when he entered the house, he said to her, O my 
inother, are my two brolhern well ? She answered, Well- And he 



5rV Of JOODAR. 

A 

sfliil, Wicrefore dost thou beg in the way ? She answered, O my 
son, ill consetincnct! wf my hunger. lie replied, I gave thee, before 
1 departed, a hundred piece* of gold the first day, and a hundred 
pieces of gold the second day, and I gave tliee a thou«tnd pieces of 
gold on the day that I departed. — O my son, she said, they have 
cheated me, and taken them from me, uying, VTo desire to pur- 
chase witli them merchandine. And they took them, and turned 
ine out: so I betook myself to beggii^ in the way, by reason uf the 
violence of my hunger. — He then said, O my mother, no harm shall 
befaU thee now that I bare come : therefore sulfcr no mixiety. This 
is a pair of saddle-bags full of gold and jewels, and good ihingM are 
abundanu — And she replied, O iny sou, thou art fortunate ! May 
God be well pleased with tliee, and increase his favours to thee ! 
Arise, O my son ; bring for us some bread ; for 1 have passed the 
night in violent hunger, without supper. — Upon this, he laughed, 
and said to her. Welcome to thee, O my mother ! Demand then 
whatever thou desirest to cat, and I will present it to thcc imme- 
diately. 1 need not to purchase from Hk market, nor need 1 any 
one to cook. — So she siud, O my son, 1 see not witli tiiec anyUting. 
Ho replied, I have with me, iu the pair of saddle-baga, of every 
kind of viands. And she said, O my son, whatever is ready will 
stay hunger. — Hiou hast spoken trutli, he replied] for when plenty 
is wanting, man is content witli the smallest thing; but when 
plenty is at hand, man dt^hirelli to eat of what is good; and I have 
plenty; therefore demand what tliou desired. And she said to him, 
O my son, some hot bread, and a piece of cheese. But he replied, 
O my mother, this is not suitable to thy condition. So she said to 
him, Tliou knowcst my condition ; wherefore, what is suitable to my 
condition, tliereof g^ivc me to eat. And he sai<l, O my mothct, 
suitable to thy condition are browned meat, and browned chickens, 
and boiled rice with butter and salt and pepper ; and suitable to 
thy condition arc sausages, and stuffed gourds, and stuffed lamb, 
and stuffed ritw of lamb, and kunAfch with broken almon<U and 
haxel-nuta, and honey and sugar, and kataif, and bakliweh." His 
mother therefore thought that he was laughing at her, and making 
jest of her; to she said to him, Yooh ! Yooh 1 '" ^Vhat hath hap- 
pened unto thee ? Dost thou dream, or hast thou become mad ? — 
He asked her. Whence leamcdst tliou that I had become mad ? 



3 



THE STORY OF JOOI>AK. 



ao9 



She ansn-cTi-d hini, Bvcsuac thou mcntionc^t to mc all kinds af 
excelWi ili.«lic« ; imd who can nfford tlicir pnct-, or who knowctb 
how to cook them ? And he replii^d, hy my life, I inuNt givv thee 
to eat of all that I have ineutkmtd to thee, immediately. Shu said, 
I ice not aught. And ho said to her, Bring ine the pair of saddle- 
bags- She tiit^n^fore brought )iim tlic pair of saddlebags, and) 
feeling it, found it to be empty ; and she put it hefon: him. And 
he proceeded to stretch forth his hand and to taki- out filhrd di.tlirs 
until he had produced to her all that he had mentioned. So hiit 
mother said to him, O my son, verily the pair of saddle-bags Is 
small, and it was empty, with nothing in it ; yet thou liust taken 
forth from it all these things : then when- wert- these dishes ? And 
he answered, O niy mother, know that the Maghrabec gave me this 
pair of saddle-bags, and it is enchanted, and hath a servant: if a 
man desire anything, and recite over it the names, and say, O ser- 
vant of this pair of suddle-bogs, bring me such a dish ! — he will 
bring it. Upon this, his mother said to him. Shall I stretch forth 
my hand and demand of him ? He answered. Stretch forth thy 
hand. And she did so, saying, By the names that have influence 
over thee, O servant of this pair of saddle-bngs, bring me stulTed 
riba of lamb ! And she saw that the dish hud come into the bag: 
so she put forth her hand and took it, and found in it delicate 
stuffed rib*. Then she demanded tJie bread, and demanded every- 
thing that »lie desired, of various kinds of viands. And he said to 
her, O my mother, after thou shalt have finished eating, empty the 
rest of the vtimds into other dishes tli^n these, and put back the 
empty dishes into the saddle-bags ; for the charm is on this condi- 
tion : and take care of the pair of saddle-bags. She therefore re- 
moved the pair of saddle-bags, and took vart: of it. And be said to 
her, O my mother, conceal the secret, and keep it ; and whenever 
tliou wantest anything, take it forth from tlic saddle-bags, and give 
alms, and feed my two brothers, whether in my presence or in ray 
absence. 

After this, he began to eat with her, and lo, his two brothers 
carae in to him. The news had been given to them by a man of 
the sons of his quarter, who said to them, Your brother hall) come, 
mounted on a mule, with n slave before him, and wearing a dress of 
which the like exisleth not. So ihey said, one to tlte other, Would 

ML. III. S C 



210 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



tliat W(- had n»t dbtresscKl our mother ! She wQl doubtless ac- 
quaint him with tliat which we have done unto her. Oh, how wc 
shall be disgtaccd by him I — But onv of tlicm said, Our mother ia 
Icndi^r-hi-arted ; and if she iiiftinn him, our brother h more tender- 
lieartt^d than she towards ua ! aiid ivheii wc exeu&e oursoUes to hijn, 
he will accept our excuse. — Then tijey went in to him, and he r«e 
to tlicm upon his foot, and sulutrd them with the best salutAtioii, 
and tiuid to iJiem, Sit and eat. So they M.t and ate; and thi-y were 
weak from hunger; wliyrcfore ihey ceaae<l not to eat until they 
were satiated. And Joodar said to them, O ray brothers, take the 
remainder of the food, and distribute it to the poor and needy. 
Tliey replied, O our brother, leave it that wc may make our 
supper of it. But he said to tlicm. At llie time of nupper there 
will be brought to you more than this. They therefore look forth 
the rest of the viands, and to every poor person who passed by 
tJieni tliey said, Tnkc and eat — until nothing remained. Then they 
took back the <lishes, and Joodar said to his mother. Put Uicm into 
tJie saddlc-bags. — And in the evening, he entered the saloon, and 
look forth from the saddle-bags a table of forty diifereni dishes ; 
lifter which, he went up [into anotlier apartment] ; and when he 
set between his two brothers, he said to bis mother. Bring the 
supper. So wlien nhe entered tin- saloon, she snw the dishes full ; 
and she placed the table, and hruughl the dishes, one after another, 
imti] the forty dishes were all put. They then supped ; and after 
tlie supper, Joodar said, Take ye, and feed the poor and the needy. 
Accordingly they took the re.sl of the viands, and distributed them. 
And after they hud supped, Joodar produced to them sweetmeats j 
of which they ate ; and what remained of them, Joodar told thcin 
to give to the neigliboui-s to cat. On the following day they break- 
&sl«d in the same manner, and lliey ceased not to remain in this 
•late for a period of ten days. 

Then Salim said to Seleem, What is the cause of thi« thing, that 
our brother produccth to us a feast in the morning, and a feast at 
noon, and a feast at sunset, and, at the end of the night, s»-cct- 
meats ; and that everything that remaineth he diatributeih to the 
poor I This is the action of SuItAiis. And whence came to him 
this prosperity f " We never sec him buy anything, nor doth he 
light a fire, nor hath he either kitchen or cook. Shall we not 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



911 



inquire respectin]? these various viands, and respecting these sweet- 
meats? — His brother replied, By Alhih, I know not. But knowest 
thou any one who will ai:({iiiiint lu with the truth of this matter ? 
— None, said SSlim, will acquaint uh excepting our mother. — They 
therefore contrived for themselves r stratagem, and, going in to 
their mother during the absence of their brother, they said, O our 
mother, we ore hungry. So »hc rci>Hed, R<rjoice at good new*. 
And nhe eutere<I the xuloon, dcinnnded of the servant of thtr pair of 
saddle-bags, and brought out to thi-m hot viandi ; whereupon Ihej 
said, O uur mother, this food is hot, and thou hast not cooked, nor 
blown [a fire]. She replied. It is from the pair of saddle-bags. And 
they «iid to her. What is this pair of saddle-bngs ? She answered 
llwm. It IN enchanted, and tlu^ <leniniid is obtiiined by virtue of the 
charm. And she acquainted them with the case, and said to them, 
Conceal the secret. They replied. The secret is concealed, O our 
mother; but teach us the mode of this. She therefore taught 
them ; Mid they proceeded to put forth their hands, and to take 
out the thing that iliey demanded. And tlieir brother had no 
kDOwl«dge thereof. So when they knew the property of the pair 
of saddle-bags, Silini said to Scleem, O my brother, how long shall 
we remain with Joodar like servants, and eat his alms'f Shall wo 
not employ a stmtngem against him, and take thi« pair of saddle- 
bagn, and enjoy it J — How, said Scleem, shall the stratagem bo 
contrived ? S^lim answered, W(> will sell our brother to tlie Cap- 
tain of the Sea of Es-Suweys.*' — And how shall we manage, asked 
the other, tlmt we may sell him? — I will go with tlicc, answered 
Solim, to that Captain, and we will invite him to an ciitcrtuinment 
with two of his company ; and what 1 shall say to Joodar, do Uiou 
declare me to be veracious therein ; and at the close of the night, I 
will shew thee what 1 will do. 

Thus they agreed to sell their brother. They went to the house 
of tlic Captain of the Sea of Es-Suweys, and Salim and Seleem 
both went i» to the Captain, and said to him, O Captain, wc have 
come to thee on account of an affair that will rejoice thee. So he 
replied, Good. And llicy said to him. We are two brothers, and 
we have a third brother, a profligate, in whom is no good ; and our 
&ther died, leaving to us a sum of money. Then wc divided the 
money, and he took what fell to his lot of the inheritance, and ex- 



* 



S\ii 



THE STOKY OF JOODAR, 



pciidcd it ill debauchery imd vice; And when he was reduced to 
poverty, he doinuieered over us, uid proceeded to complain ngainat 
us to the tyrants, and to say, Ye two liave taken my property, aud 
ihe property of my father — aiid we referred our case to the judges, 
and lost the propt-rty. iVftcr this, he suffered us a while, and 
complained against us n second tiniCt so that he brought us to 
poverty, and he dc*i!ited not from oppn-ssiTig us ; wherefore we 
have become impatient of him, and deKim tliiit tliou purchase hJni 
of us. — So he said to them. Can ye employ a stratagem against 
him, and bring him to me here f If so, I will send him quickly to 
the sea. — They answered, We cannot bring him ; but thou shall be 
our guest, and bring with thee two ; no more ; and when he slcep- 
eth, wc live will assist one another against him, and seize him, and 
put a gag in hix mouth, and take him under the covering of night. 
Then thou shnlt carry him forth from Ihe house, and do with him 
as thou wilL — And he said, I hear and obey. Will ye sell him for 
forty pieces of gold ? They answered him. Yes: and after the time 
of aftomoon-praycnt. thou slinlt come to such a quarter, where thoa 
wilt find one of us wailing for thee. And he replied. Go ye. 

They therefore sought Joodar ; and after they had waited 
a while, Salim advanced to him, and kissed his hand. So Joodar 
wiid to liim, WTiat dost thou want, O my brother ? Aad he an- 
swered him, Kjiow that I have a fiicnd, who invited me to enter- 
tainments many times in his house during thine absence, and he is 
entitled to n thousand kindnesses from me, and he always trcatuth 




THR STORY OK JOODAH. 



US 



_.) with honour, as my brother knowcth. Now I !(alut(;<l him to- 
day, an<l he invited nw ; but I Maid to him, 1 caiinot t|uit my 
brother. He therefore said, Bring him with thee. And I replied. 
He will not consent to that ; but if thou and thy hrothcrs will be 
my guwts — for his brothers were sitting by him ; so I invited them, 
thinking thai I should invitt; ihem and they would refuHC. But 
when I invited him mid his brothers, he consented, and snid, "WKit 
for me at the door of the Zdwiyeh," and I will come with my bro- 
then. Thert'fore I fear that he will eome, and am abashed at thee. 
Wilt UiDii tlien comfort my hefirt, nnd entertain them this night ? 
Tliy good things are abundnnt, O my brother. But if thou consent 
not, give me leave lo take them into the neighbours' house. — And 
Joodiu- wiid to him, Wherefore shouldst thou take them into the 
neighbours* house ? Is our house then narrow, or have we not 
aught wherewith to give them u supper ? Shame upon thee to 
consult mc. Thou Imst nothing to rt-ipiiri; but nice viands and 
sweetmeats in such quantities that there shall remain of them ; and 
if thou bring people and I be absent, demand of thy mother, and 
she will produce to ihee viands mare than enough. Go: bring 
them. Bleuings have bedded us. — So he kii^sed his hand, and 
went and sat at the door of the Zawiyeh till after llie time of 
aftemoon-praycrs ; and lo, they approached him. He therefore 
took them and conducted them into the house ; and when Joodar 
saw ihem, he said to lliein, Welcon>e to you ! And he seated them, 
and made himself familiar v.~ilh them, not knowing what was secretly 
purposed to be^dc him from them. Then he demanded of his 
mother the supper, and she proceeded to take forth from the pair 
of saddle-bngs, while he said. Bring such a dish — ^until tliere were 
before them forty different dishes. So they ate until tJiey were 
satisfied, and the table was removed ; the sailors thinking that this 
hoapitahte entertainment proceeded from SaUm. And when a third 
of tlie night had passed, Joodar caused the sweetmeats to be 
brought to them ; and Salim was the one who served them. Joodar 
and Selecm sat tmtil they expressed u desire to sleep ; when Joodar 
■rose and laid himself down, and the others laid down until he was 
inadvertent; whereupon they arose and assisted one anotlier against 
him, and he awoke not until the gag was in his mouth. They 
bound his hands behind him, carried him away, and took him forth 



£14 



THE STORY OF JOUDAR. 



from the pavitioo under the covering of tbe night, and sent him to 
E»-Suwcys, whore they put shakles upon his feet, and he lerved 
in silence, and ceased not to scn-c in the manner of captives &nd 
slaves for a whole year. — Such wns tlie cme of Jooilur. 

But as to the case of his two brothers, when they arose in tlie 
morning, they went in to their motiier, and ssid to her, O our 
moUicr, our brother Joodar Imth not awoke. So she replied, Wnkc 
ye him. They asked her, Where is he lying? Aiid ahc answered 
them. With the guests. They said. Probably he hath gone with 
the guests while we were asleep, O our mother. It secmcth that 
our brother hiith tasted ahsenec from his country, and desired to 
enter the hidden treasures; for we heard him speaking with the 
Maghrahees, and tliey said to him. We will take tJiee with us, and 
we will open for thee the treasure. — Hath he, she said, been with 
the Maghrabces? They replied, Were lliey not guests with us? 
And she aaid, Prohably he lislh gone with them; but (iod will 
direct him riglit. This Is a fortunate person ; he will certainly come 
back willi ahundaiit rielies. — And she wept, and his separation was 
grievous unto her. So they said to her, O accursed, dost thou love 
Joodar with all this love, when, if w« are absent or present, ihou 
neither rejoicvst in us nor iiiounicst for us ? Are we not thy sons 
as Joodar is tliy son ? — She answered, Ye are my sons ; but ye are 
wicked wretches, and ye arc entitled to no favour from ttw ; for 
from the day that your father died I have not experienced from you 
any good; and as to Joodar, I have experienced from him abundant 
good, and he hath comforted my heart, iuid treoted me with honour: 
therefore it behoveth me to weep for him ; for his kindness was 
•hewn to me and to you. — And when they heard these words, they 
reviled her and bent her ; find they entered, and proceeded to search 
for the pair of saddle-hags until tliey found it ; and they took tlie 
jewels from the one half [of one pair of saddle-bags], and tlie gold 
from the other half, and the enchanted pair of saddle-bags also, 
saying to her, This was tlic property of our father. She replied, 
No, by AUal) ; but it is the property of your brother Joodar, who 
brought it from tlic country of tlie Maghrabees. They said to her. 
Thou liest: this wax the properly of our father, and wc will dispose 
of it. So they divided it [that is, the jewels and gold] between 
them ; but a dissension ci»ued between them respecting the en- 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



itl5 



cbanled pair of saddlc-ba^. Sdlini said. I will take it. And 
Sclecm said, I will lake it. And opposition took place between 
them. Their mother therefore »aid, O my ions, the pair of saddle- 
bags in wKich were the jewels and the gold ye have divided, 
and ihte cannot be divided, nor ean its value be given in money; 
and if it be cut in twain, its ohanii will be annulled : but leave it 
with me, and I will take forth for you what ye ahail eat on every 
occasion, and will be content to take with you a morsel: if, more- 
over, ye clothe me with any thing, it will be of your favour; and 
each of you aliall establish for himself a traSick with the people. 
Ye are my sons, and 1 um your mother ; then let us remain in our 
pnaeot state lest your brother come, in fear of disgrace. — But they 
accepted not her proposal. They passed the next uight contending 
together; and a man heard them, a Ijiowwait" belonging to the guards 
of the King, being a guest in a house adjoining the house of Joodar, 
a window of which was open. So the kowwaa looked from tlio win- 
dow, and heard the whole of the dispute, and tlie words that they 
uttered, and the division. And when the morning canie. Oils kow- 
wa^ went in tn the King, whose name was Shcnix ed-Doleh," llie 
King of Egypt in that age; and when the kowwas went in to him, 
he acquainted him with that which he had heard ; whereupon the 
King sent to the two brolheri of Juodiir, and brought them, and 
sabjeclcd tiiem to torture. So tliey confessed ; and he took the 
two jwirs of saddle-baga from them, and put them in prison. Then 
he assigned to the mother of Joodai such allowances every day as 
would suffice her. — Thus did it happen imto them. 

Now again as lo Joodar, lie remained a whole year serving at 
Es^uwej's, and after the year, he and others were in tlie ship, and 
there arose against them a wind which cast the ship wherein thc^ 
were upon a mounuin, and it went to pieces, and all that was in it 
was submerged. None reached tlie shore excepting Joodar; and 
tlie rest died. And when he had readied the shore, he journeyed 
until he caroe to an encampment of Arabs by ivati-r and posture ; 
and they asked him respecting his state; wherefore he informed 
them that he vras a sailor in a ship, and he related to llicni hia 
■toiy. Now there was in the encampment a merchnnt, of the people 
of Juddehi" and he pitied him, and said to him. Wilt thou serve 
us, O man of Cairo.' If so, I will clothe thee, and take Uiee with 




,--.V>^-TA 



■ v-r^'-^^-' 



me to Judd«h. — So he served him, and journeyed with him unlil 
they arrived »t Juddeh ; and Uie merchant treated him with much 
favour. Then hi^ niiuter the merchant desired to perform the 
pilftrimagc. and took him with him to Mekkeh : so when they 
ontered it, Juudor went to perform the cmnpiisiiiHgs In the Temple ;" 
and while he was compassing, lo, he found his friend tiic Mnghrahee 
'Afad Efl-Samad comjia^infT kIro. The rL' fore when tlie Maghrabee 
saw him, he saluted him, and asked him respectinR his state. And he 
wc]>t, and Rcquuiutcd him n-ith that wliich li»d hcfullen him. And 
upon thi> llic Mnghrahee took htm with him until he L-nt«ntd his 
house, where he treated him honourably, and clad him in a dress of 
which there existed not the equal ; and he said lo him, Evil hath 
quitted thco, O Joodar. Ue then performed for him an operation of 
geoniancy, wlicrcriipon that which had befallen Joodar '» two brothers 
uppeared lo him, and he waid. Know, O Joodnr, tliat such and such 
things have befallen thy two brothers, and tliey are confined in the 
prison of the King of Egypt : but thou shalt be welcome unlil thou 
hast nccouipli&hcd thy rites of sucrificc;" and nothing xhnll betide 
hut good fortune. So Joodar Mid to him, O my master, wail until 
I go and take leave of the merchant with whom 1 baro been living, 



THE STORY OF JOOU.VR. 



»I7 



and come back unto thcc. And the- Mnghriibcc said, Dost thou 
owe nioncjr ? He answered, Xo. Tlic Maglirabec therefore said, 
Go; lake leave of liim, aiid come back immediately; lor bread 
imposeth obligation in the cstiuintton of tlie ingenuous." Accord- 
iiu;lv he went and took k-nvc of the rocrcliant, and snid to iiim, 
1 bsTC met my brottier. Au<l ibe niercliaiit said to bim, Go ; bring 
bim, and vre will moke for him an enterlainmcnt. But Joodar 
replied) It is not nec«saary ; for he is of the people of affluence, nnd 
katb many scrvjints. And th<? nicrcliant gave him twenty pieces of 
gold, saying to liim, Acquit me of responsibility." So hi- took 
leave of bim, and went forth from him, and, seeing a poor man, he 
gnvebim the twenty pieces of gold. 

He then repaired to 'Abd E^-.Sninnd the Maghrabee, and he 
remained with him uiilil ttiey had nrcomplialicd the rites of the 
SBcnfioc of tlie pilgrimage ; whereupon the Maghriibee gnvr Itim llic 
ami-ring that he had taken fortli from the treasure of Ksh-Slia- 
msidal, and said to him, Take this seat-ring; for it will cause thee 
to attain tliy desire, sdnce it hath a servant whose name is £r-Rnad 
£1-K&xif, and whatever thou shall require of the things of the 
world, rub llie seal-ring, and tlie servant will appear to thee, [and 
he will bring it thee ;] and whatsoever tbou shalt command bim to 
do, he will do it for tliee. And he rubbed it before him ; where- 
upon the wrvant appeared to Iiim, calling out, At thy service, O my 
nuutrr ! What dost thou demand ? It shall be given tbee. Wilt 
thou then render flourishing a ruined city, or ruin a city that is 
flourishing, or slay a King, or rout an army! — The Maghrabee 
replied, O Raad, this bath become thy nwistcr; and act thou well 
to him. Then he diNmissed bim, and said to Joodar, Rub tlie seal- 
ring, and ita servant will appear before tliee, and do tliou command 
him to do what thou dcsircst ; for be will not disobey ihee. Repair 
to thy cotmtiy, and take care of the ring i for ihou wilt delude with 
it thine enemies ; and be not ignorant of the pot<rncy of this ring. — 
Joodar therefore replied, O my master, with thy permission I will 
repair to my country. And the Maghrabec said to bim, Rub ihc 
seal-ring: thereupon the seri-ant will appear lu thee, and mount 
tliou upon his bock ; and if thou say to him, Convey me this day 
to my coiiiilry — be will not disobey thy command. 

Joodar, upon this, bade "Abd Gs-Samad farewell, and rubbed 
VM. lit. 2 r 



SIS 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



the seol-ring, nnd Er-Kimcl El-Kasif proscntod himself before him, 
saying to iiim, At thy service ! Demanil ; it ath.-ill bt- given thee. — 
So h« said to liiiu, Convey me to Cairo tliiH day. Aud he replied, 
That shall bo done for thcc. lie took him up, And flew n-ith him 
from the time of noon until midnight, wlic-ii he alighted with him Sit 
the court of the house of Iiiit motlier, and departed. He therefore 
went in to his mother; and when she saw him, she arose and wept, 
and snlutcd him, and informed him of that which had been done to 
hi* two brothers by (he King, liow he had beaten them, and talceu 
the enchanted pair of saddle-bags and the pair of saddle-ba^ con> 
taining tlie gold and jewels. And when Joodar heard that, the 
state of his brothers was not a light matter to him ; but he said to 
his mtither. Grieve not for that whieh hath escaped thee ; for in- 
stantly I will shew thee what 1 will do, and I will bring my bro- 
thers. Then he rubbed the seal-ring, and the senant appeared to 
him, saying. At thy service I Demand: it shall be pven thee.^ 
And he said to him, I command thcc to bring me my two brothers 
from the King's prison. So he descended into the earth, nnd cAmc 




THE STOItY OF JOOUAIi. 



a\9 



uot up save in tlio midst of the prison. Now Salim and Selwm 
were in tlic most violent diiLresv, iind in great nRliclion, % reason of 
tile misery of imprison meat ; ihey had wiiihed for death, and ono of 
them was saying to the other, By Allali, O my brother, our trouble 
hath become wearisoniv to us, and how long shall we remain in 
this prison? Dentli in it would be ease to us. — And while they 
were in this state, lo, chc earth clove asunder, and Kr-Ilaad El- 
Kfisif came forth lo tlicm, and, tiikiiig (hem both up, descended into 
the earth. They swooned in eonsetiuenoe of the violence of their 
fear; aitd when they recovered, they found themselves in their 
bouse, where they saw their brother sittuig with his mother by his 
aide. And he said to titem, Sululations to you, O my brothers! 
Ye have chcrrcd me by your presence. — Upon this, they inclined 
their &ces towards the ground, and begun to weep. But he said to 
tliem, Weep not ; for the Dtvil and covetousntss forced you lo do 
that. How could you sell me? But I will console myself by 
remcmbetinj; Voosuf; for his brothers did imto him what was 
worse than your deed, sinee they east him Into the pit. Turn ye, 
however, with repentance unto God, and beg his forgiveness, and 
He will forgive you i for He is ilic Abundant in forgiveness, tbo 
Merciful, 1 have pardoned you. Welcome to you ! No harm 
aliall befall you. — And he proceeded to appease their minds until he 
had soothed their hearts ; and he relatt^d to them all that he had 
aulTered at Es-Suwoys [and afterwards] until he met with the shcykb 
'Abd Ef-Samad, informing them also of the seal-ring. So they ssud, 
Q our brother, ho not angry with us tliis time. If we return to our 
former conduct, du with us what tliou wilt. — He replied. No harm: 
but tell me what the King did unto you. Ajid they said. Ho beat 
us and tlu'ealened us, and took the two pairs of saddlc-bogs from us. 
lliervupon he said. Will he not care? And he rubbed ibcscnl- 
ring. Su the servant preneuted himself before him. And when his 
brothers beheld him, they feared him, and imagined tliat Joodar 
would order the servant to slay tliem. They therefore went to tijcir 
mother, and began to say, O our mother, we tiiniw ourselves upon 
ihy generosity ! O our mother, intercede for us ! — And she replied, 
O my sons, fear not. — Then Joodar said to the servant, 1 conmiand 
thee to brint^ mo all that is in the treasury of the King, of jewels 
and other things, and to leave uot in it aught : also, tliat ihou bring 



sso 



THE STORY OP JOODAR. 



mc tlic PHcliantcd pair of saddle-baffs, and the pair of saddle-bags 
containing the ji-wcU [and ^old], which the King took from tny two 
brothers. So he replied, 1 hear and obey. And he went iiiiniudi- 
alcly, collected what was in the treasury, brought the two pairs of 
•aiidlc-bogx with the cncloKc-d di-positcK, and pliicvd all that was in 
the treasury before Joodar, saying, O my master, I have not left in 
the treasury anything. Upon tliis, Joodar ordered his mother to 
take care of the pair of saddle-bags containing the jewels [and gold], 
put the enchfliitcd ptiir of »iddlr-b(igs before him, and utid to the 
servant, I command thee to build for me, during this night, a lofty 
palace, and to decorate it with water-gold, and spread it witJi mag- 
nificent fumiturtr, and let not morning come before thou bast com- 
pleted the whole of it. The servant replied, llmt shall he done for 
dtee. And he descended into the earth. Then Joodar took forth 
tha viands, and they ate, and enjoyed themselves, and slept. — But 
as to the affair of the ser\'ant, Ite collected his 'O'ns, and gave orders 
to build the palace. So some of them began to hew the stones, and 
Kome to build, and some to whitewash, and some to pnint, and some 
to spread tlie funiitnre ; and the daylight came not befort' the order 
of the palace was perfect. The servant thereupon went up to 
Joodar, and said, O my maater, tlie palace is liniiihed, and its order 
is perfect; if then thou wilt go forth and divert thyself with a view 
of it, go forth. 

Ho therefore went fortli with his mother and tils two brothers, 
and saw this palace to he one of which there existed not the like, 
confounding the minds by the beauty of its order. So Joodar was 
delighted with it, while he was yet passing along the beaten track ; 
and with all thin, he had expended nothing upon it. He then said 
to his niolhor, Wilt thou reside in this palace ? She answered him, 
O my son, I will reside in it. And she prayed for lum. Then he 
rubbed the seal-ring ; whereupon the servunl appeared, saying, At 
thy service 1 And he said to him, 1 command thee to bring me 
forty white and beautiful slave-girb, and forty black slave-girls, 
and forty memlooks, and forty male black slaves. The servant 
replied, That shall he done for thee. And he repaired with forty of 
his'Cns lo the counlrfes of India and Ks-Sind and Persia; and 
whenever tliey beheld a beautiful damsel, they carried her off; and 
when they saw a young man, they carried him ofi*. He sent also 



THE STORY OF JOODAK. 



therefoixi was vexed, nud ha said) Wbo hath asutultcd uiy treasury, 
aud not feared my authority ? And he wjw riuU-iitly enraged. Ho 
then vttat forth, and held a. court, and the great officers of the nnny 
came, every one of them imagining that the King was incensed 
flgniiiBt him ; and the King said, O soldiers, know that my treasury 
bath been plundered during this night, and 1 know not who hath 
done this deed and assaulted uie and not feared nie. So they said. 
And how hath this happened? He replied. Ask the Treasurer, 
They therefore asked him, and he answered, YestvnUy it was full, 
and to-day I entered it and beheld it emjity : yet it Itath not bora 
broken through, nor hatli its door been broken. 

Now all the soldiers wondered at these words, and no tef\y had 
been given by them, when the kowwu?. who, on a former occasion, 
betrayed Scteein and Salini, came tn to the King, and said, O King 
of the age, all thi; night I have been anuuing my.ielf with the sight 
of biiildeni building, and when daylight oame, I «aw a palace con- 
structed, the like of which existeth not. I therefore asked, and it 
waa said to me, that Joodar had come and built this palace, and 
with liim were nienilooks and black slaves ; that he had brought 
abun(b»t riches, and delivered Ids two brothers from the prison, 
and waa in his mansion like a Sultan. — So the King naid, PJxamine 
the prison. And they examined it, and saw not Salim and Seleem. 
They therefore returned, and acquainted him with that wtiicb had 
happened; whereupon the King said. My otfetider hath become 
manifest ; for he who delivered Siilira and Seloera from the prison, 
and took the two pairs of saddle-bags," is the ]>er8on who took my 
proptTty. A:id the Wezeer said, O my loni who is he ? The King 
answered, Their brother Joodar : but, O Wezeer, send to him an 
Emeer with fifty men to seize him and his two brothers, and to put 
seals upon all his property, and to bring them to me that I may 
hang them. And he was violently enraged, and said, Ho! quickly 
send to them an Emeer to bring them to me tliat I may put them 
to death. But the Wezeer said to him, Be clement, for God is 
clement: He is not hasty towards Ins servant when he disobeycth 
Him. He who hath built a palace in one night, as they hare Kaid, 
no one in the world can be compared with him ; and I fear for the 
Kmcer that some trouble may befall him from Joodar. Have 
patience, therefore, that 1 may contrive for thee some plan, or tiU 




thou see the truth of the case, and what thou dcsircst thou wilt 
attain, O Kinj; of the nge.— So the King said. Contrive for me a 
plan, O Wezeer. The Wez«iT replied, Send to him the Emeer, 
■nd invite him to an enterlainnteiit. Then I nil! pay all attention 
to him for thee, and make a show of friendship to him, and ask him 
retpeetii^ his state. After that, tiiou shalt ace : if his courage be 
strong, we wil! employ Kome stratagem agninst him ; and if his 
courage he weak, seize lliou him, and do with him as thou desirest. 
— And the King said, Send and invite him. 

Aecurdingly he ordered an Emeer, whose name was the Emeer 
'Oamiii, to go to Joo<lnr and invite him, and to xay to him. The 
King summoneth thee to un entertainment. And the King said to 
him, Return not but with Iiini. Now that Emeer was stupid, and 
haughty in mind ; and when he descended, he saw before the door 
of the palace [of Joodiir] a eunuch sitting upon a chair; and when 
the Emeer 'OsmSn arrived at the palace, the etmuch rose not to 



au 



THE STORY Of JOODAR. 



hiin> but remained as though no one were approaching him : yet 
there wesre with tho Emccr 'Osman fifty men. And the Emeer 
'Osmnn came up, and snid to him, O slave, where is thy master ? 
He answered him. In the pnlacf. And h« proceeded to spc»k to 
him in a reclining posture. So the Emeer 'Osmiiii was enraged, 
and laid to him, O ill-omcncd slave, art thou not abashed at me, 
that when I speak to thee ttiou liest down like those who }iave no 
shame? But he repHed, Go along. Be not loquacious. — And the 
Emeer heard not from him these words before he became infused 
vrith rsgc, and, drawing forth his mnce, he was about to beat the 
eunuch, not knowing that he w-jut a devil. When the eunuch, how- 
ever, saw tliat lie liad drawn forth the mace, he arose and nislied 
upon him, took the mace from him, and struck him four blows ; and 
when the fifty men saw it, the bealing of their master displeased 
them : they tlierefore drew (Jicir swords, and desired to slay Uie 
slave. But he said to them, Do ye draw the swords, O dogs? 
And he fell upon them, breaking the bones of every one whom ho 
smote with the mace, and drowning him in blood. So they were 
routed before him, and ceased not to Qce, while lie still heal liiem 
tmtil they were far from the door of tlio palace, when he returned, 
and seated himself again upon his chair, not caring for any one. 
But as to the Emeer 'Osman and hi* company, they returned routed 
and beaten until tliey stood before tlie King Shcms ed-D61eh, and 
tliey acquainted him with lliat which had happened unto them, the 
Emeer 'Osman saying to the King, O King of tlie age, when I 
arrived at the door of the palace, 1 saw a eunuch sitting at the 
door, upon a chair of gold, and he was haughty: when he beheld 
me approaching liim, he laid himself down, after he had been 
sitting, and despised me, not rising to me ; and I began to speak to 
him ; but he replied to me still lying down. So [uiuion ^-ized me, 
and I drew forth the mace upon him, and was about to beat him ; 
but he took the mace from me, and beat me with it. He beat also 
my party, breaking their heads, and we fled from before him, and 
could not prevail against him. — Upon this, the King was enraged, 
and he said. Let a hundred men go down to him. They therefore 
went down to him, and apprnnclied him ; but he rose against Ibem 
with the mace, and ceased not to deal bis blows among tlicm until 
they fled from before him; whereupon he returned, and seated 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



225 



fainuelf again upon the chair. So tlie liundred men went back ; 
and when they citme to the King, the^ informed him, saying to 
htm, O King of the age, wo liave flod from before him in our ft-ar 
of htm. Then the King Hiiii), ImI two hundred go down. And 
they went down; hut he roult-d iht^ni, and tliey returned. There- 
fore the King said to tlie Wezcer, I require thee, O Wezeer, to go 
down with fivo hundred men, and to bring me tliis eunuch quickly, 
togetiter with his mnstcr Joodur and h\t two brothers. Ho replied, 
O King of tlic age, I need not soldiers; but 1 will go alono to him, 
without weapon. And the King said, Go, and do what ihou shalt 
sec fit. 

So the Wezeer threw down the weapon, cind himself in a white 
vesture,** and, taking in his hand « string of beads, walked nione, 
without a second person, until he arrived at the palace of Joodar, 
and saw the slave sitting. .\nd when he saw liun, he approacheil 
him witliout weapon, and seated liimseif by his side in a poHle 
manner. Then ho said, Peace be on you I And the slare replied, 
And on you be peace, () liuiniui being ! W bat dosl lliou desire ? — 
WTien the Wezeer therefore heard liini say, O human being — he 
knew that he was of the .linn, and he trembled by reason of tiis 
fear, and said to him, O my master, is thy master Joodnr here? 
The slave imswerecl, Yes, in the palace. And the Wezcer said to 
him, O my master, go to him and say to him, The King Shcms ed- 
Dolch, innlctli tliee, and mnketh for thee a buiiqmrt, and grcetcth 
thee witli peace, saying to thee, Honour my abode, and eat of my 
banquet. So the slave replied. Slay thou here until I consult him. 
Accordingly the Wezeer stayed, in a respectful posture, nnd the 
Marid went up into Uie palace, and said to Joodar, Know, O my 
mBStcr, that the King sent unto thee an Enicer, and I beat him ; 
and there were with him 6lly men, nnd 1 routed them. Thun he 
Kent a. hundred men, and I beat them. Then he sent iwo hundred 
men, and I routed them. Then he sent unto tliee the Wezeer, 
witliout weapon, inviting ihec to vixit him and Lo eat of his banquet. 
What then sayest thou? — Joodar replied. Go, bring the Wereer 
faither. So he descended from the palace, and said to him, O 
Wezcer, answer the summons of my master. And he replied, On 
llie head! He ascended, and went in to .lowhir, and lie saw him 
to bo greater than the King, sitting upon farnilure the like of 



*«L. III. 



3a 



THE STORY OF JUODAB. 



which th« Kiiig could not spread. His mind was confounded by 
tlic bcautj of the pulacc, and by its painting und its funiiturv, 
which made the Wezeer seera in coinpariitoii with him to be a 
pauper. And be kissed the ground, and prayed for him; and 
Joodiir Eiiid to hira, What ia thy bitsincsst O Wczcer i — O my 
master, he juixwvri^d, tlit- King Shcms cd-Dolch, thy friend, grcutcth 
thee willi peace, mid is demroux of beholding thy fiiee, and 1k' hath 
made for thee a banquet. Will thou lliun comfort his heart ? — 
Joodar replied. Since he ia my friend, salute him, and tell him to 
comt unto nic. So the Wcitccr said to him, On tbe bead. Then 
Joo<hir took forth the seal-ring, And rubbed it, and tlic servant 
presenU^d hiiiixeir; wid .loodar wiid to him, Bring mc a dress, of 
the best of apparel. He tlierefore brought him a dress; and Joodar 
said. Pot on this, O Wezeer. And he put it on. Joodar tbcn said 
to him, Go: nctjuaint tbc King with that which I have said. And 
he descended, wearing that dress, the like of which lie htid never 
before worn, and, going in to Uie King, informed him of the state 
of Joodar, and praised the palace with the Illinois tliat it contained ; 
ttnd he said, Joodar hath invited thee. 

Upon this, the King said. Arise, O soldiers! So nil of them 
rose upon tlieir feet. And he said. Mount your horses, and bring 
unto me my courser, that w<^ may go to Joodar. Tlit;n llie King 
mounted, and took the troops, and they repaired to Joodar's palace. 
— Now as to Joodar, he said to the Maiid, I desire that thou bring 
us some 'Efreels of thy '(yns, m the form of human beings, to be 
as soldiers, and to stand in tbc court of the palace, that the King 
may see them, and tliat they may terrify him and inspire bim with 
dread, so that his heart may tremble, and he may know that my 
power is greater than his. He therefore brought two hundred in 
the garb of soldiers, equipped witli magnificent arms; and they 
were strong and bulky. — So when the King aiTived, ho beheld the 
strong and bulky troop, and his heart feared them. Then he went 
up into the piilace, and entered into the presence of Joodar, whom 
he saw sitting in a state iu which no King nor Sult&u had sat; and 
he saluted him, and raised his hands to his head before him. But 
Joodar rose not to him, nor payed him honour, nor did he s;iy to 
him, Sit:— he left him standing till fear seized liim, and he became 
unable cither to sit or to go forth, and began to say within himself. 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



827 



Were he in fear of me, he had not left me uiihevdcrd, iind prohnbly 
he will do me some hurl, ou account of ihut which 1 did with his 
brotiiers. Then Joodar said, O King of the age, it is not the 
proper busiucss of such aa you to tyrannize oyer men and to take 
their goods. Sii hr rtrplied, O my mnstcr, blame me not; for 
CUTelniisness coiixtraiHi'd mc to do so, and destiny took effect ; and 
were it not for oHence, there were no auch tiling as forgiveness. 
And he proceeded to excuse himself to him for hia former conduct, 
nnd to seek of him pardon and lenity, to such a degree lltat among 
Ids cxprirssiona of apol<»gy he recited to him these verses : — 



O thou of nob1« itiiccBlon aiiil g«ntl« dlspoaition, blnin? me nol furtlut which 

hall) proceeded fVum mc. 
if ihoii bo nn ojiprcuiir, trc pardon thM; and if I be nil oppicnor, thmi wilt 

pudon mc." 

And he ee^ued nut to humble himself before liim until he aaid to 
him, May God pardon thee ! — luid ordered him to sit. So he sat ; 
and Joodar invested him with the garments of mercy," and ordered 
his two brothers to spread the table. Then, when they had catun, 
he clftd tile King's company, and treated them with honour; and 
after tliat, he ordered tlie King to depart. 

He therefore went forth from the abode of Joodar; and every 
day after, he used to go thither, and used nol to hold his court 
save in Joodai's abode. Their mutual familiarity and fricndslup 
iocrenscd, and they continued it whilu in this state. But after tliat, 
the King had a private interview with his Wezeer, and aaid to hJmt 
O Wezeer, I fear lest Joodar should slay me, and take the kingdom 
from mo. The Wezeer however replied, O King of the age, as to 
die act of taking the kingdom, fear it not; for tlie state which 
Joodar enjoyeth is more exalted than the slate uf the King, and 
the taking of the kingdom would be a lowering of his dignity; but 
if tbou fearest that he will sky thee, thou hast a daughter : so marry 
h4>r to him, and thou and he will be of one condition. And ho 
replied, O Wezeer, thou shalt he an intermediary between me and 
him. The Wezeer therefore said to him, Invite him to an entcr- 
tAinmcnt in thy palace ; then wc will sit up at night in a saloon, 
and euimnimd ihuii thy daughter to dei-k herself in the most mag- 
nificent manner, and to pass by him Irom the door of the saloon ; 




for as soon ns he seetli lior, he will be enamoured of her; nnd when 
we peireive in him thnt result, I will incline lowardf him ami 
inform him that she is thy daughter, and I will keep iip a con* 
versatlon with him as though Uiou hitditt no knowledge of the 
matter, sn that he shall demand her of thee in marriape. When 
thou ahalt have married to him the damsel, thou and he will be one, 
and thou wilt be secure fniin any injury on his part; and if he die, 
thou wilt inherit largely from him. — So the Kinp replied. Thou 
hast spoken truth, O my Wezcer. And he prepared tlitf entertain- 
ment, and invited him. Joodar Uiert-fore eanie to the Sulfan's 
palace, and they sat in the saloon in excee<ling sociablcncss until 
the close of tlie day. The King had sent to his wife, desiring her 
to deck the damsel in the most magnificent miinncr, and to pass 
with her by the door of the saloon. And she did aa he had said- 
She patixed by with the damsel, and Joodar saw her; and she wm 
entlowcd with beauty and loveliness, having no ei^ual. So when 
Joodar took an accurate view of her, he said, Ah ! — and liis limbs 
became loosened, passion and desire became violent in him, cc-d.-isy 
and distmctiou seized him, and his complexion become sallow. 
Tlic Wezeer therefore said to him, May no harm befall thee, O my 
maater 1 WTicrefore do t sec thee changed and in pain f — And he 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



329 



laid, O Wexeer, uliouc (biughtcr is this damsel ; for slie hath cap- 
tivated me, and deprix-ed me of my rcanoii ? So lii; nnswcrcd. This 
u the daughter of thy friend the King; and if she please thee, I 
will speak with thf King, thnt hi- may marry her to thee. And 
Joodar said, O Wezeer, speak Ui him, iiml I, by my lifp, will give 
thee what tliou mhalt desire, and will give to the King what he shall 
drsirv ns her dowry, and we will become friends and connexions. 
The Wesseer replied, Thy desire must be accomplished. Then the 
Wezeer spoke to the King privately, saying to him, O King of the 
age, Joodar is thy firiend, and desireth affinity to thee, and he huth 
rc<juestcd thcc, by me. to marry to him thy daughter, the lady 
A'*iyeh : thurcfore disappoint nic not, but accept my intercession ; 
and whatever thou shult demand as her dowry, he will give t]ice. 
And the King replied, The dowry hath been paid me," and the 
damsel is a slave-girl in his service ; I will marry her to him, and 
be will do a favour by accepting her. 

Th<-y pasted that night, and tlie King itrosc in the moniiiig and 
held a court, at which ho caused the nobles and the plebeians to bo 
present, and the Sheykh cl-IsUm" was there also. Then .toodar 
demanded tlie damsel in marriage, and the King said, Tlie dowry 
hath been paid. So tiiey performed tlie ceremony of the marriagc- 
coDtract, and Joodar sent desiring that the pair of saddle-bags con- 
t^nit^ tlie jewels [and gold] should be brought, and gave it to the 
King as the dowry of the damsel. Tlie drums were beaten and the 
pipes were sounded, the festal necklaces were strung, and Joodar 
took tlie damsel as his wife. Thus he and tlie King became as one, 
and tliey remained together for a period of days. Then the Kijig 
died, and the troops desired Joodar as Sultdn. and they ceased not 
to urge him, while he refused to comply with their request, until 
at last he consented. So they made him Sultan; and he gave 
orders to build a congregational mosque over the sepulchre of the 
King Shems cd-D61ch, and endowed it; and it is in the district of 
EI-Bundokaneeyeen." The house of Joodar was in the quarter of 
EI-Yem«nccych ; and when he became Sultan, he coiistmcled 
buildings and a congregational mosque, and the quarter hath been 
named after him, its name having becom&^the quarter of Kl- 
Joodareeyeh," lie continued as King some time, and made his 
two brothers Wezeers; S&lini the Weaecr of his right hand, and 







Sele«in the Wezecr of liis left ; aiid they remained thus one year, 
and no more. 

After thiii, Silliin fliiiil to Scleein, O my brolltcr, how long flhall 
tliia state lastT Shall we pass our lives entirely as acrrants of 
Joodar, and shull wc not enjoy dominion nor prospc-rity as long as 
Joodar is living? — Aiid huw sliall wk iiimiAgi; to kill him, ttuid 
Seleciii, nud to take from him the Heal-ring and tlic pair of iiaddle- 
bags ? Thou art more knowing than I : therefore contrire for us a 
stnitageni in order that wc may kill him thereby. — Salim said, If I 
contrive for ihcc a stratagem hy which to kill hini, wilt thou con- 
sent tliat I shall he Sultan, and iliut ihou shall he Weaccr of the 
right han<l, an<l lliat the seal-ring shall he mine and tlie pair of 
addlc-bags thiuc ? Scleom answerc-d, I consent. So they agreed 
to kill Joo<lar, on account of the love of the world and of dominion. 



THE STORY OF JOODAR. 



£31 



Then Selecm snd SAlim contrived a stratagem against Joodar, and 
said to him, O our brotlier, we desire that wo may glorj- iu thee, 
and that thou wouldst enter our houses, and cat of our hanquet, 
and comfort our henrU And ihcy procpcdcd to hcguilc him, 
saying to him, Comfort our heart, and eat of our banquet. So he 
replied. No harm. In the house of which of you will be the ban- 
quet {- — Sulim answered. Id my house ; and after thou shall have 
ctiUrn of my banquet, thou shalt eat of the banquet of my brother. 
And he »aid, No harm :^aiid went with him to his house. Then 
his brother placed the food for him, and put into it poison ; ami 
when he had catrn, his flesh fell to pieces with his hones. So upon 
ihu, Sslim aroMC to take the seal-ring from his finger; but it 
redsted his attempt : therefore he cut off his finger wiUi a knife. 
He then rubbed llic rinfr> and the Mi'irid presented liimsclf to him, 
SBjing, At lliy wiAict- ! Deniund tlien what thou wilt. — And ho 
said to hint. Seize my brother, and ^la^ liim, and take up the two, 
the poi»oncd and the slain, and throw them before the troopa. 
Accordingly he took Seivem and slew Iiim, and took up the two, and, 
going forth witli them, cast them before the great ollicers of the 
army. Thej were sitting at the tabic in the mak'ad of the house, 
eating; and when they beheld Joodnr and Seleem killed, they 
raised their hands fi-om the food, and fear disturbed them, and they 
aaid to the Mi'irid. Who hath done these deeds with the King and 
the Wezecr f 80 he anxwered them, Their brother S£lim. 

And lo, Snlim approached them, and aaid, O soldiers, eat, and 
enjoy yourselves; for I have obtained possession of the seal-ring 
from my brother Joodar, and this Alarid is the servant of the ring ; 
he who is before you. I ordered him to slay ray brother Seleem, 
that he might not conU-nd with tne for the kingdom, because he 
was trcKchcrotut, and I feared lliat he would act treacherously 
towards me. Now tliis Joodar bath been put to death, and I have 
become Sul[an over you. Do ye accept me, or sliall I rub the 
ring, and »h«ll its servant slay you, great and small ? — They 
answered him, Vt'e accept thee as King and Sultan. Then ho gave 
orders to bury his two brothers, and held a court ; and acme of the 
people attended the fum-rai, while othen walked before him iu the 
Slate-prooeMiun. And when they came to the court, he seated 
hiiUMir upon the throne, and ibcy swore allcgiauce to him as King; 



333 



THE STORY OF JOODAIL 



after which he said, 1 desire to pcrfgnn the contract of my marriage 
to the wife of my brother. They replied, Wlien the period of 
widowhood" sha]l have expired. But he said to them, 1 know not 
a period of widowhood nor niiylhing else. By my head, I mual 
tidtc her as my wife tliis night. — So tiiey perfonncd the ceremony 
of t]ie contract for liim, and sent and acquainted the wife of Jood»r, 
the daughter of Shenia ed-Doleh ; and site replied. Invite him to 
come in. And wticn he came in tu her, she made a show of joy to 
him, receiving him with expressions of welcome. But she put 
poison for him in the water, and destroyed him. Then she took 
the seal-ring and bniki? jl, thjit no one might thereafter possess it; 
«nd *he rent tlie pair of saddle-bags; after which she sent and 
informed the Sheykh eUIalfim, and sent a message to him and the 
people, saying to them, Choose for yourselves a King to be Sulfan 
over you. 

This is what hath come down to us of the Story of Joodar, 
entire and complete." 





^J^^ 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTV-SECOND. 



NOTR 1. 

Mt «h*jl[h luppMci "Joodar" to be fur '■ Ju-dhnr," which aignifio '* lh« 
jroang of td* wilJ ruw" (■ kind of niitc1opi<) : but it will bt seen hj- a note on > 
fMMMf*' iirsr t1i(> t'liil of llie ttory, ihal llie appvllalioti of a qiinrtcr in Cairo nig- 
gntod tilts nunii' lo mir Aiiilior, luid Ihnt llie mid quurler yran nul, ai be preteiidi, 
caltrd attfi a prnton nonird Joodnr. 

Son X 

Had lilt iiii^rcHBiil left lii» proppriy lo bt' diiiiltid nfirr bin di-nili, anil n.ji made 
* will, bii wife would only hnvr iiihcrilrd one t-tjihtli. By n-i//, he niifilil havi> lrt\ 
to h«t one third of hb ]iro3>crtf, and the would hove inhcrilcd beside) one eighth 
of the remunder; but he could not hoi'e thui Iiicreuaed llie uliare ofa rilalion 
uithoiit tilt eoiiaeiit of all the GO-li«ir*. 

Nmit 3. 

ity ihoykh obirrroi, m a inargin*l noti^, that tht> alludci lo brihrt. <a well m 
lo the \egsX feel. The briber)* pracliwd in MuHlitn court! of Inw ia noioriouii. 
t'oc • Mnking iiitUnce, tee my work on Uif Mi>drrii Egypljnna, vol, i. chap. ir. 



Note 4. 

That i>, look fui the time when reiigeance and piiiiishiiK'nt ihnll liofitl the 
opprenor from God.* 



rolu III. 



3 R 



I 



«» 



SOTE8 TO CHAPTEH TWENTr-SBCONO. 
NotB 5. 



TUhI the word " miflV" (whicli t« omilicd in (]ic ori)pnitI) should bf liiif 
tiijiplied aevitti «rii]«nt (Vom the icqud. Respecting llie nuff, bm NoI« 17 to 
Chapter ill. 

Not* G. 



See Nol« 24 lo Chapter viii. 



NoiB T. 



I tuppoie " knmni!!!!," or •nme liimlnr word, lo lir hftt xmArnXOoA, aiid the 
mctning to lio, "Thou art ihenipcrior in gcncroiily to me." 

KoTK 6. 

1'h* word which I have rendcced " miniiow " I* " tccrch." My shcykli merely 
■tat«, th«t the {ccrcli ii "the smallest uf Rthvt;" niid I am titiablc to di-litie it* 
«pici«<. Il hiui been dinViviilly deacrilK'd hy dUf^reiit aiilliun, a* niuy he let-ii in 
Do Sacy'a " Kvlatian dn I'Egyple pnr Abd-allalif," pp. 2'SSHH. 

NOTK ». 

The Luke o( ^iroon (Birket KArnon) was u the southern extremity of Cairo, 
when ihut city h«d estcnded to nhout itt prtrnent limitn. El-Makreezee lufficienUy 
poiuta out its tiluation when he sftys, that thu gicnt dike culled El-Jiar I'UAaiuun. 
wliich liwd in hi« lime (early in the fiftccnlh ccniiiry) become o grenl thorough fiin^ 
street, leading from the Kkl'itt cl-K('b«ii to (be two bridgvs called Kiiiiiitir en-SlhAII, 
divided this lake rrom tlmt of the Elephmit (Birket il-Keei). Tbe extent vhich it 
occupied is doubtfu], and its bed, I beUvre, ha* long aiiice been entirely filled up. 

NOTB 10. 
See the loit uole ut the fuot uf page COO In volume ii. 

Noil II. 

Tliia Bppelinlinn i> very commonly given to Mnghrnbee* in Kjti'pt, breauit* 
vrvat nnmbcn of them pnu through thai country every year on pilgrimage. 



See Note 21 to Cliapler xL 



NoTB 12. 



NoTB 13. 



Aa Cairo cuntaini> *o grrnl n niinilier of ninrkela, I lupposo llie market of the 
Uaghrahee merehBiitj to be here meant. 

Note II. 

From thin and Miine preceding pataage*, it appean that the story of Joodar 
wo* einnpoied after the coiuiueal of Kgypt by the '0*miln!re Turk*, or that it ha» 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTY-SECOND. @35 

fceen attend by a copynL During the uveo dayi before mentioned, Joodw in- 
cumd m debt of ■ hundred and forty nuafa to the baker. He then took at leut 
Idi onul d>3f quantity rfbread, of the value of ten nus&, and gave the baker a 
deenir, or [uece of gold ; and the baker etill owed him tiie value of Iwen^ nuffi. 
Now, toward* the dote of the Cirra«sian dynstty in Egypt, the nuff became Icm 
than a quarter of a dirbem, and more than a hundred and tnenty may have puaed 
tor a deenir. I do not know the preciae period when a hundred and wventy nn^ft 
pa w e d for a deenir ; but it must have been couaiderably later. 

Note 15. 

Nearly all the Maghrabeea are of the Milikee aect.* — The namea mentioned 
in the pataage to which this note refers signify, respec lively, "Servant of [the 
God of) Peace," " Servant of tlie One [Uod]," " Servant of the EtBrna]," and 
"Servant of the Merciful;" and the name of the father, afterwardi mentioned, 
ngniSe* " Servant of the Loving." 

Note 16. 
" El-Ab(an " Menu here to mean " the Most Frofoui^d." 

Note 17. 
■' Eih-Shamardal " signifies " the Tall," &c. 

Note 18. 
" Er-Kaad El-K&fif " signifies " the Loud-pealing, or the Breaking, niundw." 

Note 19. 

Fi« and Miknis (or F£b and Mikn£s, at the names are pronounced by the 
natives) are the two cities called by our geographers " Fei" and " Mequinei." 
They seem to be regarded by our author as one city. 

Note 20. 

See Note 13 to Chapter xvi. 

Note 21. 

Keb&b is mutton or lamb cut into small moraels, which are roasted upon 
skewen. 

Note 22. 

" Rl^meh" here signifies " gift of God's mercy." 

Note 23. 
See Note 65 to Chapter viii. 

Note 2-1. 
See Note 12 to Chapter v. 

* En VtW I Id ihc Inlcoductiou. 



S36 NOTES TO CHAFTER TWENTY-SECOND. 

Note 25. 

The itufied gourds are generally of the size and ahape of a imall cucumber, and 
the itufEng oiually coositts of rice and minced meat, delicately leaioned with lalt, 
pepper, and onions, and often with garlic, pariley. Sec. They are boiled. — The 
■tuffing of the lamb commonly consiits of minced meat (of the same kind), with 
hazel-nut* or piatachio-nuta, &c. — Reapecting kun&feh, kat&if, and bakl&weh, aee, 
respectively. Note C6 to Chapter iii.. Note 23 lo Chapter viii., and Note 22 to 
Chapter viii. 

Note 26. 

This it a common ejaculation of women. 

Note 27. 

Here, in the original, tome words are misplaced, and other* repeated, by a 
miatake of a copyist or compositor. 

Note 28. 

By " the Captain of the Sea of Es-Suweys," which I* commonly called by us 
" Suez," is meant, the chief in command of the ahips of the Red Sea. — That the 
free have sometimes (though very rarely) been lold as slaves, has been ihewn in 
the last paragraph of Note 13 to Chapter i. 

NoTK 29. 
" Z&ffiyeh" is a name given in ^ypt to a smalt mosque. 

Note 30. 

A kowwis (alio written koww&s) is a aergeant, an officer whose businesi it lu 
execute the commands of a magiatrate or any penon in authority. 

Note 31. 
Shema ed-D61eh, like Joodar, ia an imaginary person. 

NoTB 33. 
Juddeb, vulgarly called Jiddeh, is the port of Mekkeh. 

Note 33. 

The compassing of the Kaabeh aeven times is one of the chief ceremonies which 
are required to be performed by every person who enter* Mekkeh, whether he be 
a pilgrim or not, before be attends to any worldly business.' 

Note 34. 
See Note 1 to the Introduction. 

' If mj nsdcr requin Id be Ailly iDformeit oF thv practical here altudvl lo, uid llie iub«*4uaiit 
Gctaiuonin or Ibc pilgiims^, he nisy coniult Burckfaardl, who hu detcribed thorn UDplj Id hli 
"TrivoLi In Arabia." 



I CHArTBR tWENTY- 



237 



N«TK 35. 

M<r shvjkli vhtetTf, in « niupnnl note «n tU» puaiee, ihat whm ■ pcnon 

fau c«Un <if (ha bnad of Anolli^r, tli* furmtr booomM obli^d to the latter, aiiiJ 

, ■■none ihc ihilics which he owe* hitn U thM of taking lm« of him hIuti h« i« 

- abm lu parfunii a jouinej. The Trader may remember a foriim' bute on thii 

Nibjnl.* 

NOTK 3«. 

Ttii* ii eommoDly uid both by the mwUr and hy the Mrvant, when tho lailvi- 
^tt the tora>»r valuouirily, or ia dinniued ; and ihe irply givrn ill cncli cone ii, 
" May Ood aoquit ih«« of rMixmtibilily." Tliu cuituui nervea lu illiwlr«l« unic 
renuuiii in Nole 3<t tu Clinpltr x). 

NoTB 37. 

If Ihia title be not iiitriHliicril by n copyJtt, w muat luppoM that the author 
referred the eventi de»cribcd in thii toie to the timn of the Kholeefeha. 



Non as. 

The wonl» '' and took the two pain of snddle-bagi" I have (r»n"po««d, agrcc- 
aUy villi an opinion of my sheykh, atated in tlie iiinrgin of the original 

NuTB 39. 

White gormenti ate indicative of peace, u well •> of juy. — See Note 78 to 
Cboplcr n. 

NuTB 40. 

My tlieykli qUMtlon* the propriety of inicrting thcac vcnca, m uttered by ii 
King. 

NoTS 41. 

A« a drcH ia given in token of honour or favour, one conferred upon an 
' la a token of niercy. 

NoTi 12. 

'Itttt ii *aid a* a compliment ; for the dowry had not been payed. 

NoTK 43. 

tlte Shcykli ti-liUm i* the chief Mufteo (or Doctor of the Law), the Mufte* 
iif (he capiiaL U'Ohiaon ulalei, thiii ihii title was iir*C conferred by Mo^Hiiiinud 
IL, vhpn he can<|ucired Contlantlnople, in 1453, and tliore Mtabliihi^ the tent ut 
hi* empire. 

Noic H. 

The dittrict of El-Bundiik&neeyecn wns >u called, aci'onling to F.l-Makreoxec, 
bccDiBc it cnntainrd a niuiiber uf ehopn in which cro»-bowm were made. 'Ilir 
fame author rdala that ili ihop* and houiir« were deBtroyeil by a great fire, 

* ilattll ID Vtu|iiei It. 



S38 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWKNTY-NECOKDl 



in iht year of tW night 751 . The name, dif^tly cbnnged (to El-nundiikdneeyoli, 
which is synoTiymou* wilh Ihe former iiBin(r,.>i|;iiifying "the croii-bav-mnkcn "), 
in sUIl rptAiiied. The »itiiatioii of ihii dlMricI in noiir llie welMiiiuwii KliSu of El- 
yomiAnoo, lUlil in between the qunitcr of tlic Jcwi nnd tlic principiU ttcevt uf Ihw 
ei^. 

NOTK 45. 

El-Makrceeee (Utet, thut the quartFr of El-Joodareeyeh. or (a* the name t* 
pronounci'il liy On" itifi«bil*iit« of Cairo) F.l-Ooo4nre«j«h, wub to ralk'd uftci a 
iToop thui nnini-d, nnc of the Iroopa of the army of ilie Klinlecfcihi of Ihn hoiMi of 
Fitimeh. He doei not mention th»l it wna previouily cnlled the quarter of El- 
Yem&iieeyeh : to I giippuee till* wu not the cute. It is Bitiuited not far ii-om the 
Kliiin of E1-lI*niiHvrv (mcntionod in the note i mined ialcl y preciitling), to wmiI( 
the toulh-irciL 

Not* 4«. 

Tha period during which a widow mutt wait before >hc can contract a new 
marriage it hen meant. It it torn monlhi and tm day*. 

SoT» 47. 

Next folWi^ in tny orifti""!. the Story uf 'Ajnrb and Ghareeb, a long tnle. 
en^g wilh part of the Six Hundred and Eightieth Night ; mueh reicmbling the 
romance of Seyf 7,n-\-y**'-n. Il« Hiliji>et«, iilmosl exclusively, are niptTliuman 
exploit* in wnr, nnd other cx(rDva}[niil udvcnliirei of men niid Jinn, rrhited in mioh 
a manner that Van Hammer considers the itory oi an ironicnl latirc upon the br- 
li«f inficnii <anctianed by the Kur-itit, and upon the propngntton nf el-Inl&m by 
compiUnion. In this point of view, he regitrds it lu extremely ciirioiiii, and il 
would, I duiibt nut, inleietl muiiy Cngllxh rvmlent ; but 1 consider il so inferior to 
iiiuKt uf ihe lalea of the Thouinnd And One Night*, thiit I huve no hositAtion in 
nmilling it. — Then followi a seriei of thirteen onccdotei, endinfj with purl of the 
Sis Hundred nnd Ninety- eighth Night. Of these I here insert only four. 

'Otbch and Iteiya." 

It il related that 'Abd Allah the son of Maamar Cl-Keysee loid, I performed 
the pil][rimiigc, one year, to the sncred Hou*« nf God ; f and when I had accom- 
plished my pilgrimiijte, I returned to viiit the tomb of ilie Prophet (may God 
lavunt nnd preserve him 1} : and n* 1 woi, one night, aitlinj; in the R64ah,J between 
the tomb and the pulpit, I heard n gentle Ininentutlon, uttered in a tatt ton« ; m 
1 listened to it, and ihe voice mid,— 

Hall) the moaning of iho pigeons of the lote-lree Mddened ther. and excited 
anxioni thought* in thy bosom ! 



■ "Id tui«l ila etrcd ti;(TdaLr ni lout ii-Wil ir Oitmt nneettvi Au ch«ri]k^nEpDmii*tfVaaVt Uja, 
psrlfcMtbn DJvnl. tidiini M. dcOiFi; sdonnt ui» IttgiaU Iim)u«1cid cunilc pmlvmldiB* ia 
Inumal .Ualique. p. Itt." (MeW In TrtbulUn's lanlu. MD* lU. p. Mr.) 

> Tlie TmiH» •' M^ktali. 

I " KAittti* ittniflet "s tSKlrn." Th[t nsnu i< tlienlnspularihs luMlbein pwlicanf Ui>ai»l 
mnqin ef El-N*'1n^ih, txriiiH llii ■■mphvl Hid. "IWiwhii m; lomb (nil m; pnl|>il Is ■iirdcD nl 
lb* pMfDS nf findlH " — sb> lliitckliuiiri AiitiU. pttt )!>. 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTY-SECOND. 



saa 



Or doth lh« reniciiibranc; uf ■ beuutvoiu ilamapt. uliu liulli cnuwd thcc 
troublci of mind, di«tiirb then ! 

nighl. tliut art tvdiouii lo oni> consOntly ditordctEJ, compUmin;; «r dc«itc 

an<l oflhc failure of [latieiice, 
Tbmi but rendered him slct'ploB who ia nttToring tbc fire of a lore lb*t 

buniplb like nd-liot coaliT 
TIi« full union iH^nrrlb u'liiicsa lliat I niii engroucd by love of one who 

resemhleili tbe full moon. 

1 thought nul mj'Bulf ihtu ciigruwivd by love uulil I vrai aUlicli^d when I was 

Dot Bwve uf it. 

Then the Toico ccaacd, and I know not whence il cnme In me; wlierpfurv I was 
perplexed ; and prwently th« compUincT repeated tbe lamentation, and recited 
Ihm:— 

Hath ibe pliantoni of Heiya, vUlling. uiddened tliee. in the tWck durkneii of 

black-bairrd nigUtf 
And )iath love rendered Ihinc eye tletplRM, and (lie pliantom- visiter agilalvtl 

iby heart r 
I excluiiried to my night, whose dorkneat rctembkd a ko in which iwclling 

VBVci were daihing, 
O night, thou art tcdiom to a lover unto whom tbcrc 1* no aauater or helper 

nave tliv luoniiiig ! 
But the night repllpd. Complain not of my linglh ; for love I* tbe preient 

caiuc of abjcciion. 

I aroie and went to ward* him on Mi commencing the rrcilation of tUeu vetwM, 
prori-ediiig lowarda the quorlcr whence the voice came, and be bad not ended the 
ivrtea h('for<> I wm by Uiin, when I aaw a young man of the tilmoti beauty : the 
down of the iiidca of hiji face bad not b^giin lo grow, and tean had made two tracka 
down hiii cheek*. I oaicl 1« biin, An excellent yoimg man art thou '. tie replied. 
Anil ibuu too. itut who, he uikcd, ia the man before ine ( I annwcrcd 'Abd 
Allah the ton of Maamor El-Ktyiee. — DoKt iliou want anything? Mid he. I 
aniwered, 1 woi aitiing in ibe RAdith, and iiniitibt unrpriivd me but lliy voice. 
With my Lfe would I riinnnn lliec. Wbui ii ii (bat iliou luflereitf — He uid, Sit. 
So 1 tat; and bt nujd, 1 ain 'Otheh the wn of Iilt-Ilobiili* (lie xon of El-Muiidliir 
ill* Mn of El'JaniuuIj the Anfdrre.f I went in the morning to Uu- Mfxjtd el- 
A^iib,! and cnntinurd niy incllnatlnna and jirontraliou* ; ancr which I witbdrcn' 
«liM»e lo occupy myietf witli devotion ; and lo, tome women carne along, walking 
with a racillating gait, reaembling moona, and in llie nildat of thtim wm a damial 
ofmrprUng b>veliiieu, of perfect beauty, who itopped before me, and taid to me, 
O 'Olfaeb, what ny«*t thou o( union with tlie perton who dcnrcth union with thee t 



* la (bi *rt(<n*l. ElJcUa : «inteMd bj my iherkh. 

1 Tlw dttHniiviU i>r Ukhh Fluuni at U-MiHl>i>i»h oIid uiliiid ih> Prvt>h>i wti*n >i> ■» abllffHt 
tott boo Hiikiti uc cullid '-AufarcBi.' (ram -Aniii.' tthicb ilipilUn " Aultunli." 

I Am«*«»al ei-Mxlxneh, II U il»«Ilwt " M«)iil d-Fx (i" U aunt likoiu flxta la unnl 
MMqOM la itendiUbourbooil of ilui lieit alliUM Id), aad " ia-»>4Id>|.Aii>i.~ «id It tltoiM iiron 
IktiUilittretevaUdttuI wl)icliitHr<>mH]xotlM-J*l>elB«lt.'an<]l>noi', "tnt Muniktt." Thn* 
t«tUulin I iHtn Hem K>-1tHin)iiK>d«'i HUloiy at El->ffiltrii*h {» MB- In mi (««.tlun. tollUe* 
■■ KlmUfal il-Wrii (M AKhlilii Otr KI-MuiWi"), («mi.irnf wllh llurclhiiJl'i OMCiliiUoo uf IhM ellj. 



240 NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTY -SECOND. 

Tlien ihe left mc And ilrportcd, and I huvt iiut iivaril any tidlugt uf li«r, nor havt 
I dbcovered «iiy Imce of licr; and I am pcrplrxiid, icmoving from plac» (o pinco. 
^Hiving sud [hit, lie iTl«d out. lUid Ml down upon llic ground in b fit. and ith*t> 
ha recvvervd, he iru u though liii chock* ««rc died with MiflVon ; ■ and he i«cil«l 
lliCM reraw : — 

I tec you with my bcnrt from diiunt tracti. Do you alw tn m with t\>< henrt 

from afar? 
My hvnrt ucid my «yn are arrowing for you : my »aul i) with you, and yon 

nrc ever in my mind. 
I ihuiUd not drlight in life wiiliout geeiiig you, vvvn wore I in Pkradiw, or 

the Uardeu uf Eternity. t 

Upon lliii I luid to him. U 'Olbch, O lun oF my brollicr. turn with repentance unto 
thy Iiord, »nd lirg ih> forg^vciicni of ihlnu iilfrnc^ ; for ilion liam to npcrii'iicv llie 
drcadfiil irini of thn judgmont bcforn God, Rul he rrplit^d. Far be It (Vnin uie to 
do Ml I I ahal) not ccoio to love until the two itnriidh-gnthcrcn return, t — I re- 
RioinM o'ith him until dsybreiik. wlirn I auid to liiiii, Ariii' Hiid ncruinpstiy uji to 
th* Haijld [ol-AhiAh]. And wr >nl there tintil we perfunneil lliu noon-pr^cr* ; 
and lo, the vromvn came ; but u to ibc dnnttcl, ilic wai not among tllcm ; and 
ihoy laid, O 'Otiich. wliat thiliWeBl thou of hiT who dciirctli union with lliec f He 
•aid. And what of her ! Tliey iiniwervd. Her futhcr liulh tukrii htr, and dqiorlw) 
to E»^emiw«h.| And 1 Hiked tliem what wan the name of the damiel. Hi«jr 
aiuir«nd, Reiya ihc daughtir of El-Ghitreef Ki-iiukaicc. || And he raited hi* 
luadf and recitfd tlicw two versca : — 

O my M«ud, Relya hath hnttcncd in the morniog, and to the diiirici of F.>- 

Scm&weh her cnravan hath gone. 
O my fripiid, I have (uiiiti»l by rofttun <it my woeping. Hath any one ela^ 

tiitn, n tear that I may bomnr I 

I thru wild to hlin, O 'Olbuh, I linvc brought with me great wealtii. with which 
T dt«ire to protect the gsnnroux fl-om diigmce. By Allah, 1 will expend it for tlice, 
that thon ninyeit attain thy desire, nnd more than tliy desire. Arise then nod 
Bceompany us to the nuembly of the Aii>4iee«. — Wt therefore arose and proceeded 
tintil we beheld their oMcmbly, when 1 »nlulcd them, nnd they returned iha talulatlon 
eouit«ni»ly ; after wliii;h I tAid, O nucnihly, wlint iny ye of 'Otbch ond hi« father? 
They anowercd, Of the chieft of the Arabi. And 1 naid. Know ye that lie hath 
been smitten with the calamity of love, and I desire your aid and cuinpaiiy to 
E»-SeniSweli, Tlicy rtjilioil, We hear and obey. So we muniited, and the parly 
mounted uiib tin, and we prueeeded uiiltt we enme In night of the abode of the 
nenoe .Suleyni, when Kl-Gliitrccf became acijUDintcd with our pluce, iwd came 

• Ths vuil shkli lluve rtDdeicd "ulTMiir ii "irui." Tka "mn" tauU to bt pMulUi lo XI- 
Tunea: but ilie mm* of "wmT liclHU id lb* " eaicatas' of Mlm oouDtrlti, 

t Srt vol. I ptRT In. 

; Two nurnwvnt lotth to^Um ^uajli, and nmt ntunitd : henni!icpn>>ctlji*l*ipi<HlMlB ia» 
uti. " )(«iiil'>" '> >>" nduoT >b> IhilKif Iheiut CntnoM KltMlfi nl Lliinsui) nut ol ibelMnt 
of itii aelim (mlniHB !!••■ of PDnaat), 

r I "Ei-flemtveb." Vn>rr1lnf[ lit fn^ tbvjkh. U tSr puna at% vidDiltocrl rnu-nvcbl. vhkti 1 tuppcoe 
to bo HI »l1r>i1 Itnni Iti Minn u1jiu>nl id * plioi bmlrii Ilib nitni nii Iht tuulli-*rtl lank of the 
Kuphaui, bclwnn El-Bofrili mil H-KoelUl. 

1 TUMU, ""f ihetiihrnf ilie BtMeBukjrm,' II lurronaowlf •tnimln mjrorljlnsl "'lliilornw*.* 



HOTBS TO CHAPTER TWBNTV-BECONDi 



iHI 



fonk ill haate and mH tti, Myuig. May y« live, O cracroui men ! We replit^, And 
■boa, majMtlbuu live! WtunlliyguesM. — Aiidhewld. Y«linreulij;hi4id«luii>oM 
liotfltriklfv wnplc abode. And he oliglilnJ, and caiUd out, O company of ilaveo, 
come dMTti ! So tbe a\am nm« doirn, and tli«>- ipread the Mm and jilcci'd the 
yilliMnV and aUugUtered the rallle nnil th« tlieep, Uiii we inid, We wit) not (aste 
ihy fiwd uaitt lliou iJi.iil have pprfiirmad our wniiU — And wUnl, »Hld lie, i« your 
null! W* ansvercd. We demand in mnrrio^e tliy gcnonniii ilnnglilEr tat 'Othch 
Ik ton of El-IIob&b the Kin of El-Mundhir, lh« high In nnhility, the good in 
crigin. And h« rvpli«d, O n>y brvlhi'rt, she u'lioiii ye dennLiid in marriage ii at 
her own ditpuwl, acid I will go In anil inf<irni lier. Tlirn lie niute in oiifjer, and 
went in lo Iteiya. So >hc mid. O my fiithcr, whcnfurn do I t,cf nngrr npparsnt in 
thf comtvnanoef And lie ouiurered. A party o( Ihv Anf&reci tiavc come to me^ 
dcntanding llieu of ino In ninrringe. Slif tcgiliod, Tlivy urv grneroui cliirrx. I 
twg for^vmfm Tut them of ihe Prophet, on whom be the nio*t excellent ■nlntniion^ 
uid peace! And forvbom *inong them, ihc odted, i> the demand ! — He answered 
her. For n youth known by tlie nnme of 'Otiieh, the son of KI-ltob£b. Shcrqilied, 
I liave beard of llii« Olbrli, thnt lit- pi-rrunnelh tliat which lie pruniiBulh, and 
•tiaiiMlh ibat wldch hr •ci'krtlt. lint he *aiil, I <weur that 1 will never marry 
lliM to hint ; for Minic of thy converantian with hjiii hath hoen ret>ortcd to nie. — 
What v«i thatt ihc oikcd. But, she lulded, 1 iwcar that the AniArcet »hall not 
be rejeeled in o foul inoiiner: (o givu tlii-in a fair reply. — Howl laid he. Sha 
•iiiweml, Make llie iliiwry heavy to tliein i for then lliey will dnut. And ho 
rapUeil. How «XMll«nt It iJiat which ihoii liait iiaid ! Thvn \ie v/enl fnrlli in haite, 
Mid «Btd, The daniael of the tribe hnih coiiHntcd ; bnt she deureth a dowry lik* 
bcndf. and who enn give it? — 1. amwcred 'Abd Allah. And he said, I deiircfor 
her a Ihouiand bracclelJi of red guld. and five tliouBOiid dirhemit of the coin of 
Hijer,» and of burdioiid hebcrehtt n hundred piece?, and live skina of ambergrit. 
— Tltoii ahaJi have this demand, suid 'Abd Allah : then doit tliou consent I He 
NVw«nd, I ilo coiiaeiil. 

'Abd Allah thorcbrc acnl (omc pcnona of lh« Anfftrf es to the Illumined City.t 
and ibey brought all Ibal he hod guamnteed to give. The euttli' nnd the sheep 
wti* ■Uughtered, nnd the peqilc atacmbled to eat the food.^Wc continuiid in thla 
itate, uj* 'Ahd Allah, forty, dayai Hder which El-tihijrnf Maid, Take ye your 
danxL So we mounled lier in » h6daj ; and he ftiniiilied hi'r with lliirly cainuU 
ladtn witb rsritie*. Then lie hade m r«tewell, and dcpitrled ; anil wv proceeded 
UBllI tberc rnnained between ut and the Illumined City one day's jonmey ; where* 
upon iherc nunc forth again*! ui a parly of liursemcn, with intent lo plunder, and 
I knafiae that thej were of the Ilenee Sulcyin. So 'Otbeh the son of Kl-lfiib&b 
rluiifMl upon them, and slew a number of men. and he turned away, wounded by 
■ tlinul uf a Rjicnr. Tlieu he fell to the eaith ; uud uuiatiuicv come to us from the 



• Ttac K (vliml U H*)r. (Net* br mj ihtTkh.) 

» Tt» " Iwilltti." wUth li adntlcplM*. Hiiunepl. «( Iha kloil c>U«d " taid," h sa sblnif plssf 
MlbMk VKlIm •iDir, md w (nivlnp itir twiljr tiyili;. lad tlnj u • iiIlW lliilllin. snd cvnenllr 
bmm aifnxub. Ii ippcm la hir* l»rn. In mH[«i ilnw i, ilwip ittlpsdi butiem* mmlvtii liiiidtiM 
sn pTsIn, nd oUmts bat* alrlixa act lummt Had a*ar taffttbvf thilsl 4 llltls dUuni^ Ua' ■luffApiwon 
lo be<if ons Mlunr. The i^iipliiii'i tmidili b dtKHbod u stHiul Htan (nt and ■ linlf In Isnnlh, sad 
tiiiu 4Dd shtir irr vUlti, — TLe " tivt«rrti" is a kJfiil vt bufd of tbc nuumfju-'lurir -A l!l'VvRieij. Ii ts 
□al to liM rfflirmmilpd vLth Iht moOtm " ti4luiTnh," whtrh f^ nicnlloiied [n S*At J to Cbtplor 111-, uid 
fvtUaU^I davcflbad In laj vnrk an thv Mailroi t^jpllani. 

I 11 Mdiueh U.c ' Ui I'lij'i. ailjtaill) rillnl - Vrlhilb," liUMnial ■ppilliUiiDi of Ihls kinit. 

VOL. III. 1 I 



^^^w 



KOTSS TO CHAPTBR TWCNTY-SGCOND. 



inlmbilanU uf lIiHt )uiri, niid tLv}- rvpcUni rnim lu tlia liunvinvn. But Otbeh hod 
taivd hii dnya. and wc u'ld. Alni, '0[be)i ! Tlia i]ani*«) (hcnfarc heard thii, tnd 
she cult liciidf down from lli« caiimI, Uktaw liarwlf upon him, and cried out in 
atiguiih, aiid nrpeatcd (hc«c vcnei; — 

I ufTHCIcd pntiftit'e ; but I wu not putitnt : I only begiuled myiciri (ur I tin 

about to juiii t!i«v. 
Had my (Oul acted jiuily, it, ratbvrlhao any of the craatiali, had gone bvFora 

thcc to deilnictian. 
Afl«r in« and llic*^, thervfutc, none will b« jutt to ■ Mend, not aoul agiM with 

M)Ul. 

Then alie uttered one groan, and Iirr day« vmre ended. So <rt dug for tbem one 
gnve. and InteTrvd llirin, und 1 rtrturiirU lu tin- country uf my peoplv, vlier* I re- 
Bialll<d Mven jvsn; ufteT which 1 went uguin to Uii^ I,lrjAi,* and entered tho 
llllimlMd Cily to Ti«it; 1 and 1 Mid, By Allah, I will go again to the tomb of 
'Otbeh. And I enme to it, and lo, aver it wai a toil tree, on which were ted and 
yelluw aJid green ittipt of itufT; ; aud I said to the iiihabilaiils of tho [adjacent] 
lialiirig-placf, What ia iIiIb tree cnlledT Tlicy aiiiiwfri'd, The Tree of the Bridc- 
(;Tnam and Bridp. Anil I reiiiaincd by tho loinl) a day and a night, and departed. 
Thin wai the lui that 1 knew of 'Otbeh. May God (vrho«c nunc be exalted!) 
have mercy on him ! 

« 

■ Ttie Ifilit I* Uut tugt mt ftmoiu pivvtnc* uf AuUa cmlaiulpi Ibi iws aurtd giliw, HiklLub 
■ud ID-MMlrinin. U«njaplion dtlii nmrli « is Ita Uuut. 

I That la. lerlitl tbi iDmbof Itan I'tnphot, 

I Bueh tu^v* < >u<" "tttn mn u|<i>u iicct by Itw Inmbi st ululi. U) iiii|uiriM nevci pnrani (n 
ai« Hty liiforiDtTJoii TopvolnE tlicni^ fimbtr ihuj iLit, ilkai Lhcj Ht/c menly mmiuriAli of^^ittn 




'V»rJ-,-7 i.-* 



MOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTV-SKCOND. 



«48 



'Ekrimch and Kliuicyinvh. 

There WM, in the dAj-i of the Prince at the Pftilhful, SiilopnAn ihe ton ot 'Abd 
K-M«lik,» a rann ramwl Khuzrymcb tbc ion of Hinhr, of tlin irihe of Iho Bniea 
Aud, nho wim cli>lliig\iiiclio(l l>y iniuiift^Bt gtiicroahy. and abundant ircullh. nnd 
IxcDpficcnce nnd kindiiru to liii lircihrrn. Ho cuiitiinii-il {h\m unlil niiBforlunc 
crippled him. »o tliat he bpcnmc in rcrd of llip juiiiliincc of iii« brplhicii lowBtds 
whom hp lisd excrcited hii generofity, and whom he hnd comfoited ; and Ihey 
comforted him k H-hile ; hut ufin tlini, (h«y brcaine wcnry of liim. And when 
tbtir ftltercd conducl townrda liim apppBred urilo hlin, hn wriit to his wife, wha 
w« the dnughtrr of his patprti*! unclp, and imid to ht-r, O dnughlrr of my uncle, 
I itMtt experienced from my lircihrrn u chnngp i)f condiKl, nnd I liave determined 
U> Mnfinr myielf lo my hniuc imtl! drnth ahnlt ooinc to nic So hp clixcd his dour 
■pan himself, nnd proceeded to miitain himsolf hy llic prnviition tlial he hud inilil 
it WU coodiimed, «hm he hccftme perplexed. 

Now 'Ekrimeh El'Feiyidt Er-Riil>a'«, lh» Guvecnor of El-Jc»eefeh, ] knew 
faim ; *nd na he was in liia hall nf aueinbly, Khu/^ymi'h thf *un uf Bitihr whs men- 
tioned, and 'Ekrimeh EM'eiyild uid, In what itale i* ho! Sn thry anawrrcd 
kim. He liBtli become rcrduccd lo a ciMidition not lo be deicribed ; he hntli cliiied 
hM door, Ri»l cunfiued himself to his Iiuubc. L'pun thin. Xkiimch El-Feiyiid utid, 
Thii hnlh hnpprned tn him nnl)' in con*e(|iieii«i> of liln rxofuilvci gencrUBity. nnd 
how ii il that Khiizeymch llie »on of Bishr findelh not n comforter nor a fulfiller 
of Ilia duty I Tlii^y replied, IIv hath fuunit nolhing of the kind.- — And when night 
eamc. he took fnnr thouutnd pieces of gold, and put them into one tog. Then he 
giTe orden to laddlc hii beoit, went forth secretly Irom hit fHmily, and mounted, 
attended by one of hit young men cmrying the money. Ho proceeded until he 
tUjpiMd at titr door of Khuzeymeh, whori he took the piine from hia young ninn, 
and, IWTbig t«ii him to a di'tnncc from him, advanced to the door, and puihed it. 
So Khun-ymeh cnme forth to him, nnd he handed to him the bui;, Mjing lo him. 
Amend srith this thy circuraslancet. He therefore look it, find lie fuuiiil it to be 
btary ; whereupon he put it down from hit huiid. and laid hold of the bridle of the 
Iw — I, Mjing to 'Ekrimeh, Who art thuii ! May my iwinl Iw thy lacrifice ! — But 
'JCkrimeh replied, O thou, I came not to then in such a time ai ihl» and desire 
|k*l thou *boii1dtt know mo. Khiixeymeh rejoined, Then 1 will not releaw ihne 
until thou inform me who thou art. So he said, J am n repairer of (he dips of ilic 
grncroui. — .And tell me more, laid Khtixeymeh. — No. replied 'Ekrimeh. 'Hien 
he departed. And Khuzeymeh went in with (he b.ig to the daughter nf his uncle, 
and Mid lo her, Rejoice at good tiding* ; for God hath brought speedy relief, and 
wealth; for if these be piecei of tilver. they are many. Arite und tigbtaUmp. — 
But she replied, lliere it no meant of lighting the lamp. So he pasted the night 
feeling the coint with hit hand, and he felt the rouglinem of pieces of gold, yet 
believed not that tlioy were pieeei of gold. — As lo 'Ekrimeh, however, he returned 
tn liii abode, nnd found that hit wife hnd missed him. and atked respiTling him, 
nnd been informed of his having ridden forth ; wherefore hIio anspvcti^d him for thia 
eonduel, and doubled oif him, and luild (o liim, The GoTamor of El-Jcxeerth goelh 

• A.D. :ii-ii!, 

* ~n-r«1il4" lllersi); dfiiian " ill* Ot«Bowlat.* 'BtihnthmwnlM on wnunl vfUtrf*- 
Ihut masiAeeao*. 

I UnoTOUnliL 



S44 



KOTKS TO CHAPTEB TWBXTT-SECONa 



nol li>rt)> >')«' ■> prriud of Iht i>i};Iit, wlltiiiul Iiih young nirti, iiiiliinwii lo hi* fxiiily, 
•arc to a iriGr or n cani'iiliitK!. He n^iilicd, Gcxt knoireth Oxnt I wrnl nut fiirth 
unto cillier of ihotc tvn. And ilic laiil. Tril mv Tor wliat piirpoK tlmn vcnttti 
[brth> Ho replied. 1 wtiit nut furtli at thi* liiii* tuv<> \i\ otilvt tiaX no one iliuuld 
know il. But ihe rejuiiieil. I niii't b« inrorn>«d. lit Hfui), Wilt tliou oanttnl tlia 
ihlng if I tell thri-r Sli« annweci'il, Yri. So he aciunintrd her with Uic tUtc of 
the ciac, and »itli llinl which hi; hud done ; otter which he loid. Du>t thou with 
Ibat 1 alititild tvcar lo tlirc nlin ? She nnswcrcd. So, no ; for mj' lieurt hath be< 
come at ease, and htXh rrVwd upon thai which thou hast itated. 

But an lo Khiixpjnieli. when he nroie in the motniiif;. he nppemed the crrdi- 
ton, and piil in order his atriin- Then he e'luipjuid hiiiiwlf, desiring tu rppnir la 
SiilcyraAn the jou of 'Abd El-Nf ehli, who «a« then gojouriiicig In Fxln»tecn ; • ni>d 
vliFii he stopped Hi liln door, nnd begged pcrmiHion of hii chamhcrhuni to ruler. 
■ clianiberluin wfnt in and informed the Khsieefch of hii being there. An he wim 
ceUbrbtcd fov gencruiity. and Suleym&n knew him. lie gave liifil p«Tniiii>i(iii in 
#nI*T ; nnd on hif entering, he tuiluled Sulryin&n with tli<> unlutalion imiuI to Kiithc- 
fchi ; t wliereupoii SidryniAn the >on of 'Abd TU-Mrlili itaid to him, O Khuxcymeh, 
what hiilh kept ihi-f to long from ii> ? lie anincrcd, The evil xiatc of my aUiun. 
—And what, mid ihc Khnlcefch, prevented thy having rerourse to iwf H» 
■nrnrend. My inHnniiy, () Prince of the Fiiithfiil. The KliiLteefeb laid, Tlj«i> lioW 
b if that tluKi hiul come now ? — Know, O I'rince of the roitliftil, h' nniwcrcd, that 
I WB« In my hou*?. aftrr a portion of the nighl had etiipi»i>d, and lo, n mnn knocked 
•t the door, and thua nnd ihiu did he.— .^nd he ncfiuainled him with his ttory 
fiDin frrit tu luit; ami iiuleyin^ii uid, KnonoBt llioii the man' Kliuieymeh 
aniwered, I do nut know liim, (> Prince of llin Faithful ; fi>t hu <KUt proud, and 1 
liMird not of hi* Kperrh nnght but hii any Jnft, 1 am a repairer of t3ie flip* of the 
^etirroiut. Ujinti tlila. SnltymAn the ton of 'Alid Rt-Melik hiirtitd and sniioiMly 
longed Ui know him, and >aid, If we knew him, we would requite him fur hin 
kindiim. Tlien lie lied an etiBtgri I fur KliiiiseyDieli, the son of Biihr. and appoinlcd 
hiiii Oovenior of El-Je/terch, in the plsee of Hkrimeli El-i'iijid. 

So Khuieymeh went forth on Itii way to F.UJrzecre)i, xnA wh«n he drew near 
lo it, 'Bkrimeh came forlJi and mci him, nnd llic people of El-JciiHir»li a]to cntno 
nut lu meet him, nnd they uluted one unotlicr. 'I'hcy tlien procMded all k^ethfr 
until Khuivyaii'li (nured lli« cilx, and alighlnl at the govern men t-haiiX', when 
h« gar* ordtn that a guaranle* *liould be taken on Ihe piirt of 'Ekrinich, nnd thnt 
h« thotild bo called to account. Itc wo*, therefore, called to accuiinl, and Khu- 
Koyinoli found liim to owe Urgt txtmt of money, and required him lo pnj- Ihiin ; 
hnt he uild, I have no mean* nf paying aught. — They inuat be paid. luid Klmiey- 
nich- 'Ekrimch replied, The mnnejr ia nol in my poRnettiun ; no do ni thou ttilL 
And Khuzoymeh gave order* to inkc him lo priion, and aent tu him again, 
TViiuiritig him to pay what he owed. Bui he acnt back, layjng lo him, I atn not of 
thoao who |>rtMrvv their wealth by nacrilicing their honour; to do a* thou will. 
And Khiizeymch ordered that bin feet uliould be jliiickled with irona, nnd thoi he 
aliDiiId be kept in priion; nnd he reinaitied n niunlli, or more, until that ttcotmcnt 
fnuLeiatcd liint. nnd liia impriionmenl nfHicled hint.; 



• FnlMlae. I Saylnit. " P»m be nn thur, o \-tMiralihr PWiifull" 

I mitt w* uauaj ««*mOTi> on tlit iHcuInn ortppotnllnjE fcOovrriigr utAprorliuv. 

I IWupi n ilHuld durtvv «mi neiu* fM KhuMfmih Itna Die lntraUuit at bit Irlinta. 



_l 



Then ill formation of bin itittc nachnd llii^ ilAiiglitcr of liii unci'.',* nnd alie irn* 
grirvcd tli«rvHl extremelj, and, hovmg called nn emnncipntcd fcninio rfiivc who 
had hrlongrd tii lirr, wlio wus rndawfit wilh aluiidnnt intcllrct nnd knowledge, 
■hr uid li> her, do immpdinWly lo tlie door (if llii- Emecr Khun-ymeh ihc Mn of 
BiiihT, sikI uy, 1 luve nn udiiiiiiiiliuii to give : — mid if any one aik it of the^. 
T^ljr, I will not tell il uvr ta lh(i Emcpr. Tli^ii, wlieii tliuii httil goat In lo him, 
denund of him n privntc interview: and ulicn ihoil nrt olonR nltli hint, uy to 
hirii, Wliat i« LliiH derti llinl (hiiii liunl done ? Was the reijuilol tlmt ihe TL-pttirer 
of the *Iipi of ihr gnnsrniiii »hould receive nf lli«e iiuughl >uvv llij ri-qiiiliii); him 
wilh Ni'CTe iinpriionment and itrail eonftnement in imni.' — I'hn firmftio ilnvc 
Cbenlbre did ai «he commiLndcd ; and wlien Kliuzej-nieh henril her wordi. he 
etilad out with hi* )i>uili.-at tuicc, Mm, my biiivnt^BS I Verity he ia the persun I — 
Sh* rrpllrd, Vei. ^o ho gm* erUvn i)iinii'dl*(i']y tn hring hiH bvRnl, and it not 
Mddjed i and hn Hiiiimniicd thr chief mrn nf (he city. Iitoiighl tlirm together to 
him, md went vtlh them to the door nf the prison, niul opened it. Khutcymch 
and tlioK who were nith liim enlervd. u[id lliey law 'Ektinivh tilling, changed in 
condition, the beutiiii; and utHictioii tlial he Hnffered having emaciated him ; and 
m\ifn iic behi'ld Klinzcymch, tl>r light nbnahcd him. nnd ho hnn^ down lil> hrnd. 
Bu( Khmeyinch approached, nnd llitew liimieK upon 'Kkrimch'i head, kuoing 
iL So 'Ekrimeh raised his heud touurds liim. and said lo liim, Wliut hulh nccn- 
donod llil» wndnct of liiino' lie annwered. Tliy t;i'n*rimi aciionn, nnd my evil 
TcqiliLjil. And 'Kkrlnioli rt'|ilird, May Odd forgive u» and thoc! Tlirti Khniey- 
meh commanded tho jailor to loono Ihe clmini from him. and onloiod lll.il lh*y 
vhould be pul npon his own feet; whereupon 'Ekrimeh *ald, What i* tliii that 
thon detiTi'tt to do I He uniwered, 1 deaire that 1 may niHcr like u thou bast 



Hlfirir«. 



246 



SOTES TO CHAPTEH TWENTY -SECOND. 



rafftrvd. But 'Ekrimch tiiiil, I coiijuir tbrc by Allah lliol ihou il« it not ! — T)ipii 
ihry oil vFnl furtli. and proci-cMird unlil tlicy niiircd al the msmion of KliUKj:- 
nwh, whvn 'Ekriiiivli badv liiiii fHrvwell, anil dr«lr^d to dt-part Khiii«yiii«ili, 
however, prvvenlf il liin dfiinj; in ; niul 'EkTimch uid, K'tint Aofl tlmu deiirr t He 
iu)ili«ri>d, 1 driird to clmiigc thy condition ; for my ■hami? wiih mpcct ta thr 
dBU)(htpr of iliiiie uncle ii grralcr tban my *ham« with rtapcpi to tiicc. He then 
gtw orders to clr&r the bnlh. So lliirjr clMred il, and (liry viitored tugvlher, 
mid Kliintcymvb hiin>c!f tenrd 'Ekrimfli. After that, they went fdrth, and 
Khuieymeli bcBtuwvd upon 'Ekrinifh b auiiipluoii* drew, moutikd him upon • 
bea«l,'nnd. conveying itiih him a large *um of money, went with him l« hi* hotinc, 
B1>d bcggtd hi) permiiisinn to cxrnne himtelf to thr daii{>hl«T of hli nncic ; and he 
£d txeUM hinnelf to her ; uftrr wbicli. he jukcd 'Ekrimch to gp with him to Suley- 
m&n the «on of 'Abd Kl-Mrtik, who vrw then slaying al Er-Katnleh,* and be con- 
sented to do so. 

They bolii procfleded nnlil llicy rnnie to Siihiymilii lh« mm of 'Ahii EI-M<Hk, 
when Iht ehoniberlain entered, and ncquaintrd btm vilb the arrival of Kbuisymeh 
th* ton of Bishr ; and this alarmed him, and he loid, Doth the Govemtir of EI- 
Jetcereh come without our order! This is on neeounl of nouftht inTc a ^eat 
occurrence I — And hv gave bitn perminion tn enter; and when he entered, he 
said tubiin,bt!fiir« bi< bad Hnluted him, What tidingn bringett thou. O Kbuzeymeh! 
Mo anawerrd him, Good, O Prince of the Failbfiil. — And what hnth brought iheef 
naid the Khalcrfch. He aniivcred. I have got the repnlier of the ullpg of the 
gciieroiu, and 1 wished to rejoice thee with him. having >een thine anxioua desire 
to know him, and thy longing to behold him. The Kholccfek said. And who ii liet 
And he siuweTed, 'Ekrimeh El-Friy£4- ^'' ''^ guvv him pennitaion to approach; 
and ho approached, and sainted bim as Khntecfch ; and the Khalcrfeh weleoan«d 
Iiim, caused him to draw nrar to the place where be nat, and said lo him, O 
'EkjiiTii'h, thy good action to liim na> nonght hut a trouble to tbyarlf. Th«n 
SulcyniiSn »oid, Write nil ihy wants, and everything that thou reijujreil, in a note. 
And be did ao ; and the Khalcefeh gave orders to accomplish all that he rcqiurcil 
immediately. Hogavr onlerR also to present him with ten thousand piece* of gdd, 
besides the needful things that lie had written, and twenty chesU of clothei, which 
were also in addition to ihe thinjii'a thni he had nriltvn; afiet which, he called for a 
■pear, and tied for liim an eniijtn, as Governor of El-Jeiecreh and Ii-mcnneoyob f 
and Adlirabvejtin ;I and he sitid lu him. The case of Kbuxeymeh is submitted to 
thee: If ihon vUl, ihoii shall cnnilmi him ; and If Ihou will, ihuu nhalt displace 
him. 'Ekrimch replied, Nay, I will reitore him lo his pout, O Prince of the 
PaltliTul. TTien ibey both departed from him; and they ccancd not to be 
Goveman under SuleyniAn t1i« ton uf 'Abd El-Mellk as long as he was 
Khaleefeh. 

[Of lour nneedotes which I here omit, the last la that of Ihribevin E]-MA}ilee 
and the Devil, which I have already related, in page •2T,i of (be firat volume of 
ihii work. Al the lime of my inserting it there, I had not received from Cairo 
ilia whole of ili* copy from whidh 1 «m translating, and did not know that it con- 
Uincd thai anecdote.] 



* The sDcitni lUmji of Kphralm, 
I Id the ulfln*!. '- Aunjfai.'' 



t wmun in mr ericlasl. ■• Amlolrtk.' 



KOTES TO ClIAPTEH TWliN'Tr-SECOND. 



M7 






*-^'^-:' 






/tntedol* of Two £mw» tf 
tht Tribt of lk$ Btnw 
'Odiirali. 

The Prince of the Puiili- 

i'ul, Hiiroon Er-Kuhccd, 
being troubled oiio night 
with fxcvi^ding rfallMBiiea, 
ili-'tircd Jcmcrl the soci or 
MsAiiinr El-'Odliree to re- 
Inte tu liiiii B tXuty, mnA lh« 
l(itl<i naiil,* — 

Know, O Prlnre of th« 
Fuilhrul, thul ] wu fusci- 
nali<d by a dumBel, ena- 
moured of her, and I used 
often to villi her, as aha 
wui the object of my An- 
sixxe nnd ninbilion nirioiig 
he thing* of the world. Then her family 
tvinovcd with her, on nccotint of the ecnrcily 
ofpulurc; and 1 remained a while uithout 

T^^^^KJB*." ■ ^'^'"'8 ''"* ; '^^^ vthieh, de3ir« disquieted me, 

- i^^^^^WPt*^*^-^ and attracted me lo het: ao my aoul mggeiied 
to BDl Bjounicyto her; and on a certain night, desire excited me lo repair to her. 
I ihnvlbra arow, aud girded my toddle upon tiiy »he-camt!l, bound my liirban 
tvuad my head, put on my old clothef.1 slung on my >word, armed niyaetf with 
my apeftT, motinled my she-cumcl, and went forth (o aeek hi^r. I journeyed 
quickly, and 1 was proct-edlug one nrglii, — it »iu a night of thick darkn^a, yet, 
ncitirith(t«ndinj[ tliat, 1 endured tlie ilitlicultiet of descending into the volleys and 
aaccftding the mountain*,— ~«nd I heard the roaring of the lions, and the hovtling of 
llie wolves, and llie noisei uf wild bensb on every side. My reason vtas confounded, 
my mhid woi diannli^ri'd, and my tongue desisted not from repealing the [iraisti* of 
God, whoso name be exalted ! And while 1 was proceeding in this stnlc, sleep 
uiricame me, and the camel conveyed me by a dilTereiit way from that in wluch 1 
was: steep overpowered nie, and to, BOnietliing struck me upon my head. So I 
awoke alarmed and trtrtil«d ; and behold, there were trees and rivers, and bird* 
opoQ Ihe hrunclics of those tree* were warbting with their various tungiws and 
notes, and ihc Uew of thai verdant spot were entangled, one witli another. I 
lhn«fure alighted from my she-camel, and took her liatter in nty hand, and ceased 
aot lo endeavour by gentle means to gel clear until 1 ted her forth froin those 
trees lo a de»ert Iracti uhetvupon 1 placed tier saddle right, and seated myself 
properly on her batrk. 

I kocw not whither to go, nor unl« what place deitiny would ui|;« mt ; but I 
Ivoked over tliat dosnt, and a fire appeared to m« at iu furllier extremity. So I 



• la Ihi gililnsl. Ihli sntntMa tisi so iuinduMlgn Uke Uul i>I ll» itair >t 'Ba UmihWi wd tlw 
Lady Duitnnr, •*'( Ihil Uvsaia Ibc sdvlnsf Uniuur. 



«M 



NOTBS TO CHAPTK.H TWENTY -SECOND. 



■truck my Hlie-CHin"!, )uiil pixic«cil«<] lavatdt iW Are until 1 snircd at [t; ftiiil I 
Art* near to ll, and looked altimtircly ; nnd lo, thvrt v» ■ Rtd*«ca l*nt pitched, 
with a ipcnr atiick in the |;round, i>nd a bcait ilondinn, and hor*o, and puturiiig 
cBincli. I ihttvtatr aid within mytcir. tVobnblj- great importnncp altaclin t« 
tliia tciit ; fur I kv not in tliU ilcwH any uth«r. Thru I HilvaiK^vil toward* il, 
and HnlJ, Pr.ac(> be on yon, O pcnpl« of the tPiit, and l)i« niorcy of G(ril. anil hia 
blmiiif^! And there cnmc forth to me from it a yoiiti); man, of the youthi of 
luoclccD yean, who vai like thc^ full moon vhtn it Bhiiieih, anil cuun^ wu 
luaniftBl III hi) foiintrnniicii ; * and h« (aid. And on ihcf be prnei-, and ihv mercy 
of Gnd, and hi* lilcningn, O brother of the Amb* ! Verily I iinagint! that iboti 
hiut wandered frum tlie way. — I replivd, 'Dis caie in lo. Direct me : may Uod 
hiivc mercy on thee f — Rut he luid, O brother of the Ainba, verily thii our diatrict 
i» a place nboimdintt with wild hcoiti. and tliii night U dork and dreiiry, exceed- 
ingly dark and ixitd, and 1 should not be williout fenr fur llirr leit the wild bi;aat 
■Uuuld [car tliec ; th«refora Kliglit and rctt with me, and enjoy amplitude and 
caie ; aiid when the momx* comttli, I will direct the« to the right way. — Aceord- 
Infly I alighted Irom my ihe-enmel, lied up one of her forc-fect with the end ol 
her halter, f and, having pulled off the clothei that were upou me, attired myavlf 
lightly, and tat a while. And lu, lli« young tnan look ■ sheep and slBtighten'd it, 
ud lie kindled and lighted up a lire ; aflrr whtcli, he entered the tent, and took 
CuTlh lomc Hue { vpieei, and good lall, and began to cut otT piecei of the meal of 
that abeep, and to ruait them upon Ibe fire, and give to mo ; ligliing at one lime, 
■lid WM-pEiig at sauiher. Tlieu be utivrcd ■ gi«at groan, wopt violcutly, and 
recited tbrae vcttmi: — 

Th*r» TtmaineCh not nughl bbvc b flitting breath, and on eye wboM owner { ia 

confbtinded. 
Thtrr remunethnot a joint of anyof his timlM but in it ia acoiulant discusp; 
And hIa tear* m* flowing, and lii« bowcU bunting : bttt, notwithstanding ihii, 

be U tilpnt. 
Hi* enoinict weep for him in pi^. Aloa for him whom iIm noltlng fuw 

pitictb ! 



So I knew, upon thi*, O Prinec of the Faithful, that the young nian wa* a dit- 
Iracted lover, and none knoncth love but he who liaib tailed it I ihtrofore uid 
wltluu tnymlf. Shall I a*k lilmf But then I coiiautted my mind, and laid. How 
•liall i attack hliii with in<|uiry when I uin iti bis abode T So I mtmiucd myself; 
and tte of UuU meat at much u> tulflecd me; and nlioii wt bin) libi^bell PMiiif;, 
the yenn^ man arose, and entered the tent, and brought forth n clean hnaln, with 
a hondaoino ewer, and a napkin of silk, the ends of which were embroidered wiih 
ted gold, and a iprinkling-liollle full of rusc-watrr infused with musk. I woii' 
derad ibertfon at hia elegance and delifney, mid niiid williiu iiiynelf, I knew nol 
elegnnce in llie dvttrt. Then tre waihcd our hnndi, nnil convcmrd n while ; nfUr 
«hich he aroM, and vniered the lent, and made u partition between me Kid him 

• UlrtaUjr. "Mwtnihbty**." 

t FdMlnalbtlcf. udlrlnitbtnnlnunilliil^liUrhMfloiDtlickoM.aiRpioenled iBlbtcul 
In TV* 4* «( mo. 

I Hui I>, duly (xUta oi ptinitnd. 

1 LlUnlly, -'wiiotr nuDi" <n, «at nia; liia tteJ, •Ksidinf U Kmi dicilgnulH, "■ti»ipu|>U." 



KOTES TO CHAITKR TWENTY^ECOSa 



24!) 



«il1i B ^oco of timI brocBdc, >nd Mid, Enter, O chief of the Arnba, and lalto lliy 
place of rrpoae; for tlioti hut (ipcrimccd ratigue ihia night, luid cxecvirc toil in 
tliui thy journey. 

So I rnlcrnd, and 1u, 1 fuittid a bvd of gireu brocudp. nrid iIictvuihiii I pnllcd 
off ihv clulhcM that nero U|kiii inc. ailA p.ixHt'd euL-li ii ijl};lil h» I litid never |iunpd 
in my lifv ; but nil tbr wliiln I wat mtditaliiig <t|uin lliii rnin nf lliio yiiniig tnuti 
until tlie ni|;hl wni dark, nnd cyca ilrpu 'i'hcn suddenly I liciird a Kiw viiii'e, 
than which I liad iipvit liciird nny more wft or dclicutc. J tliiTcforc rniicd tliw 
parlilion that wai jmt bvtwccii u>, and lo, I beheld a damsel, tbnii whom 1 hnd 
nt'Tfr Hen one more bcitiitirul in lace. She vii« by bin side, ujid Ibcy were wec-]>- 
ing, nnd cumplslning to (;ach iitber i)f cbv jinin of luve nnd desire and ardent 
|i)iuliin, und of (he viulrricc iif Ibcic longing I" incct each otlirr. Sa 1 Miid. U 
AUih, buw 1 w<iir<l«r at tlii* xreond |>crai>ii ! Fur nrhvn I filtered this triil, I uw 
Dot in it nny ono but lid* yoiinj; ninn, and hn hnd not nny (i)ii> nitb liini. — Then I 
•ud oitliiii mjulf, No doiiht thii dnmiel h nf the <lnli};hteri nf llie Jinn ^ ahe 
loTtih tlii( }«ang miui, wh» hotli aegregutcd himu-ir villi her in this place : nnd 
nlur hnlh tt^gtUd henvlf with bim. Dm Hl^urwarda 1 luuked intently nt her, 
and heboid, ihe wiu n human, Arab giti: when she uncovered her fiicn, ahe put lo 
•hatnc the ihining tun, and tlie lent roj illuminntcd by the tigbi of b«r cniinte- 
1 lUMoe. So when I certified myself ihat »be urni bii beloved, I thdiight upon the 
JmImii)' of ihr Inver ; wheiefotc I let clown t)ii> curlnin. and cuvered my luee, nnd 
dopt. And wlien I nmae in the morning. I put uii my elolhea, pi-rfurnti'il tb(> 
ablution for my prDycn,and acquitted myielf nf the divinely -otdnined prnyeriibat 
wnc incumbent on niv ; ' oiler wliicb 1 wid to ihe yuuiij; mini, O bfitber nf ibe 
Atnbs. will ibuu direcl me lo (he right way t Tbiiii boat bellowed fiivi>ur« upon 
mr. — But be looked toward* me, and anBwercd, At thy leisure, O chief of the 
Anbi. Ilie period of (he entertainment of u guent is three dayi; und I nm nut 
one «ho will let ihee go until after three dny*. 

I tlierefuie remained willi bim three days, myi Jemeel ; and on the fourth 
day, w« HI to cuuverir, and I cunvenvd with him, and nuked bim bin name nnd 
Sf*^ofy : wherelipon he aaid, A« to my g*nenliigy, I nm of the Ik'iiee 'Odiirali ; 
•ad a« to my nam«, I nm eiii'h-ii-nue, lb« Hnn of ttich-n-one, and my pnternni 
unci* H «uch'a-one. And In, be wu the ann of my pat«rnnl iinclr, O Prince uf 
the Pnilhfid, nnd he wni of the moit noble hnnae of the Oeiire 'Odhiah. So 1 
Mid, U nn nf my unele, wbnt induced ihee to do an 1 tee, legregaling tbyicif in 
ibi* dtanl : and how i> il tiiut thou hRxt fonnken (by cumrorta and the romfurls of 
ihy fallifra; «nd bow ia it ib»t thou bnat fnnnken thy innlf glutei anil thr female 
•hvts, and argrpgntod Ibyaelf in thii plnee t And when lie benrd, n I'rinee of iht' 
Toithful, my Hordi. hii eye* filled with leurt, nnd he nmnereil, O «on nf my unci', 
I «>a in loie with the dDUgbler of iny pulernul uncle, faieinalL-d by her, diiirnclcd 
with low of her, nrnderrd insnne by |iit«i>iun fur her, unable tu endure aeparalian 
ftoni her; and my pumion for her bennme cxeeanife. So I lUimnided her in niar- 
riag* cf my nndc ; but he refined, and he nirtrriril her to n man of Ihe Bcnee 
'(Mbrah. who took her a> his wife, and conveyed her tu Lbe pbiec nf hi> realdencu 
lail jtmr. AaA when >be wnt dblant from me. and 1 wiw ptevonird from aeeing 
lier, tliD biuriiingn of love, and the violenrv of tbiire and nrd>-nl pAuion, induced 
me to furMke my hiiiily, and lo i|uil my tribe and my friendi nnd all my comforts 



T«t, Ml. 



* tint d, till pnjFcn vbich btlisd nMlKUd ii thcli pnqxt llniet. 
2% 



sso 



NOTES TO CIUPTER TWENTV-SECOKDi 



BJiil I l«ok up my filMxU' iilone in lliU (#nt In l1ii» ilfwort, anil acciiit»nieil m,v>clr 
ti> II1J' w)Ulii<lf^. — Anil wliiitv, Rnid I, nrR llirlr Iv-iimF IIp nn)>ivrrcil, Tliey nrc 
tipnr, on tlic tiimmjt of llili moiinUtm ; nii^ cvrry liiillit, itiicn ryci iltcp, in the 
■dllncM ofnigiil. siic sti^alrth away iccrctlj* tiniin llic tribr, sd liial no oiiv knowclli 
of licr oiovcriicril, Hriil I uct.-oin]<1iBli my itcBiir by itincouni- with licr, and xli« 
»ccoiiiplisli*lli hpr Ai-utv in like iiianiiur. I am rcmtiining in lhi« slntc, connoiinK 
mytclf with licr iliirin^r a perind of llir nifrhl, until GtiA ihM nccnmplitli a thjllft 
llint mu»t come to piwt, or my object lie ntlninrd in npilc of Ihe cjivicn, or nnlil 
(lod (hull tlclmiiiiic fur mr. and II? ii the bcil of thoic who ilFtvnninc. — Sn 
wli«i[ the yiiimp man infi.tmi-il mf, O IMnceof ihp Fitilhfiil, his vmv (-rifvil 'nc, 
and i brcunic pcrplrxcil tiy rrnann iif llir xi'hI TllHt nlli'ctrd mv thrrpiipnn. Tlicn 
I iiticl to him, O ion of my untie, ihnll 1 alicK ttitp n «lratnpcm ihiil I would 
ciiiiiiarl ihor in cnijiloy. wlicrcin, if ll lir (lit will or f!oil, thou wilt linil ihc most 
advitnblc coiiric, mid the nny to a rijilit and lucccufid iuuc, nod by mciiTx of 
which (lod will dispel ftom thcc ilinl which thou drcadcil I The younj; man an- 
iwcred. Ti'll mi-, O aoti of my uncle. And I mid lo him, When il i» niglit, and 
the daitiii«l hntli cumi', put hi^r iipoii my slie-camcl; Ibi she in swift; and inoiiiil 
lliou tliy ctiiirtiT I also will iiioiinl o\n' of tlioBU the-camrtf, and jiroiTcd with 
ynn both all the iiikIiI, and the morning will not liavi^ roiilP brfotc I tliall linvi* 
irnveried with yon deu-rls mid wanlct ; >o tbou wilt have ntlnincd lliy dciire, and 
got puntttioii uf (liu bi'ldved of tliy hi-iirt. The expanse of Uod'i eavlli i> widi', 
anil I, by Allah, will ait) thnn whila I liv« willi my aoul niid my w<allh and my 
■word.— And nhcn he Ucuid lliii, he replied, O ton of my iineic, wnit until I 
coninit her on thii mbjcei ; for ihe U inlelli^tenl, prodenl, havinjt clear jndgment. 
But when ilie iiij;hi becniiiu dark, and the liinc of her coming bad arrived, 
and he wot e.ipvolilig lu-r at the known period. >he woi behind her muid lime ; 
and I Kuw tbe yomig mun g^? fortli from the door of the tent, and open hi) mutith, 
anil bi'|:ln In inhnlv ilif lirrexe tlinl blew from the ijiiarlcr whence ahti eame, 
■nu'lliiig her odour j and be recited ihi>«e iwo vetMt: — 

O lepliyr, thuu bringeKl me a gentle gale from 
the place in whieli the bcloreil i> dwelling. 

O win<l, llinti bearcat » token of the beloved. 
Knoweit thou, then, wliuii alie will arrive ? 

Then he eiitcnsl the tent, and Hit a while wecplnj;; 
after which he loid, O 
son uf my uncle, reril)' 
soinelhiiig halli occurred 
(n tlio daiiglilcr of my 
uncte thii night, and 
some accident hnth bnp- 
pciicd to lier, or aome 
ob>lKi'li' hath prpvented 
her from coming to ma. 
lie llivii *nid to me, 
Stay in thy place luitil 
I hiing iheo the newa. 
And ihereii|Km W took 





bii narJMl lb 
1.1 ■». S.1 









S»l 






G^lbriidifctf I 



Ut tbca aii. O MM tf My m^ I ti |1iii Am by AJfeh, Md bj the cUb mT 

wbakmlitp Md — fwiiij &M mAm^hIi Wivccb mm mJ ibM. On! thM 

luvpny dM*:^ TlMivfliM* *• pmMMtr'**' bafan thn; udih««ifM 
d» Ibn «mIi M^ Mi rfvMl ■« i^Mfctr vU tkte MMMU «r ifc> bMMB if dt* 
ifau^ltr if aj «mI« in iIm g u m ta t. vti biaj ai botk in one snire, lAJ iawiihi 
I our gnm iIwm two rme* : — 



W« itnd npM dM Mith « lift «f MoTsct, tauled in fUfevtUpk aad in tM* 

ftoo boviWi 
But lUtuB*, wUh iti diMg*«, pwt*d u tnm nek •&«, and bow the gtvn- 

clotbo luic uniud ■«. 

Tbrn ha «Dp4 riolmti;, and altered the tent, and «u afawtil (nm nte • mhS* ; aftn 
wlieh he came btth ; and be hegma to ligth and to cry oat, and, uttering ■ deep 
gniwi^ he ^tted ihe wotld- So wbra I bcheM himitiinfUr. the event grieved m* 
•ad iffictcd mc u ihal I aliiKMt joiard him bj nswn of llir tJolciicv of tn;F 'omm 
far bdnu I ihcn adTaiiced to him, aad laid him on llie gnwiiul, uid did wilh him m 
he had ordnrd me. I ihtoadcd liim with ihe mnwiH of the daninel Itigrihtr, and 
buried Ibora is one dtuTe, and remained by ihcic ipravc three dayi ; dUt orhicU 1 
departed; aad I cootiBiNd for two jeari to viiii tbau frtquciitlf . — Such iivn th« 
event* of llieir hiilur)', O Prince of ihe FHilhruL 

And •livn F.r-RMl»t«d Ward hit Mury, ho n|i)imvod it; onJ he bcitonrcd u^ 
hun a robe of honour, and coiifcrrcd upon hiin n hiuidwine giO. 



• lnhi Hlilail. "tiiin ' 

t tWi I* Ml qidlt aH.** ai]>bt)Uhu«bKiT«l. 
Ibt pMM fot tlUi. 



Ox Usn't toij hailai bKouw Ui< pan or 



itSt 



NOTCS TO CHAPTER TWKNTr.SECOND. 



[Til* nmit nnecdole a t1>nt of Uic Bcduwi.; and lii* Wifc, related {thou)[h not 
■i> fiilly M it is told ill llic otigirinl) ill page fl3l of ibn fir»t volume of llie pieu""! 
vorlc.* Tlwii tuVowi nil jiiu'cdiilc no ncnrly ngrcoing with llie itvry of Ibn Mnn- 
fuor and Ttip L«d}- Itiulonr lliat I think it nrrdlen to give a trniislulion ofil - the 
Ulter a^iptfiini lo mo In be founded on tlic forniM ; or [iBrlui|)i tlie tevtitc mny he 
the CUM'. The next atu> I piu> over for a rimikr reaHou : it la tin Miacdnt* of 
li-hfik KIMiiiili'c and the Devil, very tiiiiilnr (excelling In unine particuUn 
rnihei tna frci^ fur tmnilatiuii, aud for iniertioii In tlili nork) to llint of IbnUiecm 
El-M'JtilMaud tilt) Devil, wliicli ( liare b«^oi:« rflate^, in page 223 of volume i.} 



tinolher AntedoU a/* Tico Luvtrt. 

ln-hJik the (on of Ilirlilierm \ uilh, I vna entirely drrvoted lo the Batmekcw i 
and vhilc I voi one Amy in my abode, lo, my door waa knocked : 8o my young 
man went forth, nnd he returned and laid to me, nt the door a a comely youth, 
MkiiiK |icrmiinion lo come in. I therefore gnvc him pcrmisaion. and llicrt entered 
a younjt man who bore Iracei of illncia; and he luid. Verily 1 have been for Rome 
time deiirin}; to meet ibee, and I have need of tbiiic aaiiiiitaiire. — And what ii it 
that tboti wiinlnir said I. And lie took forth ihrw hiimircd pieces of gold, wliicli 
he put before me, unying. I rrqiieit ihrc to accept Ihem Oom me, and lo euinpoitt^ 
for me an uir to two venet that I have utivrfd. So I said to him, Rtcitc ihcin to 
tne. And h* rcMtcd, laying, — 

By Allah, O mine eye, nhieh bait oppreued my heart, extinguish irilh tny 

tearn llie fire of my grief 
Fortune joins in reproving mc on account of my beloved, and I «haK not vm 

hert ibuugb I be wrxppcd tu my gtave-clollitK. 

I therefore composed for him an air of a plaintive kind, and tang it ; whereupon 
lie fainted, luid 1 iiua);incd ihiit he bad died. He recovered, howerer. and said, 
R«p«at iu fliii I conjured liim by AIIiili, and said. 1 fear tbou wilt die. He re- 
plied, ^Vollhl that «iie1i nil evi'iti bflpjivnvd t And lie ceanuU nut lo liuiiibte liiiiixvlf 
and lo mpiiticate until I iiad pity on liini, and repented it. And ibercupon be 
fell inlu a lit more severe than the first, and I doiibte<i not of liii death ; but I 
eenied not to sprinkle rose-water upon him until he recovered and ul up. So I 
pmiscd find fur IiIh HalVty, and put bia piecei uf gold beforv him, saying to him. 
Take thy money, and depart from nie. But be replied. I have no need ofil, and 
thou shall Iiavc the tike of it if thou ir|Kral the air. And my heart wan dilated nt 
the pruiptict of llie uioLicy ; wherefore I slid to biin, I will repeat it ; but on llirec 
cu>iEliIioiis : thv lint of Ibein is, thut ihou sbolt remain with me and cut of my 
food, iu urdrr that iliy soul may he sttcnglbeiied : and the iceond, that thou shalt 
drink of Uiii wine a» much m will reitraiu tby heart ; and the thttd, tlial thou 
fhalt Tclale to mv thy atvry. And be did lo, and uid, — 

I am a man of tlie people of E1-Mcdceneb. I went forlli fur rtermlion, and 



• 8m tbr|>ui(nphtiiIdnInr4lal)4aD«dole of 'Ekrtuiih »diI KliuunBrih. 
( Ss In Tiiliutkn. In mroni^nil, " Ibrihnm Ihiimi orit-VU)." Pciliji|ii 111* tlfhl ruitiiii msr 
In "Ibrihmu iIh /nUir uf l>.^\." 
I Ui«nU)>,"hlni.' 



M^^ 



M 




.r\ ' ■■ 



pmcccdci) by the way to El-'Ak«ek,* wiili my brother* ; and I sair a daiM^ 
witli ("irli who wm VtVt u hmndi covereil «lili liew. She loukvil with two »j-(« 
whiuc t;''>i"^c von not wiihdruwii tavf with the unlit that conli^iiiplated Uieiii ; ftud 
ikejr tiiniuiiicd until the day cIohpiI, whpii tlicy dcpnrlpil ; and I foiiiid In my hrarl 
woandii sluw to heal. So I wlumcd endeavouring to ohtniii informatioii of her ; 
but fouud not any one to aci|Uaiiit ine ; wherefore I proceeded to seek diliBenlly 
ftflcr her in thn instktt-ltreHs ; yet found not uiiy lidingt of hcl. And I fell tick 
of grief, and told my >lory to nn« nf my rrktiim); but be said to me, No hurni 
■hall hrfoll ihec. 'IIk'M dayi of the apcinK are not ended, and the liOHven will 
tain, luid llicrcupuii >he will go foftb.t I uIbu will go furlb with tlirp, niid do rhnu 
what llioii wilt.— My «oiil tberefore wan traii(|uilHn'd (Imrcby until KI^'Akcek 
flowed wiili wnlcr, and the pvojde wi'til forlh, I'licri'iiiioii i likewiie wrnt forth, 
with niy brollim and my reintioin, niid wc nul in the mine plate aa liefure ; und 
we bud not remained long when the women approached, tuuuing like two liomes 
f(iT a wilder. Su I «aid to a dnniiel of my Tclatioiii, Say to tliia damael, This mail 
MJth imlo thee, Wvll did he expreii himielf who uttered ibia vene; — 

SIm imoto ni« with an iirrow which pierced] the bean, and ftho witlidrcw, 
haling [eft in it n wound and acan. 

She Ihereforr went to hn, and tftid to hn ihug ; and the roplied, Say to htm, Well 
balfa b« Bud who replied with ihii vcne : — 

We fe«l the like of that which tliou brmoaneit : lu have patience : wc may 
Me relief thnt will toon lieal our hearts. 

• A iillty n«i FJ-MntRn<h. 

I 'Att*a»' l> vul IB ni)' oilKUial fin "t^^&ia.' Tbt comiUon liai b«D laida lir n) tliqllb. 



S5-f 



NOTES TO CIlAl'TEIl TWKNTV-SECONDi 



And I ulMtninrd Avm ijiRnkiiig, in fpnr of ili>)^acp, and aro«c nn<l dfjinrled. On 
my riniiig. bIii- uIiu iiruic, nnd 1 fullowcd licf, nnd f]ie Innki'il nl me uiilil I ktn-u' 
Kt abudu ; and alier tbii. ihc lucd Id come to me, nnd I mod la ga to liv'r. '11m% 
we lind iulervii'vr* with caoli utbcr, and our mcctitign were to frequent Ihat tlit- 
row bccniiin piiblii* mid nisnlfi'Bl, and litr follii-r kru-w of il. Yet I cciuisl nut tu 
he mnidiiniii in nireling hrr. mid r"iiip1nini>il of tUr cu»fi Xo my fnllinr, wbo Chrre- 
iipon collected niir fiiriiily, nnd vicnt tn lii'r fallwr to (riiiienl licr !n iMniriu^r. He, 
liowcver, said, Had (lint mailer been knoivn t« me before he bud (lit};roced her 
[by bis viiitij. 1 bud done oi ye deiice: but Ibc lhin]t halli become ttDtorioui, ttnd 
I wuuld not viirify tlie ntui-rlion of ibv jieople. 

So I rriicfllcd lo him the air, *ay« It-l.iAk, and ho uciiunint«d me witli bl* abode ; 
nttfr wbtrh bo dppart<>d i and wu bnd bvcoiiie fuiniliur with rach ulbvr. Tlion 
Jaofnr ibe non of Ynliya ont, and 1 [iivtcnli^il iiiyi>i;lr an whd my ciutoni, nnd aiuig 
lo him tiie vcnm of ilio yuiilh: wIien'ii|ioii bo <*»« moved with d<li)(ht. nnd drank 
•ome cu]u, and mid. Wo to thee ! \\ ho»c nir in liiii.' — I therefore told him the 
itory of the youlh, nnd be ordered nio to ride to him nnd to ninire hiin of the 
attiiiiitnent of ibc object of liii dciiirc. Accordinftty t went to liim, and I braugbt 
bin), nnd Juarnr dctlrcd liiin tu rL'jivut the alory ; wherefotc li« relnlvd it to bim ; 
nnd Janfor uud, Depend upon me that I will mnrc^' ihee lu her. So hi> «oiil wan 
comforted, nnd he rcinnined willi >li. And uhen ibe morninK enme, Jnufar rode 
lo Kr-Kniheed, nnd rtOnlcd to bini Ibc itiiry; nnd be ndmitcd it, und commanded 
Ihut v/c isliould all prcst-iit onrielvei. He then dciired the rt'[>t'Iiliuii uf th(> air, 
and dtntik to it ; uArr wliicb lie gavr onli'ni lu Write u letter lu the Governor uf tbu 
l,li'jAi;, rt'qiiiritig him lu ecnd ihi' futhcr of thu wuninn wit!i her family in an 
honunrabld niunnnr In liin preaencc, and to rxpend npon them amply. And but a 
»hort liini- liud vlupsed K-fure ihny oainc ; wbi'n F.r-Raiiheed enmniondrd to bring 
the man brforv bim. So lie eaim- ; and hr ordered him to marry hi? dniigbtet to 
tbr joiitb, nnd nave him a himdred thousand ■ piecci uf gold. Then Ibc man 
rt-tumed lo bin family ; and the youtli c<'wsed nol to be one of Ibe buun-eoin- 
pnnions of Jaiifur unlil tbul huppi-nod which hap]iened ; t whercnpnn the yonth 
tetumed with his family lo I'll- Mcdemtli. — May God (whow name be exalted !) 
have mercy upon the auuli of nil of them .' 

[One mor« anecdutc follaw* in tbc original: but it muit be omiltcd here. — 
Tlian fuUuna tho utory of the Crafty Delcctch, which ends villi port of tbe Seven 
llimdred nnd Ninelecnth Ni^ht 1 ihould beuEnlv to introduce it in lb« preMUt 
collection of talei on uccontit of iU viilgnrity ; but it in rendered more objectionable 
by indecent incidents, and witboitt making many nnil greal alte ration r, I could not 
offer it to Ibc Biigliah reader, — I'lie nrxt >tury i« Ibat of Anlvxbeer and IJuyAt rn- 
NufiMM, ending with pnrl of Iliv Sevvn Humlrdil and Tbirly-cighlh Night, Thia 
nlm I pan uvtr, ai it is little more than a repetition, word for word, of tlic ctory 
of Tiij cl-Mulook and the I.iuly Uimyn. 

I must bere add, thut the atchltecliirul portion of tlic cngraiing in iingn 230 
l( copiod, hj iMTtiiiniuon, from one of l1ii' vaUinblr dinwingi of M. C«»te, which 
nr« in tli« pMwauon of my friend Robert liny, Esq. of Liiiplum, nnd which I 
Intc mentioned in my preface.] 



• In TitbuUcn't vntlon, "•■' Ihuuuliil." a nuac pmbtlile luoi. 
t Thij tllndH u tti* auhippir tMa of itie BumekM fuallf . 







CHAPTER XXIII. 

COMHENCIKO WITH PART OF THE SEVEN UUKDHED ANO TIIIRTV- 
RKiHTll MGIIT, AND HNDIKG WITH ?AKT OF THE SRVP.N 
nUKURED AMD FIVTY-SIXTU. 



THE STORY OP JULLANA'H OP THE SF.A. 

There \s'ax, in oldcn lime, ntid in an ancient djtc and period, 
ill lln- land "f tlic IVfitiims, ji King ntinicd Slit'di Zcmnn," and tht- 
place uf lii.i rt-itidonce was KliuriUinn. He liiid n liun<lri'd cotictt' 
bineB ; but he liad not been bleat, during liiK wEioIl- life, with a male 
ctiild b^' any of lliem, nor n female ; and he reflected upon thi» one 
(Iftv, and lamented tb.-il llio ^renter portion of his life had piiMCil, 
and he had not been bk-Med witli ii iiiaK' ciiihl l» inherit Uie kinj;- 
dom af^er bim as he bad inherited it from his lathcra and fore- 
futhrrs. So the utmost ({ri«f, and violent vexation, befell him ou 
this account. 



356 



THE STORY OF JULLANA'lt OF THE SEA. 



Now while he was sitting one day, one of Iiis mcmlooks came 
in h> him, uikI xitid to him, O my lord, at the <loor is a slave-girl 
with a merchant : none more beautiful than she hath heen M-en. 
And be replied, Bring to me tlie merchant and the slave-girl. The 
moichant and the slave-girl tliereforc enme to him ; and when he 
saw her, he found her to resemble the Itudcynce' lance. She wa^ 
wrapped in an izar of silk i-mbroidered with gold, imd ihc merchant 
uncovered her face, whereupon the place wux illuminated hy her 
beaut}', and there hung down from her furc-head nt-ven locks of hair 
reaching to her »nklets, like the toils of horses. She had cjes 
bordered with kohl, and heavy liipii, and slender waist ; rJir was 
such as would cure the malady of the sick, and extinguish tht^ fire 
of the thirsty, and was aa the poet bath said in these verses i — 

1 am enamoured of Iwr; »ti« h perfect lu beauty, uuil perfcut also in grsvity 

and ill dignitjr. 
She it neitli«r tall nor (linrt j but her hipi nrr luch tliat the Jtii it ton narrow 

fur ihoin. 
Her itaturc in n mean l)(>(wovti tliv tnmll tiiid tin- lur^ ; hu tiwre in ni-ttlier 

tnllncit nur sliorlnvtm tii find fiiiill witll. 
UcT liuir rcBclii-lh to Iter anklcli, [and i« black u night,] but ]|«r facp it, 

«vtr like llie Aay. 

The King, iherefori", wondered at the sight of her, and at her beauty 
Hiid loveliness, and her stature and justness of form ; and he said to 
the merchant, O aheykh, for how much is this damsel to be sold ? 
The merchant anBWcred, O my lord, I purchased her for two thou- 
sand pieces of gold of the merchant whu owned her before ine, and 
I have been for three years travelling with her, and she hnlh cost, 
to tliH period of her arrival at this place, three thousand pieces of 
gold ; and she is a present from me unto thee. Upon this, the King 
conferred upon him a mugiiifieent robe of honour, and gave orders 
to pres<-nt him M-ith ten thousand pieces of gold. So he ttiok them, 
and kissed the hands of the King, thiinkiug him fur his bounty nnd 
bcnelicenee, and departed. Then the King connnitted the dnnls(^l 
to the tire>women, saying to them, Amend the state of this dantsel, 
and deck her, and furnish for her a private chamber, and take her 
into it. He also gave orders to his chamberlains that every tiling which 
she required should be conveyed to lior. The scat of government 
where he resided was on the shore of the sea, and his city was culled 



TiiK STORY OF JULLAN.VR OP THE SEA. 



CS7 



the miite City.* And they conducted the dantsel into a (>rivftt« 
chamber, which chamber had windows overlooking tlie sen ; and tlio 
Kinp commanded his chamberlains to close all the doors upon licr 
•Acr taking to her nil that she required. 

Th« King then went in to visit the damsel ; but she rose not to 
him, nor took any notice of him. So the King said, It secmeth 
that she haih been with people who have not taught her good niaii- 
ncTS. And looking at the damsel, ho saw her to be a person sur- 
passing in beauty and loveliness, and in stitture and justness of 
form; her face was like the disk of the moon at the full, or tho 
shining sun in tlie clear sky ; and he wondered at her beauty and 
loveliness, and stature and justness of form, extolling the perfi^ction 
of God, the Creator: lauded be his power! Then the King 
advanced to the damsel, <tnd seated himself by her side, pressed her 
to his bosom, and seated her upon his tliigli ; and he kissed her lips, 
which he found to be sweeter than honey. After this, he gave 
orders to bring tables of the richest viands, comprising dishes of 
every kind ; and the King ate, and put morsels into her mouth imtil 
she was satisfied; but she spoke not a single word. The King 
talked to her, and inquired of her her name; but she was silent, not 
uttering a word, nor returning him an answer, ceasing not to hang 
down her head towards the ground ; and what protected her from 
the anger (A the King was tlie excess of her beauty and loveliness, 
and her tenderness of manner. So the King said within himself. 
Extolled be the perfection of God, the Creator of this damsel! 
How elegant is she, saving that nhe doth not speak 1 Dut perfec- 
tion belongeth unto God, whose name be exalted 1 — Then the King 
asked the female slaves whether she had spoken ; and they answered 
him. From the lime of her arrival to the present moment slie hath 
not spoken one word, and we have not he.ard her talk. The King 
therefore caused some of the female slaves and concubines to como, 
and ordered ihem to sing to her, and to make merry with her, thinking 
that then she might perliaps speak. Accordingly the ft^niale slaves 
and concubines played before her with all kinds of musical instru> 
ments, and sports and other performances, and they sang so that 
every one who w«» present was moved with delight, except tlie 
damsel, who looked at tliem and wa.f »ilent, neither laughing nor 
speaking. So the heart of lli« King wait contracted. He however 



TM. III. 



2fi 



968 



THB STORy OK JULLANA'B OP THE SEA. 



inclined to her cntirvlj, paying no rogard to othvra, but r«!in([uish- 
ing all the mt of iiis concultiiie* and fitvounlc-ii. 

He rrniMuicd witli Iicr » wlmle year, ivliitli Jteemed as one dayi 
and xliil nht^ apoke not ; and he said to her one day, when his lovo 
of her, and his passion, were excMsivc, O desire of souls, rcrily the 
love that I have for thcc is great, and I have relinquished for thy 
sake all my female xlnves, and the concubines and the women and 
the favourites, and made thee my worldly portion, and been patient 
with thee a whole year. I beg God (whose nante be exalted '.) that 
He will, in his grace, soHcn tliy hi;art towards me, and that thou 
mayest sipeak to me. Or, if thou be dumb, acquaint nie by a sign, 
that I may give up hope of thy speaking. 1 aho beg of God 
(whose perfection be extolled I) that He will bless me by thee with 
a male eliild that may inherit my kingdom after me ; for I am unglc 
and solitary, having none to he my heir, and uiy age hatli become 
great. 1 conjure thee Uicn by Allah, if thou love me, that thou 
return me a reply. — And upon ihh, the damsel hung down her 
head towards the ground, meditating. Then she raised lier head, 
and smiled in the fnec of the King, whereat it appeared to th« 
King th^it lightning tilled the private chamber; and she said, O 
magnanimous King, and bold Hon, God hath answered thy prayer ; 
for 1 am aI)out to bear tliec i»KUe, and the time is [almost] come. 
But 1 know not whether tlie child in male or female. And were it 
not for my being in this state, I had not spoken to tho6 one word. 
— And when the King heard what she said, his face brightened up 
with joy and happiiit-?:c, and he kissed her head and her hands by 
reason of tlie violence of hix Joy, and maid, Prai.te be to God who 
hath favoured me with tilings that I desired ; the first, thy speak- 
ing ; and the second, thy information that thou art about to bear 
mi- i.t.-(iie. Then the King arose and went fortli from her, and 
seated himself upon the tlirone of his kingdom in a state of exceed- 
ing linppiness ; and he ordered the Wezeer to give out to the poor and 
the needy and the widows and others a hundred thousand pieces of 
gold OS a Uiauk-olfering to God (whose name be exalted 1) and an 
alms on his [wrl. So (he Wezeer did a» the King had comnmn<led 
him. And after that, the King went in to the damsel, and sat wilb 
her, and embraced her and ]>ressed her to his bosom, saying to hev, 
O my mi&tic«», who ownest me as tliy slave, wherefore hath been 



TOE STOSY OF JlLLASATt OP THE SEA. 



^isa 



this sOeiice, VM-ing tluif diuu hsst bcvn widi mc & wbole }ratr, i^t 
and day, mw«te and asJeep, yrt hast not spoken to me during tUt 
yc«r excvpt on this day ? What thro hath bcMi the eaiue of thy 

The damad soswercd. H«ar, O King of the age, and know thai 
1 am a poor penton, a stranger, broken-bcsrted : I hare become 
■cparatpd from my motltcr and my fcmily and my brother. And 
wht-n llii^ King heard her words, he knew her desire, and he rrplird. 
As to thy saying that thou art poor, there is no occasioa for such an 
asaertion ; for all my kinj;doro and my goods and posarasions are at 
thy aervice, and I also hare become thy memlook : and as to thy 




snying, 1 have become separated from my mother and my family 
and my brother — inform me in what place they are, and I will send 
to them, and bring tliem to thee. So Khe »id to him, Know, O 
fortunnte King, that roy name is Jullanar* of the Sea. My father 
was one of the Kings of the Sea, and be died, and left tu ux tlie 
kingdom ; but while we were enjoying it, one of the Kinga came 
upon us, and took the kingdom from our hands. I have also a 
brother named Salch,' and my mother is of the women of the sea ; 
and 1 <iuarrelled witli my brother, and swore that I would throw 
myself into the hands of a man of the inhabitants of the land. 
Accordii^y I came forth from tlic sen, nnd sat upon the shore of an 
island in the moonlight, and there pitssed )iv me a man who took 
me and conducted me to his abode, and desired (o make me his eoiuiu* 



sea 



THE STORY OF JULLANA'R Of THK SEA. 



bine i but I smote him upon his head, and he almost died ; whcro- 
fbre he went forth and told mc to tliis man from whom thou tookcst 
me, and he wn« an excellent, virtuoiia man, a person of religion and 
fidelity and kiiidnces. But had not thy heart loTed mi;, and hadst 
tJiau nut preferred ine above all thy coiicubin«», 1 had not remained 
with thee one hour ; for I sliould have cast myitolf into the sea firom 
this window, and gone to my mother and my people. I wa* 
ashamed, however, to go to them in the sUte in which I am ; for 
Outy would imagine evil of me, and would not bcliew me, even 
tliough I should nvear to ihcm, when 1 told tlicm that a Kin^ had 
purdiaaed me with his money, and had made me bia worldly portion, 
Mid chosen mc in preference to his wirea and all that his right hand 
possessed. This is my atory, and peace he on thee ! — And when he 
heard her words, he thanked her, and kissed her between her eyea, 
and said to her, By Allah, O my mistress, and light of ray eyes, 1 
rannot endure thy separation for one hour ; and if thou quit mc, I 
shall die instantly. How then nhnli the aflair he ? — Slie iinswtrred, 

my maater, the time of the birth is near, and my family 
must come. — And how, said the King, do they walk in the sea 
vrithout being wetted ? She answered, Wc walk in the sea as ye 
walk upon the land, through the inJluencc of the names engraved 
Upon the Meal of Suleymaii the son of Duood, upon both of whom 
be peace 1 Dut, O King, when my family and my brethren come, 

1 will inform them that thou boughtest me with thy money, and 
hast treated me with kindness and beneficence, and it will be meet 
tluit thou confirm my assertion to them. They will also see thy 
statu will) tbeir eyes, and will know that tliou art a King, the son 
of a King. — And thereupon the King said, O my mistress, do what 
seemcth fit to thee, and what tliuu wishest ; for 1 will comply with 
thy dn>ire in all tliat thou wilt do. And tlie damsel said. Know, O 
King of the age, that we walk in tlie sea with our eyes open, and 
MC what is in it, and wc see the sun and the moon and the stars and 
the sky as on the face of the earth, and this huiteth us not. Kiiow 
also, tliat in tlie sea are many peoples and various forms of all tiie 
kinds that are on the land ; and know, moreover, that nil that is on 
the land, in comparison with what is in the sea, is a very small 
matter. — And the King wondered at her words.' 

Then the damsel took forth from her shoulders two piocca of 



THE STORY OF JULLANA'K OF THE SEA. Oil 

Kainarac' Kloes-wood, and touk a bit of them, aj>d, tiaviiig lighted 
a (ire in a perfuining-ressel, tbrvw into it that bit, and slie uttered 
A lotid whUtle, and proceeded to speak n-onU which no one under- 
stood ; whcreopon a great nmoke arose, while the King looked on. 
After this, she niid to the King, O my lord, nrUc and conceal thy- 
self in n closvt, tliat 1 may shew thee my brother and my motlier 
and my family without their seeing thee; for I desire to bring 
them, and thou shait see in tliis place, at this time, a wondL-r, and 
sbalt wonder at the various shapes and strange forms that God 
(whose name be exalted !) hath created. So the King arose imme- 
diately, and entered a closet, and looked to see what she would do, 
And idle proctreded to burn perfume and repeat spelU until tlic sea 
foamed and was agitated, and there eame forth from it a young man 
of comely form, of beautiful countenance, like the moon at the full, 
with shining forehead, and red check, and hair resembling peiarls 
and jewels ; he wjw, of all the creation, the moat like to his sister, 
and the tongue of the case itself seemed to recite in his praise these 
Tenes: — 

^le nuKm b«rotn«lli p«T&i^t once in encli month; but tb* lovelincat of thjr 

hce ii {icrfcct rvciy dny. 
lu abode is in ilwlioarl of ons «ign at a time; but thing abode ia in all heart* 

at VDM. 

Afterwards, there came fortJi from the sea a grizzly-haired old 
woman, and with her live damsels, resembling moons, and bearing 
a likeness to tlie damsel whose name was Jullan£r. Then the 
King saw tlie young man and the old woman and the damsels walk 
u]>on iJie surface of the water until they came to the damsel Jull.t- 
nar ; and when thej' drew near to the window, and Jidlaiiiir beheld 
thi^m, she rose to them and met them with joy and happjncss. On 
tlicir seeing her, they knew her, and they went in to her and embraced 
her, weepiitg violently ; and they said to her, O JuIIanar, how is it 
thai thou leavest us for four years, and we know not the place in 
which thou art ? By Altali, the world was contracted unto u>, by 
reason of the distress occasioned by thy separation, and we had no 
delight in food nor in drink a single day, wccfHng night and day on 
account of tlic excess of our longing to sec thee. — 'llien the damsel 
began to kiss the hand of the young man her brother, and the hand 
of her mother, and so also the hands of the daughters of her uncle, 



THB STORY OF JULLANA'R OF THE SEA. 



and Ihcy sat with hor a while, nxking her respecting her slate, and 
the things thitl h«(l liiip]Hiti'(l to her, nnd her present condition. 

So she said (n ihem, Kuuw ye, thnt whnn I ({uilttsj ynii, ami 
came forth from the sea, 1 sat upon the shore of an island, anil 
s tnan took mc, and sold me to a merchant, and the merchant 
broi^ht mc to this rity, nnd sold mc to ilj( King for ten thou- 
Mtnd piece* of gold. Hien he treated me with attention, and for- 



■■^^ii!'; 




aook all hii concubines and his women and 
his favourites for my sake, and was diverted 
by his regard for me from everything titnt he 



>- 



THE STOny OP JULLANA'R OF THE SEA. 



SOS 



pauii.-»3«tl and wliai waa in hu city. — And when her brother heard her 
words, be said. Praise be to God who hath reunited us with iliee ! But 
it is my desiK, O toy sister, that thou wouldst arise and go with ua to 
our country an<l our family. — So wlien the King livaixl the wrwrds of 
her brother, hi^ reason fled in consequence of his fear lest the 
damsel sliould accept the proposal of her brother, and he could not 
prevent her, though ho was inflamed with love of her; wherefore 
be became perplexed, in violent fear of her separation. But as to 
the damsel Jullanar, on hearing the words of her brother, she said. 
By Allah, () my brother, the roan who purchased me is tlie King of 
this city, aiwl he i* a great King, and a man of wisdom, generous, 
of the utmost liberality. Ue hath treateil itic with honour, and he 
is a person of kiadoesK, and of great weultli, but hath no male child 
nor a female. He lialh shewn faTour to me, and acted w«Il to mo 
in every respect ; and from the <lay when I came to him to the 
present time, I have not heard from him a bad word to grieve my 
heart; but he hath not ceased to treat me with courtesy, and hatb 
done notliing without consulting me, and I am living with him 
in the best of states, ami th« most perfect of enjoymenta. Moro 
oTor, if 1 quitted liim, he would perish : for lie can never endure 
my separation even tar a nitgle hour. I ako, if I quilted liim, 
should die, by reason of the violence of my love for him in conse- 
quence of the excess of his kindness to me during the period of my 
residence with him ; for if my father were living, my condition with 
him would not be like my coiiditiciii with this great, glorious King. 
Ye have seen, too, that I am about to bear him issue; and praise 
be to Ood wlio hath made me to be a daughter of a King of 
the Sea, and my husband the greatest of the Kings of the Land. 
God (whose name be exalted!) aiHicted me not, but compenKated 
me well ; and as the King hath not a male child nor a female, I beg 
Ood (whose name be exalted !) to bless me with a male child that 
may inherit of this great King these buildings and palaces and 
piKisejaions of which God hath made him owner. — And when her 
brother, and tlie daughters of her uncle, heard her words, their eye* 
became cheerful tberrat, and they nuid to her, O Julhinar, thou 
knowest the place which thou hast in our csiimaiion, and art 
acquainted with our affection for thee, and thou art assured that 
tbou art the dearest of all persons to us, and art certain that we 



SGi 



THE STORY OP JULLANA'R OF THE SEA. 



desire for Utcc comfort, without trouble or toil. Tliercfore if tbou 
be not ill a st&tc of comfort, arise and accompany us to our country 
tJiA our family; but if thou be comfortable here, in honour and 
happiness, this is our dcsirv und wish ; for wc desire not aught save 
thy comfort in ^.■^■cry rvspt'Ct. — And Jullanar replied. By Alliih, I 
am in a 8lnt« of the utmost comfort and enjoyment, in lionour and 
desirable happiuess. So when the Kinp heard tliese worib from 
her, he rejoiced, and his heart became tran<juillized, and he thanked 
hor for them; his love for her increased, and penetrated to hit 
heart's core, and he knew that she loved liim as he loved her, and 
that fthe desired to remain with him to see his child which she was 
to bear him. 

Then the damsel Jullaneir of the Sen gave orders to the female 
slaves to bring forward the tiibles and the viandia of all kinds ; and 
Jullan&r herself was the person who superintended the preparation 
of tbfl viands in the kitchen. So the female slaves brought to them 
the viands and the sweetmeats and the fruits; and she ate with her 
fiunily. But ulVrwards they said to her, O JidUnar, thy master is a 
man who is a stranger to us, and we have entered his abode without 
bis permission and without Ids knowledge of us, and thou praisest to 
us bis excellence, and hast also brought to us his food, and we hava 
oaten, hut have not had an interview with him, nor seen hiin, nor 
hatJi he seen us, nor come into our presence, nor eaten with us, 
tliat the bond of bread and salt might be established between us. 
And they all desisted from eating, and were enmged at her, and fire 
began tu issue from their woulbs as fruni cressets.* So when the 
King beheld this, bis reason Hed, in consequence of the violence of 
his fear of them. Then Jullanar rose to them, and Jiootlii-*! their 
henrts ; after which she walked along until she entered the closet in 
which was the King her master ; and she said to him, O my master, 
didst thou see, and didst thou hear my thanks to thee, and my prui^u 
of tboo in the presence of my family; and didst thou hear what they 
said to me, that they desired to take mc with them to our family and 
our country ? The King answered her, 1 heard and saw. May God 
recompense thee for us well 1 By Ailali, 1 knew not the extent of 
tlie love that thou fecUst for me until this blessed hour, and I 
doubt not of thy love for me. — She replied, O my master, in llie 
recompense of beneficence aught but hene6cencc f Thou hast 



THE STORY OP JULLANA'K OF PHF, SEA. 



aert 



treated me wilh beneficence, mid bestowed upon mo great favours, 
and 1 see tliat tbou lovt-st ttie with the titniost love, (tnd tliou hast 
shewn me vwry kindneHS, and preferred me abovti all whom thou 
lovest and desirest. How then couid mj heart he happy to quit 
thi?e, and to depart from thee : and how could that be when thou 
be»towest bi-nefits luid favours upon me? Now I desire of thy good- 
nea« that tliou come and italulc; my family, and see them, and that 
they may see thee, and tliat pleasure and mutual friendship may en- 
sue. But know, O King of the age, that my brother and my mother 
and tlie daughters of my uiicW have conceived a great love for ttiee in 
consequence of my praising thee to them, and they have said, We 
will not depart from thee to our country until we have an interview 
with the King, and salute him. So tliey desire to behold thee, and to 
become familiar with thee. — And tlie King said to her, 1 hear and 
obey ; for this is what I desire. He then rose from hia place, and 
went to them, and saluted them with the best salutation; and they 
hastened to rise to him; they met him in the most poHti- manner, 
Mtd he sat with tlicra in the pavilion, ate with them at the table, 
and remained witli them for a period of thirty days. Then they 
desirMl lo return to llieir country and abode. So they took leave 
of the King, and the Queen Jullanar of the Sea, and departed from 
them, after the King had treated them with the utmost honour. 

After this, Jullnnar fulfilled her period, and she gave birth to a 
boy, resembling the miion at the full, whereat the King experienced 
the utmost tiappiness, because he had not before been blest with a 
son or a daughter during his life. They continued the rejoicings, 
and the decoration [of the city], for a period of seven days, in the 
utmost happiness and enjoyment; and on the seventh day, the 
mother of ttie Queen JuUajiilr, and her brother, and the daughters 
of her unele, all came, when they knew that Jullanar had given 
birth to her child. The King met them, rejoicing at their arrival, and 
said lo them, I said that I would not iinme my son until ye should 
come, and tliat ye should name him according to your knowledge. 
And they named lum Bedr Basim ; ' all of them agreeing as to this 
name. They then presented the boy to his maternal uncle, Sjtch, 
who took him upon his hands, and, rising with him from among them, 
walked about the palace to the right and left ; after which, he went 
forth with him from the palace, descende<l with him to the sea, and 
T«r. Ill, 3 H 



906 



THE STOar OF JULLANA'R OF THE SEA. 



walked ou until ho became concrntcd from the eye of the Kin^. 
So when the King siiw ttiul he hiid tiiken hU son, nud cli»np[n-an-(l 
fnmi tiim at the bottom of tlie sea, he despaired uf him, and began 
to H'eep and vmil. But Jidlannr, seeing him in this state, said to 
him, O King of the age, fear not nor grieve for thy son : for I love 
mj' child more than thou, and my child is with my brother ; ihcre- 
forc care not for thv sea, nor liuar his being drowiu-d. If my 
hrothvr knew that rniy injury -would betide the little one, he 
had not done what he hath done; and presently lie will bring thee 
lliy son safe, if it be the will of God, whose name be exalted ! — 
And but a vhort time hiul elapsed when the sea was ngiiatrd 
and disturbed, and the unde of the liule one came forth from it. 
having with him the King's son safe, and he flew from the ft-a nniil 
he came to them, with the little one in his arms, silent, and his face 
resembling the moon in the night of its fulness. Then the uncle 
of the little one looked towards the King, nnd stiid to him, Perhaps 
thou feared.tt itome injury to thy son when I deacended into the «ru, 
having him nith me. So be replied. Yes, O my matter, I feared 
for him, and I did not imagine that he would ever come forth from 
it safe. And Salch said to him, King of the Limd, wc applied to 
his eyes a collyrium that we know, nn<t repeated over him the 
names eiigrnved upon the seal of Sutey>n£n tlie son of Dilood 
(on b<itli of whom be peace !) ; for when a child is born among us, 
wc do to him as I have told thee. Ft^ar not therefore, on hisi 
account, drowning, nor sulfoeution, nor all the seas if he descend 
into th<^ni. I^ike aw ye walk upon the land, we walk in the %c». 

He then took forth from his pocket a case, written upon, and 
Kaled; and he broke its seal, and scattered its contents, whereupon 
there fell from it strung jewels, consisting of all kinds of jacinths 
and other gems, together with tliree hundred obhmg ruiernlds, and 
three hundred oblmig large jewels, of the size of (he eggs of the 
ostrich, the light of which was more resplendent than the light 
of the sun and the moon. And he said, O King of the age, these 
jewels and jacinths are a present from mc unto ihcc ; for wc never 
brought thee a present, because we knew not the place of Julhmar's 
*bode, nor were acquainted with any trace or tidings of her. So 
when wc saw thei- to have become united to her, and that we all 
had become one, we brought thoe tliis present; and after every 



THE STORY OF JUIXANA'll OF THE SEA. 



1467 



ptrriod o( a few days, we wilt briiig ihue tlie like of it, if it bo ilie 
will at God, whose dbidc be exalted ! For these jcwcU and jacinths 
with a» tm more plentiful tlinn the gravel upon tlic luiul, and wc 
know tile exct'tleiit unioiijf thvtn, und tliv bad, and all tiic vtayx to 
Uicm. and the placea where they are found, and llicy arc eaay 
of access to u«. — And when the King looked si those jewels and 
Jaeiiiths, hi:f reason wna confounded and his mind watt bewildered, 
and he said, By Allah, one of these jewels is wortJi my kingdom ! 
Tlion the King thanked Satch of the Ses for his gcucrosity, and, 
looking towards the Queen JuUanar, lie said to licr, 1 am abashed 
at tliV brother; for he hath shewn favour to int: and presented me 
with tliU magnificent present, wliich the people of the earth would 
fail to procure. So JuUanar thanked her brother for that which 
he had done; but lu-r brother siiid, King of the age, thou hadst 
a prior claim upon us, and to tliank thi-<: hath been incumbent on 
us ; for tlioti hast treated my sister with benelicence, and we havu 
entered thine abode, and eaten of tliy provision ; and the poet hath 
tndp — 

Had / «rp[ ki'fura du iU, In my pnulun for Soods, I lind braird my wtil 

before roprntance esma. 
ftnt ihe wept licforf / did; hri t«ar* drew mine; and I aiiltl, Tim msrit 

belong* to tlir pieccJctii. 



Then f^alch said, If wc stood serving thee, O King of tlie age, 
* thousand years, regarding nothing else, we could not requite 
thee, and our doing so would be but a small thing in comparison 
witli tliy desert. — Tlic King therefore thanked him cloijucntly. 
And 8a]eh remained with the King, he and his mother and tlie 
daughters of his uncle, forty days; after which he arose and 
kissed the ground before the King, the husband of his sister. So 
tlic King said to him, What dost thou desire, O Saleh t And be 
answered, O King of the age, thou hast conferred favours upon us, 
and wc desire of tliy goodness llial tliou wouldst grant us a boon, 
and give us pt-nnission u> depart ; for wc have become desimus of 
seeing again our lamily and our country and our relations and our 
Itomcs. We will not, however, relinquish the service of thee, nor 
my sister nor the son of my sister ; and by Allah, O King of the 
age, to 4[uit you is not pleasant to my heart ; but how can we act, 




wlicii we havo been reared in the aea, and the land is not agreeiible 
lo u* ? — So when ihe King heard his words, he rose upon his feet, 
and liade farewell to Saleh of the Sea and his mother and the 
daughters of his uncle, and they wept t(^ethcr on account of th« 
sepantdou. Then they said to the King, In a short time wc shall 
be with you, and wc will never rvliiiqiiixh you, but after every 
period of a few days we will visit you. And after tliiK, tht-y flew 
towards the sea, and descended into it, and disappeared. 

Tile King treated Jullaiuir with beneficence, and honoured her 
Rxceedtngly, and the little one grt^w up well; nnd his maternal 
uncle, with his grandinotiier and tlie daughters of hix miele, after 
erery period of a few days u»ed to come to the residence of the 
King, and to remain with him a month, and two months, and then 
return lo their places. Tlie boy ceased not, with increase of age, 
to increase in benuty and loveliness until his age became fifU'cn 
years; and he was incomparable in his perfect beauty, and his 
etaturc and his justness of form. He had learned writing and 
reading, and history and grammar and philology, and archery ; and 
he Icjimcd lo play witli the spear; and he also learned Iiorsvman- 
ship, and all ihnt the sons of the Kings retjuired. 'Ilien- was not 
one of the children of the inhabitants of tlie city, men and women, 
tluit ulked not of the charms of that young man ; for he was of 



THE STOUY OP JUU-ANA'R OF THE SEA. 



2ti9 



nirpassing loveliness and perfection ; and the King loved him 
greatly. Then the Kiug summoned (he wezcer and the emccm und 
the lorda of the empire and the great men of the kingdom, and made 
them swear 1>y binding oaths ilint they would make Bcdr Bdsiiii 
King over them afier his father ; ao ihey nwori; to him hy binding 
o«th«, and rrjoiced thereat; and the King liiniself was beneficent 
to tlie people, courlcotis in speech, of auspicious aspect, saying 
ootliing hut what waa for the good of the people. And on the 
following day, tlic King mounted, together with tlie lords of the 
empire and all the emecrs, and all the soldiers walked with liim 
tliTough the city and returned; and when they drew near to the 
palace, tlie King dismounted to wait upon liis son, and he and all 
the emeers and the lords of the empire hore the ghashiyeh" before 
him. Each one of the emeers and the lords of the empire bore the 
ghashiyeli u while; und they ceased not to proceed until they 
arrived at the vextihulc of the palace; the King's son riding. 
Tliercupoii he alighted, and his father embraced him, he and the 
cttwen, and iWy seated him upon the throne of the kingdom, 
while his father stood, as also did the emeers, before him. Then 
BedrRasim judged the people, displaced the tyraimical and invested 
the just, and continued to give judgment until near midday, when 
he roae from the throne of the kingdom, and went in to his mother 
Jullanar of the Sea, iinving upon his head tlic crown, und rt^scm- 
bling tlie moon. So when his mother saw him, and tlie King before 
him, she rose to him and kissed him, and congratulated him on his 
devotion to the dignity of Sultan ; and she offered up a prayer in 
favour of him and Ins father for length of life, and tHetory over 
their enemies. He then nat willi his mother and rested ; and when 
the time of a flernoon- prayers arrived, he rode with tlie emeers 
before liim until lie came to tlie horsc-eourse, where he played with 
arms till the time of nightfall, together with his father and thn 
lords of his empire; after which he returned to the palace, with all 
the people before him. Every day he used to ride to the horse- 
counte; and when he relumed, he sat to judge the people, and 
adminbtcred justice between tlic emccr and the poor man. He 
cvMsed not to do thus for n whole yeiir ; and after that, he used to 
ride to the chas<-, and to go about tlirough the cities and provinces 
that were under his rule, making proclamation of safety and se- 



«70 



THE STOUy OF JULLASA'B OP THE 8EA. 



curity, and iluiiig ti* do tlic Kiii)^ ; aiul lie waw iucumiMirable aiiiotig 
tho people of Ilia age in glory and courage, and in justice to the 
pcopk', 

Now it came lo pass tliut Uic old King, the TatliL-r of Bcdr 
Basim, fell sick one day, whereupon Itis licart throbbed, a»d he 
felt that he wus about lo he removed to the maiiHion of eternity. 
'I'hcn Wis midady increased to lluit lit? was at tlie point of death, 
lie therefore suiDRioned hi» sou, and charged him to tiUce curv of 
his subjects and his mother and all the lords of his empire and 
all tlie dependants. He also made them swear, and covenanted with 
them, that they would obey his son, a second lime ; and he con- 
fided in their oaths. And after this, he remained a few days, and 
was admittetl to the mercy nf God, who»e name be exalted ! His 
son Uedr Baaim, and his wife Jullanar, and the emeera and wezecrit 
and tlic lords of the empire, mourned over Itim ; and they made for 
him a tomb, and buried him in it, and continued the ceremonies of 
mounting for him a whole month, ^alcli, the brother of Jullanur, 
and her mother, nnil the daiighlen of her uncli-, alxo e^tme, and 
consoled them for the loss of the King ; and they said, O Jullaiiur, 
if the King hath died, he hath left this ingenious youth, and be 
who bath left such as he is hath not died. This is he who liatli not 
an equal, the crushing lion, and the splendid moon. — Then tli« 
lords of the empire, and the grandees, went in to the King Bvclr 
Busim, and xaid to him, O King, there is no iiarm in mourning for 
the King; but mourning bccometh not any save women; ihen^fore 
trouble not thy heart and ours by mounung for thy father ; for he 
bath died and left thee, and he who hath left such as thou art hath 
not died. They proceeded to address him with soft words, and to 
console hmi, aiu) after tliiit they conducted him into t)ie bath ; and 
when be came forth from the bath, he put on a magnificent tmit 
woi'en of gold, adorned with jewels and jacinths, and he pot tiiv 
royal crown upon his head, setited himself upon the throne of his 
kingdom, and performed llie nffaiM of the people, deciding etjui* 
tably between the strong and the weak, and exacting for tho poor 
man his due from tho cmccr; wherefore tlie people loved him 
exceedingly. Tluis he eontintivd to do for the space of a whole 
year; nnd after every short period, his family of the sea visited 
him ; so his life was pleasant, and lits eye was cheerful j and ho 
cvased not to live in thin state for a length of time. 




THE STORY OP BEDR BA'sIM AND Ju'lURAll. 



After lliis, it happened that his maternal uncle come in one 
night to Julliuiar, and saluu^d her; whereupon she rose to him and 
einbraetKl him, and >eat«d him hy her side, and said to biro, O my 
hntther, Itow art thon, and how are nir mollicr and the daughters 
of my uncle? He answered her, O ray sUter, they are well, in 
piosprrity and great happiness, and nothing is wanting to them but 
the sight of thy face. Then slic oJTcrcd him sonic food, and lie ate ; 
and. conversation enxuitig between iheui, ihey mentioned tlie Kin g 
Bcdr Bosim, and hia beauty and loveliness, and his stature and 
justness of form, and his horsemanship and intelligence and poHtc 
itccomplishmcnls. Now the King Bedr B/wim was reclining; and 
vlwn he heard his mother and hi» uncle mentioning him and 
conrerung respecting him, he pretended that he waa asleep, and 
listened to their talk. And Saleh said to his sister Jullanar, The 
age of thy son is seventeen years, and he hatli not married, and n*c 
fear that something may happen lo him, and he ni«y not hnvi; a son. 
I therefore desire to marry hira to one of the Uuecms of the Sea, 
that shall be like him in beauty and Iovehness.~So JuHamir ro- 
phed, Mention them to me; for I know ihcm. Accordingly he 
pnKeetdcd to enumcraU? them to her, one after another, whil« ihe 
said, 1 approve not of this for my son, nor will I marry him save to 
her who is like him in beauty and loveliness, and intelligence and 



87tf THE STORY OF BEDR BA'SIM AND JcyHARAH. 

religion, (ind polite nccompliBlimcnta ajid kindness of nature, and 
dominion iind r«iik and doscrnt. Aiid lie said to her, I know not 
one more of the daughters of Uio Kings of t}ic Sea, and I have 
enumerated to thee more than a hundred damKcU, j-<;l not one 
of them plcascth tliec: but see, O my sister, whether Uiy son 
be asleep or not She therefore felt liim, and she found that he 
bore the appearance of sleep: so she said to him, He is jutleep: 
what then Iiast thou to say, and what is tiiy de*ire witli regard to 
his sleeping f 

He answered her, O my sister, know tliat I have remembered a 
clainsel, of tlie damsels of the Sea, suitable to thy son ; but I fi^'ar 
to mention her, lest thy son should be awake, and his heart should 
be entangled by love of her, and perhaps wo may not be able to gain 
access to her : so he and we and the lords of his empire would be 
wearied, luid trouble would bcfoU us in consequence thereof. The 
poet hatli said, — 

Luv(^, at iti comini-nccmvnt. ia liki^ running uliva; but wh«n it hath gsiucil 
awoiidanc}-, it ia lllic • wid4 ttn. 

^And when his sister heard his words, she replied, Tel) me what 
is the condition of this damsel, and what is her name; for I know 
tite damsels of tlic Sea, the daughters of Kings and of otlicrs; and 
if 1 sec her to be suitnblc to him, 1 will dirmand her in marriage of 
her father, though I expend upon lier all that my hand poesessclh. 
Acquaint me therefore with her, and fear not aught; for mj son is 
asleep. — He said, I fear that he may be awake ; and the poet hath 
said, — 

I lovvil lirr wlieii lift qiialitin wrrr dcinibcd ; tot >oinctiin«i the cor lovclh 
livron: llie tyr. 

But Jullanir replied. Say, and be brief, and fear not, O my brother. 
And he said, By Allah, O my sister, none is suitable to thy son 
excepting the Queen Joharab," the duughter of the King Es- 
Scmcndcl," and she is like him in beauty and loveliness and ele- 
gance and perfection, and tliere existeth not in the sea nor on the 
land any one more graceful or more sweet in natural endowments 
than she. For she hath beauty and loveliness, and handsome 
stature and just form, and red chuck and bright forehead, and hair 



THE STORY OF BEDR BA'SIM AND JCHAKAH. 



•47S 



like jewels," «nil liir^c blnck vye, and henvy hips and h sleuder 
waist, and a lovely countenance. When slie loolceth aside, she 
putteth to slmnio tlie wild cows" aiid the gaEollea; and wlien she 
walkcth nntli a vacillating gait, the willow-branch Is envious; and 
when she djsplayetk her countenance, she confoundeth the sun and 
the moon, and cuptivateth cvi-rj' beholder: she is sweet-lipped, 
gentle in dispoaitioti. — And when she heard the words of her bro- 
ther, she replied, Thou hast gpokt-'n truth, O my bmtlier. By 
Allah, I have seen her many times, and she waa my eoni[>aiii»n 
when we were little children ; but now we have no acquaintance 
with each other, beeauxe of the distance between us; and foe 
eighteen years I have not seen licr. By Allah, none is suitable to 
my son except her. 

Now when Bcdr Basim heard their words, and understood what 
dey said from first to last in description of the damspl that ^iileh 
euliiined, Johariih the daughter of the K.ing Es-Scmendel, he 
became eiianioured of her by llic ear ; but he pretended to tliein 
that lie was asleep. A flame of fire was kindled in lii^t heart on her 
account, ajid he was drowned in a sea of which neitlier aliore imr 
bottom was seen. Then Saleh looked towards his sister JullanAr, 
and said to her, By Allali, O my sister, there Is not among the 
Kings of the Sea any one more stupid than her lather, nor is there 
any of greater power than he. Therefore «ci|u.unl not thy son with 
the cose of this damsel uiilil we demand her in marriage for him of 
her father; and if he fuvour us by aMMiting to our proposal, w« 
jtraiae God (whose name be exalted!); and if he reject us, and 
marry her not u> thy son, wo *vill remain at ease, and demand iu 
marriage another. — Ajid when Jullauar heard wliat her brother 
^aleh said, she replied. Excellent is tlie opinion thai tliou haitl 
fon»e<l. Then they were silent; and they pawi-d that night. In 
ihe heart of the King Bedr Basim wu.t ii flume nf (ire, kindled by 
his passion for the Queen Joharah ; but he concealed Ids case, and 
said not to his mother nor to hia uncle aught respecting her, though 
he was tortured by love of her as though he were on burning coals. 
And when they arosi^ in the morning, the King and his uncle 
entered the bath, and washed: then they came forth, and drank 
some wine, and the attendants placed before iheni the food : so the 
King Bcdr Basiui and Ids mother and his uncle ate until they were 

r«L. III. 2 X 



t» 



TBCTTOftT or 



■msf .iini JcrHAttAH. 




AaA ^ka that, S£M rose upon 
fisB aail Uk BdAcr JulUnar, 
gv to aij BO&cr; &r I hnvc beCo 
I tfebearts of Bj ftmilj btv tnrabled 
cnectmg me. Bat tfae King Bedi 
Bisn snd B9 kia oadc Sikh, RaDttB with ns Urn <Uy. And be 
•MHffied with fawmjncst. 

Badr Bin tboi sad, Amr with m. O mj tmde, and go &cth 
williw to IW gudo. So tfaqr wou to Ih0 gndcB, md proceecled 
to dtTcri aotl rvcTCAte thfowrh ea; aaA the Ktog Bcdr Buiin *eate<l 
hiiiMrlf beneath a ahadj tree, JcMriag u km aad ileep ; but be 
RBesbotd what ha nade $&h had aaii, dncnbii^ the dun»el 
and her beaau- aod loKfioMi^ ami hi Ati manj tears, and rrcittrd 
these two renes: — 



Wen il mii W BB, «Uk tfa* I 

la Hf b««t aoi b*««h, 
WMfcfat the* ndwr ikit A. 



wkUa atv lad tke Bie bloiiox 
h*hsU iWm, at a *w|tlir of purv 



Tlirn far Ianient«l and groaiwd and wept, and recited these two 
other Terse* : — 




'^r-. - 



THE STORY OP BEDR BAIilM AND JCHARAH. 



2T5 



Wbo vill UT« nit front tlio love of a cliorming gatelle, willi a fuc* llkv tho 

■uu : iwy. store lovely f 
Hj licmt iriu at eu«, Tri-t- fn>iii luvu uf liar; but aow butncth vrllh pouioii 

fur the daiighter of Et^titiviideL 

So nrlicii hU uncle ^k-li lieanl what he Mnid, he xtruck hand upon 
iuuid, au<l said. There is no deit^ but God: MMhiimniad in the 
kpostle of God: and there is no strength nor power but in God, 
tthe lli^ht the Great! Then he said to him. Didst thou hear, O 
ray BOO, what 1 and thy mother snld respecting the Queen J6barab, 
and our nu-ntion of hor qualities ? fiedr Basim answered, Yes, O 
my uncle, and 1 became euainoured of licr from hearsay, when I 
iivard what ye said. My heart ia devoted to her, and I have not 
paliencc to remain absent Irom her. — Saleh therefore said to him, 

King, let us return to thy mother and acquaint her with the ease, 
and I will a»k her to permit me tu take thee wilh me and to 
detnftnd in marriage for lliee the Oueen Joliarah, Then we mil 
bid her farewell, and 1 will return with thee; for 1 fear that, if I 
took (hee and went without her peiroission, sho would be ineen>ed 
M^-ainst me, and she would be right, as I should be the cause of your 
separation, like as I was the cause of her sopaiation from us. The 
city, too, would be without a King, its people having none to 
gOTom (hem, and to sec to their cases: so the state of ihe empire 
would become adverte unto thee, and the kingdom would depart 
Irom thy liand. — But when Bedr Basiin heard the words of his 
uncle Saleh, he replied, Know, O my uncle, that if I return to my 
mother and consult lier on this subject, she will not allow me to do 
it; therefore I will not return to her, nor eonstilt her ever. And 
he wept b<-forc bis uncle, and aaid to liini, I will go witli thee, and 

1 will not inform her, and then I will return. So when Saleli 
lieard the words of his sister's son, lie was perplexed at his case, 
and said, I beg »id of God (whose name be exalted !) in every 
circumstance. 

Then Saleh, seeing his sifter's son in this state, and knowing 
that he dexired not to return to his mother, but would go with 
him, took from his finger a scal-ring on which were engraved somo 
of the names of God (whose name be exalted !), and huiided it to 
the King Bcdr Basim, saying to him, put this upon thy finger, and 
thou wilt b« secure from (howningand from other accidents, and 



27fi 



THE STORY OF BEDB BA'SIM AND JO'HARAH. 



&om the DoxiousneM of the bcMtt oT tlie Ms wkI iu great fishes. 
So ttie King B«dr Biiaiai took the wal'ring from his uncle Saleh, 
and put it upon his finf^cr; after which, they plunged into the sea, 
and ceased not in their courec until the; arrired Ht tlic palace of 
Sftlch, when they entered it, and Bedr Bisiin's grandmothvr, the 
mother of his mother, saw him, as she sal, attended hy her 
relations. Wlien they went in to them, they kissed tlieir hands ; 
and as soon as Bcdc fiasim's gnuidmotJicr saw him, she roec to him 
and embraced htm, kissed him between the eyes, and snid to liim, 
Thine arriral is blesMrd, O my son! How ditUl tliou leave thy 
mother JuUaiiar? — He suvswcrwl her, Well; in prosperity and 
heulth; and she uluteth thee and the daughters of her uucle. 
Then Sfileh aequainted his mother with that which had occurred 
between him and his sister Jullanar, and that the King Bedr Ba^im 
had become enamoured of the Queen Joharah, the daughter of tlic 
King Es-Semcndel, from hearsay. He related to her the story 
Trom lieginiiing to end, and said, He hath not come hut fur the 
purpose uf demanding her in marriage of her father, and marrying 
her. 

But when the grandmother of the King Bedr Biisim heard the 
words of Saleh, she wa:i violently incensed against him, and was 
agitated and grieved, and she said to him, O my son, thou Iiost erred 
in mentimiing the Queen Joharali, the daughter of the King E«- 
Scmen<Iel, before the son of thy wslcr ; for thou knowest that the 
King Es-Semeudcl is stupid, overbearing, of Uttle sense, of great 
power, niggardly of his daughter Jfiharah towards those who demand 
her in marriage j for all the Kings of the Sea have demanded her of 
him, and he refused, and approved not one of them, but rrjccted 
them all, and said to them. Ye arc not equal to Iicr in beauty nor in 
loveliness, nor in otlier qualities than thoise. And we fear to de- 
mand her in ntarriage of her father ; for he would reject us as he 
halh rejected others ; and wc are people of kindness ; so we should 
return broken-hearted. — And when Siileh ht^ard what his Diother 
said, he replied, O my niutlier, what is to be done ? For the King 
Bedr Bosiin became enamoured of this damsel when I mentioned 
her to my sister Jullanar, and he said, We ma^l demand her in 
marriage of Iier father thongh I should give away all my kingdom. 
And lie hath assertoil, that if he marry her not he will die of love 



THE STORY OF BEDR BA'SIM AND JViiAKAII. 



277 



aiid desire for her. — Tlien Saleli snid to liis mollier. Know timt Uii; 
son of tny siitter ia more beautiful and more lovely than she, a>id 
tbat bis father waa Kin;; of all the Persians, and he is non their 
King, and Joharah is not suilnble to any but him. I Imvc resolved 
that I will take jewels, coDKisting of jacinths and ollR'r gems, and 
convey a present befitting liim, and demand her nf him in marriage. 
If lie «]l«g« M a pret<!Xt to ux th.il he is a King, so nlso is he « 
Kiny, tlie son of a King. And if he allege as a pretext to us her 
loveliness, he is more lovely than she. Again, if he allege as a pro- 
text to us the extent of dominions, he hatli more extensive domi- 
nions tlian she and than her fiither, and hath mure numerous troops 
and guards ; for his kingdom is greater than ttie kingdom of her 
father. I must endeavour to accomplish this affair of the son of my 
sister, though my life be lost thereby, since I was the cause of this 
event; and as I east him mto the seas of her love, 1 will strive to 
(■fleet his marriage to her; and may Ciiid (whotie mune be exulted !) 
aid me to do th.it ! — So hi.t mother Raid to him, Do as ihou wilt^ and 
beware of speaking rudely to liira when thou addresaest him; for 
thou knowest his stupidity and his power, and t fear lest lie make 
o violent attack upon thee, since he knoweth not the dignity of any 
one. And lie replied, I hear and obey. 

He tlicn arose, and took with him two lentliern bags full of 
jewels and jacinths, and oblong emoraids, and precious minerals of 
all kinds of stones, and, having made his young men carry them, he 
proceeded with them, he and the son of hi^ sister, to the palace of 
the King Kit-Semendcl. Htr a.«ked permission to go in to him, and 
permiision was given him ; and when he entered, he kissed the 
ground before him, and saluted with the best salutation. And 
when lie King Es-Semcndel saw him, he rose to him, treated him 
with the utmost honour, and ordered him to sit. So he sat, and 
after he had been seated a while, the King said to him, Thine 
arrival is blessed. Thou hast made us desolate by thine absence, 
OS&leh. Wiatisthy want, that thou hast eomc unto us ? Acquaint 
mc with thy want, that I may perform it for lliec,— .\nd upou this 
he rose, and kissed the ground a second time, iind said, O King of 
the age, my want respectelh God, and the magnanimous King, and 
ihe hold lion, the report of whose good qualities the caravans have 
borne abroad, and whose fame haLli been published in the provinces 



278 



TilE STOKV OF BEUH BA'SIM AND JCHAUAH. 



uid cities, for liberality and beneficence, and pardon and clcincncy 
and obliging conduct. Then lie opc-n«d the two lealliern bags, and 
took forth from tlicin tlie jcwcIi and otlirr things, and scattered 
tlicm before the King Es-Semendel, saying to him, O King of tl>e 
age, ]>crhaps thou wilt accept my present, and shew Civour to mr, and 
comfort my heart by accepting it from me. Upon this, the King 
Es-Svtneiidei said to him. For what reason hast thou pre^iitvd to 
me Ibis present ? Tell me thine aifair, and acquaint me with thy 
want; and if I be nble to perform it, 1 will perform it for thee this 
iiutant, aud not oblige thcc to weary thyself; but if I Iw unable to 
perform it, God imposeth not upon a pcraon aught save wlial he is 
able to accomplisih." — Then Saleh nrovc, and kissed the ground 
three lime*, and said, O King of the age, verily the tJiing that I re- 
quire thou art able to perform, and it is in thy power, and thou art 
master of it. 1 impose not upon the King a difficulty, nor am 1 
mad, that I should ask of tlie King a tiling thnt he is unable to do ; 
for one of the sages hath said, If thou desire that tliy request should 
bo complied with, aak that which is possible. Now as to the thing 
that 1 have come to demand, the King (may God preserve him!) 
b able to do it. — So the King said to him, A$k the thing that thou 
requirest, and exphun thine afliiir, and demand what thou desirest. 
And he said to him, O King of ilie age, know that I have conic to 
thee as a niarriage-auitor, desiring tlie unique pearl, and the hi<iden 
jewel, the Quocn Joharali, the daughter of our lord ; then disap- 
point not. O King, him who applieth to thcc. 

But when the King heard his words, he laughed so that he fell 
backwards, in derision uf him, and replied, O Salch, I used to think 
thee a man of sense, and an excellent young man, who attempted 
not Dughl but what was right, and uttered not aught but what was 
jusU What hath happened to thy reason, uid urged thee to this 
monstrous thing, und gri-nt peril, that thou demandml in marriage 
die daughters of Kingn, iJie lords of cities and provinces. Art tliou 
of a rank to attain to this high eminence, and hath thy reason de- 
creased to this extreme degree that thou coitfrotitvst me willi these 
worils? — So Saleh said, May G«<l amend the stale of the King! 
I demanded her not in marriage for myself; yet if I demanded her 
for myself, I am hor equal ; nay more ; for thou knowest that my 
father was one of the Kings of the Sea, if thou art now oui King. 



THE STORY OF IJEUft BA'SIM AND JCHARAH. 



279- 



But 1 clvmajidecl Iter nut iit inArringu >ave for the King HhAt Bi'utim, 
lurd of ihe prorinces of Persia, wlioite fatlic^r was tite Kinf; Sh^h Ze- 
man, find thou knowest hU power. If thou n^scri that thuu art a greut 
King, the King Bcdr Bisim is a greater King : nnd if thou boastest 
that tliy daughlvr i.t lovely, tin; King Bcdr Bii^im is more lovely 
than she, and more beautiful in form, juid more excellent in rank 
and di-«cent ; and he Is the horseman of his age. So if thou absent 
to that which I have asked, of thee, thou wilt, O King of the age, 
hare put llic thing in its proper place ; nnd If thou bch«ve arrogantly 
towards us, ttiou trcjitt^st um not v({uiuil)ly, nor ptirsuest with us the 
right way. Thou knowesl. O King, that this Qu^eu Jdlinrali, the 
daughter of our lord the Kinj;, must be married ) for the sage saitli, 
Thr inevitable lot of the damsel is i^itber marriage or the grave ; — 
and if thou design to marry her, the son of my sister is more worthy 
ifif her than all the rest of men. — But when the King Es-Semendel 
rtt the words of the King Sdleh, he was violently enraged ; his 
reaMn ahnont dvpartvd, and his soul almost quitted his body, and 
he said to hint, O dog of men, doth such a one as thyself address 
me with these words, and dost thou mention my daughter in the 
aasemblies, and say that the son of thy sister JuUanar is her equal ? 
Who then art thou, and who is thy sister, and who is her son, and 
who was his father, tliat tliou sayest to me these words, and addresses! 
me with this discourse ? Are yc, in comparison witli her, aught 
but dogs?- — Then lie called out to his young men, and said, O young 
men, take the head of this young wretch ! 

So tliey look the swords and drew them, and sought to slay him ; 
but be turned his back in flight, seekuig the gate of the palace ; and 
when he arrived at the gate of the palace, he saw the sons of his 
uncle, and his relations and tribe and young men, who were more 
than a thousand horsemen, buried in iron and in coats of muil put 
one over another, and having in their hands xpears and bright sword.-t. 
On their seeing S&leb in this stale, they said to him, What is tlie 
news r He therefore told them his story. And his mother had sent 
them to his assistance. So when they beard his words, tliey knew 
that the King was stupid and of grc^nt power, and tliey alighted from 
their homes, and drew their swords, and went in to the King Es- 
Semendcl. They saw him sitting upon the throne of his kingdom, 
heedless of these people, and violently enraged against Sdleh ; and 



i80 



THE SI'ORY Of 8EDR BA'SIU AND JCyilARAII. 



tbey saw his s«n'iiiiLi and tiu young men and his guards unprepared ; 
and when he beheld tlieni, with the drawn swords in their hand«, hr 
cail«d out to his people, uying, Oil ! wo to jou ! Telce yc the 
h«ads of these dogK ! — But tliere had not elapsed niore tliim n little 
while before the party of tlio King Ks-Senicudcl were routed, and 
betook themNcIvi-ii to Right ; and ^eh and his relations had seized 
the King F^Seineudel, and bound his bands behind hint. 

Isow Juhaiah, awaking from ule^-i^ was iikfornied tliat her 
faliier was taken a captive, and that his guards Iwd been slain. So 
she went forth from the pahiee, and lied to one of the islands, where 
she rci>.tirt?d to a lofty tree, and she concealed herself upon it. And 
wiien these two parties contended together, some of the young men 
of the King Es-Semendel ficd, and Bcdr fiasim, sM-i»g tliein, tukcd 
them respecting their case; whereupon they acquainted him with 
that which had Imppencd. Therefore, on his Itearing that the King 
Es>Semeiidcl had been svixed, he tunied his buck in light, fearing 
for himself, and said in his heart, Verily this disturbance originated 
on my account, and none is tlie object of search but myself. He 
tamed back in flight, seeking safety, and knew not whither to go. 

But the destinies fixed from all 
eternity drove him to that island 
upon which was Joharah, the 
daughter of the King Es<Sc- 
meiidcl i aud he came to the 
tree, and threw hinisvlf down 
like one slain, desiring to take 
rest by his prostrate position, 
and not knowing that every one 
who is an object of search resl- 
eth not, and none knowetl) wliat 
is hiiidni from liim in the se- 
crets of destiny. And when lie 
lay down, he turned up his eyes 
towards the tree, and his eye 
met that of Joharah : so he 
looked at lier, and saw her 
10 be like the moon when it 
shineth ; and he said, Extolled 




THE STORY OF BEDil BA'SIM AND JO'IIAHAII. 



281 



be Uie perfection of the Creator of this surprising form! and 
He ii the Creator of cvcrytliing, ^nd ii Almighty! Extolled 
be the perfection of God, the Great, the Creator, the Maker, 
the Former! By Allah, if my imapnation tell me truth, this 
must be Joharah the daughter of the King Es-Scmendel. I 
suppose that when she heard of tlic conflict happening between 
the two parties, she fled, and came to tliis island, tiiid hid her- 
self upon this tree; but if this be not the Queen Juhnrali, tliis Is 
more beautiful than she. — Then he proceeded to meditate upon 
her case, and said withiu himself, I will rise and lay hold upon 
her, and ask her respecting her state ; and if this be slio, I will 
demand her in marriage of hencif, and this is the thing I seek. 
So he stood erect upon liis feet, and wiid to Joharah, O utmost 
object of desire, who art thou, and who brought thee unto thi* 
place? And Joharah, looking at Bedr Busim, .saw him to be like 
the full moon when it appeareth from behind the black cloudn, of 
elepatit stature, comely in his smile. She therefore said to him, O 
thoQ endowed with comely qunlities, I am the Queen Joharah, the 
daughter of the King Es-Semendfl, and 1 hiivc fled to this place 
because l^leli and his truofis liuve fuuglit with my fittlier and slain 
his troops, and made him a captive, together with some of his 
troopii: so I fled, in fear for myself. Then ttic Queen Joharah 
said to the King Bcdr Baaim, And 1 eame not to this placid wave in 
flight, fearing skughu>r; and I know not what fortune hath done 
«rith my father. And when Bedr Bnsim heard her words, he won- 
dered extremely at this strange coinei deuce, mid said, No doubt 1 
have attained my desire by the capture of her father. He thou 
looked at her, and said to her, Descend, O my mistrcM ; for I am a 
nctim of thy love, and thine eyes have captivated me. On account 
of me and tlieo were this disturl»mce and tliesc conflicts. Know 
that I am Uie King Bedr Btiaiin, tlie King of Persia, and that 
l^eb ta Diy maternal uncle, and ho is the person who came to tliy 
father and demanded thee of him in marriage. 1 have left my 
kingdom on thine aceount, and our meeting now is a wonderful 
coincidence. Arise then, and descend to me, tliat [ may go with 
thee to Die palace of thy father, and ask my uncle Salch to release 
him, and marry thee lawfully. 

But when Johontli beard the words of Bedr Bosim^ she said 



VOUUI. 



3o 



S8S 



THE STORY OF BEUR BA'SIM AND JO'HAKAH. 



within herself, Oil iiccuunt of Uu> bn«e young vretch hath this 
ev«nt h«]>pviicd, iind my father been made u captive, and his cham> 
berlains and his altendaiilA have been sisin, and 1 harci become 
separated from my palace, and come forth an exile from my comitry 
to thia island. If now I employ not some stratagem with him, 
thereby to defend myself from him, he will gain possession of mo, 
and attjiin his desire; for lie is in love; and tlic lover, whaterer he 
doth, is not to ho blamed for it.— Then she beguiled him with 
word*, and with soft discourse, and tie knew not wIiaI artifices she 
had devised against him ; and she said to him, (> my master, and 
light of my eye, art lliou Uie King Bedr Bn»im, the son of the 
Queen Jullauitr ? So he answered her. Yes, O my mi«lret(S. And 
she said. May God cut olT my father, and deprive him of his king- 
dom, and not comfort his heart, nor restore him from estrangement, 
if he desire a person more comely than thou, and aught more 
comely than these charming endowments ! By Allah, he is of 
little sense and judgment! — She then said to him, O King of the 
age, blame not my father for that which he hath dont-. If the 
measure of thy love for me be a span, tliat of my love for tliee is a 
cubit. I have fallen into the snare of thy love, and become of the 
number of thy victims. The love that thou hadat is transferred to 
me, and tlicre rcmaincth not of it with thcc aught save as much as 
the tenth part of what I feel. — Tlicn she descended from the tree, 
and drew near to him, and came to htm and embraced him, pressing 
him to her bosom, and began to kiss him. So when the King lledr 
B^im saw what she did to him, his love for her increased, and his 
desire for her became violent. He imagined tliat she was enamoured 
of him, and he confided in her, and proceeded to embrace her and 
kiss her. And he said to her, O Queen, by Allah, my uncle Saleh 
did not describe to mc the quarter of the tenth part of thy love* 
liness, nor the ([uartcr of a keeral of four and twenty keenita.'* 
Then J6hara1i pressed him to her bosom, and uttered some words 
not to be understood ; after which, she spat in his face, and said to 
him, Be changed from this hum<m form Into the form of a bird, the 
most beautiful of birdx, with white feathers, and red bill and feet. 
And her words were not ended >»efore the King Bcdr Bosim became 
(mnsfonned into the shape of a bird, the most beautiftd tluit could 
be of birds ; and he shook, and stood upon bis feet, looking at 



THE STORY OF BEDR BA'SIM AND JO'IIARAH. 



SSS 



Joharah. Now >he hsd with Lcr (t damsel, one of her female 
slaves, named Marseenvb," and »lie looked at her ttnH said. By 
Alluh, were it not tlmt I fear on accmint oF my ratlu-r's being a 
cnplirc with his uncle, I had slain Iiim, and may God not recom- 
{Krnsc him wt-U; for bow unfortunate was his coming unto us; all 
this di!tlurbaiic« baring bevn c&vcted by his means ! But, O slave- 
girl, take him, and convey him to the Thirsty Island, and leave him 
there that he may die of thirst. — So the slave-girl took him, and 
conveyed him to the island, and was about to return from him ; but 
slw said within herself, By Allah, the person endowed with tlii* 
beauty and loveliness desenrcth not to die of thirst. Then she took 
him forth from the Tlnrsty Island, and brought him to an island 
abounding witli tree* and fruits and rivers, and, liaviiig put him 
upoD it, retumud to her mistress, and said to her, I have put him 
upon the Thirsty Island. — Such was tlie case of Bedr Basim. 

But a» to Saleh, the uncle of tlie King Bedr Basim, when he 
Itad got poMesdion of the King E»>Semende1, and slain his guards 
and Hcrvants, and the King had become his captive, he sought 
J6harah, the King's daughter ; but found her not. So he returned 
to his palace, to ilie presence of his mother, and siiid, O my mother, 
where is the ion of my sister, tlie King Bedr Basim ? She an- 
swered, O my son, by Allah, I have no knowledge of him, nor 
know I whither he hath gone; for when he was told that thou 
had«t fought with the King Es-Semendel, and that conllictji and 
aJaugliter had ensued between you, he was terrified, and Ited. So 
when Sileh heard the word* of his motlier, lie grieved for the son 
of his sister, and said, O my mother, by Allah, we have acted neg- 
ligently with respect to the King Bedr Basiin, and I fear that he 
will perish, or that one of the soldiers of the King Es-Semcndel 
may fall upon him, or that the King's daughter, Joharah, may fait 
upon him, and shume will betide us from his mother, and good will 
not betide us from her ; for I took him without her pennission. 
Then he sent guards and spies al^er him, through the sea and in 
otlier dircs:tions, but tliey met with no ti<lings of him : wherefore 
they returned, and infonned the King SAIeh thereof; and his 
anxiety and grief increased, and Ins bosom became eoutroctcd on 
account of the King Bedr Bnaim.— Thus was it with them. 

Next, with r^ard to Bedr Basim's mother, Jullaiiar of the Sea, 



284 



THE STORY OF BEDIl BASIM AND JO-HARAH. 



when her son liad descended into the sea witli lii» uncle Si'ileli, she 
wnitcd expecting him; but he n-tiime<i not to h«r, and lidings of 
him wer<! long kept rmm her. So xhc remained many days expect- 
ing him; iiflt-r which she arose, and descended into the sea, and 
came to her mother ; and when her mother saw her, she rose l« her, 
■nd kioaed her and embraced her, as did also the daughters of her 
uncle. She then asked her mothtfr respecting the Kiug Bedr 
BiLdm, and her mother answered her, O my daiighter, he came 
with his uncle, and his uncle took jacinths and jeweb, and went 
with them, he and Bedr Basjm, to the King Es-Semendcl, and 
demanded in marriage his daughter : but the KJnp assented not to 
his proposal, and he was \'iolcnt to thy brother in his word.t. I 
tliereforc sent to thy brother about a thousand hom^men, and a 
conHicl ensued between (hem and the King Es-Semendel ; but God 
aided thy brotlier against them, and he alew his guards and his 
troops, and made the King Es-Semendel a captive. So tidings of 
this cTcnl reached thy son, and apparently be feared for himself; 
wherefore lie fled from us without our will, and he returned not 
to U3 after that, nor have we heard any tidings of him.— Then 
Jullanir inquired of her respecting her brother Saleh, and slie 
informed her, saying, He is ntling upon the throne of the kingdom 
in the place of the King Es-Senieiidel, imd be balh sent in every 
direction to search for thy son and the Queen Juharah. So when 
Jullanar beard the words of her mother, she mourned for licr son 
violently, atid her anger was fierce against her brotlier Snlvli, because 
he had taken her son and descended with him into the sea without 
her permission. She then said, O my mother, verily I fear for our 
kingdom ; for I came to you and acquainted not any one of the 
people of the empire, and I dread, if I remain long away from 
them, that the kingdom will be alienated from us, and that the 
dominion will deport from our bands. The right opinion is, that I 
should return, and govern the empire until God shall order for us 
the affair of my son; and forget not ye my son, nor neglect his case; 
for if mischief befall him, I perish inevitably ; since I regard not 
the world save in connection with him, nor <lelight save in his life. 
— So her mother replied, With feelings of love and honour will I 
comply, O my daughter. Inquire not what wc suSer by reason of 
his separation and absence. — Then her mother sent to search for 




him, nod B«ir Bosim's mother returned with mourning heart and 
weeping eye to the empire. The world had become atrait to her, 
her limrt was contracted, and her case was grievous. 

Now again ns to the King Bedrllfisim, when the Queen Jobarah 
had enchanted him, and sent liim with her teniale slave to the 
Thirsty Island, saying to her, Leave him upon it to die of thirst — 
the sUvc-girl put liim not save upon a verdant, fruitful inland, with 
trees and rivers. So he betook himself to eating of the fruitu, and 
drinking of the rivers ; and he ceased not to remtiiu in this Ktatc for 
a period of days and nights, in the form of a bird, not knowing 
wbitfacr to go, nor how to fly. And while he was one day upon 
that island, lo, there came thither a fowler, to catch somctliing 
wherewith to sustain himself; and he saw the King Bedr Basini in 
the fonn of a bird, with wliite feathers and with red hill and feet, 
captirating tlie beliulder, and astonishing the mind. So the fowler 
looked at him, and he pleaded him, and he said within himself, 
Verily this bird is beautiful : I have not seen a bird like it in ita 
beauty, nor in its form. Then In- cast the net over him, and caught 
him, and he went with liim into llie city, saying witliin himwlf, I 
will sell it, and receive ita price. And one of tlie people of llie> 



SS6 



THE STOny OF BEDR BA'SIM AND JO'UARAH. 



city mpt bim, and said to him, For \\ov much is this bird to be sold, 

fowler? The fowler said to bim. If thou btij- it, what wilt thou 
do with it ? Tlie man answered, I will kiil it and eat it. But tlie 
fowler said to him. Whose heart would be pleased to kill l)iis bird 
and cat it f Verily I dc-sirc to present it to the King, and he will 
I^vc me more than the sum Unit thou wotildst give me as its price, 
and will not kill it, but will divert himaetf with bcboIdin<r it, mid 
obtterving it« bcnuty and loveliness; for during my whole life, while 

1 have been a fowler, I have not seen the like of it among tbe prey 
of the sea nor among the proy of the land. If ibon be desirous of 
it, tbe utmost that thou wouldsl give me as its price would be a 
piece of silver; and I, by Allah the Great, will not sell it. — Then 
the fowler went with him to the palace of the King ; and when the 
King saw him, his beauty and loveliness pleased him, and the red- 
ness of hia bill and his feet ; so he sent to the fowler a eunuch to 
purchase hlin of Inui ; and the eunucli came to the fowler, and said 
to bim. Wilt thou sell this bird? He answered. No; it is for the 
King, tis a present from me unto him. The eunueh tlierefore look 
him, and went with him to the King, and acquainted him with that 
which he had said ; whereupon the King took the bird, and gave to 
the fowler ten pieces of gold ; and he received them, and kissed the 
ground, and departed. The eunuch then brought the bird to tbe 
King's pavilion, put him in a handsome cage, hung it up, and put 
with him what he might cat and drink. And when the King came 
down, he stud to the cunudt, Wltcrc is the bird ? Bring i( that 1 
may see it- By Allah, it is beautiful! — So the eunuch brought 
bim, and put him before the King; and he saw that, of l)ie food 
that was with him, be had not eaten aught ; wherefore (he King 
•aid, By Allah, I know not what he will cat, that I may feed him. 
Then he gave orders to bring the rc])ast. The tables thcnTorc 
were brought before him, and the King ate of tbe repast ; and when 
the bird looked at the flesh-meat and other viands, and tlte swcet- 
me«ta and fruita, he ate of all that was upon the table before the 
King, and the King was amazed at bim, and wondered at his 
eating, aa did also the other persons who were present. And upon 
this the King said to the eunuchs and mendooka who were around 
him, In my life I have never seen a bird eat Uke this bird. 

The King then commanded that bis wife should come to divert 



THE STORT OP BEDR BA'SIM AND JO'IlARAH. 



287 



1i«rse1f with the sight of him. So the eunucli went tu bniig Iter ; 
and when he saw her, be said to her, O my niiHtress, the Kiug 
dcsirclh thy presence, in order that thou maycsl divert tJjysetf with 
the sight of this bird that he hath bought; for when wc brought 
the repast, it ilew from the cage, and pitched upon the table, and 
«te of all tliat was upon it. Arise then, O my mistress ; divert tliy- 
self with the sight of it ; for it is beautiful in appearance, and it ij 
a wonder among the wonders of the age. — Therefore when she 
Iteard the words of the eunucli, she ctune quickly i but as soon as 
she I<K)li(-d at the bird, and discovered him, she veiled her face, and 
turned back. So the King rose and followed her, and said lo her, 
Wherefore didst thou cover thy face, when there are not in thy pre- 
sence any but the female slaves and the eunuchs who serve thee, and 
thy husband ? And she answered, O King, verOy this is not a bird ; 
but it is a man like tbec. But when he heard the words of his 
wife, lie said to her, Thou utterest falsehood. How much dost thou 
jest ! How can it be aught but a bird ? — She replied, By Allah, I 
jested not with thee, nor did I tell thee anything but truth. Verily 
this bird ia the King Bedr Bosim, the son of the King Shah Zcmfin, 
lord of the countries of the Persians, and his mother is Jullunar of 
the Sea. — And how, said he, hath ho become transformed into this 
shape ? She answered him. The Queen Joharab, the daughter of 
the King Es-Scmendel, hath enchanted him. Then she related to 
him what had happened to him from first to last, telling him that 
h« had demanded Joharaii in marriage of her fatlier, and that her 
father consented not thereto, and that his maternal uncle Saleh had 
fought with the King Es-Semendel, and that Saleh had overcome 
him, and made him n captive. AjuI when the King heard the 
words of his wife, he wondered extremely. Now tliis Queen, his 
wife, was the most skilful in enchaiilinent among tiie people of her 
age. The King therefore said to her. By my life, I conjure thee to 
firee him from his enchantment, and not leave him tormented. May 
God (whose name be exalted '.) cut off the hand of Joharah ! How 
vile is she, and how little is her religion, and how great are her de- 
ceit and her artifice 1 — His wife replied, Say to him, O Bedr Baslni, 
enter tliis closet. So the King ordered him to enter the closet; 
and when he heard tlto King's words, he entered it. Then the wife 
of the King arose, and, having veiled her &cc, took in her hand m 




cup of water, Rnd entered the closet; an^ she uttered orer the 
water some words not to be uiiderstxiod, and [itpriokliiig hiui witli 
it.] said to him, By virtue of tlicsc great names, and excellent 
verves [of the Kur-aii], nnd by the }Hnvcr of God (whose name be 
exalted !), the Creator of tlie heavens and the earth, and the Reviver 
of the dead, and the Distributor of the means of subsistence and the 
terms of life, quit this form in which thou bow art, and return to 
the form in which God created thcc! And her words were not 
ended when he shook violently, and returned to hia original form, 
whcreu{>on the King beheld him a comely young man) than whom 
there was not upon the face of the earth one more beautiful, 

When the King Bedr Biisim beheld this thing, he said, There 
is no deity but God : Molmmmnd is the Apostle of God ! Extolled 
be the perfection of the Creator of the creatures, and the Ordaincr 
of their means of subiiHtence «nd their terms of life! — Then he 
kissed the hands of tlie King, ajid prayed for lung life for him ; and 
tlic King kissed the head of Bedr Basim, and said to him, O Bedr 
Hitsim, relate to me thy story from beginning to end. So he 
related to him his story, not concealing Irom him aught; and thtt 
King wondered thereat, and said to liim, O Bedr Bdsim, God hatli 
delivered thee (rom the enchantment j what then doth thy good 
pleasun^ demand, and what dost tliou desire to do ? He answered 
him, O King of the age, I desire of thy beneficence that tlmu 
wouldst prepare for mo a ship, and a company of tliy serraitU, and 
all that I require; for 1 have been absent a long time, and I fear 
that the empire may depart from me. Moreover, I imagine not 
that my mother is alive, on account of my separation. "Wliat seems 
most probable to me is, that she hath died in consequence of her 



THE yrORV OK BEDR B.VSJM AND J(y|IAHAII. 



am 



mounting for me ; since she knoweth not uhiit Imtii huppcncd to 
m<-, nor wlietlior I be liviug or dead. I tlierefore beg thee, O King, 
to complete tliy beneficence to mc by (fr^JiUn^ that which I have 
reqiirtled of tlice.— And when thf King considered his beauty and 
loveliness and his eloquence, he replied an<l .inid to liitn, 1 hear and 
obey. He then prepared for him a ship, transported to it nliat lie 
requirvd, and despatched with liirn a company of his servants. So 
he embarked in the ship, after he hod bidden farewell to the King, 
and they proceeded over the sen. 

The wind aided them, and they ceased not to proceed for ten 
days successively; but on tlie eleventh day, the sea became violently 
agiuied, the ship bef^n to rise and pitch, and the sailors were 
unable to manage lier. They continued in this state, the waves 
sporting with them, until they drew near to one of the rocks of 
the sea, and ilie ship fell upon that rock, and went to pieces, 
and all who were in her were drowned, eKcepting the King Bedr 
Basim: for he mounted upon one of the planks, after he had 
been at th« point of destruction." The plank ceased not to bear 
turn along (he sea, nnd he knew not whither he wax going, nor had 
he any means of checking the motion of the phink : it carried him 
with the water and the wind, and continued to do so for a period of 
tJirec days. But on the fourth day, the plank was cast with him 
upon the shore of tlie sea, and ho found there a city, white as a very 
white pigeon, built upon an island by the shore of the sea, with 
lofly angles, beautiful in construction, with high walls, and the ses 
beat against its walls. f)o when the King Bedr Bnsim beheld the 
island upon which was this city, he rejoiced greatly; and he had 
been at the point of destruction by reason of hunger and tliirst. 
Uo therefore landed from the plunk, and desired to go up to 
the city; but there came to him mules iinil a^ies and hontes, 
numerous as the grains of sand, and tlicy began to strike him, and 
to prevent his going up from the sea to the city. So ho swam 
round behind tliat city, and landed upon the shore, and he found 
Dot there any one; wherefore he wondered, and said, To whom 
doth this city belong, not having a King nor any one in it, and 
whence arc these inules and asses and horses that prevented m« 
fnnn landing f And he proceeded to meditate upon hia case as he 
walked along, not knowing whither to g«. 



VOL, HI. 



■2 r 




Then, after that, he »aw a shcykh, a grocer ; and when the King 
Be<lr Btisim saw him, he saluted him ; and tlie sheykh returned the 
salututiou, anil, luokiiig at him, saw him to be a comely ]>erson : so 
he itaid to liim, young man, wht^net; liaal thou come, and what 
brought thee to this city ? He therefore related (o bim bis story 
from beginiuDg to end; and he wondered at it, and said to him, 
O my son, didst thou not see any one in thy way ? He answered 
hini, O my father, I only wonder al tlitH city seeing that it is devoid 
of people. And the sheykh «aid to him, O my son, come up into 
the shop, lest thou perish. So Bedr Basini went up, and seated 
himself in the shop. And the sbeykb arose, and brought tuui some 
food, saying to bim, O my son, come into the inner part of tfae 
shop. Extolled be the pcrfeetion of Him who hath preserved thee 
from this slie<d<.Vil ! — The Kuig Dedr Biiaim therefore feared 
violently. Hi- then ale of the food of the sheykh until he was 
satisfied, and washed Ikis hands, and, looking at the sheykh, said to 
hun, O my master, what is the reason of these words? For thou 
hast made mo to be frightened nt this city and its people. — And the 
sheykh answeretd him, () my .ion, know thai tlus city is the City of 
the Knclianlers, and in it is a Clueen who is an cneluintress, like a 
she-devil ; she is a sorcereas, a great cnehontrcsK, abounding in 



THE STOKV OK BEOR BA'SIM AND JO'HARAH. 



291 



utifice, exceedingly Ireacheroun, and the horses and inul«s and 
anws Uiat thou »awcst, all these arc like nic and tliee of the sons of 
kdain ; but tliry arc strangers ; for whoever enteretli this city, and 
I a young man like tlivHelf, tl;is infidel encliontrt^ss tuk«rtlt liim, and 
she remaiiietb with him forty days, and alter the forty days she 
mchontelb liiin, and be becometh a mule or a horse or an as«, of 
UiMc nnimals tliat thou hast seen upon the shore of the sea. 
Therefore when thou deaircdst to land, they feared for thee lest she 
should enehant tltee like them, and ihey said to thee by signs, Land 
not, lest the enehantress see thee — in pity for thee; fur perliaps 
she might du unto thee as she did unto them. — And he said to him, 
She got possession of tbis city from her family by eiicliautmont ; 
and her name is tlic Queen Lab ; the meaning of wluch in Arabic 
u E«h-Shenis'* (that is. The Sun). 

Now when the King Hcdr BiUim heard these words from the 
sheykh, he feared violently, and began to tremble like the reed that 
is shakeu by the wind ; and )ic said to him, I believed not tiiat 1 
had escaped from the calamity in whieh I was involved by enchant- 
ment, niid now destiny castctb nie into a ^tuation more abomuiable 
tluin tliut! And be proceeded to reflect upon his case, and upon 
tlie events tliat liud happened to luni ; and when the sheykh looked 
at him, he saw lliat his fear was violent; so he said to him, O my 
son, arise and sit at the threshold of the shop, and look at those 
creatures and at their dress and their f'urms," and tlie states in 
which they are through enchantmeiU; but fear not; for the Queen, 
and every one in the city, lovcth nie and rcgardcth me, and agi- 
tateth not my heart, nor wearieth my mind. Therefore when the 
King Bedr Bibini heard tliese words of the sheykh, he went forth 
and sut at the door of the shop, diverting Iiim.i<'lf ; and titere paused 
by him people, luid he beheld creatures not to be numbered. And 
when the people saw him, they advanced to the sheykh, and said to 
hiin, O sheykli, is this thy captive, and a prey that thou hast taken 
during these days i But he answered tliem, This is the son uf my 
brother. 1 lieard that hU fathi-r had died; so 1 sent for him, and 
caused him to come, tiiat I might quench the fire of my desire hjr 
his company. — They replied, Verily this young man is a eumely 
youtli ; but we fear for him on account of tht- Qvieen Lub, lest she 
turn upon thcc with treachery and take him from iliee; for she 



mt 



TBE STORY UF BEDR BA'SIM AND JfXHARAa 



loretli ibe comely joung men- Tbr dief kb bowevrr aaid to llicin, 
Trritv the Qoeeit will not thwui me: sbc regutWlb me Eavouraliij, 
«nd knretlt me; and wb«n the knoweth tlut he is the ton uf my 
brother, abe will not offer hira auj tnjniy, sor afflict tne with 
mpeet to him, nor trooble mr bean on bb account. — And the 
Kinp Bcdr Buim renuunnl with the riterkb for a period of months, 
eatinf; and drinking, and the shcykh Wrd him grratlv. 

AfUir thi», Bedr Ba^m was sitting at the shop of the sheykh oiMt 
day a* wa« his ciutocn, and lo, a t h omand eunncfa», with drawn 
swards in their hand^, clad iti various kinds of apparel, having ujwn 
th«-ir waiMs girdles adorned with jewels, riding upon Anb hor«es, 
•iid M(uipped with Indian swords ; and ther cane to the shop of the 
sbeyhh, and saluted him, and passed on. Then, after them, came a 
tliouaaod damsels. like moons, clad in Tarious dresses of silk and 
satin embroidered with f^td and adorned with varieties of jewels, 
and all of them were annrd with spears; and in the midst of them 
was • damsel riding upon an Arab mare, upon which was a saddle 
of gold set with varietint of jewels und jacinthx. They ceased not 
lo proceed tmtil they arrived at the shop uf the sheykh, when they 
saluted hini, and p.-uaed oil And lo, the Queen Lab approached, in 
a magnificent procession, and she ceased not to approach until she 
eame to the shop of the sheykli ; whereupon she saw the King Bwlr 
Basim sitting at the shop, resembling the moon at tbe full. So 
when the Queen Lab beheld him, she was confounded at his beauty 
and lovifUiieM, and amazed, and iJie bectune distracted with love of 
him. She came to the shop, and a%hted, and, baring seated her- 
self by the King Bcdr Uditim, she said lo the sheykb. Whence 
obtaincdst tliou this comely person f He answered, This is the son 
of my brother : he came to me a sliort lime ago. And she said, l^et 
hira be witli me lo-night that I may converse with him. I'he sheikh 
said to ber. Wilt thou take him from me and not enchant him ? She 
answered. Yes. lie said. Swear to me. And she swore to him that 
she would not hurt him nor enchant hint. Then she gave orders to 
bring forward to bim a handsome horse, saddled, and bridled with a 
bridle of gold, and all that was upon biin was of gold sot with 
jewels ; and she presented to tlte slieykh a thousand pieces of gold, 
saying to him. Seek aid for thvself tlierewith. The Queen J.ab tlien 
took tlic King Itcdr lia&im, and departed with btni ; and he was 



TIIK STORY OF DEDIt BA-SIM AND JO-HAIUH. 



293 



like tile moon in its fourteeDtli tiiglit. He procrrdd wilh tiet; 
uid till; people, as ul'tvii an they looked at hiin, and observed hia 
beauty, were pained for him, and said, By Allah, this young man 
doth not deserve that this accursod woman should enchant him ! 
And the King Bedr ISiisim hoard tlie words of the people ; but ho 
was silent, and had committed his case to God, whose name be 
exaltvd ! 

He ceased not to proceed with the Queen Li'ih and lier retinue 
until Uiey arrived at the gate of the palace ; when the eniecrs and 
eunuchs and the ^^reat men of the empire alighted. She liail coni- 
iiianded the chamberlains to order all the preat men of the empire 
to depart : so they kissed tlic gnuuid and departed. And the QuceDi 
wilh the eunuchs and Ihf iem.-ik- sUivesi, enlen^ tlie piilaco ; and 
when tlte King Bedr Daaim looked at the palace, he beheld a palace 
of which he had never seen the like. Its walls were con8tructe<l of 
gold, and in the midst of it was a great iiool, nhuunding with water, 
in a great gurdi-n ; Kud the King Bedr Biisun looked at the garden, 
■od saw in it birds warbling with all varieties of tongues and voices, 
mirth-cxciting and plaintive, and those birds were of all forms and 
colours. 11k- King Bedr Basim bt^htdd great majesty, and he satd. 
Extolled he the perfection of Uod for his bounty and his clemency 1 
He siistaineth the person who worshippeth other than Himself!" — 
The Queen seated herself at a lattice- window overlooking the gar- 
den. She was on a couch of ivury, upon which was magnificent 
furniture; and the King Bedr Ilaaim Hat by her side; and she 
kissed him, and pressed him to her bosom. Then she ordered the 
female >!l»\'cs to bring a table ; whereupon there was brought a table 
of r«i gold set with large pearls and with jewels, and upon it were 
disliea of all kinds of viands. So tliey ate until they were satiiifietl, 
nnd washed their hands. The fom.ili^ sUvcs next brought vessels of 
gold and silver and crystal, and they brought also all kinds of 
flowers, und plates of dried fruits ; after which tlie Uuecn gave 
orders to bring singing- women ; and there came ten damsels like 
moon*, with all kinds of musical instruments in their hands. Then 
the Queen iitled a cup, and drank it ; and she filled another, and 
banded it to the King Bedr B^sim, who took it and drank it ; and 
they ceased not to do thus, drinking until they were satisfied ; when 
the Queen ordered the female slave* lo sing. So they sang all 




kinds of melodies, and it soemcd U> the King Bcdr Basim iw though 
the palftcc dnncvd with delight at the sounds. His iviuon was cap- 
tivfttecl, and his bosnm wa* diUtcd, and he forgot his eslnnge- 
nient from hiK country', n»d said, Vvniy this Queen is a ctHuetj 
damsel ! 1 vrill never hencvfortli quit her ; for her kingdom is 
loiter than mine, and she is preferable to lite Queen J6harali. 
—He ceased not to dritdc with her uiilil it was evenuig, and the 
lamps and CAndles were lighted, and the attendants gave vent lu 
the fumes of the sweet-scented substances in the censers ; and tliey 
gave not over drinlcing until thcv were both intoxicated, while the 
female singers co»ttnue<l singing. And when t)ie Queen Liib was 
intoxicated, she arose from lier place, and slept upon a couch, hav- 
ing commanded the female slaves to depart ; and she ordered the 
King liedr Bi'isini to He down by her side. llK-n, on the following 
morning, she entered tlie bath in the palace, and he did the same ; 
and when thej- had come forth, she caused him to be clad in llie 



THE STORY OV BEDR BA-SIM AND JCHARAll. 



295 



most beautiful nppiin-l, and firavc orders to briiij;; the drink ing-rcsscls. 
Accordingly tlip female slaves brought thc-tn, and tlitry drank; after 
which the Queen arose, and took the hand of tlie King Bedr B^aim, 
and they eat upon the throne, and she gave orders to bring the food: 
no they ate, and washed their hands. The female slaves then 
brought to tlieni the drinking-vessels, and the firesh iruitt and the 
flowers and the dried fruits ; and they eeased not to eat and drink^ 
while the feuiale slaves sang various melodies, till evening. 

They continued eating and drinking, and delighting themselves, 
for a period of forty cUys ; after which she said to him, Bcdr 
BAum, is this place tlie more pleasant, or the shop of thine uncle 
the grocer ? He answered her, By Allah, O Queen, this is pleasant j 
lor my uncle is a pour man who sclleth beans. And she laughed 
at kia words. Then they slept : but in the morning, the King Bcdr 
Basim awoke from his sleep and found not the Queen Lab by his 
side : so he said, \Vhitlicr can she have gone ? He became Kid on 
account of her absence, and perplexed respecting bis ciise ; and she 
had been absent from bim a long time, and not returned ; where- 
fore ho said witliin himself, MHiiiher hatli she gone ? He tlicn put 
on his clothes, and proceeded to seiirch for her ; but he found her 
not J and he said within himself, Perhaps she hath gone to the gar- 
den. He therefore went to the garden, and he saw in it a running 
river, by the side of which was a white bird, and on tbc bank of that 
river was a tree, whereon were birds of various colours. So ho 
looked al the birds; but they saw him not; and lo, a black bird 
alighted by tJiat white bird, and began lo feed her with bis bill like 
a pigeon ; and after a while, the latter bird became changed into a 
human form, at wliich he looked attentively, and lo, she was the 
Queen Lab. He therefore knew that the black bird wa« an 
enchanted man, and tliat slio h>ved him, and fur that rt^ason trans- 
formed herself by enchantment into a bird ; in consequence of 
wiiich, jealousy seized him, and he waa incensed against the Queen 
l<iib, on account of the block bird. Then he returned to his place, 
and laid himself ujion his bed ; and after a while, she returned to 
him, and b«'gan to kiss him and to jest with him; but he was 
violently incensed againxt her, and uttered not to her a single word. 
So slie knew what he felt, and was convinced that he saw her when 
she became a hird. She however did nut manifest to him any tiling; 
hul concealed her feelings. 



h 



296 



THE STOKY OF BEDR DA'SIM AND JO'HARAII. 



After this, he said to her, O Queen, I de«irc thee to permit inc 
to go to the shop of my uncle ; for 1 have conceived h dcairc to visit 
bim, and for fortj' days I hare oot seen him. And she replied. Go 
to bim ; but be nut lon^ absent from me, uncc I cnnnot piirt witli 
thee, nor endure to be away from thee for one hour. So he said to 
her, I hear and obey. He then mounted, and went to tlie sliop of 
the sheykh, the grocer, who welcomed liiin nn<l rose to him and em- 
braced liim, and said to bim. How art ibou with thi.s infidel woman ? 
He therefore anttwi^red him, I was well, in prosperity and healtli ; 
but she was this last night sleeping by my side, and I awoke and 
saw her not. So 1 put on my clothes, and went about searching for 
her, until I came to the garden. — And he informed him of that 
tvhich he had seen, of the river, and the l>irds upon tlic tree. Aitd 
when the nheykh heard his words, he siu<l to him, Bewarv of her, 
and know that the birds (hat were upon the tree were all young 
men, strangers, whom she loved, and nhe traimfurnied ilieni by 
enchantment into birds ; and that black bird that tliou sawest wan 
of the number of ber memlooks. She used to love him greatly ; 
but he cast his eye upon one of the female slaves ; so she trans- 
formed him by enchantment into a black bird ; and whenever she 
desireth to visit him, she transformeth herself by enchantment into 
a bird ; for «hc still lovetli him greatly. And when she knew that 
thou wast ncquainU'd with her case, who meditated evil again-Hl ihi-e; 
and slie dolh nut olfer thee a sincere alfection. But thou ahalt 
BulTer no liarm from her as long as 1 hBVe a care for thee ; therefore 
fear not ; for I am a Muslim, and my iinmc is 'Abd Allah," and 
there is not in my age any one more skilled in enchuiitnicnt than I : 
yet I make not use of enchantment save when I am coiistraiiieil to 
do so. Often do I annul the enchantment of this accursed woman, 
and deliver people from her; and I cnrc not for her, since she hath 
no way of injuring nie : on the eonlrary, she fearelh ine vlolenily, 
as also doth every one in the city who is an enclianter like her, after 
this raauDer : they all fear mc, and all of them are of her religion. 
Worshipping fire instead of the Almighty King. But to-morrow 
come to me again, and aequahit mc with that which ghc shall do to 
thee; for this night she will exert liemelf lo destroy tliec, and I will 
tell thee Nvhut ihou shall do with her tlial thou mayest save thyself 
from her artillee. 



THE STORY OF UEDK BA'dlM ANU JO'HAKAH. 



SJ97 



Then Uic King Hvdr Bknia bade furewcU to the slie>-kii, and 
retumvtl to li«r, and found her sitting expecting him. And when 
she saw him, she rose to him and seated him, welcoming him ; and 
•he brought him food and drink. So they ate uiiliJ they were satis- 
Sed, imd wa«hi,-d iheir hitntU ; after wliicli, she guvc orders to bring 
the wine. It waa therefore brought, and t]iey drank until midnight, 
when she served him with the cups, and she continued to ply him 
until he was intoxicated, and lost liis sense and )iis reason. And 
when she saw him in this state, she said to him, By Allah I conjure 
theet and by the Object of ttiy worship, if I itsk ttiee concerning a 
thing, lell me, wilt thou inform me thereof truly, and rrply lo my 
question ? So he amtwi-red her, being in a Statt.* of intoxication. 
Yes, O my mistress. And she said to him, O my master, and light of 
my eye, when lliou awokcst from tliy sleep, and foundest me not, thou 
srarchedst for ine, and cuntcxl to me in the garden, aiid sawest the 
black bird. Now 1 will uequuini thee with the truth of the case of 
tliis bird. He was one of my memlooks, and I loved him greatly ; 
but he cast his eye one day upon one of my feninle slaves ; so 
jealousy came Upon me, and i transformed bim by enchiuitment into 
a black bird. And u to the slave-girl, I killed her. But now I 
cannot bear to be absent from him one hour ; and whenever I dcsiro 
to visit him, I transform myself by enchantment into a bird, and go 
to tiini. Art thou not on lliis account incensed againal me, altliough 
I, by the firt> and the light and the shiide and the heat, have in- 
I creased in love for thee, and made thee my worldly portion f — So 
he said, being intoxicated, Verily what thou haid understood, ns to 
tny anger being on tliat account, is true ; and there is no cause for 
my anger excepting that. And she embraced him and kissed him, 
and made a show of love to him ; after which she slept, and be slept 
by her side. And when it was midnight, she rose from the bed ; 
and the King Bedr Busim was awake; but he pretended that he 
ulcep, and kept stealing looks, and obiicrvlng what she did ; 
and he found that «he had taken forth, from a red bag, .toinetliing 
red, whicli she planted in the midst of the palace ; and lo, it became 
a stream running like a large river. She then took a handful of 
barley, scattered it upon the dust, and watered it with this water ; 
whereupon it became cared corn ; and she took it and ground it into 
*4L. ui. 2 « 



J 




fine flour, after which she put it in a place, and returned and itlept 
by Bedr Biaini until the morning. 

So when the morning came, the King Btdr Basim aroae, and, 
having wiuhvd his focc, asked permission of the Queen to go to the 
Hhej'kh J and she gave him permission. He therefore repaired to the 
sheykb, and acquainted him with that which »he had done, and what 
he liad beheld ; and when the sheykh heard his words, he laughed, 
nnd taii. By Allah, this infidel enchantress hath formed a inis> 
chierous scheme against thee ; hut never care ihou for her. He tlien 
produced to him a* much as a pound of sawcel;," and said to him, 
Take this with thi-e, iind know thnt when she seeth it she will say 
to thee. What is this, and what wilt thou do with it t Answer her, 
A superfluity of good things is good : — and do thou eat of it. And 
when slie produceth her sawcek, and saitli to tliee, Eat of this 
saweek — pretend to her thnt thou calcst of it, but cat of this, nnd 
beware of eating aught of her snwcek, even one grain ; for if thou 
cat of it even one grain, her enchantment will have power over thee, 



TUB SrOKY OF BKDR BA'SIM AND JCIIAltAH. 



£99 



Kiid she will enchant thee, saying to thee, Quit this huinnii form. 
So thou wilt quit thy form, nud iissume whatsoever form tliv dc- 
•ireth. But if thou vat not of it, Iter f iichantineiit will be frustrated, 
and no liann will rt-sidl to thee fnim it ; wlierelorL- shy will become 
in a state of the utmost abashment, and will say tu thcv, I itin only 
jesting with tbcc. And she will miko profcsaion of love and affec- 
tion to thcc ; but all thai will be hypocrisy and artifice in her. Do 
thou, how^vt-T, make a ahuw of love to her, anil »ny to her, O my 
mistxesH, and O light of my eye, eat of this saweek, and SL-e how 
delicious it is. And when she hath cotcn of it, if only one grain, 
toko some water in thy hand, and throw it in liirr fuee, and say tu 
her, Quit this huraim funn^^nd tell her tu usstmie whatsoever form 
tliuu <h'«ire»t. Thereu[Jon, leave her, and come to me, tliut I may 
contrive for thee a mode of proceeding. 

Bedr B.A&im then ttado liim farewell, and pursued his way until 
he went up into the palace and entered into her presence ; and when 
she saw him, she snid to him, A Iriendly and free and ample welcome I 
She arose to him and kissed him, and siiid to him, Thoti hast weaned 
ine by lliy delay, O my master. He replied, I was with my uncle. 
And he saw with her some saweck, and said to her, And ray uncle 
bath given me to eat of this saweek, and we have sawcek better than 
iL Then she put lii-t saweek into a dish, and hers into another, 
and laid to liini, Eut of this, for it is nicer tlian thy sawcek. So he 
pretended to her that he ate of it ; and when she believed that he 
had eaten of it, !>he took in her hand some water, and sprinkled him 
with it, and said to him, Quit this form, O young wretch, O villain, 
and assume tlic form of a one-eyed mule of hideous appe^irancc! 
Bat h« changed not So when she saw him in his proper slate, un- 
changc<), she rose to him, and kissed him between the eyes, and said 
to him, O my beloved, I was t)nly jesting with thee; therefore he 
not changed in mind towards me on that account. And he replied. 
By Allah, O my mistress, I am not at all changed towards thee i 
but 1 am convinced that thou lovest me : cut then of ihisi my saweek. 
She therefore took a morsel of it, and ate it; and when it had 
settled in her stomach, she was agitated ; and the King Bedr B^sim, 
baring taken some water in his liand, sprinkled her with it upon her 
face, saying to her, Quit this human form, and assume the form of 
a dupplc mute. And she saw not herself save in that form i where* 



300 



THE STORY OF BGDR BA'SfM AND JCllARAH. 



upon bcr teiin Iw^aii to run down ujwn lit-r vliceks, and she rubbed 
her chtx-ks upon his feel. Ue then betook himself to bridle her ; 
but the nllowed not the bridle to be put. He therefore lefL her, 
nnd repiiired to the sliojkb, and nc(|uainted bim with what had 
happened ; upon which the »hrykh unuft: and produced to hUn a 
bridle, and said to him, 'I'uke iliis bridle, and bridle her witli iL So 
he took it and went to her ; and when she savr him, stie advanced to 
him, and he put the bit in her mouth, and, having mounted her, went 
forth from the palace, and repaired to the sheykh 'Abd Allah, who, on 
(eeing her, rose to her, and said to bcr, May God {who«c name be 
exalted !) abase thee hy affliction, O accursed woman ! Then the 
sheykh said to Bedr Bnsim, O m}' ton, thou luist no longer an abode 
in this city ; so mount lier, and proceed with her to wbatMxn'cr 
place ihou wilt, and iK-ware of giving up the bridle to any one. 
The King liedr B&sim therefore thanked him, and bade him fare- 
well, and departed. 

He ceased not In his journey for three days; aAer which he 
eame in sight of a city, and there met him a sheykh, of comely 
hoariness, who said to him, O my son, whence art thou come f He 
answered, From tlie city of tliis vncliim tress. The sbcykb then 
■aid to him, Thou art inj guest this nighU And he consented, 
and proceeded with him along tlie way. And lo, tliere wax an old 
woman, whfi, when she saw the mule, wept, and snid, There is no 
deity but God! Verily this mule rcsrmbleth tlic mule of my son, 
which hatb died, and my heart is troubled for her. I conjure thee 
by Allnh, tlien, O my master, that thou sell her to nw. — He replied, 
By Allah, O my mother, I cannot sell her. But she rejoined, I 
conjure thee by Allah that thou reject not my petition; for tny 
■on, if I buy not for him this mule, will inevitably die. Then she 
urged her reque«t in many words ; whereupon he said, I will not 
sell her but for a UuiuHand pieces of gold. And Bedr Biisiin siiid 
within himself. How can this old woman procure a thousand pieces 
of gold ? But npon this she took forth from lu-r girdle a thuiixund 
pieces of gold. So when the King Bislr Bilxim saw this, he said to 
her, O my mother, I am only jesting with tliee, and I cannot sell 
her. The sheykh, however, looked at him and said to him, O my 
■on, no one may utter a falsehood in this city ; for every one who 
uttercth a falsehood in this city they slay. Tlie King Bcdr Basim 



THE STORir OF BEDB BA'SIM AND J01IARAII. 



301 



therefore alighted (roin the mule, a»d delivered her to the old 
woman ; and she drew forth the hit from her mouth, and, having 
taken *ome water in her hand, sprinkled hot with it, and said, O my 
daughter. Quit tliis form, iind return to the form in which thou 
waat!** And «Iic wm truniifonned immediately, and returned to 
hor first shape ; and each of the two women approached the othert 
and they embraced one another. 

So the King Bedr Baaim knew that this old woman was the 
mother of the Queen, and that tlic stratagem had been accom- 
|>li!(he<l against him, and he desired (o flee. But lo, the old 
woman uttered a loud whistle ; whereupon there presented himself 
before her an 'Efrcet like a great mouotaiu ; and thu King Bedr 
Baiim feared, and stood still. Tlie old woman mounted upon his 
back, took her daughter behind her, and the King Bedr Bdnim 
before her, and the 'Efreet flew away with iheni, and tlicre elapsed 
but a abort lime before they arrived at the palace of the Queen 
Liib ; after whicli, when ahe had seated herself upon the throne of 
her kingdom, she looked at the King Bedr It.isJm, and said to him, 
O young wretch, I have arrived at this place, and attained wliat I 
desired, and I nHIl shew tliec what I will do with tliec and with 
thia shcykh, the grocer. How many benefits have I conferred 
upon him, ami he doth evil unto me ! And thou hadst not 
attained thy de^re but by his means. — Then she took some water, 
and sprinkled him with it, ssyiog to him. Quit tliis form in which 
thou now art, nnd assume tlie form of a bird of hideous appearance, 
tlie most hideou;! of binis ! Ami he was transformed inmiediately, 
and became a bird of hideous appcarauee ; upon which she put 
him into a, c&gc, and withheld from him food and drink. 

But a slavc^rl looked at him, and had comiMssion «n him, 
and she fed him, and gave him to drink, without the knowledge of 
ihe Queen. Tlien the slave-girl found her mistress inadvertent 
one day, and she went forth and repaired to the sheykh, the grocer, 
and acquainted him with the case, saying to him, The Queen Lab 
is resolved upon the destruction of the son of thy brother. So tho 
sheykh thanked her, and naid to her, I must surely take tlic city 
from her, and make thee Queen in her stead. lie then uttered a 
loud whistle, and there came furlh to him an 'Efreet who had four 
wings, and he said to him. Take this slave-girl, and convey her lo 



SOS 



THE STORY OF BEDR BASIS! AND JOHARAH. 



the dt; oTJuUauor of Uie Sea, aud to kcr motbcr Faro&liel) ;" for 
thej two are the most akiiful in cnciuiitmctit of all existing upou 
the face of the earth. And he said to the Rlav-c-girl, When thou 
hast arriTpd thcrr, inform them that the King Bcdr Basim la a 
c^tivc in tlie hand:t of the Queen Lib. The 'Efrcet therefore 
took her up, and flew away with her, and bat a short time hnd 
elapsed when he ali^fhlcd with her upon the palace of tlie Qut-ei) 
Jullanar of the Sea. So the stave-girl descended from the roof of 
the palace, and, going in to tli« Queen Julbuar, kissed the ground, 
and actjuainted her with tlie erents that had happened to her son 
from Hm til la»t; upon which, J ullanar rose to her, and treated her 
with honour, and tlianked her. The drams were beaten in the 
city to announce the good tidings, and she informed her people, and 
tbc great men of ber empire, that the King Bedr Basim had been 
found. 

After tliis, Jutlanar of the Sea, and her niotlter Farasbeh, and 
ber brother Salch, summoned all ttie tribes of the J&n, and the 
troops of the sea ; for tbc Kings of the Jin had obevcd them af^cr 
the captivity of the King Es-Scmendcl. Then ihcy flew through 
the air, and alighted upon the city of the enchantress, and they 
plundered tlic palace, and slew all wImi were in it. They also 
plundered the city, and slew all the infideb who were in it in the 
twinkling of an eye. And Jullanar said tu the slave-girl, ^Mlere is 
my son i The slave-girl therefore took the cage, and brought it 
before her, and, pointing to the bird that was within it, said, This 
is thy son. So the Queen Jullaniir took him forth from tbe cage, 
and she took in h«r baud some water, with which she sprinkled 
him, saying to lum. Quit this form, and assume the form in which 
thou wast ! And her words were not ended when he shook, and 
became a man a.s lie was before ; and when lii* mother behold him 
in bis original fon», she rose to him and embraced him, and he 
wept %-iolcntly. as did abo biii maternal uncle Sileh, and bis grand- 
mother Farusbch, aod tlic daughters of hU uncle; and tbey hegui 
to kiss his bands and but feet. Then Jullanar sent for the sbeykh 
'Ahd Allah, and thanked him for his kind conduct to her sun ; and 
she married liiui (tbe sbeykh) to the alave-gtrl whom be had sent to 
her with the news of Iter son. So be took her as bis wife ; and 
JulUniir made him King of that city. And she summoned those 



THE STORY OF BF.DR BA'illM AND JCllAKAil. SOS 



■ 



Munlims who rrmnincd of the inhabilauts of the city, and made 
ihein vow nllegiance to llie Nlieykh "Abd Alkh, covenanting with 
them, and making them swear, that they woutt) obey and serve him ; 
and they said, Wc hear and obey." 

They then bade farewell to the sheykh 'Abd Allah, and de- 
jMirteil to their city; and when they entered their palace, tlie 
people of tlieir city met them witli the drums to celebrate the good 
news, and with rejoicing. They decorated the city for three days, 
on account of their exceeding joy at the arrival of their King Bedr 
Bisim, rejoicing greatly at his return. And after that, the King 
Bedr Banm said to his mother, O my motlier, it reniaineth only 
Uiat I marry, and that we all be united. So uhe replied, O my 
son, excellent is the idea that thou hast formed ; but wait until we 
inquire for a person suitable to thee among the daugbteis of the 
Kings. And his grandmother Fnrdsheh, and the dnugliters of Ins 
tinch^, and his mnlcrnul luicic, said, We, O Bedr Baaim, will all 
immediately assist thee to attain what thou ilesiresT,. Then each of 
lh<Me fenialc« iirose and went to search through tlie countries, and 
Jullanar of the Sea also sent her female slaves upon the necks of 
the 'Efireets, saying to them, Leave not a city, nor one of the 
palaces of the Kings, without attentively viewing all who are in it 
of the beautiful damsels. But when the King Bedr B<isim Siiw the 
pains that they were taking in this iiiFuir, he said to his mother 
Jullnnar, O my mother, leave this atTair; fur none will content me 
iia?e Joharah the daughter of the King Es-Scmeiidel, since she is a 
jewel as her name importeth. So his mother replied, I know thy 
desire. She then sent immediately persons to bring to her the 
King Es-Semendel, and forthwith they brought him before her ; 
whereupon she sent to Bedr Basim ; nnd when he came, she 
acquainted him with the arrival of the King Es-Semendcl. He 
tlierefore went in to him ; and as soon as the King E^<Semciidcl 
saw him approaching, he rose to him and saluted lum and welcomed 
liim. 'I'hen the King Bedr Bdsim demande<l of him in marriage 
his daughter Joharah; and he replied, She is at thy service, and she 
is thy s1ave-|^rl, and at thy disposal. And the King Es-Scmendel 
sent some of his companions to his country, commruiding them to 
bring bis daughter Joharah. and to inform her thiil lier father was 
witli tlie King Bedr Basim, the xon of Jullanar uf the Sea. $o 




NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTY-THIItD. 



Note I. 
IlkBi^u in other intUociM, Iliaveaiil)3llluUd"Sli&h Zemin" for "ShahrAmin." 

NotB 9. 

" Rndtynet" Is a relalim ndjcctivo fVom " Riidryncti," the ntuao at a wonuui 
of Kliatt ilcjcr,* w1i», ita well ni lirr liitibRnil Scmhcr. prncliicil, nnil excelled in, 
the art of stnughtcriiiig Epcar-ihiifli. Ilnx^i? tlie Curnu " Kudejncc" atid "Sviii- 
hnee" ar* often applied to a stritight upcor. 

NoTK 3. 

I tOflftn tha city hm mciUioned (a be itiiugiiinr)' ; iiiid p«r1ia)i> the «ea may 
U Imgkatjr ibo. The latl«r, fao»ev«r, may be lli« Catpisn. 

NOTR 4. 

iJaUanir" (vulgarly pronouiic*d " JiiliiAr") U from th« Ponlnn " piliiAr," and 
llgnHM "poncgTMULtc-fluwcr." In my original, by tha crroncoui addition of n 
f€/tat, Qm laal letter in cutiverlcd into i. 

Note S, 
" m»y slgniBei " good," " ju»t," " rirtuoui," Sk. 

Note 6. 

Th«K people of the acft appear tn mo in be an Inrvrlor c1a»a of the Jinn termed 
" El-Ghownitoh," that ii, The Dlvcn, or Dunjicn, in the ii-m. Thry fly liiruugb 
111* HIT ; and Rte, thcelcmrnt uf uhich tlie Jinn wcic nralcil, i« iwid lo bui« inuvd 
ftimi llie muiith) of Jiilhin&r'* relation*, Hit pi'opio arc often ipolcen of u men ; 
but it doc* not Rp|>caT that the author meant them tu be coimidcrod at human 



rou III. 



• an Nalg I tu CIiillUI >i. 
3ll 



306 



NOTBS TO CHAPTBK TWBXTY-TUIKD. 



bdng* in th« Glvnl mbm oftlia term. JuUanir'* mu, bawcver, criiUallj partook 
Riorc od' hit faUier'i thMi of hi* nM^ar** lutan. 

No» 7. 

NoTi 8^ 
Hue CRweb an d««nib«d Lu Note 2 to Chapter siji. 

NoTB 9. 
" Bedr Bfciim" lignifit* " Saiilbg Pull Moan." 

NoiK la. 

Sc« Nou 1 to Chapter xiiL 

M«n 11. 

"JStatrA" li^iftc* "n Jewel." 

Not« 12. 

" Semi^iidel" ia a iiHnie of iho «slHtnandar, and *lw of a bird of Iiidiu and Cliina, 
of nliich it 18 said, iis of Ifar ludanuuidcT, that it b not bnmcd by Hra. 

NoTslS. 

Tld) cumporifon ha* been mode before, with re^et to th« hair of S&l«)i, On 
lU* Mcoiid uccurrRnce of the cxpccuion, my ibeykh ha« alated, la tli« uiurgin, tui 
dlMp|>robation of it. 

Note 14. 

Four diflcreiit kinds of aotrlopcf in thai «ll«d. Tha diaUitetnre nam^ in 
Arabic, of tbc kind btm ni«iitiouod I* " maUih." 

Non 13. 

TlitM word«, " God impoietk not." &c., arc from the IJlur-in, chap. li. v. 386. 

NOTK IS. 

Tlie " hwrit," ot otrM (Gr. ■rpunoc), U tlie weight of a bean, equal to four 
kninhahii (nr nhcnl-fcniini), otTcry nearly three Engtlkb graliia. It in ihe Iwenljr- 
fourtb port of a mitbkil, and hence b a term lued to tignlfy the iwrntf-foiirlb part 
of anything. Thus the Arab* aay uf ■ perMui in whom tbcy icc no fault, " He la 
■ perfect niBii, of four and twenty kcctiu ;" a* wo uy of gold, that it a to many 
Gar«la fins. 

NoTa 17. 

" Monceneii'* aignillta "a myttU." 

NoiB IS. 

It oppcots that Ihe ring whieli before prcictv«d him from dtownioR \>r \<m 
when he wm tntuformed into a bird. 



•JOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTT-THIKtfc 
NirtK 19. 



307 



la th* original, Uie nam* "I.Sb" is interpreted at mewling in Arabic "Tnk- 
weem e»h-Shenu;" bul " Lib," which ub PcniiHii iword, lignifici in Arnbio "imply 
" Mh-Sbcim ;■' in Eiigllih, " Ibc Sun ;" and " Tnkwi'ciii culi-Shcm*," d* a projiur 
name, opprAn to nie lolxt nonaeOBe. The mcnnini; of "Inkwecni" is "rcolificn- 
lion," " coirection," fte. i "«v>iIufttlon;" "lui alniMiAc;" "an niilrologiciil calcn- 
lation," frc. 

Not* 20. 

The woni h«re rtnilsred " forms" alao >ignifi«a " coloun^" and " ipeclts," or 
"kinilt." 

NOTE 21. 

The Qtwra Lib wm an inlidol, ft womhipper of (ire, u the tale an«rww(la 

Noi« 22. 

" 'Abd Allah" vgniiiei <■ Strvaiil o( God." 

Note 23. 

"Saitec^" ii the nud of parched barley. Tho umc nAme U al«n given to 
p(i*«n. 

NoTK. 24. 

Mr. Krigbtlcy mentionii* a laic in Uic Plcoiitnt NighCi of Striiparoln, and alio 
• l^ular itory in Ucrmanj', iiaviiii* Biini<> rcivinbluiivi.' I>i lhi« incident, tiiid likirn-iap 
rt w >bhuice» to the Biory of ibc Second Koyul McndicanL With rraiwct to the 
incident in lh« utory uf Brdr B&iiin, be ubii-rvrs, " Tlivro i« nothing Mid nbuut the 
bridlr in the account of tbe salu : but I uiu lurv that, ill Ibv orij-inal tah, BrAn'ii 
iniifutlune nuist bare bei'n owing to his li.iviiig [larti'd with it. In (linuror't 
S^uirr'i Tair, the bridle would alio nppcnr tii have brnn of some importuice." 
lie likewiie obicrves, tbnt " Queen Labc. with her lovers liinied into vnrious nni- 
mals, remindi one ittongly of tbc Homeric (.'irco ;" aiid add*, tbnt lie lliinki it 
" not at all iinponible that (be Grecian fable may liuve penetrutvd into IVrsia." 
He baa belbre remarked \ upon ibe great dlllt^rencea brlwceii this tole and that uf 
llic Magli- Hor*c ; showing the iiipprior elainm of tbc latter lo be regarded a« a 
Penian compoutinn ; but Dlatin); lii> opinion that the former " ii potdbty an ancient 
Pcniiui tale dao, though the Arabian iiarrulor may have luken greater libertiei 
Hilli it," 

NoTB 2.1. 

" Paritheli" tlgniHet "a bullHfly," wid, accoTdEng to my ihrykh, "a tociviL" 

Non 3S, 

fn the old verrion, il ii *dd that " all the loven of the magic qnrtn reeuroed 
tiieir priiline forini a* toon ai the ceased lo live ;" and tliat '* they were alt ton* 
oT kingti princef, or pcrioni of high mnk." 



' Talc* ami fspulu PlcUoni," pp. Ill— IM. 



I iDpKin. 




CHAPTKR XXIV. 

rnMMRNCIXC WITH FART OP THE EBVEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY- 
SIXTH NlflHT, AND KNDIHG WITH PART OF TIIK SSVEN HITHDHED 
AND SEVENTV-EIGHTU. 



TIIK STORY OP SEYF GLBJULOOK AND BEDEEA EL-JEMA'[»< 



There was, in olilnn times, »ml in uii uncietit age and period, 
ill Eftjnit, a King named "A'sim ihc sum of SafwAn,' Uo wa» m 
liberal, tnunifici-nt King, reverend nnd <li{piified: he possi'Jsed 
initny countries, and castles aiid fortresneK, and troops and soldiers^ 
and he had a Wezeer nmiicd Fnris tin? son of Siilrh ; ' and they all 
Woraliippcd the sun and fire iiistL'ad of the Almighty' King, the 
Olorious, the Mighty in domtuion. Now this Kin;; became a very 
old man : old »ge and tiickness and dpcn-pitude had rendered him 



THE STORY OP SETF BL-MULOOK, tcv. 



300 



^ 



infirni ; for he had lircd a hundred and cif^hty yean ; and ho hjid 
not a male child D»r a female ; on Recount of whicii he wn* in ft 
state of anxiety and grief night and dny. And it happened tliat he 
was sitting one day upon the throne of his kingdom, with the 
cmecn and wezecrs and the chief ofBccrs and the lords of tlic 
empire serving him according to tlieir custom and according to 
their ranks; and whosoever of the emeers cam« in to him having 
Willi him a iton, or two sons, the King envied him, and he said 
within himself. Every one is hnppy and rejoicing in his children ; 
but I liavc not a son, and to^norrow I shall die, and l«ave my 
kingdom and my throne and my lands and my treasures and my 
riches, and the strangers will take ihcm, and no onv will ever rv 
member mo : there will not remain any memory of me in the world. 
Then the King 'A'flim became drowned in the sea of solicitude ; 
an<l in conseciueiicv of the rapid sticcossion of grie& and solicitudes 
in his heart, he wept, and docended irora his throne, and sat upon 
the floor, weeping and humbling himself. So when the \V'e3:«er 
and tltc assembly of the great men of the empire who were present 
naw him do thus with hinuelf, Ihey cidled out to the people and 
Mid to them. Go ye to your abodes luid re»t until tiie King recover 
from the state iu which he is. 

They tlwrcfore dejwirted, an<l there remained not any excepting 
the King and the Wezeer; and when the King recovered, the 
Weaecr kissed the ground before him and said to him, O King of 
the age, what is the cause of this weeping? Inform me who of 
Ihc Kings and tlie lord* of the castles, or of Uie emeers and the 
lords of the empire, hath become lliinc enemy, and acquaint nio 
who opposcth thee, O King, that wc may all attack him, and take 
his soul from between his sides. — But the King apoke not, nor 
rftised bis bead. Then tlie Wczeer kissed the ground before him a 
second lime, and said to him, King of the nge, I am like 
tliy son and thy slave ; nay, I have reared thee ; and I know not 
the cause of thy grief and thine anxiety and ihy didtress and the 
state iu which thou art. Wlio then beside me can know, and 
stand in my stead before thee? Acquaint me tlierefore with the 
cause of this weeping and mourning. — Yet he spoke not, nor 
opened his mouth, nor niised his head; but ci'osed not to weep, 
and he cried out with a loud voice, and wniled cxeeedingly, and 
cried, Ah 1 — while the Wezeer regarded him ]mtiently. An<l after 



dio 



THE STORY OF SEYF EL-MCLCK)K 



thnt, the Wczeer xt\i to liim, If thou tell me not th« cause of tbis, 
I will kill myself before thee inimrilmtvlj wKilc tliou lookcst on, 
rather thaii see thee in auxiety. So the Kiiig "A'sim tlicrcupon 
raised his head, and wiped awny his tears, and said, O fuitliful 
Wcxi^er, leave nie in my imxiety aiid my grief; for the sorrows in 
my heart are suiHeient for me. But the Wezecr rvpljed, Tell me, 
O King, what is the cause of this weeping : perhaps God may give 
thoe relief by my means. And the KJng said to him, O Wezeer, 
my weeping is not on account of wealth nor on accoiuit of horses 
nor on account of anything but this, that I have become an old man, 
and my age is about a hundred and eighty years, and I have not 
been blest with a male child nor a fcmnle; so when I die, they 
will bury me ; then will every trace of me be obliterated, and my 
name will become extinct, and strangers will ubc my throne and 
my kingdom, and no one will ever remember me. To this tiie 
Wczeer replied, O King of the age, I am older tlian thou by a 
hundred years, and have never been blest with a child, and I coma 
not to sutler anxiety and grief night and day ; and what shall we 
do, I and thou f But I have heard of l)ie fame of Suleyman the 
■on of DiuK>d (on both of whom be peace !), and that he hatli a 
mighty Lord, able to accomplish evcrylhing. It is meet therefore 
that 1 repair unto him with u present, and have recourse to him, 
that he may petition Ins Lord r perhaps He may bless each of us 
with a cliild. — The Wezeer then prepared for the journey, took n 
magnificent present, and repaired with it to Suleynian the son of 
Diiood, on both of whom be peace ! — Such was tlic case of the 
Wezeer. 

Now as to Suleym^ the sou of Daood (on both of whom be 
peace!), Ood (whose perfection be extolled, and whose name be 
exalted !) spoke in revelation unto him, and said, O Suleymiin, verily 
the King of Egypt hath sent to thee his chief Wczeer, with presents 
and rarities, which are such and such tilings. Send thou therefore 
unto him thy Wezeer A'sa*^ '''* »"" **f Barkhiya to nwrei him with 
honour and with provisions at the halting- places ; and when he pre- 
sentetb hunscif before thee, say to him, Verily the King hath sent 
thcc to demand such and such thiugM, and thine aiTair ia ku and so. 
Then proposw to him the faith, — So upon thi» Suleymiin ordered 
Itis Weiceer A'saf to take with him a company of his dependants, to 
meet them with honour and with sumptuous provisions at the halt- 



sia 



THE STORY OF SEYF EL-MULOOK 



a Lord ! for the sun appeareth at timeit, and i.< iibsciit at times, and 
our Lord is alwa^-s present, never absent, and He U abl<: to effect 
everything. 

They then journeyed on a little until they came near to tlie seat 
of govcrnnient ' of Suleymdn the son of Daood (on both of whom be 
peace !), when Suleynian ordered his troops of mankiiul and of the 
Jiim and other creature* to range thetnselvca in their way in ranks. 
So the wild creatures of the sea, and the elephants and the teopard» 
and the lynxes, all stationed themselves, and nuigcd tlicm»elrc8 in 
thu way in two ranks. The species of each kind collected them- 
selves into Bcpfinite bodies, and in like manner did the Jan ; eadi 
of which appeared to the eyes unhid<lcn, in a terrible form ; and 
they were of various descriptions. They all stood in two ranks, 
and the birds spread their wings over the other creatures to shade 
them, warbling one to another witli all U>»giii;» and with all notes. 
Therefore when the people of Egypt came to them, ihey dreaded 
them, and dared not to proceed : but A'^ said to them, Enter 
amid them and pass on, and fear them not ; for tliey arc the subjects 
of Sulcyman the son of Daood, and none of tliem will hurt you. 
Then A'saf entered among them, and all the people entered behind 
him, the party of tlic Wezccr of the King of Egypt being among 
tliem; but they were in fear. They ceased not to proceed niitil 
they arrived at the city, when they lodged them in the mansion of 
entertainment, treated tlieni with the utmost honour, and brought 
to them sumptuous hiuiqueLf during a period of three <Iay«. 

After this, they brought them before Suleymfin the Prophet of 
God (peace be on him !) ; and when they went in to him, they de- 
sired to kiss the ground before him ; but he prevented thoir doing 
■o, and said. It is not meet that a man prostrate himself upon the 
ground ' save nnto (iod (to whom be ascribed might and glory !), the 
Creator of the eartli and the heavens and all other things ; and who- 
ever among you desiretli to stand, let tiim stand ; but none of you 
shall stand in attendance upon me. They therefore complied, and 
the Wezccr Faris sat, and some of his servants ; but some of the 
infcnors stood waiting upon liim ; and when ihey had sat a while, 
the servants spreutl ftir ihem the tables, and the people all ate of the 
Tv\isal until they were satisfied." Tlien Sulcyman commanded the 
Wozeer of Egypt to mention hts af^r, Lliat it might be accom* 



AND BEDEEA EL-JEMAL. 



aia 



pli^cd, Riti] mid to liiiii, S|K-ak, niid conceal not nught of that on 
iifcotiiil of which ihou hast como ; for thou hant not conic save for 
t]ie ttccomplkhincnt of hu alTair, and 1 will inform thee tliervuf. It 
ia ihus Biid thus: the King of Egypt who sent thee ia named 'A'wni, 
and he hath become a very old man, decrepit, infirm ; and God 
(whose name he exaltc^d!) hath not blessed him with a male child 
nor a female. He hath therefore bera in a Rtate of gritrf uiid 
anxiety and solicitude night and day, until it happened to him that 
he was fitting upon the throne of his kingdom one day, and the 
Bmeera and Wczpers and the great men of his empire cnme in to 
him, and he saw some of them having two sons each, aniJ somt? hav- 
ing one son, and some of ihcm liiiving three sons, and they eanie in 
accom[)aiiie<l by their sons, and stood in atlcnitance upon him. So 
be meditated in bimaclf, and said, by reason of the excess of liia sor> 
Tflw, Wlio will take my kingdom aftec my death ? And will any 
but n strangt^r take it t Thus 1 xliall be as tliongh I Inid never been. 
— He became drowned in tiie aca of solicitude on account of thitt, 
and ceased not to n-mnin in solicitude iind sorrow until his cyca 
ovvrflowed with tear», and he covered Iiik face with the liantlkcr- 
chief, and wept violently. Then he arose from his throne, and sat 
upon the floor, weeping and lamenting, and none knew what was in 
his heart excepting G«l (whose name he exalted!), while lie thus 
sat upon the floor. — And when the Prophet of God, Suleymi'iu the 
son of Diiood (on both of whom be peace !), had informed the 
Wezeer F&ris of the sorrow and weeping of the King, and what had 
happened between him and his Wezeer from Brat to last, he said after 
that to the Wezeer Firis, Is this which I have told thee, O Wezcer, 
true? So the Wczecr Faris answered, O Prophet of God, verily 
that which thou hast said is true and correct ; but, O Prophet of 
God, when 1 was conversing with the King respecting this matter, 
there was not with us any one, and not one of the people knew our 
case. \V'ho ihen informed thee of all these things f — He replied, 
Afy Lord, who knowclh the furtive glance and what the hojroms 
conceal, infonned me. So thereupon the Wezeer Faris iutid, O 
Prophet of God. this is none other than an excoUcnt, mighty 
Lord, able to accomplish everything. And the Weieer Fjlria em- 
braced el-IslAm, he and they who were with him.' 

The Prophet of God, Suleyman, then said to the Wezeer, Verily 



vol.. in. 



2* 



314 



THE STORY OP 8EVP EL-MULOOK 




thou bast with thee such and such 
niriticH iiiid ]>n'«cnts. The Wezeer 
replied, Yes. And Suh-yninii said to 
him, I accept from ihee all of tlicm ; 
but I give them unto thee; and rest 
ihoii, and thoHc who ore with thee, 
ill tlu: place whort! ye took up yoor 
t|uarters, thai the fatigue of the jour- 
ney may quit you, and to-morrow, if 
it W ihfl will of Gotl {whose name be 
^■xalted !), thine aifair shall be accoin* 
[ii^ied in the most complete manner, 
by the will ofGod, the Lord of the cnnhand tlic^bcnrvn, and the Cre- 
ator of all creatures. Tlicn the Wexecr Karls went to hiit place ; and 
he repaired tu the lord Sulcyini'tii on the following' day j whereupon 
the Prophet of God, Suleymin, said to liim, When thou bast come 
unto tlic King 'A'ijim the son of Safwi'm, and host an interview with 
him, do ye both asci^id kucIi a tree, and sit silent ; and when tl is 
the period between the two prayers,' and the midday-heat hath be- 
come assuaged, descend yc to the foot of tltc tree, tind look yc there: 
ye will find two lai^e «erpent)i coining forth ; the head of one being 
like the head of the ape, and tiie head of 
the other like the head of an 'Efrcct. 
When ye sec them, smite ye tli<-in wiib 
arrowji, and kill them ; 
then [cut off and] throw 
away, from the hcad-purt 
of each of them, an much 
as one span's length, and 
of the tail-part of each of 
them likewise: so their 
flejih will remain, and do 
ye cook it, and cook it 
well, and feed your two 
wires with it, aiid ye will 
obtain by them, by the 
permission of God (whose 
name bo exalted !), male 





AHD BEDEEA EL-JEMA't. 



315 



children. — Then Sutej'niin (on whom be peace I) caused lo bv brought 
n fcol-ring luid a sword, and tk wrapper contninin^ a tunic' onia- 
mentml with jewels, and he wiid, O Wczccr Fnrid, when the two 
M»i4 of joii twain shall hnvf grown up, mid attitincd to manhood, 
give ye to each one uf them one uf (htrse ihingH. And after tliix, 
he said to the Wczeer, In the name of God 1 May God (whose 
name be exalted !) aceuinpli.i!i tliim- alTnir ! And now there re- 
maineth not aught for ihee lo do but that thou set forth on tby 
journey, relying upon ihi- Lles-iingof God(n'lio>iL- name be exalted!); 
for the King is night and day exi)ceting thine arrival, and his eye 
is ciinstarilly gazing upon the way. — So upon this the Wfzcer 
Firis advanced to the Prophet of (Jod, Suleyman ihe son of Ddood 
(on both of whom be peace !), and bade bini farewell, and went fortli 
from him, after he had kissed Iiis hands. 

He journeyed on during the rent «f that day, full of joy on 
account of tlie accomplishment of hi& affair, and he pro!«ccutcd his 
jotimey with diligence night and day, and ccaaed not to travel on 
until ho came near to Egyi>t, when he sent one of his sen'ants to 
ac(]uaint the King 'A'sini therewith. So whtrn the King 'A'sin) 
heard of bis anival and of the accomplishment of his nfiuir, he re- 
joiced exceedingly, he and his chief oflicem and the lords of his 
kingdom and all lii> troops, an<l especially at the safely of the Wc- 
zeer FAris. And when the King and the Wczcor met each other, 
the Wcxcer alighted, and kissed the ground hcfort^ him, and gave 
tlic King the glad tidings of the accompliaJiment of his afljur in the 
most complete manner; after which he pruposod to liim the true 
faith and cl-Ialam ; whereupon the King 'A'sim embraced el-Islam, 
with all his subjccte," and snid to the Wezeer Pari«, Go lo tfiy 
house and re^l thyself thi.s night, and rest thyself also for a week, 
and enter the bath : after that, come to me, tliat I may inform thee 
of a thing respecting which wc must deliberate. So the Wczeer 
kiascd the ground and departed, he and his dependants and hi* 
young men and his servants, to his bouse, and he rested eight days; 
after which he repaired to the King, and rotated to him all that had 
occurred between him and Sideyiniln the son of Daood, on both of 
whom be peace! He iheu said lo the King, Arise thou alone, aiul 
vomc with me. He therefore arose with the Wczeer, and they took 
iwo bows and two arrows, ascended the tree, and sal silent until the 



^fi 



THE STOKY OK SEYK EL-MULOOK 



period of mid-dav lu>d pasacd, and ceased not to remain so until near 
the timv of urternouii-prayen, when Uiey descended, and looked, und 
aaw two large .terijcnts come forth from the foot of tlie tree. The 
King looked at them, and liked them ; for they excited his admira- 
tion when he flaw them with collars of gold ; and lie said, O Wcsct-er, 
verily theiie two serpents are adorned with collars of gold ! By 
Allah, this is a wonderful thing! Let us take them and put Owm 
into a cage, and divert oursolvca witli the sight of them, — But the 
Wezcer replied, Thc-sc hntli Ood created for tlicir use : so smite 
thou one with an arrow, mid I will uniit^^ uiii; with lui arrow. 
Accordingly they both shot at them with tlie arrows, and alew tliein ; 
and they cut off from the head-part of each of them « span, and 
from the tail-part of ench n span, and threw away these pieces. 
Thvy then went with the rest to the King's palace, demanded the 
cook, and gave him that meat, saying to him, Cook this meat nicely, 
witli onion-sauce" and spices, and ladle it out into two saucers, and 
bring them hitlier at such a time and at such an hour, nnil delay not. 
So the cook look the meat, and wont with it to the kitchen, and he 
cooked it well, with excellent onion-sauce ; after which he ladled it 
out into two saucers, and brought them before the King and the 
Wezeer, The King therefore took a sauoer, and the Wczeer a 
saucer, and they fed with them their two wives; and by tlie gotwi 
pleasure of Crod (whose perfection he extolled, and whose name be 
exalted !), and his power and will, it happened, that night, as tlm 
Frophet of God, SuleymAn, had xaid. 

The King remained, after that, three months disturbed in heart, 
sajing within himself, I wonder whether this tiling be true or not 
true. Then lii.i wife w;is sitting one ihiy, and .the felt symptoms nf 
becoming a mother, and she was pained, and her complexion 
changed. So slic summoned one of the eunuchs who were witli her, 
and he was one of the chit:f of tln'm, and she said, Go to tlie King, 
wherever he is, and say to him, O King of the age, 1 give thee the 
glad tidings that our mistress hath felt symptoms of her becoming a 
mother. Tlie eunuch therefore went forth tjuickly, full of joy, and 
he saw the King alone, with his hand upon his cheek, meditating on 
Ihiii subject; so the cimuch approached him, and kissed the ground 
before him, and informed him of this fact. And when he heard the 
words of the eunuch, he rose upon his feel, and, in the excess of 



USD 



his joj, he kmei At I 
pulled off ibe appnel 
aid to tbcne vlio 
loTPth mc. let Um 
him, ot oAea md 
gafdens, lAat caaU aa 
WcsMfT esmr b at AM 
agv, I m> jiM ) 
wediuting apai tbe mmc W 
wonder w h tt iwj it be tiwwa 
ch3d or Dot— wfaa b, 4e < 
gbd tidiiigB thai) 
m mother, and that h« i 
joy, 1 puDed off aO tW 

the nmndt ; and 1 

him the chief of ibt i 

xecT, xnHy God (Hiwiil W Bc^ 

brourtd tn, ia In 1 
, with the n^i 
booBi^, aad Uwiihl a> «M 
' toreliRethe f^mflt, ^d i 

replied, Da what than igairA. Aad fe i 

im nw din dy, aod take fanh em; «■£ wj 

cnwiiiMi and d cM fl r t; aad 

after that, we wiQ requite 

We will also t»fce off fan A* 
^and do thm K-t up, araaad dia dij, 
id order the cook* to aufwnd Acre a 
[cook aO kind* of naadi, aad to cfttjaag the t 

and all who are ia thia atj, i 

distant, shall cat aad diink aad ean; la Aear hcaiea. Oa^ i^a 

a]»o to make men;, aad to decoodr the dty aeren dajs. aad aot lo 

shut their riiopa ih|^ aor da;." 

So the VtczccT went locth ■wif«Btl/4y, aad did ai tiw KJag^ 

'A'^ had oonuiULndrd him. Tbej deeoasted the dtjr aad Ae 

caatle and the towen in the most bcautilal numna, aad clad thno- 

sclvca ill the l*cst of apparel; and the peop\t paacd their tiiue iu 

eating; and (Iriukinf; and pU; and ncrrimcut until the period of the 




3IS 



THE STORY OF SEVF EUMULOOK 



delivery of tlie King's wifu, 
nfUT the fulfilment of her 
dayg, when slic gave birth 
to a nialc eliilil likt- the 
inuun ill the night of it« 
ftihicss, and the King named 
himSeyfel-Mul«ok." Like- 
wise the wife of the Wtzcer 
gave birth to a hoy hke u 
hu»i>, and he named him 
S,iVd." When they bad 
attained to years of discre- 
tion,"' the King 'A'fim, 
whenever he belield thorn, 
rejoit'vd in tht-in exceedingly; 
and when their age bad be- 
come twenty years, the King 
summoned his Wczeer Paris 
tn a private interview, and 
Kuid to him, O Wezeer, a 
tiling liath occurred to my 
mind, and I desire to do it; 
but T will consult thoe respecting it. The Wezeer replied, 
WhaU^ver bath occurred to thy mind, do it; for thy judgment is 
blessed. And the King 'A'ani siud, O Wexeer, I have become a 
very old, decrepit man; for I am far advanced in years; and 1 desire 
to reside in a Zawiyeh," to worship God (whose name be exalteil !), 
and give my kingdom and my empire to my son Scyf el-Mulook; 
sinpe he U now a comely young man, perfect in horsemanalup and 
intellect and polite literatun^ iuid gravity and the art of govern- 
ment. Wlial then sayest thou, O Wezeer, of this idea? — The 
Wczccr answered, Excellent is the idea Uiat thou hast formed. It 
i.i a blessed and fortimute idea; and if thou do this, I also will do 
like thee, and my son Sa'ed xhull be Wcxeer unto him; for he is a 
comely young man, s person of knowledge and judgment. Thus 
l\\K two shall he ti^elher, on<l we will arrange their afTuir, and will 
not be negligent respecting their caM-, but guide them to (he right 
. — Then the Kinc 'A'«im said to his Wezeer, Write the letters, 




way. 



ing 



AND BEDKEA EL-JEMA'L. 



Sid 



and Kcrid lli«in by the couriers to all tli<- province!! a»d districts and 
fortresses and ca§tles that arc under our authority, and order their 
chic& to be present in such a niontli in the Horsc-coursc of t!i(- 
KlejihanU" The Wezeer Taris therefore went forth immediately, 
and wrote to all the governor* iind the commanders of the ciutles, 
and others who wore under the nuthority of the King 'A'Him, com- 
manding them nil to be present in thiit month ; nnd ho ordered tliat 
every one who was in the city should be present, the distant and 
thenettr. 

Then the King "A'?im, after the expiration of the greater pari 
of the inlcrral, coniniunded tlie Ikrrashes tu pitch the tent* in the 
midst of the horse-course, and to decorate them in the most sump- 
tuous manner, and to set the great throne upon which the King sal 
not save on tile occasions of festivals. So they did immediately all 
that he comniiindvd them : they set the throne, nnd the HeutenantJi 
and chamberlains and emecrs went forth. The King «lso went 
forth, and commanded to proclaim among the people. In the name 
of God ! Come forth to the horse-course ! — Accordingly tJie cmeers 
and wezcvrs, and Uie governors of the provinces and tlie cultivated 
tracts, came forth to that horse-course, and betook themselves to 
the service of the King (is was their custom, and they all remained 
in their several places : some of them sat, and some stood, until all 
the people had collected, when the King gave orders to sprc»d the 
table." They therefore spread it, and they ate and drunk, and 
prayed for the King. Then the King commanded the chamberlains 
lo proclaim among tlie pMiple that they should not dcparL So 
tltey proclaimed, and said in their proclamation. Not one of you 
aibatl go until he heareth the words of the King ! They then mised 
tlw curtains," and the King said, Whoso loveth me, let him remain 
until he heareth my words. Wherefore all the people sat with 
tranquil souls, tkUci they had been fearful. And the King rose 
upon his feet, and made them swear that none of them would rise 
frwn his place; and he said to them, O cmeers and wezeers and 
lords of the empire, great and small, and whosoever is present of 
all the people, do ye know thai this kingdom was an heritage onto 
me from my fathers and forefathers ? They answered him. Yes, O 
King: all of us know that. And he said to them, I and ye all 
worshipped the sun and the moon, and OoA (wIkisc name be 



sua 



THE STORY OP SEYF EL-MULOOK, &«. 



exalted !) blGMcd us with the tme Taith, and dclirorad us from 
darkiieas itito light, and God (wkose perfection be extolled, und 
whose name bo exalted !) jjuidcd us unto the religion of cI-lsl4tR. 
Know also thnl 1 have now become n vcrj' old man, dccrvpil, impo- 
tent ; und I <le3ire to flit in a Zuu-iyeh, there to worship (iod (whose 
name be exalted I), and to beg hia forgiveness of post offences ; and 
this my son, Seyf cl-Mulook, shall be ruler. Yr know that ho is 
a comclj young man, eloquent, ac(iu(uiit<.-<l with the aBiiirs of the 
world, intolligciit, (^xveUinj; in ncienee, just. I therefore dearc at 
this present time to give him my kingdom, and to make liini King 
over you in my stead, and seat him as Sul;an in my place. So I 
will retin; to worship God (wlio.ii- niinie ho exalted !) in a Zawiyeh, 
and my son Seyf cl-Mulook will be invented witli ilie sovereignty, 
and judge between you. What then do ye all say? — And upon 
this, they all rose, and, having kissed the ground before lum, an- 
swered. We hear and obey. An<l they said, O our King and our 
defender, shoutdst thou set over us one t>f thy slaves, we would 
obey him, and attend to ihj- words, and comply with lliy command : 
how then in the case of thy sun Seyf el-Mulook f Wc accept hinri 
and ajiprove of him, on the eye and the head. 

So thereupon the King 'A'xim the son of ^afwan arose, and 
descended from bis throne, and, having seated hia son on the great 
throne, took the crown from his own head, and put it on the head 
of his son, and he girded his waist with the royal girdle." Then 
the King 'A'sim seated himself uiwn tlic throne of his kingdom, by 
the side of his son ; and tlic emecrs and wezeers, and the great men 
of the empire, and all tho people, arose and kissed the ground 
before him, and stood saying one to another. He is worthy of the 
Bovercignly, nnil he is more worthy of it ihiin any other. 'Iliey 
madv priiclamalion of safety, and offtTed up prajers in hia favour 
for victory and good fortune ; and Seyf cl-Mulook scattered gold 
and silver over the bends of all the people, conferred robes of 
honour, and gave and bestowed. Then, af^er a moment, tlie 
Wezeer Ffiris arose, and kissed the ground, and said, O cmeer^ 
O torda of the empire, do ye know that I am Wezecr, and that my 
office of Wewcr commeneed of old, before the King 'A'*im the 
■on of SafMiui wag inveated with tlie sovereignty, who hath now 
divested liiniBcIf of tlie sovereignty and invested his son in bis 




stead ? They answered, Yes : wc know tlial tliuu liaat iiiherilpd 
thine office of Wcxeer frniii Dttlicr after grandfalher. And he said, 
An<I now I divest niyself, tit\6 invest this my son S4'ed; for be is 
intelligent, sagacious, knowing. Wliat then say j-e all ? — And they 
answered. None is fit to be Wczccr to the King Scyf el-Mulook 
except thy son Sa'cd ; for they are suited one to the other. So 
thereupon tlie Wezeer Fiiriw arose, and look off his Wezeer's 
turban, and put it on the head of his son Sa'cd, and lie put the 
Wezeer's ink-cnsc before him also. And the chamberlains nnd 
emeen said, Verily lie deserveth tlie ofHcc of Wezeer. Then tlie 
King'A'eim and the Wexeer Fdris arose, and opened the trca:niries, 
and conferred sumptuous robes of honour upon tlie Kings and 
Kmeers and Wezecrs, and the great men of the empire, and nil the 
pei^e; gave salaries and beiie&clions, and wrote for thera new 
diplomas and mandatrs with tlie signature of Seyf el-MuIook and 
(he signature of llie W'czecr Sa'cd the son of the Wexecr Faris ; 
and the people [of the pro\'iince»] remained in the city for a week, 
after which each of them jnumeyed to his district and his place. 
The Kii^[ "A'p"' then took his son Seyf el-Mulook, and Sa'cd 



VOU III. 



2 I 



322 



THE STORY OF SEYF EL-.MULOOK 



tilt! soil i>f tlic old WcsiotT, und ihcy cntcivd llii; city, went iijt t» 
tlic palace, aiid, liuviiig Kuniiriiiiivd the TrcAXiirvr, oriierod him to 
briug the seal-ring and the sword and tbe wrapper ; and the King 
'A'jim said, O my sons, come : each of you shall choose something 
from this present and tjtke it. And tlie first who put forth his 
hand was Seyfel-Miilook, who took the wrapper and the HcaUriiig; 
and Saed put fortli his hand, and took the sword;" after which 
they kisgcd the hands of tlic old Kinp, and departed to their 
dwelling-places. Now when Seyf cl-Mulook took tliu wrapper, he 
did not open it, nor look at what was iu it, but he threw it upon 
the couch on which he slept at night togothcr witli his Wezeet 
Si'i'cd; for it was their eustoin to sleep together. They spread 
their bed, und the two lay down together upon it, the candles 
shedding their light upon tliem ; and they remained until midnight. 
Then Seyf el-MuIook awoke from his sleep, and, seeing the wrap- 
per at his head, he satd within himself, 1 wonder what ia iu this 
wrapper which the King hiilh givi-n us among the rarities. So he 
took it, and took a candle, and descended from the coucli, leaving 
S&*ed asleep: and ho entered a closet, and opened the wrapper; 
whereupon he saw in it a tunic of the fabric of the Jan. He then 
opened the tunic, und upreud it out, and found upon the lining of 
the hack part of it the portrait of a djunsel, delineated in gold; 
but her loveliness was wonderful, Wlu-n he saw this portrait, his 
rruMin fled from lii:t head ; he became mad with love of it, and fell 
upon the floor in a fit, and began to weep and wail, and to slap In* 
face and his bosom, and to kiss the portrait. Then he recited these 
two verges: — 

Love, nt ill «[>miiicne«ni«nt, is llho running mUvs. Drsliny bringcth it UTi<i 

cxcitcili it 
Bui wlieii llie yuulli pluiigelli inio the obj-tuM of love, ercnta occur too great 

for him to lionr. 



He ceased not to wai) and weep, and to slap his face and his 
bosom, until the Wezccr Sa'cd awoke, and looked at the bed, and 
daw not Seyf el-Mulook; but he saw a candle ; and he said within 
himself, Whither is Seyf el-Mulook gone ? He then took the 
candle, and proceeded to search through all the palace until he 
came to the closet in which Seyf el-Mulook was, when he saw him 



AND BEDEEA EL-JEMA'L. 



SiiS 



Weeping violently and wiiiHng. So he said to hiu), O my brotlier, 
I'or wh«l reason is this weeping ? What liath happened to the* ? 
Tell me, and acquaint me witt the cause of this. — But Seyf «1- 
Hulook spoke not to him, nor raiHCt] liis head: he still wept and 
waiUid, and struck his hand upon hi» bo.soin. Therefore whL-n 
Sti'ed saw him in this Htale, he said, I am tliy Wexeer and thy 
brother, and I was reared willt thee ; and if thou do not dbcover 
to me thine flffnirs, and moke me acquainted with thy secret, to 
whom vrilt thou reveal thy secret, and whom wilt thou taako 
acquainted ivilh it ? And SA'vd ceased not to humble himKcIf and 
to kiss the {TTound for some time, while Seyf ol-Mul<K>k looked not 
towards him, nor spoke to him a siugle word ; but continued weep- 
ing. An<i when his state alarmed Sa'ed, and his case wearied him, 
be went forth from him, and, taking a sword, enlcced the closet la 
which WAS Seyf el-Mulook, and put the point of tlie sword to hU 
own bosom, and said to Seyf el-Mulouk, Rouse thyself, O niy 
brother ! If thou tell me not what halh happened to thee, I will 
day myself, rather than ace thcc in this state.— So upon this, Seyf 
el-Mulook rai.icd his head towards his Wczeer SaVd, and said to 
bini, O my bmtinT, I was jmhanied to tell thee and to acquaint thee 
with that which hath hiippeiied to me. But Stl'ed replied, I cou> 
jure thee by Allah, tlio Lord of lords, and the Liberator of necks, 
and the Cause of causes, the One, the Griicious, the Bountiful, the 
Liberal, that thou tell me what it is ihat halh hMp]iened to thee, 
and be not abashed at me ; for 1 am thy slave and thy Wezeer and 
thy counsellor in all affairs. And Seyf el-Mulook said. Come, look 
at this portrait. And when Sa'ed saw that portrait, he contemplated 
it for some time, and saw uiscribed tii>un thcr head of it, in pearls 
arranged. This ia tlie portrait of Bedeei el-JemsI tlie daughter of 
Sliahyal" the son of Sh^rookh, one of the Kings of the believing 
Jan, who sojourn in the city of Babil, and dwell in the Garden of 
Ircra of the son of 'A'd the Greater.*'— Upon this, the Wezeer 
SA'ed said to the King Seyf el-Mulook, O my brother, knowest 
thou who among women is the original of this portrait, that we may 
•cJttch for her ? Seyf el-Mulook answered, No, by Allah, O my 
brother: 1 know not tho origbial of ihia portrait. And Sd'cd 
replied. Come, read this inscription. So Seyf cl-Mulook advanced, 
and read the inscription that was ujion Ihc crown, and knew iU 



THE STORY OF SEVF EL-MULQOK 



the son of the old Wczccr, and they entered the eity, went up to' 
lite palace, nnd, having summoned the Treasurer, ordered him tu 
bring tlie seal-ring anil the Hword and tlie wrapper; and llie King 
'A'f im said, O my aons, come : each of you shall chooae something 
from this present and take it. And the first who put forth liis 
hand was Sejf cl-Mulook, who took the wrapper and the seal-ring ; 
and Savd put fortti Im hand, and tu»k the sword;" after which 
they kissed the hands of the old King, and departed to their 
dweUing-pIoGCS. Now when Seyf cI-Mulook took the nriipper, he 
did not open it, nor luok at what was in it, but hc^ threw it upmi 
the coueh <m which he slept nt night together with his Wezeer 
Sa'ed ; for it was tlioir custom to sleep together. They spread 
their hed, and the two lay down together upon it, the candles 
sheddijig their light upon them ; and they remained until midnight. 
Then Seyf el-MuIook awoke from his sleep, and, seeing the wrap- 
per at his head, he snid within hinuclf, I wonder what is in tlii.t 
wrnpi>cr whieh the King hnth given us among the rarities. So hu 
took it, and took a candle, and descended from the coudi, leaving 
S&'ed asleep; and he entered a closet, and opened tlie wrapper; 
whereupon he saw in it a tunic of the fabric of tlie Jan. lie then 
opened tlic tunic, and iipread it out, aii<l found upon the lining of 
the bftck part of it the portrait of a dnnisel, delineated in gold; 
hut her loveliness was wonderful. When he «iw this portrait, his 
R-ason fled from his head ; he hceanic mnd with love of it, and fell 
upon the floor in a fit, and began to weep and wail, and to sUp his 
face and his bosom, and to kiss the portrait. Then he recited Uiesc 
two verses :- — 

Love, ni iti commracement, i« like running lutliva. Dcitiny bringclli it ntid 

cxcilclh it. 
But wli«n (lie j'uiilh (iluiigeUi into Ibo nbyuo) of love, iiveitl* occur too great 

fur liini to b«ar. 



He ceased not to wail and weep, and to slap his face and his 
bosom, until the Wezccr Sacd awoke, and looked at the bed, and 
saw not Seyf el-MuIouk ; but he saw a candle ; and he said within 
himself. Whither is Seyf eUMulook gone? lie then took the 
candle, and proceeded to search ttirough nil the palace until he 
eaine to ihc closet in which Seyf el-Mulook was, when he saw him 



AND BGDEEA IlL-JEMA'L. 



3SS 



werpii)|:; violently niid witilinf:;. So lie said to him, O my brother, 
lor whal rcnKiin in lUin wprpiiig ? Wliut liath happened to thee ? 
Tell me, and acquaint me with llie cause of this. — But Scyf el- 
Mulook spoke not to him, nor rtuKed his head: he Htill wept and 
Wftilcd, Bod struck his hand upon his bosom. Therefore wbcu 
Si'ed saw liini in tiiiK stiitc, hr said, I am thy Wezcer and thy 
brother, and 1 wan reared with ihee ; and if thou do not discover 
to mc thincv affairs, and make me acquainted witli thy secret, to 
whom wilt thou reveal thy secret, and whom wilt thou make 
acquainted with it? And Sacd ceased not to humble himself and 
to kisa the f^und for some time, while Seyf el~Mulouk looked not 
towards him, nor spoke to him a single word ; but continued weep- 
ing. And when his state akirmcd Sa'ed, and bia case wearied him, 
bo went forth from him, and, taking a sword, entered the closot in 
which was Seyf el-Muluok, iind put the point of the sword to his 
un'n bosom, and said to Seyi el-Mulouk, Kouse thyself, O my 
brother! If thou tell me not what batb happened to thee, 1 will 
slay myself, rather than see thee in this state. — So upon this, Seyf 
cl-Mulook ^ai.^ed bis head towarcU bis Wezeer SaVd, and nuid to 
bim, O my brotlier, I wus ashamed to tell thee and to acquaint tlicc 
with that which hnth happened to me. But Sii'ed replied, I con- 
jure tbee by AElub, tlie Lord of lords, and the Liberator of necks, 
and the Cause of causes, the One, the (iracious, the Bouiilifid, the 
Liberal, that thou tell me what it i« Ihat bath bnppencd to thee, 
and be not abashed at me; for I am iby alave and tliy Wezeer and 
thy counsellor in all atTairs. And Seyf cl-Mulook said. Come, look 
at this portrait. And when Sued saw that portrait, }ie contemplated 
it for some time, and saw inscribed upon the head of it, in pearls 
arranged. This is the portrait of Bedeea el-Jemal the daughter of 
Shahyfil" the son of Shirookh, one of the Kings of the believing 
Sin, who sojourn in the city of Biibil, and dwell in the Garden of 
Irem of the son of "A'd the Greater." — Upon this, the WcMcr 
S4*«d ssid to the King Seyf el-Mulook, O my brother, kuowest 
thou who among women is tlie original of tliis jmrtrait, that wc may 
search for her ? Seyf el-Mulook answered, No, by Alhih, O inj 
brother: I know not Uio original of ibis portrait. And Sa'c4 
replied. Come, read this inscription. So Seyf el-MuIook advanced, 
and read the inscription that wa-t upon tlio crown, onti knew its 



8M 



THE STORV OP 8EYF EL-MUI.OOK 



pUTport ; ai»d thereupon he uttered a loud cry from the bottom of 
bis boHODi, and §aid, AJi ! Ah ! Ah I — But SA'cd said to him, O my 
brotlier, if the originnl of tliU portntit be in cxiatetice, and her 
wunc be Bcdecn cl-Jctniil, and slic be iii the n'orUl, I will hasten 
to seek her, without delay, that tliou mayest attain thy desire. 1 
eonjure thee then by AUab, O my brother, that thou relinquish 
weeping, in order that thou mnyest introduce the people of the 
empire to widt upon thee ; and when t)ie morning connrlh, summon 
the mercliuntx aiiiI the poor ilevotees and the travellem and the 
needy, and inquire of them respecting the particulars of this city. 
Perhaps some one, by the blessing of God (whose perfection be ex- 
tolled, and whose name be exalted !), and by his aid, may direct us 
to it, and to the Goiden of Irem. 

Accordingly, when Uie morning came, Seyf el-MuIook arose, 
and ascended the throne, hugging the tunic ; for from this time bo 
neither rose nor sat down, nor would sleep come to him, unless it 
were with liim. So the emecrs and wczcers and the troops and the 
lords of the empire came in to him ; but when tlie court wna fully 
attended, and the assembly was ranged in order, the King Seyf el- 
Mulook said to his Wczeer Sii'ed, Go forth to them aJid say to 
them, that the King liath expericnc«d an indisposition, and that he 
pusised not last night save in a stjitc of ilhiess. Tfie Wczccr SAVd 
therefore went forth, and acquainted the people with that which 
Uie King had said. And when the King 'A'sim heard that, llie 
case of his son was not a light matter to him ; wherefore, upon this, 
he summoni-d the tiages and the nstrologcnn, and went in with them 
to his son Seyf el-MuIook ; and they looked at him, and jirescribed 
for him .1 beverage, and he remained in his place during a period of 
three montlis. So the King 'A'^im said to the sages who were 
present, being eiwaged ogitiiist them. Wo to you, O dogs ! Are ye 
all unable to cure my son ? Now if ye cure him not immediately, 
I will slay you all ! — Their chief replied, O King of the age, wc 
' know that this is thy son, and tliou knowest that we are not neg- 
lectful in (he cure of the stranger : how then should we be tut witli 
n-spect to the cure of thy sou ? But thy son hath a difficult dis- 
ease: if thou desire to know it, we will mention it to thee, and 
inform thee of it. — The King 'A'fim said, ^^''hat hath appeared to 



AND BEUIvKA El^EMA'L. 



SX6 



you in th« disease of my son 7 So the chief ssge annwered bim, O 
Kiiig of the flge, verily thy son is now onamourod, snd loveth a 
person with whom there is no way of cfiecting a union. And upon 
this, the King 'A'mih was enraged, and said. How learnwl yc that 
my *»n is enamoured, and how canie love unto my sou ? They 
therefore answered him. Ask hi^t brother and his Weseer, S&'ed ; 
for he is the person wlio knoweth Ms state. And the King 'A'sim 
arose, and, having entered a closet alone, summoned Sa'ed, and said 
to him. Tell me the true nature of the disease of my son. But ho 
replied, 1 know nut its true nature. And the King said to the 
executioner. Take Sd'ed, bind his ej'es, and smite olf his head. So 
Sa'cd feared for himself, and said, O King of the age, givo mo 
promise of indemnity. And he replied, Tell me, and thou shnlt be 
iiafc, Tlicn Si'cd said to him. Verily thy son is enamoured. — And 
who, asked the King, is tlie object of his passion ? S&'ed answered. 
The daughter of one of the Kings of the Jdn ; for he saw her por- 
trait upon a tunic in tlie wrapper which Suluyman the Prophet of 
God gave you. 

And tliercupon llic King 'A'sim arose and went in to hw son 
Seyf el-Mulodk, and said to him, O my son, what hath afllicted 
thee, and wliat is this portrait of which thou bast become ena- 
moured, and why didst thou not inform roe f Seyf el-Mulook 
answered, O my father, I was abashed at thee, and I was not able 
to mention to thee tliat matter, nor could I acquaint any one with 
uigbt of it : but now thou knowcst my state ; sec then how thou 
will act to effect my cure. His father said to him, What expe- 
dient stiall be employed ? Were this of the daughters of mankind, 
we would contrive an expedient to obt^n access to her; hut she is 
of the daughters of the Kings of the Jan ; and who la able to gain 
possession of licr, unless it be Sulcyniiin the son of Dfiood ? for he 
is tlic person who can effect thaL Hut, O my son, arise iinmcdi- 
atcly, and strengtlien thyself, and mount, and go to the chase, and 
to the games in the horse-course ; employ tliyself also in eating and 
drinking, and dismiss anxiety and grief from thy heart. I will 
bring thoc a hundred damsels of tlic (laughters of Kings, and tlioa 
hast no need of the daughters of the Jan, over whom we hare 
no power, and who arc not of our species. — But he replied, I will 



■ft '^- 







uot relinquisli her, nor will 1 r^cck uny other than her. So his 
father said to him. How shall it be done, O my son? And he 
uiiKwpred him, Driiig to uh all the iiierclmnis and the travellers and 
wanderers tlirougliout the countries, that we may iiiquiro of them 
respecting this, Perliapa God will direct ub to the garden of Jrem 
mid to the city of Bubil. — The Kln<f 'A';ini therefore commanded 
tltnt every mtTrchttnt in the city should pnwoiil himself, «im] every 
stranger in it, and every sea-captain ; and when they came, he asked 
them respecting the city of Babil and its country, and respecting 
tlic Garden of Irem. Not one of thcni, liowcvcr, knew these 
places, or gavn any information of them. But on the breaking up 
of the assembly, one of them said, O King of tlie age, if thou deure 
to know that, inquire in the country of China ; for it hath a great 
city, and perhaps some one of that place may direct the* to the 
object of thy desire. And upon this, Scyf cl-Miilook said, O my 
iather, fit out fur me a ship for the voyage to the land of Ciiina. 
His father replied, O my son, ut thou upon tlie throne of thy king- 
dom, and rule the people, and I will make the voynge to the land 
of China, and go myself on this business. But Scyf cl-Mulook 
said, O my father, this aiTuir concenictb me, and no one can seek to 
accomplish it like myself; and whatever may happen, if thou give 
me permission to make the voyage, I will do so, and be absent for 
a period of time, if I fiiid any tidings of her, uiy desire is 



TUE STORY OF SEYF KL-HULOOK, ««. 



*JT 



jiltaiiiiMl; and if I Hik! no Li<luig» of her, by lli« xoyxge I »luill 
experience dilatation of my bosom, and enlivcnmeni of my heart : 
by this meiins my ca»c n-ill become easy ; and if 1 live, I shall 
rrtum to ihec safe. — A»d tlie King looked at his son, and saw for 
himself DO resource but doin^ for bim that which would content 
him. So be gave him pcmiissioii to make the voyage, and 6tled 
out for him forty shi[>s, and a thousand" nicmlooks, besides ser- 
vants, and gave hint wealth and treasures, with everything that he 
required of implements c^ war; and he said to him. Set forth 
OD thy voyage, O my son, in prosperity and hcaltli and safety. I 
commit thee unto Him wit)) whom deposits are not lost. 

llien his father and his motlier \*ade him farewell, the sliips 
were laden with water and provisions and arms and sohlicrs, and 
they commenced the voyage. They ceased not to pursue their 
course until they arrived at the rapitid of China j and when tlie 
people of China heard that there had come to them forty ships 
fdled with men and equipages and arms and stores, they made sure 
that they were enemies who bad come to attack them and besiege 
them ; wherefore they closi-d llie gates of the cily, and prepared 
tlic catapult*. So when the King Seyf el-Mulook heard of this, he 
sent to them two of his favourite memlooks, and said to them, Go 
ye to the King of China, and say to him, Tliis is Seyf eUMuIook, 
the SOD of tlio King 'A'^im : he hath come unto tlty city as a guest, 
to divert himself in thy country for a period of time, luid not to 
fight, nor to contend : so if thou wilt receive him, he will land to 
tisit thee; and if thou wilt not receive him, ho will return, anil not 
trouble thee nor the people of thy city. — Accordingly the mem- 
looks, on tlieir arriving at tlie city, said to its inhabitants, We are 
envoys of the Kit^ Seyf el-Mulook. They theteforo opened to 
them the gate, and went with them, and presented them before 
their King. His name veas Fughfoor" Shiih; and there bad ex- 
isted between him and the King 'A'xim, before that period, an 
actjuaititance. So wbeii he heard that lite King who liad come to 
him was Seyf el-Muluok, tlie son of the King 'A'«m, he bestowcil 
robes of honour upon the envoys, and gave orders to opeu the gates. 
He also prepared the gifts of hospitality, and went fortli hinisoir, 
with the fitvourile oflicers uf his empire, and come to Seyf el-Mu- 
look; and they embraced each other. He said to him, A friendly 



* 



THE STORY OF SKYP EI^HULOOK 



anti free anil ample welcome to liim who hatti come unto us ! I am 
thy mi-mlook, niid the mcmlook of tity fstlier; my city is at thy 
disiKuutl, and vvc^n'Uitng llial thou dc-mandest shall be brought unto 
thee. — And lie presented to him tlie gifts of hospitality, and pro- 
vbions [for liim and his people], at their stations. Then the King 
Scyf et-Mulook motrnted. and Sn'ed hix Wczrcr, and with tliem 
their faroiirito oBicera and the rest of ilie noldien, anti tliey pro- 
ceeded along the sea-shore until they entered the city ; when tlie 
cymbals were beaten, and iho drums to announce the happy event; 
and they remained there for a period of forty days, wcU entertained. 

After this, tlie Kin^ of China said to Scyf cl-Muluok, O son of 
my brother, how art tlioii ? Hnth my countrj- pleased thee? — Scyf 
cI-Mulook answered him. May God (wbosie name be cxaltetii) 
make it ever to be honoured by thy rule, O King ! And the King 
Faghfoor Shih said, Nought hath brought ihee hither save some 
affair that liath occurred to thee ; and what«Tcr thing thou desirest 
to obtain from my country, I will accomplish it for thee. So Scyf 
cl-MuI(i[>k replied, O King, verily my case is wonderful ; and it is 
this: I have become enamoured of a portrait of Bedeeft el-JeniAI. 
And upon this the King of China wept in pity and compassion for 
him, and said to him, And what desirest thou now, O Scyf el- 
Mulook ? He answered him, I desire of thee tliat thou bring imto 
me all the wanderers and travellers, and tliose who arc aeciistomcd 
to joomeys, that I may inquire of them respecting tlie original of 
this portrait. Perhaps some one of tliem may give me infomistion 
respecting her. — The King Faghfoor Shah therefore sent the lieu- 
tenants and chamberlains and guards, ajid commanded tliem to 
bring all the wanderers and travellers who were in the country. So 
they brought them ; and they were a numerous company ; and they 
assembled before the King Foglifoor Shiih. Then the King Scyf 
el-Mulook inquired respecting the city of Babil and the Garden of 
Ircm: but none of thero returned him on answer; wlierefora the 
King Seyf el-MuIook was perplexed at his case. After that, how- 
ever, one of the sea-captains said, King, if thou desire to know 
this city and that garden, inquire in the islands that appertain to 
India. 

So thereupon, Scyf el-Muloot commanded that they should 
bring the ships ; and they did so, and stored thcni with water and 



AND BF.DEEA EUTEMA'L. 



as9 



provisiQiis and all tliat they required; after which, Sejf el-Mulouk 
embarked, witli Sa'ed his Wezeer, having biddeu farewell to tlie 
King Faghfoor Sb&h, and they continued thotr course over the sea 
for 8 period of four months, nitb a fair wind, safe and secure. But 
it happened that (hvrc arose against thvin a wind one day, the bil- 
lows came upon them from every quarter, the rain descended upon 
them, and the sea became changed by the violence of the wind. 
The ships dashed one against another by reason of tlie force of the 
wind, and all fell to pieces, as also dJd the small boat^, [c-xccpting 
Mie,] and they were all submerged but Scyf cl-Mulook witli a 
party of his menilooks who remained in a Bniall boat. Then the 
wind became stilled and calmed by the power of God (whwe niinie 
be exalted !], and the xtui rose, and Seyf cI-Muloolc, opening hia 
eyes, saw not any of the shifin, nor .law he aught save the »ky and 
the water and himself and those who were with him in the little 
boat. So he said to the memlooks who were with him, Where arc 
the xhipit and the small boats, and where is my brother S^'edf 
They answered hiiii, O King of the age, there remain not shi])s nor 
boats nor those who were in them ; for they arc all submerged, 
and have become food for the fishes. And thcieupon, Seyf el- 
Mulook called out, and repeated a sentence the utterer of which is 




sm 



TIIK STORY OF SEYf KL-MULOOK 



secure from confusion ; lliat is, There is no strength nor power but 
in God, the Higlii the Great ! Then he be^n to slap hw (tcv, and 
deiircd to nut himsolf into (he sea; but the mcmlooks prevonted 
him, nnd ssid to him> O ICtng, what advantage would arise to thee 
from this? Xltou h««t done with thyself thus, and hadst thou 
attended to tlie word* of Uiy f»thcr, nought of tlii* had happt^ned 
to thee. But al) this was written from eternity by the will of the 
Creator of souU, nijd the servant must experience the accomplish- 
ment of tliiit which (rod hutli decreed to iK-fall him. The aatro- 
logers said to thy father, at thy biith, Verily all these difficulties 
will befall this tliy son. And ;n this case wc hnTC no resource but 
to be patieul until <io<l shall dispel from us ihe aiHiction in which 
we are involved. — And Scyf cl-Mulook said. There i» no strength 
nor power but in God, the High, the Gre^t! Tliere is tio pkee of 
refuge from thnt which God (whose aiuae bv exalted !) decreeih, 
nor any Uight tlierefrom t — Then he sighed, and recited these 
verMs : — 

I SDi |>«rpl»x«(l, by llioCompMMonUo! wiUioiit doubt, in my cate; and bauble 

huh befallen mc fma (ourcM unknown to nc! 
I will be pnlii'iil, tliaC niiuikiud inny knuw me lo h&v« bonw witb patit'nco 

dial irbivb ia niurr liltlvT lh»n alow." 
Th« tatit* of hiltrr nloni it not like my patience; for I have boras with 

palicncc what in liotter tlian live coalt. 
I hare no n-courcr b my pm«iit cut ; but I comroil niy aSun tu tin 

IKapOMr of evoiiU. 

He WON drowne<l in the seB oF tolieitudex, and his tears ran 
down his check like a copious rain ; and he slept for a period of the 
day, after which lie awoke, and demanded some food. So he ate 
until he was stitislied, nnd they removed the provision fron» before 
him. The bout prowedcd with thtnn, and they knew nol wliiilier 
it was conveying tlii-m ; and it ceased nut lo bear tiienv along wilb 
the waves and the winds night and day for a long period of time, 
until their prori&iou was exhausted, and they wore confounded, and 
became in « state of the most violeut hunger and thint luid agita- 
tion. But lo, un ixl.ind iippeared lo them in the distance, and the 
winds drove tliem on until they arrived at it; whereupon they 
made fast (heir boat to it, nnd landed, lca%-ing one in the boat. 
They went on upon that island, and suw upon it many fruits of aJI 
kinds, and ntv of iIk'ni until they wci-e satisfied. And lo, iberc wa& 



AND BEDREA EWEMA'U 



331 



a person sittinf; nmon^ the trcco, loiig-fnccd, of str&nf^o app^&rance, 
with whitL- heard niid vkiri ; niid h(- trailed to one of the mcmloolcs 
bj his name, and said tn him, Eat not of these fruits; for they are 
not ripe ; but come to mc, that I may give thcc to eat of these ripe 
fruiU. And the mcmlook looked at him, niid imagined that he nas 
of the number of tho*C who were submorgi'd, and that he had 
landed upon this island. So he rejoiced extremely at the sight of 
him, and walked on until he came near to him ; this memlook not 
knowing what was necretly ordniiiec! to befall him, and what was 
written upon his forehead," And when lie came near to him, that 
person leaped upon him ; for he was a M^rid ;" and mounting 
upon his shoulder)!, he wotuid one of his legs round his neck, and 
hung the other down hi* back, and said to him. Walk on : there 
remainelli for thee no escape from me, and thou hast b<rcome 
my ass. The memlook thereupon called out to his companions, 
and began to weep, and to sny, Alas, my master ! Go yc forth and 
ure younelve* from this Mood, and flee ye ; for one of its inhabit- 
ants halh mounted upon my shoulders, and the rest seek you, and 
desire to mount you like me. — So when they heard these words 
which the memlook uttered, they all iled, and embarked in the 
boat; and tlie inhabitants of the isknd followed them iuto the sea, 
saying to them, Whither go yc? Come and remain with us, that 
we may ride upon your hacks, and we will give you food and <lrink, 
and ye shall be our asses. — Therefore on their hearing from ihem 
these words, they hastcne^l in their course upon the sea until they 
were far from ihcm ; uid they proceeded relying upon God, wliose 
nunc be exalted 1 

They ceased not to proceed in this manner for the space of a 
month, till another island appeared to them ; and they landed upon 
that island, and saw there fruits of various kinds. 80 they busied 
themselves with eating the fruits; and !o, they saw something in 
the way, apjicaring in the distance ; and when they drew near to it, 
tiicy looked at it, and saw it to be a ereaturi: of hideous appearance, 
lying down, like a column of silver. And a memlook struck it with 
his foot ; and behold, it was a person with long eyes ontl cloven 
head, and he was hidden bemi^th one of his ears; for it was hi* 
habit, when he slept, to put ono of his ears beneath his head, and 
la cover himself with the other car." He llieii seized the memlook 



iS» 



THE STOBY OF SEYF EI^MULOOK 



who struck liim, luiij went with biin into (hi! micUt of the island ; 
and ki, it waa all occupiMl by Ghools, who ate llie aona of Adam. 
Aiitl thereupon that mrmlook allcd out to Ids compnninns and sniil 
to them, S«ve yourselves ; for iliis ixlaiKl is tlic isUtid of tlie Uhoolit 
who cat tlie sons of Adun, and lliey desire to cut me up and cat 
me. So when they heard these vords, they tiuiied back in flight, 
and <!es(»iided from the sliorc into the boat, witlwut baring coU 
Icctcd au^bt of the fruits. 

They proceeded for some days, and it happened tlint there ap- 
peared to them, one day, another islaiid ; and wlien they arrived at 
it, they found upon it a high mouiitAiii, which they ascended, and 
they found upon the niountaii) a wood of many trees ; and they 
were hungry ; wherefore they busied themseUes with ealii^ of the 
fruitd. But tlipy were not awan' when tliere cjime forlh to them, 
from Among the treet, pertons of horrible aspect, and tull ; the 
Iteight of each of them was fifiy cubits, and his dog-teeth protruded 
from his mouth like the tusks of the elephant. And lo, they found 
■ person sitting upon n piece of black felt on a rock, and around 
him were the £thi(ipiansi a numerous company, siiinding in attend- 
ance upon him. Then these Ethiopians came and took Seyf et- 
Midook and his memlooks, and, having stationed them before their 
King, said, We found tliesR birds among the trees. And the King 
was himgry : no he took two of the memlooks, and alau^htered 
Ihetn and ate them, llierefore when Seyf el-^{ulook beheld this 
thing, he feared for himself, and wept ; and Iw recited these two 
verses: — 

Cslamilic* havo (wcoiiiu ritiiiiliur with my htaxL nnd I villi Uum, ufUc 
■huiuiini; them; for the fm*raiia ti hsbiUitlljr biHlUal. 

Tbv aniietiei that 1 luficr are not ot one dofcriptlon : 1 han (pniM kt tB 
Gud '.) (liutiMiida of thciD." 



Then he sighed, and recited also this couplet! — 

Fortune halli HniUen ma so vith tliawtcn, th»t my heart it oovered with ila 

afTowt; 
And now, ohtn niher ammi ttrika ma, their poinia brtak againat the points 

in in; brail. 

And when the King heard hu weeping and lamentation, he said. 
Verily these hirds have an ogrceahle voice and modulation, and their 




tfaen; 

* place over 

Uut had beUka 

whkfabetMd 

three tatnJoaki 

dMogbta fadevcd ikM tkr *me 

other eomtrv fcO iitio her 



S» 8rrf«|.irJni* 1 

' fahiiiH»methB 
aDtktiMAeKiiv'a 
h «u thecMtda af 

fl/lh> bd cf Egypt oris; 

Md {kncd ber, to bold hin 



m high odaatica ; sad h happeatJ, fa; the decree of God (whoae 
uame be exalted!) sad hi* praleMaBCian, that whea she saw 
Svyf et-Mnloo^ his beaotv and InirBai m ph!a»cd beft and hit 
stature ami jiMdwa of fbnn. She theic&ce gara orden to treat 
btn and his cantpaiiioiis inih hoooar, and careesed him ; bat be 
■hewed a dislike to h«r ; and upon tki* >hr was incensed against 
bim and his roemlooka, and cominaitded them to scrrc her, and to 
ooDTej to bcr the water and the fire-wood. Thej continued to do 
thus lor four rears, and this >utc wearied Seyf eUMulook : so he 
twnt to intercede with the Queen, hoping tliat she woald liberate 
ifaem, and that thejr m^ht go tlieir waj and bv relieved from their 
present alate ; but abe refiued ; and Sej-f eUMuloob and the mem- 
looks remained with her upon the island in the Muiti; ennditinn. 
The iuluibiUnts of the island knew lluit tlicv were the birds of the 



I 



S36 



THE STORY OF SEYP KUMULOOK, Bte. 



it upon the sen. and Udvtl it vritli fruit-t gntlierMl from tlie trvvs of 
the UU]>d, tuuL pn-pared theniselves at the doee of the day, u<ji 
having ac({uainted any one with that which they had done. Then 
Uiey embarked upon tho raft, and proceeded over the sea for a 
period of four months, not knowing wkilher Uiey were bomc. 
Their proviaiotix were exhausted, and tliey had become in a xtatc of 
tlie moat violent hunger and tliirsl, when lo, the sea (rotbed and 
foamed, and rose In high waves, and there came to them a horrible- 
crocodile, which put forth its forc-puw, and Mnzvd one of the mem- 
look*, and Kwallowed him. Tht-refon^ when Seyf el-Mulook saw 
that crocodile do tlius with the memlook, he wept violently. Ho 
remained upon the riift with the two other mcmlooks** alone, and 
tlicy passed on to a distance from the place of the crocodile, in a 
Ktate of fear. They ceased not to remain in thia state until there 
appeared to them, one day, a great mountain, terrible, loftj-, rising 
high into the air ; and they were glad at the sight of it ; and after 
that, there appeared to thcni an ishuid: so they pursued their 
eoutst! to it with diligence, rejoicing at their arriving there. But 
while they were in tliis condition, lo, tlic »ca became agitated, and 
ita waves rose high, and itti statv became changed. Then again a 
crocodile raised his head, strctelied forth his [>aw, and took the two 
remaiuing niemlooks of Seyf eJ-Mulouk, and swallowed them. 

So Seyf el-Muloofc remained alone until he arrived at the 
island ; whereupon he laboured till he had ascended tho mountain, 
and he looked, and saw a wood, which he entered, and lie walked 
among the trcea, and began to eat of the fruits ; but lie nw that 
more than twenty great apes luid ascended some of the trees ; eacli 
of them larger than u mule. Therefore when Seyf eUMulook 
beheld Ui«e apes, violent feor came upon him. Then the apes 
descended, and surrounded him on every aide ; and after that thi-y 
walked before him, making a sign to him that he should follow 
them, and went on. So Seyf el-MuIook walked after them; and 
tli«!y ceased not to proceed, vrith him following tiicm, until they 
came to a castle of high structure, witli lofty angles. They entered 
thia castle, and Seyf el-Mulook entered behuid them, and he 
beheld in it, of all kind.t of rarities and jewels an<l minerals, whnt 
the tongue cannot describe. Ho saw aUo in this casllc a young 
man, upon the sides of whose face liairs had not hegun to grow; but 




he was toll, exceedingly' tail ; and when Seyf cKMulook saw this 
youiifr mau, be was cheered by his conipanv ; and there mis not in 
that castle any one of mankind besides iliis young mau. The young 
man, on ttielng Svyf cl-Mulook, was pleased with him cxtreinely ; 
and he said to him, Wliat in tliy nimiv, and from whal country art 
thou, and how earnest ihou hither? Acquaint nic with tliy story, 
and conceal not of it auglit. — Therefore Seyf cl-Mu!ook replied, 1, 
by Alhih, came not hither by my own clioicc. nor was tliis place tlie 
object of my desire, nor ciin I remniii in ii pUcu" until I attain 
what 1 seek.— And whtit is it, said the young man, that thou 
seekest? Seyf el-Mulook answered him, I am of the land of 
Egypt, and my name is Seyf cI-Mulook, and my father is named 
the King 'A'sim the son of Safwnn. lie then related to him the 
events tlint had happened l" hitn from the finit of the case to the 
lut; and thereupon that young man arose and betook himself to 
the service of Seyf cl-Mulook, and said, O King of the age, I was 
in £g}'pt, and heard that thou hud.st gone to the land of China ; and 
how far in (hi* lantl from the land of China ! Verily tills iq a won- 

VM- III. 3 X 



m 



THE STORY OF SEVF EL-MULOOK 



dcrful thing, and an <:xtraord!niLr^- CA*c!^Seyf cl-Mulook rqilicd. 
Thy words we true ; but »ftcr that, I proceeded from the land of 
Cliinct to the hind of India, and a wind arose against us, and l)iv »fA 
became agitated, and aJI the sliips that were with me went to 
pieces. And he told him all tluit had happened u> him, until he 
said, And 1 hare come unto the« in this place. The young man 
tlien said to him, O «un of llie King, wliat thou hast cx{>cric»ccd in 
thta absence from thy coantrj', and in the difficulties that have 
attended it, ia sufficient for thee, and praise be to God who hath 
brought thee to this place ! Hctiide then with inc, that I may be 
cheered by ihy society until I die, and thou shah be King over this 
region ; for it compriiieth tliis island, of which no limit is known. 
Moreover these apes are skilled in arts, and erenrtbing that thou 
shalt demand thou wilt find here. — But Scyf cl-Mulook replied, O 
my brother, 1 cannot remain in any place until my afliur be accom- 
plished, though I sliould go round about the whole world inquiring 
respecting the object of my desire. Perhaps God will causic mc to 
attain my wish, or my course may lead tne to a place wherein my 
appointed term shall end, and I shall die. 

The young mait then looked towards an a|»e, and made a sign 
1(1 him; whereupon the api! absented himself for a while; after 
which he came back, accompanied by ajtes with silken napkins tied 
to their waists; and they brought forward a table» and put upon it 
aliout a hundred dishes of gold and silver, containing all kinds of 
viands, and the apeji stood in llie maimer of servants before 
Kings. Next he made a sign to the chamberlains to seat themselves : 
so they sat; and he whose custom it was to serve stood. 'Ilicn they 
ate until they wore satisfied, when they removed tlie table, and 
bmiiglit basins and ewers of gold, and they washed their hands. 
And after tliat, they brought wine-vessels, about forty vessels, each 
containing a particidnr kind of wine; and they drank, and enjoyed 
themselves, and were raerrj', and their time was pleasant; all the 
apes dancing and playing, while the eaters were occupied in eating. 
So when Scyf el-MuIook beheld this, he wondered at them, 
and forgot the difficulties that had happened to him. And when 
night came, they ligtilcd the cnndle*, and put them in candlesticks 
of gold and silver. Then they brought vessels of dried and fresh 
fruitn, and ihcy ate; and when the time for sleep came, they spread 



AND DEDEEA EL-JBMA'L. 



SS9 



Tot tlteni tile bt-ila, itnd l]u-y slept. And in tlii^ monunjf, tlir young 
man hiom ita lie vra^i wunt, and lie woki- S(^^i' el-Mulouk, and aaid 
to him, Put forth thy head irom this windon, and see what is 
Dtaiiding beneath the window. lie therefore looked, and he saw 
apes that filled the wide waste and all tliv desert tract, and none 
knew iho miniber of those apes but God, whose name be exalted! 
So Sejf el-Mulook said, These are iiutncrous apes, that have filled the 
open eountrj", and wherefore have they assembled at this time? 
And the young man tmswcred him, Tills is their custom: all who 
ar« in die island have come, and some of tliem have comt? from a 
distance of two days' journey, or three days; for they come eveiy 
Saturday," and stand here until I awake from my sleep and put 
my head forth from this window; and when they see me, they kiss 
tlie ground before me; after which they depart to thoir occupations. 
And he put forth his head from tiie wHndow so tliat they saw hiraj 
and when they beheld him, they Idsscd the ground before bim, and 
departed. 

Scyf cI-Mulook remained with tlie young man during the »pacc 
tif a whole moiuh; and after that, he bade him farewell, and 
departed. The young man ordered a party of the apes, about a 
hundred, to juurney with him; and they journeyed in attendance 
upon Seyf eUMulook for a period of seven days, until they had 
conducted him to the extremity of their country," when they bade 
him farewell, and returned to thcix places. Seyf tl-Mulook then 
journeyed alone over the mountains and lulls ard the deserts and 
wastes for the space of four months, one day hungrj' and another day 
satiated, one day eating of the Iicrboge and nnollier day eating of the 
fruits of the trees. Ue began to repent of that which he had done 
witli bim.telf, and of his going forth from that young man, and he 
desired to relrace his steps to him. But he haw an indistinct black 
object appearing in tlic distance; so lie .-mid within himself, Is this a 
black city, or how is the case! But I will not return until Iscewliat 
this indistinct object is. — And when he came near to it, he saw it 
to be a palace of lofty structure. He who built it was Yafith the 
son of Nooh (on whom be peace !), and it was the palace which 
God (whose name he exalted!) hath mentioned in his JvxccUent 
Book, in his words, And an abandoned welt, and a lofty palace." 
Seyf el-Miilook seated himself at the door of the palare, and iiaid 



940 



THE STORY OF SEYK EL-Mt'LOOK, tte. 



within bitnself, I vrondirr whnt is the stAte of the iiiU-rior of this 
paUicr, nnd vrho of tlic Kings \s within it. Who now will acquaint 
tn« with the truth of the caw, and arc its inhRbitnntx of mankind 
or (if the Jinn? — He »t ni Hi fating for some time, and foinid not 
any one entering it nor any coming forth from it. So lu; arose and 
walked forward, relying upon Ood, until lie entered the palace; 
and ho counted in his way sevm cntntiice^pauwoges; hut aaw no 
one. Ho hi-held, however, on hix right hand, three doors, and 
before him a door over wliith hung a curtain. He therefore ad- 
vanced to that door, and liiled the curtain with hia hand, and 
walked on vritliin the door; and lo, he found a great leewnn" spread 
with silken carpets, and nt the upper end of the loewdn wax a conch 
of gold, whereon sat a ihimsel whose facv was like tlie moon; upon 
her was the apparel of Kings, anil iihe resembled a bride on the 
night of hor display. And at ilie feet of the couch were forty 
tables, upon wliicli were dishes of gold and silver, all of ihcm filled 
with rich viands. When St-yfcl-MuIook hehWd her, he approached 
her and saluted; and she returned his salutation, and Mid to him. 
Art thou of mankind ar of the Jinn ? He answered, I am of the 
best of mankind; for I am a King, tlie son of a King. And she 
said lo him, Vf*hat dost thou desire t Avail thyself of this food, 
and after that relate to mc thy story from first lo Inst, and tell mc 
how tliou earnest to this place, — Seyf cl-Mulook therefore seated 
liimself at a table, and removed the cover fn»m it, and, being hungry, 
he ato of tlioac dislies until he was satiated, and wa-nhed his hands; 
after which he ascended the coueh, and scaled himself by tlie 
dtunsel, who thereupon said to him, Who art thou, and what is thy 
name, and whence hast thou come, and who brought thee hither? 
Seyf el-Mulook replied. As to me, my story is king. And she 
said to him, 7V1I nie whence thou art, and what is the cause of thy 
coming hitlier, and wlnit is thy desire. But he replied, Inform 
thou me what is thy state, and what is thy name, and who brought 
theo hither, and wherefore thou art residing in ttiis place alone. 
And tlie damsel stud to Kim, — 

My name is Dolet Khiiloon :** I am daughter of the King of 
India, and ray fother dweilelh in the city of Sarandevb." He hath 
a beautiful, largo garden : there is not in the land of India and its 
diatricts any superior to it : and in it is a larfie tank ; aitd I entered 




tliat garden one Any witli my remnlc sliivcs, aiid I and my (eniale 
slaves approached iind (ie»ce»dcd into Uie lank, aiid wi^ proi^eeded 
to play and to arauae ourselves. But I was not aware when a thing 
like a cloud camp down upon me, and, having snatched mc away 
from among my female sluveit, Rew witli mv between heaven and 
caitli, sayiiiR, O Dolet Khatoon, fear not, but be of tranquil lieart. 
Then he llew on with mc for a short time ; after which he put me 
down in llii« pulacm, and immediately became transformed, and lo, 
he was a comely yonng man, of youthftil beauty, and clean in 
apparel ; and he said to me. Dost thou know me ? I anxwered. 
No, O my master. And he said, I am son of the Blue King, King 
of the Jan, and my father dwcllcth in the Castle of El-Kulxum," 
and hath under his authority six huridrci) thousand of the flying 
and the diving Jinn." It happened to me that I wait on a Journey, 
going on my way, and I saw thcc and became enamoured of thee, 
and, descending upon thee, seized thee irom among the female 
slaves, and brought thcc to thi* loHy palaces, which is my place 
and my abode. No one ever cometh to it; neither any of the 
Jinn nor any of mankind ; and from India to this place is a journey 
of a hundred and twenty years :" so be sure that thou wilt never 



m 




MbM. S*SeTfel.MakMik! 




wiKk 



«U« 




vbthalli 

■U.Ibeu 

nth it 

IHM of Bcik^ cMc^I, br m. filled 
I ^1, liiiBiHiti^^BiilnfihfirfT 
"-- -' ■ - Tf mm • OBedeei 

T^TMfcir Mt, ■« »f, Mt smk Dotet 

MK RSM^wcnd be* 
t» Wr. O Da« KUlDai^ tlM« wt « 
n Uus be tli; 
tlw 



OVBt 



ia tW garden, nd. 



<tf BedKi eUoMl 



^TO birth ta ae IK ^ gmkn: and Uu 



m 



Iht 



tW 



P« 



fairtb to Bedni d fiTfl Thea «hc wnt 



ia a tnct of &e gifdea,aiM) 
of bet 



AND BEDF.F.A Et. JEMA'L. 



»U^ 



female slaves to my inuthor to ilciiiiiiid of lii^r some food and uoc«s- 
sary clotliitig. nnd my mother sent to her what she ilemanded, ant) 
invitcil her. She therefore arose, and, tfikiiig Bcdeca el-Jeniiil 
vfith her, eame to my mother, and my mother suckled BcdeeS «1- 
Jein£l ; and her mother nn<l she rcmninrd with iis in the garden for 
the space of two inontlis; after which ahe journeyed to her 
country; and she gave to my mother a thing, saying to her, When 
thou wantest me, I will come to Ihcc in the midst of the giirden. 
Bedccii cl-Jcmal used to come with her mother cvorj- yeai-, and 
ihey used to remain with us some time, and then to return to their 
country' ; and if I wi^rt^ with my mother, O Scyf el-Mulook, and 
beheld thee with us in our country, and we were united as usual, 1 
would employ some stratagem against Bedee^ el-JeinuI so as to 
make thee aliaiu thy desire ; but I am in this place, and ihey know 
not my case. If ihey were acijuolnted with my case, and knew me 
to be here, they could effect my deliverance from this place ; but 
the afiair is God's (wliuse j>erfection he extolled, and whose name 
be exalted !), and what can I do ? 

Scyf el-Mulook then said to her. Arise, and come with me : 
we will fii-e, and gn whither God (whose name he exalted!) 
plca^eth. But she replied, We cannot do thut. By Allah, if we 
fled to the distance of a year's journey, tliis accursed wreleh would 
bring us back immedint«ly, and he would destroy us. — So SejF-f d- 
Mulook said, 1 will hide niy^elf in a place ; and when ho paaselh 
by me, I will smite him with the sword, and slay him. But slie 
replied. Thou canst not slay him unless thou kill hia «oul. — And in 
what place, said he, is his soul ! She answered, I asked him 
respecting it many times ; but he would not confess to me its place. 
It happened, however, that I urged him, one day, and he was 
enraged against me, and said to me, How often wilt thou ask me 
respecting my soul ? What is tlie reason of thy (iiie^tion respecting 
my soul ? So I answered him, Ilatim," there remainetli to me 
no one but thee, excepting God ; and I, as long ns I live, woidd not 
cease to hold thy soul in my ('mbraee ; and if 1 do not tiike care of 
thy soul, and put it in the midxt of my eye, how can I live after 
thee ? If 1 knew thy soul, I would take care of it as of my right 
eye. — And thereupon he said to me, When I was born, the astro- 



3W 



THE STORY OF SEYF Eb-MULOOK 



log^m declared that the destruction cif niv s<>ul would Ite cflVctcd 
b}' llie hand of one of tho sons of the huutan Kiu^. I therefore 
took my soul, and put it iuto the crop of a sparrow, and I 
imprUonvd the spurrow in a little box, and put tliis into another 
small bux, and thin 1 put within xeven otht;r small bo.\<.-s, and I put 
these wiiliin seven chests, and the chests I put into a cofTer" of 
marble within the verge of this circuummbicnt ocean ; for this part 
is remote from the countries of mankind, and none of mankind can 
gain access to it. Now 1 have told thee ; and tell not thou any 
one of this; for it is a secret between me and thee. — So I said to 
him, To whom should I relate it ! None but thee comctll unto me, 
that I should tell him. — llien 1 snid to him, By Allah, thou hast 
put thy soul in a most strongly secured place, to which no being 
can gain access. How then should any one of miuikind gain access 
to it, unless what is impossible be ordained, and Ciod have pre- 
determined like as the astrologers have said 't How can one of 
mankind gain access to this ?^But he replied. Perhaps one of them 
may have upon his finger the se«l-ring of Suleyiiuin the son of 
Duood (on both of whom be peace !}, and he may come hither, and 
put his hand with this seal-ring upon the face of the water, and say, 
By virtue of these names, let the soul of such-a-one come up! 







AND IfEDlCKA r.r^JEMAI. 



at.'* 



Thcrpupon tlic coffer will come up, ami he will break it. oml lliu 
chcsu ill like tnaiincr, fuid ihc small boxes ; and th« iparruw will 
coine forth from the little box, and he will strangle it, mid 1 shall 
die. 

So thereupon Scyf cl-Mulook said. Thai Kind's son is myvelf, 
nitd this iit ihc ring of Sulcyinan the §oii of Daood (on both of 
whom be peace !) upon my finger. Arise then tind come wiili ua to 
the shore of this sea, that we iwiy *ee whether tliese his words be 
false or true. — The two, therefore, aroite and walked on until they 
rarae to the sea, when Dolet Khitoon stood upon the st-a-slion!, 
and Seyf el-Mulook entered the vratet to his waiat. and said, Hy 
virtue of the names »nd tidiiimini!! that are ui>on this seal-ring, and 
by llie influence of SuleymAn (on whom be peace 1), let the soul of 
such-B<«nc, (he son of the Blue King, the Jinnee, come forth ! 
And immediately ilii: sea became agitated, and the coffer came up. 
So Seyf el-Muluok took it, mid struck it against tlie rock, and 
broke it, and he broke tlie chests and the small boxes, and took 
forth the sparrow from the little box. They then returned to the 
palace, and ascended the couch ; and lo, a horrible dust arose, and 
a huge thing came flying and saying, Sparc me, O son of the King, 
and slay inv not, but make nie thy emancipated slave, and 1 will 
cause thee lo attain thy desire. But Dolet Kliatuon said to liim. 
The Jinnee lialh comv: therefore kill the spiirrow, lest this 
ftcciitsed wretch enter die palace, and take the sparrow from ihoe, 
and sloy thee, and slay me after thee. So upon this he strangled 
the sp.^rrow, and it died, and the Jiimec fell upon the ground, m 
heap of black ashes. 

Then Ilolet KbAtoon said, Wo have escaped from the hand of 
this accursed wretch, and how shall we now act? Seyf et-Mulook 
answered, We must seek aid of (iod {whose name bo exalted !}, 
who hath afHictcd us ; for lie will order our affair, aJid will aid us 
lo elTecl our deliverance from our present state. And he arose and 
pulled off, of the doors of the puUce, about ten doors. These were 
of saudjil-wood and nloe»-wood, and their nails were of gold and 
silver. And he took some ropes which were there, of common silk 
and floss-silk, and bound the doors together ; after which, he and 
Di>let Khatoon heliied ejich other so that they conveyed them to 
the aeaaiul cast them into ii ; they having become a rafk;" and (liey 
t-ou Ml. 3 r 



S46 



THE STonV OP SEVP EI/-MULO0K, tc 



tied il to tbc tliore. Tlxej tlien retumed to tlie palace, and carried 
off tha diiiliea of ^old a)i<l silver, and Ukeni&e the jeueU and jacinths 
tind piecioua mineruln. Tliej transported all that was in the palacv 
of such ihii)^ lis were light to cnrrj' and of high price, and put 
ihuiii upon tliiit rnft, and lliey cnibarkud upon i(, placing ttivir 
reliance upon God (whotue name be exalted !), who satiKfiethr and 
doth not disappoint, him who relieth upon Him. Thcj also mado 
for ihemsclvfs two i)ieccs of wood )ut oars ; and tliejr looM-(i the 
ropes, and let the raft take its course with tlvem over tiie Kea. 
Tlie^ ceased not to proceed iji this manner for a period of four 
montlta, until their pronsions were cxhauat^'d, and their affliction 
became violent, and tlieir spiriU were op]ir<-»icd : »o tlicy begged 
of God to grunt theni il(rlivi.'nince from the xt^lc in which they 
were. Seyf eUMulook, during the course of their voyage, used, 
when he slept, to put Dolct Khatoon behind his back ; and when 
he turned over, tiic awurd wa» between llieni." And while tJicy 
were in tliiii atate, one ni){ht, it happened that Seyf el-I^lulook was 
ftslccp, and Dolet Khatoon nwjdvc, and lo, the raft inclined (o the 
shore, and cainc to a harbour in which were ihips. So Dolct 
Khiitoon saw the Hhip», and xlie heard a man talking witli the 
milont. Mid tlie man who vna talking was the chief captain. There- 
fore when she heanl the voice of the captain, she knew that this 
Mus tliB h.irbour of koitic city, and tliac they had arrived at the 
habitatiuna of men ; and s!ie rejoiced greatly, and. having roused 
Seyf cl-Mulook from bis sleep, she mid to liini. Arise and ask this 
captain respecting the name of this city, and respecting lliis 
harbour. And thereupon, Seyf el-Mulook arosct joyful, and said to 
Ltni, O my brother, what is the name of tliis city, and what is this 
liarbour called, and what is the name of its King ? But tJie captain 
replied, O lying-lace<l!" O nilly-bcurdcd ! if thou know not this 
liarbour nor this city, how ctuiiest lh«u hither? Seyf eUMulook 
Sttid, I am a stranger, and I was in a vessel, one of tlie merchant- 
vessels, and it wa« wrecked, and sank ^vith all that was in it ; but I 
got npjn a plank, and have arrived here, and I asked tliee a 
question, which Is not disgraceful. So the ciiptaln siud. This is the 
city called 'Emarccych, and this harbour is called tlio harbour 
Kvmcrn el-Bahreyn." 

Now when Dolvt Khuluun heard tliesc words, iilie rejoiced 




ifxajedingly, and gaid, Praise be to God ! So S^yf eUMulook »aid, 
\\T»at it the news ? And she niwwerxtd, O Seyf d-MuIook, rejoice 
nt the announcement of upecdj- relief; for tlie King of this city is 
my uncle, the brother of my fat]ier, and his name i* 'A'kv el-Mti- 
look." Then she said to him, Ask hJin, and x\y to him. Is the 
Sultan of this city, 'A'lec el-MuIook, wpU? lie therefore asked 
him ihat quealioii ; and ihr capuin, enraged at liini, replied, Tliou 
aayesl. In my life I never came hither ; but am a stranger : — who 
then acquainted ihce with the name of the lord of tliis city T — And 
Ddlet Khtitoon was gXai, and ahc knew tlie captain : his name was 
Mo'ecn ed-Di-i-n," and he wa» one of her father's captiuns: he had 
come forth to search for her, when she w«* lo*t, and found her not, 
and he ceased not to search about until he came to the city of her 
ancle. Tiicn she said to Seyf cI'Muh)ok, Say to him, O captain 
Mo'een ed-Deen, come and answer the summons of thy mistress. 
S« he called to him in the words which she had said ; and when the 
captain heard his words, he wu violently enraged, and said to 
him, O dog, who art thou, and huw kneweat thou me ? And lie 
said to K>me of the sailont. Hand me a staff of shoom," that I may 
go to this unlucky fellow and break his head. He then took tliu 
stafT, and went towards Svyf eUMulook ; and lie saw the rail, and 
saw upon it an object wonderful and l>eautiful, whereat his nund 



rmt 



THE STOSV OF SF.TP EL-MULOUK 



wos amazed ; and lookijig, and taking a sure view, he hcti4:I<l )>ul«t 
Khntoon nttiaf;, like a piece of the moon. He Uierefore atuA, 
What t* will) thcvf And Se^f el-Mulook nnsweml him, ^Vith me 
M a iLuntel tunofj Dolet Khaloon. And when Uie captain heard 
thcae words be (cl) down in a &t, on his hearing her nainc, and 
knowing that she was his mistress and (he dauj^htcr of his KJng. 
Then, as mxid aa he rccin'ered, he left the raft with what was upoil 
It, and repaired la the citj, went up to the palace of the King, and 
asked pennisaion to go in to htm. So llic chamberlain went in to 
die King, and said. The captain Mo'ccn haU) come to thee to give 
thee good new. Whrrefurv be ^ve him permisiuon to enter, and 
be went in lo the King, and kissed the ground before him, and said 
to him, O King, thou haat to give a present for good news; for lh« 
daiif;htcr of thy brother, Dolct Khatoon, hath arrived at the city, 
in good Iiealtli and ]>rospcTity, and she is u{>on a ral^ accompanied 
hy a young inan like tlie ntoon in the night of its fulucxit. And 
when the King heard the tidings of the dat^ter of his brother, he 
rejoiced, and eonfurred a sumptuous robe of honour upon the 
captain. Ue ordt-rcd nUo immediately tlint they should decorate 
the dty for tlie safety of tlie daughter of hin broUicr, and sent lo 
her and catiM-tl her to be brought to him, together with Scyf kU 
Mtilook, and saluted them, and congratulated them on their safety. 
He then sent to his brother to inform liini that his daughter had 
been found and that she was with him ; and when the messenger 
cnmc to him, he prepared himself, and the troops aiuembled, and 
'I'lij el-Midook, the &ther of Dolet KJt&toon, ael forth, and pro- 
ceede<l until he came to bis brother "A'lce el-Mu!oot, wbon he met 
liis dal^;hler, and they rejoiced exceedingly. 

Taj cl-^[ulook remained vfith hia brother a w<'ck ; after which 
he took his daughter, and likewise Seyf el-Mulook, and they pro- 
ceeded until tliey came lo Sarandeeb, her father's country-, when 
Dolet Khitoon met her mother, and they rejoiced at her safety, 
and celebrated festivities; and it was a great day, the like of which 
is not seen. As to iht: King, he treated Scj'f el-Mulouk with 
honour, and said to him, O Seyf eI-MuliK>k, thou ba«t done unto 
inc and my daughter all this benefit, and I iini not able to requite 
thee for it, nor can any one requite thee save the Lord of all crea- 
lurm : but I desire of thee that thou sit upon the tlironc in my 
]>tace, an<I govern in the land of India; fur 1 have ^ven to tltce 



Mil) BKUEKA KUJEMA'L. 



3W 



my Icin^om nnd my throne and my treasures nnd my scn'ants, and 
nil tliix is a present fruni me unto tlic'e. f)» tkerciUpun Seyf vl- 
Mtilodk arose and kissed the ground before the King, and thanked 
him, and itaid unto him, O King of the age, 1 havo accepted all 
that thou hnst given to me, nnd it is returned from me unto thee as 
■ present also; for I, O King of the age, desire not kingdom nor 
empire, nor desire I aught hut that God (whose name be exalted !) 
may cause me to attain my desire. The King then snld to him. 
These my treasures are at thy disposal, O Seyf el-Muluuk: whtit- 
aoever tliou desire of them, take it, and consult me not respecting 
it, and may God recompense thee for me with everything good I 
But Scyf cl-Mulook replied, May God strengthen the King! 
There is no delight for me in sovereignty nor in wealth until I 
attain my wish ; but I desire now to divert myself in this eity, and 
to see its great thoroughfarr-slrecta and its markets. — So Taj el- 
Mulook ordered tliot (licy sliould bring lum a horse of excellent 
breed ; and accordingly they brought liim n horse saddled and 
bridled, of excellent breed, and he momited it, aud went forth into 
the nuirket, and rode through the great tlioroughfare -streets of the 
city. And white lie was looking to the right nnd left, he saw a 
young man, with a tunic, crying it at the price of fifteen pieces of 
gold ; and, looking attentively at him, he found him to resemble 
his brother Saed; and in trutJi, he wus Sued himself; but his 
complexion and coniUtion wvre changed by prolracted estrange- 
ment niid the difficulties of travel ; so he did not know him. He 
then said to lliose who were around him, Bring this young man, 
that I may interrogate him. And tliey brought him to hijn, and 
lie said, Take him and convey him to the palace in which I am 
staying, and let him remain with you until I return fnmi diverting 
myself. But they imagined that he said to them. Take him and 
convey him to the priaou. And they said. Perhaps this is one of 
his iiicmlouks, who hath fled from him. 

Acconlingly they took him and conveyed him to the prison, and 
shackled him, and left litm sitting there. Then Seyf el-Mulo<A 
returned from diverting himself, and went up into the pulrre; but 
he forgot his brother Sa'ed, and no one mentioned him to him. So 
Sa'i'd remained in the prison ; imd when they went tiirlli with the 
prisoners to employ tliem in constructions and repairs and similar 



350 



THE STORY (IF SliYF EL-MULOOK 



works, tlit^y took SA'eA with Ui<}ni, vvi lie worked willi tlie prison- 
ers, aud dirt increased upou him. He remained ia tliis sl&to for 
die space of a month, rcflcctinf; upon his dreuntstaiiccs, and ^lyin)^ 
within hitneclf, What is tht- ctuisc of my imiirisonmeiil ? Aiid Seyf 
cUMuIook Wiui <K-cupiMl )>y his joys and other thin^. But it 
lutppL'iied lliat lie was sitting one day, and remembered his brother 
Sa'ed ; &o he said to the niemlooks wlio were with hiin, Wh«ic i) 
the mcmlook who was with ynu on such a day. I1icy replied, 
Didst thou not say to us. Convey him to the prison ? He said, I 
did not say to you thexe words ; but I said to you. Convey him to 
the palace In which I am staying. Then he sent the ehaniberlains 
to Sa'ed : so ihey brought him to him, shackled ; and they loosed 
him from his shackles, and itI»tioii<^d htm before Sevf eUMuloolc, 
who said to him, O young man, from what country art thou? And 
he answered him, I am from Eg)-pt, and my name is Sa'ed, the son 
of the Wezeer Fiiris. When Seyf cl-MuIook, tlierefon;, heard his 
words, he arose from thct throne, threw IiimM-lf upon him, and 
clung to his neck ; and by reason of his joy, he wept violently, and 
he said, O ray brotlicr, O Sa'ed, praise be to God that tliou art 
living, and that I have seen thee ; for I mn thy brother Seyf et- 
Mulook, tlie son of the King 'A'^un. So when Sa'ed heard tlie 
word* of his brother, aud knew hiin, they embraced one another, 
and wt^pt togetht^r ; and the pemons who were pn-Ment wondered at 
them. Then Seyf el-Mulook ordered that they should take Sn'cd 
and conduct him to the bath. Accordingly they conducted him 
thither; ;md on his euming forth from the bath, they clad him tn 
sumptuous uppurel, mid brought him back to the chamber of Seyf 
el'MuIook, who seated him with him on the throne. And when 
Taj cl-Mulook knew of this, he rejoiced greatly at the meeting of 
Seyf cl-Mulook witli his brother Sd'cd; and he came, and [he three 
nt conventing upon tJie events that hod happened to them from 
lirst to last. 

Then Su'cd s.iid, O my hrother, O Seyf eUMulook, when the 
ship was submerged and th<: memlooks ntso were submerged, 1 and 
a party of the memlooks got upon a {>lank, and it proceeded witli 
us over the sea for a period of u whole month j »Aer which, the 
wind cost us, by tlic <iceree of God (whose name be exalted I), upon 
on island. So we huidvd upon it; and we were hungry; wherefore 



AND BEDEEA EL JEMAt. 



351 




ve went in nmaiiif the 
trees, Riid ale of ihv 
fruiu, and were busied 
with catin;; ; and wc were 
not nwarc when thore 
ciiRvc fortli upon uh people 
like 'Efreets, who sprang 
upwi us, and mounted 
upon our sliouldcrs, say- 
ing to us, Go on with urj 
for yc have bt-cuine our 
asses, I therefore aaid 
to him who hiid mounted 
mc, What art ihuu, and 
why hast thou mounted 
mc? And when he heard 
from mc these words, he 
u'otind his leg round my 
neck in such a manner 
that 1 nearly died, and he 
beat mc upon my back with his other leg so that 1 thought 
he had broken my back. 1 then fell upon iho ground, on my 
face, and no strength remained in me by reason of my hunger 
and thirjit. So when I fell, he knew ihnt I was hungry, and, 
taking me by my hand, lie brought mc to « tree abounding with 
fruit, and it was a pear-tree ; and he said to mc, Eat from this 
tree imtil thuu art satiated. 1 therefore ate from that tree until 1 
was Mtiatcd, and I arose to walk, without desiring to do so; but I 
had not gone more than a little way before tliat person turned back 
and mounted again upon my .shoulders. A uhile I walked, and 
a while I ran, and a while I trotted ; and he, riding upon mc, 
Eaughcd, and said. In my life I have never seen an ass like tlice. 

Now it happened that we gathered .'<ome bunches of grapes one 
day, and put them into a trench, and trod them with our ft^ct, and 
that trench became a great pool. Then we wjiited some time, and, 
coining again to the trench, we found that the sun had heated that 
juice, and that it had become wine. So after that, wc used to drink 
of it, and intoxicate ourselves, and our faces became red, and wc 



.jt:.j?*^v:>-. 



k 



AND BEUEKA EL-JEMA'L. 



SfiS 



We tberoriHv pmisccl God (whoso name be exalted!) wdo liad 
nved us from ihem, and, gottig forth fruin itit; mid«t of that islaud, 
we sought the shore of the sea. Then we parted, one from nitothcr. 
But as to mc and twu of the mcmlooks, wc walked until we came 
to a great wood, abounding witli trues, where we buxied ourselves 
witli eating. And lo, a person of tall stature, with a long beard, 
with long cars, and witli two cjcs like two cressets, before whom 
were DiaDir sheep which Ue vas tcndinj^, and with him was a party 
of persons like hiin.-K:lf. And when he siiw us, he ngoiccd at our 
coming, and wm ghid; and he welcomed us, saying, A friendly and 
free welcome ! Come to my abode, that I may slaughter for you 
one of these sheep, and roost it, and feed you. — So wc said to him, 
And where is thy place ? And he answered, Near to this moun- 
tain : go ye tlien in this direction until ye sec a cove, which enter 
ye i for in it are many guests like you. Go and sit with tliem until 
wc prepare for you the entertainment. — And wc felt sure that liis 
words were truCt and went in that direction, and entered that rave ; 
but we Kaw Uie guesix that were in it all of tliem blind ; and when 
we went in b> ihein, one of them said, I am sick : — and anotlier said, 
I am infirm. So we said to them, ^Vllat are these words chat ye 
utter ? What is the cause of your infirmity aud your disease t — And 
they asked us, saying, Who are ye ? We aiwwen-d them, Wc am 
guests. And tliey said to us, Wliat halh ibroui) vou into the 
hand of this accursed wretch ? There is no strength nor power 
but in God, the High, Uu: Great ! This is a Ghool, that coteth 
the sons of Adam, anil he hath blinded ui, aud dcsireth to eat us.— 
We tlterefore said to them, IIow hath this Ghool blinded youf 
Thfiy replied. Verily forthwith he will blind you like us. — But 
bow, said we, will he blind us? They ooswcrcd us, lie will bring 
you cu|» of milk, and will say to you, Ye an? wejiried by your 
journey: iliervfore take tliis milk, and drink of it. And when ye 
drink of it, ye will become like us. — So I said within myself. There 
rcmaincth for us no escape save by stmtagem. And 1 dug a hole 
in the groimd, and sot over it. Then, alter a while, the accursed 
Ghool came in to us, bringing cups of milk, and he handed to me a 
cup, and handed a cup to each of those who were with me, saying 
to us. Ye havi; come from the desert thirsty ; therefore take this 
milk, and drink of it, while 1 roast for you the meat- Now as to 

VAL. III. 2 t 



854 



TilE Sl-ORY OP 8EYP EI--HULOOK, tc. 



myself, I took the cup. luid piil it near to my mouth, and emptied 
it into the hole; after tvhioli 1 cried out, Ab! my right is gone, 
and I hiivc ht'comf Idind ! And I held aiy cyc» wit3i my hand, «nd 
began to weep and cry out, wliile he hiuglicd, and said. Fear not. 
But as to the two who were my companions, tliey drank the milk, 
and became blind. And thereupon tlie accursed arose immediately, 
and, Itaving closed the entrance of the eave, drew now to me, and 
felt my ribs, mid lie found mc lean, having no mcol ujion iiie; where- 
fore he felt anutiier, aiiil lie Kavt tliat he was Eat, and rejoiced tliereiiL 
He theuKlaugbtered three eheep, and skinned them, and he brought 
some spits of iron, upon which he put llio flexh of the sheep, and 
be put them over a fire, and roasted the meat; after which he 
brought it to my two companions, who ate, and he au^ with them. 
lie next brought a leathern Imttlc full of wine, and drank it, and 
laid himsolfduwn upon hi* face luid snored. 

So upon liiis I said witliin mj'aelf, Verily lie ia immersed io 
sleep, and bow ghiiU 1 slay him? Theu I remembered the spits; 
and I look two of them, and put tlicm into the Bre, and waited 
until they had beeome like red-liul eoals ; whereupon I girded 
myself, and, having risen upon my feel, look the two iron spits in 
my hand, and drew near to the accursed, and thrust them uito bix 
eyes, pressing upon tliem with all my strength. So by reason of 
the swi-etnesn of life lie ruste erect upon his feet and desired to lay 
bold upon me, after he had become blind. But I Red from him 
iuto the inner part of the cave, while he pursued ine ; and I said to 
the blind in<-n who were with bini, What is to be done with 
(■lis accursed t Upon wlucb one of them said, O Sa'ed, arise and 
ascend to this aperture : thon wilt find in it a polished swcHrd ; and 
do tliuu take it, and come to me, thtit I may tell tliee what thou 
shall do. Accordingly I ascended to the aperture, and took tlie 
sword, and carae to that man ; and be said to me, Take it, and 
smite liim upou his waist, and he will die instantly. I therefore 
uroite and mn after him, and be was tired with running, and he 
came to the blind men to kill them : so I came to him, and smote 
liira with tlie sword upon liis waist, and he became divided in 
twain ; upon which ho cried out to mc, saying, O man. since thou 
desirrat my shiughtcr, smite me a second time. Wherefore I 
resolved to smile him n second time; but he wbo diri-ctcd mc to 




*^ r^'i^'^ \ ^ 



the sword said, Smite hii» not a second time ; for in that case lie 
will Dot die, but will tivo, ami will destroy us. So I complied witli 
tlic direction of that mnn, and siuotc liim not; nnd the accimod 
died. The man then said to me. Arise; open the cave, and let ws 
go fortli from it. Porliapx God will aid us, and we shall be »afe 
from this place, — But I replied. No hami remaineib for us. We 
will nthcr rest, and slau^^hter some of these «hccp, and drttd: 
ortliiswinc; for the Innd is far-extending. — And we remained in 
this place for n. period of two months, eating of tliesc sheep and of 
tbo fruits. 

After this, it happened that we were sitting upon the shore of 
the sea, one day, and I saw a large ship appearing upon the sea in 
the distance : to we miule a sign 1» the persons on bonrd »f it, and 
c-iUed out to them. But they feared that Ghool; for they knew 
that upon this island was a Ghool that ntc human beings; where- 
fore tliey desired to escape." We however made signs to thorn 
with the ends of our turbans, and drew nearer to tbeni, nnd ]>ro- 
cccdcd to call out to them ; and thereupon one of the pitsxengers, 
who was shiirp'sigbted, said, O company of passengers, verily I sec 



SB& 



TIIK STORY Of SEYF ELMULOOK 



tliL'sc indistinct objecU to be human beingti like us, and tlicy liavc 
not the form of GhooU. Then they came towards us b; htllo and 
liltic until they drew near to us; and when they were convinoed 
tliat we were human beings, they saluted us, oud wc returned tlieir 
salulatioHi and gave them the good news of tJic slaughter of the 
accuned Ghool ; whereupon they thanked us. We then provided 
ourselTCa from the island with some of the fruits that were upon it, 
and embarked on board the ahip, and it bore us along with a fair 
wind for the apace of three day*. But aiUir that, a wind arose 
against ii$, and the darkneKS of the nky became excessive, and not 
moro than one hour liad elapsed when tlu- wind bore tlie ship to a 
mountain, and it was wrecked, and ila planks were rent asunder." 
However, God tlie Great decreed that 1 should lay hold of on« of 
ilN planks, and I got upon il, and it bore me along for two da^-s. 
A fair wind had then conic, and I, silting upon tlie plank, proceeded 
to row with my feet for some time, until God (who»; name bo 
exalted !) caiisc^d nic to reach ihu shore in imfety, and I landed 
at this city. But 1 had become a atranger, alone, solitary, not 
knowing what to do, and hunger had tormented me, and extreme 
trouble had befallen me. I ihorefore came to the market of tlie 
city, after I had hidden myself mid pulled off this tunic, Ntyiitg 
witliin myiteir, 1 will sell it, and suslaiii myself with ita price until 
Gml shall accomplish what He will accomplish. Then, O my 
brother, I took the tunic in my hand, and the people were looking 
nt it, and bidding up for its price, until thou camest aiul saweat 
me, and gavest orders to convey me lu the palace ; whereupon the 
young men took me and imprisoned me ; and aflcr this period tliou 
remt^inberedst mc, and cnusedst me to be brought to thee. Thus 1 
have acquainted tln-e with the invent* tluit have ha])pened to mc ; 
and praise be to God for the meeting 1 

And when Seyf el-MuIook and T^j eUMuIouk the (iitlicr of 
Dolet Khatmjn heard the storv of the Wezecr Sa"ed, thev wondered 
at it greatly, 'i'llj el-Mulook had prepared a plensnnt pUce for 
Seyf eUMulook and his brother Saed; and l>6!et Kbiitoon used to 
come to Seyf el-MuIook, and to thank him, and converse with him 
rcapecting his kind conduct, 'riien the Wezcer Sii'ed said, O 
Qiiecn, I deair« thine aid Co accomphsb his wish. And she repliv<). 
Yes; I will exert myself iu his favour so that he sliall attain his 



AND BBDBEA BWSMA'I.. 



357 



sh, if tl he tite will at God, wli 



bo oxulu-tl ! An<l 



name bo oxui 

looking tftwarJa Spjf L-l-\[uIook, she said to liim, Be of pood licart, 
and cheerful eye. — ^Tlius was the cmc of Scyf cl-Mulook and his 
Wcw^tT Sii'ctl. And now, att to iht* Qiiooii Hedced ol-Jemiil, 
informittiun was brought to her of the return of her sister Dolot 
Khatoon to her father and her country ; and she said, 1 must viitit 
her and saluUi her in beautiful trim and ornaments and apparel. 
S« she repaired to her ; and when she di-ew near to her abode, the 
Queen Dolet Khatoon met her, and saluted her and embraced her, 
and kissed her between her eyes; and llie Queen Bcdfieii cl-.Iemal 
cmigrntulatcd her on her safely. Then they sat converainK, and 
Bedeedi cl.Jenit'iI said to Dulcl KhiUoon, What happened to thco 
during thine absence from tliy country? — O my sister, replied 
Dolct Khatoon, ask me not respecting the things that befell mc. 
Oh, what difliculties do human creatures endure! — And how so? 
aitkc<t Hedecii el-JeinuI. She answered, O my sister, I wiis in the 
Ij>fly J'aliwc, and in it the son of the Blue King had possession of 
mc. .■Vnd she related to her the rest of the slory from first to last, 
and the atory of Seyf el-Mnlouk, and what happened to him in the 
palace, and the ditiicultics and horrors that he had endured until he 
came to the Lof^y Palace: also how he had killed ttie son of the 
Blue King, and hnw he had pulled off the doors, and made them 
into a raft, and made for it oam; and how he came hither; whereat 
BedceS el-Jcmiil wondered. Then she said. By Allnli, O my sister, 
verily this was one of the most extraordinary of wonderful cases, 
and I desire to acquaint thee with the origin of his tale ; but bash- 
fulness preventeth my doing so. Bedcen el-Jemal therefore said to 
her, ^^^lat is the cause of thy baahfulness, when thou art my sister 
and my comptmion, and wo have much between us, ami I know that 
Ihoti desiresl not for me aught save what is good ? Wherefore then 
shouldst thou be aU-mhed at me ? Acquaint me with that which 
thou hast to say, and be not abashed at mc, nor conceal from mo 
aught of the matter. 

So Uolel Khatoon replied. Verily he saw thy portrait on the 
tunic which thy father sent to Sulej-niAn the son of Oaood, on both 
of wliom bo peace ! Suleyman opened it not, nor aaw what wan on 
it, hut sent it to the King 'A'sim the son of Safwan, the King of 
Egypt, among otlier presents and rarities which he sent to him ; 



358 



THE STORY OF 3EYF GI^MULOOK 



•ltd the King 'A'*)") gs^c it to his son Scyt cl-Mulook before h*.- 
opened iL And when &ey{ el-Mulook took it, lie opemxl it, 
desiriog to put it on hinuelf, sod be saw on it thj portrait, And 
beoune cnsmfiiirr*! of it ; wherefore he came forth to »eok thee, 
and he endured all these difficulties on thine aceounL — But Bi^leci 
cUJcmal said (and her face bad become red, and she was abashed 
at I)61ct Klutooii), Verily tliis ix a thing tliat enn never l>e ; for 
mankind agree not with the Jan. So DoUt Khatoon proceeded to 
describe to her Scyf cl-Mulook, and the excellence of his form and 
his conduct and hiit hontrmanjihip ; and she ceased not to pnu«c him 
and to mention to her his qualities until she said, O my sister, for 
the sake of God (whose name be exalted !) and for my sake, come 
fend converse nitb him, though thou qieak but a single word. But 
Bcdee2 el-Jemil replied, Verily these words that thou uttcrcst 1 
will not hear, nor will f yield to t!iy wish expressed in tliem. And 
she seemed its tliougli she heard not of them aught, and as though 
no love for Seyf eUMulook and the excellence of bis form and his 
conduct and his horaemanship entered her be«rt. Then D61et 
Khatoon humbled herself to her, and kissed her feet, and said, O 
Bedeca el-Jcmal, by tbc milk that we have sucked, 1 snd thou, and 
by the characters engraved upon the seal of Suleymiin (on whom 
be peace !), hear these my wonltt ; for 1 pledged myself to him in 
the I<ofty Palace that I would shew Jiim thy face. I conjure thee 
then by Allah to sliew him thy form once, for my sake, and that 
thou also see him. — And she proceeded to wccp to her, and to 
humble herself to lier, and to kim her handx and her feet, until site 
consented, and said, For thy sake I will shew him my &ce once. 

Upon tliis, therefore, the heart of D61et Khatoon was com- 
forted. She kissed ht^r IhuhU .-tiid her feet, and went forth, and 
cajne to the largest palace, whieli was t» the gar<len ; and she 
ordered the female slaves to spread Uic furniture in it, to set in it a 
couch of gold, and to place the wine-vessels in order. Sho then 
arose and went in to Seyf el-Mulo»k nnd Sii'i'il his Wem!er, who 
were sitting in their place, aD<l gave to St-yf el-Mulook tbi- good 
news of the sttaimnent of his desire, and the accomplishment of his 
wish; and she said to Iiim, Repair to the garden, thou and thy 
brother, and eiiurr tlie |>alnc«>, and conceal yourselves from the eyes 
of tltc people, so tliat no one of those who are in tlic palace may 



AND BEUEEA EL-JEM.Vt. 



S69 



see you, nnlii I and Be<le«u el-Jemal comt^. Su Svyf el-Mulook 
and S«ed arose, and repaired to tlic place to which Dolct Khatoon 
had directed th<Tni ; aiul wheti ihey entered it, tliejr nw n couch of 
gold >ct, with the cualiiona upon it, and there were viands and wine. 
Aj>d ihey sat a while. Then Scjf cI-MuIook thought upon his 
l>eloved, and his bosom llwrcupon became contracted, and love and 
dc&ire assailed him : he therefore arww and wiilk«d on until he went 
fortl) from the entrance- passage of the palace. His brother SA'ed 
followed him ; hut he said to him, O my brother, ut thou in tb; 
place, and follow mc not, until I return to thee. So Sa'cd sat, and 
Sejf cl-Mulook desci'uded and tillered the garden, intoxicated by 
die wiiie of desire, perplexed by excess of passion and distraction ; 
tore hod agitated him, and ecstasy had overcome him, and he 
recited these veisea t— 

B*d««il «)-JnniU, I bnvc aaae bcdilc thee: bare mere; on me then; lor I 

am Uic caplivc oflliy luvc ! 
TlMa art tbe object of nijr Marcli, uid my imire aud my jny. My lieiitt liulh 

lefiiMd to low uiiy b«ti(l(! (Iicr. 
WomU I ««r« iiifoniii't) if tbou kncwcst of my vrqiiiij all Uic nJgLt lon^ 

vilh iltrpleu eyelid. 





360 



THE STORV OP SEVF F.UMVLOOK 



CaHWwnd ilccp lo (cjourn in mj cTrlid, ud llicii pvriiapa I *iud) bcboU tha* 

In A ibMin. 
Bt finMinUe to on* who ii dittncud hj Ion. S*r« liina rrom iIm deunKliTT 

rilVcti of ihy cnidty. 
Mbj- God atenaat Ay facwitj ■ad tli]r lnffiBwi, Mid may all tkine cncmici 

be a tactifice Tor thee I 
The loven thall b* ran^e^ on lb* day of T«nmctiaa, bcnaaih lay bmis, 

•nd ell lb* b ia n ii w beneath thine. 

Then he vcpt agniii, nnd recited other vcrsca; and thtu be con- 
tinued to do, now weeping, uid now reciting, till Sa'cd, thinleing 
him xlow to retuni, went forth fnini tlic pDtlacv to >earch for him in 
the garden, and saw bim walking there, perplexed, and reeiting 
Venn. Thereupon Scyf el-Mulook and Si'cd his brother met, 
Hud ihev proceeded to divert thenisclm in the garden, at>d to Mt 
of tlte fruitit. 

Hut as to Dolel Khatoon, when she and Bedeei el-Jemal came 
lo tJie palace, they entered it, after the eimucha bad decorated it 
with raricties of ornaments, aitd done in it all tlial Dolct Khatoon 
bsd ordered them, luiving prepared for Bcdcen cl-Jemal a couch of 
gold that slic might sit upon iL So when Hcdceu eMemil law 
tliai couch, she seated herself upon it ; and there was by her ^e a 
window overlooking tbc garden. The eunuchs had brought varietie:t 
of exquisite viands, nnd Bedccn cl-Jemal and Dolct Kh&toon ale. 
the latter putting moiseU into the nioutli of the former until she 
was satisfied; when she called for rarioui sweetmeats, and the 
cunuclu brought tliem, and the two ladies ate of them as much as 
sudiced tbcm, and washed their hands. Next, Dolet Khitoon 
prepared the wine and the wine-Tcsselit, arranged the ewers and the 
cups, nnd proceeded to fill and to band to Iledcei el-Jeual ; after 
which she filled tbc cup and drank. Then BcdceJL el-Jemal looked 
from the window llut was hj' her side into that garden, and saw 
its fruits and branches; and happening to tum Iter eircs in the 
direction of Seyf cl-MuIook, she beheld him wandering about in 
the garden, with tlic Wczecr Sa'cd behind hitn, and beard Seyf el- 
Mulook reciting yenes, while lie poured forth copious tears ; and 
whcu she beheld hiro, the sight occasioned her a thousand sighs. 
She therefore looked towards Dolet Khatoon (and the wine ba<l 
made sport witli Iter aiTcctions), and she said to her, O my sister, 
who is tiiis jroung man that 1 m« in tlte garden, perplexed, di»-' 



; 



AND BEDEKA EL-JEMA'L. 



dCl 



rnKt<.-<!, in«]anchi>Ij', slxhiiifr ? So Doli^t K1iiUo»n said U> her. Wilt 
thou permit bis presence wilii tis (liat we may .tee hint ? Siie 
answered, If thou cBu§t bring litm, da so. And upon this, D6let 
Khotoon called him, saying to him, O son of the King, come up to 
us, aiid iiiipmiicii u» with ihy beauty and loveliness. WhtTcforc 
Seyt ei-Mult)ok, knowing thc^ voicu of Dolct Kh;ilooii, wont up 
into the palace ; and when his eye fell upon DedeeJi el-Jemfil, he fell 
jilUvrn in u fit: so Dolet Khntoon sprinkled uiton him n little rose- 
Water, and he recovered from hii^ fit. He then arose, and kissed 
the ground before Bedeca cl-Jenn\l, who was confounded by his 
beauty and loveliness ; and Dolet Khatoon said, Know, O Queen, 
ifalt (his h Seyf i-l-MuI<»ok, through whose nivans my deliverance 
muralected, by the decree of (Jod (whose name be exalted!), and 
be is the person whom all kinds of ditfieulties have befallen on 
thine account ; wherefore 1 desire tlist thou regard him favourably. 
Upon this, Bedeea el-Jemill, after Inughiii)^, naid, And who fulfilleth 
TOWS, that this young man should fulfil them ? For mankind are 
destitute of afTcvtion. — So Scyf el-Mulook replied, O Qut«n, verily 
faithlessness will m-ver be.- in me; and nil people are not alike. 
And he wept before her, and recited these verset: — 

O BcdccS el' Jrnii], htj (iropltluui lo onr sorrowful, wom and oiBictcd by an 

tncbniiliiiji, crud cjt!" 
By tlic bcaiitcoiii cobiin combined in thy check*, the white and deep red 

liltc Ihiit of the .tncniMie, 
Punkh not with ub»iiduiiiiieiit oiiu in carislunt iiutlt-ring; for my body la 

KMlicig ihruii^li ])rcitrnclcd cjlning^nionl '. 
This is my wiih, nnd ilin iitmoit that 1 hope for ; uid union is my drsin*, il 

(hit bo poaiblc. 

Then he wept violently, and recited other verses ; and when he 
bad ended ihein, lie wejil a^ain violently; wliereujmn Ucdeeii el- 
Jemul said to him, O son of the King, verily I fear to give myself 
up to tiiee entirely, lest I should not experience from thee affection 
nor love ; for oflen the good qualities uf mankind are found to be 
few, and their perfidy is great. And know llial the lord Suleyman 
tile son of Diiood (on botli of whom be peace!) took Balkecs** 
lovingly; and when he saw another more beautiful tlian she, he 
turned from her to that other person. — But Seyf cl-Mnhwk replied, 
O my eye and my soul, Oud hath not created ail mankind alike, 

V04. III. 3 .1 



THE STORY Of SETP EL-HULOOK. *c 



Md I, if it be tbe wiQ of God. inR fulfil my row, a4»d will <Ue 
bmeatii thy lett. Than ihali *ee what 1 will ilo agree*blT with 
tlut whicb I BBT, and on God 1 depend for my doii^ at I my. — So 
upon thk, Btd&eA d Jemil aud to him, Sit, and be a( raer, and 
awettr to bk fay thr retifipon, and If t ds oovcnaot with rach other, 
that nejiher of us will be tremAaoa* to the other ; and ma; God 
(whoae Dune be exalted!) execute Tcugeanee on the one who i> 
Ueadwnos to iha other I And when Sejf eUMulook hnrd froiR 
her ibcte words, be «t ; and, with the hand of each in tiic band of 
the other, they swore that neither of them would prcler to the 
other any penoa, whether of mankind or of the Jiun. Tbcn they 
remained a while embradi^ one anocber, and weeping by reason of 
the Tiolence of their joy. And after Bcdceii cl-Jemil and Seyf 
el-HuIook had swoni, each to the other. Seyf el-Mulook arose to 
walk, and Bedeca cI-Jcoio] anwe also to walk, attended by a alav^ 
girl canyinj; some food, and carrying tikewiae a bottle fiill of wine. 
And Bcdeca cl-Jemul sat, and the alarc-giri put befim her the 
fi>od and the wine ; but tbcy had not rrnoincd more llian a abort 
time when Seyf cl-MuI<>ok approached ; whereupon she met him 
with ulutadon, and thev etiibrH4vd each other. 

After thif, they sat a while cutinj; and drinking ; and Bedcea el- 
Jemal said, O ion of the King, when thou enterest tire Garden oJ 
Ircju, thou wilt *ee a large tent pitched, of red satin, and ib* lining 
of green riDt Enter the tent, and fortify thy heart. Tho« wilt 
there sec an old woman lilting ujmh a couch of red gold set with 
large pi-arU and witli jewels; and when liiou enterest, salute her 
witli potiteiicsii nnd reverence : and look towards the couch : thou 
wilt find beneath it a pair of slippers interwoven with gold and 
adorned with mim-rals. Take those slippers and kiss them, and put 
them upon thy Itead:" then put tlirm bem-»th tliy right arm-pit, 
and stand before the old woman, siU-nl, nnd hanging down thy 
head. And when she osketh thee and saitli to thee, "Whence hast 
thou come, and how orrivcdst thou here, and who mode known to 
thee this place, and for whiit reason tookcst tliou tUi-n: *Jipf>crs? — 
be thou silent until lliis nty ulave-^irl etitereih aud cuni'ersetb with 
her, and cndearourelb to render her favourable to thee, and striveth 
to content Iht mind by words. Perhaps Ood (whose name be ex- 
alted !) may incline her heart to thee, and she may consent to tliat 



: 




wliich Uiau dcitiri-xt. — She then called that s1»vo-girl ; nnd her name 
Viiit MarjaiiL-h ; and she said to her, Uy tliy love of tne, ace»)ii[>It»h 
this aifair this day, and be not slothful in doing it. If thou aceoni- 
plish it this day, thoti shnlt ho free for thr sake of God (whose oame 
be exalted !), and tliou shalt receive gencrow* lr<-ntmciit, and there 
shall not be any dearer in my estimation tliuii tlion, nor will 1 
reveal my secret to any but thee. — So she replied, O niy mixlre^t, 
and light of my eye, tell me what is thine affair, that I may accom- 
plish it for thee on my ln-ad and my eye. And she said to her. It 
is, that thou carry this human being upon thy shouldent, and convey 
him to the Garden of Ircm, to the presence of my grandmother, 
tlie mother of my fatlicr ; that ihou convey him to her tent, and 
take care of him. And when thou entere«t the lent, thou with 
liim, and seesl him take the slippers and pay homage to them, and 
slic saith to him. Whence art thou, and by what nay camext thou, 
and who brought tliee to thtit pinco, and for what reason lookest 
thou these slippers, and what is tlitne afliiir that 1 may accomplish 
it for thee ? — thereupon enter thou quickly, and salute lier and «ay 




3GG 



THE STORY OF SEYP EI^MULOOK 



Mcmuwhile, Seyf eUMulook ww drrefting faimscir in the (<arElen, 
when five of ihc Jan, who were of Ibe nubject* of ihr Blue King, 
taw him ; and they said, Wbeoc« is this tuao, and who brought htm 
to this place f Prrhnji* \ie i* the person who killed the son of the 
Blue King.— I'hei) thuj said, one to another, Wc will empkiv a 
atimtagem a^nst hiro, and intenogste him, and aak infonnatian of 
htm. So they walked on by little and little until they cane to Seyf 
el-Mulook in a lade of the garden, when lliey M-ate«l themselres by 
him, and said to him, O comely young man, thou (ailedst not in 
kilUnjf the son of the Bine King, and dclinring D6)et Kh&toon 
from him. He wu a perfidious dog, nod had rireumvrntFd I>er; 
and had not God sent thee to her for that purpose, she hiut ncrcr 
escaped. But how didst thou kill lum f — And Seyf el-Muloc^ 
looked at them and answered them, I killed him by means of this 
seal-rit^ that is upon my fin^r. Ha it woa evident to thctn that he 
was the person Trho killed him : therefore two of them seized bi« 
hands, and two hb feet, and the other held hb mouth, lest he 
•bould call out, and the people of the King Shahyal shoald hear 
hira and deliver him from their hands. Then they took him up and 
flew away with him, and ihcy ceased not to their flight until tlvey 
■Ugbted in the prc»ence of their Kinfr, when they stationed him 
before him, and said, O King of the Age, we have brought thee him 
who killed thy aon. — And where t» he ? xoid the King. They 
answered. This U be. And the Blue King said to him. Didst 
tboo kill my son, and the vital spark of my heart, and the light of 
my eye, witfaont right, and without any oSence that he had com- 
mitted against thee f Seyf el-MoIook answered him, Yes, I killed 
Inm ; bat on acemrat of his tyranny and his iniquity ; for he took 
the children of the Kings, and conveyed them to the Abandoned 
Well and tiie I»fty Palace, and separated them &om their families, 
and acted impudently towards them. I killed him by means of thb 
ring that is upon my finger, and God hurried bis soul to the fire, 
and miserable is the abode tn which he hath gone. — So it was eri- 
dent to the Blue King ttial this was the penon who killed his son, 
withont doubt ; and thereupwi he called tor his Wezccr, and said 
to him. This is the person who killed my son, without any uncer- 
tainty or doubt. What then dost thou counsel me to do in hi* 
cta^ t Shall I slay him in tlie most abominahh; manner, or torture 



AND BEDEEA F.L-JRMA'L. 



967 



I 



Iiim wiih tlie mo»t grit-voiis torture, or liow shall I act ? — Tliu cliiirf 
Wezi-er aiuwertic!. Cut off one of Im Ihnbs. Anothrr said, lufiicl 
upon him every day a severe beating. AnoUier siud, Cut him 
through the middle. Ajiother said, Cut off all hit fingent, nud bum 
thcin with fire. Another said, Crueify him. And o?ery one of 
them proccedutl to spcnk according to liis judgment. 

Bot there wa^ with the Blue King a great Eniecr, acquniiitcd 
with aflairs and with the circumstances of the times, and he said to 
the King, O King of the age, 1 will say to theo some words, and it 
is thine to judgr whether thou wilt utt^^'ud to that which I counsel 
thee to do. He was the counsellor of hiti kitigdom, and the chief 
officer of his empire, and the King used to atteud to his woi-ds, and 
act according to his judgment, and not oppose him in aught. Now 
he rose u])on his feet, kissed the ground before him, and Miid to 
him, O King of the age, if I give thee advice in this alfair, wilt 
thou follow it, and wilt thou grant mo indemnity ? And the King 
wuwcrcd him, Sliew thine opinion, and thou shall be safe. Then 
■ud he, O King, if thou kill this man, and receive not my advice, 
Bor consider my words, the slaughter of him at this time will not be 
right; for he is in thy hand and in thine asylum, and he is thy 
captive, and when thou desircst him Ihou lindest him, and mayeit 
do with liim OS thou wilt. Be patient then, O King of the age; 
for thiie man hath entered tlie Ciarden of Iri-in, and married Bcdeefi 
cl-Jcmill, tlie (UuglitL-r of the King Shahj&l, and become one of 
them, and thy people seized him and brought him unto thoc, and 
he hath not concealed his case from them nor from thee. So if 
tliou »lny him, the King Shuhyal will dcmund of thee his blood- 
revenge, and will act hostilcly to thee, and come to tliee wltli forces 
on account of his daughter, and thou art not able to prevail agaiust 
his forces, nor hast thou power to contend witli him. — Tlic King 
therefore attended to this his advice, and gave urdeni to iuipriMou 
Seyf el-Mulook. — Thus did it happen unto him. 

Now the lady Bcdeeii el-Jemil, having met with licr father 
Sbahy&l, sent the slave-girl to search for Seyf el-Mulook ; and she 
found him not ; wherefore she returned to her ini.ilrewi, aud said, 
I have not found him in the garden. And she sent to the gsr- 
deners, and asked them respccling Seyf el-Mulook; and they 
answered, We saw him sitting beneath a tree, and lo, live persons. 



-nie STORY OF SEYP EI^MULOOK 



of Uie people of the Blue King, alijjhtod hy him, niitl ^nTcniMl 
witli him : Uion they took Itim up, and stopped liis inoutli, niid flew 
with him, aiMi dvpHrti^d. So when the lady BedecS cl-Jeinnl heurd 
those n-ords, the affair was not a light matter to her. She was 
violently enraged, and, riving upon her fret, isllc aaid to her father 
the King Shahyiil, How i.i il tliat thou an King, and the people of 
the Blue King come to our garden and take our guest uid depart 
with him in safety while thou art living ? In like manner his 
mother also begun to provoke hiin, and to say. It is not fit that any 
one should trangress againxt us while thou art liring. But he 
replied, O ray mother, this human being killed the son of the Blue 
King, a Jinnee ; so God cast liim into liin hand : how llien iihoiild 
I go to him Hnd net hoNtilely towards him on account of the human 
being ? His mother however said to him. Go to him, and demand 
of him our guest ; and if he be hving, and he deliver him to thee, 
lake hiin, and come back ; but If he have sluiii him, xeisui the Blue 
King alive, him and his children and hia hiirccm,! and every on« 
who hatli his protection among his dependants, and bring them 
alive unto me, that I may slau;^hter thera vr-ith mine own hand, and 
devastate his dwellings. If thou do not that which I liave com- 
manded thcc, I will not hold thee lawfully acquitted of the obligation 
that thou owest me for my milk, and my rearing of tbec shall be as 
though it were to thee unliiwful.— So upon this the King Shahyal 
arose, and commanded his troops to go forth, and repaired unto 
htmf in honour of his mother, and from a regard to the feelings of 
licTsclf and of those who were beloved of her, and in order to tlic 
accomplishment of a thmg that had boon decreed from eternity. 

iSluiliyal set forth with his troops, and they ceased not to 
pursue their way until they cainc to the Blue King, and the two 
armies met ; whereupon the Blue King waa defeated with Ills amiy, 
and the victon seized his children, great and small, and the lords of 
his empire and its great men, and bound them, and brought lliem 
before the King Sbaliyiil, who said to the Blue King, O Blue, 
where is Scyf cl-Mulook, the human being, who was my guest? 
Tlie Blue King said to him, O Shahyi'd, (Iiou art a Jinnee and 1 am 
a Jinnee, and on account of a human being who hath killed my son 
dost tliou do these deeds ? He is the destroyer of my son tuid the 
vital spnrk of my lieort and the case of my soul, aiid how hast thou 








'Wl 



W^ 



done all those deecU, iind spilt the blood of »o many thousand Jin- 
nvcs? — But Shuhviil repiied," Dcaist from tlicse words; and if he 
be ImD);, bring him, and I will liberate tliei;, and will liberate 
everj: one of thy children whom I have seized : but if thou have 
lin him, 1 will slaughter thee and thy children. The Blue King 
■nd to him, O King, in this mottt dear unto thee than my son f 
The King Shahj'£l answered him, Verily ttiy son was a tyrant j for 
he carried olf the cliildren of mc-n, and the daughters of Kings, and 
put ihem in the Lofty Piiluce and the Abandoned Well, and aeted 
impudently towards them. And the Blue King said lo liim. He is 
wiUi me ; but make thou reconciliation between us and him. So 
he reconciled them, and conferred upon them robes of honour, and 
he wrote a roucher agreed upon Wtween the Blue King and Seyf 
cl-Muloolc rrjipecting the slaughter of the son of tlvc former; after 
which, the King Shahyal received Seyf el-MuIook, and eutertuincd 
them handsomely ; and the Blue Kiug remained with Itim, he and 
his army, tlu'ce daj>. Then Stuhyal took Seyf el-Mutook, and 



TOL. III. 



3 ■ 



370 



THE STORV OP SEYF EI-MUI.OOK 



brou;{ht him Ui lii* motlicr, who rejoiced excredi'ngly at scring liiiu, 
and Slialiy^ woiulcred «t the beauty of Svyf rl-Mulook, and bis 
perfection and loTrlincn; and Sc>T d'MuUiolc related to him bu 
■toiy from bc^ioning to end, telling him wbat had befallen liim witb 
Bcdcca H-Jcmol, 

Tlie Kinn; Shaby&l then Baid, O my mother, aiucn' thou hiut 
consented to this, I hear and obey alt tlut tliou desirest: so take 
him and go witli him to Sarandeeb, and celebrate there a niaguifi- 
font featiTity; for he is a comely young man, and hath endured 
hoiTwa on hor account. Accordingly »!ie proceeded with her 
female slaves until they arrived at Sarandeeb, and entered the gar- 
den belonging to the niotlier of Dolel Kh£toon. BedeeA el-Jem&t 
•aw Seyf el-Mu!ook, after they had pone to the tent and met one 
another, and the old woman related to them what he had experi- 
enced from the Blue King, and how he had been at the- point of 
death in the prison of the lilue King. Tlicn" llie King Tiij cl- 
Mulook, the fatlicr of Dolet Kluitoon, summoned the great men of 
his empire, and tliey pt-rfuniied the ceremony of the contract of the 
marriage of Bedeeit cUJemal to Si^yf et-Mulouk, and married her to 
him ; and when the ceremony of tlic contract was performed, the 
u&hers of the court cried out. May it be blcMc-d ! He dcscrvcth ! 
—and they scatterrd tlir gold and the silver upon the head of Seyf 
el-Mtdook, conferretl coHtly robes of honour, and made banquets. 
Seyf cl-Mulook tlien said to Taj el-Mulook, O King, panlonl I 
wotOd luk of tliec a thing, and I fear that thou mayest refuse it me 
and disappoint me. But Taj el-Thluluok replied, By Allnh, wert 
thou to demand my soul, I would not withhold it from tlicc, on 
accoimt of the kind actions that thou linst done. So Seyf ^ 
I^ltilook said, I desire that thou many Dolct Kh&toon to my 
broilier Saud, that we may both be thy pages. And Taj el-Mulook 
replied, I hear and obey. He forthwith assembk-d the gmt men 
of hia empire a second time, and performed the ceremony of the 
contract of the mnrrinfie of his daughter Di'ilct Khatoon (o Sa'ed ; 
and when they had finished the ceremony of the couliact, they 
acatterod the gold and silver, and the King commanded thai they 
should decorate the city. Thry then celebrated the festiri^, and 
Seyf el-Mulook took Bedeci eWemal as his wife and S«'«d took 
Dolct Khitoon as bis wife the same nigbb Seyf el-Ur'"'') > 



AND BEDEEA EL-JEMA'I.. 



371 



not to remain in retireineat witli B«d«ei el-JvinftJ for forty days; 
and ilie wiid to him one day, O son of the King, doth lliere rcmnin 
ill thy heart a regret for anything ? Scyf cl-Mulook answered, 
(iotl forhid ! I )iave acconi])lished my want, and no reprct re- 
mainelh in my heart ; but I desire to meet my fallicr and mother 
ID the land of F.}^-pt, and to see if they have continued well or itot. 
— So she ordered a party of her scn-anta to convey him and Su'ed 
to the land of Egypt ; and tliey conveyed them to their families in 
Egypt ; and Scyf el-Mulook met his father and hi» muther, as also 
did Sa'ecl, ami they remained with them a week. Then each of 
them bade farewell to his father and his mother, and they departed 
to the city of Sarundeeh ; and whenever they desired to see their 
Rimilic«, they u«-il to gn and retuni. Thus Seyf el-Miilook lived 
with Bedeci eUeiniil a most plea^iant and most agreeable life, and 
in like manner did Sd'ed with Dolet Khaloon, until they were 
ri&ited by the terminator of dclighta and the separator of com- 
pRDions. — Extolled he the perfection of the Living who dielh not, 
who created the creatures, and sentenced them to death, and who 
is the First, without beginniug, and tlie Lust, without end ! 




--^- 




NOTES TO CIlAPTEIt TWKN'TY-FOURTH. 



Note I. 



[m the oiipinnl, lliiii itory liiii tliL- folluving iiilraductjoii, which I have tnns- 
f<rtcil lu ihia Jilitce Uvcaiitc il lievilK li> »ir to lie i-f little iiiti'tvut, and ['uiculntcd 

10 itiEliiri* «ip«cUilioii« lh>it «iU not br Ailly reulUed. The Branluu edition <1om not 
Riinlain iL 

" Thcru Ku, in nncicnt time*, a Kiii^, of th« Kin|[i of the Pcnun*, vthoic rmih 
«n» Moljimmnd the loti of Sebiik, and who ruled over the couiitriet of KhurAda. 
mid rvpry yetr he lued to inrade lhi< i-ouiitries of the iiifideii, in Kt-IIinil * and Ei- 
Siud t jiiid ChiiiB. onil the ri'giotn (hot ore beyond Ihe Hiver [Oxus], and oilier 
caunlri<« beaide* thcar, uf llip Ptfrsianii and ulhi-r natiotiL He i»M c jutt, brave, 
gfnerouK. liberal King. AaA ibii Kiug was fund uf convendlians t/yft the tup, 
and Unititioii* iind vena, and Itlilorict and tiiUi, unil iiiglil-itiHcoun*!, Mid l)i« 
lU-ci of the sncienl*. Wlioei-cT preserved in his memory nn f xtrnordinnry toU^ 
and related it to him. homed to confer fovouit upon liim. hi* uid that if ii 
■Imnger cain« lo him *iih nn exliaordinory nighl-diicourse, ond recited before 
him, Hiid h« *]i{)r(>vpd of hi» talv, and his wordu ptenied hiin, he tiaed tu beilow 
upon him a *un>pluoiu robo of honour, givo liim a ihoiiamid piuei'* of guUI, mount 
him upon • hor*e loddled and bridled, clothe him tram heiid to foot, nnd pf 
bim ulagniliceut gift*; and ihr niun would uAe ihv tilings and g9 bis way. 

"Nov il biippsncd thai an old man ramc lo lilni wilh nn exirnnrclinary night* 
Inlc. nhicb be related before him, and he upprovcd of il, and hit noidi plMatd 
hiui; au li« giivi- uidrrt lu present lo bini a «uiii]iIuoua gif). compiiiinj; a lbolu«l4 
pitew of gM of KhitrAiifiii, .iiid n liorM cuiiijilcirly equipped. Then, oAet tUi^ 
the uevrs of theic uctians of lUa Kinj; (prcod nbiood tlirou^lioiil all ihe riliei, su^ 

11 mnn named the mercluini Ilaiou. vho <Eas generous, liberal, Icamtd, a poet, 
rsceUin^ in Huiencc, heard of btiii. And there wai', wiili that Kinf, an cnviant 
Wcu-tr, uf inanspicioiii utpeci, who loved not uny one ainuiig all ihe people, ncilher 
tlie t^cli nor the poor; and nhciiever uny one camn to Ihal Kiug and he gave him 
niighl, be rutied biin, ai>d laid. Verily ihia practice coniumeih tho wvHltli and 
riiinDib the eounuy; and thia i> lb« vualoni of lh« Kinf;; — ihuie wotd* proceeding 



1 



0( HillOiKittlll. 



t W'Miani IndU. 



MOTBS TO CHAPTKR TWENTY- FOURTH. 



373 



nol »T« from envy and hatred in that Wczecr. Thtn ibu King Iwaid of the 
RioKlianl Hoiwi; ■» lie icnt to liim. and cniucd him lo he hroiijcht; ami u'lirii h« 
came before liim, lie raid to liiiii, O iiiercli^itil tlaisM. the Wexeer hath acted with 
oppoiilton and ciimil)' lowxnl) me iin ««i-atint of the wealth that I give lo the 
porta and the bnnn-cuiniiaoidtia and th« TFcit<irt of tiilvH uiid v«ni'«. Now I 
desire uf Otee t!i>il ibtiii relate to nic a plcniant late and an rxtrnordliiiiry ttury, 
duch that 1 Iiuvc never limrd the like of it. And if thy ilory plraii^ me, 1 nill 
)[ive thee miitiy tra<l> uf Itiiiil with (lieir ca«llt'>i, and I wiJI inukv them additional 
to thy fief: * 1 wilt nliio plaice all my kingdom hI thy diHjiusul, and make thee the 
cliief of my Wficpn: tlinu thnll >il on my right hand, and govern my tnibjeetL 
Rut if tttou l>rin){ me not that of wliich I have (old thee, i will take all that is in 
thy hand, and Uaiiisb thee from my country. — To (liti the mcrrhant Hunan 
replied. 1 hear am! obey our lord the King. Btil the inemlool: lieiirelli of thee 
thai ihoii huv» pnlit^nce with him (m a yenrx then 1 vill relut« (o lb«c n atury tlie 
like nf whi-;h thou host nut heard in thy life, neither hath any one betide thcu 
heard the Uke of it, nor uny story better ihiiii it. — And the King ioid, I grant thee 
a delay of a whole yVHr. Tlivil ho culled fur u Huiiipttiuuti rube uf fauiiour, and 
clad liim with it, and mid lo liim, Conflne lliyaelr to tliy hoil:«e, Hnd mount not. 
not go nur cume, during tlin prriud of a whole year, until thou {ireteiitett tliyielf 
with that wliieh I have drmaiidcd of tliee. If than bring ihni, ilinii thnlt ri'('i*ive 
■pecial favour; and rejoice tlioii in the prospect of that whicli I have promitcd 
tliee. But if thou bring it not, lliou shall nut bv of lis, nur will we be uf thee.^ — 
And the merchant Ilnmn kiued the gruund before liini. and went Ibrtli. 

" He then choie, of liia mvrnloukii, live per«on>, hII nf whom nnite and read ; 
•nd they were excellent in Hci«nc[', intelligent, vcmrd in polili' literatnrv, of the 
ehoiceM of bin memluokt. He §;ave lo each of (hem tive ihuiixtuid piccet of 
gold, and said to iham, I reared ymi not hut for aneh a day on thin : aid mo then 
to ur-eomplith the desire of (he King, and lavc me from hi* hand. Tliey said to 
him. And what dcsiieil thou t'< ilo ! Fur uiir m)uIb ibnll be tby ronjiom. — lie 
aoawered them, I detire tb.it eacli of you journey mitn «onie rtg:ion, and that ye 
uae your ulmiMl ondonvoun to gain bccci* to the learned, and the accomplished 
in politii literature, and the encellent in icience, and the relaten of extraordinary 
t«Jo« and Boiidcrfid hiBturir* ; and Bi-arcb ye for me to procuie the rtory of Scjf el- 
Mutook, and bring It to me. If yv find it with any one, excite hta demre for ila 
price, and whalioevor hr dcmanilitih of gold uud titter, give him it: even it he 
demand of you a ihontand pieco of gold, give him what ye have ready and prv- 
ntito him the ieniaindi>r, nnd bring it to me. Whichever of you flndoth tliii eCory 
and brin^elli il tu nie. t will bcituw upon him mniptuoui robe* of honour, and 
abundant fatourv, and thetc »hull be unto uie none dearer than he. — Then ihe 
merclumt Honui said lo one of thi'ni, G» ihou lo tlio countriei of El-Hind and 
Ett^uid, and Ihvir province* and diatricta. And h« »sid lo another. Go tlum to 
Iho GountriM of Pcrua and Cliinn, and their dUtricU. And to aiwthcr he laid. 
Go tlum iDihe couutrie* of Khuris&u. and iia prortiKe* and dislriclii. To anolhei 
he laid. Ga thou to the countricj of (he VTtuI, f and its regions and its diiliicts and 
its proTincci and all Its <}uaiters. And he Mid lo the other, Ihe ATA, Go Ihou to 
the cnunuiM of Syria and Kgypl, and (heir luuvitKM and dUtrfcl*. Tlie mercluail 
llini choar fur them an autpiciouiday, aoilaaid lo t)>rni,Set fonk onyour jmnnaja 



• VMosd InA. 



* Kott^na Mutt, mtt tt «gn*- 



374 



KOTBS TO CHAPTEK TWENTY- rOURTH. 



tliL« day, *nd ttriiw diligently to Mcunip]itb my tffoir, nni b» not ilailifiil Uiougli 
lli« CMo (hnuld rrriuire (ho ucrjficc n( your Itvci. So llwy bad* him dvcwdl, 
Kni »ct forth, nnd cncU of tlicni wmt to ihc <]uarl<r to which he hod cmiuiLUidcd 
him (a ga. Foot of Ihcm honcvcr wltc nbicnt four monthi, and Marched, Mitl 
found nut nugiil. Tbpri'fure the boiom of Ihc iiicrcliuiil IjaiMi wm Mninctcd 
when (he four iiii-Tuluokii returu«d to liim, and iurnniied him that they had mar^od 
ibe citJM and thv cotinlrie* and tbv disliicti for lb* object of i1i«It maMar'a daKK, 
nnd found not of it nufiht. 

" Bui na to ilie (ifth mfmloolc, lie journeyed until he entered S)-ria and arrived 
at the city of Ditmutciit, nnd be found it to be a pleasnnt. iceure city, with trwa 
and river* and fniitB, and birds thai proclaimed th« perfection of Uod, ibe One, 
■ho Omnipotent, who ercnted thi< oiglii and the day. f(e reinaiiitd in It wm* 
dayn. inquiring for thai wlilch hi* ninilrr wanted; but no one ({avc him infoima- 
tlon of it. He lliCM detircd to di'purt tlience, and (o Journey to another place ; 
and lo, be uw a young oian running, and stumbling upon bis nkirt* : wi the mcfn- 
took uid to hint. Wbcrefori! doat tliou niii. and art thou djiitmicil, and vhtlJiar 
rrpHiresI ttiou* And lie oniwercd him, licrc la on exccUcnl ibcykb rhomty 




NOTES TO CHAPTBR TWEMTY-POURTH. 



875 



k 



day MaUth hiinw-lf upon a vtoni • «t thia llm>. Mid raUtvth pl«Mn>t mI«ii Miit Ills- 
lorin and uiglivMArii^ thn like of which no one hUh hrord; and I am running 
that 1 limy (ind Tor mywlf a place near unto him, and fear that I bIioU not 
obtain D place, on aecuuiit uf (lie crowd, Th(< manilniik thfrvfurv snid to Iiini, 
Take me u-itli tliec. And ihi- j'oung man r<'plled, IIiHtrn in Ihy pni;e. So he 
cloacd liii door, nnd hniii-ncd uiih him until he arrived nt llii^ plHcr in which ihe 
»li*jlili reeitpd amid the people, when fic inw ihat iheykh to be n person of comely 
fac*, and nilting upon h itoul rcciliiig lo the pcuple. He seated himielf near to 
luiB, and tiMeii«d in li*nr hi* xtory ; and when llie lime nf minivt eame, (he aheykh 
«a4td lh« tfory, and the people, having heard whol he had recited, diagirnied trom 
•nxand him. And thereupon the tnemlMik odvunced lo him luid laluled hint, niid 
b» rtiiimrd hia anluloiioii witli ncFeding greeting and honour. The mcmlnok 
then laid to him. Verily, O my niHHlvr the »lieykh, ihoii art a comely, reverend 
man, and thy rt-eitiilion ia pleasant, and I deiirt' (n iii^jiiirv of thee reapectinjl B 
thing. Aii'I Iliv aheykh replied. Inquire reipcetinf; what thnu will. So the mcra- 
loek Mud to htm. Huit thou the nighl-ilory of Seyf cl-MuIook and Bed^eS el- 
JuinAH The iheykli laid lo him, And from whom heanJert thou thcpw worda, and 
nho ii he who infoniied tllvv of lliit? Tlie menilook aniwered, I heard no! thli 
from any one ; but I ;mi from a diHlHtit cinintry, and hurr cume aecking for thin 
■lory, and wliat>io>'Vi-r thon demnndett ai. ita price, I will givv it Ihee, if thuu have 
it and will lieAt'ivi; it ns a favour ond charily npon nic, and in ihi* genertnity of 
thy nature wilt give it oa an alms from ihee. If my loul were ot my dlajxianl und 
I ncriiiced it to llice fur ii, my hi-an wiiiild lie plented by doing to. — .\nd the 
■Iteykh replied. Be of good heart and cheerful eye ; for it ahall he pro<luced Ut 
tliev ; hilt thin i« n atory which none tcluteth in llic beaten way, nor wmdd I give 
tlin story to every one. The memlook therefore laid to him. By Alluli, O my 
muler, do not covcloiialy withhold il from me ; hut demand of me whatever tliou 
wilL And the sheykh replied. If thou dnire thin Blory, give mc a hundred piece* 
of f;old, and I will give il lo ihce; hut Oil live cuildiliolis. 

" So when he knew tlinl il wm in ihc pisnewiiuii of (lie aheykli, und thai lie 
conBTiited to giv* il liim, h* rejoiced exceedingly, and Mid lo him, I will give thee 
■ Inindred pieces of gold oa iti price, and ten ai n gralnily, and rvceire it on the 
cnnditlona thai tliou bait mentioned. .\nd the iheykh replied. Go, bring the gtold, 
■nd receive what thou nanteil. Wherefore the memluuk orote, and kiued the 
handi of the sheykh, and went t" bin lodging Joyful and happj'. He took in hli 
h«nd a hmllln^d piecet of gold and ten, and pnt them into a piirae that he hod 
»ith him ; and when ibc morning came, he arose and put on hia cloihco, and. 
taking the piece* of gold, wviil wiili them In the >1ieykh. He aaw hini nttin|[ at 
iho door cf hi* lioiue, and ■olulcd him; and he relumrd hia luOutation. He then 
(tare him llie himdrcd piccea of gold and leu, oind the iheykh, having n-ceived 
tbem froiD him, aro»e and entered Ills lioujre, taking the memlook in ; and he 
seated him in a place, and hnitighl to 1iiin an ink-cane and a pen and some paper; 
and he hroitjcht to liiin al«« a honk, niid aaiduihim, Traniu-riUe what tliou ■eckrnl from 
thia book of the nighl-itory of Styf el-Mulook. The nx'mluok lh*r*fore aal writ' 
ing lliia alury until he had tiniihed die transcription of it, when h« read it to th* 
aheykh, and he corrvcted it; nud aflrr ihut, the aheykli laid to him, Know, O my 
■on, that the tint condition ii, that ihnii rtlatf not thia trtory in lli« hcalmi way ; 

■ TtH *tif4 nndend "Moor tlio iltoUlEa "ctuli." *c: but ihe HateT tbspotille iMiHtalntw 
la ■•BuaO} a tftMU stosl, audi «t palm-fUeU, ud RHBil>Uti( 4 tm*U trala. 



376 



h'OTES TO CUAPTER TWENTY- FOURTH. 



nor thaii th>3ii relate it among women and slai-v-girlt, nor among niali' black 
■lare* and stupid pi'nuiis. tiur ainoiig boy*; but ihoii >hii)l toily ivcit* il ainim|[ 
Emc«n and King* aad Wrxrrrt, and pvntiii* of knowlcdKc, nich a* cxpoaitan ami 
olhcra. And the KMinlouk Buciitc'd to the conditions, kised the handi of the 
iheykh, tHidc lilni fiuvwcll. nnd departed from hiiii. He crl forth uu hU jDurar)r 
that day, joyful niid liaiipy, utid evMvd not to proarcutc hU jounu^- wiih dlllpnc«, 
by rt'AMin of tho grrat joy thnt he exptricnced on oecount of hjc acquiciticn of tlie 
(tory uf Seyf cl-Miilook, luiltl lie cauie lu bis cnuiitiy ; aiid be tent hi* nrrvanl 
to convey llip t'ood iien» In tbe iiierfliniit, *nd to tay to liini, Thy iiu'mlaok tialli 
arrirpd ufi^ly. and attaint^ hii wiib and dciire. And vben the memUi^ anivcd 
at the eity of bis master, nnd scut lo him ibc nieaienger of good news, th<rc r^ 
iiiained not oftlie period u^rrd upon bFlwvpTi the Kiiig and lb* mert^Biit Hnau 
iiinn! than ten dayi. lie then went in la bis niAstrr the merchant, and aci|uai]|lod 
luni with that which had happened lo hiin; whereat he rejoici^ BTcntly. Th« 
mcnilouk tested iii bin private apartnii'iil. and gave tu his luasler the book coalain- 
big the «t(iry (if Si'yrcl'\[|i1iKik anil Di'dreft el-Jeniftl ; aiid wlieii hit iimu-rwa 
thBt, he hr.iluwcd on the nirnilook all the elnlbe* that were upon him, and g«T« 
him ten excellent honn, and ten camels, and ten mules, and lhn» black alaTw 
and Iwo mcmlooks. 

" Th«i inerchanl th«n took the «lary, wrote it plakily in hi* own tund, 
and went up tn the King, and said lo him, O fortunate King, 1 have bronghl a 
night-story, and a plcosiuit, rare lale, the like of which no one bath ever [iMrdL 
And whrii the King beard the wonhi of the nicrclianl Mason, he imlcred 
immediately that every intnltigciit Kiiii'er nhould conic, and every leamed man 
who excelled in science, and every one veried in polite lit<nraliirtf, ar>d rach poel 
and lagaeiaus person. Tlien the merchant Jlnion sat and read lliii aiory btbn 
tht King ; and when Ihv King and evt^ry one who naa prtvent heard il, lluy til 
wnndemt, and approved of it. .All wli'f were prewnt approved of it, and ibcy 
showered upon him jinld and iilvvr (Uiil Jewrln ; and the King gore order* to pn- 
■enl lo tlie merchant Uiuan a sumptuoita robe of honour of ihr most tnignillnrnt 
uf bis apparel, fnTc him a great eily wllli its caatle* and it* tioldt, nisde liim wi 
of the grealcBl of his Wcieert, and neated him on his ri(tht hand. He llien ovdend 
the sctihes lo write this story in lellem of gold, and to place II lu hi* privst* rep*- 
allurieH ; and the King used, wbcDeTM hia bo«om wo* contracted, to mnuAon lh( 
merchant ^omui, and be read it." 



Noit 2. 

Thwe name* ar» AraUe {"'A'jim" aignilying "defending," "deltiniM,'' ftc; 
and "Safwin," "dpaf"aiid " eold," applied to a day) ( and {nolwiilistandiug lb* 

pretended scenes and aj[c of the story) the niannvrs and cuBloins which it datcrftn. 
nnd the dresses, when any kind is specified, arr .Arabian. The authur ci'cti ttrmi 
lo have intended Cairo as tlie capital of the King. 

NoTlS. 
•• Pins" »ignifl«« '■ a honcman," *c. ; and *' §fileb," " good," "jml," fa. 

Note 4. 
In iha Bmlau edition, and in Tr£hulieii's veraion, the pUoc of Sdeppfe't 




I 



kbodv al ihit tine m *Md tebare been Sebo, «f El' Yemen, th« MMtafgftvtniaent 
of BoIkcM, or Sa^Mv, " tbr Qunn of Shclui" mrationcil in the Bible. 

Norc a. 

Btn ft Iff W W thai thr phnai " lo kia> die ground" u to b« ludMlHod ttt Iti 
GtmX tmme ; but I bdlpvi* tliat thii (i iivvvr the cane when tlii' act in M3d, In lbl> 
Hotk, to be prrfonncd by a Muilim. — S«e Note )£ tu Cliu^itiT vi. 

NotKS. 

" The Mme Mrcmony i» iiill ob»frvod at tlio audlfnc^R wliii-h the Porte hivm 
lo AmlHLjindoix Grii-nlnl polilcnr'U ri'ijiiircn tlml rcfre*hiixi-nt« be pre lented 1* 
gwcftjt liefiire inquiring the molivc of their mit." (Note by Von HuiuiicT, in Trt- 
butmi'a vcnlon.") 

NOTB 7. 

Moluunmnft did not pntfcM lo tt^ach a new rtligion, but to rttiort (lie only 
tnw rfligion ; and Uiii ii cftilod " *1-I"l(u>i," wiiieh nigniftcj " reiignulion [to Goil]."* 

NoTt 8. 

By ihp "two prnyen," it nppenn finmi what foUow», iliat th» prayera of noon 
oud afUmonii are iiivunl. 

vol.. itt, t i; 



378 



MOTES TO CHAPTER TWEN'TT-FOtRTU. 



NttTBd. 

So in the Brtiilaii i^tian : in th« Fdition of Cairc^ "Am Iurim;" but only (mm 
it mpuIJaiiFd alUnrftTd*. 

NOTR 10. 

ThR words " iFJth all hi* aubjccU'' I havo inNTtod on the «uthorily of lli« 
Bmlau cdiiion. 

Kan It. 

Th« word rendf red " onioii-uiic«" is " ta^1(«yeh." M}' thcykh cxplilna tt aa 
"oniuiis cooked in cluTifipd bullrr, after wliicb (hvy are |iiil upon ollivT rookcMl 

food." 

Sm Nolc 67 to Clia|iUi xi. 



N«nl3. 



NonlS. 



" Such n-juicingt art Mil] URul Bl Caiiiliititiiiupic, under the luaic of ' dAnA»- 
mail,' noi only wlirii Oio Snltcnai' arc nufinln, hut alio wlipn ihvy art brougkl 
to bed. In ISun, the rtiinour of (be prp)!Tianry ofa Sidlann, brJDK falwly tptvad, 
ini-otrcd all the nunbUn ui Coniiuitiuupic in luclcu cxpcmo, to prepare (br • 
d6n£»mak vliich did not take place." (Note by Voii Homnwr, in TrifauSen't 
VCTwon.) 

Von 14. 

" Sn-f el-MuIuuk" u^Sm"!])* Siroril«f tht Kinga." In tbt Breabui editkra 
and in Tribulicn'i varsion, the nttrologvni vrr \ivrr Kiiid In have cstt the Prince'* 
nativity, and to bftva Ibrpaecn variou* VTrnt* whicli lh« t«le tSumttia i«Uln, 

N«Ti 13. 

■< Si'cd" aignifica " forc-onu." 

K«TB 10. 

In the BrciUu edition, tbcy arc uid to have been laughl the KuT-4n, ftr. 

Von 17. 

" ZMfth" ho* b^orc been cxpluncd, an t name triT«n in T-gypl XO ■ anull 
moi^uc. 

NofS 18. 

" The Hom-counc uf the Elephant" ban m»iitIoi)«d *trau to be lliit of t]i« 
Lati ol' the ElvjiliMit, ( which, nccordinn In EI-Makrcrxrr (a» tt«l«d in hit ■' Kht- 
l»l"), WR» madi^ lownrdi the clo«c of the seven hundredth century of tho Pligbl, nad 
nftcrwarda, in the sevi'iiteeiith year of the uext ccnlury, become th« die of uablea. 
In the Uivtiuu vilition, ihc llonc-couno h KaUvi "el-M«iydin el-'AdI;" ifaia | 

■ n* llll* «( " RulUoi" l> uKd bf Eiuvpunmi hmlnliwiir "Soltiii.* vtiM I* (ttai^ tta 
IWfci Is I runmls u iiU u tu 1 nitle. «lib no aUbtino bol Ibb, tinl It pnctdN lb* praftt auM tf 
t naif. Ulil Tuilowa iIliI uf a ftiui^r. 

t Uiitfi iI'Fnl. nUDtlantil Ui Not> 19 in Cb»i>'M T. 



NOTES TO flUPTEll TWBN TV- FOURTH. 



379 



■nppcuc tn bp a miiukc for *' McydAn Fi-'A'dil" (or the Hone-courfr of E1''A'<IU) ; 
Bi EI-'A'<lil wu tliv niniiunc of the King who niuilv thi.' Ilunv-cuurau uf lliv Lak* 
ut' (111- Elrptisnl. If lo, wc miul iofvr (u> I have ubtictvfd in the Bcccind of t1ii-a« 
nulCH) ihat tlii^ niithur of lliv [hI* itilviidi'il Cniro nt the cnpitnl of the King 'A'fua, 
nolwithslMidiiiK the uiochruniini thua implied. 

NoTB 10. 

A ddrripdon nf banquet* of lh# kind here mciitioocd ha* been glren tn Xoir 
7 to Cluptcr viil. 

Note SO. 

I ni|ip<KHt either tlic outer curtaiun of liio Kiiig'a paviliuu to be here meonl, or 
tho inner ciutftlua of ita veillbule. 

N«TB SI. 

Van {tnmnicr, in ilbiiilrnlinn of thin pnMngt^, mentiimii the ciulom, Mill fxisl- 
ing, of girding tlie lobrc on the lidc of nii Eu^teni aovtreljfu when hi' moiiiilx tho 
throne ; uiid uddn, ibnt the girdle ii fuund. upon iht'ir DKniiuiiFnlii. ai one of the 
inai^nin nf the ancivnt Kiii^ of Egypt. Ih'iiig nilorned with itiOHt valiiKhle jewvU, 
like the crown, tho ^rdlo it «li11 one of the insignia of many Ea*lem Rlngn. 

NoTB 32. * 

In my origin*] is hero uilded "aiid llie Kign«t" (muhr)! wid ia the Brcnlxu 
edition, "uiid thv huwi" but neither uf lhe«u (hliigi i* mentioned bsfort or iiftcr. 

NoTtZO. 

In my original, tho nnme of the fnther of BedeeS rl-Jcinil i* hsn- written 
'* Sbcninuikh," or '' Shem&kh," m in Trfbutieu'a vvreioD ; but bu in often men- 
tioned aflcnriifUi ond nlways called "Shuhy&l." 

KoTB 24. 

Reapectinj; DAbil, and ih* Ondtnef Iran, (coNolel-l to Chapter iii., and the 
«n*cdolc commencing in page MS of Volume ii. 



KuTB». 

So in till- Qre»Uu edition and in Trfbutien's veiMuu : in my original, liKia/y 

thou tail d. 

NoTB 26. 

" Figlifoor" ia a common title given by the Mn»lirm to Kmperon of China. In 
myoi^blal, by the uminNlon a( a letter nnd the iiiiiphKing of a diucriticul point, 
it ii conTfclod IbU " ^onfoo." 

More 37. 

In tho origina] there >> a pUy uniNi wnn*- . •• tuit," tlte lloinu of ihu aloe, *ig- 
oifyiug "pUtMioc." So aUo ■- •*■■ 



3»0 



\OTBS TO CHAITKR TWENTY-FOUKTH. 



NotkSS. 
S«c tile UsI pomgnph of Note 5 to Chapter i. 

NOTK 20. 

Korv wo liai'o ftgnjii " Uic Old Miin of t1ii> Srit," wh<Me nnliirv nnil cotmliy 
(MipptBcd to be Sumoira) have been coniiilered in Nolc (M to Chapter xx. ; but in 
thii iiiitauce m fiuiL liiin cuuiiUlvrfil lu h Mfiriil, whirh in proiHrly lui evil Jiiinva 
of (be niovt powerful clnM. SoRiv iitli^r incident* in ih« pniMnt talo will be foand 
to be n«Brt)' ihc tninc m certain evcnti in tike Voyagu of C«-Sijidib4d of the S«a. 

NOTSSO. 
Sc« Not« 3t) to CbRpbrr xx. 

TbBM vnwt, 1 fiNpeet. m* by Miiie SooFif fotU S«e Not* tOS to Cliaiit«r x. 

Note 32. 

Ilerr, nnd oftenirard*, I rcail " kctek" (n roA), w ill the Broluu Mlition, battail 

ul' " I'utli." vrliick lignifieii " a nhip" or other TfMiwI. 

NoTB 3.r 

In my otiginol, " with the mnainitiK mcnJooL" I have «cn«ctcd lbt> 
puttagr, and nocithcr nftctwanls in the name maimer, on lite outhori^ of the 
Itrealau edition. 

NoTK a-i. 
Heie ^■in I adopt a reading of the Brexku edition. 

H«rB3S. 

On tliJK jiiuiuige, my Hh'ykb bft* written iipnii Ibv margin of my original, 
" Were they Jvwi ! If this were not in the lime of Sulcymlin, it might be iDiU, 
that lh««e apfiD were ihir Jcwa wbu wvre tmr)arunn«d wi the day «f thvir tnui>gn'>- 
•Joii with rftpect tn ihi' S«bbatb." Thew nr* iiieiiElnn«d in tht ulity-flml \en« 
l/thn weond chapter of the fkiir-An. and, ai utatrd by Sale, were mme dxllen at 
^yleh (m £ladi}, on the Hed Sen, wbo lived in the time of David, and were trant- 
fcrmad Into apw fbr cHlchiii); liih un ibv }i)ihbulb. Aflvr mnaining in lli!» con- 
dition ihrre day*, ihi'y wi'ro iUntr<Fycd by a u iiiil uhii'li >wi'|)( tbcni sll into the tea. 
— liut it nppenn friiiii what in Hn<rwnrilx xialed in Trtbulien'n vmian, that by 
tlieie ope* llie author inti-nd> the denecndanli of a remnant of the tribe of 'A'd. 
At the time of the ({'n""! destruction of this tribe (ini-nlioned in Note 37 to 
Compter ii.), u couipuiy hr1un|;iri(; lu it hnd golJ*^ \u Mekkth to prny for rain ; and 
th« prnuiu c'uiupottng thiw i'-uni|iHtiy, or tli«tr di'm-i'lldiilitit, w«rc aArrwnrdi trant- 
foniipd by God into apv>. (Sou rucuvk'a Spvu. IliaU Arab., cd. 1»0C, pp. 
36 and 37. 

NoTK 26. 

In Biy original, " thcii itlaHth." 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTY<FOUilT[l. 
NotB 37. 



361 



Tbe wordi reiidervd " Anil «n Hhnndniicil well, uid a lofty palacp," an frvui 
tlia fotly-f-nitlh vvrtD nf ihr. Iwcnly-atcnnd cliaptct of the Kiir-^n. Tlivy lav 
villier miaiuuWrilnod, or pur]K»rly niiiapplicd, by the author of tlic tale ; the tnie 
OManing boinfc. " And [how many] a well [hath been] abandoned, and [hnw 
many] a lofty puluce I " Othrn, houicviT, hiivi^ iriiiiiinderiil/iod thciti, aiid ^'ivrii 
to iheni ■ pHrticulaT »|)plicnlioii. " The Oricnlal gi'i.gr)i|ihi>ni," obn^rrfs Von 

Haminrr,* "ilalelhmo plaett [culled in Arabic 'el-Bccr cl-Mo'atlaUU' and '«l- 
KafT rJ-Mubftnd't] lo be in the province of Undimmfit, and wc wait for a new 
Kicfauhr to inform lu wh.it an the inonunn'nls or the ruiiu tbui called. *'— 

' Yifith" aiid " Noul/' nrv ihc nnmiui which wi- Mritc " Juphelh"and*'NM)L" 

Notb 38, 

The word in my original ii ''ecwAn; " but thi> nicani here, ai my >h#ykli ta* 
noted, what ia now commcniy caUcd a "Iccwin." Il hoi been described in Note 
13 V) OmpttT ill. 

Nora 30. 

"D&let," which ri^nillN "brtime," "empire," &c., t (uppMe to bt> here llie 
proper name; and "Kh^loon" (i.r. Lady,) a title Eubjoined in the Tutkioh 
maiUKT. 

Xora 40. 

By "llie city of Sanundeeb" w« must uiidcrnaiid the capital of the udond of 
Ceylon. 

Note II, 

'•EI^Kulium" b iJia ancJMit "Clytma," vlieuca tbe B«d ScaiacoUcd "Ui« 
Sea of El- Kulium." 

Hon 42. 

Sm No(« 28 to ChapltT X., and Note 6 to Cha|iteT xxiii. 

Nora 43. 

From the tcquel, at well at frooi what hui bwn laid above in Note 37, tl 
appear* that lUa ia meant a a Calwliood of the Jinnee, la decdre tha lady. 

Kon44. 

The word* ''and remnincth with mp three day*," Sic. arc omitted in the Cairo 
edition. 1 have nipplied them from the edition of Btetku. 

Note IS. 

"FoTi hod (be remembered her, probably *bc had i.^<niie to her, at «be w«) a 
■•■•t 

■ KOM la Tltbaanft Tdilea. Uuu iL pud* IH. ^^^k 

t " Mt» h iid* fntnDf (IfBttn " iilHUt«]i~ bat la tb* >MT*-ni«illiiacd mx «( t)w I(iir4n. Ii ^^^H 

It tjntmynum ultb "mabilrta,' itfnliyina "Mlj.* In ibc CoDOMBIvy if tte JilUQa, Il k M- i 

I Mwaiiut Dels b| m} kbcfU. 



8B3 



MOTES TO CHAPTER TWENTY- FOUKTH. 



Nun 46. 

"I^llin" I ffiippo** to be tlir n»me of the 'Urrecl. In llie BtmUd vdJtioii 
llllirritt«D"KMiim." 

Note 47- 

Tli« vord Tot vhieh I write "coffer" U here, in mj ongiiial, "\i\>a3f" itr 
" tibik 1 " but afltrwardi, "tiboot." 

NoTi: 18. 

B«re again, aa in th« batancet meutiuiitd aboT«v in Net* 3t, "Mk. " ia [lul lit 
my original tor "kelek." 

NoTK 49. 

He put ilio twonl hetween liimnolf and ihc Indy fVom a niolire of inodciijr aiBd 
reapcct. 

Note SO. 

Tlir word rendered "lying" (■ "ail;*'." My »heyk1i aiippa«e< It to be* vulgar 
word derived from "nakoeK," for "fakoeil," nhjch significi "haar-IVoil:" but I 
imajpne thM tht word "|4ke'," i.e. "lying," or "nUiiT," had ucapcd \m memory 
at the time of bin roading tlUa paauge. 

Note 61. 

Tliii city aiid burbuur I aup)Kne to be imaginary. Tlie uhiiic of the fnTraer Ii 
derived from " 'emAroli," which nigniflci* "the being inhnhilcil," &c.: llintoflbe 
latter may be rendered "the lurkiiig-ploce of the two ■coa," or " — of tlic province 
colled ['U-Balircyn." In the Brcalau edition, the ci^ it called "'Amlb;" nnd 
the harbour, "Ueyn el-Ba|^yn." 

NOTB «X 

Thii name, I rather ihuik, *hould be " 'Alee el-Hulk," or " High in Dominion." 

NoTc S3. 
"Ma'een cd-Dccn" ligniliea "Aider of the Religion." 

KoTK m. 

"'Shoom' ia a kind of tough wood of which are mode (mall davei whercwitli 
are driven."* Sir Gardner Wilkiiiion informs me that it i« oab. 



NOTB Si. 

Ill Trfbuti#n'» vpMton, thh cannibal i* here called (lome !L p^# 168) " OouU 
KU-Kenioun ; '■ and the following note by Von Hommcr ii subjoined. "There 
wa> tiD ufmI of ihia niuiililude uf iiuuie lo prove tliat all lliis episode ii a manlfeat 
imitaliuii of the lutvenlures uf Ul^awa in (he cave uf Pulj-pbemus, and that tbia 
latter ii [bf iiaine as Gout-EIi-Fvnioun ; which induces the belief thai the Arab* 
hare been acquoialcd with the pocniti of Homer." Dut lusy not tlie aloryoT 
ClyaMi and Polyphemus have been of Eaitern origin? — Nolea 30 and i'i lo 
C3i^t«T SX. will serve to ilh»trate tlie accuuiit of the Ghool in the pr«(«nt tale. 

* Mutlnil nub bf nijr tbrrU, 



NOTES TO CHAPTER TWESTV-rOURTII. 
Nan Oe. 



86S 



In the Bradau cditinn, the lUp b not wrecked, btii convey* Si.'*d, with the 
Otbn paneiigcn, Mfcly to the city where Seyf «l-M»](iok Sndt him. 

NoTB 37. 

Iiutend or " cnchimting. cruel tye," we may, m my (heykh obtervei^ react, 
■' enchanting eyccf u Jiiuicejeh." 

Note 38. 

■ iijPor the ulaty of Siileyiniln nnd Bnlkeci m Bilkeci (whom t hnvc mentioned 
^wHn, in Note -i), tee the Iwenly-si'veiilh cbujitn of Ihe Jjiui-in, wid Snle'» notes. 

NoT« 50. 
The action here d««cribed ii one indicative of extreme tubmLuion. 

NOTN BO. 

In ihe Drnlaii cdilian, ShnhyAI i> here very propeily mode lo say, " Doit thou 
not know ihntaiingic human being i>, with God, belter than allioiiaand Jinnees!" 

NoiK «I. 
Thin Mnttnec i* from tlic BreBtau edition. 





CHAPTER XXV. 

COMMENCING WITH PART OF THR SRVEH UUNDRBD AND 8SVENTV> 
ElOtlTlI NIOIIT, AMD ENDINO WITH PART OP THB RIGHT UUN- 
OS.EO AND TlMRTY-lrlllST. 



THE STORY OF I.IASAN OF EI.-BASRAH.' 

Tiirhf was, in ancient limes, a certain merchant residing; in 
£1-Bafrah, and that mcrchaut had two nuile ctiildrcn, and great 
wvalth. And it happcncdi ta Qoi, who lienrfth nnd knowcth, 
decieed, that the inL-rcliant was admiltetl to the inercv of Gwd 
(whose name be exalted !), and left that wealth. So his two sons 
betook themselves to prepare him for the grave and to buiy him ; 
afttT whieli tliey divided tlic wealth between tliem equaUy, and 
each of them took liU portion, and they opened for tlieni.se tvea two 
shops. One of them was a dealer in copper-wares, and the other 
was a goldsnuth. 



THE STORY OF flASAN OF EL-HA?RAH. 



880 



Now while the j^ultkinitli was sitting in hi* sliop, one iay, lo, a, 
Foreian walked al<mg the market-street among the people until he 
came to the *h«p of tin; young goldsmith, when he looked nt liis 
work, and cxAininod il knowingly, and it pleasted him. Anil the 
name of liio young goldsmith was Iliisan. Then the Persian sltook 
his hoad, iin<l naid, ])y Allah, tliou art an excellent goldsmith 1 
And he proceeded to look at hia work, while he (tlie young man) 
wail looking al Hn old Iniok that was ui his hand, and itie people 
were occupied with the contempUtion of his beauty and loveliness 
nod his stature and jtistiims of form. And when the time of after- 
noon-prayers arrived, (he shop was quilted by tlie people, and 
thereupon the Persian accosted Hasan and said to hiui| O my son, 
thou art a comely young man. What in this book ? J have not a 
son, and I know an art than which there is none hotter that is prac- 
tised in the world. Xumhi-nf of pi^uplc have asked me to teach it 
them, and J would not teach it to niiy one of them ; but my soul 
bath consented that I should teach it to thee, and make thee 
my son, and put a barrier between thee and poverty ; so tlioii shall 
rest from this work and labouring with the hanuner and the char- 
coal and the fire. — Hasan therefore said to him, O my master, and 
when wilt thou teach me i He replied, To-morrow I will conic to 
thee, and will mnkc for thee, of copper, pure gold in tliy presence. 

Upon tliis, Hasan rejoiced, and he bade farewell to the Pcraan, 
Riid went to his mother. He entered, and saluted her, and ate with 
her; but he was stupified, without memory or intellect. So his 
motlicr said to him, What is the uuittcr with thee, O my son ! 
Beware of listening to tlie words of the people ; especially the Per> 
sians ; and comply not with their counsol in aught ; for these people 
are great deceivcns, who know the art of alchemy, and trick people, 
and take their wealth and devour it by means of fiilse pretences. — 
But he replied, O my mother, we are poor people,* and wc have 
nothing to l>e cuvett^d, tliat any one should trick us. A Pentian 
liath come to mc ; but he is a virtuous sheykl), bearing marks 
of virtue, and God hath inclined him towards me. — And tliereupon 
Iiis mother kept silence in her anger ; and her son became busied in 
heart : sleep visited him not that ntght by reason of tlie violence of 
his joy at what the Pcruan had said to him. And when llie morn- 
ing came, he rose, took the keys, and opened the shop ; and lo, tLe 



T«l.. til. 



» D 



386 



THE STORY OF HASAN OF RL.BASRAH. 



Persian approached him. So he rose to him, and doand to kiss 
bis hands : hut tho Persian refused, and would not consent to bis 
doing that ; and said, O Hiutan, pn-pare the crucible, and place the 
bellows. He thfrrforc did as itic Persian ordered him, and lifjhtpd 
tile charcoal; after vrhidi Uie FerxLin said to him, O mv »>n, hast 
thou by thee any copper ? He answered, I bare a broken plate. 
Ami hf ordered him to press upon it with the shears, aiiil to cut >t 
into smalt pieces; and he did as he told him. lie cut it iuto small 
pieces, and threw it into tbc cnicibl«, and biw upon it with the 
bellows uiilil it became lifgtiid; when the Persian put his hand to 
his turban, and took forth from it n paper folded up, which he 
opened, niid lie sprinkled somn of its contents into the crucible, as 
much as half a drachm. That thing resembled yellow kohl:' aud 
he ordered Hasan to blow upon it with the bellows; and he did as 
he ordered him until the contents of the crucible became a lump of 
gold. So when llnsan beheld this, he was stupified, and bis mind 
was confounded by reason of tJie joy that he exporieticed. He took 
the lump and turned it over, aud he took the file an<l fded it, 
and saw it to be piire gold, of the very best qiuillty. His reason 
fled, and he was stupifled by reason of tbc violence of his joy. 

Then he bent down 

^i^M «ver the hand of 
the Pentian to kiss 
it; and the Persian 
said to him. Take 
this lump, and gi> 
down with it into 
tlie market, and acU 
it, and take its price 
quickly, without 
speaking. Accord- 
ingly Hasan went 
ilowu into the mar- 
ket, and gave the 
lump to the broker, 
who took it of him, 
iiiid ruhb(-d it [on 
ihf louelistonc], 




THE STORY OF HASAN OF EL-BASRAH. 



m 



and found it to be pure ({old. They opened ihc bidding for it at 
tlic suiu of ten tlioti^aiul pivccK of silver, iind tlii^ in«re1iant3 
inureiured their olfers for it so Uutt he sold it for Jlftcen tliousand 
pieces of silver. 

He ri:c<;ivc<l JtH pricv, Mid went huuio, and rclntcd to lux mother 
all that he hod done, saying to her, O my mother, [ have Icamt this 
art. But she laughed a: him, and said, There is no strength nor 
power but iu Ond, the High, the tirt-at \ And the kept silence in 
her anger. Then Haauii, in his ignoruiicc, toolc a brass mortar, and 
went witli it to the Persian, who was sitting in the shop, mid put it 
bcfurt; him. So he* xuid to him, O my mm, what deNire»t thou to du 
with this mortar? He answered. We will put ii into the 6re, and 
make it into lumps of gold. And the Persian laughed, and sitid to 
bin), O my son, art thou mad, tliat thou would.it go down uilo the 
market with two lunipa in one day i Knowcat thou not that the 
j>eople would sunpect us, and that our lives would Iw lostl .' But, 
O my son, when I have taught thee this art, do not thou practise it 
iu B year more than once; for that will suOice thee from year to 
year. — And Ilosan rei>lietl. Thou hiwt fpyki-ii truth, O my master. 
Then he sat in the shop, and put on llie crucible, and tlircw the 
charcoal into the fire. The Persian therefore said to him, O my 
son, what dost thou desire? He answered. Teach me tikis art. 
But the Persian laughed, and naid, There is no strength nor power 
but in God, the High, the Great I Thou, O my son, art of little 
»cn»(?. Thou art not Miited for this art at all. Dotli any one 
in liis life learn this art iu the beaten way, or in the markets? For 
if we occupy ourselves with It in this place, the people will say of 
us. Verily llu-se are prtictising alchemy ; — smd the niagiitrate* will 
bear of us, and our lives will be lost. If therefore, O u\y son, thuu 
dcaircst to learn this art, repair with me to my house. — So Ilosan 
aroM and closed hix sliop, luid went witit the Pcntian. But while 
he was on the way, he remembered the words of his mother, and 
revolved in his mind a thousand thoughts ; luid he stopped, hanging 
down his head towiutls lite ground for some tune ; whereupon the 
Persian looked aaide, and, seeing liim stopping, laughed, and said to 
him, Art thou nifid ? How is it that 1 purpose iu my heart to do 
thee good, and thou imagiiiest that 1 will injure thee ?^Theii tlie 
Persian said to him, If thou be idroid to go witli me to my house, I 



388 



TIIF. STORV OF HASAN OF EL-BASRAH. 



will go with thcc to thy liouse, and will tv«cl) tliec tliere. So 
l^iuan replied, Y», O uncle. And tbe Persi&n said to him, Walk 
before me. 

Ha«an therefore went on before him to his abode, mtd tfaa 
Pcntian followed him until be arrived there, when Hasan entered 
his houac, and found his mother, and informed her of the Persian'* 
arrival with biin, while the Persian stood at titc door. So aha 
funiished fur them the diamber, and put it in order, and when ahfi 
had finished her nlTair, she went away. Then I^asan gave permis- 
sion ti) the Persian to enter, and he entered; and Hasan, having 
taken in his liand a plate, went with it to the market to bring in it 
something to cut. He went forth, and brought some food, and put 
it bolbre him, saying to him. Bat, O my master, that tlic bond of 
biosd «nd salt may be established between u«; and may God 
(whoM came be exalted !) execute vengeance upon him who is un- 
faithful to the bond of bread and salt ! And the Persian said to him, 
Thou hast spoken truth, O my son. Then he smiled, and said, () my 
■on, who knowelh tbe due estimation of bread and salt ?' And the 
Persian advanced, and ate with Hasan until they were satisfied; 
when he soid to him, O my son, O Hasan, bring for us some sweet- 
meat, llasan therefore went to the market, and brought ten cups' of 
sweetmeat ; and he was rejoiced at the words of the Persian. And 
when he presented to him the sweetmeat, he ate of it, and Hasan 
at« with him. The Persian then said to him, May Ood recompense 
thee well, O my son! With such a one as tliou art should men 
associate, and him should they acquaint with their secrets, and 
teach what will profit bim. — And he said, O Hasan, bring the 
apparatus. And Hasan scarcely believed these words, when he 
went forth like the colt dismissed to the spring- pasturage, and 
proceeded until he arrived at the shop, and he took the apparatus 
and returned, and placed it before him. The Persian tlicreupon 
took forth A piece of paper, and said, O Hostm, by the bread and 
salt, wert thou not dearer than mj son, 1 would not acquaint thee 
with this art. There rcmalneth not in my posscssioti aught of this 
elixir mvc tlie contents of tliis paper. But olKterte when I com- 
pound the simples and put them before thco ; and know, O my son. 
O Hasan, tliat thou must put, to every ten pounds of copper, half a 
drachm of this which is in the paper, and the ten pounds will 



THE STORY OF HASAN OF KLBASKAir. 



389 



become pure, unalloyed gold. — Then he stiid lo liim, O my son, 

Hasan, in tliis paper ttrc tliree ouncini, of Egyptian weight ; and 
aftvr th« contents of tliis paper are exhausted, I will make for thcc 
more. And Hasan took the paper, and saw in it somclhing yellow, 
finer than tho first ; and he itaid, O my niostcT, what is the name of 
this, and when- h it fuund, and in what is it made? Upon this, tho 
Persian laughed, and longed lo get possession of Ilasan, and said to 
him. Respecting whal iltist thou ask ? Do tiic wfirk iiiiil he silent. 
— And he took forth a cup belonging lo the hou§e, cut it uj>, and 
threw it into the crucible, and threw upon it a little of what was in 
the paper, whereupon it became a lump of pure gold. So when 
Hasan beheld this, he rejoiced exceedingly, and became perplexed 
in his mind, entirely occupied by niediuilion upon that lump of gold. 

The Persian tlien hastily took forth a packet from his turban, 
cut it open, and put it into a piece of the sweetmeat, and said to 
him, O Kiisan, llion hast become my son, and hast become dearer 
to me than my soul and my wealth, and I have a daughter to whom 

1 will marry thee. Hasan replied, I am thy page, and whataorvcr 
thou doMl witii me, it will be a deposit with God, whose name be 
exalted! And the Persian said, O my son, have patience, and 
restrain thyself, and good fortune will bolide thee. Then ho 
handed to him the piece of sweelnieat, and he took it, and kisxed 
liis hand, and put it into his mouth, not knowing what was secretly 
decreed to befall him. He swallowed the piece of swcetjneat, and 
his head sUiik down before hit feet, and he became lost to the 
world ; and when the Persian saw that the calamity had come upon 
him, he rejoiced exceedingly. Rising upon bis feet, he wild to him, 
Thou haat diilen into tlie sjmre, O young wretch ! O do^ of the 
Arabs! For many years have I been searcliing for tlice, until I 
got thee, O I;[aNan ! — He then girded himself, and tied Ilasan 's hands 
behind his back, and bound hb feet to his hands ; after which he 
took a chest, emptied it of the things that were in it, put ^asan 
into it, and locked it upon him. He emptied also another chest, 
and put into it all the ^veulth that was in Hiuun's abode, with the 
lump of gold that ho had made, and, baring locked it, he went 
forth running to the market, and brought a porter, carried off the 
two chests, and drew near to the moored vessel. That venc] was 
fitted out for the Persian, and her master was expecting him : so 



390 



THt STUltY OF HASAN 09 E^BASRAH. 



whcii her crew saw 
hjni, tbey came lo 
bim, and carried the 
two clu-«t», aiid put 
them on board thv 
sliip. Tbc Persian 
tliei) cried out to the 
master and to all tlie 
Ml I on, suyi ng to tbom , 
Riaeye! The afialr 
ia accomplished, and 
we have attained our 
(k-sire. — The master 
therefore cried out to 
the euilors, and md 
to tlieni, Pull up tbu 
anchors, and loose the 
sails! And the ship 
proceeded with a fair 
vrind. — Such was the cmc witli the Persian and Hasan. 

Bui as to the mother of Hasan, she remained expecting hun 
until nightfall, and heard nn sound of him nor an^ tidings wluitcver- 
Tlien she came to the house, and saw it open, and beheld not in it 
any one, o«r found the ch(.«t« nor the wealth. She tliereforc knew 
tliat her son was lost, and that fate had taken efiect upon hJui ; and 
she slapped her face, and rent her garments, cried out and wailed, 
and began to say. Oh, my Kon! Oh, the delight of my heart!— 
And she recited these verses : — 




My pativiicc bMth Gulcd, wid my duquietudc b «xe«iHivr, and cxcewi** b tiiy 

wiillliig riiieii yuur alitvnce, tuid my diavsar ! 
No imlicncc u left to mp, by AIkh, ibcc yon ijuitlcd me ! How can I bcw 

the lou of tlic object of my hope J 
Aftvr tlm lou of niy belovi-d, bow can I dvligUt in tlevp I .\nil who I* h* 

that can cajoy a life of abucmcnt.' 
Tliou liuil goiii-, and nifldr lb* kouiv and \\a fiiuiily dMobite, ftud my cl*U 

ili'uii)(hli thoii but rcndcruil tmbid. 
Tliou wait mine aid in ct-cry odvcrniy, and my glory and my honoui amon); 

■i>u>ikind, uiid my reliancv. 
Cnni^'-'llci] lir llio dny Hbvrcon thou wasl tskra anay ft^in ni) ligbl, until I 

)cc lliv'v ri'luni tu mc! 



THE STORY OF HASAN OF Et^BASRAH. 



391 



S)i(> continued to weep antl wnil till the tnoniiiig, when the neigh- 
bours came in to her, and asked her respecting her son, and sho 
infonn<.-cl them of that whicli had happened to him with the Persian. 
She felt certain tliat she should never see him afLt-r that, and went 
nhout the hou«c weeping ; and while she thus went about, 1o, she 
saw two lines written upon the wall : wherefore^ slic brought » 
Fnlj;ech, who read them to her; and they were these: — 

LojrU'* phantom cnmc by m'slit, when dn>wainc>i hnd ovRrcomtt mp, lowDtd* 
vwnung, while my romiianicnn wcrp BU'('|)in); in the darrl; 

Diit wlif II wc nwoltf to lH'hol<l iliu iiiglitl}' phanUm, I tsw tlkv nir vticant, and 
ihf place of viaiUttion tru diatunl.' 

So when the mother of Hasan heard these verses, she called out 
and said, Yes, O my sou ! Verily the house is desolate, and the 
place of visitation is distant! — Then the neighbours bade her 
r^ri-wetl, after they had prayed for her that she might have patience, 
and that she miglit soon experience a reunion, and departed. But 
the mother of Hasini ceased not to woep during the liours of the 
night and tlic periods of thf day; and she built in the midst uf 
the bouse a tomb, on which she inscribed the name of Ha«an, with 
the dale of his loss. She quitted not that tomb ; and such waa 
her habit incessantly from the time that her son was separated 
from her. 

Now again as to her son Hasan with tlic Persiim — Tliis Persian 
was a Magian : he hated the Muslim* greatly, and whenever he got 
power over any one of them, he destroyed him. He was a wicked, 
vile alchemist, sxich as tlic poet hutli thus di'wcribed: — 

Hb h a 4ag, a ilog'i ion. and * dog wot btB gnmdnre ; and no good I* In a 
dog, the iaaue <ita dog. 

TItc name of that accursed wretch was Bahrani the I&gias, and he 
i»ed every yt^ar to take a Muslim and to slaughter him over a 
hidden treasure.' And when hi» stratagem was accomplished 
against Hasan the galdsmith, and he had proceeded with him from 
the commencement of day until night, the »liip moored on the 
shore till morning ; and at sunrise, when the ship continued her 
course, the Persian ordered his block aiavc* and his {>age3 to bring 
to him tlie chest in which was Hasan. So they brought it to him, 
and he opened it, and took him forth from it. He Ihen |>oured 



^ 



THE STOKY OF IjASAN OP EI^BASRAH. 



•ome vinegar into his tiottrilM, «ni] blew a powder into lus nose ; 
wh<^rrti{K)n tie sneezed, and romited the benj, and, ofwning his 
eyes, he looked to the right and left, and found himself in lite 
midst of the sra, the ship in its coune, aitd the Pertian sitting by 
him. He Iberefore knew that it was a stratagem practtsed agaimt I 
him, that the accursed Magian had done it, and that he had fkUen 
into the calamity against which his mother had ouitioncd him. So 
he pronounced the words of which tlte utterer is secure from confu- 
sion, and which arc these : — There U no strength nor power but in 
God, the Hij^li, tlie Great! Verily to God we belong, and verily 
unto Him we return 1 O Allah, act graciously with me in tliinc 
appointment, and make me to endure with patience thine affliction, 

Lord of nil creatures! — Ttien looking towards the Persian, h« 
spoke to him with soft words, and said to liin], O my father, what arc 
tlicse deeds, and where is thy respect for the bread and salt and the 
oath that thou sworest to me ? But he looked nt him and said to 
him, O dog, doth such a one as myself know an obligation imposed 
by brc4ul and sail ? I have sUin a thousand youths like thee, saTe 
one youth, and tliou shalt complete the thousand.--And he cried 
out at him ; so he was silent, and he knew that the arrow of Gite 
had pierced him. 

The accursed then gave orders to loose his bonds j after which 
they gave him to drink a little water, wliilc the Magian laughed, 
and said) By the fire nnd the liglit and the shade and tlie heat. 

1 did not im^itie tliat tliuu wuuldst fall into my net ; but the fire 
strengthened mc against thee, and aided mc to seize thee, tluit 
I might accomplish my ulTair, and return, and make tliee a sacrifice 
to it, thai it might be pleased with me. So Hasan replied, Tliou 
host been unfaithful to the bond of bread and sah. And upou this 
llie Mogian raised liis hand and gave him a blow, and he fell, and 
bit the deck with his teeth, and fainted, his tears running down his 
cheek. Tlie Mnginii then ordered that they should light for him a 
fire; tlierefore Hasan said to him, What wilt thou do with it.' Uo 
answered him, This is the fire, that etnittctb light and sparks, and 
it is what I worship ; nnd if thou wilt worship it as I do, I will give 
thee half my wealth, and niui-ry to thee my daughter. But Hosan 
cried out at him, and said to liini. Wo to thee ! Tltou art surely an 
infidel M.-igi)in : thou worshippest the Bn instead of the Almi^^^ 



THE STORY OF yASAN OF EL-BASIUII. 



ass 



King, tfac Creator of the nigbt aitd tlie day, and tliii U nought but an 
cWl among religions. — And thereupon the Magian was enraged, and 
laid, Wilt tliou not agree with nif, O dog of the Arabs, nn<l em- 
brace my religion r Dul Hasan agreed not with him lliorein. And 
the accursed Iblagian arose, and prostrated liimself to the fire, and 
ordered his young men to throw Ilasan down upon his face. So 
they tlirew him domi upon his face, an<l the Magian proceeded to 
beat him witli a whip of plaited thungs until he lacerated his sides, 
while he cried for aid, but was not aided, and implored protection, 
but none protected him; and he raised Ills eye to the Avenging 
King, snd cndoaTourcd to propitiate Him by appealing to the 
Clwsen Prophet H« liad lost patience, his tears ran down upon 
his clieeks like rain, and he recited these two verses: — 

I Till «ndure nitli palicncc, O my Lord, nbat Thou hut otdcrcd. 1 will l>o 

patirnt, if *u I may oblnin lliiiii' ajiprnviil. 
Thoy have t)'ninniicil over m, and Irnnsgrcated, and commanded. Perhap*. 

in thy bcncficencp. Thou will pnrdaa what ia pnit. 



^ 



Then the Magian ordered the slaves to make liim sit, and to bring 
him some food and druik. So they brouglit it; but he would 
not eat nor drink. Tlic Magian proceeded to torture him night 
and day during the voyage, while he endured with patience, and 
bumbled himself to God (to whom be ascribed might and gloiyl)) 
and tile heart of the Magian was hardened against him. 

They ceased not to pursue their voyage over the sea for « period 
of three months, during which Hawaii continued to suffer torture 
from the Magian; but when the three months were completed, 
Ood (whose name be exaltedt) sent against the ship a wind, and l)ie 
sc« bec4ime hinck, niuil tossed the ship witli violence by reason of 
the greatness of tlie wind. And thereupon the master and the 
sailors said, This, by Allah, is all occasioned by the crime com- 
mittcd against this young man, who liath been for lliree months 
mJTering torment from this Magian, and this is not allowed by God, 
whose name be exalted ! Then tliey rose against the Magian, and 
slew his young men and nil who were with him. So when tlie 
Magian saw tlwit they had slain tiie young men, he made sure of 
detrtructlon, and feared for himself; whcrcfcH'« he loosed liastui 
from his bonds, pulled off from him the tattered garments lliat were 
'oi.. III. 3 a 



394 



THE STORV OF IJASAN OF EL-BASBAH. 



upon him, and cla<] him witli alh<;ra; &n(i he made peace with hioii 
pmaojang that he would teach him the art, and restore him to his 
country, and said to him, O my son, blame me not for that which I 
liavcr (lone unto thee. But Hii»an snid (o him, H»w can 1 any 
longer rely upon thee ? He rejoined, O my son, were it Dot for 
offence, there were no such thing as pardon; and I did not unto 
thee these deeds nave for the purpose of my seeing iJiy paticitee; 
and tliou knowest that the case is wholly in the hand of God. Tho 
aailors, therefore, and the master, rejoiced at his release, and HiMii 
prayed for tliem, and prniK-d God (whose name he exalted !), uid 
thanked Him. Then Uie winds hecanii.- Kt.illetl, tlic darkness WM 
withdrawn, and tbo wind and the voyage became pleasanL And 
J^asou snid to the Miigian, O Persian, whither rcpairest thou t He 
answered, O my son, I am going to the ^fountain of the Clouds, oa 
which is the elixir wherewith we practise alchemy. And the 
Magian swore to him by tbo fire and the light that he no longer 
meditated to do to l^asan aught that might frighten him. So the 
heart of Hasitn wm comforted ; he was n-joiced at Uie word* of the 
Ma^an, and proceeded to eat with him, and drink and sleep ; and 
the Magioo clad him with his own apparel. 

They continued tlicir voyage for three months more; after 
which, the vessel moored on a long const, ull of it composed of peb- 
bles, white and yellow and blue and black and of every other colour. 
And when the vessel moored, the Persian rose, and said, O Hasan, 
arise and land; for we have arrived at the place of our desire and 
our wish. So Hasan arose and landed witli tlie Persian, and the 
Magian charged the master to attend to his affiiirs. Then Hasan 
walked on with the Magian until they were Ear from the ship, and 
had disappeared from before tlie eyes of the crcw; whereupon the 
Magian seated himself, and took forth from his pocket a drum of 
copper, and a plectrum* of silk worked with gold and bearing tolJs- 
ntauK, and he heat the drum; and when he beat it, tlivre appeared 
a dusl from the further part of the desert. Hasan tlierefore won- 
dered at his action, and feared him ; arul he repented of his having 
landed with him, and his complexion changed. So ujion this the 
Magian looked at lilm and said to him. What aiielh thee, O my sonf 
Dy the lire and the light, thou hast notliiiig to fear from me; and 
were it not tlmt my affair cannot "be accomplished save by thy means, 



^^^^^^ THE STORY OF ItASAN 


OF EI^BA^KAH. 805 ^^^| 


^^ I linil not brouglit tlioc out Gront 


""^st^KM. ~ ^1 


L Ok sliip. Hejoic* at the prospect 


^i^WKS^^^N> ^1 


^B of cverythiag ti;ood. ThUdiixtis 


-^a^SaHBHteas, ^H 


^H Uic duBt occanioned by a thing 


^^wHH|H||^k ^I 


^H tliat w« shall inount, nnd it will 


^^H^^^^BKr ^1 


^H aid us to cross this desert, and 


^^"i^^H^BSfk ^1 


^H will render e&sy unto us the in- 


^j^R^Ritfr)^!^ ^^M 


^H eonvcuieiice thereof. — And but a 


''^nn tlip ll^^' ^^^1 


^H little while had elapsed when the 


^' M^KJ^^S^'^ ^1 


^H dust dispersed nnd discovered 


1^' aKF^^MJS^**^ ^1 


^^L tlirce excellent she-camels. Then 
^^M the Persian mounted one of them. 


^^' ^»nH^J> 


■ 


m'^^W ''"' " h^ 


■ 


^H and llosan mounted one, and they 


ffir^, ■■■-■' %, 


■ 


^H put their pToviHions on the third; 


^bB^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^N^^vT '- 




r^^^^^^^^^^^^^Vv- 


^^^1 


^^L and they proceeded for seven 


lnj^^^^|E|H^B& wiuSf ' ^^^H 


^^1 days, after which they came to an 


^H extensive tract; and when tlicy 


^^^^^^BE'^^k ^^i 


^^^^klighted ut that tract, they hc- 


^^^^Bjv ^I 


^^^^Tlivld a cupoU constructed upon 


^^^^^Hfl[> _^^l 


^H four columns of red gold. They 


^^^^^Hh ^^H 


^H alighted from the she-camels, and, 


b^^HMh ^H 


^H having entered beneath tlie cu- 




^H pola, ute and drank and r<-sted; 


WViH^ ^^H 


^H and Hasan happened to look 


pf' >G nl^^^tf' ^^1 


^H aude, and he »aw something 


iJP ^H^K '^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^1 


^H lofty: so ho said to tlie Mxigian, 


Jll^^M ^^^B ^1 


H What is this, O unelc? The Ma- 


1^ ' ■,^^^mm ^^H ^^1 


^H gian answered, This is a palace. 


aH^^^^K^I^jl^K ^1 


^V And HuMUi said to liini. Wilt 


f '^IhO^ I 


^H thou not arise that wc may enter 


^H it to rest ourselves in it and to 


IfcL^^ ijfe^i^ ^H 


^H divert ounelven with tlic sight uf 


,f^^^^'-' i-^:^^.-:f-^ *.'^ ^M 


^H it? Hut tite Magian upon tliis 


^1 


^H went away, saying to him, Mentiou 


not to me this palace j for in it ^^M 


^H is my enemy, and with him there 


happened to me an event of ^^H 


^H which this is not the lime to inform 


thee. ^^H 


^^^^ Then lie beat the drum, and the she-camels approaclied: so ihey ^^M 


^^^H ntountccl ; and lliey proceeded for seven dxys morej aud when tlie ^H 



THE STORY OK HASAN OF EHIASKAH. 



eighth day arrived, lh« MagiAn said, O Hnsan, wlmt is it ihat ihou 
seest? Hasan answered, I sec ulouds and mists between the east And 
the west. And tlie Ma^an replied. This is not clouds nor mists ; 
but it is a great, lofty mountain, whereon the clotids divide, ami 
there are not an; clouds above it, on account of ita excessive height 
and vast elevation. This mountain is the object of my denre, uid 
upon !t is that which wo want. For the sake of this 1 hrouglit thee 
with me, and my affair will hi; accoinpliNlu^d by tiiy nicajis. — So 
thereupon Hasan despaired of life. He then said to the Magion, 
By the object of thy worship, and by what thou bclievcst in thy 
religion, what is the thing on account of which thou hast brought 
me? And he answered him. The art of alchemy will not succeed 
saro by mcona of an herb that gioweth in the place where the 
clouds pass, and on which they ar3 separated; and it is this moun- 
tain : the herb is upon it ; and when we hnvc obtained the herb, I 
will shew thee what is this art. And Hasan replied, bj reascm of 
his fear, Yes, O my master. He had despaired of life, and he wept 
on account of his separation from his mother and his family and 
his home, repenting of hia having opposed his mother, aJid recited 
these two verses:— 

Con*idcr ili« dainf[K of thy Lord, liov happinan comtih unlo Ihta, wlili 

ipcedv relicri 
And dupnir nut wli«n ihou siiIIVtvsI alHictioni fat how manjr wntidtotu 

mmciai allond nffliclkm 1 

They cejiscd not to proceed until they arrived at that mountain, 
and stopped beneath it, when Hasan saw upon that mountain s 
palace: so he said to the Magian, What is this palace? And the 
Ms^an answered. This is the abode of the Jan and_ the Glioola 
ami the Dfvil.*,* Then the Magian alighted from his camel, and 
ordered Hasan to alight also; and he came to him ami kissc<) his 
head, and said to him, Dlame me not for that which I did to thee. 
I will preserve thee when thou asccndcst to the palace, and it be« 
hovetb thee that thou be not di.ilionest to me in aught of that which 
thou wilt bring thence: I will share it with thee equally. — And he 
replied, I hear and obey. The Persian then opened a leatlteru bag, 
and took forth from It a mill, and he also took forth from it a quan- 
tity of wheat, and ground it with that mill; after which he kncodcd 
(he flour, and made of it thr«c round cakes, and liglite<l a fire, and 



THB STORY OP tfASAN or EL-BASRAH. 



397 



L 



balled the cakes. He next took fortfa tJie copper <Ir»m And the 
figured plectrum, and beat tbe dmin ; wbereiipon the cainclt came ; 
wid h« chose one of thcm^ and aiaugbtored it, and stripped off iu 
>lcia. Then looking towards Hasan, he said to lum, Hoar, O my 
8on, O Hasan, what 1 charge lltee to do. He replied, WvlJ. And 
the Magian said, Knl«r tliis skin, and 1 will >ew it op over tliee, 
and will lay thee upon the ground; tliereupon the Rukh'.t" will 
come, and carry thee off, and fly with thcc to the summit of tlie 
mountain. And take thou this knife with thee, and when the birds 
bare finished tbcir flight, and thou knowest Uiat they have put thee 
upon tlie mouul^n, cut open with it the skin, and go forth ; for the 
birds will fear thee and will fly away from thee ; and do thou look 
down to mu from the summit of the mountain, and speak to mc, 
that I may inform thee of that which thou shalt do. — He then pre- 
pared for him the three cakes, and a leathern bottle containing 
water, and put them with htm into the skin; after wliich he sewed it 
up over him, and went to a distajice from him. And the Rukh's 
came, and carried him oif, flew with him to the summit of the 
mountain, and there put him down. So when Hiunn knew that 
they had put him upon the mountain, he cut open the skiii and 
camo forth from it, and spoke to the Mngian, who, on hearing his 
words, rejoiced, and danced by reason of the violence of bis joy i 
and he said to him. Go in the direction to which thy back is turned, 
and tell me what thou accst. Hasan therefore went, and be beheld 
many rotten bones, hy which was much wood, and he informed him 
of all t)iat he saw; upon which the Magian said, This is tin; object 
of deure and search. Take then, of the wood, six bundles, and 
throw theni down to me; for this wood is the mnterial with which 
we shall perfonn tlie alchemical process. — So he threw down to 
him the six bundles; and when the Magian saw that tliose bundles 
bad come down to him, he said to Hasan, O young wretch, tlie 
thing that I deaired of tbeo hath been accomplished; and if thou 
wilt, remain upon this mountain, or cast thyself down upon the 
ground that thou mayest perish. 'I1ien the Magian departed." 

Upon this, Itasan exclaimed, There is no strength nor power 
but in Ood, the High, the Great ! This dog hath circumvented 
tn«l — ^Ho sat wailing for himself, and recited these verses:— 




WUeu God nilleth an event to befnll n mun vlio n cndotrcd wilb fcaMn aud 

hearing' nnd ai^ht, 
He deiLfoncth Uii can, anil blinilvth hi* heart, and <Irawcth hia nvioit from 

him an n linir, 
Till, having fiillillt>il hi* piirpmci agalntt hini, Ho rcilorelh liim hii rcBton that 

he may be ndmoniahcd. 
Thrn irv no( of on event, Hoff Hi j( kippral — for cver^liiug lutppenrtli hy 

fate and dcitiny.'* 

He then stood tipon his ftict, n.nd lookvd (o the right and \ch, and 
walked nlntig tlie suminit of the mountain. He mude aure of hi« 
death, aiid he proceeded to walk tilong until he came to the other 
side of tlic inoiiiiiaiii, when he suw, hy tin- side of the mountain^ a 
blue sea, agitated with waves ; and it was foamy, and every wave 
of it was Like a great mountain. Thereupon ho snt, and ri^tod an 
e«y ]>ortioii of the Kur-dn, and be^^ed Gud (whuM> lumic^ he ex- 
alted !) to alleviate his trouhle, either by death, or by di^livcranoe 
firom these difficulties ; after wliich he recited for himself tlic 
funeral-prayer," and east himself into the sea. T\k wnvex, bow- 
ever, bore him along safely, by the will of God (whose name be 
exalted !), until he eamc forth froiu tlie sea safe, by the decree 



THE STOKV OF HASAN OP EL-BASRAH. 



Sd9. 



of Qod. So lie rejoiced, and praised Qod (cxallcd bo his name !), 
and thanked Him. 

He then bfosc aiid walked along searching for something to eat ; 
and wliile lie was doing thus, lo, he came to the place where he wns 
with Bahrnm the Mnginn. And he walked on a while, and saw 
a great jmhcc, rising high intu the air. He tlierefore went to it; 
and behold, tt was the palace respecting which he asked the Magiaa, 
and of which he said to him, In this palace is my enemy. And 
upon thin, Hasun Miid, By Allah, I muMi enter this palace. Pvrhnp* 
1 may experience relief in it. — And when he came to it, he saw its 
door open. So he entered the door-way ; and he saw a ina^tabah 
in the cntranec>pa«t:igo, and on the; maftaboh two damsels like two 
moonit, with a chess-table before them, and tliey were playing ; luid 
on« of them, raising her head towards him, cried out by reason of 
her joy, uid said. By Allah, l\»» is a hunimi being, and 1 imagine 
that he is the penmn whom Dahram the Magian brought tliis year. 
Therefore when Hasan heard her words, he cast himself down 
before tliem, and wept violently, and said, O my mistresses, I am 
that poor person. And upon thiH tlie younger damsel said to her 
sister the elder, Bear witneits against me, O my sister, that this iit 
my brotlier by a covenant and compact before God, and that I will 
die for his deatli and live for his life, and rejoice for his joy and 
mourn for his mourning. Then she rose to lum, and embraced 
and kissed him, and, taking him by his hand, kd him inlo the 
palace, her sister accompanying her; and she pulled od* from him 
the tattered clotliing that was upon him, and brought him a suit of 
roysd apparel, with wliich she cU<l him. She also [>repared for him 
viands of every kind, and presented them to him, and she and ber 
sister sat and ate with him ; and they said to him. Relate to us 
thine adveuiure with the wicked dog, the enchanter, from the time 
of thy falling into his hand to the time of thine escape from hira, 
and we will reUtc to tliee what liath happened to us with hira from 
the first of the case to the la^t, that thou maye^t be on thy guard if 
tbou MO him again. And when Hasan heard from tliem these 
wonls, and saw their kind reception of him, ids m>uI was tranquil- 
lized, and hiii reaxon returned to him, and he proceeded to relate to 
ihem wliat had happened to him with the Magian from first lu bist; 
whereupon they said to him, Didst tliuu ask him respectii^ lliis 



400 



THE STORY OP ^ASAN OP EL-BASRAH. 



palace ? He answered, Yes, I asked him, and he said to me, I like 
not llie mention of it ; for tliU palace bi>loiigelb to the Devils kdA 
Demons, So the two d«mae)8 were xiolenll^r enr^:ed, and said, 
Did this infidel call us Devils and Demons ? lie answered them, Yes. 
And tlie youn^r, tlic sister of Hasan, said, B3- Allah, I will surely 
slay him in the most iibominahle maimer, and I wiU surely d<-])rivc 
him of ilic air of the world! — And how, said Hasan, wilt lliou gel 
to him and a\&y him ? She answered, He is in a garden called £t- 
Mesbeed,'*.and I must without foil staj him soon. And her sister 
said to her, Hiuuin bath spoken truth, and all that he lialli said of 
tliis dog is true : but relate to him our whole story, that it m&y 
remain in his memory. So tlie young damsel said, — 

Know, O my brother, tliiit we arc of tlic daughters of the Kings. 
Our ftither is one of the Kings of the Jin, of great dignity, and 
he hath troop« and guards and servants, consisting of M^ds; 
and God (whose name be exalted !) hath blessed him with seven 
daughters by one wife; but such folly and jealousy imd pride 
as cannot be surpassed affected him, so that he married tis not to 
any one. Then he sunununed his AVezeers and his companions, 
and said to them, Do yc know any place for me that no one 
can invade, neither any of mankind nor any of the Jinn, and that 
aboundeth witli treeit and fruitx and rivers i So they said to him, 
What wouldst lliou do there, O King of the age t He answered, 1 
desire to place in it my seven daughters. And thereupon they saiit 
to him, O King, the Palace of the Mountain of the Clouds, which 
an 'Efreet of the refractory Jinn who stubbornly disobeyed the vow 
exacted by Suleymfiii (on whom be jjeace !) fuimded, and which 
palace, after that "Efreet perished, none inhabited after him, neither 
any of the Jiiui nor any of ninnkind, will be suitable for them ; for 
it is separated from the rest of the world. None gaineth access to 
it; and around it arc trees and fruits and riveri, and around it is 
ruiming water nwuctcr than honey and colder than snow: no one 
having the leprosy or elephantiasis or other diacascs ever drank ot 
it without being cured immediately.— So when our father heard of 
this, he sent us to tliis palace, and sent with us soldiers and troops, 
and collected for us what we require in it. Uc used, when he 
desired to ride, to beat tlie drum ; whereupon all tlic troops pre* 
u-ntcd themselves to him, and he chose whom of itiem he would 



THE STORY OF HASAN OP EL-BASRAH. 



401 



mount, and the rest departed. Ant) nheii our fnthcr dcsireth that 
vm xhuuld vitil him, he ordcrcth the enchanters his dcjii-ndjiiits to 
hrin;; us, and they conic to u» and t»kr tis nnd convey us to his 
presence, tliat he may cheer himsell' by our society, and llmt wc 
may accompliKli our desires by seeing him : (ben he sendcth u« hack 
to our place. We have five nstcn, who hove gone to hunt in this 
adjacent desert; for in it are wild beasts that cannot Iw numbered 
tmr calcu Intnl. Each two of US have their turn to remain at homo 
for the puri>i>!(e of cooking the food, and the turn came to us, me and 
this my sister ; therefore we remained to cook for them the food ; 
and we were begging God (whose perfection be extolled, and whose 
name be exaltu<l !) that He would bless us with a human being 
to cheer us by his company. Then praise be to God who hath 
brought thee unto \i^ ! And do thou be of good heart and cheerful 
oyc. No harm shall bcfnll Ihce, 

So Hasan rejoiced, and said, Fniisc be to God who hath guided 
Its to the way of deliverance, and hath moved hearts with aflection 
nnd eonipiLtsion for us ! Then his sister arose and took him by bis 
hand, ted him uito a private chamber, and brought out from it 
linen and funiiture such as no creature could procure. And after a 
while, their sisters returned from the chase, ami they acquainted 
them with the case of llasiin ; whereupon they rejoiced at his 
arrival, and, coming in to hint in the private chamber, they saluted 
him, and congratulated hijn on his safety. He remained with them, 
passing the most pleasant life, and enjoying the most agreeable 
happiness, and he used to go forth witli them to the chase, and 
slaughter the game. Thus Klasan became familiar witli them, 
and he ceased not to reside with them in this condition until his 
body became healthy, and he recovered from the state in which he 
was ; his frame wa« invigorated, and he became stout and fat, by 
reason of the generous treatment that he enjoyed, and his residence 
with them in that place. He flmused and diverted himself with 
them in tliat decorated palace, tinil in (ill the gardens nnd among the 
flowers, while tJiey treated him with courtesy, ami cheered him with 
discourse, and his sadness ceased. The damsels became cxeet-diugly 
joyful and hnppy in his society, and he n-joiced in their society 
more than they rejoiced in him. And afterwards, his sister, tlic 
young damsel, related to her sisters the story of Bahruni the .\fagian, 



TOk III. 



3* 



403 



THE STORY OF HASAN OP EL-BASRAH. 



telling thom Uiat lie luul called them Devils and Demons and 
Gbools s wlicreupon they swore lo her that he sliould surely be 
slain. 

I'lim, ill the following year, the aeeuned came, havinj; with 
him a comely young mau, 8 >f usiim, rcGcmbiing the moon, shuckled, 
and tortured in the must cruel manner ; and he aliglitni witti him 
beneath the palace where Hasan introduced himself to the damsels. 
Now Hasan was sitting by tlie rircr, beneath the trees ; and when 
he bclield the Magian, his heart palpitated, liis complexion cluinged, 
and he struck his hands togeihcr, and »aid to tlie dam-iels, Hy Allah, 
O my sisters, aid me to slay this accursed wretch ; for here he bath 
come, and be hath fallen into your hands, and with him is a young 
Muslim, ft captive, of the sods of the great, wliom he is torturing 
with varieties of painful torture. I desire to shiy him, tlut I may 
heal my soul by taking vengeance upon him, tli^t I may aUo release 
this youi^ maji from his torture, and gain the reecwnpcnsc thereof 
[from God], and that tlie young Muslim may return to his home, 
and be reuuitcd to his brethren and his family and fneiids. Tliat 
action will be as an alms proceeding from you, and ye will acquire 
the reward thereof from (iod, whose name be exalted ! — And the 
damsels replied, We hear «iid obey God and thee, Hnsan. They 
then tlirew litbams over iheir faces, e<]uipped themselves with the 
implements of war, and slung on the swords ; and they brought to 
JHasaii a fourser of thu best breed, furnished him vrith complete 
accoutrements, and armed him with beautiful weapons. Having 
done this, they proceeded all together; and they found that the 
Magiaii ha<l slaughtered a camel and skinned it, and Max tonnenting 
the young man, and saying to Mm, Enter this skin. So Hasan came 
behind him, while the Mitgiun knew not of his presence, and cried 
out at him, so that he stupified and confountltd him. 7'lien, ad- 
vancing to him, he siud to him. Withhold thy hand, O accursetl ! O 
enemy of God, and enemy of the Muslims ! O dog! O piTfidious 
wretch ! O worshipper of fire ! O pursuer of the way of the wicked, 
who worshippest the fire and the light, and swearest by the shade 
and the heat ! — The Mflginn therefore looked aside, and, seeing 
Hasan, he said to him, O my sou, how didst thou e^icape, and who 
brought thee down to the ground ? Hasan answered him, God de- 
livered me: He who hath caused thy life lo be taken by the hands 



■ 



THE STORY OF HASAN OF EL-BASRAH. 



40i 



of thine eniMntcs. As thou torturcdst mc nil the way, O infidel ! O 
im[>ious wrvtch ! thou liast fnlk-n into aflliction, niid tunicd aside 
from the way; and neither motlier ohall profit thee, nor broth^-r ncff 
friend, nor finn covenant ; for thou saidst, Whoso nhall be unfaithful 
to the bond of bread and salt, may God execute vengeance upon 
htm ! — and tliou hast been unfaithful to t)ic bond of bread and xalt ; 
wherefore (iod hath thrown thee into ray power, and thy dcliver- 
an«o from mc hath become remote. — Upon this, the Mafjian said to 
him, By Allah, O my son, thou art dearer id my estimation thiin 
my soul and than the light of mine eye! But Hasftii advanced to 
.hini, and quickly smote him upon his shoulders so that the sword 
ttme forth glittering froni his vitals, and God hurried Ids soul to the * 
fire I a miserable abode ! Then Hasan took the leathern bag tliat 
was with him, and opened it, and, having taken forth from it the 
drum and the plectrum, beat with this llie drum ; whereupon the 
etunel.i came to hint tike lightning ; and he loosed the young man 
from his bonds, mounted him upon a camel, on whicli he put for 
him the remoiuing food and water, and said to him. Repair to the 
place of thy desire. He therefore departed, after God had tlius 
delivered him from his oilliction by the hand of Hasan. Then the 
damsels, when they had seen Husau .smile the neck of the Magian, 
rejoiced in him greatly ; and they came round him, wondering at 
his courage and his exceeding intrepidity, and thanked liim for that 
which he had done, congratulated him on Ms safety, and said to 
him, O Hasan, thou host done a deed by which thou hnst healed the 




406 



THE STOnV OF HASAN OF EI^BASRAH. 



stones, sudi iLt th« jacinth and the emerald nod thr balass-niby, and 
various other jewels. It was buUt with one briek of gold and 
another brick of silver and another brick of jii<;iiii}i nnd aiioiHer 
brick of cmcmld ; und in the midsl of thai pavilion tvaa a pool full 
of water, over which was a trcllix of aandal-wood and alue«-wood, 
reticulated with bars of red gold and oblong emeralds, nnd adorned 
with varieties of jewels and pearls, cvcrj bend of which vtns of the 
nice of pigeon's egg. AI»o hy tlie side of the pool was a couch of 
aloes-wood adorned with large pcails and with jewels, reticulated 
with red gold, and comprising all kinds of coloured gems and pre- 
ciouEt minerals, set so as to correspond, one with another. Around 
it the birds warbled with vaiious tongues, proclaiming the per- 
fectitiii iif Crud (wlione naine b« exalted !) bj- llie xwc-ctncn of thrir 
notes and ttie diversity of their tongues ; and the like of this palace 
neither a Kiara nor a Ca?3ar ever possessed. So Hasan was amazed 
when he beheld it, and lie sat in it, looking at what was around it. 

And whib lie sat in it, wondering nl thu beauty of its constroe- 
tion, and ut the lustre of the large pearls and the jacinths that it 
comprised, and at all the artificial works that it contained, wonder* 
ing also at those sown fields, arid at the birds that proclaimed the 
perfection of God, the One, ilic Omnipotent, and contemplating 
the memoriab of him whom God (exalted be his name !) enabled to 
construct this pavilion (for he was of mighty condition), lo, be 
beheld ten birdii, which approached from the direction of the desert, 
coming to that pavilion and that pool. Hasan therefore knew that 
they sought the pool to drink of its water : ko lie concealed htmiftetf 
from them, fearing that they would see him and fly from him. 
They then alighted upon a great, beautiful tree, and they went 
around it; and he saw among tliem a great and beautiful bird, the 
handsomest among them ; and the rest encompassed it aiul attended 
it as senants ; whereat I lasnn wondered. That bird began to i»eck 
the nine others with its bill, and to behave proudly towards them, 
and they fled from it, while Hasan stood diverting liimsclf with the 
sight of them from a distance. Then they seated themselves upon 
tJie couch, nnd each of tlicm rent open its skin with its tdlons, and 
came forth from it ; and lo, it was a dress of feathers. There came 
forth from tlie dressc* ten damscU, virgins, who shamed by their 
beauty the lustre of the moon ; and when ihey had divested them- 




soh'es, they all descended into the pool, and washed, and proceeded 
to pUy and (o jest together; the bird who 8uq)iisEed tlie uthen 
tbtxtwing tliem down and plunging lliom, and they fleeing &om her, 
nnd unable to put forih their hands to her. When Ilosiin beheld her, 
he Iiurl hix re^ison, and hix mind wiiit eaptivaU-d, tind Im knew that 
the damsels forbade him not to open the door save on this account. 
He became violootly enamoured of her by reason of what he behold 
of her beauty and loveliness and her stuCure luid justness of fonn, 
while she was sporting and jesting, and they were «priiikling one 
Another with the water. Hasan stood looking at them, sigliing that 
ho was not with them; his mind was pcrjili-xed by the beauty of 
tlic young damsel, his heart was entanglrd in the snare of her lore, 
and he had fallen into the snare; the eye waa looking, io the heart 
n fire was burning ; and the soul is prone to cvii. He wept with 
desire by reason of her beauty and loveliness, llres were &liot into 
bis heart on her account, a Same of » bieh the sparks could not be 



408 



THP. STORY OF I^SAN UP EL-BA$KAH. 



vxtin^^iiislicd incrcssed to him, and a deure of which the sigtw could 
nnt be hiilclcn." 

Tlien, nficT tlwt, th<! d)un»el» enmu up from tlic pool, while 
Itnaan Htood looking at tliem ; but they saw him not ; and he wjm 
wondering at tbcir brauty and loveliness uid grnc^^fulness and 
elegance. Ami when they came forth from llic watrr, each of 
tliem put on her drees and omamcnta. The chief damsel put on a 
gn^cn dress, and xurpoKSCtl in ber loveliness tlic beauties of tbe 
world, and the lu^itre of her face outshone the bright full moon : she 
surpassed tbc branches in the beauty of her bending motions, and 
confounded the minds witli apprchen^^ion of inrurring calumny. 
The damsehi then sal conversing and laughing togetlier, while 
Hasan still stood looking at them, drowned in the sea of his passion, 
tind bewildered in the valley of his solicitude, and he aid within 
liiin.ielf. By Allah, my sister said not to me, Open not tliia door — 
save on account of llicsc damsels, and in fear of my becoming en- 
amoured of one of tliem. He continued to gaze at the beauties of 
the chief daniKel, who was the most lovely person thai (rod had 
crealed in her lime, surpassing in her beauty all human beings. 
She liad a mouth like the seal of Sulcymiin," and hair hhickcr llian 
tlie night of cstrnngemenl is In tlic itlllicted, distracted lover, and a 
forelicftd like rlie new moon uf the Festival of Raniadiin," and eyes 
resembling the eyes of the gnzclles, and an aquiline nose brightly 
shining, and cheeks like anemones, and lips like coral, and tertJi 
like pearls strung on necklaces of native gold, and a neck like 
molten silver, above a figure like a ivillow-branch. — Tlte d/tmscls 
censed not to hnigb and sporl, while he stood upon his feet looking 
at then), and forgot food and drink, until the time of afternoon- 
prayer drew near, when the chief damsel naid to her companions, O 
daugbters of Kings, (he time hnlh bcctpme laic to uk, and our coun- 
try is distant, and we arc tired of slaying here. Ari.^c, therefore, 
that we may depart to our place. — Accordingly each of Uicm 
atxtse, and put on her dress of fealhers ; and when tliey were en- 
veloped in tbcir drcsws, they became birds as tJiey were at firet, 
and nil flew away together, tJie chief damsel bciitg in tlie niidit 
of tlieni. 

Hasan thcreforo despaired of ihem, and he desired to arise and 
descend from his place ; but he could not rise. IIJs tears run down 



THE STORY OF HASAN OP KI^BA^RAII. 



40!> 



I hh cheek, nnd his (k-sir« became violent^ and he recited these 

VCTSeB: — 

May Allah deny mc the ■ccompiiihineiu of my row, if tfln yoiir tUcnce I 

know pIvMsnl aUe^, 
And iiiBj my eyn not he closed nflCT your iqianilicD, nor r«« dcljf[ht ni« 

after ]'oui doporluro ! 
It ntoiild iccm to me as thoii^li 1 naw you In aUep : 4iid woutit llint the 

visioni of ticrp mlglit be real ! 
I luvir tivrp, though williout tequiriiig it; for perhaps a sight of you miglil 

be (t'luilvd ill a dreHiti. 

Tlicn be walked a little, but without being led ariglit, until he 
descended tu the lower part of the palace ; and he ccaaed not ta 
dmg hintM^lf along in a sitting posture till be came to the door of 
the private chamber; whereupon he passed through, and locked it 
afUji him ; and he lay upon lus side, sick, neither eating nor drink- 
ing. He was <lrowiied in the sea of his solicitudes, and he wept 
and lamented for himself until tlie morning, when he recited these 
rerses : — 

Ai turds tlioy flow twAy in th* mnliig, and cri#d cut. And lie who dieth at 
lore i* not culpable." 

I vill keep my piuKinit wciwt while I can ; but if violent dciir* overcom* mv, 
il will appear. 

Thr pliniitum uf her vrhuee face u lik« the morning came at nighl ; and the 
night of my desire hath no dawn. 

I bemoan her, while they sleep who are IVge from love ; and the windi of 
driirc have mode sport with me. 

I hare been liberal of my lean and my wealth and my heart and my rMton 
and my soul; and libvrAllty i> gnin. 

Tha wortl «f all kinds of evil and vexation is hostility experienced from beau- 
tiful domiela. 

They say it ii forbidden for the beanties to shew favour, and that the shed- 
ding of the blood of lovers la lawful. 

And lliat the tnve-«lck ean do nought hut ucrilice hu sou), and liberally fcr- 
feil it in love, which is a game." 

I ciyotil in my longing and ardour for Ihc beloved ; and all that the diatracled 
van do is to moan. 

And when the stm roae, he opened the door of the private chamber, 
and ascended to the plac« in which he was before, and sat liefore 
tbe ntak'ad" until the approach of night; but not one of the birds 
«ame while he sat cxpecliug tliem. So he wept ^^olentlJ■, till he 
fainted, nud fell proauate upon the ground; and when he recovered 



rot. III. 



3o 




from his fit, he dragged himself nlong in a sitting pmture, snd 
descended to the lower part of the palace. The night had come, 
and the whole world wns slrnit unto him, and he ceased not to weep 
and lament for himself all llic night until the morning came and the 
sun rose over the hilla and tlie htwlnnds. lie ate not nor <lrank nor 
slept, nor had he any rest : during tlie day he was j)erplexed, and 
during the night sleepless, confounded, intoxicated by his toUci- 
tude, expressing the violence of !iis desire in some verses of a dta- 
tracted poet. 

Now while ho was in this riolent state of distinction bj reason 
cf his passion, lo, a dust arose from the desert; whereupon he arose 
and ran down and hid himself. He Itnirw that tlie mistresses of the 
palacB had come, and but a little while had elapsed when the troops 
alighted, and encompassed the palace. The seven damsels abo 
alighted, and tlicy vnlervd the palace, and took oR* their arms and 
all the implements of war that were upon them, except the youngest 
damM^I, his sister, who took not off thu implements of war tlial were 
upon her, but came to the private chamber of Hasan ; and she saw 
him not. So she searched for him, and found him in one of the 
closets, infirm and Icon ; his body had become languid and liix 
hones were wasted, bis complexion had become sallow and bia eyes 
were sunk in bis face, in consequence of the little food and drink 
that he had taken, and tlic abundance of his tears by reason of hi* 
attachmi^nt to the damsel, and bis [Musion fur her. Therefore 
when his sister tlie Jinneeyeh saw him in this slate, she was emu- 
founded, and her reason quitted her, and she asked him respecting 
his condition, and the state in which he was, and what had befadlen 
him, saying to bim, Inform me, O my brotlier, that I may devise 



THE STORY OK ijASAN OF EL-DASRAU. 



411 



Niiiiie strati^cm for theo ta remove thin« aflliolion, and I will be thy 
siacriticc. And upon tins, lio wept violt-utlj-, uiiil recited thus : — 

'I'hc lover, when liii beloved U uppuraud frum Itim, hitlli nothing except 

auiTuw and ullliclioii : 
Witliiii him IB diivan-. and without ■■ burning ; llie lirgiiining ii rvmant- 

linincc, Aiid lliu mil is wlicitudr. 



I 



So when his aster heard theao his words, she wondered at his 
clo<]UcDcc and his flueiity of speech, and at liia beauty oi" exprcsxion 
Mid his replying to her in verse; and she aaid to him, O my 
brother, when didat thou fall into this predicnmcnt in which tliou 
art. and when did this happen to thee ? For 1 see thee speak iii 
venWM, ftiid itheti copious tciLrg. i conjure thee hy AUali, O my 
brother, and by the .lacred nature of the love tliat cxisteth between 
us, tivat tliou inform me of thy stale, and acquaint mo with thy 
secret, and conceal not from me aught of tiiat whieti iiatU befallen 
tlicc during our ahscncn ; for my bosom bath become contracted, 
«itd my life is perturbed on thine account. — And thereupon he 
Kighed, and shcil teuis like rain, and replied, I fear, O my sister, if 
1 inform thee, that tliou wilt not aid me to attain my desire, hut 
wilt leave me to die sorrowing, in ray anguish. And she said, No^ 
l>y AUuh, O my brother, I will not abandon thee, though ray life 
■ihould be luHt in consi^qiience thereof. 

So he told her what had befalU^n him, and wlial he beheld when 
he had opened the door, and informed her tliat the cauae of his 
uflliction and distress was his passion for the damsel whom ho had 
seen, and his aflectioik for her, iu]d that for ten days he had not de- 
sired food nor drink. Then he wept violently, and recited tliese 
two verses : — 



Rnlorv my hi-art oi it vraa t« my IiruC, mid let mine eyes *lcc|> o^uu : then 

rmakr m*. 
Da you think llint llir nigliU have clisog«d ifae vow of loir« t May ha c»u« 

to live who chiuigetli I 



And hia sister wept at his weeiiing: she was moved with compassion 
for his esse, and pitied him for his distance firom liomc ; and she 
raid to him, O my brotJier, be of good hearl and cheerful eye; for 
I will expose myself to peril wiUi tliee, and give my life to content 



iia 



THE STORY OP HASAN OF EL-BA!jRAH. 



diee, and contrive for thee « stntag^m oven if it occasion tb« Io«* 
of tny precious things and my soul, tliat I may acxrompli^ ihy 
desire, if it be tlie will of God, whose name be exalted ! But I 
charge tliee, O my brother, to conceal the secret from mj sistcn. 
Therefore reveal not ttiy state to any one of tlieiu, lest my life and 
thine be lost ; and if tliey ask tliee respecting the opening of the 
door, answer iheni, 1 never opened it ; but I was troubled in heart 
on account of your ub»encc from me, and my suibiess for your loss, 
and my residence in the palace by myself. — And he replied, Yes : 
this is the right course. He kissed her bcadt and his heart was 
comforted, and liis bosom became dilated. He had been in fear of 
his sister on account of his having opened the door; so now bis soul 
was restored to him, after be had tliought himself at the point of 
destruction by rcfison of the violence of his fear. 

He then (Iciniuuled of his sister something to eat : witcreupon she 
an>se and went furlh fmni him ; and afterwards slie went in to her 
sialers, mourning and weeping for him. So they asked ber respecting 
her state, and tthe informed tlicm Uial her heart was troubled for her 
brother, and that he was sick, and for ten days no footl liad entered 
his stomach. They therefore asked her resi>ecting the cause of his 
sickness; and she answered iheni. Its cause was our absence ttom 
him, and our leaving' him desolate ; for these days during which wc 
were ah^iciit from liim wen- to him longer than a thousand years, 
and he is excusable, seeing that he is a stranger and alone, and we 
left him solitary, without any one to chtx-r him by society, or any 
oue to comfort his heart. Besides he is, at all events, but a youth, 
and probably he remem1>ervd his family and his mother, who is an 
old woman, and he imagined that siic was weeping for bim during tho 
hoars of the night and llie periods of tlie day, and thac she ceased 
not to mourn for him : but we used to console him by our society. 
— And when her sisters heard her words, they wept by reason of 
the violence of tlteir sorrow for him, and said to her. By Allali, he 
is excusable. Then they went forth to the troops and dismissed 
ttH>m ; after which they went in to Hasan and saluted him ; and 
they taw that his charms liad become altered, and his complvxion 
hod become sallow, and his body had become lean ; wherefore they 
wept ill j>ity fur hiiii, and (hey sat with him, and cheered bim and 
comforted his heart by conversation, relating to him all that ihoy 



'raB STORY OF MASAN OP EL-BASRAH. 



ilS 



I 



k1 wen cif woiidtrrs stid strango things, and nhnt happened to tlie 
briiiegrooui witlj die bride, 'i'lit- dainseU remauied with liliii [luring; 
the period of a whole month, cheering liim by their society, and 
^■rcmiiig him ; but cvr:ry dny hv bt'ciinii! more ill ; nnd whenever 
Uiey beheld liini in thiH state, they wept fur him violently, tlie 
youngest damiiel being the one of them who wept the most. 

Then, after the month, the dnmscls were dexirous of riding forth 
to hunt, itnd they resolvi-d to do so, and asl<ed their youngest sinter 
to mount witli tliein ; but she said to them, By Allali, O my sisters, 
I cannot go forth with you while my brother is in tliis state, until 
he iit restored to health, and the atHiction lliat he suflereth quittcth 
him. I will rather sit with him to sooth him. — And when tliey 
heard hei words, they thanked her for her kindness, and said to her, 
Whatever thou dost with this stmnger, thou will be recompensed 
for it. Hien they left her wlti) him in the palace, and mounted, 
taking with tlien) provisiun:i for twenty days. And wlien they were 
for from tlic paiace, their sister knew 
that they had traversed a wide spactr : 
so she came tu her brother, and said to 
him, O my brother, arise ; *how mc this 
place in which thou sanejit the damsels. 
And he replied, In the name of Allah : " 
on tlie head: — rejoicing at her wunU, 
and feeling sure of the atuinment of biii 
< ibeire. He then desired to arise and go 
with her, and to shew her the place ; 
but he was tuiablc tu walk ; wherefore 
she carried him in her bosom, and con- 
^■cyed him to tlie [lop of the] palace ; 
and when he was ujwn it, he shewed 
her the place in which he liad seen tht- 
damsels, and he sliewed her the mak'^i 
and the pool. And bis sister said tu 
him. Describe to nte, O my brother, 
their state, and how they came. He 
ihcicfcnx) cteseriK-il tn her what he 
luul observed of tlieni, and especially 
the dunscl of whom he Juul bocomel.l 




414 



THE STOaV OF HASAN OF EL-BASRAH. 



eiiBinonrcd ; arul vhcii she heard the ttcscripUon of hvr, »hc knew 
her, luu) her cuuMUniuicc: liecame sallow, aiid Iter ftUiu; lMH-.ainc 
chsD;;eiL So ho said to b«r, O my sUtor, thy countenance hatli 
become snllow, mid thy state i» chanj^; xud «he rc]>li(-(l,^ 

O my brotlier, know tliat thU daiii^i-l is the daughter of one of 
the Kings of the Jan, of great dipnity. Ucr father hath obtained 
dominion over men and Jan, and eucliontcrs and diviners, and tribes 
and guards, and regionK and eitieai in great numbers, and Iiitth vast 
richos. Our lather is one of his iiceroys, and no one is able to pre- 
Tail ogunst htm, on account of the abundance of his troops, and tlic 
extent of his dominions, and the greatnew of hi* wealth. He bath 
assigned to his children, the damsoU whom thou sawest, a tract of 
ai whole year's journey in length and breadth, and to that tract is 
added a great river encoinpusxing it, and no one eon gain access to 
that place, neither any of mankind nur any of the Jan. He bath 
an army " of damsels who smtte witli swords and thrust with spears, 
five and twenty thousand in number, every one of wliom, when she 
mounteth her eourser and equippeih herself witli her implementii of 
war, will withstand a thousand brave horsemen ; and he hath seven 
daughters who in bravery and horsemanship equal their sisters, and 
excel them. He batli set over this tract, of which 1 have informed 
lliee, his eldest daughter, the chief of her sisters ; and she is distin- 
guished by bravery and horsemanship, and guile and artifice and 
enchantment, by which she can overcome all the people of her domi- 
nions. But as to the damsels who were with her, they are the 
chief ladies of her empire, and her guards, and her favourites among 
the people of her dominions ; and these .feathered skins wherewitlt 
they fly are the work of the enehanter» luiiong the Jan. Now if 
thou desire to possess tliis damsel, and to marry her, sit here and 
wait for her ; for they come on (he first day of every month to this 
place ; and when tliou seest that they have come, conceal thyself, 
and beware of appearing ; for the lives of all of lu would he lost. 
Know then whut 1 tell thre and keep it in tliy roeinoiy. Sit in a 
place tbnt shall be near unto them, so that thou shalt see iJiem aiitL, 
they shall not see thee ; and when they take off their drcstea, 
thine eye upon the dress of feathers belonging to tiie chief damsel, 
who is the objtKrt uf thy desire, and take it; but take not uught 
beside it ; for it is the thing that cunveyvth livr to her countrv." 



THE STOnV OF HASAN OF F.UBASRAH. 



415 



I 



So if thou possess it, ihou ponsexNcNt licr ; mid beware of her bc- 
l^iling thcT, and snjing, O thou who hast jitolcii inj* ilrcss, rcstoiv 
it to me, and here am I willi dice And before thee and in thy X'ov 
Mssion : — for, if thou give it her, she will nhy Ui<;e, mid will dcmo- 
lish the pavilion* over ua, nnd day our father. Know then-fore tlij 
CMC, and how thou xhalt net. Wlicn her sisters see that her dress 
hath been stolen, ihey will fly away, and leave her siittiiig alone : so 
thereupon go thou to her, and seize her by her hair and drajf her 
along ; and wlien thou sbalt have dragged her to thee, tliou wilt 
hari; olitained lier, an<l slie will be in thy possession. Then, after 
this, take care of the drens of feathers ; for as long as it rrnijiini^tli 
with theo, she is in thy power, and in captivity to thee ; since »lie 
nnnot fly away to her country save with it. And when thou bast 
taken her, carry her and descend with her to thy private chamber, 
and reveal not to her that thou hast taken llie dress. 

So when Hasan heard the words of his sister, his heart was 
tranquillized, and his terror was cjuieted, and ttie pnin that he 
sufTered ceased. He then rose erect upon his feet, and kissed the 
head of his sister ; after which he descended from the top of the 
palace, he and his sister, and they slept that night. He studied to 
restore himself until the nmrning came ; and when the sun rose, he 
arose and opened the door and ascended to the top. He sat there, 
and ceased not to sit until nightfall, when his sister came up to hiui 
with some food and drink, and clmngrd his clothes, and he slept. 
She continued to do tliu* with him every day until the next nxmlli 
commenced. So when he saw the new moon, be watched for ihom ; 
and while ho was doing thus, lo, they uppntachcd liini, like light- 
ning. On his seeing them, tlierefore, he concealed himself in a 
place so that he could see them and they could not see him. Tlie 
birds alighted, each bin! of them seating herself in a place, and they 
rent open their dresses, nnd the damsel of whom he wa.i enumourcd 
did the same as the rest. This was done in a place near unto 
Hasan. She then descended into the pool with her sisters ; and 
thereupon Hasan arose and walked forward a little, still concealing 
himself; and God veiled him : so he took the drexn, and not one of 
them Mw him ; for tliey were pLiying together. And when they 
had ended, they came forth, and each of them put on her dress of 
feathers, except hts beloved, who came lo put on her dress and 




found it not. Upon thi§ she criod out, and slapprd her taa 
tore tier duthtiii. H<t sister* therefore came to her, and asked her 
respecting her state, and she tafarmcd them that her dress of feathers 
had been lost; whereupon they wept and criod out, and slapped 
their faces. And when the night overtook tliem, they could not 
remain with her : u> they lell h^r upon lh<- top of l)i« palace alone. 
Then, when Hasan saw that they liad flown away and were absent 
from her, he listened to ber, and be lieard her say, O thou who batt 
taken my dress, and stripped nic, 1 hcg thee to restore it to me, and 
may God never make thee to tiinle my grief! And on his hearing 
these her words, his reason was captivated by his pauion for her, 
his love for her increased, and he could not withhold hinutelf from 
her. He lliureiorc «ri»s(- from hi.* place, luid ran forward until he 
rushed upon her and laid hold of her. Tlieu be dragged her to 
bitn, and descended with her to the lower p«xt of the palace, and, 
having taken her into his privalL- ehninlirr, threw over her his 'abaah," 
while she wepl, and bit ber Imiid-o. He locked the door upon her, 



THF STORY OF HASAN OF EL-BASRAH. 



417 



nt to his sisU-r, nn<l (olil hiT th.it Ik^ hui) gnt lu^r tiiiti ubtAincd 
jpoMmitm of her, and liad brought her down to his private ch.iinbcr, 
and he said to h?r, Sh« is now sitting weeping, and biting lier 
handx. 

His aistcr therefore, when she heard his words, arose and re- 
paired to the private chamber, niid, going in to her, she saw her 
wi-eping and mourning. Slie kissed the ground before her, and 
then saluted her ; and the damsel said to her, O daughter of the 
King, do people such asye are do these vile deeds with thedaughteu 
of Kings ? Thou knowest that my father is a great King, and that 
all the Kings of the Jiln are terrified at him, and fear hi% awful 
pmver, and that he hath, of enchanters and sa;;cs and diviners and 
de%-ils anil murida, those against whom none cnn prevail, and that 
under his authority are people whose number none knowcth but 
Go<l. How then can it be right for you, O daughters of King», lo 
lodge men of human kind with you, and to acquaint them with our 
circumstances and yours ? If ye did not so, how could this man 
gain access to u» ? — So tlie sister of Hasan answered her, O 
daughter of the King, verily this human being is perfect in kindness 
of dixposition, find his desire is nut to do any shameful action : he 
only loreth thee ; and women were not created save for men. 
Were it not tliat he lovctb thee, he had not fallen sick nn thin« 
account, and his soul had not almost departed by reason of hix love 
of thee. — And slic related to her all that Hasan had told her, with 
respect to his passion for her, and how the damsels had acted in 
their fiight and their washing themselves, and told her that none of 
them all hod pleased him excepting her j for all of them were her 
slave-girls ; and tliat she was plunging them into the pool, and not 
one of them could stretch forth her hand to her. — And when she 
heard her words, she despaired of escape. Tlien the sister of 
l^lainn aroH! and went forth from her, and brought to her a sump- 
tuous dreas, with wliich she clad her. She also brought to her soma 
food and drink, and ate with her, and comforted her heart and 
appeased her terror. She ceased not to caress her with gentleneaa 
and kindness, and said lo her, Have compassion upon him who saw 
thee once and became a victim of tliy love. Thus she continued to 
caress her and gratify her, and to address her with, pleasing words 
and expressions ; but she wept until daybreak came, when her heart 

II. 3 11 



118 



THE STORY OP HASAN OF E[,-BARKAH. 



was comforted aiid vhe abntiiined IJr<oin w(W|»iHg, knowing Uiat abe ' 
liod fallen into the snare, and that hi>r escape waa inipossihle. So she 
said to the sistor of Hasan, O daughter of the King, thus hath Ood 
appointed [and written] upon my forcliead, with reninxl to mjr 
c«trnngt!iiic-iit and my disjunction from my country and my family 
and my sisters; therefore 1 must endure with becomit^ patience 
wluit my r^ord hath decreed. Then tUtr sinter of Hawin appropri- 
ated to her alone a private chamber in the palacv, than which cham- > 
bor there w«» none himdsomer there; and »hc censed not lo sitj 
with her and console her, and to comfort Iter heart, until she wa*| 
content, and her bosom beeame dilated, and she laughed, and her 
trouble niid c<unirfl(:tion of the bosom on account of her scparntion 
from her lainily and home, and her separation from her sisters and 
her parents and her dominions, ceased. 

The sister of Hasan then went forth to him, and said to him. 
Axioe, go in to her in lier private chamber, and kiss her hands anil 
her feeL He therefore entered, and did »oi and lie kissed herl 
between her eyes, and said to her, O mistrcits of lii-aiuies, and life 
of souls, and delight of beholders, be tranquil in heart. I have not 
taken thev but that 1 may he thy sUvc till the day of resurrection, 
and this my sister will be tliy slavu-girl. 1, O my uiistreM, desire 
not aught SRve to marry tliee, agreeably with the ordinance of God 
and his AjHistle, luid to journey to my country, and I will rcdde 
witli thee in the city of Baghdad. 1 will purchase for thee female 
slaves, and male shive* ; and I have a mother, of the best of women, 
who will be thy servant. Tlu're is not a country tliere better than 
our country : everything tliat is in It Is better than what is in any 
other of all the countries, and its inhabitants and its people are good 
people, with comely liices. 

llut while he wax addressing her, and cheering her by conversa- 
tion, and she addressed him not witli a single letter, emae one 
knocked at the door of t]ie paluce. So Hasan went forth to «e« «'lio 
was at tJle door; and lu, there were tlie (Umisels, who had rcttimed 
from the chase. He rejoiced at their coming, and met and saluted 
them ; whereupon they uflV^n-d up prayers in his favour for safety 
and health, and he j)raye(I fur tliem also. They tlien alighted from 
their horses, and entered the palace, and each of them went into her 
private chamber, where slie pulled off the worn clothes that were 



THE STORY OF HA»AN OF EL-BA^OAH. 



419 



I 

I 
I 



upon "her, and put on comrlv apparel, after which they came forth, 
aiid (leniundL-d tlie gnnie; ami they brou^'ht'* an abundance of 
gazcMcs and wild oxen and harl^$ and lioni and hyenas, nnd otiicr 
bcnstx, Bomc of which thoy brought forward for slaug[liter, and they 
left the rest vritlt them in the pnlace. Ilnsan stood among them 
with ^rded waisit, .ilaughtering for them, while they sported and 
imuMcd thcinsclvci, rejoicing exceedingly at his doing tliua. And 
when Ihey had finiilu-d the f^lnughtur, they snt preparing something 
whereof to makti their dinner. Then Hasan advanced to the eldest 
damid, and kissed her head ; and he proceeded to kies all their 
head), one nficr another. So ihcy said to him, Thou hast grently 
humbled thyself to us, O our brother, and we wonder at the excess 
of thine aflcction for us, thou being a man of the sons of Adam, and 
we being of the Jinn. And thereupon his eyes slicd team, and he 
wept violently ; wherefore they said, Wial i* tlie m-ws, and what 
CHUSclh thee to weep ? Thou hast troubled our life by thy weeping 
this day. It sccmcth that thou hast comrrivcd a longing to sec thy 
mother and thy country ; and If the case be ao, we will equip tbfre, 
and will journey with dice to thy home and thy friends. — He re- 
plied, By Allah, my desire is nut to be separated from you. They 
tlierefore said to him, then who of us hath <lixturhcd diee, tliat thon 
art thus troubled ? And he was ashamed to soy. Nought hath dis- 
turbed mc hut love of ihc damsel — fearing that they would deny 
him their approval : wherefore lie was silent, nnd did not acquaint 
them with aught of his case. So his sister arose and said to them. 
He halli caught a bird from the air, and he desireth of you that ye 
aid him to make her hi.t wife. And they all looki^d at him, and sutd 
(o him, We are all before thee, an<l whatsoever thou demandesi, we 
will do it. But tell us thy tale, and conceal not from us aught of 
ihv slAte. — Ho therefore said to his xisler. Tell tltou niv liilo to 
them ; for I am abaslied at titem, and I canuot face them with tliese 
words. 

Accordingly, his sister said to them, O my sisters, when we 
departed on our journey and led this poor young man alone, tlie 
paUcc became strait unto him, and he feared that wmc one might 
come in to him; and ye know that the intellects of tlie soiuof Adam 
arc weak. So lie opened the door that leadeth In Iho roof of tlie 
[ulaee, when his bosom wa« coutrncied and he had become solitary 



4iW 



THE STOBY OF HASAN OF EL-BA^RAH. 



aiid Ion*:, nptl lie wccikImI upon il, and sat Uiere, lookiDg down upon 
the valley, and looking down abo towards the door, fearing leat 
Bome one nhould conic tu Uie pnlace. And while he was sitting ooe 
day, lo, ten birds approached htm, coming to the palace; and they 
ceased not to pursue their course until Utcy seated tlieiniielvcs upon 
tile margin of tJie ]>odI that is above tlie mandharali ; whereupon he 
looked at the hiid that was the most bcnutiful of tliem, und she 
was i>ecking the others, among which there was not oue that could 
fttntch fiiTth her cUw to her. Then they put their talons to 
their necks, rent open tlieir dressi>s of feathers, »nd came forth 
from thetn, and each of them became a damsel like ilie moon in the 
night of its fulness. After that, they disrobed themselves, whil« 
l^asaa stood looking at them, and ihey descended into the watert 
and proceeded to si>ort; the eliief damsel plunging the others, 
among whom there was not one wtio could put forth her hand to 
her; and she was the most beautiful of them in iace, and the most 
jusl of tiicm ill stature, and the moit clean of tliem in appard. 
They ceased not to do thus until the time of afternoon-prayers drew 
near, when they came fortli from the pool, put on their garments. 
Olid entered the apparel of feathers, in wliieh they wrapped them- \ 
selves, and they Hew away. Thereupon his niinii was troubled, and 
his heart was inflamed with 6rc, on account of the chief bird, and 
he re]H'ntvd that he had not stolen her apparel of feathers. He 
became sick, and remained upon the palace expecting her retam. 
and he abstained from food and drink and sleep. He continued in 
llial state until the new moon appeared { and while he was sitting, 
lo, they approached according to tlieir custom, and pulled off thetr 
garments, and descended into the pool. So he stole tfa« dress of j 
the chief damsel, and, knowing Uiat she could not fly save with it, 
lie took it and hid it, fearing tliat iliey would discover it and slay , 
liim. Then lie waited until the others had flown away; when lie] 
arose und tsei'Mil liei-, and brought her down from the top i^ the ' 
palace. — Upon this, her sisters said to her, And where is she? She 
answered tliem, Stic Is in his possession, in such a closet. And tlicy 
said, Descriht^ her to us, O our sister. She therefore said. She ts 
niori.- benutiful than the moon ia the night of lis fulness, and her 
Dace is more splendid tlian the sun, and llie moisture of her mouth 
is sweeter tlmn wine, and her figure is more elegant than (he slender I 




THE STORY OF M-^^AN OF EL-BA^RAH. 



4iil 



braucb. She hath bUck eyes, and brilliant face, aiid bright rorrhcad, 
and a bosom like pt^Arl, in which arc men the forms of two pom«< 
gnuAtrs; and she hath checks like two apples. She captivntcth the 
hearls by her eyes bordered with kohl, and by the sleiKlemeajt of 
her dclicnte waijt, and by ln-r heavy hipn, and !fi)ccch that cureth 
tJie uck. She is comely iu shape, beautiful in her sruile, like the 
fiill moon. 

Aud when the damsels heard these <ieseriptioii)i, tliey looked 
towards Hasan and said to him, Shew her to us. So he urosc with 
them, distracted witli love, aud proceeded until he had conducted 
them to die closet in which was the Kiiig'ii daughter; whereupon 
he opened it and entered, and they entered behind him ; and when 
tiwy saw her, and beheld her lovclinessi they kissed the ground 
before her, wondering at the beauty of her form, and at her 
elegance. They then saluted her, and said to her, By .'Vllali, O 
daughter of (he supreme King, llii* ix an egregious thing; but 
hadst thou heard the description of this human being among the 
women, thou wouldst have wondered at him all thy life. He is 
enamoured of thee to the utmost degree ; yet, O daughter of tiie 
King, he desireth not aught that is dishonest. He desireth tliee 
not save as his lawful wife ; and if we knew that damselit were coii> 
tent without husbands, we would have prevented him from attaining 
tJtc object of his desire, tiiougti lie »ent not to tlice a messenger, 
but came to thee himself; and he hath informed u» that he hath 




4Si 



THE STORY OV IMSAN OP EL-BASRAH. 



burnt tho drew of feathers : otherwise wc would hare takon it from 
him. — l*licn one of Uie damsels agrcc^l with her antl i)ecatn« her 
deputy fw the performance of the oeremony of the marriage- 
controcU She performed ihe ceremony of the contract of her 
marriage to Hasan, who took her hand," puuing his hand in hen, 
and she married her to him with her permiasion ; ofler which tJiey 
celebrated htr marriagft-ffcrtirity in the manner beGtuns tho 
daughters of Kings, and introduced him to her ; and he coiignilu. ' 
Uted himself thereupon, and recited these verse* : — 

Til)' (hup? h enlicing, and ihmr tye like thd gazrlle'*, and ihy face dripprlli J 

with tliB wntiT of hcouiy. 
lliou •ppt-arpil in mine eye most gloriotuly pictUKil, half of t)i«« of nili]r,i 

and a third or pi'Hrl, 
Aad a flflli of muak, iind a tixUi of ambergrii : tkou riwinliUat line |>earl i 

nay, ihou art nior« »pl«nilid. 
Evo liath noi liomc like thee any one, nor In tho Gardciw of Etemtty !■] 

anullier like thee. 
Then if ihuu wi>h my torni«nt, it wUI procMd tnm lova's lam; and if lliou 

will pnnliin, Ihoii linit llio choici^ lo ilo lo. 
O ornament of llic Horld, and uItiiobI objecl of d««iiv, who mi k««}i ftna 

o^joying lli« bvauly of Lliy facu F 

The dwntcli were standing nt tlie door, and when they heard 
verses, they said to Iier, O daughter of the King, hast d)ou heard ' 
the words of tins htininn being i How canst thou blame us, when , 
he haih recited these verses on the subject of his love for thee ?- 
And on her hearing that, she was happy and cheerful and glad. 
Then Husnn rcmuincd with her for a period of forty days, iu 
pleasure and hsppincxs and delight and joy, the damsels rencwinj; 
for hint, every day, festivity and beneficence and presents and 
nuities, and he passing his time among them in happinevi and 
cheerfulness ; iind the n-sidciice of the King's (laughter otnODg 
them became pleasant to her, ao that she forgot ber family. 

But after the forty days, Hasan was sleeping, and he saw hi* 
mother mourning for him : her bones had wasted, and her body 
had bccomo emaciated, and her complexion had become sallow, 
and her state was altered, while be was in good condition. Andl 
when she beheld him in this state, [as he thought,] she said to him, 
O my Nun, O Ha«uii, how is it tluit Ihou livest in the world, blest] 
with a pleasant life, and forgettest mc i Look nt the state id 



THE STORY OF HASAN OF EI^BA^KAH. 



433 



wliich 1 have been since ihy dcpurturc. 1 will not forget thee, 
nor H-il) my tongue cen&e to ntention thee until 1 die ; trnd I hnvo 
made for thcc « tonih in my homo, that 1 maj Dover forget thee. 
Shall I live, O niv son, and »ec tliec with inc, and shall we again 
be united 08 wo were ? — So Hnsati nwokc from hia sleep weeping 
and hunetiting ; liis tears ran down upon his ch<reks lilto rain, and he 
became sorrowful and affhctcd ; hi* tears ceased not, iior did sleep 
visit him, nor linil ho jiny rKJit, nor did any patience remain to him. 
And when he arose, the damsels came in to him, and wished hini 
good morning, and were cheerful with him as they were wont : but 
he looked not towards them. They ther<fore asked hia wife 
mpeeling his stale ; and she answered tliein, 1 know not. So 
ihey said to her, Ask thou him respecting his state. Accordingly 
she advanced to him, and said lu him, W))at is the matter, O my 
maater? And thereupon he sighed and was oppressed, and ae- 
ciuainled her with that which he liad seeu in his slee]). Then he 
recited these two verses : — 

Wc Imvc became diitracb'd in luitid, p«rplrxeil, wekiiig lo draw near, wiihoiit 

mcaiiB ordoiiJg it. 
Til* i-filituiltle* oriovB incrcnse upon u*, and the oiidurunce of lov« i* burdcn- 

Mnw to ii>. 

His wife therefore acquainted them with that wliich he had said to 
her J and when the damsels heard the verse*, they were moved witli 
pily for his state, and said to him, Favour us [by doing as thou 
deurest]: in th<> name of Allah. We cannot prevent tlice from 
vimling her : we will rather aid thee to do so by every means in 
our power. But it bchovetli thee to visit us, and not sever thyself 
from us, though in ovcry year thou come but once. — And he 
replied, I hear and obey. 

Tlieu the damscla arose immediately, prepared for him the 
proTisians, and equipped for him the bride with oriiaments and 
apparel and everything costly, such as language would fail to 
describe; luid thry also prepared for him rarities wMch pens cannot 
enumerate. After that, they beat the drum, and thereupon tho 
she-camels came lo them fmra cvvry quarter, and they chose of 
them such as should carry all that they had prepared. They 
mounted tliu damsel and Haaan, and put upon the camels, and 
brought to them, five aud twenty chests full of gold, and fifty of 




- •-• 'JfllTO 



silver. Then ihey proceeded with 
them for three days, during wliich 
tliej trarersed a space of three months' 
joumej' ; and having done wo, they 
bndtr him larewcll, and desired to re- 
turn from them. Upon thU, Hasan's 
sister, the youngest damsel, embraced 

him, and wept until she fiiintcd ; and when she recovered, »he 

recited these two venic* : — 

Would ttiKl the ilajr uf Mparali«n ksil ne'er twen t No lUep r«tnuMlh In my 

*)■«. 
7^10 anion of ua and ihce u broken, and our iinogtb and our bodjr met 

tntrrhlcA. 

Htcn, Imving 6nished her versos, slic bade Mm Earewell, 
strictly charged him that, when he had arrived nt liis 
(iiid met his mother, and his heart was tranquillized, he should I 
not tail to visit her once in every six months; and she said to 
hiroi When an afiiiir rendercth thee anxioiu, or thoa feaiest 
anything iltsngrceable, beat the drum of the Magian : there- 
upon the she-camels will come to thee, and do thou m«aot,, 
and return to us, and remain not 
away from us. And he swure 
to her that he would do so; 
a(Wr which he conjured them to 
return. So they re- 
turned, afler tliey had 
hidden him farewell, and 
mourned for his separa- 
tion ; and she who mourn- 
ed most was bin sister, 
the youngest damsel ; 




TIIE STORY OF HASAN OF EI^BASRAH. 



4«5 



for she found no rest, nor did patience obey her : she wept nigln 
and daj. 

Hasan proceeded idl ttic niglit nnd <iji_r. trnveming with hts 
wir« [Jie dcserla and wastes and the valleys and rugged tracts, 
during the midday-Iicat and the early dawn, and God decreed them 
safety. So tlicy were safe, and arrived at the city of El-Bafrali ; 
an<l ihey ceased not to pursue their way until they mode their 
camels kneel down at the door of his houite. He tlicn dismissed 
the camels, and advanced to the door to open it ; and he heard hia 

I mother weeping with a soil voice, that proceeded from a bosom 
which had experienced the torturi' of fire, wliilc she recited tlicse 
verses : — 



How can the lute ili-cp who hath lott Mrantrlcney, and in wakcTuI at night 

whilv (ilhcra rvpuar ? 
Sho po«t««Mil richM >n<1 family snd glory ; but hntb become a stranftcr snil 

•otiur^'. 
Fire and jctoun'mj; art in hrr bniuim, aad noUnt longini; thai cnnnol 1)« 

rxceeddl. 
PimIoii liatli gajiivd duminioii over favr. Sbo moancth Tor her tulFeTinjp; but 

ufinn. 
Her >laU under the influence of love telleth that fhc ii mourning nnd afllicled, 

and her lean are witncuei. 



And Hasan wept when he heard his mother weeping and lament- 
ing ; and luT knocked at the door with alarming violence. So his 
mother said. Who is at the door? And he n'phed, Open: — 
wherefore she opened the door, and looked at him ; and when she 
knew him, she fell down in a fit ; and he ceased not to caress Iicr 
until she recovered, when he emhrnced her, and she embraced him 
and kissed him. He then conveyed his goods and propt^rty into tite 
house, while the damsel looked nt him and at his mother ; and the 
mother of Hasan, when her heart was tranquillized, and God had 
reunited her to her son, recited tliese verses :— 

Fortune haih compuuonated my cair. and feh pity for Ih« longth of Mjr 

lonncnt. 
And granted mv wImI I dMirtd, and removed that wUch t drcad<d. 
I wBI Ibenfore fDi]p*« iU oSmeet oainmlll«d In Cbrmcr tima ; 
EvM the injiutic* It hath ■h«wn In the Inming of my hair gr*y. 

Hasan and his motlicr then sat conversing togetlicr, and slie 



vat., in. 



3i 



4as 



THF. STORY OP HASAN OF EL-BA»RAn. 



said to him, How was thy state, O my Ron, Mrith the Perawi ? He 
answered her, my mother, lie win not [""'y] * Pcndan, but he 
WAN It Magian, who worshipped fire instead of the Ahnighly King. 
And be informed her of what he had done with him ; that he had 
travelled with Iiini, and put luni into the skJn of the camel and 
R'wed it up over him, and tliat the birds liad carried him ofT, and 
put him down upon llie top of the mountain. lie told ber too what 
he had seen upon the mountain, namely the dead men, whom the 
Ma^liin liad dcludt-d and left upon the mountain after they had ae- 
complished liis affair; and how he cast himself into the sea from 
the top of the mountain, and God (whose name he exalted!) pre- 
served him, and conducted Iiim to the palace of the dainseltt; and 
of the sisterly love of the youngest damsel for bim, and his re«- 
denee with the damseU; and how God had conducted the Magian 
to the place in which lie was residing. He also tuid her of hi» 
paHsion for the d^imxi-l wliom ll(^ had married, and how he caught 
her, and her whole story, [and the suhsoqucnt events] until God re- 
united them. And when bis mother heard his stoi^', she wondered, 
and praised God (whose name he exalted!) for his health and 
safety. She tlicn arose and went to those packages, and looked at 
them, and asked him respecting them; and he ai;<)iiaintc<I her wit]i 
their coTitents; whtreat shi- rejoiced exceedingly. And after that, 
alie advanced to the damsel, to converse with her and to cheer her 
by her company; and when her eye fell upon her, her mind was 
fltupified by her conielinexii, and nhe rejoiced and wondered at her 
beauty and loveliness and her stature and justness of form. Then 
she unid to Hasan, O my son, praise be to God for thy safety, 
and for thy «ifo rctiirn ! And she »al by the wde of the damsel, 
cheering her by her company, and comforting her heart; alicT 
wlitch, early the next day, she went down into tho market, and 
bought ten tuiia, the most sumptuous garments (hat were in the 
city. She abo brought for her magniliccnt furniture, and elnd the 
damsel, and adomet! bcr with everything beautiful. Then site 
accosted her son, and said, O my son, with thts wealth we cannot 
live in this city; for thou knowest that wc were poor, and the 
people will accuse us of practising alchemy. Therefore arise with 
us, and let us go to tbc city of Baghdad, the Abode of Peace, that 
we moy re«de in the saercd asylum of the Khah-efeh, and thon 



i 



THE STORY OF llASAN OF KL-BASRAit. 



iS7 



shalt sit in n shop and >cU and buy, and foar God (to whom bo 
iiscribcd might and gluryl): then wiU Gud opcii to thcc the doom 
of proaperity by means of this wealth. — And when l;[asan beard 
her words, he approved tbeni. 

He arose immediately, and went forth from her, sold the houxc, 
and summoned the Kbe-cameU; and he put upon them all his riehe> 
and good*, together with hi* mother and his wife. He set forth, 
and cea^d not to pursue bis jourm^y until he ariivod nt the Tijn'is ; 
when be hired a vessel to convey them to Baghdad, embarked in it 
all his wealth and effects, and his mother and bin wife, and every- 
thing that was with him, and went on board the vessel, whieh eon- 
veyvd tbcm with a fair wind for a period of ten d»y9, until they 
came in sight of Baghdad; and when they came in sight of it, they 
rejoiced. The vessel brought them into the city, and l.Iaaan landed 
there forthwith, and hired a magazine in one of the Kb^ns. lie 
then mnored bis goods from the vessel to the magazine, and went 
up, and remained one night in tlie KliAn; and when he arose in th^ 
morning, he ctiaiiged lii« liothes; and the broker, seeing him, aaked 
him respecting his ail^ir, and what he desired: so he said to him, I 
desire a house, handsome and ample. And the broker shewed him 
tlie Imuses that he had to let, and a house that had belonged to one 
of tile WeEcers pleased him; wherefore he hoiij^ht it of him for a 
hundred tliousand pieces of gold, and gave him the price. Then he 
returned to the Khan in which be bad taken lodguig, and removed 
thence all hia wealth and his goods to the house; after which he 
went forth into the market, and bought what was requisite for the 
bouse, of utensils and furniture and other tilings. He purchased 
abo cunucttf, and among them was a young black slave, for tlie 
house. And ho resided in ease with his wife, enjoying the most 
delightful life and hiippini-7«, fur the space of three ycnn, during 
which he was bU-vxed by her with two boya, one of whom he named 
Na;[ir, and iIh-- other Mansoor. 

'I'lteu, alYer this period, he remembered his ststers, th« damsels 
before mentioned, and he remembered their kindness to him, and 
how they had aided him to attain bis desire. So lie longed to see 
them; and, having gone fortb to the market:! of the city, be bought 
there some ornaments, and costly stufls, and dried fruits, the like of 
which tbey bad nercr mcd nor known. His mother ihercforc 




4S0 



THE STORY OF I^ASAN OP EI^BA§ftAH. 



plied, O mj mistrcsN, liuUt thou said these words to ono of tlw 
female slaves, Kh« would hare demanded to be sold in tlie market, 
and would not have remained with you. Dm, O my misLress, men 
are vxciuable ; for they arc jcaloufi, and their minds aay to them, 
that the woman, if she go fortli from her house, will perbapa cooimit 
a dishonrat action ; and noinon, O my mistress, arc not all alike. 
Thou knowest too that a woman, if she have a desire for a thiug, no 
one can overcome her, nor can any one set a guard over her or pre- 
serre her, or debar her from tlic bath or anything else, or front 
doing all thai she desirelli. — Then »hc wept, and cursed herself, aiH) 
began t<» bewuji for liL-rsfli', iind for her absence from iicr native 
country. So the mother of her husband pitied her atate, and knew 
that all which she said roust be done. Wherefore she arome and 
prepared the things tliat they required for the bath, and took her 
niid went to the bath. .\nd when they entered it, they pulled off 
their dotlies, and all the woroen began to look at her and to extol 
the perfection of God (to whom be ascribed might and glory !), con- 
templating the bt-aiitilVil i'orm that Ha luul crealrd. Every woman 
whij passed by tlic bath entered and diverted herself by viewing her. 
The fame of her spread through the city, and tlte wonteii crowded 
upon her, and tlie batli could not be passed tlirough by reason uf the 
number of women who were in it. Now it happened in couaeijuencc 
of this wonderful event, lliat there came to the bath tliat day one of 
tlie slave-girls of (he Prince of llie Fsitlifiil, Haroon £r-Rashced, 
called Tohfeh" the lule-pUyer; and seeing tlie women crowding 
together, and the hath not to bo passed though by reason of the 
number of tlic women and girls, she asked what was the matter, and 
they informed her of the damsel. So she enmc in to her and looked 
at herandiiewed her attentively, and her mind was confounded by 
her beauty and loveliness. She extolled the perfection of God 
(greatly be He glorified 1) for tlie beautiful forms that he bad cre- 
ated, and entered not [the inner apartment] nor washed ; but sat 
confounded at the sight of the damsel until the damsel had made an 
end of washing, and come forth and put on her clothes, when she 
ajipeared still more beautiful. Aud when she can>e forth from tlie 
hararali," she sat upon tlie carpet and tlie cushions, the women 
gazing at her ; and sl)e looked at them and went forth. 

Tohfeh tlie lutc-playcr, the slave-girl of the Khalcefch, aiom 



TIIE STORY or HASAN OF EL-BASRAH. 



431 



and went forth with her, and proceeded with lier until Kh« knew her 
house, wlien »hc bade her fiirt-well, and she relumed to the palace 
of ihe KLaleefeli. She ceAsed not to pass on until she came before 
the lady Zuheydeh, and kissed the ground before ber ; whereupon 
the lady Zubcydeh Bnld, O Tolifch, what is the reason of thy loiter- 
ing in tlitt hath ? So she answered, O my mistress, I saw a wonder, 
the like of wliich I liave not s(-en ftniong men nor among women, 
and that was the thing which diverted my attention and amazed my 
mind and confounded mc so that 1 did not wash my head. And the 
Indy Zubcydeh said. And what was it, O Tohfch ! She answered, 
O my mistress, I saw u diimsel in the bath, having with her two 
yoimg children, like two moons, and none hath beheld the Uko of 
her, neither before her nor after her, nor doth there exist the like 
of her form in the whole world. By thy beneficence, O my mis- 
tress, if thou acf|uainled*t the Prince of the Faithful with her, he 
would slay her Imshand, and take lier from him ; for there existetli 
not one like her among women. 1 inquired respecting lier husband, 
and they said that her husband is a merchant, whose name is Hasan 
of El-Basrali. And I followed her when she went forth from tlie 
bath until she entered her house, whereupon I saw it to be the 
bouse of the Weaeor, that hath two entrances, an entrance on tlie 
side of the river and an entrance on the side of the land. I fear, O 
my mistress, that the Prince of the Faitiiful may hear of her, and 
that he will disobey the law, and slay her husbtmd, and marry her. 
—Upon this, the Indy Zubeydch said, Wo to thee, O Tohfeb ! la 
this damsel endowed with sucli beauty and loveliness that the Prince 
of tlie Faithful would sell his religion for his worldly enjoyments, 
and disobey the law on licr accoimt ? By Allah, 1 must have a 
sight of this damsel ; and if she be not as thou hast described, I will 
give ordcn to strike off thy head, O wicked woman 1 In the palace 
of the Prince of the Faitiiful are three hundred and sixty slaro 
girU, according to the number of the days of (he year, among wliom 
there is not one such as thou hast doscribeil. — And she replied, 
O my mistress, no, by Alhih ; nor is there in all Baghdad the like 
of her; nay, neitber among the foreigners nor amoi^ tlie Arabs, 
nor hath God (to whom be ascribed might and glory !) created the 
like of hcT. 

So upon this llic iaily Zubeydeh summoned Mesroor, whooun* 



iSZ 



THE STORY OF HASAN OF EL-BASRAH. 



and ki»»«J the ground be/ore ber; «nd she said lo him, O Mcsroor, 
go lo the houM of the Wpzccr, that halh two entrances, iin entnocr 
towards the rivor, and an cntroncc towards tjic land, and bring to 
me the damitel who U there, to^ctlter witli her children, and the old 
woman who is with tier, quickly, and loiter not. And Mesroor n- 
plicd, 1 bear and obcj:. He went forth from before her, and pm- 
cewJcd until he arrived at the door of the house, whereupon ht- 
knock<-d at the door, and the old woman, the inotlier of Ijtasau, 
eanie forth to him, saying. Who ia at the door? He answered her, 
Mesroor, the eunuch of the Prince of the Faithful. So she op«DMl 
the door, and he entered, and saluted her, and the uilutrd him, and 
asked hijn respecting his business. He therefore said to her, The 
lady Zubcydch the daughter of Kl-K&iim, the wife of the Prince 
of the Fnithful, Haroon Kr-Rawheed, the fifth" of the sons of El- 
*Abb)is the uncle of the Prophet (whom may God favour and pre- 
serve!), summonctb thee to her, thee and the wife of thy son, and 
her children; for the women have informed her re!<i>ecting her and 
respecting her bi^uty. Up<Hi this, the ntother of Hasan said, O 
Mcsroor, we arc ntnuigers, and the damsel's husband, my son, is not 
in the city, and lie did not order me to go fortli, neither mc nor she, 
to any one of the creatures of God (whose name be exalted!); and 
I fear, if anything happen and my son eome, he will slay himselt 
I beg then, of thy kindness, O Mesroor, tluit thou impose not upon 
us a command which we arc unable^ to perform. — But Mcsroor re- 
plied, my miiitroNH, if I knew that in this were aught to be feared 
on your account, I would not require you to go. The desire of the 
lady Zubeydeh is only to see her, and she shall return: thcreforo 
disobey not; for tliou wouldsit repent; and like as I take you I 
will bring you back hither safe, if it be the will of God, uhose name 
I>e exalted ! — So the mother of Hnsan could not disobey tiim ; where- 
fore she entered, and made ready the dnmael, and took her forth, 
together with her children. They f<dIowed Mesroor, who preceded 
ttu'm to tiie patacc of the Khnteefeh, and led them up and 
stationed ll»em before the lady Zubeydeh, whereupon they kiucd 
the ground before her, and prayed for her. The rlamsel bad her 
face covered: so lh<! lady Zubeydeh said to her, Wilt thou not UD' 
eov<-T thy face, that I may see it ? The dAmscl therefore kiaaed tlu 
KTOund before her, and displayed a face that put to shame the 



I 



THE STORY OP HASAN OF ELBASHAH. 



433 



moon in tlie horixon of the sk_7; and when the hdy Zubeydeh bc- 
hrld her, she fixed h«r i'yw« in asionishnient upon her, and let them 
vrniider over her, and the palnco wn* illumined by her splendour 
and by the light of her countenance, /ubeydch was (iinniied at her 
beauty, aiul ko also was every one in the palace, and every one who 
beheld her became insane, tinable to speak to another. The lady 
Zubeydeh tlien arose, and niadc^ the dainst-l stand, aii<l she prcsiied 
her to licr bosom, seated her with herself upon the couch, and com- 
manded tiiat lh(7 should decorate tlie palace; after which she gave 
orders to biing for her a suit of the most magniBccnt apparel, and n 
necklace of the most precious jewels, and decked the damsel with 
therm, and said to her, O mistres* of buiutioi, verily ihou hast 
pleased me, and filled my eye with d<dight. What Imst tliou among 
thy treasures? So the damsel answered, O my mistress, I have a 
<W*»«f fcalhcrs: if I were to put it on before thee, iliouwouldst see 
a thing of the most beautiful make, that thou wouldst wonder at, 
nnd every one who would see it would talk of its beauty, generation 
after generation. — And where, eaid Zubcydch, is this thy dress? 
She ancwcred, It is in l!ic possession of the mother of my Iiu*ban<i; 
so demand it for me of her. 

The lady Zubcydch therefore said, O my mother, by my life I 
conjure thee that thou go down and bring to her her dress of feathers, 
that she may amune us with rlie sight of that whieh she will do, and 
lake thou it again. The old woman replied, O my mistress, thin 
dnniscl is a liar. Itave we seen any woman possessing a tlress of 
feathers? lliis is n thin"; that pertaincth not to any hut hirdsi. — 
The (lamaet however said to tlie lady Zube)<l<-h, I(y thy life, O my 
mistress, I have in her posseBsion a dress of feathers, and it is in a 
clte«t buried in the closet that ia iu the house. So the lady Zubcj- 
deh p\dlcd ofl' from her neck a necklace of jewels worth the Irwuures 
of a Kisira and a CVs.ar, nnd said lo her, O my mother, receive this 
necklace. And slie handed it to her, aaying to her, By my life I 
conjure tliee that thou go down and bring that dress, that we may 
divert ourselves with the sight of it. and take ihuu it again after 
tlial. But she swore to her tlutt she had not seen thia dress, and that 
s1m> knew not where to find i(. And upon this, tlic lady Zubcyddi 
cried out at the oh) woman, and, havijig taken from her the key, 
vitled Jhle^nwr, who came, and she uid to him. Take tliis key, and 
roL. ni. ■• ' 



434 



THK STORV OP i)ASMi OF Et^BASRAH. 



tfo to the house, and open it, 
and enter the elosel of whtcli 
thu (liinr is or audi tuid sucb 
41 drNerigniun : in the mitlsl 
uf it ta a ch«dt, which take 
thou up, and break it, aud 
bring the dress of fcath«n 
that is in it Wfore me. So 
he replied, I hear and ol>ay. 
He took tJ»e key from the 
hand of the lady Zubeycleh, 
and went J and the old wo- 
man, tile motlicr of Hasan, 
arose, with weeping eye, n- 
|ientij)g of tier compliance 
with the deaine of tfiu damsel, 
and of bavin); gone u.> (he 
hiith with hers for the dainael 
had nut desired to go to the 
hath «ave for the purpose of 
pmcti«ngnstrat«<^ni. Then 
ihi* old woman entered the 
house with Me^iroor, andabe 
opened the door of the doset: 
so he entered, and took forth 
ilie diest, took irom it the 
dress of feathers, and, having 
wrapped it in a napkin that he hud wiUi him, brought it u> tlw ladj 
Zubcydeh, who took it and turned it over, wondering at the beauty of 
its make. She then handed il to th« damae), sa,viiig to her. Is tliis 
thy dress of featlicrs? She answered, Yon, O my raiatreos. And 
she stretched forth her hand to it and took it from her, full of Joy. 

Tlte damael examined it, and saw lliat it was perfect as it ma 
when upon her, not a single feather of it being lost. She was 
therefore delighted with it, and rose from ilie side of llie lady 
Zubcydeh, took the dreds and ojwncd it, and took her children in 
her bosom ; after ^vhich »hc wrapped herself in it, and became a bird, 
by the power of God, to whom be ascribed might and gloiyl " 
the lady Zubeydeh wondered at tliat, as also did every ooi 





THE STORY OF HASAN OF EL-BASKAH. 



4S9 



I 



iraa present; all of tlicm woTuIcnng at tliiit which she did. Tlic 
damsel Icuiit Troiii nidc to kkIc-, nnd walked iibout, iind <liiiict'd and 
pkyed; oiid tlii> pfrrsoiu pri-seiit had fixed their «yca in astonish- 
ment upon hor, wniideriiig at her actions. Shi- ihen said to them, 
with an elcHiucnt tongue, O my niistrc»»ca. is this beautiful ! Tlie 
persona present answered hor, Yes, O mistress of beauties : oil that 
thou hast dono is beautiful. And she said to them. And this that 
I am uboiit to do will be more beautiful, O my mislresse*. And 
fht! expanded her wings, and Hew up with her children above the 
cupola, uid stood upon the roof of the ttaloon. So the; looked 
at her nnd said to her. By Allah, tJiis is an extraordinary and s 
bttautiful art, tluit we have never before beheld ! Then the damsel, 
when she desired to By away to her country, remembered Hasan, 
and said, Hear, O my mistresses! And she recited these verw-s:— 

O (hoti w)iu lifHl qtii(ti-d (lieu ninnnionii nnd <!c|«rt«d to the object* of (Iiy 

Inv4< Tviih mpiil flight '. 
Doit thou thmh thiit I continue in comfurt among you, and that your lUV hath 

not liccoinc a life of Uoiiblct ! 
When I vat tnkin cnplivf in tW »nar(i of lnir«, h« mndo love my priicn, Md 

went f.ir suny. 
Whoii my drru wiu hidden, he felt rare that 1 ihould not implore tho One 

the Omnipotent, to roitore il. 
Ho charged hi« mother to keep i( carefully in a i-loMl, »nd iranigrcwed 

ogninut me, nnd opprencd : 
Uul I licurd tlieit nutdi and kept thcm in my memory, and concclTcd hopes 

ofabiindiuit jrood (urliinc. 
My going to the batti wu> thi- inMn« of making the miodi uf people lu b« 

confounded nt Hit tight of nio ; 
And the tpouw of Rr-Riuherd wondered at nij- beanty, wli«n »hc IwhrW me 

on the right nnd loft. 
Then I mid, O wire of the Khalcefeli, I pasie*> a, dttf« of fenthen of great 

mngnificfncc. 
If it were upon me, thou woiildttt Ke wondon (lial would elFacH lorrow and 

ditpene trouble*. 
So ihe ipouio of the Khnlcefeh onkcd. Where ta il! .And I aniwered. In the 

houie of him nho linth hidden it. 
And Mtsrooi pounced down and brought it tu her i and lo, it vas litre, l>eain- 

!ng with light. 
Thereupon I look tl from hi* linnd and opened it, and I ww hi bo«unt and it> 

bultoM. 
Tliea I entered il. baring isj ckildrea with me, uad n|)aiid«il my wing*, and 

n<« away. 
O mo4k(TT of my (iiuInumI, 1*11 him wtint Im cumelli, if h« «i>fa la meet inc, bo 

mit>l loava hi* koiitr. 



430 



TIIE STORY OF HASAN OF Ef-.BASRAII. 



And when she had ended her versos, ikc ludj Zubcydch said to hvr. 
Wilt thou not dcsecnd to uk, that vre may continue to enjoy 
thy beauty, O mitttrest of the comely ? Kxtollul be tiie pcr&ctian 
of Him who hatb endowed tliee with eloquence and beauty 1 — But 
she replied. Far from returning be that which bath passed 1 Sbc 
then said to the mother of Hftsan> the mourning, the wretched, By 
Allah, O my mistress, O motbcr of Hasan, thou wilt render inv de- 
aoLatc! by tliini? nlKxenec ; but when thy son hath coine, and the days 
of separation hav<- hecoiiiv tedious to him, and he dedreth approach 
and meeting, and the winds of love and longing desire agitate hini, 
let bim come to me in the Islands of Wa^-Wak."— And she flew 
away witli her chihlren, and sought hcrcounlr}'. 

W'hen llie motlter of Hasan beheld this, she wept, and slapped 
her face, and wailed until she fainted ; and when she recovered, the 
lady Zubeydeh said to her, O my mistress the pilgrim," I did not 
know tliat thlit would liappen ; and if thou lindst acquainted me 
with it, I would not have opposed thee. I knew not that she was 
of the Flying Jinn before tlie present time ; and lud I known that 
she was of this nature, I would not have allowed her to put on the 
dress, nor would 1 have suffered her to take her children. But, O 
my mistress, absolve mo. — And the old woman replied, having no 
way of avoiding it, Thou art absolved. She then went forth from 
the palace of the Khaleefeh, and ceased not to pursue her way until 
she entered her house, when she proceeded to slap lier face until she 
ftinted again; and when alio recovered from her fit, she sorrowfully 
longed for t)ie dnnisci and for her children, and for (he sight of her 
son, and recited these verses : — 



Oil the day of ncparstioii, ycur rtniovsl madv mi> wr^p, Iwnenliiig on nceoonl 

ol' your uhsvncv from li(>m(>, 
I erifil oiii, th»ii lliv i>airi uf jiarting, in uiiguiiili, and tpan liad umkI* my *ye- 

liili lore. 
This b Hpitraiion ! Slmll ne enjoy your rehirn 1 Far yonr deporturo hiib 

<lf|)rived me of tile power of eimcmlincnL 
Would ilicy luid rvtiirned, unU ubicrvvil guod taiih I If th«y do m>, ]i«rlt^n 

my funiiCT limea may rilurn. 



Then she arose, and dug in the house three graves;" and she be- 
took herself to tliein, weeping night and day. And wb"* ••"• 



THE STORY OF l^lKSMi OP EL-BAS[LVII. 



487 



tbticnce of her son became tcdiuiu to licr, niid her disquioludc and 
longing and mouniing became excessive, she recited these verses: — 

Thine imngc is witliin niina cyslid), ftnit I tliiiik nf ihoa ulicn my hoiirt J* 

llirobbing and wlipii it !■ ijiiict, 
Anil love i>r (hcp Imili circulated in my bonri, lu circiilnt«i llio juice in the 

fiuits ii|iuii the bruiichci : 
<^iid wlien I ten thci^ nut, inj' husum ii tunlracted, oiid thi> ceuturrn flcuM 

m* for my sorrow*. 
O thou wlioic lave hath ^nt posKiuoii of me, and for wlioin my diftroetloii 

cxcccdcih my nli'cction. 
Fear lliu Coiiipavsiuriulc. wiili respect l« mc, and be merciful ! Love of tliee 

hath itiadf Die tu tniil« of ilcHlh. 

But as to hor son Hasan, when he aunc (o thi^ damsels, tliry 
conjured him tu stay with thcin for three months. And nflvr that 
period, they prepared for him the wealth, and made ready fur him 
ten loads, five of gold and five of silver, and also of provisions one 
load; ttfler which they bade him commence his journey, and went 
forth with him ; but he conjuivd llicm to return. So tJicy odviuiccd 
to embrace him, for tlie purpose of bidding Iiim farewell. The 
youngest damsel first advanced to him, and she embraced him, and 
wept until she fainted. Then she recited these two verses: — 

Wlwn ahall Ilie lire now kindled hy icpBra^on bo quvnchcd by your approach, 
and my dcuK be nccompliihed by your prcnencc, and wlicn iholl wc be 
Di funnerly t 

The dny of pnMlng hath filled me witli terror, and hath oMiclcd me ; and the 
•ct of bidding thco fiirawell, O my niiLBier, liath inortiaMd my infirmity. 




436 



THE STORY OK IJASAN OP EL-BA^RAH. 



The wcond ilunuci next aj^roachcd, aitd embraced bim, and recited 
thia couplet : — 

nid^init thcc (ueirtll ii likt^ bidding lir« brawtD ; and (Iw luu «r tbe« b l£kc 

llie Ion of th4i i^pliyr." 
Thine nbxiic* a like s flrn that burnclh my heart, and in iLy jirowiiM I m- 

joy tba GBrdciii (i( Dclittht. 

In like muniicr atso did tlie other damsels ; each enibraciiig him and 
reciting a eoiiplcL ThiMi Hasan hade them farewell. He wrpt 
iinli) he fainted, on account of his scparadon from them, and recited 
these vorsea: — 

My Imrx flawed, on tbe day of aepatnlion, Uke pevb, and I made or ih«tn, h 

il were, 8 necklMcn. 
Tli« cnnirt-drivcr urgod on tlio li«A«t« <rilh iliigjiig, Jind I found not «tr«nglh 

nor pnticncr, nor wiu my liffnrl wilh mo. 
1 bade them farewell : then retired in griof^ and quitted tbe taciety of ibc 

plpoei 1 hod frequented. 
1 returned — DVJi waa the way ! — and my tout «rat not c^ratbrtcd mtv by twjmg 

to come again and «ee thee. 
O my friend, lintcti lu the words u( li)ve I (Jtiit forbid that I ibould speak and 

ihy heart Hhould not remember! 
Riy loiil, when thou parte»[ with Ihcm, alio part wilb the driigbt of Ufl. 

and wiah not to aurvivc! 

He then pursued his journey witli assiduity, night and day, until 
ho arrived nt Bdghdiid, the Abode of Pence, and the sacred a^lum 
of tilt! 'Abhi'uei! Khalm-fchs; and he knew not what had happened 
aflcr his departure, 

He entered the house, and went in to ]iis mother to salute lier; 
but he saw that her body was emaciated, and her bones were wa.sted, 
by reason of exc<-eiliiig lamentation and sleeplessness, and wcoping 
and groaninjr, so that *\\t: liad become like a toothpick, and *he was 
unable- lu reply. He dismissed the she-cameb, and advanced to hcrj 
and when he beheld her in tliis state, he went about the liouse 
acarcbing for his wife and children ; and found not any trace of 
them. Then he- lookt-d into the closet, and he found it o|>cn, and 
the chest also opt^n, and he found tiol in it the drejiN. So upon this 
he knew that she had got possession of the dress of feathers, and 
taken it, and flown away, taking her children with her. He there- 
fore returned to hi« motlior, and, seeing that she had recovered from 
licr fit, he asked her respccliii}^ his wife and his children ; and «h^ 



THE STOKY OF HASAN OF EUlASIlAa 



■199 



wppi, and said, O my son, may God oompcnsiitc thcf {irciitly for the 
loss of tlicin ! ThcsB are their three tombs. — And when hi- htrard 
the words of his mother, he uttered a great cry, and fell down in a 
fit, and thus be remained from tlic eoaimoncemeiit of the day utitil 
noon. The fir'^f *^f '"'* "nither therefore increased, iind she dc- 
si)aired of his life. And when he j-eeovered, lie wept, and slumped 
his tiicc, niid rent his clothes, and went about the lioutte confounded. 
Then he recited tJiese two verses : — 

PMvont befoTe me hnvc boinomied the paiii of nbaeiicr, *i)d living uiid Aead 

liavc lircii tcrrillcil )iy rslraiigcmrnt ; 
But on in*Uincc uf (bclingi likv thow iii mj bosom I have never heard of nor 

beheld. 



And after he hud concluded his verses, he took his sword and drew 
it, and, coming to his mother, tic said to her, If thou acquaint me 
not with iho truth of the case, I will strike ofl' thy head, and slay 
niyaelf. So she naid lu him, O my son, do nut that, and 1 will in- 
form thee. Theti she said to him, Sheathe thy sword, and sit, that 
I muy tell tliee what happened. And when he had sheathed his 
sword and seated himself by her side, she repeated to him tlie story 
ftont beginning to end, and said to liim, O my son, if I had not seen 
her weep to go to the hath, and fe^ired thee, that thou wouldst 
come and that she would comphtin to thee, and thou wouldist be 
incensed against me, I had not gone with her thither. And if the 
lady Zubeydeh had not been iiicensed against ine, and taken from 
me the key by force, I had not ukon forth the dress, though I 
should bare died; and, O my son, thou knowest tliat no one can eon- 
ten<l for miperiority in power with the Khalcefch. Then, when 
they brought the drtss to her, she took it and turned it over, ima- 
gining that some |>art of it might be lost; but she found that no 
injury had happened to it. She therefore rejoiced, and, hating 
tnkeii lier children, she bound them to her waist, and put on the 
dreM of featliers, after the lady Zubeydeh luid pulled ufl' and given 
to her all that was upon her, in honour of her, and for her love- 
liness. Aitd when she had put on lite dress of feathers, slie shook, 
and became a bird; and she walked about the palace, while they 
looked at her and wondered at her beauty and loveliness. She then 
Rcw up. and perched u(>on the palace; and after tlmt, she looked 



440 



THE STORY OF HASAN OP EL-BASHAIt. 



Ht me and said to me. When thv son hnth come, and ill*; nights <>( 
8«])aration have become tcdiotu to liim, mid he d<«irvtli to n|)i>roacU 
snd meet mc, and the vrinA» of lore ami longing desire agitate bitn, 
he mtut leave hii home, and re]>air to the Islands of Walc-Wak. 
Thus did she during thine ahsence. 

Now when Hasan heard the words of his mollier, be uttered a 
great cry, and fell dovm in a fit. He ceased not to lie in this state 
until the close of the day; and when he recovered, he slapped his 
face, and rolled about on the floor like a serpent. His mother sat 
weeping at his head until midnight; and «Aer he luid rccoveml 
from his fit, he wept vehemently, and recited tlu'sc verse*:— 

Vaate, and ice the condition of him whom you sbaikdoa ; poriiaps yaa >ill 

pity him after yoiir cruelty ; 
For if }'uu H-e liim, you niil doubt of hint, by muon of hi* sicfctioa, ■> 

t1ioim;b, by Allah, jou knru him not. 
lU i* dying III vorisdiurnce «( hig pamiou far you, and would bo numbered 

nmoiiK the dead, but for lili grootting. 
Do iiol imngitie your sepantlioii to be tight: it i* ^evmis ta lb« l«<r«r, ml 

death would be caiier. 

Anil when he had ended hiit verses, lie arose, and continued going 
ahotit the house, moaning and weeping and wailing, for a {period of 
Bve days, during which he tasted not food nor drink. So fais 




THE STORY OF i^AH OF KLBAiJRAU. 



441 



motlit-r wi'nt to him and coDJurcd him with oaths to ttbatniu from 
weepinjc; but he yiHdcd not to her words, and ceased not to weep 
and wail. Hiii innthur jlill utltMiiplrrd to console him ; hut he would 
noi nttcnd to aughl that she said. He continued in this state, 
wi-cpiiig until the next morning. Then his eyes slumbered, and he 
saw his wifi; mourning and weeping; whereupon he arose from his 
sleep, cr^ng out, and recited Uimv two vt-ntc*;— 



I 



Tlilne image U vrilli tae, uid ncrer quittelli mc. I linv« giren it the uiosl 

Iiailoilr>i)il« place in my lii-ntl. 
But Tor tiie hope or Teiiiiluii, 1 could not live n iiiuiiiciit ; and but I'ur (Iio 

phanloin or thy form, I would not xl«o|i. 

And iu tlie morning his wailing and weeping increased. He re- 
mained with weeping:; eve and mourning heart, sleepless during the 
■light, and eating little; and he continued in this statv fur the space 
of a whole month. 

But when tliat month had passed, it occurred to his mind thot 
lie should journey to his sisters, in order that they might assist him 
to attain his desire of regaining his wife. So he summoned the 
excfUent she-camels, loaded fifty with rarities of KI-'Enilj, and 
mounted one of tht^in. He then diorged his mother wilJi the care 
of the house, and conunitled all his goods [to the custody of persons 
of hia acquaintance], except a few things that he IcIV in the house ; 
after which he set forth on his journtry Ig lii.i sisters, hoping (liat 
he might obtain their aid to effect his reunion witli his wife. Ito 
ceased not to pursue his way until he arrived at the palace of the 
damsels by the Mountain of Clouds ; and when he went in to them, 
he presented to tlit-ni the gifts, with which they weie delighted; 
and they congratulated him on his safety, and said to him, O our 
brother, what is the reason of thy coming so quickly, when thou 
hast nut been absent from us mare ilian two months ? And uj>on 
thia he wept, and recited these verses: — 

I find my uul *iiliiatoui on account of the Ium <f iu belovfd, ei^oying not 

lilv HOT iu ddiglit*. 
M]r <ti»ra>c ii one of «)iich tite cum I* unkiionn. AoA con mj an« ciuo 

diti-auK but thdr phyiician f 
O tlioa wIm IidbI drboind uio Train tlio iltligU of slerp I UiOU liOM kA inc t« 

aiquire tot Ihee of tlie wind wlion ii Uovrtb, 



*«(■ 



a h 




If il be Mtx U) the place of lli« br.lovod, who conipriicth thmic cliamu 1 

excite mine eye U weep. 
Uiou who nlif[Hleil in her country! pcrhnpi lliy breiiili niuy revive 

heart by its rragmnce. 

Aud when bo bad ctidcd bis verses, he uttered a great cry, and fell 
down in It fit; imd the damsels seated themselves aroiuid him. 
weeping f«r liini, unlil he recovered from bis fit; whereupon he 
recited this couiilel : — 

Probftbly ronun* nill turn iu nin, and brtag ti^ btlgrvdj Ibr linM h 

change^bl* i" 
And my fortune mny proiper me, and my wanbi be perfotint^ nnd happy 

evrnts miy follow ndvcrw. 

lie continued for some time weeping and fainting, and rcciting^H 
tCPsesj and the dainscls hnd retired; but when his suter heard his 
words, .the came fortli to hini, and »aw liim King in a fit; upon 
which she cried out, onil ^InpjKrd hi-i- faec ; and her si»tvri. bearing 
Iter, came forth to her, and beheld Hasan Ij-ing in « fit They sur- 
rotindcd him, and wept for him; und when thcj eaw him in this 
utalo, the ecstasy iin<l distraction of Inve, tind (uiiging d(.-«iro, thai 
nllei-led him no longer remained concealed from ihcin. 



THK STORY OF HASAN OF KI^BASHAII. 



4M 



'Viwy then naked him respecting his condition, and he wept, 
and an^uaiiitL-d tJiem with that which had befallen him during bis 
absence from home, telling them that his wife had flown away, and 
taken her children with her. So they mounted fi>r iiiin, and askeil 
him what the said when she departed ; and lie answered, O my 
sisters, aJio »aid to my mollier, Tell thy son, wlien lie liatli come, 
•ud the nights of separation have become tedious to him, and he 
detircth to approach and meet me, and the winds of love and 
longing dvsire agilati! him, hi; mii.tt t^nmt? to me in the Islands of 
Wik-Wak. — And when they heard his words, tliey winked to each 
other, and reflected ; and each of them looked at her sister, while 
^a<an looked at them. Then they hung down their heads towanis 
the ground a whih;; and nfter thai, they raised their heads, and 
Bidd, There is no strengtli nor power but in God, the High, the 
Great! And the; said to him, Stretch forth thy hand to heaven, 
and if thou cjinst reach to heaven, thou maye^l reach to tliy wife 
and thy children. And tliereupon his tears ran down upon bis 
cheeks like rain, so that they wetted his clothes; and he recitetl 
these rersea : — 

The ni cbccki and the piijiiU of (he lyf* hitvc ^Uturbcd mc, and patience 

absndoncd mt.- when •le«]il«Miir]u njipcnnchcd. 
Fair, ilcck dumavlt hsvo by cruelty cmncintcd my body : to man'* vfM it 

•ninvth iiol to nlnin thi^ laat brcnth. 
With bUcfc ojM, and pioud gait, like the gazpllvs of diB sand-hill, thay dicwed 

bcaiily of which the uinti, if they buw it, would bt Piinmoiired. 
They walk like thv njihyr iif thf gkrdrnn towardi dnyhreak." Through lOTS 

of (hl;in, uimirtf and dixguietude have came upon lui-. 
I hav» allachrd my hopi^i to a lovely daioMl among them. My hoan bumHh 

with flaming fire on her nccoiinl. 
Gaxellc-like, ileek-liiiibed, wnllimg with prmid gait ; h«r face b like the 

morning; hiil Wr hair is dark a» night. 
She h«rh dintiirbed mc. But iiow mniiy her«M h«T# Iha eyelids and lh« «y«» 

at the fiiir-anva diitiirbed wilh Invi' ! 



And when he had conchwled his verses, he wept, and the damsels 
wept at his weeping; coinpaiaion and zeal for him alTectiiig them. 

They betook themselves to s»otliing him, and exhorting him to 
have patience, and praying for his reunion to his wife ; and his sister 
accosted him and said to him, O my brother, be of good heart and 
cheerful eye, and be patient: tlion wilt thou attain tfaj desire; for 



■1-M 



THE STORY OF ^ASAK OF EL-UASaAIL 



lie who is patient, luid ivultvth, obtuneth what he wUhcth ; and 
linticitcT is the koy of reht-f, Th« poet halli aid, — 

Let ilnliiiy run witli ilacliciicd iciui, and poa not the oiglil kat vilh arda* 

iiiini) ; 
For bclwwn tli« clusins of an ty* and iu opening, God eflVclcth a obange in 

She tbcu said to him, Strengthen Ihj- heart, and confinn thy reso- 
lution ; for he whose life is to be ten years will not die when he a 
but ninti; and weeping and grief and mounitng occasion diseaso 
and uckness. Remain witii us until tliou sbalt have taken rest, 
and I n-ill contrive means of ttiy gaining access to thy wife and thy 
children, if ii be the will of God, whose name be exalted ! — But be 
wept violently, and recited tliis couplet : — 

If 1 hn curti of a di»r«w In my body, I am not caml at a fliwaiii in nqr 

licnrl. 
Ilicn U no other cuiv fur tbc diaeBin of love thui union of ihc bdoTMl wUIi 

the lov«r. 

Then he *at by the jiide of hi.t sister, wlio proceeded to cottrerse 
nitli him and to console hini, and asked him what was the cause 
of his wife'n d^jMrture. So lie informed her of the cause of that 
event; and .-die said to him. By Alhdi, O my bmtlier, I de«ircd to i 
aay to thee, Bum the dress of feathers : — but the Devil made me 
forget that. And she continued to converse with him and to aooth 
him. But when the ease became tedious to him, and his disquietude 
increased, he recited these vcnes : — 

A bclovRil, with whom I wm fnmllisr, lislh got ponatdon of mj bean; mui 

(J